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The Sluggs Survey: Dark Matter Fractions At Large Radii And Assembly Epochs Of Early-Type Galaxies From Globular Cluster Kinematics, Adebusola Alabi, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Jay Strader, Joachim Janz, Christopher Usher, Lee Spitler, Sabine Bellstedt, Anna Ferré-Mateu 2017 Swinburne University of Technology

The Sluggs Survey: Dark Matter Fractions At Large Radii And Assembly Epochs Of Early-Type Galaxies From Globular Cluster Kinematics, Adebusola Alabi, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Jay Strader, Joachim Janz, Christopher Usher, Lee Spitler, Sabine Bellstedt, Anna Ferré-Mateu

Faculty Publications

We use globular cluster kinematics data, primarily from the SAGES Legacy Unifying Globulars and GalaxieS (SLUGGS) survey, to measure the dark matter fraction (fDM) and the average dark matter density (〈ρDM〉) within the inner 5 effective radii (Re) for 32 nearby early-type galaxies (ETGs) with stellar mass log (M*/M⊙) ranging from 10.1 to 11.8. We compare our results with a simple galaxy model based on scaling relations as well as with cosmological hydrodynamical simulations where the dark matter profile has been modified through various physical processes. We find a high fDM (≥0.6) within 5 Re in ...


The Sluggs Survey: Dark Matter Fractions At Large Radii And Assembly Epochs Of Early-Type Galaxies From Globular Cluster Kinematics, Adebusola B. Alabi, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Jean P. Brodie, Jay Strader, Joachim Janz, Christopher Usher, Lee R. Spitler, Sabine Bellstedt, Anna Ferré-Mateu 2017 Swinburne University of Technology

The Sluggs Survey: Dark Matter Fractions At Large Radii And Assembly Epochs Of Early-Type Galaxies From Globular Cluster Kinematics, Adebusola B. Alabi, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Jean P. Brodie, Jay Strader, Joachim Janz, Christopher Usher, Lee R. Spitler, Sabine Bellstedt, Anna Ferré-Mateu

Aaron J. Romanowsky

We use globular cluster kinematics data, primarily from the SAGES Legacy Unifying Globulars and GalaxieS (SLUGGS) survey, to measure the dark matter fraction (fDM) and the average dark matter density (〈ρDM〉) within the inner 5 effective radii (Re) for 32 nearby early-type galaxies (ETGs) with stellar mass log (M*/M⊙) ranging from 10.1 to 11.8. We compare our results with a simple galaxy model based on scaling relations as well as with cosmological hydrodynamical simulations where the dark matter profile has been modified through various physical processes. We find a high fDM (≥0.6) within 5 ...


The Sluggs Survey: Using Extended Stellar Kinematics To Disentangle The Formation Histories Of Low-Mass S0 Galaxies, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan Forbes, Caroline Foster, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Nicola Pastorello, Adebusola Alabi, Alexa Villaume 2017 Swinburne University of Technology

The Sluggs Survey: Using Extended Stellar Kinematics To Disentangle The Formation Histories Of Low-Mass S0 Galaxies, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan Forbes, Caroline Foster, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Nicola Pastorello, Adebusola Alabi, Alexa Villaume

Faculty Publications

We utilize the DEIMOS instrument on the Keck telescope to measure the wide-field stellar kinematics of early-type galaxies as part of the SAGES Legacy Unifying Globulars and GalaxieS (SLUGGS) survey. In this paper, we focus on some of the lowest stellar mass lenticular galaxies within this survey, namely NGC 2549, NGC 4474, NGC 4459 and NGC 7457, performing detailed kinematic analyses out to large radial distances of ∼2–3 effective radii. For NGC 2549, we present the first analysis of data taken with the SuperSKiMS (Stellar Kinematics from Multiple Slits) technique. To better probe kinematic variations in the outskirts of ...


Almost Dark Galaxies: The Search For Optical Counterparts, Quinton O. Singer 2017 Macalester College

Almost Dark Galaxies: The Search For Optical Counterparts, Quinton O. Singer

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

Presented in this paper are results from neutral hydrogen (HI) imaging and analysis of the "Almost Dark" galaxies AGC 219533, AGC 227982, and AGC 268363 using new, higher resolution observations from the Very Large Array (VLA). Selected from the ALFALFA survey, "Almost Dark" galaxies possess significant HI reservoirs but, when the HI data is compared to survey-depth ground-based optical imaging, their optical stellar counterparts have extremely low surface brightnesses. AGC 219533 is one such object. The other two sources, AGC 227982 and AGC 26833, were candidate dark galaxies, as no stellar counterpart was identified in initial ALFALFA optical matching, and ...


A Direct Comparison Of Lyman-Alpha And Neutral Hydrogen Morphologies, Kathleen Fitzgibbon, John M. Cannon 2017 Macalester College

A Direct Comparison Of Lyman-Alpha And Neutral Hydrogen Morphologies, Kathleen Fitzgibbon, John M. Cannon

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

The Lyman-Alpha Reference Sample (LARS) and its extension (eLARS) represent an exhaustive campaign to reverse-engineer galaxies. The main goal is to understand how \lya radiation is transported within galaxies: what fraction of it escapes, and what physical properties affect the \lya morphology and radiative transport (e.g., dust and gas content, metallicity, kinematics, properties of the producing and underlying stellar populations). Two galaxies from the sample, LARS02 and LARS09, were observed using the B and C configurations of the Very Large Array to examine the neutral hydrogen emission, which can be used to determine a galaxy's neutral hydrogen (HI ...


The Hi Content Of Isolated Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies: A Sign Of Multiple Formation Mechanisms?, E. Papastergis, E. Adams, Aaron Romanowsky 2017 University of Groningen

The Hi Content Of Isolated Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies: A Sign Of Multiple Formation Mechanisms?, E. Papastergis, E. Adams, Aaron Romanowsky

Faculty Publications

We report on the results of radio observations in the 21 cm emission line of atomic hydrogen (HI) of four relatively isolated ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs): DGSAT I, R-127-1, M-161-1, and SECCO-dI-2. Our Effelsberg observations resulted in non-detections for the first three UDGs, and a clear detection for the last. DGSAT I, R-127-1, and M-161-1 are quiescent galaxies with gas fractions that are much lower than those of typical field galaxies of the same stellar mass. On the other hand, SECCO-dI-2 is a star forming gas-rich dwarf, similar to two other field UDGs that have literature HI data: SECCO-dI-1 and UGC ...


The Hi Content Of Isolated Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies: A Sign Of Multiple Formation Mechanisms?, E. Papastergis, E. A.K. Adams, Aaron J. Romanowsky 2017 University of Groningen

The Hi Content Of Isolated Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies: A Sign Of Multiple Formation Mechanisms?, E. Papastergis, E. A.K. Adams, Aaron J. Romanowsky

Aaron J. Romanowsky

We report on the results of radio observations in the 21 cm emission line of atomic hydrogen (HI) of four relatively isolated ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs): DGSAT I, R-127-1, M-161-1, and SECCO-dI-2. Our Effelsberg observations resulted in non-detections for the first three UDGs, and a clear detection for the last. DGSAT I, R-127-1, and M-161-1 are quiescent galaxies with gas fractions that are much lower than those of typical field galaxies of the same stellar mass. On the other hand, SECCO-dI-2 is a star forming gas-rich dwarf, similar to two other field UDGs that have literature HI data: SECCO-dI-1 and UGC ...


Detection Of Supermassive Black Holes In Two Virgo Ultracompact Dwarf Galaxies, Christopher Ahn, Anil Seth, Mark den Brok, Jay Strader, Holger Baumgardt, Remco van den Bosch, Igor Chilingarian, Matthias Frank, Michael Hilker, Richard McDermid, Steffen Mieske, Aaron Romanowsky, Lee Spitler, Jean Brodie, Nadine Neumayer, Jonelle Walsh 2017 University of Utah

Detection Of Supermassive Black Holes In Two Virgo Ultracompact Dwarf Galaxies, Christopher Ahn, Anil Seth, Mark Den Brok, Jay Strader, Holger Baumgardt, Remco Van Den Bosch, Igor Chilingarian, Matthias Frank, Michael Hilker, Richard Mcdermid, Steffen Mieske, Aaron Romanowsky, Lee Spitler, Jean Brodie, Nadine Neumayer, Jonelle Walsh

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Detection Of Supermassive Black Holes In Two Virgo Ultracompact Dwarf Galaxies, Christopher P. Ahn, Anil C. Seth, Mark den Brok, Jay Strader, Holger Baumgardt, Remco C.E. van den Bosch, Igor Chilingarian, Matthias J. Frank, Michael Hilker, Richard McDermid, Steffen Mieske, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Lee R. Spitler, Jean P. Brodie, Nadine Neumayer, Jonelle L. Walsh 2017 University of Utah

Detection Of Supermassive Black Holes In Two Virgo Ultracompact Dwarf Galaxies, Christopher P. Ahn, Anil C. Seth, Mark Den Brok, Jay Strader, Holger Baumgardt, Remco C.E. Van Den Bosch, Igor Chilingarian, Matthias J. Frank, Michael Hilker, Richard Mcdermid, Steffen Mieske, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Lee R. Spitler, Jean P. Brodie, Nadine Neumayer, Jonelle L. Walsh

Aaron J. Romanowsky

No abstract provided.


Ultra-Diffuse And Ultra-Compact Galaxies In The Frontier Fields Cluster Abell 2744, Steven Janssens, Roberto Abraham, Jean Brodie, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Pieter van Dokkum 2017 University of Toronto

Ultra-Diffuse And Ultra-Compact Galaxies In The Frontier Fields Cluster Abell 2744, Steven Janssens, Roberto Abraham, Jean Brodie, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Pieter Van Dokkum

Faculty Publications

We report the discovery of a large population of ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) in the massive galaxy cluster Abell 2744 (z = 0.308) as observed by the Hubble Frontier Fields program. Since this cluster is ~5 times more massive than Coma, our observations allow us to extend 0.7 dex beyond the high-mass end of the relationship between UDG abundance and cluster mass reported by van der Burg et al. Using the same selection criteria as van der Burg et al., A2744 hosts an estimated 1961 ± 577 UDGs, 10 times the number in Coma. As noted by Lee & Jang, A2744 contains ...


Book Review: From The Realm Of The Nebulae To Populations Of Galaxies: Dialogues On A Century Of Research, Astrophysics And Space Science Library, 435, T. D. Oswalt 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Book Review: From The Realm Of The Nebulae To Populations Of Galaxies: Dialogues On A Century Of Research, Astrophysics And Space Science Library, 435, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of From the Realm of the Nebulae to Populations of Galaxies : Dialogues on a Century of Research, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 435. by Mauro D'Onofrio, Roberto Rampazzo, and Simone Zaggia Springer, 2016 785p bibl index afp, 9783319310046 $279.00, 9783319310060 $219.00


Ultra-Diffuse And Ultra-Compact Galaxies In The Frontier Fields Cluster Abell 2744, Steven Janssens, Roberto Abraham, Jean P. Brodie, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Pieter van Dokkum 2017 University of Toronto

Ultra-Diffuse And Ultra-Compact Galaxies In The Frontier Fields Cluster Abell 2744, Steven Janssens, Roberto Abraham, Jean P. Brodie, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Pieter Van Dokkum

Aaron J. Romanowsky

We report the discovery of a large population of ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) in the massive galaxy cluster Abell 2744 (z = 0.308) as observed by the Hubble Frontier Fields program. Since this cluster is ~5 times more massive than Coma, our observations allow us to extend 0.7 dex beyond the high-mass end of the relationship between UDG abundance and cluster mass reported by van der Burg et al. Using the same selection criteria as van der Burg et al., A2744 hosts an estimated 1961 ± 577 UDGs, 10 times the number in Coma. As noted by Lee & Jang, A2744 contains ...


On The Redshift Distribution And Physical Properties Of Act-Selected Dsfgs, T. Su, T. A. Marriage, V. Asboth, A. J. Baker, J. R. Bond, D. Crichton, M. J. Devlin, R. Dünner, D. Farrah, D. T. Frayer, M. B. Gralla, K. Hall, M. Halpern, A. I. Harris, M. Hilton, A. D. Hincks, J. P. Hughes, M. D. Niemack, L. A. Page, B. Partridge, J. Rivera, D. Scott, J. L. Sievers, Robert J. Thornton, M. P. Viero, L. Wang, E. J. Wollack, M. Zemcov 2017 Johns Hopkins University

On The Redshift Distribution And Physical Properties Of Act-Selected Dsfgs, T. Su, T. A. Marriage, V. Asboth, A. J. Baker, J. R. Bond, D. Crichton, M. J. Devlin, R. Dünner, D. Farrah, D. T. Frayer, M. B. Gralla, K. Hall, M. Halpern, A. I. Harris, M. Hilton, A. D. Hincks, J. P. Hughes, M. D. Niemack, L. A. Page, B. Partridge, J. Rivera, D. Scott, J. L. Sievers, Robert J. Thornton, M. P. Viero, L. Wang, E. J. Wollack, M. Zemcov

Robert Thornton

No abstract provided.


Gama/H-Atlas : Common Star Formation Rate Indicators And Their Dependence On Galaxy Physical Parameters., L. Wang, P. Norberg, M. L. P. Gunawardhana, S. Heinis, I. K. Baldry, J. Bland-Hawthorn, N. Bourne, S. Brough, M. J. I. Brown, M. E. Cluver, A. Cooray, E. da Cunha, S. P. Driver, L. Dunne, S. Dye, S. Eales, M. W. Grootes, Benne W. Holwerda, A. M. Hopkins, E. Ibar, R. Ivison, C. Lacey, M. A. Lara-Lopez, J. Loveday, S. J. Maddox, M. J. Michalowski, I. Oteo, M. S. Owers, C. C. Popescu, D. J. B. Smith, E. N. Taylor, R. J. Tuffs, P. van der Werf 2017 Durham University

Gama/H-Atlas : Common Star Formation Rate Indicators And Their Dependence On Galaxy Physical Parameters., L. Wang, P. Norberg, M. L. P. Gunawardhana, S. Heinis, I. K. Baldry, J. Bland-Hawthorn, N. Bourne, S. Brough, M. J. I. Brown, M. E. Cluver, A. Cooray, E. Da Cunha, S. P. Driver, L. Dunne, S. Dye, S. Eales, M. W. Grootes, Benne W. Holwerda, A. M. Hopkins, E. Ibar, R. Ivison, C. Lacey, M. A. Lara-Lopez, J. Loveday, S. J. Maddox, M. J. Michalowski, I. Oteo, M. S. Owers, C. C. Popescu, D. J. B. Smith, E. N. Taylor, R. J. Tuffs, P. Van Der Werf

Benne Holwerda

We compare common star formation rate (SFR) indicators in the local Universe in the Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) equatorial fields (∼160 deg2), using ultraviolet (UV) photometry from GALEX, far-infrared and sub-millimetre (sub-mm) photometry from Herschel Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey, and Hα spectroscopy from the GAMA survey. With a high-quality sample of 745 galaxies (median redshift z = 0.08), we consider three SFR tracers: UV luminosity corrected for dust attenuation using the UV spectral slope β (SFRUV, corr), Hα line luminosity corrected for dust using the Balmer decrement (BD) (SFRH α, corr), and the combination of UV and infrared ...


The Sluggs Survey: Stellar Masses And Effective Radii Of Early-Type Galaxies From Spitzer Space Telescope 3.6 Μm Imaging, Duncan Forbes, Luciana Sinpetru, Giulia Savorgnan, Aaron Romanowsky, Christopher Usher, Jean Brodie 2017 Swinburne University of Technology

The Sluggs Survey: Stellar Masses And Effective Radii Of Early-Type Galaxies From Spitzer Space Telescope 3.6 Μm Imaging, Duncan Forbes, Luciana Sinpetru, Giulia Savorgnan, Aaron Romanowsky, Christopher Usher, Jean Brodie

Faculty Publications

Galaxy starlight at 3.6 μm is an excellent tracer of stellar mass. Here we use the latest 3.6 μm imaging from the Spitzer Space Telescope to measure the total stellar mass and effective radii in a homogeneous way for a sample of galaxies from the SAGES Legacy Unifying Globulars and GalaxieS (SLUGGS) survey. These galaxies are representative of nearby early-type galaxies in the stellar mass range of 10 < log M*/M⊙ < 11.7 and our methodology can be applied to other samples of early-type galaxies. We model each galaxy in 2D and estimate its total asymptotic magnitude from a 1D curve-of-growth. Magnitudes are converted into stellar masses using a 3.6 μm mass-to-light ratio from the latest stellar population models of Röck et al., assuming a Kroupa initial mass function. We apply a ratio based on each galaxy's mean mass-weighted stellar age within one effective radius (the mass-to-light ratio is insensitive to galaxy metallicity for the generally old stellar ages and high metallicities found in massive early-type galaxies). Our 3.6 μm stellar masses agree well with masses derived from 2.2 μm data. From the 1D surface brightness profile, we fit a single Sérsic law, excluding the very central regions. We measure the effective radius, Sérsic n parameter and effective surface brightness for each galaxy. We find that galaxy sizes derived from shallow optical imaging and the 2MASS survey tend to underestimate the true size of the largest, most massive galaxies in our sample. We adopt the 3.6 μm stellar masses and effective radii for the SLUGGS survey galaxies.


On The Redshift Distribution And Physical Properties Of Act-Selected Dsfgs, T. Su, T. A. Marriage, V. Asboth, A. J. Baker, J. R. Bond, D. Crichton, M. J. Devlin, R. Dünner, D. Farrah, D. T. Frayer, M. B. Gralla, K. Hall, M. Halpern, A. I. Harris, M. Hilton, A. D. Hincks, J. P. Hughes, M. D. Niemack, L. A. Page, B. Partridge, J. Rivera, D. Scott, J. L. Sievers, Robert J. Thornton, M. P. Viero, L. Wang, E. J. Wollack, M. Zemcov 2017 Johns Hopkins University

On The Redshift Distribution And Physical Properties Of Act-Selected Dsfgs, T. Su, T. A. Marriage, V. Asboth, A. J. Baker, J. R. Bond, D. Crichton, M. J. Devlin, R. Dünner, D. Farrah, D. T. Frayer, M. B. Gralla, K. Hall, M. Halpern, A. I. Harris, M. Hilton, A. D. Hincks, J. P. Hughes, M. D. Niemack, L. A. Page, B. Partridge, J. Rivera, D. Scott, J. L. Sievers, Robert J. Thornton, M. P. Viero, L. Wang, E. J. Wollack, M. Zemcov

Physics

No abstract provided.


The Sluggs Survey: Revisiting The Correlation Between X-Ray Luminosity And Total Mass Of Massive Early-Type Galaxies, Duncan Forbes, Adebusola Alabi, Aaron Romanowsky, Dong-Woo Kim, Jean Brodie, Giuseppina Fabbiano 2017 Swinburne University of Technology

The Sluggs Survey: Revisiting The Correlation Between X-Ray Luminosity And Total Mass Of Massive Early-Type Galaxies, Duncan Forbes, Adebusola Alabi, Aaron Romanowsky, Dong-Woo Kim, Jean Brodie, Giuseppina Fabbiano

Faculty Publications

Here we utilize recent measures of galaxy total dynamical mass and X-ray gas luminosities (LX,Gas) for a sample of 29 massive early-type galaxies from the SLUGGS survey to probe LX, Gas–mass scaling relations. In particular, we investigate scalings with stellar mass, dynamical mass within 5 effective radii (Re) and total virial mass. We also compare these relations with predictions from Λ cold dark matter simulations. We find a strong linear relationship between LX, Gas and galaxy dynamical mass within 5Re, which is consistent with the recent cosmological simulations of Choi et al. that incorporate mechanical heating from AGN ...


Quantum Foundations With Astronomical Photons, Calvin Leung 2017 Claremont Colleges

Quantum Foundations With Astronomical Photons, Calvin Leung

HMC Senior Theses

Bell's inequalities impose an upper limit on correlations between measurements of two-photon states under the assumption that the photons play by a set of local rules rather than by quantum mechanics. Quantum theory and decades of experiments both violate this limit.

Recent theoretical work in quantum foundations has demonstrated that a local realist model can explain the non-local correlations observed in experimental tests of Bell's inequality if the underlying probability distribution of the local hidden variable depends on the choice of measurement basis, or ``setting choice''. By using setting choices determined by astrophysical events in the distant past ...


The Sluggs Survey: A Catalog Of Over 4000 Globular Cluster Radial Velocities In 27 Nearby Early-Type Galaxies, Duncan Forbes, Adebusola Alabi, Jean Brodie, Aaron Romanowsky, Jay Strader, Caroline Foster, Christopher Usher, Lee Spitler, Sabine Bellstedt, Nicola Pastorello, Alexa Villaume, Asher Wasserman, Vincenzo Pota 2017 Swinburne University of Technology

The Sluggs Survey: A Catalog Of Over 4000 Globular Cluster Radial Velocities In 27 Nearby Early-Type Galaxies, Duncan Forbes, Adebusola Alabi, Jean Brodie, Aaron Romanowsky, Jay Strader, Caroline Foster, Christopher Usher, Lee Spitler, Sabine Bellstedt, Nicola Pastorello, Alexa Villaume, Asher Wasserman, Vincenzo Pota

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Constraining The Physical State Of The Hot Gas Halos In Ngc 4649 And Ngc 5846, Alessandro Paggi, Dong-Woo Kim, Craig Anderson, Doug Burke, Raffaele D'Abrusco, Giuseppina Fabbiano, Antonella Fruscione, Tara Gokas, Jen Lauer, Michael McCollough, Doug Morgan, Amy Mossman, Ewan O'Sullivan, Ginevra Trinchieri, Saeqa Vrtilek, Silvia Pellegrini, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie 2017 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Constraining The Physical State Of The Hot Gas Halos In Ngc 4649 And Ngc 5846, Alessandro Paggi, Dong-Woo Kim, Craig Anderson, Doug Burke, Raffaele D'Abrusco, Giuseppina Fabbiano, Antonella Fruscione, Tara Gokas, Jen Lauer, Michael Mccollough, Doug Morgan, Amy Mossman, Ewan O'Sullivan, Ginevra Trinchieri, Saeqa Vrtilek, Silvia Pellegrini, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie

Faculty Publications

We present results of a joint Chandra/XMM-Newton analysis of the early-type galaxies NGC 4649 and NGC 5846 aimed at investigating differences between mass profiles derived from X-ray data and those from optical data, to probe the state of the hot interstellar medium (ISM) in these galaxies. If the hot ISM is at a given radius in hydrostatic equilibrium (HE), the X-ray data can be used to measure the total enclosed mass of the galaxy. Differences from optically derived mass distributions therefore yield information about departures from HE in the hot halos. The X-ray mass profiles in different angular sectors ...


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