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Further Evidence Of The Contribution Of The Ear Canal To Directional Hearing: Design Of A Compensating Filter, Andrea Martelloni, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD, Antonio Mancuso 2016 Marshall University

Further Evidence Of The Contribution Of The Ear Canal To Directional Hearing: Design Of A Compensating Filter, Andrea Martelloni, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd, Antonio Mancuso

Davide Andrea Mauro

It has been proven, and it is well documented in literature, that the directional response in HRTFs comes largely from the effect of the pinnae. However, few studies have analysed the contribution given by the remaining part of the external ear, particularly the ear canal. This work investigates the directionally dependent response of the modelled ear canal of a dummy head, assuming that the behaviour of the external ear is sufficiently linear to be approximated by an LTI system. In order to extract the ear canal's transfer function, two critical microphone placements (at the eardrum and at the beginning ...


Self-Organizing The Space Of Vocal Imitations, Davide Rocchesso, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD 2016 Marshall University

Self-Organizing The Space Of Vocal Imitations, Davide Rocchesso, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd

Davide Andrea Mauro

The human voice is a powerful instrument for producing sound sketches. The sonic space that can be spanned with the voice is vast and complex and, therefore, it is difficult to organize and explore. In this contribution, we report on our attempts at extracting the principal components from a database of 152 short excerpts of vocal imitations. We describe each excerpt by a set of statistical audio features and by a measure of similarity of the envelope to a small number of prototype envelopes. We apply k-means clustering on a space whose dimensionality has been reduced by singular value decomposition ...


Analyzing And Organizing The Sonic Space Of Vocal Imitation, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD, D. Rocchesso 2016 Marshall University

Analyzing And Organizing The Sonic Space Of Vocal Imitation, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd, D. Rocchesso

Davide Andrea Mauro

The sonic space that can be spanned with the voice is vast and complex and, therefore, it is difficult to organize and explore. In order to devise tools that facilitate sound design by vocal sketching we attempt at organizing a database of short excerpts of vocal imitations. By clustering the sound samples on a space whose dimensionality has been reduced to the two principal components, it is experimentally checked how meaningful the resulting clusters are for humans. Eventually, a representative of each cluster, chosen to be close to its centroid, may serve as a landmark in the exploration of the ...


Sound And The City: Multi-Layer Representation And Navigation Of Audio Scenarios, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD 2016 Marshall University

Sound And The City: Multi-Layer Representation And Navigation Of Audio Scenarios, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd

Davide Andrea Mauro

IEEE 1599-2008 is an XML-based standard originally intended for the multi-layer representation of music information. Nevertheless, it is versatile enough to describe also information different from traditional scores written according to the Common Western Notation (CWN) rules. This paper will discuss the application of IEEE 1599-2008 to the audio description of paths and scenarios from the urban life or other landscapes. The standard we adopt allows the multilayer integration of textual, symbolical, structural, graphical, audio and video contents within a unique synchronized environment. Besides, for each kind of media, a number of digital objects is supported. As a consequence, thanks ...


Puremx: Automatic Transcription Of Midi Live Music Performances Into Xml Format, Stefano Baldan, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD 2016 Marshall University

Puremx: Automatic Transcription Of Midi Live Music Performances Into Xml Format, Stefano Baldan, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd

Davide Andrea Mauro

This paper addresses the problem of the real-time automatic transcription of a live music performance into a symbolic format based on XML. The source data are given by any music instrument or other device able to communicate with Pure Data by MIDI. Pure Data is a free, multi-platform, real-time programming environment for graphical, audio, and video processing. During a performance, music events are parsed and their parameters are evaluated thanks to rhythm and pitch detection algorithms. The final step is the creation of a well-formed XML document, validated against the new international standard known as IEEE 1599. This work will ...


On Binaural Spatialization And The Use Of Gpgpu For Audio Processing, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD 2016 Marshall University

On Binaural Spatialization And The Use Of Gpgpu For Audio Processing, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd

Davide Andrea Mauro

3D recordings and audio, namely techniques that aim to create the perception of sound sources placed anywhere in 3 dimensional space, are becoming an interesting resource for composers, live performances and augmented reality. This thesis focuses on binaural spatialization techniques. We will tackle the problem from three different perspectives. The first one is related to the implementation of an engine for audio convolution, this is a real implementation problem where we will confront with a number of already available systems trying to achieve better results in terms of performances. General Purpose computing on Graphic Processing Units (GPGPU) is a promising ...


Analyzing And Organizing The Sonic Space Of Vocal Imitation, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD, D. Rocchesso 2016 Marshall University

Analyzing And Organizing The Sonic Space Of Vocal Imitation, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd, D. Rocchesso

Davide Andrea Mauro

The sonic space that can be spanned with the voice is vast and complex and, therefore, it is difficult to organize and explore. In order to devise tools that facilitate sound design by vocal sketching we attempt at organizing a database of short excerpts of vocal imitations. By clustering the sound samples on a space whose dimensionality has been reduced to the two principal components, it is experimentally checked how meaningful the resulting clusters are for humans. Eventually, a representative of each cluster, chosen to be close to its centroid, may serve as a landmark in the exploration of the ...


Puremx: Automatic Transcription Of Midi Live Music Performances Into Xml Format, Stefano Baldan, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD 2016 Marshall University

Puremx: Automatic Transcription Of Midi Live Music Performances Into Xml Format, Stefano Baldan, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd

Davide Andrea Mauro

This paper addresses the problem of the real-time automatic transcription of a live music performance into a symbolic format based on XML.

The source data are given by any music instrument or other device able to communicate with Pure Data by MIDI. Pure Data is a free, multi-platform, real-time programming environment for graphical, audio, and video processing. During a performance, music events are parsed and their parameters are evaluated thanks to rhythm and pitch detection algorithms. The final step is the creation of a well-formed XML document, validated against the new international standard known as IEEE 1599.

This work will ...


Further Evidence Of The Contribution Of The Ear Canal To Directional Hearing: Design Of A Compensating Filter, Andrea Martelloni, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD, Antonio Mancuso 2016 Marshall University

Further Evidence Of The Contribution Of The Ear Canal To Directional Hearing: Design Of A Compensating Filter, Andrea Martelloni, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd, Antonio Mancuso

Davide Andrea Mauro

It has been proven, and it is well documented in literature, that the directional response in HRTFs comes largely from the effect of the pinnae. However, few studies have analysed the contribution given by the remaining part of the external ear, particularly the ear canal. This work investigates the directionally dependent response of the modelled ear canal of a dummy head, assuming that the behaviour of the external ear is sufficiently linear to be approximated by an LTI system. In order to extract the ear canal's transfer function, two critical microphone placements (at the eardrum and at the beginning ...


Head In Space : A Head-Tracking Based Binaural Spatialization System, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD, Dario Pizzamiglio 2016 Marshall University

Head In Space : A Head-Tracking Based Binaural Spatialization System, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd, Dario Pizzamiglio

Davide Andrea Mauro

This paper discusses a system capable of detecting the position of the listener through a head-tracking system and rendering a 3D audio environment by binaural spatialization. Head tracking is performed through face recognition algorithms which use a standard webcam, and the result is presented over headphones, like in other typical binaural applications. With this system users can choose an audio file to play, provide a virtual position for the source in an euclidean space, and then listen to the sound as if it is coming from that position. If they move their head, the signal provided by the system changes ...


On Binaural Spatialization And The Use Of Gpgpu For Audio Processing, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD 2016 Marshall University

On Binaural Spatialization And The Use Of Gpgpu For Audio Processing, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd

Davide Andrea Mauro

3D recordings and audio, namely techniques that aim to create the perception of sound sources placed anywhere in 3 dimensional space, are becoming an interesting resource for composers, live performances and augmented reality. This thesis focuses on binaural spatialization techniques.

We will tackle the problem from three different perspectives. The first one is related to the implementation of an engine for audio convolution, this is a real implementation problem where we will confront with a number of already available systems trying to achieve better results in terms of performances. General Purpose computing on Graphic Processing Units (GPGPU) is a promising ...


Growing The Practice Of Vocal Sketching, S. Delle Monache, D. Rocchesso, S. Baldan, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD 2016 Marshall University

Growing The Practice Of Vocal Sketching, S. Delle Monache, D. Rocchesso, S. Baldan, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd

Davide Andrea Mauro

Sketch-thinking in the design domain is a complex representational activity, emerging from the reflective conversation with the sketch. A recent line of research on computational support for sound design has been focusing on the exploitation of voice, and especially vocal imitations, as effective representation strategy for the early stage of the design process. A set of introductory exercises on vocal sketching, to probe the communication effectiveness of vocal imitations for design purposes, are presented and discussed, in the scope of the research-through-design workshop activities of the EU project SkAT-VG.


A Genome-Wide Survey Of Highly Expressed Non-Coding Rnas And Biological Validation Of Selected Candidates In Agrobacterium Tumefaciens, Keunsub Lee, Xiaoqiu Huang, Chichun Yang, Danny Lee, Kan Nobuta, Jian-Bing Fan, Kan Wang 2016 Iowa State University

A Genome-Wide Survey Of Highly Expressed Non-Coding Rnas And Biological Validation Of Selected Candidates In Agrobacterium Tumefaciens, Keunsub Lee, Xiaoqiu Huang, Chichun Yang, Danny Lee, Kan Nobuta, Jian-Bing Fan, Kan Wang

Xiaoqiu Huang

Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a plant pathogen that has the natural ability of delivering and integrating a piece of its own DNA into plant genome. Although bacterial non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been shown to regulate various biological processes including virulence, we have limited knowledge of how Agrobacterium ncRNAs regulate this unique inter-Kingdom gene transfer. Using whole transcriptome sequencing and an ncRNA search algorithm developed for this work, we identified 475 highly expressed candidate ncRNAs from A. tumefaciens C58, including 101 trans-encoded small RNAs (sRNAs), 354 antisense RNAs (asRNAs), 20 5′ untranslated region (UTR) leaders including a RNA thermosensor and 6 ...


Horizontal Transfer Generates Genetic Variation In An Asexual Pathogen, Xiaoqiu Huang 2016 Iowa State University

Horizontal Transfer Generates Genetic Variation In An Asexual Pathogen, Xiaoqiu Huang

Xiaoqiu Huang

There are major gaps in the understanding of how genetic variation is generated in the asexual pathogen Verticillium dahliae. On the one hand, V. dahliae is a haploid organism that reproduces clonally. On the other hand, single-nucleotide polymorphisms and chromosomal rearrangements were found between V. dahliae strains. Lineage-specific (LS) regions comprising about 5% of the genome are highly variable between V. dahliae strains. Nonetheless, it is unknown whether horizontal gene transfer plays a major role in generating genetic variation in V. dahliae. Here, we analyzed a previously sequenced V. dahliae population of nine strains from various geographical locations and hosts ...


Identification Of Highly Variable Supernumerary Chromosome Segments In An Asexual Pathogen, Xiaoqiu Huang, Anindya Das, Binod B. Sahu, Subodh K. Srivastava, Leonor F. S. Leandro, Kerry O'Donnell, Madan K. Bhattacharyya 2016 Iowa State University

Identification Of Highly Variable Supernumerary Chromosome Segments In An Asexual Pathogen, Xiaoqiu Huang, Anindya Das, Binod B. Sahu, Subodh K. Srivastava, Leonor F. S. Leandro, Kerry O'Donnell, Madan K. Bhattacharyya

Xiaoqiu Huang

Supernumerary chromosome segments are known to harbor different transposons from their essential counterparts. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of transposons in the origin and evolution of supernumerary segments in the asexual fungal pathogen Fusarium virguliforme. We compared the genomes of 11 isolates comprising six Fusarium species that cause soybean sudden death syndrome (SDS) or bean root rot (BRR), and identified significant levels of genetic variation in A+T-rich repeat blocks of the essential chromosomes and in A+T-neutral regions of the supernumerary segments. The A+T-rich repeat blocks in the essential chromosomes were highly variable ...


Marim: Mobile Augmented Reality For Interactive Manuals, Tam Nguyen, Dorothy Tan, Bilal Mirza, Jose Sepulveda 2016 University of Dayton

Marim: Mobile Augmented Reality For Interactive Manuals, Tam Nguyen, Dorothy Tan, Bilal Mirza, Jose Sepulveda

Tam Nguyen

In this work, we present a practical system which uses mobile devices for interactive manuals. In particular, there are two modes provided in the system, namely, expert/trainer and trainee modes. Given the expert/trainer editor, experts design the step-by-step interactive manuals. For each step, the experts capture the images by using phones/tablets and provide visual instructions such as interest regions, text, and action animations. In the trainee mode, the system utilizes the existing object detection and tracking algorithms to identify the step scene and retrieve the respective instruction to be displayed on the mobile device. The trainee then ...


Static Saliency Vs. Dynamic Saliency: A Comparative Study, Tam Nguyen, Mengdi Xu, Guangyu Gao, Mohan Kankanhalli, Qi Tian, Shuicheng Yan 2016 University of Dayton

Static Saliency Vs. Dynamic Saliency: A Comparative Study, Tam Nguyen, Mengdi Xu, Guangyu Gao, Mohan Kankanhalli, Qi Tian, Shuicheng Yan

Tam Nguyen

Recently visual saliency has attracted wide attention of researchers in the computer vision and multimedia field. However, most of the visual saliency-related research was conducted on still images for studying static saliency. In this paper, we give a comprehensive comparative study for the first time of dynamic saliency (video shots) and static saliency (key frames of the corresponding video shots), and two key observations are obtained: 1) video saliency is often different from, yet quite related with, image saliency, and 2) camera motions, such as tilting, panning or zooming, affect dynamic saliency significantly.

Motivated by these observations, we propose a ...


Seeing Human Weight From A Single Rgb-D Image, Tam Nguyen, Jiashi Feng, Shuicheng Yan 2016 University of Dayton

Seeing Human Weight From A Single Rgb-D Image, Tam Nguyen, Jiashi Feng, Shuicheng Yan

Tam Nguyen

Human weight estimation is useful in a variety of potential applications, e.g., targeted advertisement, entertainment scenarios and forensic science. However, estimating weight only from color cues is particularly challenging since these cues are quite sensitive to lighting and imaging conditions. In this article, we propose a novel weight estimator based on a single RGB-D image, which utilizes the visual color cues and depth information. Our main contributions are three-fold.

First, we construct the W8-RGBD dataset including RGB-D images of different people with ground truth weight.

Second, the novel sideview shape feature and the feature fusion model are proposed to ...


Salient Object Detection Via Objectness Proposals, Tam Nguyen 2016 University of Dayton

Salient Object Detection Via Objectness Proposals, Tam Nguyen

Tam Nguyen

Salient object detection has gradually become a popular topic in robotics and computer vision research. This paper presents a real-time system that detects salient objects by integrating objectness, foreground, and compactness measures. Our algorithm consists of four basic steps. First, our method generates the objectness map via object proposals. Based on the objectness map, we estimate the background margin and compute the corresponding foreground map which prefers the foreground objects. From the objectness map and the foreground map, the compactness map is formed to favor the compact objects. We then integrate those cues to form a pixel-accurate saliency map which ...


Salient Object Detection Via Augmented Hypotheses, Tam Nguyen, Jose Sepulveda 2016 University of Dayton

Salient Object Detection Via Augmented Hypotheses, Tam Nguyen, Jose Sepulveda

Tam Nguyen

In this paper, we propose using augmented hypotheses which consider objectness, foreground, and compactness for salient object detection. Our algorithm consists of four basic steps. First, our method generates the objectness map via objectness hypotheses. Based on the objectness map, we estimate the foreground margin and compute the corresponding foreground map which prefers the foreground objects. From the objectness map and the foreground map, the compactness map is formed to favor the compact objects. We then derive a saliency measure that produces a pixel-accurate saliency map which uniformly covers the objects of interest and consistently separates foreground and background.

We ...


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