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Mass Additivity And A Priori Entailment, Kelvin J. McQueen 2015 Chapman University

Mass Additivity And A Priori Entailment, Kelvin J. Mcqueen

Philosophy Faculty Articles and Research

The principle of mass additivity states that the mass of a composite object is the sum of the masses of its elementary components. Mass additivity is true in Newtonian mechanics but false in special relativity. Physicists have explained why mass additivity is true in Newtonian mechanics by reducing it to Newton’s microphysical laws. This reductive explanation does not fit well with deducibility theories of reductive explanation such as the modern Nagelian theory of reduction, and the a priori entailment theory of reduction that is prominent in the philosophy of mind. Nonetheless, I argue that a reconstruction of the explanation ...


Robust Optimality Of Gaussian Noise Stability, Elchanan Mossel, Joe Neeman 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Robust Optimality Of Gaussian Noise Stability, Elchanan Mossel, Joe Neeman

Statistics Papers

We prove that under the Gaussian measure, half-spaces are uniquely the most noise stable sets. We also prove a quantitative version of uniqueness, showing that a set which is almost optimally noise stable must be close to a half-space. This extends a theorem of Borell, who proved the same result but without uniqueness, and it also answers a question of Ledoux, who asked whether it was possible to prove Borell’s theorem using a direct semigroup argument. Our quantitative uniqueness result has various applications in diverse fields.


Inżynieria Chemiczna Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Inżynieria Chemiczna Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Tematyka Prac Doktorskich, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Tematyka Prac Doktorskich, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Additional Results For "Joint Entropy Of Continuously Differentiable Ultrasonic Waveforms" [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 133(1), 283-300 (2013)], M S. Hughes, J N. Marsh, S A. Wickline, John E. McCarthy 2015 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Additional Results For "Joint Entropy Of Continuously Differentiable Ultrasonic Waveforms" [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 133(1), 283-300 (2013)], M S. Hughes, J N. Marsh, S A. Wickline, John E. Mccarthy

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Previous results on the use of joint entropy for detection of targeted nanoparticles accumulating in the neovasculature of MDA435 tumors [Fig. 7 of M. S. Hughes et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 133, 283–300 (2013)] are extended, with sensitivity improving by nearly another factor of 2. This result is obtained using a “quasi-optimal” reference waveform in the computation of the joint entropy imaging technique used to image the accumulating nanoparticles.


Topological Complexity In Protein Structures, Erica Flapan, Gabriella Heller '14 2015 Pomona College

Topological Complexity In Protein Structures, Erica Flapan, Gabriella Heller '14

Pomona Faculty Publications and Research

For DNA molecules, topological complexity occurs exclusively as the result of knotting or linking of the polynucleotide backbone. By contrast, while a few knots and links have been found within the polypeptide backbones of some protein structures, non-planarity can also result from the connectivity between a polypeptide chain and inter- and intra-chain linking via cofactors and disulfide bonds. In this article, we survey the known types of knots, links, and non-planar graphs in protein structures with and without including such bonds and cofactors. Then we present new examples of protein structures containing Möbius ladders and other non-planar graphs as a ...


Axial Vibrations Of Brass Wind Instrument Bells And Their Acoustical Influence: Experiments, Thomas R. Moore, Britta R. Gorman, Michelle Rokni, Wilfried Kausel, Vasileios Chatziioannou 2015 Department of Physics, Rollins College

Axial Vibrations Of Brass Wind Instrument Bells And Their Acoustical Influence: Experiments, Thomas R. Moore, Britta R. Gorman, Michelle Rokni, Wilfried Kausel, Vasileios Chatziioannou

Faculty Publications

It has recently been proposed that the effects of structural vibrations on the radiated sound ofbrass wind instruments may be attributable to axial modes of vibration with mode shapes that contain no radial nodes [Kausel, Chatziioannou, Moore, Gorman, and Rokni, J. Acoust. Soc. Am.137, 3149–3162 (2015)]. Results of experiments are reported that support this theory. Mechanical measurements of a trumpet bell demonstrate that these axial modes do exist inbrass wind instruments. The quality factor of the mechanical resonances can be on the order of 10 or less, making them broad enough to encompass the frequency range of previously ...


Sfa Weather Station-January 2015, Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University 2015 Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University

Sfa Weather Station-January 2015, Arthur Temple College Of Forestry And Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University

Weather Station Data

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Spatial Patterns Of Soil Hydraulic Conductivity And Depth On Local And Hillslope Scale Shallow Water Table Dynamics, Casey E. Ryan 2015 University of Montana - Missoula

The Effect Of Spatial Patterns Of Soil Hydraulic Conductivity And Depth On Local And Hillslope Scale Shallow Water Table Dynamics, Casey E. Ryan

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Much research in forested headwater catchments has focused on the role of topography for organizing subsurface flow and the hydrologic connectivity of upland flow paths to stream networks. However, little work has been conducted to evaluate how localized and hillslope scale patterns of hydraulic conductivity and soil depth contribute to spatial patterns of water table duration, magnitude, and connectivity. I monitored shallow groundwater dynamics in wells distributed across a 1st order hillslope in the Lubrecht Experimental Forest, Montana. Additionally, I collected in-situ measurements of soil saturated hydraulic conductivity and soil depth at 10m intervals across the study hillslope and compared ...


Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2014 Wroclaw University of Technology

Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


On A Combined Adaptive Tetrahedral Tracing And Edge Diffraction Model, Carl R. Hart 2014 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

On A Combined Adaptive Tetrahedral Tracing And Edge Diffraction Model, Carl R. Hart

Architectural Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

A major challenge in architectural acoustics is the unification of diffraction models and geometric acoustics. For example, geometric acoustics is insufficient to quantify the scattering characteristics of acoustic diffusors. One method of quantifying the scattering characteristics of acoustic diffusers is through computational prediction, typically via the time-independent boundary element method (BEM). In contrast, time-domain computations are of interest for characterizing both the spatial and temporal scattering characteristics of acoustic diffusors. Hence, a method is sought that predicts acoustic scattering in the time-domain. A prediction method, which combines an advanced image source method and an edge diffraction model, is investigated for ...


Forecasting Longitudinal Changes In Oropharyngeal Tumor Volume, Position, And Morphology During Image-Guided Radiation Therapy, Adam D. Yock 2014 The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Forecasting Longitudinal Changes In Oropharyngeal Tumor Volume, Position, And Morphology During Image-Guided Radiation Therapy, Adam D. Yock

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

The purpose of this work was to generate, evaluate, and compare models that predict longitudinal changes in oropharyngeal tumor volume, position, and morphology during radiation therapy.

One volume, one position, and two morphology (size, shape, and position) feature vectors were used to describe 35 oropharyngeal gross tumor volumes (GTVs) during radiation therapy. The two morphology feature vectors comprised the coordinates of the GTV centroids and one of two shape descriptors. One shape descriptor was based on radial distances between the GTV centroid and 614 surface landmarks. The other was based on a spherical harmonic decomposition of these distances. For a ...


Performance Evaluation Of Material Decomposition Using Rapid Kvp-Switching Dual-Energy Ct For Assessing Bone Mineral Density, John M. Wait 2014 The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Performance Evaluation Of Material Decomposition Using Rapid Kvp-Switching Dual-Energy Ct For Assessing Bone Mineral Density, John M. Wait

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Osteoporosis is diagnosed by assessing the bone mineral density (BMD) of the trabecular bone, and has previously been characterized with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or single-energy computed tomography (SECT). Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) is able to create two three-dimensional sets of images representing the densities of two materials in a given basis pair. DECT is theoretically capable of providing a true density measurement of trabecular bone material with the proper material basis pair.

Using the rapid kVp-switching GE HD750 scanner, the concentrations of various solutes were assessed in two-material syringe-phantoms in different experimental conditions with DECT material density images, SECT ...


Study Of Oil-Mineral Interactions By Atomic Force Spectroscopy, Jeffrey S. Knox 2014 College of William and Mary

Study Of Oil-Mineral Interactions By Atomic Force Spectroscopy, Jeffrey S. Knox

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In many reservoirs, oil recovery is limited by the tendency of oil to adhere to surrounding mineral surfaces. Modern injection well techniques force fluids into the reservoir to enhance recovery by raising the hydrostatic pressure, but still leave behind a significant amount of the oil. Attractive intermolecular forces, especially van der Waals forces, are responsible for these inefficiencies; however, the relative strength of electrostatic repulsion in the solution also plays a role. This study seeks to maximize oil recovery by determining the factors that lead to adhesion at the nanoscale, thus allowing for optimized recovery techniques to be employed.

Atomic ...


Identification Of Slums In Mumbai, India: Unsupervised Classification Techniques, Ani St. Amand 2014 University of Southern Maine

Identification Of Slums In Mumbai, India: Unsupervised Classification Techniques, Ani St. Amand

Thinking Matters Symposium Archive

Slums are contiguous settlements. Inhabitants lack access to safe water, sanitation and sewage infrastructure, secure housing tenure, uncrowded living space, and permanent, durable housing. Addressing these problematic trends begins with identifying contiguous settlements within Mumbai’s urban fabric. Classifications can be performed using satellite images and remote sensing techniques to yield accurate results. Through literature reviews, socio-cultural analysis, and examination of high resolution satellite imagery, this project aims to develop a systematic, accessible, and reproducible method of classifying Mumbai’s slums.


Impact Testing Of Youth-Level Helmets Versus College-Level Helmets, Nicole Hermann 2014 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Impact Testing Of Youth-Level Helmets Versus College-Level Helmets, Nicole Hermann

Industrial Technology and Packaging

With so many studies being conducted on professional football players regarding concussions and other related brain injuries, it’s amazing that such an important demographic has been missed. While NFL players are just as subjected to serious injuries as anyone else or even more so, it is important to remember that these players are outfitted, in most cases, with top-of-the-line equipment -- especially their helmets. If the focus is shifted to a younger demographic, youth football players in middle school and high school, the equipment is far less advanced and in a vast majority of cases, has been previously used by ...


Product Review: Knimbus: Free Personal Edition, Laura Pope Robbins 2014 Dowling College

Product Review: Knimbus: Free Personal Edition, Laura Pope Robbins

Publications

Laura Pope Robbins is an advisor for The Charleston Advisor, and the review below is included in Scholarly Commons with the permission of the publisher.

Knimbus is both a search engine and a collaborative platform for scientists to find the information they need and connect them with other researchers in their field. As a search engine it provides a federated search of 32 Open Access resources and connects the researcher to the full text. As a collaborative platform, it provides a way for scientists to upload their documents and share them with their colleagues. Knimbus is an enterprising project that ...


Benjamin Banneker's Original Handwritten Document: Observations And Study Of The Cicada, Janet E. Barber, Asamoah Nkwanta 2014 Morgan State University

Benjamin Banneker's Original Handwritten Document: Observations And Study Of The Cicada, Janet E. Barber, Asamoah Nkwanta

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

Benjamin Banneker, farmer, mathematician, astronomer, and scientist, is known for his mathematical puzzles, ephemeris calculations, almanacs, his wooden clock, land surveying work, and famous letter on human rights. However, as a naturalist, his scientific and systematic observations of the cicadas are less known. In this paper we publicize Banneker’s naturalistic study of the seventeen-year periodic cycle of the cicada and make available the original handwritten document of his observations. We also introduce the audience of this journal to an intriguing natural problem involving prime numbers.


Geometric Influences Ii: Correlation Inequalities And Noise Sensitivity, Nathan Keller, Elchanan Mossel, Arnab Sen 2014 Bar Ilan University

Geometric Influences Ii: Correlation Inequalities And Noise Sensitivity, Nathan Keller, Elchanan Mossel, Arnab Sen

Statistics Papers

In a recent paper, we presented a new definition of influences in product spaces of continuous distributions, and showed that analogues of the most fundamental results on discrete influences, such as the KKL theorem, hold for the new definition in Gaussian space. In this paper we prove Gaussian analogues of two of the central applications of influences: Talagrand’s lower bound on the correlation of increasing subsets of the discrete cube, and the Benjamini–Kalai–Schramm (BKS) noise sensitivity theorem. We then use the Gaussian results to obtain analogues of Talagrand’s bound for all discrete probability spaces and to ...


Termodynamika Procesowa I Techniczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2014 Wroclaw University of Technology

Termodynamika Procesowa I Techniczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


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