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Bme Annual Report 2009-2010, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Florida International University 2010 Florida International University

Bme Annual Report 2009-2010, Department Of Biomedical Engineering, Florida International University

Biomedical Engineering Department Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


Development Towards A Protocol To Test For The Creation Of A “Diabetic” Environment In A Blood Vessel Mimic, Kaitlyn Kirk, development towards a protocol to test for the creation of a “diabetic” environment in a blood vessel mimic 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Development Towards A Protocol To Test For The Creation Of A “Diabetic” Environment In A Blood Vessel Mimic, Kaitlyn Kirk, Development Towards A Protocol To Test For The Creation Of A “Diabetic” Environment In A Blood Vessel Mimic

Biomedical Engineering

Diabetes mellitus affects a huge proportion of people; about 6% of the population in the US had diabetes in 2007 (16). Diabetes promotes dyslipidemia, an imbalance in the circulating levels of lipids and lipoproteins, and diabetes is one of the leading risk factors for coronary artery and peripheral vascular diseases (11, 51, 52). There are two types of diabetes; type 1 diabetes accounts for about 10% of diagnosed cases and type 2 accounts for about 90% (11). Diabetic patients react differently to stents and there is a great need to enhance the treatment. The goal of this project was, and ...


Antenna Development For Radio Frequency Hyperthermia Applications, Sergio Curto 2010 Technological University Dublin

Antenna Development For Radio Frequency Hyperthermia Applications, Sergio Curto

Doctoral

This thesis deals with the design steps, development and validation of an applicator for radio frequency hyperthermia cancer therapy. An applicator design to enhance targeted energy coupling is a key enabler for preferential temperature increments in tumour regions. A single-element, near-field approach requires a miniaturised solution, that addresses ergonomic needs and is tolerant to patient anatomy. The antenna war-field rriodality and the high-dielectric patient loading introduce significant analytical and computational resource challenges. The antenna input impedance has to be sufficiently insensitive to in-band resonant cletuning and the fields in the tissue can he targeted to selected areas in the patient ...


Epidermal Neural Crest Stem Cell (Epi-Ncsc)--Mediated Recovery Of Sensory Function In A Mouse Model Of Spinal Cord Injury, Yao Fei Hu, Krishnaj Gourab, Clive Wells, Oliver Clives, Brian D. Schmit, Maya Sieber-Blum 2010 Medical College of Wisconsin

Epidermal Neural Crest Stem Cell (Epi-Ncsc)--Mediated Recovery Of Sensory Function In A Mouse Model Of Spinal Cord Injury, Yao Fei Hu, Krishnaj Gourab, Clive Wells, Oliver Clives, Brian D. Schmit, Maya Sieber-Blum

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Here we show that epidermal neural crest stem cell (EPI-NCSC) transplants in the contused spinal cord caused a 24% improvement in sensory connectivity and a substantial recovery of touch perception. Furthermore we present a novel method for the ex vivo expansion of EPI-NCSC into millions of stem cells that takes advantage of the migratory ability of neural crest stem cells and is based on a new culture medium and the use of microcarriers. Functional improvement was shown by two independent methods, spinal somatosensory evoked potentials (SpSEP) and the Semmes-Weinstein touch test. Subsets of transplanted cells differentiated into myelinating oligodendrocytes. Unilateral ...


Dielectrophoretic Separation Of Mouse Melanoma Clones, Ahmet C. Sabuncu, Jie A. Liu, Stephen J. Beebe, Ali Beskok 2010 Old Dominion University

Dielectrophoretic Separation Of Mouse Melanoma Clones, Ahmet C. Sabuncu, Jie A. Liu, Stephen J. Beebe, Ali Beskok

Bioelectrics Publications

Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is employed to differentiate clones of mouse melanoma B16F10 cells. Five clones were tested on microelectrodes. At a specific excitation frequency, clone 1 showed a different DEP response than the other four. Growth rate, melanin content, recovery from cryopreservation, and in vitro invasive studies were performed. Clone 1 is shown to have significantly different melanin content and recovery rate from cryopreservation. This paper reports the ability of DEP to differentiate between two malignant cells of the same origin. Different DEP responses of the two clones could be linked to their melanin content.


Effect Of Simulated Visual Impairment On Nighttime Driving Performance, Joanne Wood, Alex Chaparro, Trent Carberry, Byoung Sun Chu 2010 Queensland University of Technology

Effect Of Simulated Visual Impairment On Nighttime Driving Performance, Joanne Wood, Alex Chaparro, Trent Carberry, Byoung Sun Chu

Publications

Purpose. This study investigated the effects of simulated visual impairment on nighttime driving performance and pedestrian recognition under real-road conditions.

Methods. Closed road nighttime driving performance was measured for 20 young visually normal participants (M = 27.5 +- 6.1 years) under three visual conditions: normal vision, simulated cataracts, and refractive blur that were incorporated in modified goggles. The visual acuity levels for the cataract and blur conditions were matched for each participant. Driving measures included sign recognition, avoidance of low contrast road hazards, time to complete the course, and lane keeping. Pedestrian recognition was measured for pedestrians wearing either black ...


The Gel Documentation System: A Cornerstone To The Implementation Of The Introduction To Biotechnology And Introduction To Bioinformatics Cross-Disciplinary Course Series, Marcy Kelly, Gregory Lampard, Constance Knapp 2010 Dyson College of Arts and Sciences, Pace University

The Gel Documentation System: A Cornerstone To The Implementation Of The Introduction To Biotechnology And Introduction To Bioinformatics Cross-Disciplinary Course Series, Marcy Kelly, Gregory Lampard, Constance Knapp

Cornerstone 3 Reports : Interdisciplinary Informatics

No abstract provided.


Frontal Plane Humeral Elevation Effects On The Pullout Strength Of Suture Anchors Used In Rotator Cuff Repair, Peter Joshua Larson 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Frontal Plane Humeral Elevation Effects On The Pullout Strength Of Suture Anchors Used In Rotator Cuff Repair, Peter Joshua Larson

Master's Theses

The rotator cuff offers the stabilizing forces necessary for fine arm movement. The most common injury to the rotator cuff is the partial or full thickness tear of the supraspinatus tendon, which attaches the humerus to the scapula on the superior side, due to an acute or chronic injury. These injuries account for more than 4.5 million physician visits per year. Depending on the degree of tear, arthroscopic surgery may be needed to reattach the torn tendon to the humeral head. The current preferred method of surgery involves the insertion of a suture anchor into the humeral head that ...


Cell-Mediated Elastic Matrix Regeneration Toward Regression Of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms, Carmen Gacchina 2010 Clemson University

Cell-Mediated Elastic Matrix Regeneration Toward Regression Of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms, Carmen Gacchina

All Dissertations

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are typically fusiform (symmetric) dilations of the aortic wall most commonly arising below the renal arteries. The progression is typically associated with an activated smooth muscle cell (SMC) phenotype, diminished density of mature medial elastic fibers, and an elevated presence of matrix-degrading enzymes (e.g., matrix-metalloproteases; MMPs), which may ultimately lead to vessel rupture. Currently, no surgical or non-surgical methods are available to regress AAAs via regeneration of new elastin matrices to regain normal vessel contour, particularly due to the inherently poor elastin synthesis by adult vascular cells and absence of methods to stimulate the same ...


Automation Of Anatomic Torsion Monitor For Evaluation And Improvement Of Low Back Dysfunction, Vishal Kumar Singh 2010 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Automation Of Anatomic Torsion Monitor For Evaluation And Improvement Of Low Back Dysfunction, Vishal Kumar Singh

Theses

The existing Anatomical Torsion Monitor (ATM) to evaluate mechanical stiffness and viscoelasticity of the low back suffers from various inherent defects. This has to be replaced by an improved device. Also the existing ATM cannot provide oscillations to the low back.

The main objective is to automate the existing ATM for evaluating the low back immediately using objective methods. The specific objective is to provide oscillations for improving the low back dysfunction.

The laser platform and the target chart for recording the readings are dispensed with the existing ATM. Instead, the ultrasound transducers are attached to the pads to record ...


Effects Of Monoclonal Anti-Abeta Antibodies On The Amyloid Beta Peptide Fibrillogenesis And Their Involvement In The Clearance Of Alzheimer's Disease Plaques, Jeffy Pilar Jimenez 2010 University of South Florida

Effects Of Monoclonal Anti-Abeta Antibodies On The Amyloid Beta Peptide Fibrillogenesis And Their Involvement In The Clearance Of Alzheimer's Disease Plaques, Jeffy Pilar Jimenez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of senile dementia worldwide. AD is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of memory and language skill, collapse of the cognitive function, and distortion of social behavior. As of today, the onset mechanisms of AD and cure are unknown; however, three hallmarks are commonly encountered: extra and intracellular accumulation of amyloid beta (A!) peptide plaques, formation of intracellular neurofibrillary tangles, and inevitable neuronal death. Hypothetically, a possible scenario provoking or involved in the onset of AD is a cascade effect that starts with an imbalance in the production and clearance ...


Axon Guided Axon Growth In Drg Neurons From The Spinal Cord Of Rat Embryos, Neha Jain 2010 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Axon Guided Axon Growth In Drg Neurons From The Spinal Cord Of Rat Embryos, Neha Jain

Theses

Early studies in the area of neuronal physiology and injury have shown that axons are guided by a number of physical as well as chemical cues. Although the guidance effect of initial axons and their processes on later axons has been shown from a development point of view, little light has been thrown on the subject from the injury point of view. This important ability of axons which plays a key role during development and formation of neuronal networks could become crucial in repairing damaged nerves and disrupted neuronal tracts.

In the following study, the guidance effect of an older ...


Exploiting The Concept Of Hysteresis In Ankle Dysfunction And Ankle Strengthening, Akshay Narendra Pujara 2010 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Exploiting The Concept Of Hysteresis In Ankle Dysfunction And Ankle Strengthening, Akshay Narendra Pujara

Theses

The ankle joint is an important part of the body which is responsible for normal gait cycle. Dorsiflexion, plantar flexion, inversion and eversion are four types of movements controlled by the ankle joint. All these movements are controlled by the ligaments and the muscles associated with the ankle. Disorders of these ligaments and muscles leads to ankle dysfunction.

The hysteresis concept was employed to determine if there is any ankle dysfunction. A recently developed device, the Ankle Torsion Monitor (AnTm) was employed to evaluate the viscoelasticity and stiffness of the ankle joint. The greater the hysteresis loop area (HLA) the ...


Comparison Between Different Techniques Of Preprocessing For Resting State Fmri Analysis, Megha Girdhar 2010 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Comparison Between Different Techniques Of Preprocessing For Resting State Fmri Analysis, Megha Girdhar

Theses

Resting state functional connectivity as the name suggests is defined as significant temporal correlation between spatially distinct regions of the brain during rest. In this thesis, fMRI resting state dataset was analyzed using different available processing techniques with the same fMRI data to study differences between the various methods. All the imaging data from each of the subjects was processed in an identical fashion. The same method was used for detecting connectivity. The number of independent components in the data was used as the base to differentiate the effect of each of these methods. Independent component analysis was performed on ...


Radiometric Bimolecular Beacons For Sensitive Detection Of Rna In Single Living Cells, Antony K. Chen, Olga Davydenko, Mark A. Behlke, Andrew Tsourkas 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Radiometric Bimolecular Beacons For Sensitive Detection Of Rna In Single Living Cells, Antony K. Chen, Olga Davydenko, Mark A. Behlke, Andrew Tsourkas

Departmental Papers (BE)

Numerous studies have utilized molecular beacons (MBs) to image RNA expression in living cells; however, there is growing evidence that the sensitivity of RNA detection is significantly hampered by their propensity to emit false-positive signals. To overcome these limitations, we have developed a new RNA imaging probe called ratiometric bimolecular beacon (RBMB), which combines functional elements of both conventional MBs and siRNA. Analogous to MBs, RBMBs elicit a fluorescent reporter signal upon hybridization to complementary RNA. In addition, an siRNA-like doublestranded domain is used to facilitate nuclear export. Accordingly, live-cell fluorescent imaging showed that RBMBs are localized predominantly in the ...


Molecular Mechanism Of The Glycosylation Step Catalyzed By Golgi Α-Mannosidase Ii: A Qm/Mm Metadynamics Investigation, Luis Petersen, Albert Ardèvol, Carme Rovira, Peter J. Reilly 2010 Iowa State University

Molecular Mechanism Of The Glycosylation Step Catalyzed By Golgi Α-Mannosidase Ii: A Qm/Mm Metadynamics Investigation, Luis Petersen, Albert Ardèvol, Carme Rovira, Peter J. Reilly

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Golgi α-mannosidase II (GMII), a member of glycoside hydrolase family 38, cleaves two mannosyl residues from GlcNAcMan5GlcNAc2 as part of the N-linked glycosylation pathway. To elucidate the molecular and electronic details of the reaction mechanism, in particular the conformation of the substrate at the transition state, we performed quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics metadynamics simulations of the glycosylation reaction catalyzed by GMII. The calculated free energy of activation for mannosyl glycosylation (23 kcal/mol) agrees very well with experiments, as does the conformation of the glycon mannosyl ring in the product of the glycosylation reaction (the covalent intermediate ...


Injectable Hydrogel Properties Influence Infarct Expansion And Extent Of Postinfarction Left Ventricular Remodeling In An Ovine Model, Jamie L. Ifkovits, Elena Tous, Masahito Minakawa, J. Daniel Robb, Kevin J. Koomalsingh, Joseph H. Gorman III, Robert C. Gorman, Jason A. Burdick 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Injectable Hydrogel Properties Influence Infarct Expansion And Extent Of Postinfarction Left Ventricular Remodeling In An Ovine Model, Jamie L. Ifkovits, Elena Tous, Masahito Minakawa, J. Daniel Robb, Kevin J. Koomalsingh, Joseph H. Gorman Iii, Robert C. Gorman, Jason A. Burdick

Departmental Papers (BE)

A recent trend has emerged that involves myocardial injection of biomaterials, containing cells or acellular, following myocardial infarction (MI) to influence the remodeling response through both biological and mechanical effects. Despite the number of different materials injected in these approaches, there has been little investigation into the importance of material properties on therapeutic outcomes. This work focuses on the investigation of injectable hyaluronic acid (MeHA) hydrogels that have tunable mechanics and gelation behavior. Specifically, two MeHA formulations that exhibit similar degradation and tissue distribution upon injection but have differential moduli (∼8 versus ∼43 kPa) were injected into a clinically relevant ...


Interplay Of Extrinsic And Intrinsic Cues In Cell-Fate Decisions, Santhosh Palani 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Interplay Of Extrinsic And Intrinsic Cues In Cell-Fate Decisions, Santhosh Palani

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

A cell’s decision making process is coordinated by dynamic interplay between its extracellular environment and its intracellular milieu. For example, during stem cell differentiation, fate decisions are believed to be ultimately controlled by differential expression of lineage-specific transcription factors, but cytokine receptor signals also play a crucial instructive role in addition to providing permissive proliferation and survival cues.

Here, we present a minimal computational framework that integrates the intrinsic and extrinsic regulatory elements implicated in the commitment of hematopoietic progenitor cells to mature red blood cells (Chapter 2). Our model highlights the importance of bidirectional interactions between cytokine receptors ...


Polymersomes: Multi-Functional Tools For In Vivo Cancer Theranostic Applications, Dalia H. Levine 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Polymersomes: Multi-Functional Tools For In Vivo Cancer Theranostic Applications, Dalia H. Levine

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

POLYMERSOMES: MULTI-FUNCTIONAL TOOLS FOR IN VIVO CANCER THERANOSTIC APPLICATIONS

Dalia Hope Levine

Dr. Daniel A. Hammer

Nanoparticles are currently being developed as delivery vehicles for therapeutic and contrast imaging agents. Polymersomes (mesoscopic polymer vesicles) possess a number of attractive biomaterial properties, including greater biocompatibility, prolonged circulation times, and increased mechanical stability, that make them ideal for these applications. The polymersome architecture, with its large hydrophilic reservoir and thick hydrophobic lamellar membrane, provides significant storage capacity for water soluble and insoluble substances.

The primary thesis aims are to develop multi-functional polymersomes for combination therapeutic applications, as well as simultaneous therapeutic ...


Statistical Medial Model Dor Cardiac Segmentation And Morphometry, Hui Sun 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Statistical Medial Model Dor Cardiac Segmentation And Morphometry, Hui Sun

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In biomedical image analysis, shape information can be utilized for many purposes. For example, irregular shape features can help identify diseases; shape features can help match different instances of anatomical structures for statistical comparison; and prior knowledge of the mean and possible variation of an anatomical structure's shape can help segment a new example of this structure in noisy, low-contrast images. A good shape representation helps to improve the performance of the above techniques. The overall goal of the proposed research is to develop and evaluate methods for representing shapes of anatomical structures. The medial model is a shape ...


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