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Expected And Achievable Accuracy In Estimating Parameters Of Standing Accretion Shock Instability (Sasi) Fluctuations From Neutrinos And Gravitational Wave Oscillations, Colter Richardson, Jonathan Westhouse 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Expected And Achievable Accuracy In Estimating Parameters Of Standing Accretion Shock Instability (Sasi) Fluctuations From Neutrinos And Gravitational Wave Oscillations, Colter Richardson, Jonathan Westhouse

Undergraduate Research Symposium - Prescott

Core collapse supernovae are one of the most interesting sources of gravitational waves. When the progenitor star is particularly massive, hydrodynamic instability called standing accretion shock instability can develop and it is characterized by deterministic oscillations in the gravitational wave signal as well as in the neutrino luminosity with frequencies of 100hz. In this talk we will review current efforts to extract physical information from the SASI components of the gravitational wave and enhance the detectability of gravitational waves with such components both using laser interferometers and neutrino detectors.


Modeling And Detectability Of Gravitational Wave Waveform Memory From Core Collapse Supernovae, Pedro Jesus Quinonez, Emily Grimes 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Modeling And Detectability Of Gravitational Wave Waveform Memory From Core Collapse Supernovae, Pedro Jesus Quinonez, Emily Grimes

Undergraduate Research Symposium - Prescott

Ever since the discovery of gravitational waves by LIGO, studying these waves have become of utmost importance. This is because gravitational waves have the potential to carry information that have remain unseen by physicist in the past. For example, take the case of a core collapse supernovae. Any information transferred through electromagnetic waves that attempts to escape the inner core of a dying star is blocked out by the intense radiation of its outer shell. For this reason, astronomers have been unable to truly study what goes in the core. However, this is not the case for gravitational waves, which ...


Research In Optics For Gravitational Wave Detection, Britney Biltz, Noura Ibrahim, Brennan Moore 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Research In Optics For Gravitational Wave Detection, Britney Biltz, Noura Ibrahim, Brennan Moore

Undergraduate Research Symposium - Prescott

B.Biltz uses a horizontal “Zollner style” pendulum to monitor changes in the local gravitational field. The pendulum is attracted to the moon and the Sun and so, as the Earth turns, the pendulum’s equilibrium point shifts within a 24-hour period. This is an experiment designed to test the limits of such a pendulum. This sort of system may be useful as a method of monitoring and correcting for gravity gradient noise in future gravitational wave detectors.

N.Ibrahim characterizes thermo-optic noise in high-performance mirror coatings of the type used in Advanced LIGO. To characterize thermo-optic noise, she measures ...


Multicolor Blackbody Emission In Grb 081221, Shu-Jin Hou, Bin-Bin Zhang, Yan-Zhi Meng, Xue-Feng Wu, En-Wei Liang, Hou-Jun Lü, Tong Liu, Yun-Feng Liang, Lin Lin, Rui-jing Lu, Jin-Shu Huang, Bing Zhang 2018 Nanyang Normal University; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Guangxi University

Multicolor Blackbody Emission In Grb 081221, Shu-Jin Hou, Bin-Bin Zhang, Yan-Zhi Meng, Xue-Feng Wu, En-Wei Liang, Hou-Jun Lü, Tong Liu, Yun-Feng Liang, Lin Lin, Rui-Jing Lu, Jin-Shu Huang, Bing Zhang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

The radiation mechanism of the prompt emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) remains an open question. Although their spectra are usually well fitted with the empirical Band function, which is widely believed to be fully nonthermal and interpreted as an optically thin synchrotron emission, accumulating evidence shows that a thermal component actually exists. In this paper, a multicolor blackbody (mBB) model is proposed for the time-integrated spectrum of GRB 081221 by assuming a power-law distribution of the thermal luminosities with temperature, which manifests photospheric emissions from a different radius and/or angle. The effects of the minimum temperature kT min, the ...


A Comprehensive Analysis Of Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Data. Iv. Spectral Lag And Its Relation To E P Evolution, Rui-Jing Lu, Yun-Feng Liang, Da-Bin Lin, Jing Lü, Xiang-Gao Wang, Hou-Jun Lü, Hong-Bang Liu, En-Wei Liang, Bing Zhang 2018 Guangxi University

A Comprehensive Analysis Of Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Data. Iv. Spectral Lag And Its Relation To E P Evolution, Rui-Jing Lu, Yun-Feng Liang, Da-Bin Lin, Jing Lü, Xiang-Gao Wang, Hou-Jun Lü, Hong-Bang Liu, En-Wei Liang, Bing Zhang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

The spectral evolution and spectral lag behavior of 92 bright pulses from 84 gamma-ray bursts observed by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) telescope are studied. These pulses can be classified into hard-to-soft pulses (H2S; 64/92), H2S-dominated-tracking pulses (21/92), and other tracking pulses (7/92). We focus on the relationship between spectral evolution and spectral lags of H2S and H2S-dominated-tracking pulses. The main trend of spectral evolution (lag behavior) is estimated with ( ), where E p is the peak photon energy in the radiation spectrum, t + t 0 is the observer time relative to the beginning of pulse −t ...


The Optical/Nir Afterglow Of Grb 111209a: Complex Yet Not Unprecedented, D. A. Kann, P. Schady, E. F. Olivares, S. Klose, A. Rossi, D. A. Perley, Bing Zhang, T. Krühler, J. Greiner, A. Nicuesa Guelbenzu, J. Elliott, F. Knust, Z. Cano, R. Filgas, E. Pian, P. Mazzali, J. P. U. Fynbo, G. Leloudas, P. M. J. Afonso, C. Delvaux, J. F. Graham, A. Rau, S. Schmidl, S. Schulze, M. Tanga, A. C. Updike, K. Varela 2018 Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg; Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik; Technische Universität München; Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n

The Optical/Nir Afterglow Of Grb 111209a: Complex Yet Not Unprecedented, D. A. Kann, P. Schady, E. F. Olivares, S. Klose, A. Rossi, D. A. Perley, Bing Zhang, T. Krühler, J. Greiner, A. Nicuesa Guelbenzu, J. Elliott, F. Knust, Z. Cano, R. Filgas, E. Pian, P. Mazzali, J. P. U. Fynbo, G. Leloudas, P. M. J. Afonso, C. Delvaux, J. F. Graham, A. Rau, S. Schmidl, S. Schulze, M. Tanga, A. C. Updike, K. Varela

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

Context. Afterglows of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are simple in the most basic model, but can show many complex features. The ultra-long duration GRB 111209A, one of the longest GRBs ever detected, also has the best-monitored afterglow in this rare class of GRBs. Aims. We want to address the question whether GRB 111209A was a special event beyond its extreme duration alone, and whether it is a classical GRB or another kind of high-energy transient. The afterglow may yield significant clues. Methods. We present afterglow photometry obtained in seven bands with the GROND imager as well as in further seven bands ...


Chromodynamical Analysis Of Lenticular Galaxies Using Globular Clusters And Planetary Nebulae, Emilio Zanatta, Arianna Cortesi, Ana Chies-Santos, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Adebusola Alabi, Lodovico Coccato, Claudia Mendes de Oliveira, Jean Brodie, Michael Merrifield 2018 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Chromodynamical Analysis Of Lenticular Galaxies Using Globular Clusters And Planetary Nebulae, Emilio Zanatta, Arianna Cortesi, Ana Chies-Santos, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Adebusola Alabi, Lodovico Coccato, Claudia Mendes De Oliveira, Jean Brodie, Michael Merrifield

Faculty Publications

Recovering the origins of lenticular galaxies can shed light on the understanding of galaxy and compare them with the kinematics of planetary nebulae (PNe). The PNe and GC data come from the Planetary Nebulae Spectrograph and the SLUGGS Surveys. Through photometric spheroid-disc decomposition and PNe kinematics. we find the probability for a given GC to belong to either the spheroid or the disc of its host galaxy or be rejected from the model. We find that there is no correlation between the components that the GCs are likely to belong to and their colours. Particularly, for NGC 2768, we find ...


Event Engineering Studies For Heavy Flavor Production And Hadronization In High Multiplicity Hadron-Hadron And Hadron-Nucleus Collisions, Yan-Qing Ma, Prithwish Tribedy, Raju Venugopalan, Kazuhiro Watanabe 2018 Old Dominion University

Event Engineering Studies For Heavy Flavor Production And Hadronization In High Multiplicity Hadron-Hadron And Hadron-Nucleus Collisions, Yan-Qing Ma, Prithwish Tribedy, Raju Venugopalan, Kazuhiro Watanabe

Physics Faculty Publications

Heavy flavor measurements in high multiplicity proton-proton and proton-nucleus collisions at collider energies enable unique insights into their production and hadronization mechanism because experimental and theoretical uncertainties cancel in ratios of their cross sections relative to minimum bias events. We explore such event engineering using the color glass condensate (CGC) effective field theory to compute short-distance charmonium cross sections. The CGC is combined with heavy-quark fragmentation functions to compute D-meson cross sections; for the J/ψ, hadronization is described employing nonrelativistic QCD (NRQCD) and an improved color evaporation model. Excellent agreement is found between the CGC computations and the LHC ...


Time-Dependent Radiation-Driven Winds, Sergei Dyda, Daniel Proga 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Time-Dependent Radiation-Driven Winds, Sergei Dyda, Daniel Proga

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

We study temporal variability of radiation-driven winds using one-dimensional, time-dependent simulations and an extension of the classic theory of line-driven winds developed by Castor Abbott & Klein. We drive the wind with a sinusoidally varying radiation field and find that after a relaxation time, determined by the propagation time for waves to move out of the acceleration zone of the wind, the solution settles into a periodic state. Winds driven at frequencies much higher than the dynamical frequency behave like stationary winds with time averaged radiation flux, whereas winds driven at much lower frequencies oscillate between the high and low flux ...


A Bayesian Analysis Of The Ages Of Four Open Clusters, Elizabeth Jeffery, Ted von Hippel, David A. van Dyk, David C. Stenning, Elliot Robinson, Nathan Sten, William H. Jefferys 2018 BYU

A Bayesian Analysis Of The Ages Of Four Open Clusters, Elizabeth Jeffery, Ted Von Hippel, David A. Van Dyk, David C. Stenning, Elliot Robinson, Nathan Sten, William H. Jefferys

Publications

In this paper we apply a Bayesian technique to determine the best fit of stellar evolution models to find the main sequence turn off age and other cluster parameters of four intermediate-age open clusters: NGC 2360, NGC 2477, NGC 2660, and NGC 3960. Our algorithm utilizes a Markov chain Monte Carlo technique to fit these various parameters, objectively finding the best-fit isochrone for each cluster. The result is a high-precision isochrone fit. We compare these results with the those of traditional “by-eye” isochrone fitting methods. By applying this Bayesian technique to NGC 2360, NGC 2477, NGC 2660, and NGC 3960 ...


Chromodynamical Analysis Of Lenticular Galaxies Using Globular Clusters And Planetary Nebulae, Emilio J B Zanatta, Arianna Cortesi, Ana L. Chies-Santos, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Adebusola B. Alabi, Lodovico Coccato, Claudia Mendes de Oliveira, Jean P. Brodie, Michael M. Merrifield 2018 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Chromodynamical Analysis Of Lenticular Galaxies Using Globular Clusters And Planetary Nebulae, Emilio J B Zanatta, Arianna Cortesi, Ana L. Chies-Santos, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Adebusola B. Alabi, Lodovico Coccato, Claudia Mendes De Oliveira, Jean P. Brodie, Michael M. Merrifield

Aaron J. Romanowsky

Recovering the origins of lenticular galaxies can shed light on the understanding of galaxy and compare them with the kinematics of planetary nebulae (PNe). The PNe and GC data come from the Planetary Nebulae Spectrograph and the SLUGGS Surveys. Through photometric spheroid-disc decomposition and PNe kinematics. we find the probability for a given GC to belong to either the spheroid or the disc of its host galaxy or be rejected from the model. We find that there is no correlation between the components that the GCs are likely to belong to and their colours. Particularly, for NGC 2768, we find ...


Long-Lived Remnants From Binary Neutron Star Mergers, David Radice, Albino Perego, Sebastiano Bernuzzi, Bing Zhang 2018 Princeton University

Long-Lived Remnants From Binary Neutron Star Mergers, David Radice, Albino Perego, Sebastiano Bernuzzi, Bing Zhang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

Massive neutron stars (NSs) with lifetimes of at least several seconds are expected to be the result of a sizable fraction of NS mergers. We study their formation using a large set of numerical relativity simulations. We show that they are initially endowed with angular momentum that significantly exceeds the mass-shedding limit for rigidly rotating equilibria. We find that gravitational wave (GW) emission is not able to remove this excess angular momentum within the time over which solid body rotation should be achieved. Instead, we argue that the excess angular momentum could be carried away by massive winds. Long-lived merger ...


Effects Of Radiation Field Geometry On Line Driven Disc Winds, Sergei Dyda, Daniel Proga 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Effects Of Radiation Field Geometry On Line Driven Disc Winds, Sergei Dyda, Daniel Proga

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

We study line driven winds for models with different radial intensity profiles: standard Shakura–Sunyaev radiating thin discs, uniform intensity discs, and truncated discs where driving radiation is cut-off at some radius. We find that global outflow properties depend primarily on the total system luminosity but truncated discs can launch outflows with ∼2 times higher mass flux and ∼50 per cent faster outflow velocity than non-truncated discs with the same total radiation flux. Streamlines interior to the truncation radius are largely unaffected and carry the same momentum flux as non-truncated models whereas those far outside the truncation radius effectively carry ...


Survival Of Non-Coplanar, Closely Packed Planetary Systems After A Close Encounter, David R. Rice, Frederic A. Rasio, Jason H. Steffen 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Survival Of Non-Coplanar, Closely Packed Planetary Systems After A Close Encounter, David R. Rice, Frederic A. Rasio, Jason H. Steffen

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

Planetary systems with more than two bodies will experience orbital crossings at a time related to the initial orbital separations of the planets. After a crossing, the system enters a period of chaotic evolution ending in the reshaping of the system’s architecture via planetary collisions or ejections. We carry out N-body integrations on a large number of systems with equally spaced planets (in units of the Hill radius) to determine the distribution of instability times for a given planet separation. We investigate both the time to the initiation of instability through a close encounter and the time to a ...


Database Review: Sao/Nasa Astrophysics Data System, Laura Pope Robbins 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Database Review: Sao/Nasa Astrophysics Data System, Laura Pope Robbins

Publications

Laura Pope Robbins is an advisor for The Charleston Advisor, and the review below is included in Scholarly Commons with the permission of the publisher.

The Astrophysics Data System (ADS) is the premier Open Access research database for astronomy and astrophysics containing over 13 million bibliographic records. These records include journal articles, books, conference proceedings, historical observatory bulletins, and other gray literature. An exceptional feature of ADS is the visualizations it creates, showing author networks, overlapping citations, and frequently occurring terminology giving researchers new ways to explore the literature. It is a unique resource that is as easy for a ...


Magnetothermal Disc Winds In X-Ray Binaries: Poloidal Magnetic Fields Suppress Thermal Winds, Tim Waters, Daniel Proga 2018 Los Alamos National Laboratory

Magnetothermal Disc Winds In X-Ray Binaries: Poloidal Magnetic Fields Suppress Thermal Winds, Tim Waters, Daniel Proga

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

Magnetic, radiation pressure, and thermal driving are the three mechanisms capable of launching accretion disc winds. In X-ray binaries, radiation pressure is often not significant, as in many systems the luminosity is too low for driving due to continuum transitions yet too high for driving due to line transitions. This leaves thermal and magnetic driving as the contender launching mechanisms in these systems. Using ATHENA++, we perform axisymmetric ideal MHD simulations that include radiative heating and cooling processes appropriate for Compton heated winds to show that the inclusion of magnetic fields into a thermally driven wind has the opposite effect ...


Fitting Parameter Uncertainties In Least Squares Fitting, R. Steven Turley 2018 Brigham Young University

Fitting Parameter Uncertainties In Least Squares Fitting, R. Steven Turley

All Faculty Publications

This article review the theory and practice of computing uncertainties in the fit parameters in least squares fits. It shows how to estimate the uncertainties and gives some numerical examples in Julia of their use. Examples are given and validated for both linear and nonlinear fits.


Light Curves In X-Rays And Gamma-Rays, Daniel H. Sellers 2018 University of Oregon

Light Curves In X-Rays And Gamma-Rays, Daniel H. Sellers

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Gamma-ray Bursts are the most luminous and energetic events in the universe. Understanding the intrinsic properties of GRBs allows for their use as standard candles (objects of known distance and luminosity) and for the study of extremely distant regions of space.

In this study we use the piecewise Willingale model to fit the X-ray flux vs. time curves (light curves) of 235 GRBs with detectable 'plateau' phase and known redshift using data from the swift repository. This sample is analyzed for consistency with a relation between the temporal decay and spectral indexes predicted by the Fireball model of GRB Emission ...


Origins Of Ultradiffuse Galaxies In The Coma Cluster – I. Constraints From Velocity Phase Space, Adebusola Alabi, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Duncan Forbes, Asher Wasserman, Sabine Bellstedt, Ignacio Martín-Navarro, Viraj Pandya, Maria Stone, Nobuhiro Okabe 2018 University of California Observatories

Origins Of Ultradiffuse Galaxies In The Coma Cluster – I. Constraints From Velocity Phase Space, Adebusola Alabi, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Duncan Forbes, Asher Wasserman, Sabine Bellstedt, Ignacio Martín-Navarro, Viraj Pandya, Maria Stone, Nobuhiro Okabe

Faculty Publications

We use Keck/DEIMOS spectroscopy to confirm the cluster membership of 16 ultradiffuse galaxies (UDGs) in the Coma cluster, bringing the total number of spectroscopically confirmed UDGs from the Yagi et al. (Y16) catalogue to 25. We also identify a new cluster background UDG, confirming that most (∼95 per cent) of the UDGs in the Y16 catalogue belong to the Coma cluster. In this pilot study of Coma UDGs in velocity phase space, we find evidence of a diverse origin for Coma cluster UDGs, similar to normal dwarf galaxies. Some UDGs in our sample are consistent with being late infalls ...


Photoproduction Of K+ K- Meson Pairs On The Proton, S. Lombardo, M. Battaglieri, A. Celentano, A. D'Angelo, R. De Vita, A. Filippi, D. I. Glazier, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, The CLAS Collaboration 2018 Old Dominion University

Photoproduction Of K+ K- Meson Pairs On The Proton, S. Lombardo, M. Battaglieri, A. Celentano, A. D'Angelo, R. De Vita, A. Filippi, D. I. Glazier, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, The Clas Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

The exclusive reaction γp → pK+K was studied in the photon energy range 3.0–3.8 GeV and momentum transfer range 0.6 < −t< 1.3 GeV2. Data were collected with the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. In this kinematic range the integrated luminosity was approximately 20 pb−1. The reaction was isolated by detecting the K+ and the proton in CLAS, and reconstructing the K via the missing-mass technique. Moments of the dikaon decay angular distributions were extracted from the experimental data. Besides the dominant contribution of the ϕ meson in the P wave, evidence for S ...


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