Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

OS and Networks Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,598 Full-Text Articles 2,191 Authors 694,641 Downloads 103 Institutions

All Articles in OS and Networks

Faceted Search

1,598 full-text articles. Page 4 of 52.

Automating App Review Response Generation Based On Contextual Knowledge, Cuiyun GAO, Wenjie ZHOU, Xin XIA, David LO, Qi XIE, Michael R. LYU 2022 Singapore Management University

Automating App Review Response Generation Based On Contextual Knowledge, Cuiyun Gao, Wenjie Zhou, Xin Xia, David Lo, Qi Xie, Michael R. Lyu

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

User experience of mobile apps is an essential ingredient that can influence the user base and app revenue. To ensure good user experience and assist app development, several prior studies resort to analysis of app reviews, a type of repository that directly reflects user opinions about the apps. Accurately responding to the app reviews is one of the ways to relieve user concerns and thus improve user experience. However, the response quality of the existing method relies on the pre-extracted features from other tools, including manually labelled keywords and predicted review sentiment, which may hinder the generalizability and flexibility of …


Hard Real-Time Linux On A Raspberry Pi For 3d Printing, Alvin Nguyen 2022 San Jose State University

Hard Real-Time Linux On A Raspberry Pi For 3d Printing, Alvin Nguyen

Master's Projects

The project presents how a Raspberry Pi with hard real-time enabled Linux can control stepper motors to operate the kinematics of a 3D (three-dimensional) printer. The consistent performance of the Raspberry Pi with the PREEMPT-RT (real-time) patch can satisfy real hard-time requirements for 3D printing kinematics, without introducing dedicated microcontrollers. The Klipper 3D printer firmware enables one of the Raspberry Pi processors to act as the Klipper MCU, the primary controller for the hardware components. This project introduces a software implementation of the control logic for controlling the stepper motors, which utilizes the PCA9685 pwm driver and TB6612 motor drivers …


Codis: Community Detection Via Distributed Seed-Set Expansion On Graph Streams, Austin Anderson 2022 San Jose State University

Codis: Community Detection Via Distributed Seed-Set Expansion On Graph Streams, Austin Anderson

Master's Projects

Community detection has been and remains a very important topic in several fields. From marketing and social networking to biological studies, community detec- tion plays a key role in advancing research in many different fields. Research on this topic originally looked at classifying nodes into discrete communities, but eventually moved forward to placing nodes in multiple communities. Unfortunately, community detection has always been a time-inefficient process, and recent data sets have been simply to large to realistically process using traditional methods. Because of this, recent methods have turned to parallelism, but all these methods, while offering sig- nificant decrease in …


Enabling Use Of Signal In A Disconnected Village Environment, Evan Chopra 2022 San Jose State University

Enabling Use Of Signal In A Disconnected Village Environment, Evan Chopra

Master's Projects

A significant portion of the world still does not have a stable internet connection. Those people should have the ability to communicate with their loved ones who may not live near by or to share ideas with friends. To power this achievable reality, our lab has set out on making infrastructure for enabling delay tolerant applications. This network will communicate using existing smartphones that will relay the information to a connected environment. The proof of concept application our lab is using is Signal as it offers end to end encryption messaging and an open source platform our lab can develop.


Machine Learning-Based Event Generator For Electron-Proton Scattering, Y. Alanazi, P. Ambrozewicz, M. Battaglieri, A.N. Hiller Blin, M. P. Kuchera, Y. Li, T. Liu, R. E. McClellan, W. Melnitchouk, E. Pritchard, M. Robertson, N. Sato, R. Strauss, L. Velasco 2022 Old Dominion University

Machine Learning-Based Event Generator For Electron-Proton Scattering, Y. Alanazi, P. Ambrozewicz, M. Battaglieri, A.N. Hiller Blin, M. P. Kuchera, Y. Li, T. Liu, R. E. Mcclellan, W. Melnitchouk, E. Pritchard, M. Robertson, N. Sato, R. Strauss, L. Velasco

Computer Science Faculty Publications

We present a new machine learning-based Monte Carlo event generator using generative adversarial networks (GANs) that can be trained with calibrated detector simulations to construct a vertex-level event generator free of theoretical assumptions about femtometer scale physics. Our framework includes a GAN-based detector folding as a fast-surrogate model that mimics detector simulators. The framework is tested and validated on simulated inclusive deep-inelastic scattering data along with existing parametrizations for detector simulation, with uncertainty quantification based on a statistical bootstrapping technique. Our results provide for the first time a realistic proof of concept to mitigate theory bias in inferring vertex-level event …


Nft Sneaker Marketplace Design, Testing, And Challenges, Chris Zhu 2022 Colby College

Nft Sneaker Marketplace Design, Testing, And Challenges, Chris Zhu

Honors Theses

This paper introduces the preliminary background and implementation of the NFT sneaker marketplace. Specifically, we build sneaker NFTs on top of ERC-20 within the Ethereum network and use a top-to-bottom design mechanism. Our website performs well in its functionality, compatibility, and performance. We discuss possible future steps for security implementation. In particular, we recommend using a cold wallet for clients' transactions and implementing multi-signature contracts to avoid spoofing and repudiation. Introducing the sneaker NFT marketplace will vastly reduce the costs of transactions and delivery time in the physical sneaker marketplace. We hope investors in the physical asset space can find …


Achieving Fairness Through Load-Balancing In Social Cloud Computing Networks, Kaiyi Huang 2021 San Jose State University

Achieving Fairness Through Load-Balancing In Social Cloud Computing Networks, Kaiyi Huang

Master's Projects

Cloud-based computing networks have taken over the digital landscape. From small non-profits to large multinational corporations, more and more entities have been offloading computing effort to the cloud in order to take advantage of the increased cost-efficiency and scalability of cloud computing. One of the new types of cloud that have emerged is the P2P cloud, which disengages from a traditional datacenter setup by allowing users to instead share their own computing hardware into a cloud to take advantage of cloud computing’s advantages at an even lower cost. However, this new paradigm comes with a slew of challenges, notably, security …


Dynamic Resource Management Of Fog-Cloud Computing For Iot Support, Mariia Surmenok 2021 San Jose State University

Dynamic Resource Management Of Fog-Cloud Computing For Iot Support, Mariia Surmenok

Master's Projects

The internet of things (IoT) is an integrated part of contemporary life. It includes wearable devices, such as smart watches and cell phones, as well as sensors for Smart City. Fog computing can improve the efficiency and battery life of IoT devices by offloading tasks to fog cloud. It is important to have fog clusters near the IoT device for faster data offload. The goal of this project is to develop dynamic resource allocation for on-demand fog computing cluster to efficiently deploy tasks from IoT. This report studies the different research papers about the current state of resource management in …


Comparison Of Major Cloud Providers, Justin Berman 2021 Harrisburg University of Science and Technology

Comparison Of Major Cloud Providers, Justin Berman

Other Student Works

This paper will compare the following major cloud providers: Microsoft Azure, Amazon AWS, Google Cloud, and IBM Cloud. An introduction to the companies and their history, fundamentals and services, strengths and weaknesses, costs, and their security will be discussed throughout this writing.


Ggnb: Graph-Based Gaussian Naive Bayes Intrusion Detection System For Can Bus, Riadul Islam, Maloy K. Devnath, Manar D. Samad, Syed Md Jaffrey Al Kadry 2021 University of Maryland - Baltimore County

Ggnb: Graph-Based Gaussian Naive Bayes Intrusion Detection System For Can Bus, Riadul Islam, Maloy K. Devnath, Manar D. Samad, Syed Md Jaffrey Al Kadry

Computer Science Faculty Research

The national highway traffic safety administration (NHTSA) identified cybersecurity of the automobile systems are more critical than the security of other information systems. Researchers already demonstrated remote attacks on critical vehicular electronic control units (ECUs) using controller area network (CAN). Besides, existing intrusion detection systems (IDSs) often propose to tackle a specific type of attack, which may leave a system vulnerable to numerous other types of attacks. A generalizable IDS that can identify a wide range of attacks within the shortest possible time has more practical value than attack-specific IDSs, which is not a trivial task to accomplish. In this …


Routing And Spectrum Allocation In Spectrum-Sliced Elastic Optical Path Networks: A Primal-Dual Framework, Yang Wang, Chaoyang Li, Qian Hu, Jabree Flor, Maryam Jalalitabar 2021 La Salle University

Routing And Spectrum Allocation In Spectrum-Sliced Elastic Optical Path Networks: A Primal-Dual Framework, Yang Wang, Chaoyang Li, Qian Hu, Jabree Flor, Maryam Jalalitabar

Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Faculty Work

The recent decade has witnessed a tremendous growth of Internet traffic, which is expected to continue climbing for the foreseeable future. As a new paradigm, Spectrum-sliced Elastic Optical Path (SLICE) networks promise abundant (elastic) bandwidth to address the traffic explosion, while bearing other inherent advantages including enhanced signal quality and extended reachability. The fundamental problem in SLICE networks is to route each traffic demand along a lightpath with continuously and consecutively available sub-carriers, which is known as the Routing and Spectrum Allocation (RSA) problem. Given its NP-Hardness, the solutions to the RSA problem can be classified into two categories: optimal …


System Design And Optimization For Efficient Flash-Based Caching In Data Centers, Jian Liu 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

System Design And Optimization For Efficient Flash-Based Caching In Data Centers, Jian Liu

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Modern data centers are the backbone of today’s Internet-based services and applications. With the explosive growth of the Internet data and a wider range of data-intensive applications being deployed, it is increasingly challenging for data centers to satisfy the ever-increasing demand for high-quality data services. To relieve the heavy burden on data center systems and accelerate data processing, a popular cost-efficient solution is to deploy high-speed, large-capacity flash-based cache systems. However, we are facing multiple critical challenges from device hardware, systems, to application workloads. In this dissertation, we focus on designing highly efficient caching solutions to cope with the explosive …


On-Device Deep Multi-Task Inference Via Multi-Task Zipping, Xiaoxi HE, Xu WANG, Zimu ZHOU, Jiahang WU, Zheng YANG, Lothar THIELE 2021 ETH Zurich

On-Device Deep Multi-Task Inference Via Multi-Task Zipping, Xiaoxi He, Xu Wang, Zimu Zhou, Jiahang Wu, Zheng Yang, Lothar Thiele

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Future mobile devices are anticipated to perceive, understand and react to the world on their own by running multiple correlated deep neural networks locally on-device. Yet the complexity of these deep models needs to be trimmed down both within-model and cross-model to fit in mobile storage and memory. Previous studies squeeze the redundancy within a single model. In this work, we aim to reduce the redundancy across multiple models. We propose Multi-Task Zipping (MTZ), a framework to automatically merge correlated, pre-trained deep neural networks for cross-model compression. Central in MTZ is a layer-wise neuron sharing and incoming weight updating scheme …


Learning Knowledge-Enriched Company Embeddings For Investment Management, Gary ANG, Ee-peng LIM 2021 Singapore Management University

Learning Knowledge-Enriched Company Embeddings For Investment Management, Gary Ang, Ee-Peng Lim

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Relationships between companies serve as key channels through which the effects of past stock price movements and news events propagate and influence future price movements. Such relationships can be implicitly found in knowledge bases or explicitly represented as knowledge graphs. In this paper, we propose KnowledgeEnriched Company Embedding (KECE), a novel multi-stage attentionbased dynamic network embedding model combining multimodal information of companies with knowledge from Wikipedia and knowledge graph relationships from Wikidata to generate company entity embeddings that can be applied to a variety of downstream investment management tasks. Experiments on an extensive set of real-world stock prices and news …


Pruning Meta-Trained Networks For On-Device Adaptation, Dawei GAO, Xiaoxi HE, Zimu ZHOU, Yongxin TONG, Lothar THIELE 2021 Singapore Management University

Pruning Meta-Trained Networks For On-Device Adaptation, Dawei Gao, Xiaoxi He, Zimu Zhou, Yongxin Tong, Lothar Thiele

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Adapting neural networks to unseen tasks with few training samples on resource-constrained devices benefits various Internet-of-Things applications. Such neural networks should learn the new tasks in few shots and be compact in size. Meta-learning enables few-shot learning, yet the meta-trained networks can be overparameterised. However, naive combination of standard compression techniques like network pruning with meta-learning jeopardises the ability for fast adaptation. In this work, we propose adaptation-aware network pruning (ANP), a novel pruning scheme that works with existing meta-learning methods for a compact network capable of fast adaptation. ANP uses weight importance metric that is based on the sensitivity …


Sofi: Reflection-Augmented Fuzzing For Javascript Engines, Xiaoyu HE, Xiaofei XIE, Yuekang LI, Jianwen SUN, Feng LI, Wei ZOU, Yang LIU, Lei YU, Jianhua ZHOU, Wenchang SHI, Wei HUO 2021 Singapore Management University

Sofi: Reflection-Augmented Fuzzing For Javascript Engines, Xiaoyu He, Xiaofei Xie, Yuekang Li, Jianwen Sun, Feng Li, Wei Zou, Yang Liu, Lei Yu, Jianhua Zhou, Wenchang Shi, Wei Huo

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

JavaScript engines have been shown prone to security vulnerabilities, which can lead to serious consequences due to their popularity. Fuzzing is an effective testing technique to discover vulnerabilities. The main challenge of fuzzing JavaScript engines is to generate syntactically and semantically valid inputs such that deep functionalities can be explored. However, due to the dynamic nature of JavaScript and the special features of different engines, it is quite challenging to generate semantically meaningful test inputs.We observed that state-of-the-art semantic-aware JavaScript fuzzers usually require manually written rules to analyze the semantics for a JavaScript engine, which is labor-intensive, incomplete and engine-specific. …


Representation Learning On Multi-Layered Heterogeneous Network, Delvin Ce ZHANG, Hady W. LAUW 2021 Singapore Management University

Representation Learning On Multi-Layered Heterogeneous Network, Delvin Ce Zhang, Hady W. Lauw

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Network data can often be represented in a multi-layered structure with rich semantics. One example is e-commerce data, containing user-user social network layer and item-item context layer, with cross-layer user-item interactions. Given the dual characters of homogeneity within each layer and heterogeneity across layers, we seek to learn node representations from such a multi-layered heterogeneous network while jointly preserving structural information and network semantics. In contrast, previous works on network embedding mainly focus on single-layered or homogeneous networks with one type of nodes and links. In this paper we propose intra- and cross-layer proximity concepts. Intra-layer proximity simulates propagation along …


Cis 440 Unix, George A. Nossa 2021 CUNY Borough of Manhattan Community College

Cis 440 Unix, George A. Nossa

Open Educational Resources

This document is a topical outline of the CIS 440 UNIX Course. This course is mostly based on lab assignments that are performed by students using their home computers (desktops or laptops). The home computers are configured as virtual machines by installing the Oracle Virtual Box Version 6.12 The Ubuntu Desktop Operating System (version 20.04) is then installed on these virtual machines, which are then used to run the course labs. The first Unit of the syllabus covers the virtual machine configuration for the lab environment and subsequent Units are a topical outline of the course. The detailed content is …


Taxthemis: Interactive Mining And Exploration Of Suspicious Tax Evasion Group, Yating LIN, Kamkwai WONG, Yong WANG, Rong ZHANG, Bo DONG, Huamin QU, Qinghua ZHENG 2021 Singapore Management University

Taxthemis: Interactive Mining And Exploration Of Suspicious Tax Evasion Group, Yating Lin, Kamkwai Wong, Yong Wang, Rong Zhang, Bo Dong, Huamin Qu, Qinghua Zheng

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Tax evasion is a serious economic problem for many countries, as it can undermine the government’s tax system and lead to an unfair business competition environment. Recent research has applied data analytics techniques to analyze and detect tax evasion behaviors of individual taxpayers. However, they have failed to support the analysis and exploration of the related party transaction tax evasion (RPTTE) behaviors (e.g., transfer pricing), where a group of taxpayers is involved. In this paper, we present TaxThemis, an interactive visual analytics system to help tax officers mine and explore suspicious tax evasion groups through analyzing heterogeneous tax-related data. A …


Holistic Prediction For Public Transport Crowd Flows: A Spatio Dynamic Graph Network Approach, Bingjie HE, Shukai LI, Chen ZHANG, Baihua ZHENG, Fugee TSUNG 2021 Singapore Management University

Holistic Prediction For Public Transport Crowd Flows: A Spatio Dynamic Graph Network Approach, Bingjie He, Shukai Li, Chen Zhang, Baihua Zheng, Fugee Tsung

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

This paper targets at predicting public transport in-out crowd flows of different regions together with transit flows between them in a city. The main challenge is the complex dynamic spatial correlation of crowd flows of different regions and origin-destination (OD) paths. Different from road traffic flows whose spatial correlations mainly depend on geographical distance, public transport crowd flows significantly relate to the region’s functionality and connectivity in the public transport network. Furthermore, influenced by commuters’ time-varying travel patterns, the spatial correlations change over time. Though there exist many works focusing on either predicting in-out flows or OD transit flows of …


Digital Commons powered by bepress