Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Cell and Developmental Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

7,042 Full-Text Articles 17,221 Authors 1,247,209 Downloads 251 Institutions

All Articles in Cell and Developmental Biology

Faceted Search

7,042 full-text articles. Page 7 of 295.

Hepatitis-Associated Aplastic Anemia, Alfadel Alshaibani, Carlo Dufour, Antonio Risitano, Regis de Latour, Mahmoud Aljurf 2022 King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Hepatitis-Associated Aplastic Anemia, Alfadel Alshaibani, Carlo Dufour, Antonio Risitano, Regis De Latour, Mahmoud Aljurf

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia (HAAA) is a rare illness, characterized by onset of pancytopenia with a hypoplastic bone marrow that traditionally occurs within 6 months of an increase in serum aminotransferases. HAAA is observed in 1% to 5% of all newly diagnosed cases of acquired aplastic anemia. Several hepatitis viruses have been linked to the disease, but in many cases no specific virus is detected. The exact pathophysiology is unknown; however, immune destruction of hematopoietic stem cells is believed to be the underlying mechanism. HAAA is a potentially lethal disease if left untreated. Management includes immunosuppression with antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine …


Mutation Profile In Bcr-Abl1-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms: A Single-Center Experience From India, Madhavi Maddali, Uday Prakash Kulkarni, Niveditha Ravindra, Arun Kumar Arunachalam, Arvind Venkatraman, Sharon Lionel, Marie Therese Manipadam, Anup J. Devasia, Anu Korula, N.A. Fouzia, Aby Abraham, Alok Srivastava, Biju George, Poonkuzhali Balasubramanian, Vikram Mathews 2022 Department of Haematology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India

Mutation Profile In Bcr-Abl1-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms: A Single-Center Experience From India, Madhavi Maddali, Uday Prakash Kulkarni, Niveditha Ravindra, Arun Kumar Arunachalam, Arvind Venkatraman, Sharon Lionel, Marie Therese Manipadam, Anup J. Devasia, Anu Korula, N.A. Fouzia, Aby Abraham, Alok Srivastava, Biju George, Poonkuzhali Balasubramanian, Vikram Mathews

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Objective/Background: Recurrent somatic mutations in the JAK2, calreticulin (CALR), and the MPL genes are described as drivers of BCR-ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) that includes polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocytosis (ET), primary myelofibrosis (PMF), and MPN unclassified (MPN-U). Methods: We describe the mutation profile and clinical features of MPN cases diagnosed at a tertiary care center. JAK2V617F and MPL (S505/W515) mutations were screened by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction, while CALR exon 9 and JAK2 exon 12 mutations were screened by fragment analysis/Sanger sequencing. Among the 1,570 patients tested for these mutations during the study period, 407 were classified as MPN with …


The Hispanic Paradox In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Rohit Kumar, Franklin Castillero, Shruti Bhandari, Sindhu Malapati, Goetz Kloecker 2022 Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology, James Graham Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA

The Hispanic Paradox In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Rohit Kumar, Franklin Castillero, Shruti Bhandari, Sindhu Malapati, Goetz Kloecker

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Objective/Background: According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 18% of the total population in the United States identified themselves as Hispanic in 2016 making it the largest minority group. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Hispanic ethnicity on the overall survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using a large national cancer database. Methods: We used the National Cancer Database to identify patients diagnosed with NSCLC between 2010 and 2015. The two comparative groups for this study were non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs) and Hispanics. The primary outcome was overall survival. Results: Of the 555,475 patients included in the …


Does Race Play A Role In Complications And Outcomes Of Philadelphia Chromosome-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms?, Andrew M. Peseski, Antoine N. Saliba, Sandra K. Althouse, Hamid Sayar 2022 Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA

Does Race Play A Role In Complications And Outcomes Of Philadelphia Chromosome-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms?, Andrew M. Peseski, Antoine N. Saliba, Sandra K. Althouse, Hamid Sayar

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Background: Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) are a group of hematologic malignancies with known vascular complications. The role race and ethnicity play in these complications is less defined. We aimed to further evaluate the role of race in patients without a history of previous thrombotic or hemorrhagic events. Methods: In this retrospective study, 300 adult patients with MPN were included; 270 (90.0%) were White and 30 (10.0%) were non-White. The non-White group primarily consisted of African American or Black (26 patients), followed by others. Median age at diagnosis was 58 years for White patients and 61.5 years for non-White patients. …


Spectrum Of Myelodysplastic Syndrome In Patients Evaluated For Cytopenia(S). A Report From A Reference Centre In Saudi Arabia, Nour AlMozain, Ayman Mashi, Qasem Alneami, Amal Al-Omran, Nasir Bakshi, Tarek Owaidah, Salem Khalil, Haitham Khogeer, Shahrukh Hashmi, Suleimman Al-Sweedan, Thomas Morris, Randa AlNounou 2022 Department of the Blood Bank, King Saud University Medical City, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Spectrum Of Myelodysplastic Syndrome In Patients Evaluated For Cytopenia(S). A Report From A Reference Centre In Saudi Arabia, Nour Almozain, Ayman Mashi, Qasem Alneami, Amal Al-Omran, Nasir Bakshi, Tarek Owaidah, Salem Khalil, Haitham Khogeer, Shahrukh Hashmi, Suleimman Al-Sweedan, Thomas Morris, Randa Alnounou

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Background/Objective: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a clonal disorder of hematopoietic stem cells, characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, peripheral cytopenias along with hypercellularity of the bone marrow, and marked dysplastic features. Establishing MDS diagnosis is difficult due to nonspecific clinical presentation and imprecise morphological criteria. In anticipation to improve the diagnostic approach in this field, we aimed to characterize the clinical and morphological features of patients presented with cytopenias with a special focus on MDS. Methods: We comprehensively reviewed all medical record of patients who were referred to the hematology laboratory at KFSH-RC, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between January 2009 and March 2016 …


The Risk And Prognosis Of Covid-19 Infection In Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ghada M. ElGohary, Shahrukh Hashmi, Jan Styczynski, Mohamed A. Kharfan-Dabaja, Rehab M. Alblooshi, Rafael de la Camara, Sherif Mohmed, Alfadel Alshaibani, Simone Cesaro, Nashwa Abd El-Aziz, Reem Almaghrabi, Usama Gergis, Navneet S. Majhail, Roy F. Chemaly, Mahmoud Aljurf, Riad El Fakih 2022 Department of Medicine, Division of Oncology/Hematology, College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

The Risk And Prognosis Of Covid-19 Infection In Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ghada M. Elgohary, Shahrukh Hashmi, Jan Styczynski, Mohamed A. Kharfan-Dabaja, Rehab M. Alblooshi, Rafael De La Camara, Sherif Mohmed, Alfadel Alshaibani, Simone Cesaro, Nashwa Abd El-Aziz, Reem Almaghrabi, Usama Gergis, Navneet S. Majhail, Roy F. Chemaly, Mahmoud Aljurf, Riad El Fakih

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Numerous studies have been published regarding outcomes of cancer patients infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. However, most of these are single-center studies with a limited number of patients. To better assess the outcomes of this new infection in this subgroup of susceptible patients, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 infection on cancer patients. We performed a literature search using PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus for studies that reported the risk of infection and complications of COVID-19 in cancer patients …


Clinicopathological Significance Of Common Genetic Alterations In Patients With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia, Sukanta Nath, Jina Bhattacharyya, Prem Chandra, Renu Saxena, Sudha Sazawal, Kandarpa Kumar Saikia 2022 Department of Bioengineering and Technology, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, India

Clinicopathological Significance Of Common Genetic Alterations In Patients With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia, Sukanta Nath, Jina Bhattacharyya, Prem Chandra, Renu Saxena, Sudha Sazawal, Kandarpa Kumar Saikia

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Objective/Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the common forms of hematological malignancy and acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a unique subtype of AML conferring favorable prognosis. We aimed to determine the prevalence and prognostic impact of Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3), nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) mutation, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and flow marker’s expression in patients with APL. Methods: In the present study, 165 de novo APL patients were molecularly characterized for promyelocytic leukemia (PML) breakpoint and additional genetic alterations. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real time PCR assays were used to detect genetic alterations. Results: …


Familial Emberger Syndrome With Autoimmunity, Hyper-Immunoglobulin E And Lymphatic Impairment Caused By A Novel Gata2 Mutation, Moneerah AlGassim, Ahad F. Al Seraihi, AlFadel AlShaibani, Walter Conca, Saleem AlShehri, Moheieldin Moustafa Abouzied, Issam Hamadah, Saleh AlReshoodi, Majed Dasouki, Farrukh Sheikh 2022 Department of Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Familial Emberger Syndrome With Autoimmunity, Hyper-Immunoglobulin E And Lymphatic Impairment Caused By A Novel Gata2 Mutation, Moneerah Algassim, Ahad F. Al Seraihi, Alfadel Alshaibani, Walter Conca, Saleem Alshehri, Moheieldin Moustafa Abouzied, Issam Hamadah, Saleh Alreshoodi, Majed Dasouki, Farrukh Sheikh

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

No abstract provided.


Cdc6 Is Sequentially Regulated By Pp2a-Cdc55, Cdc14, And Sic1 For Origin Licensing In S. Cerevisiae, Jasmin Philip 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Cdc6 Is Sequentially Regulated By Pp2a-Cdc55, Cdc14, And Sic1 For Origin Licensing In S. Cerevisiae, Jasmin Philip

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Control of DNA replication is critical for progression of the cell cycle and genomic stability. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) coordinate numerous phosphorylation events to accomplish two biological tasks for all living organisms: DNA replication and cell division. One CDK, Cyclin-Cdc28, is responsible for cell cycle progression in budding yeast. DNA replication requires a stepwise assembly of the pre-replicative complex on DNA, including Orc1-6, Cdc6, Cdt1 and Mcm2-7, during M-G1 phase. Cdc6 contains eight Cdc28 consensus sites, SP or TP motifs. Clb5-Cdc28 phosphorylates Cdc6-T7 to recruit Cks1, the Cdc28 phospho-adaptor, for subsequent multisite phosphorylation during S phase. There are two phospho-degrons at …


The Effects Of Aging On Wound Healing And Limb Regeneration In The Axolotl, Hande Sahin 2022 University of Massachusetts Boston

The Effects Of Aging On Wound Healing And Limb Regeneration In The Axolotl, Hande Sahin

Graduate Masters Theses

The Mexican axolotl is capable of regenerating various parts of its body and maintains this capacity throughout its entire life. Although this ability is sustained through adulthood, multiple regenerative processes appear to be negatively affected by aging. Here, we focus on evaluating the effect of aging on the rate of wound healing and limb regeneration. We have developed new in vivo, and ex vivo assays to characterize wound healing and identify differences between young and aged animals during this process. We have also characterized morphological features of mature skin from both groups of animals and although there are no obvious …


Low-Salt Diet Reduces Anti-Ctla4 Mediated Systemic Immune-Related Adverse Events While Retaining Therapeutic Efficacy Against Breast Cancer, Durga Khandekar, Debolanle O. Dahunsi, Isaac V. Manzanera Esteve, Sonya Reid, Jeffrey C. Rathmell, Jens M. Titze, Venkataswarup Tiriveedhi 2022 Tennessee State University

Low-Salt Diet Reduces Anti-Ctla4 Mediated Systemic Immune-Related Adverse Events While Retaining Therapeutic Efficacy Against Breast Cancer, Durga Khandekar, Debolanle O. Dahunsi, Isaac V. Manzanera Esteve, Sonya Reid, Jeffrey C. Rathmell, Jens M. Titze, Venkataswarup Tiriveedhi

Biology Faculty Research

Immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy has revolutionized the breast cancer treatment landscape. However, ICI-induced systemic inflammatory immune-related adverse events (irAE) remain a major clinical challenge. Previous studies in our laboratory and others have demonstrated that a high-salt (HS) diet induces inflammatory activation of CD4+T cells leading to anti-tumor responses. In our current communication, we analyzed the impact of dietary salt modification on therapeutic and systemic outcomes in breast-tumor-bearing mice following anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA4) monoclonal antibody (mAb) based ICI therapy. As HS diet and anti-CTLA4 mAb both exert pro-inflammatory activation of CD4+T cells, we hypothesized that a combination of …


Comparative Studies Between The Murine Immortalized Brain Endothelial Cell Line (Bend.3) And Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Human Brain Endothelial Cells For Paracellular Transport, Jiahong Sun, Weijun Ou, Derick Han, Annlia Paganini-Hill, Mark J. Fisher, Rachita K. Sumbria 2022 Chapman University

Comparative Studies Between The Murine Immortalized Brain Endothelial Cell Line (Bend.3) And Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Human Brain Endothelial Cells For Paracellular Transport, Jiahong Sun, Weijun Ou, Derick Han, Annlia Paganini-Hill, Mark J. Fisher, Rachita K. Sumbria

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Brain microvascular endothelial cells, forming the anatomical site of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), are widely used as in vitro complements to in vivo BBB studies. Among the immortalized cells used as in vitro BBB models, the murine-derived bEnd.3 cells offer culturing consistency and low cost and are well characterized for functional and transport assays, but result in low transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER). Human-induced pluripotent stem cells differentiated into brain microvascular endothelial cells (ihBMECs) have superior barrier properties, but the process of differentiation is time-consuming and can result in mixed endothelial-epithelial gene expression. Here we performed a side-by-side comparison of the …


Genetically Explicit Model May Explain Multigenerational Control Of Emergent Turing Patterns In Hybrid Mimulus, Emily Simmons 2022 William & Mary

Genetically Explicit Model May Explain Multigenerational Control Of Emergent Turing Patterns In Hybrid Mimulus, Emily Simmons

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of The Oncometabolite Fumarate In The Response To Dna Damage: An Analysis Of The Role Of Fumarate In The Response Of Cells A2780 To Dna Damage Induced By Cisplatin, Gillian Luczyk, Luisa María Sierra, Enol Álvarez González 2022 University of Denver

The Effect Of The Oncometabolite Fumarate In The Response To Dna Damage: An Analysis Of The Role Of Fumarate In The Response Of Cells A2780 To Dna Damage Induced By Cisplatin, Gillian Luczyk, Luisa María Sierra, Enol Álvarez González

DU Undergraduate Research Journal Archive

Previous research has been conducted on the effect of oncometabolites on DNA damage repair; however, these studies have traditionally focused on the response to damage caused by DNA double-strand breaks, whereas this study involves cisplatin-induced damage that creates DNA cross-links. This study reports on the effect of the oncometabolite fumarate on the response of A2780 cells to DNA damage produced by cisplatin. Three assays were used to complete this study: comet assay, cell cycle assay and apoptosis assay. The comet assay revealed that fumarate influenced the response of cells to DNA damage and, at a lower 1mM concentration, appeared to …


Du Undergraduate Showcase: Research, Scholarship, And Creative Works: Abstracts, Emma Aggeler, Elena Arroway, Daisy T. Booker, Justin Bravo, Kyle Bucholtz, Megan Burnham, Nicole Choi, Spencer Cockerell, Rosie Contino, Jackson Garske, Kaitlyn Glover, Caroline Hamilton, Haley Hartmann, Madalyne Heiken, Colin Holter, Leah Huzjak, Alyssa Jeng, Cole Jernigan, Chad Kashiwa, Adelaide Kerenick, Emily King, Abigail Langeberg, Maddie Leake, Meredith Lemons, Alec MacKay, Greer McKinley, Ori Miller, Guy Milliman, Katherine Miromonti, Audrey Mitchell, Lauren Moak, Megan Morrell, Gelella Nebiyu, Zdenek Otruba, Toni V. Panzera, Kassidy Patarino, Sneha Patil, Alexandra Penney, Kevin Persky, Caitlin Pham, Gabriela Recinos, Mary Ringgenberg, Chase Routt, Olivia Schneider, Roman Shrestha, Arlo Simmerman, Alec Smith, Tessa Smith, Nhi-Lac Thai, Kyle Thurmann, Casey Tindall, Amelia Trembath, Maria Trubetskaya, Zachary Vangelisti, Peter Vo, Abby Walker, David Winter, Grayden Wolfe, Leah York 2022 University of Denver

Du Undergraduate Showcase: Research, Scholarship, And Creative Works: Abstracts, Emma Aggeler, Elena Arroway, Daisy T. Booker, Justin Bravo, Kyle Bucholtz, Megan Burnham, Nicole Choi, Spencer Cockerell, Rosie Contino, Jackson Garske, Kaitlyn Glover, Caroline Hamilton, Haley Hartmann, Madalyne Heiken, Colin Holter, Leah Huzjak, Alyssa Jeng, Cole Jernigan, Chad Kashiwa, Adelaide Kerenick, Emily King, Abigail Langeberg, Maddie Leake, Meredith Lemons, Alec Mackay, Greer Mckinley, Ori Miller, Guy Milliman, Katherine Miromonti, Audrey Mitchell, Lauren Moak, Megan Morrell, Gelella Nebiyu, Zdenek Otruba, Toni V. Panzera, Kassidy Patarino, Sneha Patil, Alexandra Penney, Kevin Persky, Caitlin Pham, Gabriela Recinos, Mary Ringgenberg, Chase Routt, Olivia Schneider, Roman Shrestha, Arlo Simmerman, Alec Smith, Tessa Smith, Nhi-Lac Thai, Kyle Thurmann, Casey Tindall, Amelia Trembath, Maria Trubetskaya, Zachary Vangelisti, Peter Vo, Abby Walker, David Winter, Grayden Wolfe, Leah York

DU Undergraduate Research Journal Archive

Abstracts from the DU Undergraduate Showcase.


Cytotoxic Activity Of Non-Specific Lipid Transfer Protein (Nsltp1) From Ajwain (Trachyspermum Ammi) Seeds, Saud O. Alshammari, Taibah Aldakhil, Qamar A. Alshammari, David Salehi, Aftab Ahmed 2022 Chapman University

Cytotoxic Activity Of Non-Specific Lipid Transfer Protein (Nsltp1) From Ajwain (Trachyspermum Ammi) Seeds, Saud O. Alshammari, Taibah Aldakhil, Qamar A. Alshammari, David Salehi, Aftab Ahmed

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Trachyspermum ammi, commonly known as Ajwain, is a member of the Apiaceae family. It is a therapeutic herbal spice with diverse pharmacological properties, used in traditional medicine for various ailments. However, all previous studies were conducted using small molecule extracts, leaving the protein’s bioactivity undiscovered.

Aim

The current study aimed to demonstrate the cytotoxic activity of Ajwain non-specific lipid transfer protein (nsLTP1) in normal breast (MCF10A), breast cancer (MCF-7), and pancreatic cancer (AsPC-1) cell lines. Also, to evaluate its structural stability in human serum as well as at high temperature conditions.

Methods

The cytotoxic activity of Ajwain nsLTP1 was …


A Small Peptide Increases Drug Delivery In Human Melanoma Cells, Shirley Tong, Shaban Darwish, Hanieh Hossein Nejad Ariani, Kate Alison Lozada, David Salehi, Maris A. Cinelli, Richard B. Silverman, Kamaljit Kaur, Sun Yang 2022 Chapman University

A Small Peptide Increases Drug Delivery In Human Melanoma Cells, Shirley Tong, Shaban Darwish, Hanieh Hossein Nejad Ariani, Kate Alison Lozada, David Salehi, Maris A. Cinelli, Richard B. Silverman, Kamaljit Kaur, Sun Yang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Melanoma is the most fatal type of skin cancer and is notoriously resistant to chemotherapies. The response of melanoma to current treatments is difficult to predict. To combat these challenges, in this study, we utilize a small peptide to increase drug delivery to melanoma cells. A peptide library array was designed and screened using a peptide array-whole cell binding assay, which identified KK-11 as a novel human melanoma-targeting peptide. The peptide and its D-amino acid substituted analogue (VPWxEPAYQrFL or D-aa KK-11) were synthesized via a solid-phase strategy. Further studies using FITC-labeled KK-11 demonstrated dose-dependent uptake in human melanoma cells. D-aa …


Visceral Adipose Tissue Remodeling In Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Cachexia: The Role Of Activin A Signaling, Pauline Xu 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Visceral Adipose Tissue Remodeling In Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Cachexia: The Role Of Activin A Signaling, Pauline Xu

Theses & Dissertations

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is currently the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States and is projected to become the second leading cause by the year 2030. Prognosis for patients with metastatic disease remains dismal, with cachexia as a main contributor to the low survival rate. Emerging reports indicate that PDAC patients display distinct phenotypes of cachexia development, with either adipose tissue loss preceding skeletal muscle wasting or loss of only adipose tissue. While muscle wasting has been the most frequently studied mechanism in cachexia research, changes in adipose tissue are increasingly understood as important components of …


Examining Levels Of Catecholamine Neurotransmitter Regulatory Proteins Within The Prefrontal Cortex Of Rodents Following Traumatic Brain Injury, Eleni Papadopoulos, Christopher P. Knapp, Claire M. Corbett, Jessica Loweth, Rachel L. Navarra 2022 Rowan University

Examining Levels Of Catecholamine Neurotransmitter Regulatory Proteins Within The Prefrontal Cortex Of Rodents Following Traumatic Brain Injury, Eleni Papadopoulos, Christopher P. Knapp, Claire M. Corbett, Jessica Loweth, Rachel L. Navarra

Stratford Campus Research Day

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) resulting from impact to the head can cause long lasting impairments of cognitive processes that lead to increased risk-taking behavior in clinical populations. Our laboratory has recently shown that female, but not age-matched male, rats increase preference for risky choices after multiple experimentally-induced mild TBI’s. Our overarching goal is to understand the neural mechanisms underlying TBI-induced increases in risk-taking behavior.

The prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays a prominent role in risk-based decision making. Sub[1]regions of the PFC include the medial PFC (mPFC), the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), and the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), and these sub[1]regions play specific …


Cdk8 Kinase Module Modifies Expression Of Specific Translation-Related Proteins Before And After Stress, Brittany Friedson, Katrina Cooper 2022 Rowan University

Cdk8 Kinase Module Modifies Expression Of Specific Translation-Related Proteins Before And After Stress, Brittany Friedson, Katrina Cooper

Stratford Campus Research Day

Translation is tightly coupled to growth status. Efficient protein synthesis is necessary for cell growth in nutrient rich environments, while global translation inhibition combined with selective translation of stress-responsive mRNAs helps limit growth in times of stress. Environmental stress cues which inhibit the nutrient-sensing complex TORC1 are known to reduce general translation, but how does the cell alter protein synthesis machinery to adapt to these conditions? A few mechanisms to promote cell survival in nitrogen starvation include post-translational modification and selective degradation of specific mRNA-binding translation factors, as well as inhibition of activators of genes whose products are required for …


Digital Commons powered by bepress