Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Cosmology, Relativity, and Gravity Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

309 Full-Text Articles 434 Authors 23909 Downloads 44 Institutions

All Articles in Cosmology, Relativity, and Gravity

Faceted Search

309 full-text articles. Page 1 of 11.

Vacuum.Doc, Vildyan Yanbikov 2017 Yanbikov Vildyan Shavkyatovich

Vacuum.Doc, Vildyan Yanbikov

Vildyan Yanbikov

The calculated density of the physical vacuum. The high density of physical vacuum.              


Evolution Of Cosmic Filaments And Of Their Galaxy Population From Mhd Cosmological Simulations., C. Gheller, F. Vazza, M. Brüggen, M. Alpaslan, Benne W. Holwerda 2017 Swiss National Supercomputing Centre

Evolution Of Cosmic Filaments And Of Their Galaxy Population From Mhd Cosmological Simulations., C. Gheller, F. Vazza, M. Brüggen, M. Alpaslan, Benne W. Holwerda

Benne Holwerda

Despite containing about a half of the total matter in the Universe, at most wavelengths the filamentary structure of the cosmic web is difficult to observe. In this work, we use large unigrid cosmological simulations to investigate how the geometrical, thermodynamical and magnetic properties of cosmological filaments vary with mass and redshift (z ≤ 1). We find that the average temperature, length, volume and magnetic field of filaments scales well with their total mass. This reflects the role of self-gravity in shaping their properties and enables statistical predictions of their observational properties based on their mass. We also focus on the ...


Short-Period Mesospheric Gravity Waves And Their Sources At The South Pole, Dhvanit Mehta, Andrew J. Gerrard, Yusuke Ebihara, Allan T. Weatherwax, Louis J. Lanzerotti 2017 Merrimack College

Short-Period Mesospheric Gravity Waves And Their Sources At The South Pole, Dhvanit Mehta, Andrew J. Gerrard, Yusuke Ebihara, Allan T. Weatherwax, Louis J. Lanzerotti

Physics Faculty Publications

The sourcing locations and mechanisms for short-period, upward-propagating gravity waves at high polar latitudes remain largely unknown. Using all-sky imager data from the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station, we determine the spatial and temporal characteristics of 94 observed small-scale waves in 3 austral winter months in 2003 and 2004. These data, together with background atmospheres from synoptic and/or climatological empirical models, are used to model gravity wave propagation from the polar mesosphere to each wave's source using a ray-tracing model. Our results provide a compelling case that a significant proportion of the observed waves are launched in several ...


Elasticity Of Cylindrical Black Holes, Conrad Pearson 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Elasticity Of Cylindrical Black Holes, Conrad Pearson

Physics

Black holes are regions of strong gravity, and are often regarded as behaving like drops of fluid. When this line of thought is applied to cylindrical black holes (black cylinders), a mapping can be made between known instabilities for black cylinders and ordinary fluid cylinders. However, this known correlation is increasingly less accurate for lower spatial dimensions, and I seek to correct this discrepancy in this thesis. By considering soft solids instead of pure fluids, elastic energy can be included, which brings us closer to a direct comparison. In improving this mapping, it becomes possible to better understand the behavior ...


Probing Dark Matter-Neutrino Connection Via Indirect Detection Experiments, Bradley Knockel 2016 University of New Mexico

Probing Dark Matter-Neutrino Connection Via Indirect Detection Experiments, Bradley Knockel

Physics & Astronomy ETDs

Various evidence reveals that dark matter is a primary component of this universe. The amount of dark matter is known, but its identity is a mystery. To determine its properties, efforts to detect and produce dark matter are underway. Dark matter annihilations throughout the galaxy may produce photons, neutrinos, and cosmic rays. Neutrino and photon detectors may then indirectly detect dark matter by detecting these annihilation products. The annihilation rate, dark matter mass, and dark matter scattering rate off of matter affect the signals received at Earth. These signals can therefore probe the identity of dark matter, especially if dark ...


Rainich Conditions In (2+1)-Dimensional Gravity, Dionisios Krongos, Charles G. Torre 2016 Selected Works

Rainich Conditions In (2+1)-Dimensional Gravity, Dionisios Krongos, Charles G. Torre

Charles G. Torre

In (3 + 1) spacetime dimensions the Rainich conditions are a set of equations expressed solely in terms of the metric tensor which are equivalent to the Einstein-Maxwell equations for non-null electromagnetic fields. Here we provide the analogous conditions for (2 + 1)-dimensional gravity coupled to electromagnetism. Both the non-null and null cases are treated. The construction of these conditions is based upon reducing the problem to that of gravity coupled to a scalar field, which we have treated elsewhere. These conditions can be easily extended to other theories of (2 + 1)-dimensional gravity. For example, we apply the geometrization conditions ...


Rethinking The Polar Cap: Eccentric Dipole Structuring Of Ulf Power At The Highest Corrected Geomagnetic Latitudes, Kevin D. Urban, Andrew J. Gerrard, Louis J. Lanzerotti, Allan T. Weatherwax 2016 Merrimack College

Rethinking The Polar Cap: Eccentric Dipole Structuring Of Ulf Power At The Highest Corrected Geomagnetic Latitudes, Kevin D. Urban, Andrew J. Gerrard, Louis J. Lanzerotti, Allan T. Weatherwax

Physics Faculty Publications

The day-to-day evolution and statistical features of Pc3-Pc7 band ultralow frequency (ULF) power throughout the southern polar cap suggest that the corrected geomagnetic (CGM) coordinates do not adequately organize the observed hydromagnetic spatial structure. It is shown that that the local-time distribution of ULF power at sites along CGM latitudinal parallels exhibit fundamental differences and that the CGM latitude of a site in general is not indicative of the site's projection into the magnetosphere. Thus, ULF characteristics observed at a single site in the polar cap cannot be freely generalized to other sites of similar CGM latitude but separated ...


Introduction To Classical Field Theory, Charles G. Torre 2016 Department of Physics, Utah State University

Introduction To Classical Field Theory, Charles G. Torre

All Complete Monographs

This is an introduction to classical field theory. Topics treated include: Klein-Gordon field, electromagnetic field, scalar electrodynamics, Dirac field, Yang-Mills field, gravitational field, Noether theorems relating symmetries and conservation laws, spontaneous symmetry breaking, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms.


Black Holes Modeled As Fluid Droplets On Membranes, Anthony Bardessono 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Black Holes Modeled As Fluid Droplets On Membranes, Anthony Bardessono

Physics

No abstract provided.


Possible Evolution Of Supermassive Black Holes From Fri Quasars, Matthew I. Kim, Damian J. Christian, David Garofalo, Jaclyn D'Avanzo 2016 California State University, Northridge

Possible Evolution Of Supermassive Black Holes From Fri Quasars, Matthew I. Kim, Damian J. Christian, David Garofalo, Jaclyn D'Avanzo

Faculty Publications

We explore the question of the rapid buildup of black hole mass in the early universe employing a growing black hole mass-based determination of both jet and disc powers predicted in recent theoretical work on black hole accretion and jet formation. Despite simplified, even artificial assumptions about accretion and mergers, we identify an interesting low probability channel for the growth of one billion solar mass black holes within hundreds of millions of years of the big bang without appealing to super Eddington accretion. This result is made more compelling by the recognition of a connection between this channel and an ...


Topics In The Detection Of Gravitational Waves From Compact Binary Inspirals, Shasvath Jagat Kapadia 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Topics In The Detection Of Gravitational Waves From Compact Binary Inspirals, Shasvath Jagat Kapadia

Theses and Dissertations

Orbiting compact binaries - such as binary black holes, binary neutron stars and neutron star-black hole binaries - are among the most promising sources of gravitational waves observable by ground-based interferometric detectors. Despite numerous sophisticated engineering techniques, the gravitational wave signals will be buried deep within noise generated by various instrumental and environmental processes, and need to be extracted via a signal processing technique referred to as matched filtering.

Matched filtering requires large banks of signal templates that are faithful representations of the true gravitational waveforms produced by astrophysical binaries. The accurate and efficient production of templates is thus crucial to the ...


Schwarzschild Spacetime And Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker Cosmology, Zachary Cohen 2016 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Schwarzschild Spacetime And Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker Cosmology, Zachary Cohen

Honors Scholar Theses

The advent of General Relativity via Einstein's field equations revolutionized our understanding of gravity in our solar system and universe. The idea of General Relativity posits that gravity is entirely due to the geometry of the universe -- that is, the mass distribution throughout the universe results in the ``curving" of spacetime, which gives us the physics we see on a large scale. In the framework of General Relativity, we find that the universe behaves differently than was predicted in the model of gravitation developed by Newton. We will derive the general relativistic model for a simple system near a ...


Better Together, 2016 DePaul University

Better Together

DePaul Magazine

Faculty have taken full advantage of the university's innovative intercollegiate grant program, and the resulting research is as interesting and diverse as the collaborators themselves. What is resulting is research on "Patient and Primary Care Provider Perspectives on Recreational and Therapeutic Cannabis Use Within a Changing Socioculltural and Political Context;" a new minor in climate change science and policy; a new class, Communication, Coding and Entrepreneurship; brain inflammation research; and the project "Cosmology Meets Continental Philosophy: Natural Laws and Why There Is Something Rather Than Nothing"


The Geometry Of Spacetime And Its Singular Nature, Filip Dul 2016 University of Connecticut

The Geometry Of Spacetime And Its Singular Nature, Filip Dul

Honors Scholar Theses

One hundred years ago, Albert Einstein revolutionized our understanding of gravity, and thus the large-scale structure of spacetime, by implementing differential geometry as the pri- mary medium of its description, thereby condensing the relationship between mass, energy and curvature of spacetime manifolds with the Einstein field equations (EFE), the primary compo- nent of his theory of General Relativity. In this paper, we use the language of Semi-Riemannian Geometry to examine the Schwarzschild and the Friedmann-Lemaˆıtre-Robertson-Walker met- rics, which represent some of the most well-known solutions to the EFE. Our investigation of these metrics will lead us to the problem of ...


Hawking Radiation Screening And Penrose Process Shielding In The Kerr Black Hole, Eamon Mc Caughey 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Hawking Radiation Screening And Penrose Process Shielding In The Kerr Black Hole, Eamon Mc Caughey

Articles

The radial motion of massive particles in the equatorial plane of aKerr black hole is considered. Screening of the Hawking radiation and shielding of the Penrose process are examined (both inside and outside the ergosphere) and their effect on the evaporation of the black hole is studied. In particular, the locus and width of a classically forbidden region and their dependence on the particle’s angular momentum and energy is analysed. Tunneling of particles between the boundaries of this region is considered and the transmission coefficient determined.


Evaluating The Efficacy Of Gravitational Wave Games In Arousing Interest And Promoting Understanding Of Gravitational Wave Research, Jonathan Wheeler 2016 Andrews University

Evaluating The Efficacy Of Gravitational Wave Games In Arousing Interest And Promoting Understanding Of Gravitational Wave Research, Jonathan Wheeler

Posters, Presentations, and Papers

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration’s Education and Public Outreach Group seeks to ameliorate the lack of public understanding of gravitational wave physics. I present the results of a set of pre-tests and post-tests from a public high school which measures Black Hole Pong’s effectiveness in teaching the concepts and benefits of gravitational wave astronomy. Results of this test can be used in the development of other outreach games, such as Black Hole Master and Chickens in Space.


The Differentialgeometry Package, Ian M. Anderson, Charles G. Torre 2016 Utah State University

The Differentialgeometry Package, Ian M. Anderson, Charles G. Torre

Downloads

This is the entire DifferentialGeometry package, a zip file (DifferentialGeometry.zip) containing (1) a Maple Library file, DifferentialGeometryUSU.mla, (2) a Maple help file DifferentialGeometry.help. This is the latest version of the DifferentialGeometry software; it supersedes what is released with Maple. It has been tested on Maple versions 17, 18, 2015.

Installation instructions


Evidence Of Dispersion And Refraction Of A Spectrally Broad Gravity Wave Packet In The Mesopause Region Observed By The Na Lidar And Mesospheric Temperature Mapper Above Logan, Utah (In Press), T. Yuan, C. Heale, J. Snively, X. Cai, P. Pautet, C. Fish, Y. Zhao, M. Taylor, W. Pendelton, V. Wickwar, N. Mitchell 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Evidence Of Dispersion And Refraction Of A Spectrally Broad Gravity Wave Packet In The Mesopause Region Observed By The Na Lidar And Mesospheric Temperature Mapper Above Logan, Utah (In Press), T. Yuan, C. Heale, J. Snively, X. Cai, P. Pautet, C. Fish, Y. Zhao, M. Taylor, W. Pendelton, V. Wickwar, N. Mitchell

Jonathan B. Snively

"Gravity wave packets excited by a source of finite duration and size possess a broad frequency and wave number spectrum and thus span a range of temporal and spatial scales. Observing at a single location relatively close to the source, the wave components with higher frequency and larger vertical wavelength dominate at earlier times and at higher altitudes, while the lower frequency components, with shorter vertical wavelength, dominate during the latter part of the propagation. Utilizing observations from the Na lidar at Utah State University and the nearby Mesospheric Temperature Mapper at Bear Lake Observatory (41.9°N, 111.4 ...


Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Lifshitz Spacetimes, Robert McNees, Robert Mann 2016 Loyola University Chicago

Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Lifshitz Spacetimes, Robert Mcnees, Robert Mann

Robert A McNees IV

A variational formulation is given for a theory of gravity coupled to a massive vector in four dimensions, with Asymptotically Lifshitz boundary conditions on the fields. For theories with critical exponent z=2 we obtain a well-defined variational principle by explicitly constructing two actions with local boundary counterterms. As part of our analysis we obtain solutions of these theories on a neighborhood of spatial infinity, study the asymptotic symmetries, and consider different definitions of the boundary stress tensor and associated charges. A constraint on the boundary data for the fields figures prominently in one of our formulations, and in that ...


Black Holes In The Conical Ensemble, Robert McNees, Daniel Grumiller 2016 Loyola University Chicago

Black Holes In The Conical Ensemble, Robert Mcnees, Daniel Grumiller

Robert A McNees IV

We consider black holes in an “unsuitable box”: a finite cavity coupled to a thermal reservoir at a temperature different than the black hole’s Hawking temperature. These black holes are described by metrics that are continuous but not differentiable due to a conical singularity at the horizon. We include them in the Euclidean path integral sum over configurations, and analyze the effect this has on black hole thermodynamics in the canonical ensemble. Black holes with a small deficit (or surplus) angle may have a smaller internal energy or larger density of states than the nearby smooth black hole, but ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress