Vegetation Mapping Of Mammoth Cave National Park Using Multi-Date Landsat-8 Imagery And Lidar Data, 2016 Geosciences

#### Vegetation Mapping Of Mammoth Cave National Park Using Multi-Date Landsat-8 Imagery And Lidar Data, Hongli Yang, Robin Q. Zhang

*Scholars Week*

Up-to-date and detailed vegetation map provides critical information for habitat management. In addition, a vegetation map is necessary for the Park’s Fire Management, for classification of fuel types, and for delineation of fire management units. There have been several attempts of vegetation mapping in 1934, 1975 and 1997. Recent advancements in mapping technology and the availability of high resolution Lidar data call for a new vegetation map for the Park’s management team.

In this study, Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) imagery, Lidar and geology dataset were applied to vegetation mapping. Habitat types are determined by a combination of ...

Integration Of Lidar And Imagery To Delineated Water Bodies For Change Detection, 2016 Murray State University

#### Integration Of Lidar And Imagery To Delineated Water Bodies For Change Detection, Ashley E. Casselberry, Cetin Haluk

*Scholars Week*

Through integration of Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data and high spatial imagery, it is plausible to delineate the bodies of water in order to monitor their changes in size. The purpose of this study is to integrate two different sets of LiDAR data, several multi-date high spatial resolution National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) images, and multi-dateLandsat-8 satellite images of Ballard County, Kentucky for the delineation of the water bodies in the County. Accuracy and precision of the datasets in terms of spatial and spectral resolutions will be examined. The hypothesis is that an integration of such datasets would provide ...

Generalized Least-Powers Regressions I: Bivariate Regressions, 2016 CUNY Kingsborough Community College

#### Generalized Least-Powers Regressions I: Bivariate Regressions, Nataniel Greene

*Publications and Research*

The bivariate theory of generalized least-squares is extended here to least-powers. The bivariate generalized least-powers problem of order *p* seeks a line which minimizes the average generalized mean of the absolute *p*th power deviations between the data and the line. Least-squares regressions utilize second order moments of the data to construct the regression line whereas least-powers regressions use moments of order *p* to construct the line. The focus is on even values of *p*, since this case admits analytic solution methods for the regression coefficients. A numerical example shows generalized least-powers methods performing comparably to generalized least-squares methods, but ...

Family-Friendly Science: Increasing Family Engagement In Stem Education, 2016 Bowling Green State University

#### Family-Friendly Science: Increasing Family Engagement In Stem Education, Alison Bixler

*Honors Projects*

Family engagement is vital to a child’s success in his or her academic career. Current research has focused more specifically on the relationship between parent engagement in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education and a student’s success in his or her STEM education. This paper is a summary of present research pertaining to this topic, as well as a summary of the results of a field-based study the author and faculty mentors completed to learn more about methods for engaging families in STEM education, particularly in the area of science. Present research indicates that a successful method ...

Newsvendor Models With Monte Carlo Sampling, 2016 East Tennessee State University

#### Newsvendor Models With Monte Carlo Sampling, Ijeoma W. Ekwegh

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Newsvendor Models with Monte Carlo Sampling by Ijeoma Winifred Ekwegh The newsvendor model is used in solving inventory problems in which demand is random. In this thesis, we will focus on a method of using Monte Carlo sampling to estimate the order quantity that will either maximizes revenue or minimizes cost given that demand is uncertain. Given data, the Monte Carlo approach will be used in sampling data over scenarios and also estimating the probability density function. A bootstrapping process yields an empirical distribution for the order quantity that will maximize the expected proﬁt. Finally, this method will be used ...

Lifetime Prevalence Of Non-Melanoma And Melanoma Skin Cancer In Australian Recreational And Competitive Surfers, 2016 Bond University, Sydney University

#### Lifetime Prevalence Of Non-Melanoma And Melanoma Skin Cancer In Australian Recreational And Competitive Surfers, Michael Climstein, James Furness, Wayne Hing, Joe Walsh

*Wayne Hing*

Background/Purpose Surfing is one of the most popular outdoor aquatic activities in Australia with an estimated 2.7 million recreational surfers; however, Australia has long been recognized as having the highest incidence of melanoma in the world, and it is the most common type of cancer in young Australians. The aim of this study was to investigate the lifetime prevalence of non-melanoma [basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)] and melanoma skin cancers in Australian recreational and competitive surfers. Methods Australian surfers were invited to complete an online surveillance survey to determine the lifetime prevalence of non-melanoma and ...

Reducing Pollen Dispersal Using Forest Windbreaks, 2016 University of Connecticut - Storrs

#### Reducing Pollen Dispersal Using Forest Windbreaks, Carol Auer, Thomas Meyer, Vernie Sagun

*Plant Science Articles*

The adoption of genetically engineered (GE) crops has created a demand for practical methods to mitigate pollen dispersal and gene flow. The goal of this project was to measure the ability of a narrow forest windbreak to reduce downwind pollen fluxes from switchgrass (*Panicum virgatum* L.), a North American grass and model biofuels feedstock. Switchgrass fields were established in two identical plots where one had a forest windbreak and the other was in an open (control) site. Switchgrass reproduction, pollen dispersal, wind speed, and wind direction were measured over two years. Daily release of switchgrass pollen peaked at 11:00-13 ...

Comparison Of Combustion Efficiency To In-Situ Atmospheric Ammonia Measurements From A Miniature Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer In The La Basin, 2016 Chapman University

#### Comparison Of Combustion Efficiency To In-Situ Atmospheric Ammonia Measurements From A Miniature Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer In The La Basin, Taylor Krause, Barry L. Lefer, Timothy H. Betram, Steven R. Schill

*Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters*

Atmospheric ammonia (NH_{3}) has been shown to impact the environment and threaten both human and animal health, especially in heavily populated urban areas, yet to date there remains a paucity of direct measurements. Recent studies have suggested that ammonia may be generated as a byproduct of fossil fuel emissions due to highly active catalytic converters in light-duty gasoline vehicles. To investigate this relationship, an airborne miniature Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer (miniCIMS) was used to directly measure atmospheric ammonia and combustion reaction products in the Southern California LA Basin, during the 2015 NASA Student Airborne Research Program (SARP). The temporal ...

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Forensic Chemical Analysis Of Synthetic Cathinones Using Portable Mass Spectrometric Instrumentation, 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Forensic Chemical Analysis Of Synthetic Cathinones Using Portable Mass Spectrometric Instrumentation, Caitlin N. Cain

*Undergraduate Research Posters*

Forensic laboratories face issues with large backlogs on evidence needing to be analyzed is due to two reasons: budgeting issues and the emergence of designer drugs. Currently, forensic laboratory directors cite that there are a shortage of scientists to deal with the yearly increase in caseloads. Additionally, designer drugs like synthetic cathinones, commonly known as “bath salts,” have increased the backlog due to the changing chemical compositions and misidentification as other compounds. Therefore, the use of a portable mass spectrometer for on-site forensic chemical analysis of synthetic cathinones would reduce the backlog of suspected controlled substances in forensic chemistry laboratories ...

Zipping Towards Stem: Simulation Wind Tunnel, 2016 University of Akron Honors College Student

#### Zipping Towards Stem: Simulation Wind Tunnel, Devon A. Goldberg, Emma Pierson, Brandon Hein, Jeremy Hein, Greg Flohr

*Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects*

The simulation wind tunnel program created for this project is implemented within a larger, National Science Foundation funded project titled *Zipping Towards STEM: Integrating Engineering Design into the Middle School Physical Science Curriculum*. Over the course of the next two years, all Akron Public School 8th grade students will go through the *Zipping Towards STEM* project curriculum. The students will be exposed to the typical steps of engineering design (computer modeling, simulation, building, and testing) and learn about the fundamentals of aerodynamics through the design of their own Soap Box Derby mini-cars. The virtual wind tunnel will be used during ...

#### The Cost Of Karst Subsidence And Sinkhole Collapse In The United States Compared With Other Natural Hazards, David J. Weary

*Sinkhole Conference 2015*

Rocks with potential for karst formation are found in all 50 states. Damage due to karst subsidence and sinkhole collapse is a natural hazard of national scope. Repair of damage to buildings, highways, and other infrastructure represents a significant national cost. Sparse and incomplete data show that the average cost of karst-related damages in the United States over the last 15 years is estimated to be at least $300,000,000 per year and the actual total is probably much higher. This estimate is lower than the estimated annual costs for other natural hazards; flooding, hurricanes and cyclonic storms, tornadoes ...

Geometric Constructions From An Algebraic Perspective, 2015 California State University-San Bernardino

#### Geometric Constructions From An Algebraic Perspective, Betzabe Bojorquez

*Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations*

Many topics that mathematicians study at times seem so unrelated such as Geometry and Abstract Algebra. These two branches of math would seem unrelated at first glance. I will try to bridge Geometry and Abstract Algebra just a bit with the following topics. We can be sure that after we construct our basic parallel and perpendicular lines, bisected angles, regular polygons, and other basic geometric figures, we are actually constructing what in geometry is simply stated and accepted, because it will be proven using abstract algebra. Also we will look at many classic problems in Geometry that are not possible ...

Temperature Dependent Surface Reconstruction Of Freely Suspended Films Of 4-N-Heptyloxybenzylidene-4-N-Heptylaniline, 2015 Lawrence University

#### Temperature Dependent Surface Reconstruction Of Freely Suspended Films Of 4-N-Heptyloxybenzylidene-4-N-Heptylaniline, Daniel E. Martinez Zambrano

*Lawrence University Honors Projects*

Surfaces of freely suspended thick films of 4-n-heptyloxybenzylidene-4-n-heptylaniline (7O.7) in the crystalline-B phase have been imaged using non-contact mode atomic force microscopy. Steps are observed on the surface of the film with a height of 3.0 +/- 0.1 nm corresponding to the upright molecular length of 7O.7. In addition, we find that the step width varies with temperature between 56 and 59 degrees C. The steps are many times wider than the molecular length, suggesting that the steps are not on the surface but instead originate from edge dislocations in the interior. Using a strain model for ...

Analysis Of Synthetic Cannabinoids By Direct Analysis In Real Time Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry And Gas Chromatography Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, 2015 Florida International University

#### Analysis Of Synthetic Cannabinoids By Direct Analysis In Real Time Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry And Gas Chromatography Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, Tyler S. Torbet

*FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of direct analysis in real time quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry and gas chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry in the analysis of 162 different synthetic cannabinoids. Direct analysis in real time quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry is shown to be a rapid and accurate analytical method for synthetic cannabinoids. Spectra can be generated with less than 1.5 ng of the drug in under a minute and be successfully searched against previously generated ESI-QTOF libraries in most cases (118/130 drugs tested) as well as can also be applied to the identification ...

Solid Angle Subtended By A Beam With Rectangular Profile Given The Horizontal & Vertical Beam Angles, 2015 M.M.M. University of Technology, Gorakhpur-273010 (UP) India

#### Solid Angle Subtended By A Beam With Rectangular Profile Given The Horizontal & Vertical Beam Angles, Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot Hcr

*Harish Chandra Rajpoot H.C. Rajpoot*

All the articles discussed & analysed here are useful for calculating the important parameters such as solid angle subtended by the beam at the point-source, total area intercepted by the beam with a spherical surface & cone angle of equivalent beam with circular section. These formula are very useful for replacing the rectangular profile by circular profile of a beam emitted by a uniform point-source & vice versa without any change in the total radiation energy/luminous flux associated with the original beam (having either rectangular or circular profile). Thus the articles discussed & analysed here are very useful for the analysis of radiation ...

Gal: A Stepwise Model For Automated Cloud Shadow Detection In Hico Oceanic Imagery Utilizing Guided Filter, Pixel Assignment, And Geometric Linking, 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

#### Gal: A Stepwise Model For Automated Cloud Shadow Detection In Hico Oceanic Imagery Utilizing Guided Filter, Pixel Assignment, And Geometric Linking, Jennerpher Renee Meyers

*Dissertations*

Detection of cloud shadow pixels is an important step in image processing in several remote sensing ocean-color application domains, such as obtaining chlorophyll content. While shadow detection algorithms do exist, the vast majority are for over land which leaves few options for detection over water.

The detection of cloud shadow over water in HICO imagery is a unique problem. As its name implies, HICO (Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean) imagery is produced for coastal and oceanic regions. Since land based algorithms remove water before processing, these approaches would not be applicable. The only currently published HICO shadow pixel detection ...

Accuracy Of Supervised Classification Of Cropland In Sub–Saharan Africa, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

#### Accuracy Of Supervised Classification Of Cropland In Sub–Saharan Africa, Sarah Lynn Lewis-Gonzales

*Masters Theses*

Mali is a country in sub–Saharan Africa where monitoring of cropped land area would greatly benefit food security initiatives and aid organizations. More importantly village–scale studies on cropped land are fundamental to making a difference in the way we look at cropped land area and food availability in this region of the world. Using Landsat surface reflectance imagery and World View–2 derived labeled data, this study focuses on accuracy of supervised classification methods while addressing various levels of scale. Several classification methods are taken into account to determine the best method possible to produce cropped area estimates ...

Book Review: How To Bake Pi: An Edible Exploration Of The Mathematics Of Mathematics, 2015 Gettysburg College

#### Book Review: How To Bake Pi: An Edible Exploration Of The Mathematics Of Mathematics, Darren B. Glass

*Math Faculty Publications*

If you think about it, mathematics is really just one big analogy. For one example, the very concept of the number three is an drawing an analogy between a pile with three rocks, a collection of three books, and a plate with three carrots on it. For another, the idea of a group is drawing an analogy between adding real numbers, multiplying matrices, and many other mathematical structures. So much of what we do as mathematicians involves abstracting concrete things, and what is abstraction other than a big analogy? [*excerpt*]