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Designing Novel Nanostructured Permanent Magnets, Ali Al Kadhim 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Designing Novel Nanostructured Permanent Magnets, Ali Al Kadhim

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Rare earth element based alloys have been the source of high performance magnetic alloys, and have played a paramount role in the development of various technologies, including: memory devices (such as credit cards, random-access memory), sensors, and various biomedical applications. However, there is a tremendous need to replace rare earth metals with material with powerful magnetic properties. Our group recently found CrTe-based materials that show very promising magnetic properties in nanostructured form. The magnetic modeling of such material in nanostructured form prior to their fabrication demonstrates their magnetic properties in bulk form. In this project, we investigate the behavior of ...


Optimizing Campus Mobility With A Focus On Sustainability: A Graph Theory Approach To Intra-Campus Transportation Networks, Quinn M. Nelson 2017 Quinn Nelson

Optimizing Campus Mobility With A Focus On Sustainability: A Graph Theory Approach To Intra-Campus Transportation Networks, Quinn M. Nelson

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The idea of public transportation is supported by most in theory but often heavily criticized by users when put into application. There are common tensions that are related to public transportation, as described by frequent users: unreliable, too crowded, and slow. The University of Nebraska-Omaha (UNO) is a growing metropolitan institution that uses a shuttle system to transport students among their three campuses daily. As of 2015, the current total student enrollment is approximately 16,000; UNO plans to enroll 20,000 students by 2020. The expected student growth is also reflected by the current construction of new buildings and ...


Multiple Fermi Surfaces In Superconducting Nb-Doped Bi2Se3, B. J. Lawson, Paul Corbae, Gang Li, Fan Yu, Tomoya Asaba, Colin Tinsman, Y. Qiu, Julia E. Medvedeva, Yew San Hor, L. Li 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Multiple Fermi Surfaces In Superconducting Nb-Doped Bi2Se3, B. J. Lawson, Paul Corbae, Gang Li, Fan Yu, Tomoya Asaba, Colin Tinsman, Y. Qiu, Julia E. Medvedeva, Yew San Hor, L. Li

Julia E. Medvedeva

Topological insulator Bi2Se3 has shown a number of interesting physical properties. Doping Bi2Se3 with copper or strontium has been demonstrated to make the material superconducting and potentially even a topological superconductor. The recent discovery of superconducting niobium-doped Bi2Se3 reveals an exciting new physical phenomenon, the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetic ordering, as well as signatures of an odd-parity p-wave superconducting order. To understand this new phenomenon, a detailed knowledge of the electronic structure is needed. We present an observation of quantum oscillations in the magnetization (the de Haas-van Alphen effect) of Nb-doped Bi2Se3. In the fully superconducting crystal, two distinct ...


Composition-Dependent Structural And Transport Properties Of Amorphous Transparent Conducting Oxides, Rabi Khanal, D. Bruce Buchholz, Robert P. Chang, Julia E. Medvedeva 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Composition-Dependent Structural And Transport Properties Of Amorphous Transparent Conducting Oxides, Rabi Khanal, D. Bruce Buchholz, Robert P. Chang, Julia E. Medvedeva

Julia E. Medvedeva

Structural properties of amorphous In-based oxides, In-X-O with X=Zn, Ga, Sn, or Ge, are investigated using ab initio molecular dynamics liquid-quench simulations. The results reveal that indium retains its average coordination of 5.0 upon 20% X fractional substitution for In, whereas X cations satisfy their natural coordination with oxygen atoms. This finding suggests that the carrier generation is primarily governed by In atoms, in accord with the observed carrier concentration in amorphous In-O and In-X-O. At the same time, the presence of X affects the number of six-coordinated In atoms as well as the oxygen sharing between the ...


A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, Tingting Tang 2017 University of Kentucky

A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, Tingting Tang

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Wildfires are becoming increasingly erratic nowadays at least in part because of climate change. CFD (computational fluid dynamics)-based models with the potential of simulating extreme behaviors are gaining increasing attention as a means to predict such behavior in order to aid firefighting efforts. This dissertation describes a wildfire model based on the current understanding of wildfire physics. The model includes physics of turbulence, inhomogeneous porous fuel beds, heat release, ignition, and firebrands. A discrete dynamical system for flow in porous media is derived and incorporated into the subgrid-scale model for synthetic-velocity large-eddy simulation (LES), and a general porosity-permeability model ...


Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Three Body Interactions Of Rare Gas Solids Calculated Within The Einstein Model, Dan D'Andrea 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Three Body Interactions Of Rare Gas Solids Calculated Within The Einstein Model, Dan D'Andrea

Masters Theses

Three body interactions can become important in solids at higher pressures and densities as the molecules can come into close contact. At low temperatures, accurate studies of three body interactions in solids require averaging the three-body terms over the molecules' zero point motions. An efficient, but approximate, averaging approach is based on a polynomial approximation of the three-body term. The polynomial approximation can be developed as a function of the symmetry coordinates of a triangle displaced from its average geometry and also as a function of the Cartesian zero point displacements from each atom’s average position. The polynomial approximation ...


Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook 2016 University of Maine

Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is concerned with the development of robust numerical solution procedures for the generalized micromechanical analysis of linear and nonlinear constitutive behavior in heterogeneous materials. Although the methods developed are applicable in many engineering, geological, and materials science fields, three main areas are explored in this work. First, a numerical methodology is presented for the thermomechanical analysis of heterogeneous materials with a special focus on real polycrystalline microstructures obtained using electron backscatter diffraction techniques. Asymptotic expansion homogenization and finite element analysis are employed for micromechanical analysis of polycrystalline materials. Effective thermoelastic properties of polycrystalline materials are determined and compared ...


Seeing Human Weight From A Single Rgb-D Image, Tam Nguyen, Jiashi Feng, Shuicheng Yan 2016 University of Dayton

Seeing Human Weight From A Single Rgb-D Image, Tam Nguyen, Jiashi Feng, Shuicheng Yan

Tam Nguyen

Human weight estimation is useful in a variety of potential applications, e.g., targeted advertisement, entertainment scenarios and forensic science. However, estimating weight only from color cues is particularly challenging since these cues are quite sensitive to lighting and imaging conditions. In this article, we propose a novel weight estimator based on a single RGB-D image, which utilizes the visual color cues and depth information. Our main contributions are three-fold.

First, we construct the W8-RGBD dataset including RGB-D images of different people with ground truth weight.

Second, the novel sideview shape feature and the feature fusion model are proposed to ...


Towards Comprehensive Parametric Code Generation Targeting Graphics Processing Units In Support Of Scientific Computation, Ning Xie 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Towards Comprehensive Parametric Code Generation Targeting Graphics Processing Units In Support Of Scientific Computation, Ning Xie

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The most popular multithreaded languages based on the fork-join concurrency model (CIlkPlus, OpenMP) are currently being extended to support other forms of parallelism (vectorization, pipelining and single-instruction-multiple-data (SIMD)). In the SIMD case, the objective is to execute the corresponding code on a many-core device, like a GPGPU, for which the CUDA language is a natural choice. Since the programming concepts of CilkPlus and OpenMP are very different from those of CUDA, it is desirable to automatically generate optimized CUDA-like code from CilkPlus or OpenMP.

In this thesis, we propose an accelerator model for annotated C/C++ code together with an ...


Homogenization Of Plastic Deformation In Heterogeneous Lamella Structures, Rui Yuan, Irene J. Beyerlein, Caizhi Zhou 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Homogenization Of Plastic Deformation In Heterogeneous Lamella Structures, Rui Yuan, Irene J. Beyerlein, Caizhi Zhou

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

It has been shown that unlike its constituent nanocrystalline (NC) phase, a heterogeneous lamella (HL) composite comprising NC and coarse-grain layers exhibits greatly improved ductility. To understand the origin of this enhancement, we present a 3D discrete dislocation, crystal plasticity finite element model to study the development of strains across this microstructure. Here we show that the HL structure homogenizes the plastic strains in the NC layer, weakening the effect of strain concentrations. These findings can provide valuable insight into the effects of material length scales on material instabilities, which is needed to design heterogeneous structures with superior properties.


Passive Rifting Of Thick Lithosphere In The Southern East African Rift: Evidence From Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuity Topography, Cory A. Reed, Kelly H. Liu, Patrick R. Chindandali, Belarmino Massingue, Hassan Mdala, Daniel Mutamina, Youqiang Yu, Stephen S. Gao 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Passive Rifting Of Thick Lithosphere In The Southern East African Rift: Evidence From Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuity Topography, Cory A. Reed, Kelly H. Liu, Patrick R. Chindandali, Belarmino Massingue, Hassan Mdala, Daniel Mutamina, Youqiang Yu, Stephen S. Gao

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

To investigate the mechanisms for the initiation and early-stage evolution of the nonvolcanic southernmost segments of the East African Rift System (EARS), we installed and operated 35 broadband seismic stations across the Malawi and Luangwa rift zones over a 2 year period from mid-2012 to mid-2014. Stacking of over 1900 high-quality receiver functions provides the first regional-scale image of the 410 and 660 km seismic discontinuities bounding the mantle transition zone (MTZ) within the vicinity of the rift zones. When a 1-D standard Earth model is used for time-depth conversion, a normal MTZ thickness of 250 km is found beneath ...


Shape Analysis Of Traffic Flow Curves Using A Hybrid Computational Analysis, W. Kayani, S. P. Acharya, Ivan Guardiola, Donald C. Wunsch, B. Schumacher, Isaac Wagner-Muns 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Shape Analysis Of Traffic Flow Curves Using A Hybrid Computational Analysis, W. Kayani, S. P. Acharya, Ivan Guardiola, Donald C. Wunsch, B. Schumacher, Isaac Wagner-Muns

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper highlights and validates the use of shape analysis using Mathematical Morphology tools as a means to develop meaningful clustering of historical data. Furthermore, through clustering more appropriate grouping can be accomplished that can result in the better parameterization or estimation of models. This results in more effective prediction model development. Hence, in an effort to highlight this within the research herein, a Back-Propagation Neural Network is used to validate the classification achieved through the employment of MM tools. Specifically, the Granulometric Size Distribution (GSD) is used to achieve clustering of daily traffic flow patterns based solely on their ...


Editorial: Trust Management For Multimedia Big Data, Zheng YAN, Jun LIU, DENG, Robert H., Francisco HERRERA 2016 Singapore Management University

Editorial: Trust Management For Multimedia Big Data, Zheng Yan, Jun Liu, Deng, Robert H., Francisco Herrera

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

No abstract provided.


Software Engineering For Science, Jeffrey C. Carver, Neil P. Chue Hong, George K. Thiruvathukal 2016 University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa

Software Engineering For Science, Jeffrey C. Carver, Neil P. Chue Hong, George K. Thiruvathukal

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Software Engineering for Science provides an in-depth collection of peer-reviewed chapters that describe experiences with applying software engineering practices to the development of scientific software. It provides a better understanding of how software engineering is and should be practiced, and which software engineering practices are effective for scientific software.

The book starts with a detailed overview of the Scientific Software Lifecycle, and a general overview of the scientific software development process. It highlights key issues commonly arising during scientific software development, as well as solutions to these problems.

The second part of the book provides examples of the use of ...


Fractal Analysis Of Dna Sequences, Christian G. Arias, Pedro Antonio Moreno Phd, Carlos Tellez 2016 Universidad del Valle - Colombia - Georgia Institute of Technology

Fractal Analysis Of Dna Sequences, Christian G. Arias, Pedro Antonio Moreno Phd, Carlos Tellez

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


An Environmental Impact Evaluation Model Generated By Compound Probability Distributions, Devin Akman, Olcay Akman 2016 University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

An Environmental Impact Evaluation Model Generated By Compound Probability Distributions, Devin Akman, Olcay Akman

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Teaching Systems Biology Of The Circadian Clock With Journal Articles And Matlab, Stephanie R. Taylor 2016 Colby College

Teaching Systems Biology Of The Circadian Clock With Journal Articles And Matlab, Stephanie R. Taylor

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


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