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Real-Time Rfi Mitigation In Radio Astronomy, Emily Ramey, Nick Joslyn, Richard Prestage, Michael Lam, Luke Hawkins, Tim Blattner, Mark Whitehead 2019 Washington University in St. Louis

Real-Time Rfi Mitigation In Radio Astronomy, Emily Ramey, Nick Joslyn, Richard Prestage, Michael Lam, Luke Hawkins, Tim Blattner, Mark Whitehead

Senior Honors Papers / Undergraduate Theses

As the use of wireless technology has increased around the world, Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) has become more and more of a problem for radio astronomers. Preventative measures exist to limit the presence of RFI, and programs exist to remove it from saved data, but the use of algorithms to detect and remove RFI as an observation is occurring is much less common. Such a method would be incredibly useful for observations in which the data must undergo several rounds of processing before being saved, as in pulsar timing studies. Strategies for real-time mitigation have been discussed and tested with ...


Calculating The Cohomology Of A Lie Algebra Using Maple And The Serre Hochschild Spectral Sequence, Jacob Kullberg 2018 Utah State University

Calculating The Cohomology Of A Lie Algebra Using Maple And The Serre Hochschild Spectral Sequence, Jacob Kullberg

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Lie algebra cohomology is an important tool in many branches of mathematics. It is used in the Topology of homogeneous spaces, Deformation theory, and Extension theory. There exists extensive theory for calculating the cohomology of semi simple Lie algebras, but more tools are needed for calculating the cohomology of general Lie algebras. To calculate the cohomology of general Lie algebras, I used the symbolic software program called Maple. I wrote software to calculate the cohomology in several different ways. I wrote several programs to calculate the cohomology directly. This proved to be computationally expensive as the number of differential forms ...


Introducing The Fractional Differentiation For Clinical Data-Justified Prostate Cancer Modelling Under Iad Therapy, Ozlem Ozturk Mizrak 2018 Illinois State University

Introducing The Fractional Differentiation For Clinical Data-Justified Prostate Cancer Modelling Under Iad Therapy, Ozlem Ozturk Mizrak

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Modeling And Simulation With Deep Learning Methods Of Cancer Growth For Patient-Specific Therapy, Vishal Kobla, Joshua P. Smith, Pranav Unni, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer 2018 Academies of Loudoun

Mathematical Modeling And Simulation With Deep Learning Methods Of Cancer Growth For Patient-Specific Therapy, Vishal Kobla, Joshua P. Smith, Pranav Unni, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Enhancing 3d Visual Odometry With Single-Camera Stereo Omnidirectional Systems, Carlos A. Jaramillo 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Enhancing 3d Visual Odometry With Single-Camera Stereo Omnidirectional Systems, Carlos A. Jaramillo

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

We explore low-cost solutions for efficiently improving the 3D pose estimation problem of a single camera moving in an unfamiliar environment. The visual odometry (VO) task -- as it is called when using computer vision to estimate egomotion -- is of particular interest to mobile robots as well as humans with visual impairments. The payload capacity of small robots like micro-aerial vehicles (drones) requires the use of portable perception equipment, which is constrained by size, weight, energy consumption, and processing power. Using a single camera as the passive sensor for the VO task satisfies these requirements, and it motivates the proposed solutions ...


High Performance Sparse Multivariate Polynomials: Fundamental Data Structures And Algorithms, Alex Brandt 2018 The University of Western Ontario

High Performance Sparse Multivariate Polynomials: Fundamental Data Structures And Algorithms, Alex Brandt

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Polynomials may be represented sparsely in an effort to conserve memory usage and provide a succinct and natural representation. Moreover, polynomials which are themselves sparse – have very few non-zero terms – will have wasted memory and computation time if represented, and operated on, densely. This waste is exacerbated as the number of variables increases. We provide practical implementations of sparse multivariate data structures focused on data locality and cache complexity. We look to develop high-performance algorithms and implementations of fundamental polynomial operations, using these sparse data structures, such as arithmetic (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division) and interpolation. We revisit a sparse ...


Investigating Dataset Distinctiveness, Andrew Ulmer, Kent W. Gauen, Yung-Hsiang Lu, Zohar R. Kapach, Daniel P. Merrick 2018 Purdue University

Investigating Dataset Distinctiveness, Andrew Ulmer, Kent W. Gauen, Yung-Hsiang Lu, Zohar R. Kapach, Daniel P. Merrick

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Just as a human might struggle to interpret another human’s handwriting, a computer vision program might fail when asked to perform one task in two different domains. To be more specific, visualize a self-driving car as a human driver who had only ever driven on clear, sunny days, during daylight hours. This driver – the self-driving car – would inevitably face a significant challenge when asked to drive when it is violently raining or foggy during the night, putting the safety of its passengers in danger. An extensive understanding of the data we use to teach computer vision models – such as ...


Predict The Failure Of Hydraulic Pumps By Different Machine Learning Algorithms, Yifei Zhou, Monika Ivantysynova, Nathan Keller 2018 School of Agricultural & Biological Engineering, Purdue University

Predict The Failure Of Hydraulic Pumps By Different Machine Learning Algorithms, Yifei Zhou, Monika Ivantysynova, Nathan Keller

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Pump failure is a general concerned problem in the hydraulic field. Once happening, it will cause a huge property loss and even the life loss. The common methods to prevent the occurrence of pump failure is by preventative maintenance and breakdown maintenance, however, both of them have significant drawbacks. This research focuses on the axial piston pump and provides a new solution by the prognostic of pump failure using the classification of machine learning. Different kinds of sensors (temperature, acceleration and etc.) were installed into a good condition pump and three different kinds of damaged pumps to measure 10 of ...


Tool For Correlating Ebsd And Afm Data Arrays, Andrew Krawec, Matthew Michie, John Blendell 2018 Purdue University

Tool For Correlating Ebsd And Afm Data Arrays, Andrew Krawec, Matthew Michie, John Blendell

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Ceramic and semiconductor research is limited in its ability to create holistic representations of data in concise, easily-accessible file formats or visual data representations. These materials are used in everyday electronics, and optimizing their electrical and physical properties is important for developing more advanced computational technologies. There is a desire to understand how changing the composition of the ceramic alters the shape and structure of the grown crystals. However, few accessible tools exist to generate a dataset with the proper organization to understand correlations between grain orientation and crystallographic orientation. This paper outlines an approach to analyzing the crystal structure ...


Theatrical Genre Prediction Using Social Network Metrics, Manisha Shukla 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Theatrical Genre Prediction Using Social Network Metrics, Manisha Shukla

Theses and Dissertations

With the emergence of digitization, large text corpora are now available online that provide humanities scholars an opportunity to perform literary analysis leveraging the use of computational techniques. This work is focused on applying network theory concepts in the field of literature to explore correlations between the mathematical properties of the social networks of plays and the plays’ dramatic genre, specifically how well social network metrics can identify genre without taking vocabulary into consideration. Almost no work has been done to study the ability of mathematical properties of network graphs to predict literary features. We generated character interaction networks of ...


Why Accountants Should Embrace Machine Learning?, Benjamin Huan Zhou LEE, Gary PAN, Poh Sun SEOW 2018 Singapore Management University

Why Accountants Should Embrace Machine Learning?, Benjamin Huan Zhou Lee, Gary Pan, Poh Sun Seow

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

AI and ML are enabling tools that take the tedious gruntwork out of accounting, freeing up professionals to provide valuable insights - as well as professional scepticism - which are sought-after services no machine can replicate.


Adam And Eve, Designed Diversity, And Allele Frequencies, John C. Sanford, Robert W. Carter, Wes Brewer, John Baumgardner, Bruce Potter, Jon Potter 2018 FMS Foundation

Adam And Eve, Designed Diversity, And Allele Frequencies, John C. Sanford, Robert W. Carter, Wes Brewer, John Baumgardner, Bruce Potter, Jon Potter

The Proceedings of the International Conference on Creationism

Theistic evolutionists present multiple genetic arguments against a literal Adam and Eve. One key argument asserts it would be impossible for a single human couple to give rise to the genetic diversity seen in the modern human population. This implicitly assumes Adam and Eve would have been created without internal genetic diversity. If this were true, all observed variations would have to arise recently via random mutations. This would require incredibly high mutation rates, logically leading to rapid extinction.

Yet, Adam and Eve could have been created massively heterozygous. We have argued for over a decade that they could have ...


International Data Sources & Data Literacy, Lisa DeLuca 2018 Seton Hall University

International Data Sources & Data Literacy, Lisa Deluca

Lisa DeLuca, MLIS, MPA

No abstract provided.


Mining Association Rules For Low-Frequency Itemsets, Jimmy Ming-Tai Wu, Justin Zhan, Sanket Chobe 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Mining Association Rules For Low-Frequency Itemsets, Jimmy Ming-Tai Wu, Justin Zhan, Sanket Chobe

Computer Science Faculty Publications

High utility itemset mining has become an important and critical operation in the Data Mining field. High utility itemset mining generates more profitable itemsets and the association among these itemsets, to make business decisions and strategies. Although, high utility is important, it is not the sole measure to decide efficient business strategies such as discount offers. It is very important to consider the pattern of itemsets based on the frequency as well as utility to predict more profitable itemsets. For example, in a supermarket or restaurant, beverages like champagne or wine might generate high utility (profit), but also sell less ...


From Large-Scale Molecular Clouds To Filaments And Cores : Unveiling The Role Of The Magnetic Fields In Star Formation, Sayantan Auddy 2018 The University of Western Ontario

From Large-Scale Molecular Clouds To Filaments And Cores : Unveiling The Role Of The Magnetic Fields In Star Formation, Sayantan Auddy

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

I present a comprehensive study of the role of strong magnetic fields in characterizing the structure of molecular clouds. We run three-dimensional turbulent non-ideal magnetohydrodynamic simulations (with ambipolar diffusion) to see the effect of magnetic fields on the evolution of the column density probability distribution function (PDF). Our results indicate a systematic dependence of the column density PDF of molecular clouds on magnetic field strength and turbulence, with observationally distinguishable outcomes between supercritical (gravity dominated) and subcritical (magnetic field dominated) initial conditions. We find that most cases develop a direct power-law PDF, and only the subcritical clouds with turbulence are ...


Modeling Recombination In Solar Cells, Paul Chery 2018 Macalester College

Modeling Recombination In Solar Cells, Paul Chery

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

Solar cells are a competitive alternative to nonrenewable energy sources such as fossil fuels. However, the efficiency of these devices is limited by photogenerated carrier recombination. We use a finite difference numerical model to study recombination phenomena in the absorber layer of solar cells including alternate recombination models and the effects of spatial distribution of recombination centers. We compare the effect of using the constant lifetime approximation for recombination to the full Shockley-Read-Hall expression in Silicon solar cells and find that the constant lifetime approximation holds for high defect densities but not for high photon flux densities. Finally, we simulate ...


Empath-D: Vr-Based Empathetic App Design For Accessibility, Wonjung KIM, Kenny Tsu Wei CHOO, Youngki LEE, Archan MISRA, Rajesh Krishna BALAN 2018 Singapore Management University

Empath-D: Vr-Based Empathetic App Design For Accessibility, Wonjung Kim, Kenny Tsu Wei Choo, Youngki Lee, Archan Misra, Rajesh Krishna Balan

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

With app-based interaction increasingly permeating all aspects ofdaily living, it is essential to ensure that apps are designed to be inclusiveand are usable by a wider audience such as the elderly, withvarious impairments (e.g., visual, audio and motor). We proposeEmpath-D, a system that fosters empathetic design, by allowingapp designers, in-situ, to rapidly evaluate the usability of theirapps, from the perspective of impaired users. To provide a trulyauthentic experience, Empath-D carefully orchestrates the interactionbetween a smartphone and a VR device, allowing the user toexperience simulated impairments in a virtual world while interactingnaturally with the app, using a real smartphone. By ...


Critical Parameters In A Computational Model Of Tgf-Beta-Induced Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition., Mario J. Mendez, Seth H. Weinberg 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Critical Parameters In A Computational Model Of Tgf-Beta-Induced Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition., Mario J. Mendez, Seth H. Weinberg

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Recta: Regulon Identification Based On Comparative Genomics And Transcriptomics Analysis, Xin Chen, Anjun Ma, Adam McDermaid, Hanyuan Zhang, Chao Liu, Huansheng Cao, Qin Ma 2018 Tianjin University,

Recta: Regulon Identification Based On Comparative Genomics And Transcriptomics Analysis, Xin Chen, Anjun Ma, Adam Mcdermaid, Hanyuan Zhang, Chao Liu, Huansheng Cao, Qin Ma

CSE Journal Articles

Regulons, which serve as co-regulated gene groups contributing to the transcriptional regulation of microbial genomes, have the potential to aid in understanding of underlying regulatory mechanisms. In this study, we designed a novel computational pipeline, regulon identification based on comparative genomics and transcriptomics analysis (RECTA), for regulon prediction related to the gene regulatory network under certain conditions. To demonstrate the effectiveness of this tool, we implemented RECTA on Lactococcus lactis MG1363 data to elucidate acid-response regulons. A total of 51 regulons were identified, 14 of which have computational-verified significance. Among these 14 regulons, five of them were computationally predicted to ...


Physical Applications Of The Geometric Minimum Action Method, George L. Poppe Jr. 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Physical Applications Of The Geometric Minimum Action Method, George L. Poppe Jr.

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis extends the landscape of rare events problems solved on stochastic systems by means of the \textit{geometric minimum action method} (gMAM). These include partial differential equations (PDEs) such as the real Ginzburg-Landau equation (RGLE), the linear Schroedinger equation, along with various forms of the nonlinear Schroedinger equation (NLSE) including an application towards an ultra-short pulse mode-locked laser system (MLL).

Additionally we develop analytical tools that can be used alongside numerics to validate those solutions. This includes the use of instanton methods in deriving state transitions for the linear Schroedinger equation and the cubic diffusive NLSE.

These analytical solutions ...


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