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Recommender Response To Diversity And Popularity Bias In User Profiles, Sushma Channamsetty, Michael D. Ekstrand 2017 Boise State University

Recommender Response To Diversity And Popularity Bias In User Profiles, Sushma Channamsetty, Michael D. Ekstrand

Michael D. Ekstrand

Recommender system evaluation usually focuses on the overall effectiveness of the algorithms, either in terms of measurable accuracy or ability to deliver user satisfaction or improve business metrics. When additional factors are considered, such as the diversity or novelty of the recommendations, the focus typically remains on the algorithm’s overall performance. We examine the relationship of the recommender’s output characteristics – accuracy, popularity (as an inverse of novelty), and diversity – to characteristics of the user’s rating profile. The aims of this analysis are twofold: (1) to probe the conditions under which common algorithms produce more or less diverse ...


Osspal: Finding And Evaluating Open Source Software, Anthony Wasserman 2017 Carnegie Mellon University

Osspal: Finding And Evaluating Open Source Software, Anthony Wasserman

Tony Wasserman

This paper describes the OSSpal project, which is aimed at helping companies, government agencies, and other organizations find high quality free and open source software (FOSS) that meets their needs. OSSpal is a successor to the Business Readiness Rating (BRR), combining quantitative and qualitative evaluation measures for software in various categories. Instead of a purely numeric calculated score OSSpal adds curation of high-quality FOSS projects and individual user reviews of these criteria. Unlike the BRR project, for which there was no automated support, OSSpal has an operational, publicly available website where users may search by project name or category, and ...


Optimization Of A Reporting Process With Input From Multiple Systems, Cheri R. Freedman 2017 Western Oregon University

Optimization Of A Reporting Process With Input From Multiple Systems, Cheri R. Freedman

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (Computer Science)

This project involves the research, development, and improvement of a reporting process used to generate reports in adherence to contractual and legislative requirements. The project will review the beginning process, the proposed and implemented solutions, and the future of the project. The project addresses the goals of data quality, timeliness, and transparency throughout the paper including how they relate to the challenges, solution selection, and overall success of the project. The need for this project reflects the ongoing need for and some of the challenges that are typical of automation and systems integration in state government entities. As the role ...


Mixed-Initiative Personal Assistants, Joshua W. Buck, Saverio Perugini 2017 University of Dayton

Mixed-Initiative Personal Assistants, Joshua W. Buck, Saverio Perugini

Computer Science Faculty Publications

Specification and implementation of flexible human-computer dialogs is challenging because of the complexity involved in rendering the dialog responsive to a vast number of varied paths through which users might desire to complete the dialog. To address this problem, we developed a toolkit for modeling and implementing task-based, mixed-initiative dialogs based on metaphors from lambda calculus. Our toolkit can automatically operationalize a dialog that involves multiple prompts and/or sub-dialogs, given a high-level dialog specification of it. Our current research entails incorporating the use of natural language to make the flexibility in communicating user utterances commensurate with that in dialog ...


Scripts For Recommender Response To Diversity And Popularity Bias In User Profiles, Sushma Channamsetty, Michael D. Ekstrand 2017 Boise State University

Scripts For Recommender Response To Diversity And Popularity Bias In User Profiles, Sushma Channamsetty, Michael D. Ekstrand

Michael D. Ekstrand

This file contains the experimental scripts from the paper 'Recommender Response to Diversity and Popularity Bias in User Profiles', by Sushma Channamsetty and Michael D. Ekstrand.


The Proscriptive Principle And Logics Of Analytic Implication, Thomas M. Ferguson 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Proscriptive Principle And Logics Of Analytic Implication, Thomas M. Ferguson

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The analogy between inference and mereological containment goes at least back to Aristotle, whose discussion in the Prior Analytics motivates the validity of the syllogism by way of talk of parts and wholes. On this picture, the application of syllogistic is merely the analysis of concepts, a term that presupposes—through the root ἀνά + λύω —a mereological background.

In the 1930s, such considerations led William T. Parry to attempt to codify this notion of logical containment in his system of analytic implication AI. Parry’s original system AI was later expanded to the system PAI. The hallmark of Parry’s ...


Tandem 2.0: Image And Text Data Generation Application, Christopher J. Vitale 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Tandem 2.0: Image And Text Data Generation Application, Christopher J. Vitale

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

First created as part of the Digital Humanities Praxis course in the spring of 2012 at the CUNY Graduate Center, Tandem explores the generation of datasets comprised of text and image data by leveraging Optical Character Recognition (OCR), Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Computer Vision (CV). This project builds upon that earlier work in a new programming framework. While other developers and digital humanities scholars have created similar tools specifically geared toward NLP (e.g. Voyant-Tools), as well as algorithms for image processing and feature extraction on the CV side, Tandem explores the process of developing a more robust and ...


Computational Analysis Of Residue Interaction Networks And Coevolutionary Relationships In The Hsp70 Chaperones: A Community- Hopping Model Of Allosteric Regulation And Communication, Gabrielle Stetz, Gennady M. Verkhivker 2017 Chapman University

Computational Analysis Of Residue Interaction Networks And Coevolutionary Relationships In The Hsp70 Chaperones: A Community- Hopping Model Of Allosteric Regulation And Communication, Gabrielle Stetz, Gennady M. Verkhivker

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Allosteric interactions in the Hsp70 proteins are linked with their regulatory mechanisms and cellular functions. Despite significant progress in structural and functional characterization of the Hsp70 proteins fundamental questions concerning modularity of the allosteric interaction networks and hierarchy of signaling pathways in the Hsp70 chaperones remained largely unexplored and poorly understood. In this work, we proposed an integrated computational strategy that combined atomistic and coarse-grained simulations with coevolutionary analysis and network modeling of the residue interactions. A novel aspect of this work is the incorporation of dynamic residue correlations and coevolutionary residue dependencies in the construction of allosteric interaction networks ...


Mixed-Initiative Personal Assistants, Joshua W. Buck 2016 University of Dayton

Mixed-Initiative Personal Assistants, Joshua W. Buck

Saverio Perugini

Specification and implementation of flexible human-computer dialogs is challenging because of the complexity involved in rendering the dialog responsive to a vast number of varied paths through which users might desire to complete the dialog. To address this problem, we developed a toolkit for modeling and implementing task-based, mixed-initiative dialogs based on metaphors from lambda calculus. Our toolkit can automatically operationalize a dialog that involves multiple prompts and/or sub-dialogs, given a high-level dialog specification of it. Our current research entails incorporating the use of natural language to make the flexibility in communicating user utterances commensurate with that in dialog ...


Hydrobase: An Iot Gardening Application, Nandini Kant Goyal 2016 San Jose State University

Hydrobase: An Iot Gardening Application, Nandini Kant Goyal

Master's Projects

As the world is moving towards urban agriculture, there are many IoT Hydroponic Control Systems being introduced these days. There are many different platforms emerging, but they all suffer from the same flaw, the software and hardware are so tightly integrated that most of the times the individuals have no freedom of how to use the product, or they need to completely hack the system. This brings us to the need of a system that is designed to allow the user more flexibility in platform configuration, as well as assist in platform construction. We propose a model called Hydrobase to ...


Color Separation For Background Subtraction, Jiaqi Zhou 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Color Separation For Background Subtraction, Jiaqi Zhou

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background subtraction is a vital step in many computer vision systems. In background subtraction, one is given two (or more) frames of a video sequence taken with a still camera. Due to the stationarity of the camera, any color change in the scene is mainly due to the presence of moving objects. The goal of background subtraction is to separate the moving objects (also called the foreground) from the stationary background. Many background subtraction approaches have been proposed over the years. They are usually composed of two distinct stages, background modeling and foreground detection.

Most of the standard background subtraction ...


Implementation And Testing Of A Book Lookup System For The Robert E. Kennedy Library, Casey C. Sheehan 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Implementation And Testing Of A Book Lookup System For The Robert E. Kennedy Library, Casey C. Sheehan

Computer Science

The goal of this senior project centered around improving the quality of student and teacher experiences when visiting the library. The task of finding a book amongst the shelves is an arduous one, which I felt could be improved upon through implementation and testing of a Book Lookup system for the Cal Poly Robert E. Kennedy Library. Development for this project was done using a Python framework. Testing and earlier designs were also created using JavaScript and PHP. Repeated tests were conducted on the accuracy of the software and its ability to decrease user search-time when compared to conventional methods.


Tagamajig: Image Recognition Via Crowdsourcing, Gregory Martin Simpson 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Tagamajig: Image Recognition Via Crowdsourcing, Gregory Martin Simpson

Masters Theses

The University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) Library possesses thousands of unlabeled gray-scale photographs from the Smoky Mountains circa the 1920s - 1940s. Their current method of identifying and labeling attributes of the photographs is to do so manually. This is problematic both because of the scale of the collection as well as the reliance on an individual's limited knowledge of the area's numerous landmarks.

In the past few years, similar dilemmas have been tackled via an approach known as crowd computing. Some examples include Floating Forests, in which users are asked to identify and mark kelp forests in satellite ...


Who's In And Who's Out?: What's Important In The Cyber World?, Tony M. Kelly 2016 La Salle University

Who's In And Who's Out?: What's Important In The Cyber World?, Tony M. Kelly

HON499 projects

The aim of this paper is to offer an introduction to the exploding field of cybersecurity by asking what are the most important concepts or topics that a new member of the field of cybersecurity should know. This paper explores this question from three perspectives: from the realm of business and how the cyber world is intertwined with modern commerce, including common weaknesses and recommendations, from the academic arena examining how cybersecurity is taught and how it should be taught in a classroom or laboratory environment, and lastly, from the author’s personal experience with the cyber world. Included information ...


Further Evidence Of The Contribution Of The Ear Canal To Directional Hearing: Design Of A Compensating Filter, Andrea Martelloni, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD, Antonio Mancuso 2016 Marshall University

Further Evidence Of The Contribution Of The Ear Canal To Directional Hearing: Design Of A Compensating Filter, Andrea Martelloni, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd, Antonio Mancuso

Davide Andrea Mauro

It has been proven, and it is well documented in literature, that the directional response in HRTFs comes largely from the effect of the pinnae. However, few studies have analysed the contribution given by the remaining part of the external ear, particularly the ear canal. This work investigates the directionally dependent response of the modelled ear canal of a dummy head, assuming that the behaviour of the external ear is sufficiently linear to be approximated by an LTI system. In order to extract the ear canal's transfer function, two critical microphone placements (at the eardrum and at the beginning ...


Self-Organizing The Space Of Vocal Imitations, Davide Rocchesso, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD 2016 Marshall University

Self-Organizing The Space Of Vocal Imitations, Davide Rocchesso, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd

Davide Andrea Mauro

The human voice is a powerful instrument for producing sound sketches. The sonic space that can be spanned with the voice is vast and complex and, therefore, it is difficult to organize and explore. In this contribution, we report on our attempts at extracting the principal components from a database of 152 short excerpts of vocal imitations. We describe each excerpt by a set of statistical audio features and by a measure of similarity of the envelope to a small number of prototype envelopes. We apply k-means clustering on a space whose dimensionality has been reduced by singular value decomposition ...


Analyzing And Organizing The Sonic Space Of Vocal Imitation, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD, D. Rocchesso 2016 Marshall University

Analyzing And Organizing The Sonic Space Of Vocal Imitation, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd, D. Rocchesso

Davide Andrea Mauro

The sonic space that can be spanned with the voice is vast and complex and, therefore, it is difficult to organize and explore. In order to devise tools that facilitate sound design by vocal sketching we attempt at organizing a database of short excerpts of vocal imitations. By clustering the sound samples on a space whose dimensionality has been reduced to the two principal components, it is experimentally checked how meaningful the resulting clusters are for humans. Eventually, a representative of each cluster, chosen to be close to its centroid, may serve as a landmark in the exploration of the ...


Sound And The City: Multi-Layer Representation And Navigation Of Audio Scenarios, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD 2016 Marshall University

Sound And The City: Multi-Layer Representation And Navigation Of Audio Scenarios, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd

Davide Andrea Mauro

IEEE 1599-2008 is an XML-based standard originally intended for the multi-layer representation of music information. Nevertheless, it is versatile enough to describe also information different from traditional scores written according to the Common Western Notation (CWN) rules. This paper will discuss the application of IEEE 1599-2008 to the audio description of paths and scenarios from the urban life or other landscapes. The standard we adopt allows the multilayer integration of textual, symbolical, structural, graphical, audio and video contents within a unique synchronized environment. Besides, for each kind of media, a number of digital objects is supported. As a consequence, thanks ...


Puremx: Automatic Transcription Of Midi Live Music Performances Into Xml Format, Stefano Baldan, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD 2016 Marshall University

Puremx: Automatic Transcription Of Midi Live Music Performances Into Xml Format, Stefano Baldan, Luca A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd

Davide Andrea Mauro

This paper addresses the problem of the real-time automatic transcription of a live music performance into a symbolic format based on XML. The source data are given by any music instrument or other device able to communicate with Pure Data by MIDI. Pure Data is a free, multi-platform, real-time programming environment for graphical, audio, and video processing. During a performance, music events are parsed and their parameters are evaluated thanks to rhythm and pitch detection algorithms. The final step is the creation of a well-formed XML document, validated against the new international standard known as IEEE 1599. This work will ...


On Binaural Spatialization And The Use Of Gpgpu For Audio Processing, Davide Andrea Mauro PhD 2016 Marshall University

On Binaural Spatialization And The Use Of Gpgpu For Audio Processing, Davide Andrea Mauro Phd

Davide Andrea Mauro

3D recordings and audio, namely techniques that aim to create the perception of sound sources placed anywhere in 3 dimensional space, are becoming an interesting resource for composers, live performances and augmented reality. This thesis focuses on binaural spatialization techniques. We will tackle the problem from three different perspectives. The first one is related to the implementation of an engine for audio convolution, this is a real implementation problem where we will confront with a number of already available systems trying to achieve better results in terms of performances. General Purpose computing on Graphic Processing Units (GPGPU) is a promising ...


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