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Real-Time Rfi Mitigation In Radio Astronomy, Emily Ramey, Nick Joslyn, Richard Prestage, Michael Lam, Luke Hawkins, Tim Blattner, Mark Whitehead 2019 Washington University in St. Louis

Real-Time Rfi Mitigation In Radio Astronomy, Emily Ramey, Nick Joslyn, Richard Prestage, Michael Lam, Luke Hawkins, Tim Blattner, Mark Whitehead

Senior Honors Papers / Undergraduate Theses

As the use of wireless technology has increased around the world, Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) has become more and more of a problem for radio astronomers. Preventative measures exist to limit the presence of RFI, and programs exist to remove it from saved data, but the use of algorithms to detect and remove RFI as an observation is occurring is much less common. Such a method would be incredibly useful for observations in which the data must undergo several rounds of processing before being saved, as in pulsar timing studies. Strategies for real-time mitigation have been discussed and tested with ...


Critical Parameters In A Computational Model Of Tgf-Beta-Induced Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition., Mario J. Mendez, Seth H. Weinberg 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Critical Parameters In A Computational Model Of Tgf-Beta-Induced Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition., Mario J. Mendez, Seth H. Weinberg

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Physical Applications Of The Geometric Minimum Action Method, George L. Poppe Jr. 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Physical Applications Of The Geometric Minimum Action Method, George L. Poppe Jr.

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis extends the landscape of rare events problems solved on stochastic systems by means of the \textit{geometric minimum action method} (gMAM). These include partial differential equations (PDEs) such as the real Ginzburg-Landau equation (RGLE), the linear Schroedinger equation, along with various forms of the nonlinear Schroedinger equation (NLSE) including an application towards an ultra-short pulse mode-locked laser system (MLL).

Additionally we develop analytical tools that can be used alongside numerics to validate those solutions. This includes the use of instanton methods in deriving state transitions for the linear Schroedinger equation and the cubic diffusive NLSE.

These analytical solutions ...


Analysis Challenges For High Dimensional Data, Bangxin Zhao 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Analysis Challenges For High Dimensional Data, Bangxin Zhao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, we propose new methodologies targeting the areas of high-dimensional variable screening, influence measure and post-selection inference. We propose a new estimator for the correlation between the response and high-dimensional predictor variables, and based on the estimator we develop a new screening technique termed Dynamic Tilted Current Correlation Screening (DTCCS) for high dimensional variables screening. DTCCS is capable of picking up the relevant predictor variables within a finite number of steps. The DTCCS method takes the popular used sure independent screening (SIS) method and the high-dimensional ordinary least squares projection (HOLP) approach as its special cases.

Two methods ...


Walknet: A Deep Learning Approach To Improving Sidewalk Quality And Accessibility, Andrew Abbott, Alex Deshowitz, Dennis Murray, Eric C. Larson 2018 Southern Methodist University

Walknet: A Deep Learning Approach To Improving Sidewalk Quality And Accessibility, Andrew Abbott, Alex Deshowitz, Dennis Murray, Eric C. Larson

SMU Data Science Review

This paper proposes a framework for optimizing allocation of infrastructure spending on sidewalk improvement and allowing planners to focus their budgets on the areas in the most need. In this research, we identify curb ramps from Google Street View images using traditional machine learning and deep learning methods. Our convolutional neural network approach achieved an 83% accuracy and high level of precision when classifying curb cuts. We found that as the model received more data, the accuracy increased, which with the continued collection of crowdsourced labeling of curb cuts will increase the model’s classification power. We further investigated a ...


Math Behind Computer Graphics: Piecewise Smooth Interpolation, Jesica Bauer 2018 Carroll College

Math Behind Computer Graphics: Piecewise Smooth Interpolation, Jesica Bauer

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Modern computers are able to create complex imagery with only a small set of information. For example, the fonts on your computer are saved as a set of points and the computer is told how to connect them. Many 3D animations start the same way, where the animation starts as a grid before the rest of the shape is systematically filled in. But how does the computer know how to connect the dots into a mesh? Or know how to create the smooth surface so that it doesn’t look blocky? To solve these problems, we implement mathematical algorithms to ...


Synthesis And Evaluation Of Acetylcholine Molecularly Imprinted Polymers, Nathaniel Donald Thiemann 2018 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Synthesis And Evaluation Of Acetylcholine Molecularly Imprinted Polymers, Nathaniel Donald Thiemann

Masters Theses

Polymers imprinted with acetylcholine during synthesis were prepared in order to evaluate their potential for implementation as a novel recognition element in acetylcholine biosensors. Biosensors, such as the glucose monitor, are used to rapidly detect and quantify a target analyte. Acetylcholine biosensors have already been produced using enzymatic recognition elements, but they are currently expensive and plagued by short viability. Molecularly imprinted polymers are not only cheap and durable, but have also been successfully used as a recognition element in biosensors for other analytes. Therefore, computational tools were used to rationally design acetylcholine molecularly imprinted polymers. Three chemicals, itaconic acid ...


Feature Detection In Medical Images Using Deep Learning, Anthony Pasquarelli 2018 Bryant University

Feature Detection In Medical Images Using Deep Learning, Anthony Pasquarelli

Honors Projects in Computer Information Systems

This project explores the use of deep learning to predict age based on pediatric hand X-Rays. Data from the Radiological Society of North America’s pediatric bone age challenge were used to train and evaluate a convolutional neural network. The project used InceptionV3, a CNN developed by Google, that was pre-trained on ImageNet, a popular online image dataset. Our fine-tuned version of InceptionV3 yielded an average error of less than 10 months between predicted and actual age. This project shows the effectiveness of deep learning in analyzing medical images and the potential for even greater improvements in the future. In ...


Understanding Natural Keyboard Typing Using Convolutional Neural Networks On Mobile Sensor Data, Travis Siems 2018 Southern Methodist University

Understanding Natural Keyboard Typing Using Convolutional Neural Networks On Mobile Sensor Data, Travis Siems

Computer Science and Engineering Theses and Dissertations

Mobile phones and other devices with embedded sensors are becoming increasingly ubiquitous. Audio and motion sensor data may be able to detect information that we did not think possible. Some researchers have created models that can predict computer keyboard typing from a nearby mobile device; however, certain limitations to their experiment setup and methods compelled us to be skeptical of the models’ realistic prediction capability. We investigate the possibility of understanding natural keyboard typing from mobile phones by performing a well-designed data collection experiment that encourages natural typing and interactions. This data collection helps capture realistic vulnerabilities of the security ...


Similarity Based Classification Of Adhd Using Singular Value Decomposition, Taban Eslami, Fahad Saeed 2018 Western Michigan University

Similarity Based Classification Of Adhd Using Singular Value Decomposition, Taban Eslami, Fahad Saeed

Parallel Computing and Data Science Lab Technical Reports

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common brain disorders among children. This disorder is considered as a big threat for public health and causes attention, focus and organizing difficulties for children and even adults. Since the cause of ADHD is not known yet, data mining algorithms are being used to help discover patterns which discriminate healthy from ADHD subjects. Numerous efforts are underway with the goal of developing classification tools for ADHD diagnosis based on functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging data of the brain. In this paper, we used Eros, which is a technique for ...


Predicting The Next Us President By Simulating The Electoral College, Boyan Kostadinov 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Predicting The Next Us President By Simulating The Electoral College, Boyan Kostadinov

Publications and Research

We develop a simulation model for predicting the outcome of the US Presidential election based on simulating the distribution of the Electoral College. The simulation model has two parts: (a) estimating the probabilities for a given candidate to win each state and DC, based on state polls, and (b) estimating the probability that a given candidate will win at least 270 electoral votes, and thus win the White House. All simulations are coded using the high-level, open-source programming language R. One of the goals of this paper is to promote computational thinking in any STEM field by illustrating how probabilistic ...


The Accuracy, Fairness, And Limits Of Predicting Recidivism, Julie Dressel, Hany Farid 2018 Dartmouth College

The Accuracy, Fairness, And Limits Of Predicting Recidivism, Julie Dressel, Hany Farid

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Algorithms for predicting recidivism are commonly used to assess a criminal defendant’s likelihood of committing a crime. These predictions are used in pretrial, parole, and sentencing decisions. Proponents of these systems argue that big data and advanced machine learning make these analyses more accurate and less biased than humans. We show, however, that the widely used commercial risk assessment software COMPAS is no more accurate or fair than predictions made by people with little or no criminal justice expertise. We further show that a simple linear predictor provided with only two features is nearly equivalent to COMPAS with its ...


A Study Of High Performance Multiple Precision Arithmetic On Graphics Processing Units, Niall Emmart 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

A Study Of High Performance Multiple Precision Arithmetic On Graphics Processing Units, Niall Emmart

Doctoral Dissertations

Multiple precision (MP) arithmetic is a core building block of a wide variety of algorithms in computational mathematics and computer science. In mathematics MP is used in computational number theory, geometric computation, experimental mathematics, and in some random matrix problems. In computer science, MP arithmetic is primarily used in cryptographic algorithms: securing communications, digital signatures, and code breaking. In most of these application areas, the factor that limits performance is the MP arithmetic. The focus of our research is to build and analyze highly optimized libraries that allow the MP operations to be offloaded from the CPU to the GPU ...


Expression Of The Microrna-143/145 Cluster Is Decreased In Hepatitis B Virus-Associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma And May Serve As A Biomarker For Tumorigenesis In Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B, Qi Zhao, Xiangfei Sun, Chao Liu, Tao Li, Juan Cui, Chengyong Qin 2018 Shandong University

Expression Of The Microrna-143/145 Cluster Is Decreased In Hepatitis B Virus-Associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma And May Serve As A Biomarker For Tumorigenesis In Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B, Qi Zhao, Xiangfei Sun, Chao Liu, Tao Li, Juan Cui, Chengyong Qin

CSE Journal Articles

The aims of the present study were to identify the expression profile of microRNA (miR)‑143/145 in hepatitis B virus (HBV)‑associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), explore its association with prognosis and investigate whether the serum miR‑143/145 expression levels may serve as a diagnostic indicator of HBV‑associated HCC. The microRNA (miRNA) chromatin immunoprecipitation dataset was obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Gene Expression Omnibus databases, and analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed‑rank test. It was observed that the expression of miR‑143 and miR‑145 was decreased 1.5‑fold in HBV‑associated HCC ...


High-Order Integral Equation Methods For Quasi-Magnetostatic And Corrosion-Related Field Analysis With Maritime Applications, Robert Pfeiffer 2018 University of Kentucky

High-Order Integral Equation Methods For Quasi-Magnetostatic And Corrosion-Related Field Analysis With Maritime Applications, Robert Pfeiffer

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

This dissertation presents techniques for high-order simulation of electromagnetic fields, particularly for problems involving ships with ferromagnetic hulls and active corrosion-protection systems.

A set of numerically constrained hexahedral basis functions for volume integral equation discretization is presented in a method-of-moments context. Test simulations demonstrate the accuracy achievable with these functions as well as the improvement brought about in system conditioning when compared to other basis sets.

A general method for converting between a locally-corrected Nyström discretization of an integral equation and a method-of-moments discretization is presented next. Several problems involving conducting and magnetic-conducting materials are solved to verify the accuracy ...


Evaluating A Cluster Of Low-Power Arm64 Single-Board Computers With Mapreduce, Daniel McDermott 2018 Eastern Washington University

Evaluating A Cluster Of Low-Power Arm64 Single-Board Computers With Mapreduce, Daniel Mcdermott

EWU Masters Thesis Collection

With the meteoric rise of enormous data collection in science, industry, and the cloud, methods for processing massive datasets have become more crucial than ever. MapReduce is a restricted programing model for expressing parallel computations as simple serial functions, and an execution framework for distributing those computations over large datasets residing on clusters of commodity hardware. MapReduce abstracts away the challenging low-level synchronization and scalability details which parallel and distributed computing often necessitate, reducing the concept burden on programmers and scientists who require data processing at-scale. Typically, MapReduce clusters are implemented using inexpensive commodity hardware, emphasizing quantity over quality due ...


A Practical And Efficient Algorithm For The K-Mismatch Shortest Unique Substring Finding Problem, Daniel Robert Allen 2018 Eastern Washington University

A Practical And Efficient Algorithm For The K-Mismatch Shortest Unique Substring Finding Problem, Daniel Robert Allen

EWU Masters Thesis Collection

This thesis revisits the k-mismatch shortest unique substring (SUS) finding problem and demonstrates that a technique recently presented in the context of solving the k-mismatch average common substring problem can be adapted and combined with parts of the existing solution, resulting in a new algorithm which has expected time complexity of O(n logk n), while maintaining a practical space complexity at O(kn), where n is the string length. When k > 0, which is the hard case, the new proposal significantly improves the any-case O(n2) time complexity of the prior best method for k-mismatch SUS finding ...


Data Visualization And Classification Of Artificially Created Images, Dmytro Dovhalets 2018 Central Washington University

Data Visualization And Classification Of Artificially Created Images, Dmytro Dovhalets

All Master's Theses

Visualization of multidimensional data is a long-standing challenge in machine learning and knowledge discovery. A problem arises as soon as 4-dimensions are introduced since we live in a 3-dimensional world. There are methods out there which can visualize multidimensional data, but loss of information and clutter are still a problem. General Line Coordinates (GLC) can losslessly project n-dimensional data in 2- dimensions. A new method is introduced based on GLC called GLC-L. This new method can do interactive visualization, dimension reduction, and supervised learning. One of the applications of GLC-L is transformation of vector data into image data. This novel ...


Big Networks: Analysis And Optimal Control, Hung The Nguyen 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Big Networks: Analysis And Optimal Control, Hung The Nguyen

Theses and Dissertations

The study of networks has seen a tremendous breed of researches due to the explosive spectrum of practical problems that involve networks as the access point. Those problems widely range from detecting functionally correlated proteins in biology to finding people to give discounts and gain maximum popularity of a product in economics. Thus, understanding and further being able to manipulate/control the development and evolution of the networks become critical tasks for network scientists. Despite the vast research effort putting towards these studies, the present state-of-the-arts largely either lack of high quality solutions or require excessive amount of time in ...


Guidelines And Considerations For The Use Of System Suitability And Quality Control Samples In Mass Spectrometry Assays Applied In Untargeted Clinical Metabolomic Studies, David Broadhurst, Royston Goodacre, Stacey N. Reinke, Julia Kuligowski, Ian Wilson, Matthew Lewis, Warwick Dunn 2018 Edith Cowan University

Guidelines And Considerations For The Use Of System Suitability And Quality Control Samples In Mass Spectrometry Assays Applied In Untargeted Clinical Metabolomic Studies, David Broadhurst, Royston Goodacre, Stacey N. Reinke, Julia Kuligowski, Ian Wilson, Matthew Lewis, Warwick Dunn

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background

Quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) are two quality management processes that are integral to the success of metabolomics including their application for the acquisition of high quality data in any high-throughput analytical chemistry laboratory. QA defines all the planned and systematic activities implemented before samples are collected, to provide confidence that a subsequent analytical process will fulfil predetermined requirements for quality. QC can be defined as the operational techniques and activities used to measure and report these quality requirements after data acquisition.

Aim of review

This tutorial review will guide the reader through the use of system ...


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