Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

957 Full-Text Articles 1464 Authors 262019 Downloads 85 Institutions

All Articles in Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing

Faceted Search

957 full-text articles. Page 1 of 38.

Contextual Motivation In Physical Activity By Means Of Association Rule Mining, Sugam Sharma, Udoyara Sunday Tim, Marinelle Payton, Hari Cohly, Shashi Gadia, Johnny Wong, Sudharshanam Karakala 2017 Iowa State University

Contextual Motivation In Physical Activity By Means Of Association Rule Mining, Sugam Sharma, Udoyara Sunday Tim, Marinelle Payton, Hari Cohly, Shashi Gadia, Johnny Wong, Sudharshanam Karakala

Sugam Sharma

The primary thrust of this work is to demonstrate the applicability of association rule mining in public health domain, focusing on physical activity and exercising. In this paper, the concept of association rule mining is shown assisting to promote the physical exercise as regular human activity. Specifically, similar to the prototypical example of association rule mining, market basket analysis, our proposed novel approach considers two events – exercise (sporadic) and sleep (regular) as the two items of the frequent set; and associating the former, exercise event, with latter, the daily occurring activity sleep at night, helps strengthening the frequency of the ...


Treatment Of Fast Chemistry In Fdf/Les: In Situ Adaptive Tabulation, van Vliet E., Rodney O. Fox, J. J. Derksen, S. B. Pope 2017 Iowa State University

Treatment Of Fast Chemistry In Fdf/Les: In Situ Adaptive Tabulation, Van Vliet E., Rodney O. Fox, J. J. Derksen, S. B. Pope

Rodney O. Fox

The feasibility to implement fast-chemistry reactions in a three-dimensional large eddy simulation (LES) of a turbulent reacting flow using a filtered density function (PDF) technique is studied. Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is used as an representative reaction due to the stiff nature of the ordinary differential equation (ODE's) describing the kinetics. In FDF/LES, the chemistry needs to be evaluated many times for a large number of fictitious particles that are tracked in the flow, and therefore a constraint is put to the CPU time needed to solve the kinetics. Pope (1997) developed an in situ adaptive tabulation (ISAT) to ...


Contextual Motivation In Physical Activity By Means Of Association Rule Mining, Sugam Sharma, Udoyara Sunday Tim, Marinelle Payton, Hari Cohly, Shashi Gadia, Johnny Wong, Sudharshanam Karakala 2017 Iowa State University

Contextual Motivation In Physical Activity By Means Of Association Rule Mining, Sugam Sharma, Udoyara Sunday Tim, Marinelle Payton, Hari Cohly, Shashi Gadia, Johnny Wong, Sudharshanam Karakala

Johnny Wong

The primary thrust of this work is to demonstrate the applicability of association rule mining in public health domain, focusing on physical activity and exercising. In this paper, the concept of association rule mining is shown assisting to promote the physical exercise as regular human activity. Specifically, similar to the prototypical example of association rule mining, market basket analysis, our proposed novel approach considers two events – exercise (sporadic) and sleep (regular) as the two items of the frequent set; and associating the former, exercise event, with latter, the daily occurring activity sleep at night, helps strengthening the frequency of the ...


Design Study Of A Heavy Duty Load Cell Using Finite Element Analysis: A Practical Introduction To Mechatronic Design Process, Mohamad Saleh 2017 School of Informatics and Engineering, Institute of Technology, Blanchardstown, Dublin 15.

Design Study Of A Heavy Duty Load Cell Using Finite Element Analysis: A Practical Introduction To Mechatronic Design Process, Mohamad Saleh

The ITB Journal

Mechatronics design process is a series of analytical brain storming operations from sepcification to implementation. The mechtronic products are widly available in the market for various use and applications. This is expected to develop futher in the future with great competitiveness. In order to succeed in the market, mechatronic products need to satisfy the market expectations with regard to quality, fitness for purpose, customer's appeal and cost efficiency. Therefore, the design analysis techniques play a significat part in the market success of these products. Finite Element Analysis is probably the most commonly used numerical technique for mechatronic product design ...


The Acquisition And Analysis Of Electroencephalogram Data For The Classification Of Benign Partial Epilepsy Of Childhood With Centrotemporal Spikes, Jessica A. Scarborough 2017 University of San Francisco

The Acquisition And Analysis Of Electroencephalogram Data For The Classification Of Benign Partial Epilepsy Of Childhood With Centrotemporal Spikes, Jessica A. Scarborough

Master's Theses

In this thesis, I will expand upon each step in the process of acquiring and analyzing electroencephalogram (EEG) for the classification of benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes. Despite huge advancements in the field of health informatics—natural language processing, machine learning, predictive modeling—there are significant barriers to the access of clinical data. These barriers include information blocking, privacy policy concerns, and a lack of stakeholder support. We will see that these roadblocks are all responsible for stunting biomedical research in some way, including my own experiences in acquiring the data for the second chapter of this thesis.

This ...


Red Beetl: Recipe Encoder Decoder Beer Translator Lstm, Grace Ermi, Ellyn Ayton 2017 Western Washington University

Red Beetl: Recipe Encoder Decoder Beer Translator Lstm, Grace Ermi, Ellyn Ayton

Graduate Student Conference

The number of craft breweries has exploded in last decade: there are around a dozen breweries in Bellingham alone. Each brewery must assemble a lineup of beers, but this process of designing new beers usually relies on some combination of brewer instinct and trial and error. Because brewing beer involves complicated biological and chemical processes, the mapping from recipe to the beer it will produce is non-trivial to predict. In this project, we consider mapping between representations of beer in three distinct domains. In one view, a beer can be described by a recipe, which specifies the particular hop, malt ...


Mining Of Primary Healthcare Patient Data With Selective Multimorbid Diseases, Annette Megerdichian Azad 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Mining Of Primary Healthcare Patient Data With Selective Multimorbid Diseases, Annette Megerdichian Azad

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Despite a large volume of research on the prognosis, diagnosis and overall burden of multimorbidity, very little is known about socio-demographic characteristics of multimorbid patients. This thesis aims to analyze the socio-demographic characteristics of patients with multiple chronic conditions (multimorbidity), focusing on patient groups sharing the same combination of diseases. Several methods were explored to analyze the co-occurrence of multiple chronic diseases as well as the associations between socio-demographics and chronic conditions. These methods include disease pair distributions over gender, age groups and income level quintiles, Multimorbidity Coefficients for measuring the concurrence of disease pairs and triples, and k-modes clustering ...


Accuracy And Stability Of Integration Methods For Neutrino Transport In Core Collapse Supernovae, Kyle A. Gregory 2017 kgrego12

Accuracy And Stability Of Integration Methods For Neutrino Transport In Core Collapse Supernovae, Kyle A. Gregory

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Molecular Dynamics Simulations Of Dna-Functionalized Nanoparticle Building Blocks On Gpus, Tyler Landon Fochtman 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Molecular Dynamics Simulations Of Dna-Functionalized Nanoparticle Building Blocks On Gpus, Tyler Landon Fochtman

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis discusses massively parallel molecular dynamics simulations of nBLOCKs using graphical processing units. nBLOCKs are nanoscale building blocks composed of gold nanoparticles functionalized with single-stranded DNA molecules. To explore greater simulation time scales we implement our nBLOCK computational model as an extension to the coarse grain molecular simulator oxDNA. oxDNA is parameterized to match the thermodynamics of DNA strand hybridization as well as the mechanics of single stranded DNA and double stranded DNA. In addition to an in-depth review of our implementation details we also provide results of the model validation and performance tests. These validation and performance tests ...


Plateau Potential Fluctuations And Intrinsic Membrane Noise, Daniel Scott Borrus 2017 College of William and Mary

Plateau Potential Fluctuations And Intrinsic Membrane Noise, Daniel Scott Borrus

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis focuses on subthreshold membrane potential fluctuations in the plateau potentials of bistable neurons. Research involved with plateau potentials typically finds one of the resting membrane potentials to be more susceptible to voltage fluctuations. This difference in the amplitude of the membrane potential fluctuations is most often attributed to the voltage-dependent membrane conductance. Occasionally, however, the typically quieter resting membrane potential exhibits larger voltage fluctuations than the expected one. It has been proposed that this increased membrane potential noise is the result of the stochastic gating of the voltage-gated ion channels. In this thesis, we use a simple bistable ...


Ds-Pso: Particle Swarm Optimization With Dynamic And Static Topologies, Dominick Sanchez 2017 Bowdoin College

Ds-Pso: Particle Swarm Optimization With Dynamic And Static Topologies, Dominick Sanchez

Honors Projects

Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is often used for optimization problems due to its speed and relative simplicity. Unfortunately, like many optimization algorithms, PSO may potentially converge too early on local optima. Using multiple neighborhoods alleviates this problem to a certain extent, although premature convergence is still a concern. Using dynamic topologies, as opposed to static neighborhoods, can encourage exploration of the search space at the cost of exploitation. We propose a new version of PSO, Dynamic-Static PSO (DS-PSO) that assigns multiple neighborhoods to each particle. By using both dynamic and static topologies, DS-PSO encourages exploration, while also exploiting existing knowledge ...


Electrodynamical Modeling For Light Transport Simulation, Michael G. Saunders 2017 East Tennessee State University

Electrodynamical Modeling For Light Transport Simulation, Michael G. Saunders

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Modernity in the computer graphics community is characterized by a burgeoning interest in physically based rendering techniques. That is to say that mathematical reasoning from first principles is widely preferred to ad hoc, approximate reasoning in blind pursuit of photorealism. Thereby, the purpose of our research is to investigate the efficacy of explicit electrodynamical modeling by means of the generalized Jones vector given by Azzam [1] and the generalized Jones matrix given by Ortega-Quijano & Arce-Diego [2] in the context of stochastic light transport simulation for computer graphics. To augment the status quo path tracing framework with such a modeling technique ...


Does Logic Help Us Beat Monty Hall?, Adam J. Hammett, Nathan A. Harold, Tucker R. Rhodes 2017 Cedarville University

Does Logic Help Us Beat Monty Hall?, Adam J. Hammett, Nathan A. Harold, Tucker R. Rhodes

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The classical Monty Hall problem entails that a hypothetical game show contestant be presented three doors and told that behind one door is a car and behind the other two are far less appealing prizes, like goats. The contestant then picks a door, and the host (Monty) is to open a different door which contains one of the bad prizes. At this point in the game, the contestant is given the option of keeping the door she chose or changing her selection to the remaining door (since one has already been opened by Monty), after which Monty opens the chosen ...


Smart Signalling For Bicycles Using User Riding Behavior, Nishant Tushar Sinha 2017 Georgia State University

Smart Signalling For Bicycles Using User Riding Behavior, Nishant Tushar Sinha

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


New Pod Error Expressions, Error Bounds, And Asymptotic Results For Reduced Order Model Of Parabolic Pdes, John R. Singler 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

New Pod Error Expressions, Error Bounds, And Asymptotic Results For Reduced Order Model Of Parabolic Pdes, John R. Singler

John R. Singler

The derivations of existing error bounds for reduced order models of time varying partialdi erential equations (PDEs) constructed using proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) haverelied on bounding the error between the POD data and various POD projections of that data.Furthermore, the asymptotic behavior of the model reduction error bounds depends on theasymptotic behavior of the POD data approximation error bounds. We consider time varyingdata taking values in two di erent Hilbert spacesHandV, withVH, and prove exactexpressions for the POD data approximation errors considering four di erent POD projectionsand the two di erent Hilbert space error norms. Furthermore, the exact error ...


Designing Novel Nanostructured Permanent Magnets, Ali Al Kadhim 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Designing Novel Nanostructured Permanent Magnets, Ali Al Kadhim

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Rare earth element based alloys have been the source of high performance magnetic alloys, and have played a paramount role in the development of various technologies, including: memory devices (such as credit cards, random-access memory), sensors, and various biomedical applications. However, there is a tremendous need to replace rare earth metals with material with powerful magnetic properties. Our group recently found CrTe-based materials that show very promising magnetic properties in nanostructured form. The magnetic modeling of such material in nanostructured form prior to their fabrication demonstrates their magnetic properties in bulk form. In this project, we investigate the behavior of ...


Optimizing Campus Mobility With A Focus On Sustainability: A Graph Theory Approach To Intra-Campus Transportation Networks, Quinn M. Nelson 2017 Quinn Nelson

Optimizing Campus Mobility With A Focus On Sustainability: A Graph Theory Approach To Intra-Campus Transportation Networks, Quinn M. Nelson

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The idea of public transportation is supported by most in theory but often heavily criticized by users when put into application. There are common tensions that are related to public transportation, as described by frequent users: unreliable, too crowded, and slow. The University of Nebraska-Omaha (UNO) is a growing metropolitan institution that uses a shuttle system to transport students among their three campuses daily. As of 2015, the current total student enrollment is approximately 16,000; UNO plans to enroll 20,000 students by 2020. The expected student growth is also reflected by the current construction of new buildings and ...


Multiple Fermi Surfaces In Superconducting Nb-Doped Bi2Se3, B. J. Lawson, Paul Corbae, Gang Li, Fan Yu, Tomoya Asaba, Colin Tinsman, Y. Qiu, Julia E. Medvedeva, Yew San Hor, L. Li 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Multiple Fermi Surfaces In Superconducting Nb-Doped Bi2Se3, B. J. Lawson, Paul Corbae, Gang Li, Fan Yu, Tomoya Asaba, Colin Tinsman, Y. Qiu, Julia E. Medvedeva, Yew San Hor, L. Li

Julia E. Medvedeva

Topological insulator Bi2Se3 has shown a number of interesting physical properties. Doping Bi2Se3 with copper or strontium has been demonstrated to make the material superconducting and potentially even a topological superconductor. The recent discovery of superconducting niobium-doped Bi2Se3 reveals an exciting new physical phenomenon, the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetic ordering, as well as signatures of an odd-parity p-wave superconducting order. To understand this new phenomenon, a detailed knowledge of the electronic structure is needed. We present an observation of quantum oscillations in the magnetization (the de Haas-van Alphen effect) of Nb-doped Bi2Se3. In the fully superconducting crystal, two distinct ...


Composition-Dependent Structural And Transport Properties Of Amorphous Transparent Conducting Oxides, Rabi Khanal, D. Bruce Buchholz, Robert P. Chang, Julia E. Medvedeva 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Composition-Dependent Structural And Transport Properties Of Amorphous Transparent Conducting Oxides, Rabi Khanal, D. Bruce Buchholz, Robert P. Chang, Julia E. Medvedeva

Julia E. Medvedeva

Structural properties of amorphous In-based oxides, In-X-O with X=Zn, Ga, Sn, or Ge, are investigated using ab initio molecular dynamics liquid-quench simulations. The results reveal that indium retains its average coordination of 5.0 upon 20% X fractional substitution for In, whereas X cations satisfy their natural coordination with oxygen atoms. This finding suggests that the carrier generation is primarily governed by In atoms, in accord with the observed carrier concentration in amorphous In-O and In-X-O. At the same time, the presence of X affects the number of six-coordinated In atoms as well as the oxygen sharing between the ...


Scale-Up And On-Line Monitoring Of Gas-Solid Systems Using Advanced And Non-Invasive Measurement Techniques, Muthanna H. Al-Dahhan, Shreekanta Aradhya, Faraj Zaid, Neven Ali, Thaar Aljuwaya 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Scale-Up And On-Line Monitoring Of Gas-Solid Systems Using Advanced And Non-Invasive Measurement Techniques, Muthanna H. Al-Dahhan, Shreekanta Aradhya, Faraj Zaid, Neven Ali, Thaar Aljuwaya

Muthanna H. Al-Dahhan

Industry relies on gas-solid systems for numerous processes. Flow dynamics play an important role in achieving the desired results. The present study proposes, validates and demonstrates a novel mechanistic scale-up approach based on maintaining similar radial profile or cross sectional distribution of gas holdup in two different gas-solid systems in order to achieve hydrodynamics similarity using advanced measurement techniques. This new methodology for scale-up and design has been implemented on gas-solid spouted bed which has been used for drying, granulation and coating. The development can be extrapolated to other gas-solid systems encountered in phosphate processes.


Digital Commons powered by bepress