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Smart Underground Antenna Arrays: A Soil Moisture Adaptive Beamforming Approach, Abdul Salam, Mehmet C. Vuran 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Smart Underground Antenna Arrays: A Soil Moisture Adaptive Beamforming Approach, Abdul Salam, Mehmet C. Vuran

CSE Technical reports

In this paper, a novel framework for underground beamforming using adaptive antenna arrays is presented. Based on the analysis of propagation in wireless underground channel, a theoretical model is developed which uses soil moisture information and feedback mechanism to improve performance wireless underground communications. Array element in soil has been analyzed empirically and impacts of soil type and soil moisture on return loss and resonant frequency are investigated. Beam patterns are investigated to communicate with both underground and above ground devices. Depending on the incident angle, refraction from soil-air interface has the adverse effects in the UG communications. It is ...


Correcting Pedestrian Dead Reckoning With Monte Carlo Localization Boxed For Indoor Navigation, Akira T. Murphy 2017 Colby College

Correcting Pedestrian Dead Reckoning With Monte Carlo Localization Boxed For Indoor Navigation, Akira T. Murphy

Honors Theses

Localization of phones is a ubiquitous part of the modern mobile electronics landscape. However, there are many situations where the current method of networked localization fails. A Pedestrian Dead Reckoning System where the location of the user is calculated by counting the steps and direction of the user was implemented as an iOS app with python for data analysis. A novel algorithm for wireless sensor localization using Ad-Hoc Bluetooth networks was proposed. A small experiment was performed proving that the system is nearly equal to state of the art algorithms.


Gradient Descent Localization In Wireless Sensor Networks, Nuha A.S. Alwan, Zahir M. Hussain 2017 Edith Cowan University

Gradient Descent Localization In Wireless Sensor Networks, Nuha A.S. Alwan, Zahir M. Hussain

ECU Publications Post 2013

Meaningful information sharing between the sensors of a wireless sensor network (WSN) necessitates node localization, especially if the information to be shared is the location itself, such as in warehousing and information logistics. Trilateration and multilateration positioning methods can be employed in two-dimensional and threedimensional space respectively. These methods use distance measurements and analytically estimate the target location; they suffer from decreased accuracy and computational complexity especially in the three-dimensional case. Iterative optimization methods, such as gradient descent (GD), offer an attractive alternative and enable moving target tracking as well. This chapter focuses on positioning in three dimensions using time-of-arrival ...


On Leveraging Multi-Path Transport In Mobile Networks, Yeon-sup Lim 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

On Leveraging Multi-Path Transport In Mobile Networks, Yeon-Sup Lim

Doctoral Dissertations

Multi-Path TCP (MPTCP) is a new transport protocol that enables mobile devices to simultaneously use several physical paths through multiple network interfaces. MPTCP is particularly useful for mobile devices, which usually have multiple wireless interfaces such as IEEE 802.11 (WiFi), cellular (3G/LTE), and Bluetooth. However, applying MPTCP to mobile devices introduces new concerns since they operate in harsh environments with resource constraints due to intermittent path availability and limited power supply. The goal of this thesis is to resolve these problems so as to be able to practically deploy MPTCP in mobile devices.

The first part of the ...


Preliminary Investigation Of Walking Motion Using A Combination Of Image And Signal Processing, Bradley Schneider, Tanvi Banerjee 2016 Wright State University - Main Campus

Preliminary Investigation Of Walking Motion Using A Combination Of Image And Signal Processing, Bradley Schneider, Tanvi Banerjee

Kno.e.sis Publications

We present the results of analyzing gait motion in first-person video taken from a commercially available wearable camera embedded in a pair of glasses. The video is analyzed with three different computer vision methods to extract motion vectors from different gait sequences from four individuals for comparison against a manually annotated ground truth dataset. Using a combination of signal processing and computer vision techniques, gait features are extracted to identify the walking pace of the individual wearing the camera as well as validated using the ground truth dataset. Our preliminary results indicate that the extraction of activity from the video ...


Android Drone: Remote Quadcopter Control With A Phone, Aubrey John Russell 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Android Drone: Remote Quadcopter Control With A Phone, Aubrey John Russell

Computer Engineering

The purpose of the “Android Drone” project was to create a quadcopter that can be controlled by user input sent over the phone’s Wi-Fi connection or 4G internet connection. Furthermore, the purpose was also to be able to receive live video feedback over the internet connection, thus making the drone an inexpensive option compared to other, equivalent drones that might cost thousands of dollars. Not only that, but the Android phone also has a host of other useful features that could be utilized by the drone: this includes GPS, pathing, picture taking, data storage, networking and TCP/IP, a ...


Who's In And Who's Out?: What's Important In The Cyber World?, Tony M. Kelly 2016 La Salle University

Who's In And Who's Out?: What's Important In The Cyber World?, Tony M. Kelly

HON499 projects

The aim of this paper is to offer an introduction to the exploding field of cybersecurity by asking what are the most important concepts or topics that a new member of the field of cybersecurity should know. This paper explores this question from three perspectives: from the realm of business and how the cyber world is intertwined with modern commerce, including common weaknesses and recommendations, from the academic arena examining how cybersecurity is taught and how it should be taught in a classroom or laboratory environment, and lastly, from the author’s personal experience with the cyber world. Included information ...


Gaussian Weighted Neighborhood Connectivity Of Nonlinear Line Attractor For Learning Complex Manifolds, Theus H. Aspiras, Vijayan K. Asari, Wesam Sakla 2016 University of Dayton

Gaussian Weighted Neighborhood Connectivity Of Nonlinear Line Attractor For Learning Complex Manifolds, Theus H. Aspiras, Vijayan K. Asari, Wesam Sakla

Vijayan K. Asari

The human brain has the capability to process high quantities of data quickly for detection and recognition tasks. These tasks are made simpler by the understanding of data, which intentionally removes redundancies found in higher dimensional data and maps the data onto a lower dimensional space. The brain then encodes manifolds created in these spaces, which reveal a specific state of the system. We propose to use a recurrent neural network, the nonlinear line attractor (NLA) network, for the encoding of these manifolds as specific states, which will draw untrained data towards one of the specific states that the NLA ...


Using A Real-Time Object Detection Application To Illustrate Effectiveness Of Offloading And Prefetching In Cloudlet Architecture, XuTong Zhu 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Using A Real-Time Object Detection Application To Illustrate Effectiveness Of Offloading And Prefetching In Cloudlet Architecture, Xutong Zhu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, we designed and implemented two versions of a real-time object de- tection application: A stand alone version and a cloud version. Through applying the application to a cloudlet environment, we are able to perform experiments and uses the results to illustrate the potential improvement that a cloudlet architecture can bring to mobile applications that require access to large amounts of cloud data or intensive com- putation. Potential improvements include data access speed, reduced CPU and memory usages as well as reduced battery consumption on mobile devices.


Techniques For Identifying Mobile Platform Vulnerabilities And Detecting Policy-Violating Applications, Mon Kywe SU 2016 Singapore Management University

Techniques For Identifying Mobile Platform Vulnerabilities And Detecting Policy-Violating Applications, Mon Kywe Su

Dissertations and Theses Collection

Mobile systems are generally composed of three layers of software: application layer where third-party applications are installed, framework layer where Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) are exposed, and kernel layer where low-level system operations are executed. In this dissertation, we focus on security and vulnerability analysis of framework and application layers. Security mechanisms, such as Android’s sandbox and permission systems, exist in framework layer, while malware scanners protects application layer. However, there are rooms for improvement in both mechanisms. For instance, Android’s permission system is known to be implemented in ad-hoc manner and not well-tested for vulnerabilities. Application layer ...


Understanding Firewalld In Multi-Zone Configurations, Nathan R. Vance, William F. Polik 2016 Hope College

Understanding Firewalld In Multi-Zone Configurations, Nathan R. Vance, William F. Polik

Faculty Publications

Stories of compromised servers and data theft fill today's news. It isn't difficult for someone who has read an informative blog post to access a system via a misconfigured service, take advantage of a recently exposed vulnerability, or gain control using a stolen password. Any of the many internet services found on a typical Linux server could harbor a vulnerability that grants unauthorized access to the system.

Since it's an impossible task to harden a system at the application level against every possible threat, firewalls provide security by limiting access to a system. Firewalls filter incoming packets ...


Hifocap: An Android App For Wearable Health Devices, Yoonsik Cheon, Rodrigo A. Romero 2016 University of Texas at El Paso

Hifocap: An Android App For Wearable Health Devices, Yoonsik Cheon, Rodrigo A. Romero

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Android is becoming a platform for mobile health-care devices and apps. However, there are many challenges in developing soft real-time, health-care apps for non-dedicated mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. In this paper we share our experiences in developing the HifoCap app, a mobile app for receiving electroencephalogram (EEG) wave samples from a wearable device, visualizing the received EEG samples, and transmitting them to a cloud storage server. The app is network and data-intensive. We describe the challenges we faced while developing the HifoCap app---e.g., ensuring the soft real-time requirement in the presence of uncertainty on the Android ...


Analyzing Clinical Depressive Symptoms In Twitter, Amir Hossein Yazdavar, Hussein S. Al-Olimat, Tanvi Banerjee, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit P. Sheth 2016 Wright State University - Main Campus

Analyzing Clinical Depressive Symptoms In Twitter, Amir Hossein Yazdavar, Hussein S. Al-Olimat, Tanvi Banerjee, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

350 million people are suffering from clinical depression worldwide.


Decision Modeling And Empirical Analysis Of Mobile Financial Services, Jun LIU 2016 Singapore Management University

Decision Modeling And Empirical Analysis Of Mobile Financial Services, Jun Liu

Dissertations and Theses Collection

The past twenty years have been a time of many new technological developments, changing business practices, and interesting innovations in the financial information system (IS) and technology landscape. As the financial services industry has been undergoing the digital transformation, the emergence of mobile financial services has been changing the way that customers pay for goods and services purchases and interact with financial institutions. This dissertation seeks to understand the evolution of the mobile payments technology ecosystem and how firms make mobile payments investment decisions under uncertainty, as well as examines the influence of mobile banking on customer behavior and financial ...


Dynamic Machine Level Resource Allocation To Improve Tasking Performance Across Multiple Processes, Richard Walter Thatcher 2016 Boise State University

Dynamic Machine Level Resource Allocation To Improve Tasking Performance Across Multiple Processes, Richard Walter Thatcher

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Across the landscape of computing, parallelism within applications is increasingly important in order to track advances in hardware capability and meet critical performance metrics. However, writing parallel applications is difficult to do in a scalable way, which has led to the creation of tasking libraries and language extensions like OpenMP, Intel Threading Building Blocks, Qthreads, and more. These tools abstract parallel execution by expressing it in terms of work units (tasks) rather than specific hardware details. This abstraction enables scaling and allows programmers to write software solutions that can leverage whatever level of parallelism is available.However, the typical task ...


Reducing Power Consumption And Latency In Mobile Devices Using A Push Event Stream Model, Kernel Display Server, And Gui Scheduler, Stephen Gregory Marz 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Reducing Power Consumption And Latency In Mobile Devices Using A Push Event Stream Model, Kernel Display Server, And Gui Scheduler, Stephen Gregory Marz

Doctoral Dissertations

The power consumed by mobile devices can be dramatically reduced by improving how mobile operating systems handle events and display management. Currently, mobile operating systems use a pull model that employs a polling loop to constantly ask the operating system if an event exists. This constant querying prevents the CPU from entering a deep sleep, which unnecessarily consumes power.

We’ve improved this process by switching to a push model which we refer to as the event stream model (ESM). This model leverages modern device interrupt controllers which automatically notify an application when events occur, thus removing the need to ...


User Identity Linkage By Latent User Space Modelling, Xin MU, Feida ZHU, Ee-Peng LIM, Jing XIAO, Jianzong WANG, Zhi-Hua ZHOU 2016 Singapore Management University

User Identity Linkage By Latent User Space Modelling, Xin Mu, Feida Zhu, Ee-Peng Lim, Jing Xiao, Jianzong Wang, Zhi-Hua Zhou

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

User identity linkage across social platforms is an important problem of great research challenge and practical value. In real applications, the task often assumes an extra degree of difficulty by requiring linkage across multiple platforms. While pair-wise user linkage between two platforms, which has been the focus of most existing solutions, provides reasonably convincing linkage, the result depends by nature on the order of platform pairs in execution with no theoretical guarantee on its stability. In this paper, we explore a new concept of “Latent User Space” to more naturally model the relationship between the underlying real users and their ...


What Motivates High School Students To Take Precautions Against The Spread Of Influenza? A Data Science Approach To Latent Modeling Of Compliance With Preventative Practice, William L. Romine, Tanvi Banerjee, William R. Folk, Lloyd H. Barrow 2016 Wright State University - Main Campus

What Motivates High School Students To Take Precautions Against The Spread Of Influenza? A Data Science Approach To Latent Modeling Of Compliance With Preventative Practice, William L. Romine, Tanvi Banerjee, William R. Folk, Lloyd H. Barrow

Kno.e.sis Publications

– This study focuses on a central question: What key behavioral factors influence high school students’ compliance with preventative measures against the transmission of influenza? We use multilevel logistic regression to equate logit measures for eight precautions to students’ latent compliance levels on a common scale. Using linear regression, we explore the efficacy of knowledge of influenza, affective perceptions about influenza and its prevention, prior illness, and gender in predicting compliance. Hand washing and respiratory etiquette are the easiest precautions for students, and hand sanitizer use and keeping the hands away from the face are the most difficult. Perceptions of barriers ...


Passively Testing Routing Protocols In Wireless Sensor Networks, Xiaoping CHE, Stephane MAAG, Hwee-Xian TAN, Hwee-Pink TAN 2016 Singapore Management University

Passively Testing Routing Protocols In Wireless Sensor Networks, Xiaoping Che, Stephane Maag, Hwee-Xian Tan, Hwee-Pink Tan

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Smart systems are today increasingly developed with the number of wireless sensor devices that drastically increases. They are implemented within several contexts through our environment. Thus, sensed data transported in ubiquitous systems are important and the way to carry them must be efficient and reliable. For that purpose, several routing protocols have been proposed to wireless sensor networks (WSN). However, one stage that is often neglected before their deployment, is the conformance testing process, a crucial and challenging step. Active testing techniques commonly used in wired networks are not suitable to WSN and passive approaches are needed. While some works ...


Optimizing Main Memory Usage In Modern Computing Systems To Improve Overall System Performance, Daniel Jose Campello 2016 Florida International University

Optimizing Main Memory Usage In Modern Computing Systems To Improve Overall System Performance, Daniel Jose Campello

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Operating Systems use fast, CPU-addressable main memory to maintain an application’s temporary data as anonymous data and to cache copies of persistent data stored in slower block-based storage devices. However, the use of this faster memory comes at a high cost. Therefore, several techniques have been implemented to use main memory more efficiently in the literature. In this dissertation we introduce three distinct approaches to improve overall system performance by optimizing main memory usage.

First, DRAM and host-side caching of file system data are used for speeding up virtual machine performance in today’s virtualized data centers. The clustering ...


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