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Detection Of Jamming Attacks In Vanets, Thomas Justice 2024 East Tennessee State University

Detection Of Jamming Attacks In Vanets, Thomas Justice

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A vehicular network is a type of communication network that enables vehicles to communicate with each other and the roadside infrastructure. The roadside infrastructure consists of fixed nodes such as roadside units (RSUs), traffic lights, road signs, toll booths, and so on. RSUs are devices equipped with communication capabilities that allow vehicles to obtain and share real-time information about traffic conditions, weather, road hazards, and other relevant information. These infrastructures assist in traffic management, emergency response, smart parking, autonomous driving, and public transportation to improve roadside safety, reduce traffic congestion, and enhance the overall driving experience. However, communication between the …


An In-Network Approach For Pmu Missing Data Recovery With Data Plane Programmability, Jack Norris 2024 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

An In-Network Approach For Pmu Missing Data Recovery With Data Plane Programmability, Jack Norris

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Phasor measurement unit (PMU) systems often experience unavoidable missing and erroneous measurements, which undermine power system observability and operational effectiveness. Traditional solutions for recovering missing PMU data employ a centralized approach at the control center, resulting in lengthy recovery times due to data transmission and aggregation. In this work, we leverage P4-based programmable networks to expedite missing data recovery. Our approach utilizes the data plane programmability offered by P4 to present an in-network solution for PMU data recovery. We establish a data-plane pipeline on P4 switches, featuring a customized PMU protocol parser, a missing data detection module, and an auto-regressive …


Multi-Script Handwriting Identification By Fragmenting Strokes, Joshua Jude Thomas 2024 University of South Alabama

Multi-Script Handwriting Identification By Fragmenting Strokes, Joshua Jude Thomas

<strong> Theses and Dissertations </strong>

This study tests the effectiveness of Multi-Script Handwriting Identification after simplifying character strokes, by segmenting them into sub-parts. Character simplification is performed through splitting the character by branching-points and end-points, a process called stroke fragmentation in this study. The resulting sub-parts of the character are called stroke fragments and are evaluated individually to identify the writer. This process shares similarities with the concept of stroke decomposition in Optical Character Recognition which attempts to recognize characters through the writing strokes that make them up. The main idea of this study is that the characters of different writing‑scripts (English, Chinese, etc.) may …


Guardians Of The Data: Government Use Of Ai And Iot In The Digital Age, Jannat Saeed 2024 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Guardians Of The Data: Government Use Of Ai And Iot In The Digital Age, Jannat Saeed

Honors Theses

The exponential growth of technology, epitomized by Moore's Law – “the observation that the number of transistors on an integrated circuit will double every two years”– has propelled the swift evolution of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies. This phenomenon has revolutionized various facets of daily life, from smart home devices to autonomous vehicles, reshaping how individuals interact with the world around them. However, as governments worldwide increasingly harness these innovations to monitor and collect personal data, profound privacy concerns have arisen among the general populace. Despite the ubiquity of AI and IoT in modern society, formal …


A Design Science Approach To Investigating Decentralized Identity Technology, Janelle Krupicka 2024 William & Mary

A Design Science Approach To Investigating Decentralized Identity Technology, Janelle Krupicka

Cybersecurity Undergraduate Research Showcase

The internet needs secure forms of identity authentication to function properly, but identity authentication is not a core part of the internet’s architecture. Instead, approaches to identity verification vary, often using centralized stores of identity information that are targets of cyber attacks. Decentralized identity is a secure way to manage identity online that puts users’ identities in their own hands and that has the potential to become a core part of cybersecurity. However, decentralized identity technology is new and continually evolving, which makes implementing this technology in an organizational setting challenging. This paper suggests that, in the future, decentralized identity …


Binder, Tyler A. Peaster, Lindsey M. Davenport, Madelyn Little, Alex Bales 2024 Arkansas Tech University

Binder, Tyler A. Peaster, Lindsey M. Davenport, Madelyn Little, Alex Bales

ATU Research Symposium

Binder is a mobile application that aims to introduce readers to a book recommendation service that appeals to devoted and casual readers. The main goal of Binder is to enrich book selection and reading experience. This project was created in response to deficiencies in the mobile space for book suggestions, library management, and reading personalization. The tools we used to create the project include Visual Studio, .Net Maui Framework, C#, XAML, CSS, MongoDB, NoSQL, Git, GitHub, and Figma. The project’s selection of books were sourced from the Google Books repository. Binder aims to provide an intuitive interface that allows users …


Techniques To Detect Fake Profiles On Social Media Using The New Age Algorithms – A Survey, A K M Rubaiyat Reza Habib, Edidiong Elijah Akpan 2024 Arkansas Tech University

Techniques To Detect Fake Profiles On Social Media Using The New Age Algorithms – A Survey, A K M Rubaiyat Reza Habib, Edidiong Elijah Akpan

ATU Research Symposium

This research explores the growing issue of fake accounts in Online Social Networks [OSNs]. While platforms like Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook foster connections, their lax authentication measures have attracted many scammers and cybercriminals. Fake profiles conduct malicious activities, such as phishing, spreading misinformation, and inciting social discord. The consequences range from cyberbullying to deceptive commercial practices. Detecting fake profiles manually is often challenging and causes considerable stress and trust issues for the users. Typically, a social media user scrutinizes various elements like the profile picture, bio, and shared posts to identify fake profiles. These evaluations sometimes lead users to conclude …


Data Profits Vs. Privacy Rights: Ethical Concerns In Data Commerce, Amiah Armstrong 2024 Old Dominion University

Data Profits Vs. Privacy Rights: Ethical Concerns In Data Commerce, Amiah Armstrong

Cybersecurity Undergraduate Research Showcase

In today’s digital age, the collection and sale of customer data for advertising is gaining a growing number of ethical concerns. The act of amassing extensive datasets encompassing customer preferences, behaviors, and personal information raises questions of its true purpose. It is widely acknowledged that companies track and store their customer’s digital activities under the pretext of benefiting the customer, but at what cost? Are users aware of how much of their data is being collected? Do they understand the trade-off between personalized services and the potential invasion of their privacy? This paper aims to show the advantages and disadvantages …


A Case Study Of The Crashoverride Malware, Its Effects And Possible Countermeasures, Samuel Rector 2024 Tidewater Community College

A Case Study Of The Crashoverride Malware, Its Effects And Possible Countermeasures, Samuel Rector

Cybersecurity Undergraduate Research Showcase

CRASHOVERRIDE is a modular malware tailor-made for electric grid Industrial Control System (ICS) equipment and was deployed by a group named ELECTRUM in a Ukrainian substation. The malware would launch a protocol exploit to flip breakers and would then wipe the system of ICS files. Finally, it would execute a Denial Of Service (DOS) attack on protective relays. In effect, months of damage and thousands out of power. However, due to oversights the malware only caused a brief power outage. Though the implications of the malware are cause for researching and implementing countermeasures against others to come. The CISA recommends …


Investigating Vulnerabilities In The Bluetooth Host Layer In Linux, Jack DiBari 2024 Old Dominion University

Investigating Vulnerabilities In The Bluetooth Host Layer In Linux, Jack Dibari

Cybersecurity Undergraduate Research Showcase

This paper investigates vulnerabilities within the Bluetooth host layer in Linux systems. It examines the Bluetooth protocol's evolution, focusing on its implementation in Linux, particularly through the BlueZ host software. Various vulnerabilities, including BleedingTooth, BLESA, and SweynTooth, are analyzed.


What Students Have To Say On Data Privacy For Educational Technology, Stephanie Choi 2024 William & Mary

What Students Have To Say On Data Privacy For Educational Technology, Stephanie Choi

Cybersecurity Undergraduate Research Showcase

The literature on data privacy in terms of educational technology is a growing area of study. The perspective of educators has been captured extensively. However, the literature on students’ perspectives is missing, which is what we explore in this paper. We use a pragmatic qualitative approach with an experiential lens to capture students’ attitudes towards data privacy in terms of educational technology. We identified preliminary, common themes that appeared in the survey responses. The paper concludes by calling for more research on how students perceive data privacy in terms of educational technology.


Comparing Cognitive Theories Of Learning Transfer To Advance Cybersecurity Instruction, Assessment, And Testing, Daniel T. Hickey Ph.D., Ronald J. Kantor 2024 Indiana University - Bloomington

Comparing Cognitive Theories Of Learning Transfer To Advance Cybersecurity Instruction, Assessment, And Testing, Daniel T. Hickey Ph.D., Ronald J. Kantor

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

The cybersecurity threat landscape evolves quickly, continually, and consequentially. This means that the transfer of cybersecurity learning is crucial. We compared how different recognized “cognitive” transfer theories might help explain and synergize three aspects of cybersecurity education. These include teaching and training in diverse settings, assessing learning formatively & summatively, and testing & measuring achievement, proficiency, & readiness. We excluded newer sociocultural theories and their implications for inclusion as we explore those theories elsewhere. We first summarized the history of cybersecurity education and proficiency standards considering transfer theories. We then explored each theory and reviewed the most relevant cybersecurity education …


Improving Educational Delivery And Content In Juvenile Detention Centers, Yomna Elmousalami 2024 Old Dominion University

Improving Educational Delivery And Content In Juvenile Detention Centers, Yomna Elmousalami

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Students in juvenile detention centers have the greatest need to receive improvements in educational delivery and content; however, they are one of the “truly disadvantaged” populations in terms of receiving those improvements. This work presents a qualitative data analysis based on a focus group meeting with stakeholders at a local Juvenile Detention Center. The current educational system in juvenile detention centers is based on paper worksheets, single-room style teaching methods, outdated technology, and a shortage of textbooks and teachers. In addition, detained students typically have behavioral challenges that are deemed "undesired" in society. As a result, many students miss classes …


An Analysis And Ontology Of Teaching Methods In Cybersecurity Education, Sarah Buckley 2024 Louisiana State University

An Analysis And Ontology Of Teaching Methods In Cybersecurity Education, Sarah Buckley

LSU Master's Theses

The growing cybersecurity workforce gap underscores the urgent need to address deficiencies in cybersecurity education: the current education system is not producing competent cybersecurity professionals, and current efforts are not informing the non-technical general public of basic cybersecurity practices. We argue that this gap is compounded by a fundamental disconnect between cybersecurity education literature and established education theory. Our research addresses this issue by examining the alignment of cybersecurity education literature concerning educational methods and tools with education literature.

In our research, we endeavor to bridge this gap by critically analyzing the alignment of cybersecurity education literature with education theory. …


An Efficient Privacy-Preserving Framework For Video Analytics, Tian Zhou 2024 University of Massachusetts Amherst

An Efficient Privacy-Preserving Framework For Video Analytics, Tian Zhou

Doctoral Dissertations

With the proliferation of video content from surveillance cameras, social media, and live streaming services, the need for efficient video analytics has grown immensely. In recent years, machine learning based computer vision algorithms have shown great success in various video analytic tasks. Specifically, neural network models have dominated in visual tasks such as image and video classification, object recognition, object detection, and object tracking. However, compared with classic computer vision algorithms, machine learning based methods are usually much more compute-intensive. Powerful servers are required by many state-of-the-art machine learning models. With the development of cloud computing infrastructures, people are able …


Artificial Intelligence Usage And Data Privacy Discoveries Within Mhealth, Jennifer Schulte 2024 Dakota State University

Artificial Intelligence Usage And Data Privacy Discoveries Within Mhealth, Jennifer Schulte

Faculty Research & Publications

Advancements in artificial intelligence continue to impact nearly every aspect of human life by providing integration options that aim to supplement or improve current processes. One industry that continues to benefit from artificial intelligence integration is healthcare. For years now, elements of artificial intelligence have been used to assist in clinical decision making, helping to identify potential health risks at earlier stages, and supplementing precision medicine. An area of healthcare that specifically looks at wearable devices, sensors, phone applications, and other such devices is mobile health (mHealth). These devices are used to aid in health data collection and delivery. This …


A Study On Ethical Hacking In Cybersecurity Education Within The United States, Jordan Chew 2024 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

A Study On Ethical Hacking In Cybersecurity Education Within The United States, Jordan Chew

Master's Theses

As the field of computer security continues to grow, it becomes increasingly important to educate the next generation of security professionals. However, much of the current education landscape primarily focuses on teaching defensive skills. Teaching offensive security, otherwise known as ethical hacking, is an important component in the education of all students who hope to contribute to the field of cybersecurity. Doing so requires a careful consideration of what ethical, legal, and practical issues arise from teaching students skills that can be used to cause harm. In this thesis, we first examine the current state of cybersecurity education in the …


Sigmadiff: Semantics-Aware Deep Graph Matching For Pseudocode Diffing, Lian GAO, Yu QU, Sheng YU, Yue DUAN, Heng YIN 2024 Singapore Management University

Sigmadiff: Semantics-Aware Deep Graph Matching For Pseudocode Diffing, Lian Gao, Yu Qu, Sheng Yu, Yue Duan, Heng Yin

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Pseudocode diffing precisely locates similar parts and captures differences between the decompiled pseudocode of two given binaries. It is particularly useful in many security scenarios such as code plagiarism detection, lineage analysis, patch, vulnerability analysis, etc. However, existing pseudocode diffing and binary diffing tools suffer from low accuracy and poor scalability, since they either rely on manually-designed heuristics (e.g., Diaphora) or heavy computations like matrix factorization (e.g., DeepBinDiff). To address the limitations, in this paper, we propose a semantics-aware, deep neural network-based model called SIGMADIFF. SIGMADIFF first constructs IR (Intermediate Representation) level interprocedural program dependency graphs (IPDGs). Then it uses …


Harnessing The Advances Of Meda To Optimize Multi-Puf For Enhancing Ip Security Of Biochips, Chen DONG, Xiaodong GUO, Sihuang LIAN, Yinan YAO, Zhenyi CHEN, Yang YANG, Zhanghui LIU 2024 Singapore Management University

Harnessing The Advances Of Meda To Optimize Multi-Puf For Enhancing Ip Security Of Biochips, Chen Dong, Xiaodong Guo, Sihuang Lian, Yinan Yao, Zhenyi Chen, Yang Yang, Zhanghui Liu

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Digital microfluidic biochips (DMFBs) have a significant stride in the applications of medicine and the biochemistry in recent years. DMFBs based on micro-electrode-dot-array (MEDA) architecture, as the next-generation DMFBs, aim to overcome drawbacks of conventional DMFBs, such as droplet size restriction, low accuracy, and poor sensing ability. Since the potential market value of MEDA biochips is vast, it is of paramount importance to explore approaches to protect the intellectual property (IP) of MEDA biochips during the development process. In this paper, an IP authentication strategy based on the multi-PUF applied to MEDA biochips is presented, called bioMPUF, consisting of Delay …


Developing Singapore As A Smart Nation, Josephine TEO 2024 Singapore Management University

Developing Singapore As A Smart Nation, Josephine Teo

Asian Management Insights

Mrs Josephine Teo, Singapore’s Minister for Communications and Information, and Minister-in-charge of Smart Nation and Cybersecurity, speaks about leading the country’s Smart Nation drive.


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