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Investigating Roles Of 2 Novel Eklf Targets Involved In Erythropoiesis, Rose M. Gott 2022 Cleveland State University

Investigating Roles Of 2 Novel Eklf Targets Involved In Erythropoiesis, Rose M. Gott

ETD Archive

Erythrocytes are primarily comprised of the oxygen carrying protein hemoglobin. Genetic mutations causing defects in the proper synthesis of hemoglobin result in various anemias. It is during the last phases of terminal erythroid differentiation that hemoglobin levels rise, making it a focus for therapeutic research. Fetal hemoglobin is comprised of ⍺-globin and gamma globin, then after a change in gene expression called hemoglobin switching which takes place after birth, adult hemoglobin is comprised of ⍺-globin and beta globin. We investigated hemoglobin switching and erythroid terminal differentiation by focusing on the master erythroid transcription factor Erythroid Krüppel-like Factor (EKLF). Data led …


Tracking And Modulating Circadian Rhythms In Cell Culture Models, Sujeewa Sampath Lellupitiyage Don 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Tracking And Modulating Circadian Rhythms In Cell Culture Models, Sujeewa Sampath Lellupitiyage Don

Doctoral Dissertations

Circadian rhythms are 24–hour activity cycles that exist for all organisms, from yeast and bacteria to mammals. Epidemiological data has shown that disruptions to circadian rhythms are associated with various diseases, including cancers. Circadian rhythms are regulated at the cellular level by a "molecular clock,” whose oscillations in protein transcription and translation control a range of downstream pathways. However, the connections between altered rhythms and diseases at the molecular level is unclear. Therefore, in this project, I tracked circadian rhythms in a high-resolution manner and thoroughly analyzed them to more completely reflect circadian behaviors and clock functioning at the molecular …


Bio-Vascular 3d, Wisdom Shadrach 2022 Department of Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Munster Technological University, Kerry, Ireland

Bio-Vascular 3d, Wisdom Shadrach

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity across the world and according to the world health organization account for 32% of mortality rate globally. There still remain a need to develop better in vitro vascular models that would aid further in-depth understanding of cardiovascular pathogenesis and proposed therapeutic intervention.

This study intends to characterize four novel medically relevant synthetic polymer scaffolds, and one hydrogel, for their biocompatibility and potential application in a tissue engineered blood vessel (TEBV). A primary human endothelial cell line derived from the vein of the umbilical cord (HUVEC), and a human primary smooth …


Short Chain Fatty Acid Combination Treatment Protects Against 6-Ohda Induced Decrease In Neurite Growth In An In Vitro Model Of Parkinson’S Disease., Alex Morris 2022 Department of Biological Sciences, Munster Technological University, Cork, Ireland

Short Chain Fatty Acid Combination Treatment Protects Against 6-Ohda Induced Decrease In Neurite Growth In An In Vitro Model Of Parkinson’S Disease., Alex Morris

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

Title: Short chain fatty acid combination treatment protects against 6-OHDA induced decrease in neurite growth in an in vitro model of Parkinson’s disease.

Authors: Alex Morris1, Louise M. Collins1,2,3, Gerard W. O’Keeffe2, Caitriona M. Guinane1

1 Department of Biological Sciences, Munster Technological University (MTU), Cork, Ireland.

2 Department of Anatomy & Neuroscience, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

3 Department of Physiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Background: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by dopaminergic neuron degeneration. This leads to motor dysfunction which is accompanied by gastrointestinal comorbidities such as constipation …


Complex Role Of Microbiome In Pancreatic Tumorigenesis: Potential Therapeutic Implications, Suneetha Amara, Li V. Yang, Venkataswarup Tiriveedhi, Mahvish Muzaffar 2022 East Carolina University

Complex Role Of Microbiome In Pancreatic Tumorigenesis: Potential Therapeutic Implications, Suneetha Amara, Li V. Yang, Venkataswarup Tiriveedhi, Mahvish Muzaffar

Biology Faculty Research

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related mortality with limited diagnostic and therapeutic options. Although immunotherapy has shown promise in the treatment of several cancers, its role in pancreatic cancer is rather limited. Several studies have focused on determining the role of the tumor microenvironment with cancer-cell-intrinsic events and tumor-infiltrating immune cellular properties. However, in the past decade, there has been emerging research aimed at delineating the role of the host microbiome, including the metabolites from microbes and host responses, on pancreatic tumorigenesis. Importantly, there is emerging evidence suggesting the beneficial role of a gut microbiome transplant …


The Effect Of Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva On The Tongue, Amy Backal, Amanda Harrop, David J. Goldhamer Dr. 2022 University of Connecticut - Storrs

The Effect Of Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva On The Tongue, Amy Backal, Amanda Harrop, David J. Goldhamer Dr.

University Scholar Projects

FOP is a rare genetic disorder in which skeletal muscle and associated connective tissue progressively turn to bone through a process called heterotopic ossification (HO). The extra skeletal bone growth is cumulative, eventually trapping patients in a second skeleton that eventually leads to death by asphyxiation. The FOP mutation is autosomal dominant that can be inherited or acquired sporadically. Unfortunately, FOP is currently incurable with no therapeutic options to inhibit bone growth or reduce existing bone nodules. My project intends to further our understanding of the cellular mechanisms of the disease within the tongue muscle. A population of cells known …


The Effect Of Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva On The Tongue, Amy Backal, Amanda Harrop, David J. Goldhamer Dr. 2022 University of Connecticut - Storrs

The Effect Of Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva On The Tongue, Amy Backal, Amanda Harrop, David J. Goldhamer Dr.

Honors Scholar Theses

FOP is a rare genetic disorder in which skeletal muscle and associated connective tissue progressively turn to bone through a process called heterotopic ossification (HO). The extra skeletal bone growth is cumulative, eventually trapping patients in a second skeleton that eventually leads to death by asphyxiation. The FOP mutation is autosomal dominant that can be inherited or acquired sporadically. Unfortunately, FOP is currently incurable with no therapeutic options to inhibit bone growth or reduce existing bone nodules. My project intends to further our understanding of the cellular mechanisms of the disease within the tongue muscle. A population of cells known …


Resolving The Repression Pathway Of Virulence Gene Hila In Salmonella, Alexandra King, Lon Chubiz PhD, Brenda Pratte, Lauren Daugherty 2022 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Resolving The Repression Pathway Of Virulence Gene Hila In Salmonella, Alexandra King, Lon Chubiz Phd, Brenda Pratte, Lauren Daugherty

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Salmonella is a relatively abundant, virulent species of bacteria that is most known for spreading gastrointestinal diseases through food. These illnesses result in approximately 1.35 million infections, including over 25,000 hospitalizations each year, in the U.S. alone (CDC.gov). As antibiotic resistance becomes an increasingly urgent public health problem, the importance of developing alternative treatment methods is only becoming more crucial. One of the genes responsible for this virulence is known as hilA. HilA is the main transcriptional regulator of Salmonella Pathogenicity Island-1 gene (UniProt). SPI-1 plays an important role in the invasion of Salmonella into epithelial cells. The proteins encoded …


College Of Natural Sciences Newsletter, May & June 2022, College Of Natural Sciences 2022 South Dakota State University

College Of Natural Sciences Newsletter, May & June 2022, College Of Natural Sciences

College of Natural Sciences Newsletters and Reports

Volume 3, Issue 4

Page 1 Dean's Message
Page 2 Awards and Recognition
Page 3-4 The path to a Doctorate Degree
Page 4 American Indian Student Center Native Graduate Honoring Ceremony
Page 5 Celebrating the lives of those who touched the College
Page 6 Media coverage of CNS
Page 7 Open PRAIRIE
Page 8-10 CNS Graduation Festivities
Page 11-14 Spring 2022 Dean's List
Page 16 Richard and Janice Vetter Endowed Professorship in Biotechnology.position


Impact Of The Major Bcr-Abl1 Transcript Type On Clinical And Biological Parameters And Molecular Response In Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Mourad Nachi, Ibtissem Kihel, Badra Entasoltane, Mohamed Brahimi, Nabil Yafour, Djaoued Guella, Amine Abed, Mohamed A. Bekadja 2022 Faculty of Medicine, Ahmed Ben Bella University of Oran, Algeria

Impact Of The Major Bcr-Abl1 Transcript Type On Clinical And Biological Parameters And Molecular Response In Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Mourad Nachi, Ibtissem Kihel, Badra Entasoltane, Mohamed Brahimi, Nabil Yafour, Djaoued Guella, Amine Abed, Mohamed A. Bekadja

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Aim: In chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), the impact of MBCR-ABL1 major transcript type on disease phenotype and response to treatment still controversial to date. This work aims to study the influence of Mb3a2 and Mb2a2 transcripts on clinico-biological parameters and the molecular response in patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CP-CML) treated with Imatinib as frontline therapy. Methods: This is six years prospective study started in March 1 st, 2013. 67 patients with newly CP-CML were treated by Imatinib as frontline therapy. Clinical and biological characteristics disease were collected for all patients. Molecular typing was performed by multiplex RT-PCR …


Cdc6 Is Sequentially Regulated By Pp2a-Cdc55, Cdc14, And Sic1 For Origin Licensing In S. Cerevisiae, Jasmin Philip 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Cdc6 Is Sequentially Regulated By Pp2a-Cdc55, Cdc14, And Sic1 For Origin Licensing In S. Cerevisiae, Jasmin Philip

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Control of DNA replication is critical for progression of the cell cycle and genomic stability. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) coordinate numerous phosphorylation events to accomplish two biological tasks for all living organisms: DNA replication and cell division. One CDK, Cyclin-Cdc28, is responsible for cell cycle progression in budding yeast. DNA replication requires a stepwise assembly of the pre-replicative complex on DNA, including Orc1-6, Cdc6, Cdt1 and Mcm2-7, during M-G1 phase. Cdc6 contains eight Cdc28 consensus sites, SP or TP motifs. Clb5-Cdc28 phosphorylates Cdc6-T7 to recruit Cks1, the Cdc28 phospho-adaptor, for subsequent multisite phosphorylation during S phase. There are two phospho-degrons at …


The Phenomenon Of Multidrug Resistance In Glioblastomas, Alexandr N. Chernov, Diana A. Alaverdian, Elvira S. Galimova, Alessandra Renieri, Elisa Frullanti, Ilaria Meloni, Olga V. Shamova 2022 Institute of Experimental Medicine, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

The Phenomenon Of Multidrug Resistance In Glioblastomas, Alexandr N. Chernov, Diana A. Alaverdian, Elvira S. Galimova, Alessandra Renieri, Elisa Frullanti, Ilaria Meloni, Olga V. Shamova

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

The most common and aggressive brain tumor in the adult population is glioblastoma (GBM). The lifespan of patients does not exceed 22 months. One of the reasons for the low effectiveness of GBM treatment is its radioresistance and chemoresistance. In the current review, we discuss the phenomenon of multidrug resistance of GBM in the context of the expression of ABC family transporter proteins and the mechanisms of proliferation, angiogenesis, and recurrence. We focused on the search of molecular targets among growth factors, receptors, signal transduction proteins, microRNAs, transcription factors, proto-oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, and their single-nucleotide polymorphisms.


Hepatitis-Associated Aplastic Anemia, Alfadel Alshaibani, Carlo Dufour, Antonio Risitano, Regis de Latour, Mahmoud Aljurf 2022 King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Hepatitis-Associated Aplastic Anemia, Alfadel Alshaibani, Carlo Dufour, Antonio Risitano, Regis De Latour, Mahmoud Aljurf

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia (HAAA) is a rare illness, characterized by onset of pancytopenia with a hypoplastic bone marrow that traditionally occurs within 6 months of an increase in serum aminotransferases. HAAA is observed in 1% to 5% of all newly diagnosed cases of acquired aplastic anemia. Several hepatitis viruses have been linked to the disease, but in many cases no specific virus is detected. The exact pathophysiology is unknown; however, immune destruction of hematopoietic stem cells is believed to be the underlying mechanism. HAAA is a potentially lethal disease if left untreated. Management includes immunosuppression with antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine …


Mutation Profile In Bcr-Abl1-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms: A Single-Center Experience From India, Madhavi Maddali, Uday Prakash Kulkarni, Niveditha Ravindra, Arun Kumar Arunachalam, Arvind Venkatraman, Sharon Lionel, Marie Therese Manipadam, Anup J. Devasia, Anu Korula, N.A. Fouzia, Aby Abraham, Alok Srivastava, Biju George, Poonkuzhali Balasubramanian, Vikram Mathews 2022 Department of Haematology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India

Mutation Profile In Bcr-Abl1-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms: A Single-Center Experience From India, Madhavi Maddali, Uday Prakash Kulkarni, Niveditha Ravindra, Arun Kumar Arunachalam, Arvind Venkatraman, Sharon Lionel, Marie Therese Manipadam, Anup J. Devasia, Anu Korula, N.A. Fouzia, Aby Abraham, Alok Srivastava, Biju George, Poonkuzhali Balasubramanian, Vikram Mathews

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Objective/Background: Recurrent somatic mutations in the JAK2, calreticulin (CALR), and the MPL genes are described as drivers of BCR-ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) that includes polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocytosis (ET), primary myelofibrosis (PMF), and MPN unclassified (MPN-U). Methods: We describe the mutation profile and clinical features of MPN cases diagnosed at a tertiary care center. JAK2V617F and MPL (S505/W515) mutations were screened by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction, while CALR exon 9 and JAK2 exon 12 mutations were screened by fragment analysis/Sanger sequencing. Among the 1,570 patients tested for these mutations during the study period, 407 were classified as MPN with …


The Hispanic Paradox In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Rohit Kumar, Franklin Castillero, Shruti Bhandari, Sindhu Malapati, Goetz Kloecker 2022 Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology, James Graham Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA

The Hispanic Paradox In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Rohit Kumar, Franklin Castillero, Shruti Bhandari, Sindhu Malapati, Goetz Kloecker

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Objective/Background: According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 18% of the total population in the United States identified themselves as Hispanic in 2016 making it the largest minority group. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Hispanic ethnicity on the overall survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using a large national cancer database. Methods: We used the National Cancer Database to identify patients diagnosed with NSCLC between 2010 and 2015. The two comparative groups for this study were non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs) and Hispanics. The primary outcome was overall survival. Results: Of the 555,475 patients included in the …


Does Race Play A Role In Complications And Outcomes Of Philadelphia Chromosome-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms?, Andrew M. Peseski, Antoine N. Saliba, Sandra K. Althouse, Hamid Sayar 2022 Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA

Does Race Play A Role In Complications And Outcomes Of Philadelphia Chromosome-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms?, Andrew M. Peseski, Antoine N. Saliba, Sandra K. Althouse, Hamid Sayar

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Background: Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) are a group of hematologic malignancies with known vascular complications. The role race and ethnicity play in these complications is less defined. We aimed to further evaluate the role of race in patients without a history of previous thrombotic or hemorrhagic events. Methods: In this retrospective study, 300 adult patients with MPN were included; 270 (90.0%) were White and 30 (10.0%) were non-White. The non-White group primarily consisted of African American or Black (26 patients), followed by others. Median age at diagnosis was 58 years for White patients and 61.5 years for non-White patients. …


Spectrum Of Myelodysplastic Syndrome In Patients Evaluated For Cytopenia(S). A Report From A Reference Centre In Saudi Arabia, Nour AlMozain, Ayman Mashi, Qasem Alneami, Amal Al-Omran, Nasir Bakshi, Tarek Owaidah, Salem Khalil, Haitham Khogeer, Shahrukh Hashmi, Suleimman Al-Sweedan, Thomas Morris, Randa AlNounou 2022 Department of the Blood Bank, King Saud University Medical City, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Spectrum Of Myelodysplastic Syndrome In Patients Evaluated For Cytopenia(S). A Report From A Reference Centre In Saudi Arabia, Nour Almozain, Ayman Mashi, Qasem Alneami, Amal Al-Omran, Nasir Bakshi, Tarek Owaidah, Salem Khalil, Haitham Khogeer, Shahrukh Hashmi, Suleimman Al-Sweedan, Thomas Morris, Randa Alnounou

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Background/Objective: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a clonal disorder of hematopoietic stem cells, characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, peripheral cytopenias along with hypercellularity of the bone marrow, and marked dysplastic features. Establishing MDS diagnosis is difficult due to nonspecific clinical presentation and imprecise morphological criteria. In anticipation to improve the diagnostic approach in this field, we aimed to characterize the clinical and morphological features of patients presented with cytopenias with a special focus on MDS. Methods: We comprehensively reviewed all medical record of patients who were referred to the hematology laboratory at KFSH-RC, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between January 2009 and March 2016 …


The Risk And Prognosis Of Covid-19 Infection In Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ghada M. ElGohary, Shahrukh Hashmi, Jan Styczynski, Mohamed A. Kharfan-Dabaja, Rehab M. Alblooshi, Rafael de la Camara, Sherif Mohmed, Alfadel Alshaibani, Simone Cesaro, Nashwa Abd El-Aziz, Reem Almaghrabi, Usama Gergis, Navneet S. Majhail, Roy F. Chemaly, Mahmoud Aljurf, Riad El Fakih 2022 Department of Medicine, Division of Oncology/Hematology, College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

The Risk And Prognosis Of Covid-19 Infection In Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ghada M. Elgohary, Shahrukh Hashmi, Jan Styczynski, Mohamed A. Kharfan-Dabaja, Rehab M. Alblooshi, Rafael De La Camara, Sherif Mohmed, Alfadel Alshaibani, Simone Cesaro, Nashwa Abd El-Aziz, Reem Almaghrabi, Usama Gergis, Navneet S. Majhail, Roy F. Chemaly, Mahmoud Aljurf, Riad El Fakih

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Numerous studies have been published regarding outcomes of cancer patients infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. However, most of these are single-center studies with a limited number of patients. To better assess the outcomes of this new infection in this subgroup of susceptible patients, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 infection on cancer patients. We performed a literature search using PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus for studies that reported the risk of infection and complications of COVID-19 in cancer patients …


Clinicopathological Significance Of Common Genetic Alterations In Patients With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia, Sukanta Nath, Jina Bhattacharyya, Prem Chandra, Renu Saxena, Sudha Sazawal, Kandarpa Kumar Saikia 2022 Department of Bioengineering and Technology, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, India

Clinicopathological Significance Of Common Genetic Alterations In Patients With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia, Sukanta Nath, Jina Bhattacharyya, Prem Chandra, Renu Saxena, Sudha Sazawal, Kandarpa Kumar Saikia

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Objective/Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the common forms of hematological malignancy and acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a unique subtype of AML conferring favorable prognosis. We aimed to determine the prevalence and prognostic impact of Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3), nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) mutation, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and flow marker’s expression in patients with APL. Methods: In the present study, 165 de novo APL patients were molecularly characterized for promyelocytic leukemia (PML) breakpoint and additional genetic alterations. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real time PCR assays were used to detect genetic alterations. Results: …


Familial Emberger Syndrome With Autoimmunity, Hyper-Immunoglobulin E And Lymphatic Impairment Caused By A Novel Gata2 Mutation, Moneerah AlGassim, Ahad F. Al Seraihi, AlFadel AlShaibani, Walter Conca, Saleem AlShehri, Moheieldin Moustafa Abouzied, Issam Hamadah, Saleh AlReshoodi, Majed Dasouki, Farrukh Sheikh 2022 Department of Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Familial Emberger Syndrome With Autoimmunity, Hyper-Immunoglobulin E And Lymphatic Impairment Caused By A Novel Gata2 Mutation, Moneerah Algassim, Ahad F. Al Seraihi, Alfadel Alshaibani, Walter Conca, Saleem Alshehri, Moheieldin Moustafa Abouzied, Issam Hamadah, Saleh Alreshoodi, Majed Dasouki, Farrukh Sheikh

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

No abstract provided.


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