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Spectral Properties Of Lunar Impact Melt Deposits From Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) Data, Catherine Neish, Kevin Cannon, Livio Tornabene, Roberta Flemming, Michael Zanetti, Eric Pilles 2021 Colorado School of Mines

Spectral Properties Of Lunar Impact Melt Deposits From Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) Data, Catherine Neish, Kevin Cannon, Livio Tornabene, Roberta Flemming, Michael Zanetti, Eric Pilles

Earth Sciences Publications

Lunar impact melt deposits have unusual surface properties, unlike any measured terrestrial lava flow. Radar observations suggest that they are incredibly rough at decimeter scales, but they appear smooth in high-resolution, meter-scale optical images. The cause of their unusual surface roughness is unknown. In this work, we investigate the properties of impact melt deposits from seven lunar craters, ranging in size from 7.5 to 96 km in diameter, in an effort to understand the cause of their unique surface texture. We use data from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter’s (LRO) Mini-RF instrument to characterize the small-scale roughness of the ...


A Planetary System With Two Transiting Mini-Neptunes Near The Radius Valley Transition Around The Bright M Dwarf Toi-776, R. Luque, L. M. Serrano, K. Molaverdikhani, M. C. Nixon, J. H. Livingston, E. W. Guenther, E. Pallé, N. Madhusudhan, G. Nowak, J. Korth, W. D. Cochran, T. Hirano, P. Chaturvedi, E. Goffo, S. Albrecht, O. Barragán, C. Briceño, J. Cabrera, D. Charbonneau, R. Cloutier, K. A. Collins, K. I. Collins, K. D. Colón, J. M. Crossfield, S. Csizmadia, F. Dai, H. J. Deeg, M. Esposito, M. Fridlund, D. Gandolfi, I. Georgieva, A. Glidden, R. F. Goeke, S. Grziwa, A. P. Hatzes, C. E. Henze, S. B. Howell, J. Irwin, J. M. Jenkins, Eric L.N. Jensen, P. Kábath, R. C. Kidwell Jr., J. F. Kielkopf, E. Knudstrup, K. W. F. Lam, D. W. Latham, J. J. Lissauer, A. W. Mann, E. C. Matthews, I. Mireles, N. Narita, M. Paegert, C. M. Persson, S. Redfield, G. R. Ricker, F. Rodler, J. E. Schlieder, N. J. Scott, S. Seager, J. Šubjak, T. G. Tan, E. B. Ting, R. Vanderspek, V. Van Eylen, J. N. Winn, C. Ziegler 2021 Swarthmore College

A Planetary System With Two Transiting Mini-Neptunes Near The Radius Valley Transition Around The Bright M Dwarf Toi-776, R. Luque, L. M. Serrano, K. Molaverdikhani, M. C. Nixon, J. H. Livingston, E. W. Guenther, E. Pallé, N. Madhusudhan, G. Nowak, J. Korth, W. D. Cochran, T. Hirano, P. Chaturvedi, E. Goffo, S. Albrecht, O. Barragán, C. Briceño, J. Cabrera, D. Charbonneau, R. Cloutier, K. A. Collins, K. I. Collins, K. D. Colón, J. M. Crossfield, S. Csizmadia, F. Dai, H. J. Deeg, M. Esposito, M. Fridlund, D. Gandolfi, I. Georgieva, A. Glidden, R. F. Goeke, S. Grziwa, A. P. Hatzes, C. E. Henze, S. B. Howell, J. Irwin, J. M. Jenkins, Eric L.N. Jensen, P. Kábath, R. C. Kidwell Jr., J. F. Kielkopf, E. Knudstrup, K. W. F. Lam, D. W. Latham, J. J. Lissauer, A. W. Mann, E. C. Matthews, I. Mireles, N. Narita, M. Paegert, C. M. Persson, S. Redfield, G. R. Ricker, F. Rodler, J. E. Schlieder, N. J. Scott, S. Seager, J. Šubjak, T. G. Tan, E. B. Ting, R. Vanderspek, V. Van Eylen, J. N. Winn, C. Ziegler

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

We report the discovery and characterization of two transiting planets around the bright M1 V star LP 961-53 (TOI-776, J = 8.5 mag, M = 0.54 ± 0.03 M ⊙) detected during Sector 10 observations of the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). Combining the TESS photometry with HARPS radial velocities, as well as ground-based follow-up transit observations from the MEarth and LCOGT telescopes, for the inner planet, TOI-776 b, we measured a period of P b = 8.25 d, a radius of R b = 1.85 ± 0.13 R ⊕, and a mass of M b = 4.0 ± 0.9 M ⊕; and ...


Toi-519 B: A Short-Period Substellar Object Around An M Dwarf Validated Using Multicolour Photometry And Phase Curve Analysis, H. Parviainen, E. Palle, M. R. Zapatero-Osorio, G. Nowak, A. Fukui, F. Murgas, N. Narita, K. G. Stassun, J. H. Livingston, K. A. Collins, D. Hidalgo Soto, V. J. S. Béjar, J. Korth, M. Monelli, P. Montanes Rodriguez, N. Casasayas-Barris, G. Chen, N. Crouzet, J. P. de Leon, A. Hernandez, K. Kawauchi, P. Klagyivik, N. Kusakabe, R. Luque, M. Mori, T. Nishiumi, J. Prieto-Arranz, M. Tamura, N. Watanabe, T. Gan, K. I. Collins, Eric L.N. Jensen, T. Barclay, J. P. Doty, J. M. Jenkins, D. W. Latham, M. Paegert, G. Ricker, D. R. Rodriguez, S. Seager, A. Shporer, R. Vanderspek, J. Villaseñor, J. N. Winn, B. Wohler, I. Wong 2021 Swarthmore College

Toi-519 B: A Short-Period Substellar Object Around An M Dwarf Validated Using Multicolour Photometry And Phase Curve Analysis, H. Parviainen, E. Palle, M. R. Zapatero-Osorio, G. Nowak, A. Fukui, F. Murgas, N. Narita, K. G. Stassun, J. H. Livingston, K. A. Collins, D. Hidalgo Soto, V. J. S. Béjar, J. Korth, M. Monelli, P. Montanes Rodriguez, N. Casasayas-Barris, G. Chen, N. Crouzet, J. P. De Leon, A. Hernandez, K. Kawauchi, P. Klagyivik, N. Kusakabe, R. Luque, M. Mori, T. Nishiumi, J. Prieto-Arranz, M. Tamura, N. Watanabe, T. Gan, K. I. Collins, Eric L.N. Jensen, T. Barclay, J. P. Doty, J. M. Jenkins, D. W. Latham, M. Paegert, G. Ricker, D. R. Rodriguez, S. Seager, A. Shporer, R. Vanderspek, J. Villaseñor, J. N. Winn, B. Wohler, I. Wong

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

Context. We report the discovery of TOI-519 b (TIC 218795833), a transiting substellar object (R = 1.07 RJup) orbiting a faint M dwarf (V = 17.35) on a 1.26 d orbit. Brown dwarfs and massive planets orbiting M dwarfs on short-period orbits are rare, but more have already been discovered than expected from planet formation models. TOI-519 is a valuable addition to this group of unlikely systems, and it adds towards our understanding of the boundaries of planet formation. Aims. We set out to determine the nature of the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) object of interest TOI-519 b ...


Toi 122b And Toi 237b: Two Small Warm Planets Orbiting Inactive M Dwarfs Found By Tess, W. C. Waalkes, Z. K. Berta-Thompson, K. A. Collins, A. D. Feinstein, B. M. Tofflemire, B. Rojas-Ayala, M. L. Silverstein, E. Newton, G. R. Ricker, R. Vanderspek, D. W. Latham, S. Seager, J. N. Winn, J. M. Jenkins, J. Christiansen, R. F. Goeke, A. M. Levine, H. P. Osborn, S. A. Rinehart, M. E. Rose, E. B. Ting, J. D. Twicken, K. Barkaoui, J. L. Bean, C. Briceño, D. R. Ciardi, K. I. Collins, D. Conti, T. Gan, M. Gillon, G. Isopi, E. Jehin, Eric L.N. Jensen, J. F. Kielkopf, N. Law, F. Mallia, A. W. Mann, B. T. Montet, F. J. Pozuelos, H. Relles, J. E. Libby-Roberts, C. Ziegler 2021 Swarthmore College

Toi 122b And Toi 237b: Two Small Warm Planets Orbiting Inactive M Dwarfs Found By Tess, W. C. Waalkes, Z. K. Berta-Thompson, K. A. Collins, A. D. Feinstein, B. M. Tofflemire, B. Rojas-Ayala, M. L. Silverstein, E. Newton, G. R. Ricker, R. Vanderspek, D. W. Latham, S. Seager, J. N. Winn, J. M. Jenkins, J. Christiansen, R. F. Goeke, A. M. Levine, H. P. Osborn, S. A. Rinehart, M. E. Rose, E. B. Ting, J. D. Twicken, K. Barkaoui, J. L. Bean, C. Briceño, D. R. Ciardi, K. I. Collins, D. Conti, T. Gan, M. Gillon, G. Isopi, E. Jehin, Eric L.N. Jensen, J. F. Kielkopf, N. Law, F. Mallia, A. W. Mann, B. T. Montet, F. J. Pozuelos, H. Relles, J. E. Libby-Roberts, C. Ziegler

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

We report the discovery and validation of TOI 122b and TOI 237b, two warm planets transiting inactive M dwarfs observed by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). Our analysis shows that TOI 122b has a radius of 2.72 ± 0.18 R⊕ and receives 8.8 ± 1.0 times Earth's bolometric insolation, and TOI 237b has a radius of 1.44±0.12 R⊕ and receives 3.7 ± 0.5 times Earth's insolation, straddling the 6.7 × Earth insolation that Mercury receives from the Sun. This makes these two of the cooler planets yet discovered by TESS, even ...


Vetting Of 384 Tess Objects Of Interest With Triceratops And Statistical Validation Of 12 Planet Candidates, S. Giacalone, C. D. Dressing, Eric L.N. Jensen, K. A. Collins, G. R. Ricker, R. Vanderspek, S. Seager, J. N. Winn, J. M. Jenkins, T. Barclay, K. Barkaoui, C. Cadieux, D. Charbonneau, K. I. Collins, D. M. Conti, R. Doyon, P. Evans, M. Ghachoui, M. Gillon, N. M. Guerrero, R. Hart, E. Jehin, J. F. Kielkopf, B. McLean, F. Murgas, E. Palle, H. Parviainen, F. J. Pozuelos, H. M. Relles, A. Shporer, Q. Socia, C. Stockdale, T.-G. Tan, G. Torres, J. D. Twicken, W. C. Waalkes, I. A. Waite 2021 Swarthmore College

Vetting Of 384 Tess Objects Of Interest With Triceratops And Statistical Validation Of 12 Planet Candidates, S. Giacalone, C. D. Dressing, Eric L.N. Jensen, K. A. Collins, G. R. Ricker, R. Vanderspek, S. Seager, J. N. Winn, J. M. Jenkins, T. Barclay, K. Barkaoui, C. Cadieux, D. Charbonneau, K. I. Collins, D. M. Conti, R. Doyon, P. Evans, M. Ghachoui, M. Gillon, N. M. Guerrero, R. Hart, E. Jehin, J. F. Kielkopf, B. Mclean, F. Murgas, E. Palle, H. Parviainen, F. J. Pozuelos, H. M. Relles, A. Shporer, Q. Socia, C. Stockdale, T.-G. Tan, G. Torres, J. D. Twicken, W. C. Waalkes, I. A. Waite

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

We present TRICERATOPS, a new Bayesian tool that can be used to vet and validate TESS Objects of Interest (TOIs). We test the tool on 68 TOIs that have been previously confirmed as planets or rejected as astrophysical false positives. By looking in the false-positive probability (FPP)−nearby false-positive probability (NFPP) plane, we define criteria that TOIs must meet to be classified as validated planets (FPP < 0.015 and NFPP < 10−3), likely planets (FPP < 0.5 and NFPP < 10−3), and likely nearby false positives (NFPP > 10−1). We apply this procedure on 384 unclassified TOIs and statistically validate 12, classify 125 as likely planets, and classify 52 as likely nearby false positives. Of the 12 statistically validated planets, 9 ...


Monitoring Agns With H-Beta Asymmetry: Markarian 841, Samuel J. Schonsberg 2021 University of Montana

Monitoring Agns With H-Beta Asymmetry: Markarian 841, Samuel J. Schonsberg

Undergraduate Theses, Professional Papers, and Capstone Artifacts

Quasars are among the most luminous objects in the Universe, and the mechanism behind their luminosity was shrouded in mystery decades after their discovery. Since then, we have found that these objects are active galactic nuclei (AGN), which are powered by actively-feeding super massive black holes at the center of a galaxy. But we still know fairly little about the structure and motion of the material surrounding active super massive black holes, and most of these objects are not resolvable by conventional observations. We use a technique called reverberation mapping, which is traditionally used only as a mass determination method ...


Agn Jets And A Fanciful Trio Of Black Holes In The Abell 85 Brightest Cluster Galaxy, Juan P. Madrid 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Agn Jets And A Fanciful Trio Of Black Holes In The Abell 85 Brightest Cluster Galaxy, Juan P. Madrid

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

A new radio map of the Abell 85 Brightest Cluster Galaxy (BCG) was obtained with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. With a resolution of 002, this radio image shows two kiloparsec-scale bipolar active galactic nucleus jets emanating from the active galactic nucleus of the A85 BCG. The galaxy core appears as a single entity on the new radio map. It has been assumed that the A85 BCG contained a binary black hole in its core. However, Chandra X-ray data and the new high-resolution radio map show no evidence that the A85 BCG harbors a binary black hole. The ...


Pint: A Modern Software Package For Pulsar Timing, Jing Luo, S. M. Ransom, Paul B. Demorest, P. S. Ray, Anne M. Archibald, M. Kerr, Ross J. Jennings, Matteo Bachetti, Rutger van Haasteren, Fredrick A. Jenet 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Pint: A Modern Software Package For Pulsar Timing, Jing Luo, S. M. Ransom, Paul B. Demorest, P. S. Ray, Anne M. Archibald, M. Kerr, Ross J. Jennings, Matteo Bachetti, Rutger Van Haasteren, Fredrick A. Jenet

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Over the past few decades, the measurement precision of some pulsar timing experiments has advanced from ~10 μs to ~10 ns, revealing many subtle phenomena. Such high precision demands both careful data handling and sophisticated timing models to avoid systematic error. To achieve these goals, we present PINT (PINT Is Not Tempo3), a high-precision Python pulsar timing data analysis package, which is hosted on GitHub and available on the Python Package Index (PyPI) as pint-pulsar. PINT is well tested, validated, object oriented, and modular, enabling interactive data analysis and providing an extensible and flexible development platform for timing applications ...


Reducing Scattered Light In Ligo's Third Observing Run, S. Soni, C. Austin, A. Effler, R. M. S. Schofield, G. Gonzalez, V. V. Frolov, J. C. Driggers, A. Pele, A. L. Urban, G. Valdes, K. E. Ramirez 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Reducing Scattered Light In Ligo's Third Observing Run, S. Soni, C. Austin, A. Effler, R. M. S. Schofield, G. Gonzalez, V. V. Frolov, J. C. Driggers, A. Pele, A. L. Urban, G. Valdes, K. E. Ramirez

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Noise due to scattered light has been a frequent disturbance in the advanced LIGO gravitational wave detectors, hindering the detection of gravitational waves. The non stationary scatter noise caused by low frequency motion can be recognized as arches in the time-frequency plane of the gravitational wave channel. In this paper, we characterize the scattering noise for LIGO and Virgo's third observing run O3 from April, 2019 to March, 2020. We find at least two different populations of scattering noise and we investigate the multiple origins of one of them as well as its mitigation. We find that relative motion ...


A Detailed X-Ray Analysis Of The Cold Front In Relics Cluster A2163, Anne Poy 2021 Claremont Colleges

A Detailed X-Ray Analysis Of The Cold Front In Relics Cluster A2163, Anne Poy

CMC Senior Theses

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound objects in the Universe. Studying them can teach us about how they merge and grow, which in turn provides unparalleled information about the history of the evolution of the Universe. X-ray observations of galaxy clusters have uncovered substructure in the hot, X-ray emitting gas known as the intracluster mediums (ICM). Substructure indicates that the ICM has been churned up, possibly by a significant off-axis merger event. This substructure includes cold fronts, sloshing spirals, and shocks. We present deep Chandra observations of the merging cluster Abell 2163. We investigate the global spectrum and find ...


Pulsar Noise Processes And Emission Physics, Brent Jacob Shapiro-Albert 2021 West Virginia University

Pulsar Noise Processes And Emission Physics, Brent Jacob Shapiro-Albert

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Precision pulsar timing can be used to study many different astrophysically interesting phenomena, from the emission mechanism of pulsars to the detection of nanohertz gravitational waves. These analyses span topics such as studying the single pulses of pulsars and analyzing years of pulsar timing data from pulsar timing arrays (PTAs). Single-pulse studies allow us to glean information on the emission physics of pulsars on their shortest timescales, while PTA observations of millisecond pulsars (MSPs) allow us to not only study the pulsars themselves, but also probe the interstellar medium (ISM) and constrain the noise in the data for precision pulsar ...


Small-Scale Dynamics Of Photospheric Magnetic Activities And Their Chromospheric Responses, Jiasheng Wang 2020 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Small-Scale Dynamics Of Photospheric Magnetic Activities And Their Chromospheric Responses, Jiasheng Wang

Dissertations

The evolution of photospheric magnetic fields is considered as the fundamental source of forming atmospheric structures and triggering most solar activities, including flares and mass ejections on various scales (CMEs, jets, etc.). With the implementation of high-resolution observational instruments, small-scale details of magnetic features are recognized that can provide important information regarding the evolution in active regions and the connection between photospheric magnetic reconnection and jet-like ejections in the quiet Sun. This research takes advantage of the exceptionally high-resolution measurements of vector magnetic field and imaging observations by the Goode Solar Telescope, and UV/EUV imaging observations from space-based instruments ...


Supernovae Distributions And Their Relationships To Classes Of Stars, Sydney Menne 2020 University of North Dakota

Supernovae Distributions And Their Relationships To Classes Of Stars, Sydney Menne

Arts & Sciences Undergraduate Showcase

Aims. Data from astronomical catalogs are plotted as spatial distributions of stars and supernovae throughout the Milky Way galaxy and the universe. I examined correlations seen between the luminosity classes of stars, types of supernovae, and selection effects observed in the data.

Methods. Data was gathered from three catalogs; the Gliese Catalog of Nearby Stars, the Tycho-2 Catalog, and the Open Supernova Catalog. Graphs and diagrams were created to visualize the distributions of the stellar luminosity classes and supernova types at different radial distances from the Sun. Trendlines were fit through the data to examine extrapolated predictions.

Results/Conclusions. Documenting ...


Multipoint Observations Of Compressional Pc5 Pulsations In The Dayside Magnetosphere And Corresponding Particle Signatures, Galina Korotova, David Sibeck, Mark Engebretson, Michael Balikhin, Scott Thaller, Craig Kletzing, Harlan Spence, Robert Redmon 2020 University of Maryland at College Park

Multipoint Observations Of Compressional Pc5 Pulsations In The Dayside Magnetosphere And Corresponding Particle Signatures, Galina Korotova, David Sibeck, Mark Engebretson, Michael Balikhin, Scott Thaller, Craig Kletzing, Harlan Spence, Robert Redmon

Faculty Authored Articles

We use Van Allen Probes (Radiation Belt Storm Probes A and B, henceforth RBSP-A and RBSP-B) and GOES-13 and GOES-15 (henceforth G-13 and G-15) multipoint magnetic field, electric field, plasma, and energetic particle observations to study the spatial, temporal, and spectral characteristics of compressional Pc5 pulsations observed during the recovery phase of a strong geomagnetic storm on 1 January 2016. From ∼ 19:00 to 23:02 UT, successive magnetospheric compressions enhanced the peak-to-peak amplitudes of Pc5 waves with 4.5'6.0 mHz frequencies from 0' 2 to 10'15 nT at both RBSP-A and RBSP-B, particularly in the prenoon ...


The Nanograv 12.5 Yr Data Set: Observations And Narrowband Timing Of 47 Millisecond Pulsars, Md F. Alam, Zaven Arzoumanian, Paul T. Baker, Harsha Blumer, Keith E. Bohler, Keeisi Caballero, Richard S. Camuccio, Yhamil Garcia 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The Nanograv 12.5 Yr Data Set: Observations And Narrowband Timing Of 47 Millisecond Pulsars, Md F. Alam, Zaven Arzoumanian, Paul T. Baker, Harsha Blumer, Keith E. Bohler, Keeisi Caballero, Richard S. Camuccio, Yhamil Garcia

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

We present time-of-arrival (TOA) measurements and timing models of 47 millisecond pulsars observed from 2004 to 2017 at the Arecibo Observatory and the Green Bank Telescope by the North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves (NANOGrav). The observing cadence was three to four weeks for most pulsars over most of this time span, with weekly observations of six sources. These data were collected for use in low-frequency gravitational wave searches and for other astrophysical purposes. We detail our observational methods and present a set of TOA measurements, based on "narrowband" analysis, in which many TOAs are calculated within narrow radio-frequency ...


Introduction To Classical Field Theory, Charles G. Torre 2020 Department of Physics, Utah State University

Introduction To Classical Field Theory, Charles G. Torre

All Complete Monographs

This is an introduction to classical field theory. Topics treated include: Klein-Gordon field, electromagnetic field, scalar electrodynamics, Dirac field, Yang-Mills field, gravitational field, Noether theorems relating symmetries and conservation laws, spontaneous symmetry breaking, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms.


Search For Gravitational Waves From Scorpius X-1 In The Second Advanced Ligo Observing Run With An Improved Hidden Markov Model, Tiffany Summerscales, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration 2020 Andrews University

Search For Gravitational Waves From Scorpius X-1 In The Second Advanced Ligo Observing Run With An Improved Hidden Markov Model, Tiffany Summerscales, Ligo Scientific Collaboration And The Virgo Collaboration

Faculty Publications

We present results from a semicoherent search for continuous gravitational waves from the low-mass x-ray binary Scorpius X-1, using a hidden Markov model (HMM) to track spin wandering. This search improves on previous HMM-based searches of LIGO data by using an improved frequency domain matched filter, the J-statistic, and by analyzing data from Advanced LIGO’s second observing run. In the frequency range searched, from 60 to 650 Hz, we find no evidence of gravitational radiation. At 194.6 Hz, the most sensitive search frequency, we report an upper limit on gravitational wave strain (at 95% confidence) of h95%0 ...


Herschel Gould Belt Survey Observations Of Dense Cores In The Cepheus Flare Clouds, James Di Francesco, Jared Keown, Cassandra Fallscheer, Philippe André, Bilal Ladjelate, Vera Könyves, Alexander Men'shchikov, Shaun Stephens-Whale, Quang Nguyen-Luong, Peter Martin, Sarah Sadavoy, Stefano Pezzuto, Eleonora Fiorellino, Milena Benedettini, Nicola Schneider, Sylvain Bontemps, Doris Arzoumanian, Pedro Palmeirim, Jason M. Kirk, Derek Ward-Thompson 2020 Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics Research Centre

Herschel Gould Belt Survey Observations Of Dense Cores In The Cepheus Flare Clouds, James Di Francesco, Jared Keown, Cassandra Fallscheer, Philippe André, Bilal Ladjelate, Vera Könyves, Alexander Men'shchikov, Shaun Stephens-Whale, Quang Nguyen-Luong, Peter Martin, Sarah Sadavoy, Stefano Pezzuto, Eleonora Fiorellino, Milena Benedettini, Nicola Schneider, Sylvain Bontemps, Doris Arzoumanian, Pedro Palmeirim, Jason M. Kirk, Derek Ward-Thompson

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of the Sciences

We present Herschel SPIRE and PACS maps of the Cepheus Flare clouds L1157, L1172, L1228, L1241, and L1251, observed by the Herschel Gould Belt Survey of nearby star-forming molecular clouds. Through modified blackbody fits to the SPIRE and PACS data, we determine typical cloud column densities of (0.5–1.0) × 1021 cm−2 and typical cloud temperatures of 14–15 K. Using the getsources identification algorithm, we extract 832 dense cores from the SPIRE and PACS data at 160–500 μm. From placement in a mass versus size diagram, we consider 303 to be candidate prestellar cores ...


Physics 516: Electromagnetic Phenomena (Spring 2020), Philip C. Nelson 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Physics 516: Electromagnetic Phenomena (Spring 2020), Philip C. Nelson

Department of Physics Papers

These course notes are made publicly available in the hope that they will be useful. All reports of errata will be gratefully received. I will also be glad to hear from anyone who reads them, whether or not you find errors: pcn@upenn.edu.


The Carmenes Search For Exoplanets Around M Dwarfs: Lp 714-47 B (Toi 442.01): Populating The Neptune Desert, S. Dreizler, I. J. M. Crossfield, D. Kossakowski, P. Plavchan, S. V. Jeffers, J. Kemmer, R. Luque, N. Espinoza, E. Pallé, K. Stassun, E. Matthews, B. Cale, J. A. Caballero, M. Schlecker, J. Lillo-Box, M. Zechmeister, S. Lalitha, A. Reiners, A. Soubkiou, B. Bitsch, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, P. Chaturvedi, A. P. Hatzes, G. Ricker, R. Vaderspek, D. W. Latham, S. Seager, J. Winn, J. M. Jenkins, J. Aceituno, P. J. Amado, K. Barkaoui, M. Barbieri, N. M. Batalha, F. F. Bauer, B. Benneke, Z. Benkhaldoun, C. Beichman, J. Berberian, J. Burt, R. P. Butler, D. A. Caldwell, A. Chintada, A. Chontos, J. L. Christiansen, D. R. Ciardi, C. Cifuentes, K. A. Collins, K. I. Collins, D. Combs, M. Cortés-Contreras, J. D. Crane, T. Daylan, D. Dragomir, E. Esparza-Borges, P. Evans, F. Feng, E. E. Flowers, A. Fukui, B. Fulton, E. Furlan, E. Gaidos, C. Geneser, S. Giacalone, M. Gillon, E. Gonzales, V. Gorjian, C. Hellier, D. Hidalgo, A. W. Howard, S. Howell, D. Huber, H. Isaacson, E. Jehin, Eric L.N. Jensen, A. Kaminski, S. R. Kane, K. Kawauchi, J. F. Kielkopf, H. Klahr, M. R. Kosiarek, L. Kreidberg, M. Kürster, M. Lafarga, J. Livingston, D. Louie, A. Mann, A. Madrigal-Aguado, R. A. Matson, T. Mocnik, J. C. Morales, P. S. Muirhead, F. Murgas, S. Nandakumar, N. Narita, G. Nowak, M. Oshagh, P. Parviainen, V. M. Passegger, D. Pollacco, F. J. Pozuelos, A. Quirrenbach, M. Reefe, I. Ribas, P. Robertson, C. Rodríguez-López, M. E. Rose, A. Roy, A. Schweitzer, J. Schlieder, S. Shectman, A. Tanner, H. V. Şenavci, J. Teske, J. D. Twicken, J. Villasenor, S. X. Wang, L. M. Weiss, J. Wittrock, M. Yilmaz, F. Zohrabi 2020 Swarthmore College

The Carmenes Search For Exoplanets Around M Dwarfs: Lp 714-47 B (Toi 442.01): Populating The Neptune Desert, S. Dreizler, I. J. M. Crossfield, D. Kossakowski, P. Plavchan, S. V. Jeffers, J. Kemmer, R. Luque, N. Espinoza, E. Pallé, K. Stassun, E. Matthews, B. Cale, J. A. Caballero, M. Schlecker, J. Lillo-Box, M. Zechmeister, S. Lalitha, A. Reiners, A. Soubkiou, B. Bitsch, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, P. Chaturvedi, A. P. Hatzes, G. Ricker, R. Vaderspek, D. W. Latham, S. Seager, J. Winn, J. M. Jenkins, J. Aceituno, P. J. Amado, K. Barkaoui, M. Barbieri, N. M. Batalha, F. F. Bauer, B. Benneke, Z. Benkhaldoun, C. Beichman, J. Berberian, J. Burt, R. P. Butler, D. A. Caldwell, A. Chintada, A. Chontos, J. L. Christiansen, D. R. Ciardi, C. Cifuentes, K. A. Collins, K. I. Collins, D. Combs, M. Cortés-Contreras, J. D. Crane, T. Daylan, D. Dragomir, E. Esparza-Borges, P. Evans, F. Feng, E. E. Flowers, A. Fukui, B. Fulton, E. Furlan, E. Gaidos, C. Geneser, S. Giacalone, M. Gillon, E. Gonzales, V. Gorjian, C. Hellier, D. Hidalgo, A. W. Howard, S. Howell, D. Huber, H. Isaacson, E. Jehin, Eric L.N. Jensen, A. Kaminski, S. R. Kane, K. Kawauchi, J. F. Kielkopf, H. Klahr, M. R. Kosiarek, L. Kreidberg, M. Kürster, M. Lafarga, J. Livingston, D. Louie, A. Mann, A. Madrigal-Aguado, R. A. Matson, T. Mocnik, J. C. Morales, P. S. Muirhead, F. Murgas, S. Nandakumar, N. Narita, G. Nowak, M. Oshagh, P. Parviainen, V. M. Passegger, D. Pollacco, F. J. Pozuelos, A. Quirrenbach, M. Reefe, I. Ribas, P. Robertson, C. Rodríguez-López, M. E. Rose, A. Roy, A. Schweitzer, J. Schlieder, S. Shectman, A. Tanner, H. V. Şenavci, J. Teske, J. D. Twicken, J. Villasenor, S. X. Wang, L. M. Weiss, J. Wittrock, M. Yilmaz, F. Zohrabi

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

We report the discovery of a Neptune-like planet (LP 714-47 b, P = 4.05204 d, mb = 30.8 ± 1.5M⊕, Rb = 4.7 ± 0.3 R⊕) located in the “hot Neptune desert”. Confirmation of the TESS Object of Interest (TOI 442.01) was achieved with radial-velocity follow-up using CARMENES, ESPRESSO, HIRES, iSHELL, and PFS, as well as from photometric data using TESS, Spitzer, and ground-based photometry from MuSCAT2, TRAPPIST-South, MONET-South, the George Mason University telescope, the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope network, the El Sauce telescope, the TÜBİTAK National Observatory, the University of Louisville Manner Telescope, and WASP-South. We also ...


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