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Molecular Understanding And Design Of Deep Eutectic Solvents And Proteins Using Computer Simulations And Machine Learning, Usman Lame Abbas 2024 University of Kentucky

Molecular Understanding And Design Of Deep Eutectic Solvents And Proteins Using Computer Simulations And Machine Learning, Usman Lame Abbas

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents (DESs) have emerged as excellent extractants. A major challenge is the lack of an efficient tool to discover DES candidates. Currently, the search relies heavily on the researchers’ intuition or a trial-and-error process, which leads to a low success rate or bypassing of promising candidates. DES performance depends on the heterogeneous hydrogen bond environment formed by multiple hydrogen bond donors and acceptors. Understanding this heterogeneous hydrogen bond environment can help develop principles for designing high performance DESs for extraction and other separation applications. This work investigates the structure and dynamics of hydrogen bonds in hydrophobic DESs …


Xylan Fast Pyrolysis: An Experimental And Modelling Study Of Particle Changes And Volatiles Release, F Cerciello, E Freisewinkel, A Coppola, C Ontyd, D Tarlinski, Martin Schiemann, Osvalda Senneca, Pierro Salatino, C Allouis, Victor Scherer, Thomas H. Fletcher 2024 Ruhr University Bochum, Germany

Xylan Fast Pyrolysis: An Experimental And Modelling Study Of Particle Changes And Volatiles Release, F Cerciello, E Freisewinkel, A Coppola, C Ontyd, D Tarlinski, Martin Schiemann, Osvalda Senneca, Pierro Salatino, C Allouis, Victor Scherer, Thomas H. Fletcher

Faculty Publications

Biomass char particles produced by pyrolysis may have different morphologies, which has important implications on burning mode, conversion rate and boiler efficiency. These features are difficult to address due to the complexity of biomass structure and pyrolysis reaction models. The present work reports preliminary results on the morphological changes and volatile release that solid particles of Xylan experience upon fast heating in a Drop Tube Reactor (DTR) and in a Heated Strip Reactor (HSR) in a range of temperature between 1100 and 1573 K under inert atmosphere with heating rate in the order of 103 K/s. Two different Xylan …


Assessing The Potential Of Uav-Based Multispectral And Thermal Data To Estimate Soil Water Content Using Geophysical Methods, Yunyi Guan, Katherine R. Grote 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Assessing The Potential Of Uav-Based Multispectral And Thermal Data To Estimate Soil Water Content Using Geophysical Methods, Yunyi Guan, Katherine R. Grote

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Knowledge of the soil water content (SWC) is important for many aspects of agriculture and must be monitored to maximize crop yield, efficiently use limited supplies of irrigation water, and ensure optimal nutrient management with minimal environmental impact. Single-location sensors are often used to monitor SWC, but a limited number of point measurements is insufficient to measure SWC across most fields since SWC is typically very heterogeneous. To overcome this difficulty, several researchers have used data acquired from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to predict the SWC by using machine learning on a limited number of point measurements acquired across a …


A Review Of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Cold Atmospheric Plasma For Surface Sterilization And Decontamination, Kolawole Adesina, Ta Chun Lin, Yue-Wern Huang, Marek Locmelis, Daoru Frank Han 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Review Of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Cold Atmospheric Plasma For Surface Sterilization And Decontamination, Kolawole Adesina, Ta Chun Lin, Yue-Wern Huang, Marek Locmelis, Daoru Frank Han

Biological Sciences Faculty Research & Creative Works

Numerous investigations have shown that non-equilibrium discharges at atmospheric pressure, also known as "cold atmospheric plasma" (CAP) are efficient to remove biological contaminants from surfaces of a variety of materials. Recently, CAP has quickly advanced as a technique for microbial cleaning, wound healing, and cancer therapy due to the chemical and biologically active radicals it produces, known collectively as reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS). This article reviews studies pertaining to one of the atmospheric plasma sources known as Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) which has been widely used to treat materials with microbes for sterilization, disinfection, and decontamination purposes. To …


Advancing Natural Hydrogen Exploration: Headspace Gas Analysis In Water-Logged Environments, Krista Davies, Lionel Esteban, Alireza Keshavarz, Stefan Iglauer 2024 Edith Cowan University

Advancing Natural Hydrogen Exploration: Headspace Gas Analysis In Water-Logged Environments, Krista Davies, Lionel Esteban, Alireza Keshavarz, Stefan Iglauer

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Natural hydrogen has gained prominence as a potential contributor to the low-carbon energy landscape; however, exploration techniques are still evolving. Current methods primarily rely on dry soil gas studies or gas vent measurements. Because gas vents are scarce and groundwater inhibits hydrogen gas flux from the soil, other field detection techniques are necessary. This research paper presents a novel approach for advancing natural hydrogen exploration through the analysis of headspace gas of agitated groundwater extracted from dedicated shallow boreholes to better estimate the hydrogen gas flux and its variations with time. Several shallow boreholes were drilled in Western Australia on …


A Critical Review Of Capillary Pressure Behavior And Characterization In Fractional-Wet Reservoirs, Yihang Xiao, Zhenjiang You, Lei Wang, Zhengtong Du 2024 Edith Cowan University

A Critical Review Of Capillary Pressure Behavior And Characterization In Fractional-Wet Reservoirs, Yihang Xiao, Zhenjiang You, Lei Wang, Zhengtong Du

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Fractional wettability is common in oil and gas reservoirs, resulting in complex fluid distribution and transport phenomena. A precise understanding of capillary pressure behavior and characterization in fractional-wet reservoirs, including the two-phase flow mechanisms within pores and relationship between capillary pressure and saturation in porous media, is significant to enhanced oil recovery strategies. In this paper, an in-depth review of the two-phase flow mechanisms in fractional-wet pores and capillary entry pressures in various displacement processes was conducted. Furthermore, the effects of oil-wet proportion and contact angle on capillary pressure characterization were summarized, highlighting the emergence of similar capillary pressure curves …


Assessing The Feasibility And Mechanism Of Destructive Removal Of Per- And Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (Pfas) From Water, Kaushik Vinaykumar Londhe 2023 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Assessing The Feasibility And Mechanism Of Destructive Removal Of Per- And Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (Pfas) From Water, Kaushik Vinaykumar Londhe

Dissertations

One of the most pertinent challenges faced by the drinking water community is the widespread contamination of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). These anthropogenic chemicals have been ubiquitously used in everyday products such as carpets, stain repellents, dyes, shampoos, non-stick cookware as well as in aqueous firefighting foams. PFAS are linked with adverse health effects in humans such as thyroid disease, obesity, immunological and reproductive disorders and linked to cancer in adults and low birth weight and developmental defects in infants.

Conventional water treatment technologies have proven to be largely ineffective in PFAS remediation, due to their extreme stability and …


Modeling Of Amine-Based Co2 Capture Process, Zafar Safarovich Turakulov 2023 Tashkent Institute of chemical technology. Address: Navoi Street, 32, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 100011. E-mail: webdastur@gmail.com, Phone: +998946366355.

Modeling Of Amine-Based Co2 Capture Process, Zafar Safarovich Turakulov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

A significant factor influencing climate change is the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere as a consequence of human activities such as the combustion of fossil fuels. Climate change can be slowed down by taking action to mitigate industrial-scale CO2 emissions. Currently, the most advanced technology for capturing CO2 from industrial flue gases is the post-combustion CO2 capture based on amine absorption. However, due to the high energy penalties of existing CO2 capture technologies and insufficient carbon markets, it is necessary to develop methods that compete with these technologies or minimize their …


The Use Of Ultraviolet Radiation As A Means Of Destroying Microorganisms In Cherries, Jasur Safarov, Shaxnoza Sultanova, Pulatov M. Murodjon 2023 Tashkent State Technical University. Address: 2 Universitetskaya st., 100095, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan. E-mail: jasursafarov@yahoo.com, Phone: +99893 569-02-88;

The Use Of Ultraviolet Radiation As A Means Of Destroying Microorganisms In Cherries, Jasur Safarov, Shaxnoza Sultanova, Pulatov M. Murodjon

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The article discusses methods for extending the shelf life of cherries, having previously treated it with an ultraviolet ray. The article also presents the results obtained, which prove that the shelf life of cherries exposed to ultraviolet increases. At the same time, the article describes in detail the processing technique and presents the results of research.


Study Of Dynamic Characteristics Of The Mechanical Circuit Of The Developed Induction Inertial Vibration Transducer, Sulton Fayzullayevich Amirov, Asror Abdunabiyevich Shoimkulov 2023 Tashkent State Transport University. Address: 1, Temiryulchilar street, 1 st. avenue 100167, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. E-mail: sulton.amirov@bk.ru, Phone: +998904265341.

Study Of Dynamic Characteristics Of The Mechanical Circuit Of The Developed Induction Inertial Vibration Transducer, Sulton Fayzullayevich Amirov, Asror Abdunabiyevich Shoimkulov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The article examines the dynamic characteristics of the mechanical circuit of the developed induction vibration transducer. It is found that in the investigated transducers forced oscillations occur with the frequency of the input disturbing force, the amplitude of forced oscillations does not depend on the initial conditions and time, and in forced oscillations with damping there is always a shift of the oscillation phase compared to the phase of the input disturbing force. It is shown that the induction vibration transducer reproduces the measured vibrations with small distortions only in a relatively narrow frequency region at frequencies of the input …


Mathematical Models And Calculation Of Parameters Of Optoelectronic Angular Displacement Converters, Yuriy Gennadyevich Shipulin, Azimjon Khusanov 2023 Tashkent State Technical University. Address: 2 Universitetskaya st., 100095, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan. E-mail: yuriyshipulin0243@gmail.com;

Mathematical Models And Calculation Of Parameters Of Optoelectronic Angular Displacement Converters, Yuriy Gennadyevich Shipulin, Azimjon Khusanov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The article discusses promising optoelectronic converters (OP) for wide application of angular movements. A methodology and diagram for calculating OP with the transverse movement of a moving element is presented; in order to simplify the calculation, the weight range of angular movements is conventionally divided into three sub ranges. A graph is given of the dependence of the area of the photosensitive surface of a photo resistor made from a single crystal of high-resistivity p-type silicon.


Improvement Of Calorimetric Quality Analyzers For Substances, Makhfuza Azimovna Radjabova 2023 Tashkent State Technical University. Address: 2 Universitetskaya st., 100095, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan. E-mail: maхfuza 4717@mail.ru, Phone: +998-90-316-47-17.

Improvement Of Calorimetric Quality Analyzers For Substances, Makhfuza Azimovna Radjabova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

It is noted that the development of intelligent means of measuring qualitative indices is of topical importance. Since the quality of many substances is determined by optical methods, an algorithm for spectrophotometric data processing has been developed, which consists of primary data processing (stage I) and determination of qualitative indices of liquid products (stage II). Since the task of numerical determination of colour characteristics of transmittance coefficients of liquid samples is incorrectly set, it is recommended to use regularization methods of A.N.Tikhonov to improve metrological characteristics of the device. On the basis of regularization methods for solving incorrect problems, algorithms …


Algorithms For Synthesis Of Adaptive Control Systems With A Customized Model Using The Speed Gradient Method, Jasur Sevinov, Oxunjon Boborayimov 2023 Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, Address: str. University-2, 100095 Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan, E-mail: sevinovjasur@gmail.com;

Algorithms For Synthesis Of Adaptive Control Systems With A Customized Model Using The Speed Gradient Method, Jasur Sevinov, Oxunjon Boborayimov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

Algorithms are considered for the synthesis of adaptive control systems with a customized model based on the speed gradient method. For the synthesis of adaptive control systems, the identification approach is based on obtaining estimates of the unknown parameters in the object. By calculating the speed gradient, identification algorithms with an explicit and implicit customized model were obtained as well as that in sliding modes. A joint solution is given to the interrelated problems of identifying parameters with insufficient current information. The position of an object is about assessing the state with insufficient a priori information about its parameters. This …


Improvements Of The Control System For The Technological Process Of Drying Bulk Materials, Azizbek Nodirbekovich, Dilmurod Ikromovich 2023 Tashkent State Technical University. Address: 2 Universitetskaya st., 100095, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan. E-mail: app-tgtu@mail.ru, Phone: +998-93-398-46-14;

Improvements Of The Control System For The Technological Process Of Drying Bulk Materials, Azizbek Nodirbekovich, Dilmurod Ikromovich

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The issues of convective drying of bulk materials as objects of monitoring, control and advanced management are presented based on the results of simulation modeling of a complex heat and mass transfer process, taking into account the drying kinetics. As a result of the work of a number of them, in the last few decades neat hypotheses were formed about moisture migration in and around dried materials, which led to the creation of accurate mathematical models of drying behavior, with successfully applied in a wide range of fields. The reasons for this are the dynamics of processes in the drying …


Application Of Quantum Algorithms In The Synthesis Of Dynamic Objects, Noilakhon Yakubova 2023 Tashkent State Technical University, Address: 2 Universitetskaya st., 100095, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan. E-mail: yakubova.noila@gmail.com, Phone: +998946853505.

Application Of Quantum Algorithms In The Synthesis Of Dynamic Objects, Noilakhon Yakubova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

Around the world, the food industry is focusing on achieving energy and resource efficiency. One of the main challenges in the field of process automation is the creation of effective control systems using intelligent technologies to improve the quality of processes and achieve the production of high-quality products with less energy and resources. Therefore, it is necessary to work with a large amount of data. Particular attention is paid to the development of computational algorithms for automated high-speed computational analysis systems for processing this data at high speed. Therefore, the article discusses the use of quantum computing methods in controlling …


System For Advanced Control Of Thermal Parameters Of Glass Furnaces, O'tkir Xolmanov 2023 Tashkent State Technical University. Address: 2 Universitetskaya st., 100095, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan. E-mail: xolmanov0902@mail.ru, Phone: +998-94-408-09-02.

System For Advanced Control Of Thermal Parameters Of Glass Furnaces, O'Tkir Xolmanov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The results of an analysis of the functioning of glass furnaces for melting semi-white or discolored glass as an object of automatic control and management are presented. Through experimental research, a parametric control scheme for a glass melting furnace was formed and a system for improved control of thermal glass melting processes was synthesized. The proposed system regulates the parameters of a furnace with a horseshoe-shaped flame development. Based on commercially produced instruments and automation equipment that ensure stabilization of thermal conditions of glass melting. The burner block control algorithm provides control over the performance of the gas burner, safety …


Intelligent Decision Support System, Khurshid Salim ugli Turayev 2023 Tashkent State Technical University. Address: 2 Universitetskaya st., 100095, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan. E-mail: app-tgtu@mail.ru, Phone: +998-90-325-85-55.

Intelligent Decision Support System, Khurshid Salim Ugli Turayev

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The article studies issues related to the development of intelligent systems located in an environment capable of perceiving this environment and acting autonomously to achieve assigned tasks. To create an intelligent process control system, it is necessary to monitor the mode to ensure high quality of finished products with minimal energy consumption at a given productivity of the entire complex. It is important to have a flow of input data to provide the system with operational information to support decision making.

The proposed intelligent control system makes it possible to analyze the results of production activities to make organizational and …


Life Cycle Management Of A Technological Complex For Separating Multicomponent Mixtures Under Conditions Of Uncertainty Of Parameters, Yusuf Shodievich Avazov 2023 Tashkent State Technical University. Address: 2 Universitetskaya st., 100095, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan. E-mail: yusufbek_avazov@mail.ru, Phone: +998946126708.

Life Cycle Management Of A Technological Complex For Separating Multicomponent Mixtures Under Conditions Of Uncertainty Of Parameters, Yusuf Shodievich Avazov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The issue of control the lifecycle of technological complexes of multicomponent mixtures is considered, taking into account the uncertainty of parameters. Among uncertainties such as parameter uncertainty, model uncertainty, choice uncertainty under variability, spatial variability uncertainty, temporal variability uncertainty, inter-site variability uncertainty, more attention is paid to input parameter uncertainty and action uncertainty. The rectification technology is schematically presented, the influence of parameter uncertainty on the technological functions of the rectification complex. The scheme analyzes the control and assessment of “uncertainty” to repeat the lifecycle of the rectification complex and make changes to the components of the rectification complex technology. …


Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia 2023 Brigham Young University

Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia

Journal of Nonprofit Innovation

Urban farming can enhance the lives of communities and help reduce food scarcity. This paper presents a conceptual prototype of an efficient urban farming community that can be scaled for a single apartment building or an entire community across all global geoeconomics regions, including densely populated cities and rural, developing towns and communities. When deployed in coordination with smart crop choices, local farm support, and efficient transportation then the result isn’t just sustainability, but also increasing fresh produce accessibility, optimizing nutritional value, eliminating the use of ‘forever chemicals’, reducing transportation costs, and fostering global environmental benefits.

Imagine Doris, who is …


Classification Of Oil Products According To The Nomenclature Of Goods, Kurbankul Mavlankulovych Karimkulov Profesor, Azoda Abdurahmanova 2023 Customs Institutem, Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

Classification Of Oil Products According To The Nomenclature Of Goods, Kurbankul Mavlankulovych Karimkulov Profesor, Azoda Abdurahmanova

Technical science and innovation

The article analyzes types of vegetable oils. Simple methods of determining their quality using liquid gas chromatography have been developed. Recommendations for improving the classification of foreign economic activity based on commodity nomenclature were developed and recommended for customs operations. “Fats and oils of animal, vegetable or microbiological origin and products of their breakdown; prepared edible fats; waxes of animal or vegetable origin” was called. Animal fats, including pork, beef, sheep, goat, fish and oils of animals such as marine mammals are classified according to the Nomenclature of Foreign Economic Activities of the Republic of Uzbekistan in commodity headings 1501-1506 …


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