Evolution Of Cosmic Filaments And Of Their Galaxy Population From Mhd Cosmological Simulations., 2017 Swiss National Supercomputing Centre

#### Evolution Of Cosmic Filaments And Of Their Galaxy Population From Mhd Cosmological Simulations., C. Gheller, F. Vazza, M. Brüggen, M. Alpaslan, Benne W. Holwerda

*Benne Holwerda*

Despite containing about a half of the total matter in the Universe, at most wavelengths the filamentary structure of the cosmic web is difficult to observe. In this work, we use large unigrid cosmological simulations to investigate how the geometrical, thermodynamical and magnetic properties of cosmological filaments vary with mass and redshift (z ≤ 1). We find that the average temperature, length, volume and magnetic field of filaments scales well with their total mass. This reflects the role of self-gravity in shaping their properties and enables statistical predictions of their observational properties based on their mass. We also focus on the ...

Short-Period Mesospheric Gravity Waves And Their Sources At The South Pole, 2017 Merrimack College

#### Short-Period Mesospheric Gravity Waves And Their Sources At The South Pole, Dhvanit Mehta, Andrew J. Gerrard, Yusuke Ebihara, Allan T. Weatherwax, Louis J. Lanzerotti

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The sourcing locations and mechanisms for short-period, upward-propagating gravity waves at high polar latitudes remain largely unknown. Using all-sky imager data from the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station, we determine the spatial and temporal characteristics of 94 observed small-scale waves in 3 austral winter months in 2003 and 2004. These data, together with background atmospheres from synoptic and/or climatological empirical models, are used to model gravity wave propagation from the polar mesosphere to each wave's source using a ray-tracing model. Our results provide a compelling case that a significant proportion of the observed waves are launched in several ...

Elasticity Of Cylindrical Black Holes, 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

#### Elasticity Of Cylindrical Black Holes, Conrad Pearson

*Physics*

Black holes are regions of strong gravity, and are often regarded as behaving like drops of fluid. When this line of thought is applied to cylindrical black holes (black cylinders), a mapping can be made between known instabilities for black cylinders and ordinary fluid cylinders. However, this known correlation is increasingly less accurate for lower spatial dimensions, and I seek to correct this discrepancy in this thesis. By considering soft solids instead of pure fluids, elastic energy can be included, which brings us closer to a direct comparison. In improving this mapping, it becomes possible to better understand the behavior ...

Probing Dark Matter-Neutrino Connection Via Indirect Detection Experiments, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Probing Dark Matter-Neutrino Connection Via Indirect Detection Experiments, Bradley Knockel

*Physics & Astronomy ETDs*

Various evidence reveals that dark matter is a primary component of this universe. The amount of dark matter is known, but its identity is a mystery. To determine its properties, efforts to detect and produce dark matter are underway. Dark matter annihilations throughout the galaxy may produce photons, neutrinos, and cosmic rays. Neutrino and photon detectors may then indirectly detect dark matter by detecting these annihilation products. The annihilation rate, dark matter mass, and dark matter scattering rate off of matter affect the signals received at Earth. These signals can therefore probe the identity of dark matter, especially if dark ...

Rainich Conditions In (2+1)-Dimensional Gravity, 2016 Selected Works

#### Rainich Conditions In (2+1)-Dimensional Gravity, Dionisios Krongos, Charles G. Torre

*Charles G. Torre*

Rethinking The Polar Cap: Eccentric Dipole Structuring Of Ulf Power At The Highest Corrected Geomagnetic Latitudes, 2016 Merrimack College

#### Rethinking The Polar Cap: Eccentric Dipole Structuring Of Ulf Power At The Highest Corrected Geomagnetic Latitudes, Kevin D. Urban, Andrew J. Gerrard, Louis J. Lanzerotti, Allan T. Weatherwax

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The day-to-day evolution and statistical features of Pc3-Pc7 band ultralow frequency (ULF) power throughout the southern polar cap suggest that the corrected geomagnetic (CGM) coordinates do not adequately organize the observed hydromagnetic spatial structure. It is shown that that the local-time distribution of ULF power at sites along CGM latitudinal parallels exhibit fundamental differences and that the CGM latitude of a site in general is not indicative of the site's projection into the magnetosphere. Thus, ULF characteristics observed at a single site in the polar cap cannot be freely generalized to other sites of similar CGM latitude but separated ...

Introduction To Classical Field Theory, 2016 Department of Physics, Utah State University

#### Introduction To Classical Field Theory, Charles G. Torre

*All Complete Monographs*

This is an introduction to classical field theory. Topics treated include: Klein-Gordon field, electromagnetic field, scalar electrodynamics, Dirac field, Yang-Mills field, gravitational field, Noether theorems relating symmetries and conservation laws, spontaneous symmetry breaking, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms.

Black Holes Modeled As Fluid Droplets On Membranes, 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

#### Black Holes Modeled As Fluid Droplets On Membranes, Anthony Bardessono

*Physics*

No abstract provided.

Possible Evolution Of Supermassive Black Holes From Fri Quasars, 2016 California State University, Northridge

#### Possible Evolution Of Supermassive Black Holes From Fri Quasars, Matthew I. Kim, Damian J. Christian, David Garofalo, Jaclyn D'Avanzo

*Faculty Publications*

We explore the question of the rapid buildup of black hole mass in the early universe employing a growing black hole mass-based determination of both jet and disc powers predicted in recent theoretical work on black hole accretion and jet formation. Despite simplified, even artificial assumptions about accretion and mergers, we identify an interesting low probability channel for the growth of one billion solar mass black holes within hundreds of millions of years of the big bang without appealing to super Eddington accretion. This result is made more compelling by the recognition of a connection between this channel and an ...

Schwarzschild Spacetime And Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker Cosmology, 2016 University of Connecticut - Storrs

#### Schwarzschild Spacetime And Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker Cosmology, Zachary Cohen

*Honors Scholar Theses*

The advent of General Relativity via Einstein's field equations revolutionized our understanding of gravity in our solar system and universe. The idea of General Relativity posits that gravity is entirely due to the geometry of the universe -- that is, the mass distribution throughout the universe results in the ``curving" of spacetime, which gives us the physics we see on a large scale. In the framework of General Relativity, we find that the universe behaves differently than was predicted in the model of gravitation developed by Newton. We will derive the general relativistic model for a simple system near a ...

Better Together, 2016 DePaul University

#### Better Together

*DePaul Magazine*

Faculty have taken full advantage of the university's innovative intercollegiate grant program, and the resulting research is as interesting and diverse as the collaborators themselves. What is resulting is research on "Patient and Primary Care Provider Perspectives on Recreational and Therapeutic Cannabis Use Within a Changing Socioculltural and Political Context;" a new minor in climate change science and policy; a new class, Communication, Coding and Entrepreneurship; brain inflammation research; and the project "Cosmology Meets Continental Philosophy: Natural Laws and Why There Is Something Rather Than Nothing"

The Geometry Of Spacetime And Its Singular Nature, 2016 University of Connecticut

#### The Geometry Of Spacetime And Its Singular Nature, Filip Dul

*Honors Scholar Theses*

One hundred years ago, Albert Einstein revolutionized our understanding of gravity, and thus the large-scale structure of spacetime, by implementing differential geometry as the pri- mary medium of its description, thereby condensing the relationship between mass, energy and curvature of spacetime manifolds with the Einstein field equations (EFE), the primary compo- nent of his theory of General Relativity. In this paper, we use the language of Semi-Riemannian Geometry to examine the Schwarzschild and the Friedmann-Lemaˆıtre-Robertson-Walker met- rics, which represent some of the most well-known solutions to the EFE. Our investigation of these metrics will lead us to the problem of ...

Hawking Radiation Screening And Penrose Process Shielding In The Kerr Black Hole, 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

#### Hawking Radiation Screening And Penrose Process Shielding In The Kerr Black Hole, Eamon Mc Caughey

*Articles*

** **The radial motion of massive particles in the equatorial plane of aKerr black hole is considered. Screening of the Hawking radiation and shielding of the Penrose process are examined (both inside and outside the ergosphere) and their effect on the evaporation of the black hole is studied. In particular, the locus and width of a classically forbidden region and their dependence on the particle’s angular momentum and energy is analysed. Tunneling of particles between the boundaries of this region is considered and the transmission coefficient determined.

Evaluating The Efficacy Of Gravitational Wave Games In Arousing Interest And Promoting Understanding Of Gravitational Wave Research, 2016 Andrews University

#### Evaluating The Efficacy Of Gravitational Wave Games In Arousing Interest And Promoting Understanding Of Gravitational Wave Research, Jonathan Wheeler

*Posters, Presentations, and Papers*

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration’s Education and Public Outreach Group seeks to ameliorate the lack of public understanding of gravitational wave physics. I present the results of a set of pre-tests and post-tests from a public high school which measures Black Hole Pong’s effectiveness in teaching the concepts and benefits of gravitational wave astronomy. Results of this test can be used in the development of other outreach games, such as Black Hole Master and Chickens in Space.

The Differentialgeometry Package, 2016 Utah State University

#### The Differentialgeometry Package, Ian M. Anderson, Charles G. Torre

*Downloads*

This is the entire DifferentialGeometry package, a zip file (DifferentialGeometry.zip) containing (1) a Maple Library file, DifferentialGeometryUSU.mla, (2) a Maple help file DifferentialGeometry.help. This is the latest version of the DifferentialGeometry software; it supersedes what is released with Maple. It has been tested on Maple versions 17, 18, 2015.

Evidence Of Dispersion And Refraction Of A Spectrally Broad Gravity Wave Packet In The Mesopause Region Observed By The Na Lidar And Mesospheric Temperature Mapper Above Logan, Utah (In Press), 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

#### Evidence Of Dispersion And Refraction Of A Spectrally Broad Gravity Wave Packet In The Mesopause Region Observed By The Na Lidar And Mesospheric Temperature Mapper Above Logan, Utah (In Press), T. Yuan, C. Heale, J. Snively, X. Cai, P. Pautet, C. Fish, Y. Zhao, M. Taylor, W. Pendelton, V. Wickwar, N. Mitchell

*Jonathan B. Snively*

Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Lifshitz Spacetimes, 2016 Loyola University Chicago

#### Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Lifshitz Spacetimes, Robert Mcnees, Robert Mann

*Robert A McNees IV*

A variational formulation is given for a theory of gravity coupled to a massive vector in four dimensions, with Asymptotically Lifshitz boundary conditions on the fields. For theories with critical exponent z=2 we obtain a well-defined variational principle by explicitly constructing two actions with local boundary counterterms. As part of our analysis we obtain solutions of these theories on a neighborhood of spatial infinity, study the asymptotic symmetries, and consider different definitions of the boundary stress tensor and associated charges. A constraint on the boundary data for the fields figures prominently in one of our formulations, and in that ...

Black Holes In The Conical Ensemble, 2016 Loyola University Chicago

#### Black Holes In The Conical Ensemble, Robert Mcnees, Daniel Grumiller

*Robert A McNees IV*

We consider black holes in an “unsuitable box”: a finite cavity coupled to a thermal reservoir at a temperature different than the black hole’s Hawking temperature. These black holes are described by metrics that are continuous but not differentiable due to a conical singularity at the horizon. We include them in the Euclidean path integral sum over configurations, and analyze the effect this has on black hole thermodynamics in the canonical ensemble. Black holes with a small deficit (or surplus) angle may have a smaller internal energy or larger density of states than the nearby smooth black hole, but ...

Conventions, Definitions, Identities, And Other Useful Formulae, 2016 Loyola University Chicago

#### Conventions, Definitions, Identities, And Other Useful Formulae, Robert Mcnees

*Robert A McNees IV*

As the name suggests, these notes contain a summary of important conventions, definitions, identities, and various formulas that I often refer to. They may prove useful for researchers working in General Relativity, Supergravity, String Theory, Cosmology, and related areas.

Boundary Terms Unbound! Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Linear Dilaton Gravity, 2016 Loyola University Chicago

#### Boundary Terms Unbound! Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Linear Dilaton Gravity, Robert Mcnees, Robert Mann

*Robert A McNees IV*

A variational principle is constructed for gravity coupled to an asymptotically linear dilaton and a p-form field strength. This requires the introduction of appropriate surface terms—also known as 'boundary counterterms'—in the action. The variation of the action with respect to the boundary metric yields a boundary stress tensor, which is used to construct conserved charges that generate the asymptotic symmetries of the theory. In most cases a minimal set of assumptions leads to a unique set of counterterms. However, for certain examples we find families of actions that depend on one or more continuous parameters. We show that ...