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Real-Time Rfi Mitigation In Radio Astronomy, Emily Ramey, Nick Joslyn, Richard Prestage, Michael Lam, Luke Hawkins, Tim Blattner, Mark Whitehead 2019 Washington University in St. Louis

Real-Time Rfi Mitigation In Radio Astronomy, Emily Ramey, Nick Joslyn, Richard Prestage, Michael Lam, Luke Hawkins, Tim Blattner, Mark Whitehead

Senior Honors Papers / Undergraduate Theses

As the use of wireless technology has increased around the world, Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) has become more and more of a problem for radio astronomers. Preventative measures exist to limit the presence of RFI, and programs exist to remove it from saved data, but the use of algorithms to detect and remove RFI as an observation is occurring is much less common. Such a method would be incredibly useful for observations in which the data must undergo several rounds of processing before being saved, as in pulsar timing studies. Strategies for real-time mitigation have been discussed and tested with ...


Cs04all: Machine Learning Module, Hunter R. Johnson 2019 CUNY John Jay College

Cs04all: Machine Learning Module, Hunter R. Johnson

Open Educational Resources

These are materials that may be used in a CS0 course as a light introduction to machine learning.

The materials are mostly Jupyter notebooks which contain a combination of labwork and lecture notes. There are notebooks on Classification, An Introduction to Numpy, and An Introduction to Pandas.

There are also two assessments that could be assigned to students. One is an essay assignment in which students are asked to read and respond to an article on machine bias. The other is a lab-like exercise in which students use pandas and numpy to extract useful information about subway ridership in NYC ...


Extending Set Functors To Generalised Metric Spaces, Adriana Balan, Alexander Kurz, Jiří Velebil 2019 University Politehnica of Bucharest

Extending Set Functors To Generalised Metric Spaces, Adriana Balan, Alexander Kurz, Jiří Velebil

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

For a commutative quantale V, the category V-cat can be perceived as a category of generalised metric spaces and non-expanding maps. We show that any type constructor T (formalised as an endofunctor on sets) can be extended in a canonical way to a type constructor TV on V-cat. The proof yields methods of explicitly calculating the extension in concrete examples, which cover well-known notions such as the Pompeiu-Hausdorff metric as well as new ones.

Conceptually, this allows us to to solve the same recursive domain equation X ≅ TX in different categories (such as sets and metric spaces) and we ...


An Evaluation Of Training Size Impact On Validation Accuracy For Optimized Convolutional Neural Networks, Jostein Barry-Straume, Adam Tschannen, Daniel W. Engels, Edward Fine 2019 Southern Methodist University

An Evaluation Of Training Size Impact On Validation Accuracy For Optimized Convolutional Neural Networks, Jostein Barry-Straume, Adam Tschannen, Daniel W. Engels, Edward Fine

SMU Data Science Review

In this paper, we present an evaluation of training size impact on validation accuracy for an optimized Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). CNNs are currently the state-of-the-art architecture for object classification tasks. We used Amazon’s machine learning ecosystem to train and test 648 models to find the optimal hyperparameters with which to apply a CNN towards the Fashion-MNIST (Mixed National Institute of Standards and Technology) dataset. We were able to realize a validation accuracy of 90% by using only 40% of the original data. We found that hidden layers appear to have had zero impact on validation accuracy, whereas the ...


Improving Vix Futures Forecasts Using Machine Learning Methods, James Hosker, Slobodan Djurdjevic, Hieu Nguyen, Robert Slater 2019 Southern Methodist University

Improving Vix Futures Forecasts Using Machine Learning Methods, James Hosker, Slobodan Djurdjevic, Hieu Nguyen, Robert Slater

SMU Data Science Review

The problem of forecasting market volatility is a difficult task for most fund managers. Volatility forecasts are used for risk management, alpha (risk) trading, and the reduction of trading friction. Improving the forecasts of future market volatility assists fund managers in adding or reducing risk in their portfolios as well as in increasing hedges to protect their portfolios in anticipation of a market sell-off event. Our analysis compares three existing financial models that forecast future market volatility using the Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index (VIX) to six machine/deep learning supervised regression methods. This analysis determines which models provide ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2018 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Feasible Form Parameter Design Of Complex Ship Hull Form Geometry, Thomas L. McCulloch 2018 University of New Orleans

Feasible Form Parameter Design Of Complex Ship Hull Form Geometry, Thomas L. Mcculloch

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

This thesis introduces a new methodology for robust form parameter design of complex hull form geometry via constraint programming, automatic differentiation, interval arithmetic, and truncated hierarchical B- splines. To date, there has been no clearly stated methodology for assuring consistency of general (equality and inequality) constraints across an entire geometric form parameter ship hull design space. In contrast, the method to be given here can be used to produce guaranteed narrowing of the design space, such that infeasible portions are eliminated. Furthermore, we can guarantee that any set of form parameters generated by our method will be self consistent. It ...


Pasnet: Pathway-Associated Sparse Deepneural Network For Prognosis Prediction From High-Throughput Data, Jie Hao, Youngsoon Kim, Tae-Kyung Kim, Mingon Kang 2018 Kennesaw State University

Pasnet: Pathway-Associated Sparse Deepneural Network For Prognosis Prediction From High-Throughput Data, Jie Hao, Youngsoon Kim, Tae-Kyung Kim, Mingon Kang

Faculty Publications

Background: Predicting prognosis in patients from large-scale genomic data is a fundamentally challenging problem in genomic medicine. However, the prognosis still remains poor in many diseases. The poor prognosis maybe caused by high complexity of biological systems, where multiple biological components and their hierarchical relationships are involved. Moreover, it is challenging to develop robust computational solutions with high-dimension, low-sample size data. Results: In this study, we propose a Pathway-Associated Sparse Deep Neural Network (PASNet) that not only predicts patients’ prognoses but also describes complex biological processes regarding biological pathways for prognosis. PASNet models a multilayered, hierarchical biological system of genes ...


Regularity Radius: Properties, Approximation And A Not A Priori Exponential Algorithm, David Hartman, Milan Hladik 2018 Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Department of Applied Mathematics, Prague, Czech Republic and Institute of Computer Science, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic.

Regularity Radius: Properties, Approximation And A Not A Priori Exponential Algorithm, David Hartman, Milan Hladik

Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra

The radius of regularity, sometimes spelled as the radius of nonsingularity, is a measure providing the distance of a given matrix to the nearest singular one. Despite its possible application strength this measure is still far from being handled in an efficient way also due to findings of Poljak and Rohn providing proof that checking this property is NP-hard for a general matrix. There are basically two approaches to handle this situation. Firstly, approximation algorithms are applied and secondly, tighter bounds for radius of regularity are considered. Improvements of both approaches have been recently shown by Hartman and Hlad\'{i ...


Calculating The Cohomology Of A Lie Algebra Using Maple And The Serre Hochschild Spectral Sequence, Jacob Kullberg 2018 Utah State University

Calculating The Cohomology Of A Lie Algebra Using Maple And The Serre Hochschild Spectral Sequence, Jacob Kullberg

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Lie algebra cohomology is an important tool in many branches of mathematics. It is used in the Topology of homogeneous spaces, Deformation theory, and Extension theory. There exists extensive theory for calculating the cohomology of semi simple Lie algebras, but more tools are needed for calculating the cohomology of general Lie algebras. To calculate the cohomology of general Lie algebras, I used the symbolic software program called Maple. I wrote software to calculate the cohomology in several different ways. I wrote several programs to calculate the cohomology directly. This proved to be computationally expensive as the number of differential forms ...


Computational Modeling Of Radiation Interactions With Molecular Nitrogen, Tyler Reese 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

Computational Modeling Of Radiation Interactions With Molecular Nitrogen, Tyler Reese

Dissertations

The ability to detect radiation through identifying secondary effects it has on its surrounding medium would extend the range at which detections could be made and would be a valuable asset to many industries. The development of such a detection instrument requires an accurate prediction of these secondary effects. This research aims to improve on existing modeling techniques and help provide a method for predicting results for an affected medium in the presence of radioactive materials. A review of radioactivity and the interactions mechanisms for emitted particles as well as a brief history of the Monte Carlo Method and its ...


Deep Air Learning: Interpolation, Prediction, And Feature Analysis Of Fine-Grained Air Quality, Zhongang QI, Tianchun WANG, Guojie SONG, Weisong HU, Xi LI, Zhongfei Mark ZHANG 2018 Oregon State University

Deep Air Learning: Interpolation, Prediction, And Feature Analysis Of Fine-Grained Air Quality, Zhongang Qi, Tianchun Wang, Guojie Song, Weisong Hu, Xi Li, Zhongfei Mark Zhang

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

The interpolation, prediction, and feature analysis of fine-gained air quality are three important topics in the area of urban air computing. The solutions to these topics can provide extremely useful information to support air pollution control, and consequently generate great societal and technical impacts. Most of the existing work solves the three problems separately by different models. In this paper, we propose a general and effective approach to solve the three problems in one model called the Deep Air Learning (DAL). The main idea of DAL lies in embedding feature selection and semi-supervised learning in different layers of the deep ...


Using Smart Card Data To Model Commuters’ Response Upon Unexpected Train Delays, Xiancai TIAN, Baihua ZHENG 2018 Singapore Management University

Using Smart Card Data To Model Commuters’ Response Upon Unexpected Train Delays, Xiancai Tian, Baihua Zheng

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

The mass rapid transit (MRT) network is playingan increasingly important role in Singapore’s transit network,thanks to its advantages of higher capacity and faster speed.Unfortunately, due to aging infrastructure, increasing demand,and other reasons like adverse weather condition, commuters inSingapore recently have been facing increasing unexpected traindelays (UTDs), which has become a source of frustration forboth commuters and operators. Most, if not all, existing workson delay management do not consider commuters’ behavior. Wededicate this paper to the study of commuters’ behavior duringUTDs. We adopt a data-driven approach to analyzing the sixmonth’ real data collected by automated fare collection ...


Automatic Identification Of Animals In The Wild: A Comparative Study Between C-Capsule Networks And Deep Convolutional Neural Networks., Joel Kamdem Teto, Ying Xie 2018 Kennesaw State University

Automatic Identification Of Animals In The Wild: A Comparative Study Between C-Capsule Networks And Deep Convolutional Neural Networks., Joel Kamdem Teto, Ying Xie

Master of Science in Computer Science Theses

The evolution of machine learning and computer vision in technology has driven a lot of

improvements and innovation into several domains. We see it being applied for credit decisions, insurance quotes, malware detection, fraud detection, email composition, and any other area having enough information to allow the machine to learn patterns. Over the years the number of sensors, cameras, and cognitive pieces of equipment placed in the wilderness has been growing exponentially. However, the resources (human) to leverage these data into something meaningful are not improving at the same rate. For instance, a team of scientist volunteers took 8.4 ...


Seasonal Warranty Prediction Based On Recurrent Event Data, Qianqian Shan, Yili Hong, William Q. Meeker Jr. 2018 Iowa State University

Seasonal Warranty Prediction Based On Recurrent Event Data, Qianqian Shan, Yili Hong, William Q. Meeker Jr.

Statistics Preprints

Warranty return data from repairable systems, such as vehicles, usually result in recurrent event data. The non-homogeneous Poisson process (NHPP) model is used widely to describe such data. Seasonality in the repair frequencies and other variabilities, however, complicate the modeling of recurrent event data. Not much work has been done to address the seasonality, and this paper provides a general approach for the application of NHPP models with dynamic covariates to predict seasonal warranty returns. A hierarchical clustering method is used to stratify the population into groups that are more homogeneous than the than the overall population. The stratification facilitates ...


Reaction Simulations: A Rapid Development Framework, Brendan Drake Donohoe 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Reaction Simulations: A Rapid Development Framework, Brendan Drake Donohoe

Shared Knowledge Conference

Chemical Reaction Networks (CRNs) are a popular tool in the chemical sciences for providing a means of analyzing and modeling complex reaction systems. In recent years, CRNs have attracted attention in the field of molecular computing for their ability to simulate the components of a digital computer. The reactions within such networks may occur at several different scales relative to one another – at rates often too difficult to directly measure and analyze in a laboratory setting. To facilitate the construction and analysis of such networks, we propose a reduced order model for simulating such networks as a system of Differential ...


Latent Dirichlet Allocation For Textual Student Feedback Analysis, Swapna GOTTIPATI, Venky SHANKARARAMAN, Jeff Rongsheng LIN 2018 Singapore Management University

Latent Dirichlet Allocation For Textual Student Feedback Analysis, Swapna Gottipati, Venky Shankararaman, Jeff Rongsheng Lin

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Education institutions collect feedback from students upon course completionand analyse it to improve curriculum design, delivery methodology and students' learningexperience. A large part of feedback comes in the form textual comments, which pose achallenge in quantifying and deriving insights. In this paper, we present a novel approach ofthe Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) model to address this difficulty in handling textualstudent feedback. The analysis of quantitative part of student feedback provides generalratings and helps to identify aspects of the teaching that are successful and those that canimprove. The reasons for the failure or success, however, can only be deduced by analysingthe ...


A Survey Of Software Metric Use In Research Software Development, Nasir U. Eisty, George K. Thiruvathukal, Jeffrey C. Carver 2018 University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa

A Survey Of Software Metric Use In Research Software Development, Nasir U. Eisty, George K. Thiruvathukal, Jeffrey C. Carver

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Background: Breakthroughs in research increasingly depend on complex software libraries, tools, and applications aimed at supporting specific science, engineering, business, or humanities disciplines. The complexity and criticality of this software motivate the need for ensuring quality and reliability. Software metrics are a key tool for assessing, measuring, and understanding software quality and reliability. Aims: The goal of this work is to better understand how research software developers use traditional software engineering concepts, like metrics, to support and evaluate both the software and the software development process. One key aspect of this goal is to identify how the set of metrics ...


Introducing The Fractional Differentiation For Clinical Data-Justified Prostate Cancer Modelling Under Iad Therapy, Ozlem Ozturk Mizrak 2018 Illinois State University

Introducing The Fractional Differentiation For Clinical Data-Justified Prostate Cancer Modelling Under Iad Therapy, Ozlem Ozturk Mizrak

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Modeling And Simulation With Deep Learning Methods Of Cancer Growth For Patient-Specific Therapy, Vishal Kobla, Joshua P. Smith, Pranav Unni, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer 2018 Academies of Loudoun

Mathematical Modeling And Simulation With Deep Learning Methods Of Cancer Growth For Patient-Specific Therapy, Vishal Kobla, Joshua P. Smith, Pranav Unni, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


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