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6,250 full-text articles. Page 5 of 189.

Circumbinary Discs Around Merging Stellar-Mass Black Holes, Rebecca G. Martin, Chris Nixon, Fu-Guo Xie, Andrew King 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Circumbinary Discs Around Merging Stellar-Mass Black Holes, Rebecca G. Martin, Chris Nixon, Fu-Guo Xie, Andrew King

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

A circumbinary disc around a pair of merging stellar-mass black holes may be shocked and heated during the recoil of the merged hole, causing a near-simultaneous electromagnetic counterpart to the gravitational wave event. The shocks occur around the recoil radius, where the disc orbital velocity is equal to the recoil velocity. The amount of mass present near this radius at the time of the merger is critical in determining how much radiation is released. We explore the evolution of a circumbinary disc in two limits. First, we consider an accretion disc that feels no torque from the binary. The disc ...


Characteristics Of Two-Episode Emission Patterns In Fermi Long Gamma-Ray Bursts, Lin Lan, Hou-Jun Lü, Shu-Qing Zhong, Hai-Ming Zhang, Jared Rice, Ji-Gui Cheng, Shen-Shi Du, Long Li, Jie Lin, Rui-Jing Lu, En-Wei Liang 2018 Guangxi University

Characteristics Of Two-Episode Emission Patterns In Fermi Long Gamma-Ray Bursts, Lin Lan, Hou-Jun Lü, Shu-Qing Zhong, Hai-Ming Zhang, Jared Rice, Ji-Gui Cheng, Shen-Shi Du, Long Li, Jie Lin, Rui-Jing Lu, En-Wei Liang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

Two-episode emission components separated by quiescent gaps in the prompt emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) have been observed in the Swift era, but there is a lack of spectral information due to the narrow energy band of the Swift/Burst Alert Telescope. In this paper, a systematic analysis of the spectral and temporal properties of the prompt emission of 101 Fermi/Gamma-ray Burst Monitor detected long GRBs show the existence of two-episode emission components in the light curves, with quiescent times of up to hundreds of seconds. We focus on investigating the differences of those two emission episodes. We find ...


Polarized Bow Shock Nebulae Reveal Features Of The Winds And Environments Of Massive Stars, Manisha Shrestha 2018 University of Denver

Polarized Bow Shock Nebulae Reveal Features Of The Winds And Environments Of Massive Stars, Manisha Shrestha

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Massive stars strongly affect their surroundings through their energetic stellar winds during their lifetime and through their energetic deaths as supernovae. When a stellar wind interacts with the local interstellar medium (ISM), if the relative velocity between wind and ISM is supersonic, then a stellar wind bow shock is formed. Bow shocks and related density enhancements produced by the winds of massive stars moving through the interstellar medium provide important information regarding the motions of the stars, the properties of their stellar winds, and the characteristics of the local medium. Since bow shock nebulae are aspherical structures, light scattering within ...


High Dynamic Range Optical Devices And Applications., Elijah Robert Jensen 2018 University of Louisville

High Dynamic Range Optical Devices And Applications., Elijah Robert Jensen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Much of what we know about fundamental physical law and the universe derives from observations and measurements using optical methods. The passive use of the electromagnetic spectrum can be the best way of studying physical phenomenon in general with minimal disturbance of the system in the process. While for many applications ambient visible light is sufficient, light outside of the visible range may convey more information. The signals of interest are also often a small fraction of the background, and their changes occur on time scales so quickly that they are visually imperceptible. This thesis reports techniques and technologies developed ...


Rossby Vortices In Thin Magnetized Accretion Discs, L. Matilsky, Sergei Dyda, R. V. E. Lovelace, P. S. Lii 2018 Cornell University

Rossby Vortices In Thin Magnetized Accretion Discs, L. Matilsky, Sergei Dyda, R. V. E. Lovelace, P. S. Lii

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

We study the Rossby wave instability (RWI) in a thin accretion disc threaded by an initially toroidal magnetic field using the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) code PLUTO... See full text for full abstract.


Erratum: The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam Stevens, Jean Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard McDermid, Adebusola Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya 2018 Swinburne University of Technology

Erratum: The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam Stevens, Jean Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard Mcdermid, Adebusola Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya

Faculty Publications

This is an erratum to the paper “The SLUGGS Survey: A comparison of total-mass profiles of early-type galaxies from observations and cosmological simulations, to ∼4 effective radii” that was published in 2018, MNRAS, 476, 4543, which we refer to as the original paper.


First Measurement Of Ξ− Polarization In Photoproduction, J. Bono, L. Guo, K. P. Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, G. Charles, G. Gavalian, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao 2018 Old Dominion University

First Measurement Of Ξ− Polarization In Photoproduction, J. Bono, L. Guo, K. P. Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, G. Charles, G. Gavalian, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

Despite decades of studies of the photoproduction of hyperons, both their production mechanisms and their spectra of excited states are still largely unknown. While the parity-violating weak decay of hyperons offers a means of measuring their polarization, which could help discern their production mechanisms and identify their excitation spectra, no such study has been possible for doubly strange baryons in photoproduction, due to low production cross sections. However, by making use of the reaction γ p → K+K+Ξ−, we have measured, for the first time, the induced polarization, P, and the transferred polarization from circularly polarized real photons, characterized ...


Strong Evidence For The Density-Wave Theory Of Spiral Structure From A Multi-Wavelength Study Of Disk Galaxies, Hamed Pour-Imani 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strong Evidence For The Density-Wave Theory Of Spiral Structure From A Multi-Wavelength Study Of Disk Galaxies, Hamed Pour-Imani

Theses and Dissertations

The density-wave theory of spiral structure, though first proposed as long ago as the mid-1960s by C.C. Lin and F. Shu (Lin & Shu, 1964; Bertin & Lin, 1996; Shu, 2016), continues to be challenged by rival theories, such as the manifold theory. One test of these theories which has been proposed is that the pitch angle of spiral arms for galaxies should vary with the wavelength of the image in the density-wave theory, but not in the manifold theory. The reason is that stars are born in the density wave but move out of it as they age. In this dissertation, I combined large ...


Erratum: The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam R H Stevens, Jean P. Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard McDermid, Adebusola B. Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya 2018 Swinburne University of Technology

Erratum: The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam R H Stevens, Jean P. Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard Mcdermid, Adebusola B. Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya

Aaron J. Romanowsky

This is an erratum to the paper “The SLUGGS Survey: A comparison of total-mass profiles of early-type galaxies from observations and cosmological simulations, to ∼4 effective radii” that was published in 2018, MNRAS, 476, 4543, which we refer to as the original paper.


Collisional Quenching Of Highly Excited H2 Due To H2 Collisions, Yier Wan, B. H. Yang, P. C. Stancil, Balakrishnan Naduvalath, Nikhil J. Parekh, R. C. Forrey 2018 The University of Georgia

Collisional Quenching Of Highly Excited H2 Due To H2 Collisions, Yier Wan, B. H. Yang, P. C. Stancil, Balakrishnan Naduvalath, Nikhil J. Parekh, R. C. Forrey

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Rate coefficients for pure rotational quenching in H2(ν 1 = 0, j 1) + H2(ν 2 = 0, j 2) collisions from initial levels of j 1 = 2–31 (j 2 = 0 or 1) to all lower rotational levels are presented. We carried out extensive quantum mechanical close-coupling calculations based on a recently published H2–H2 potential energy surface (PES) developed by Patkowski et al. that has been demonstrated to be more reliable than previous work. Rotational transition cross sections with initial levels of j 1 = 2–14, 18, 19, 24, and 25 were computed for energies ranging from 10−6 ...


Gamma-Ray Burst/Supernova Associations: Energy Partition And The Case Of A Magnetar Central Engine, Hon-Jun Lü, Lin Lan, Bing Zhang, En-Wei Liang, David Alexander Kann, Shen-Shi Du, Jun Shen 2018 Guangxi University

Gamma-Ray Burst/Supernova Associations: Energy Partition And The Case Of A Magnetar Central Engine, Hon-Jun Lü, Lin Lan, Bing Zhang, En-Wei Liang, David Alexander Kann, Shen-Shi Du, Jun Shen

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

The favored progenitor model for Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs) with Supernova (SN) association is the core collapse of massive stars. One possible outcome of such a collapse is a rapidly spinning, strongly magnetized neutron star ("magnetar"). We systematically analyze the multi-wavelength data of GRB/SN associations detected by several instruments before 2017 June. Twenty GRB/SN systems have been confirmed via direct spectroscopic evidence or a clear light curve bump, as well as some spectroscopic evidence resembling a GRB-SN. We derive/collect the basic physical parameters of the GRBs and the SNe, and look for correlations among these parameters. We find ...


Systematic Mischaracterization Of Exoplanetary System Dynamical Histories From A Model Degeneracy Near Mean-Motion Resonance, John H. Boisvert, Benjamin E. Nelson, Jason H. Steffen 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Systematic Mischaracterization Of Exoplanetary System Dynamical Histories From A Model Degeneracy Near Mean-Motion Resonance, John H. Boisvert, Benjamin E. Nelson, Jason H. Steffen

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

There is a degeneracy in the radial velocity exoplanet signal between a single planet on an eccentric orbit and a two-planet system with a period ratio of 2:1. This degeneracy could lead to misunderstandings of the dynamical histories of planetary systems as well as measurements of planetary abundances if the correct architecture is not established. We constrain the rate of mischaracterization by analysing a sample of 60 non-transiting, radial velocity systems orbiting main-sequence stars from the NASA Exoplanet Archive (NASA Archive) using a new Bayesian model comparison pipeline. We find that 15 systems (25 per cent of our sample ...


The Proposed Origin Of Our Solar System With Planet Migration, Wayne R. Spencer 2018 Cedarville University

The Proposed Origin Of Our Solar System With Planet Migration, Wayne R. Spencer

The Proceedings of the International Conference on Creationism

Two new models to explain the origin and history of our solar system are reviewed from a creation perspective, the Grand Tack model and the Nice model. These new theories propose that the four outer planets formed closer to the Sun, as well as closer together, than today. Then their orbits underwent periods of migration. Theories developed in the research on extrasolar planet systems are today being applied to our own solar system. The new migration models are finding much support from the planetary science community. These new models are summarized and evaluated Biblically and scientifically. Rather than demonstrating how ...


Consistent Young Earth Relativistic Cosmology, Phillip W. Dennis 2018 Unaffiliated

Consistent Young Earth Relativistic Cosmology, Phillip W. Dennis

The Proceedings of the International Conference on Creationism

We present a young earth creationist (YEC) model of creation that is consistent with distant light from distant objects in the cosmos. We discuss the reality of time from theological/philosophical foundations. This results in the rejection of the idealist viewpoint of relativity and the recognition of the reality of the flow of time and the existence of a single cosmological “now.” We begin the construction of the YEC cosmology with an examination of the “chronological enigmas” of the inhomogeneous solutions of the Einstein field equations (EFE) of General Relativity (GR). For this analysis we construct an inhomogeneous model by ...


The Current State Of Creation Astronomy Ii, Danny R. Faulkner 2018 Answers in Genesis

The Current State Of Creation Astronomy Ii, Danny R. Faulkner

The Proceedings of the International Conference on Creationism

It has been nearly twenty years since the previous review of the state of creation astronomy. Since then, much progress has occurred in developing a creation model of astronomy, and some of the recommendations of that earlier review have been carried out. Both the number of papers on astronomical topics published in the creation literature and their depth of coverage have increased tremendously. There has been less concern with criticism of evolutionary ideas as creationists have begun to develop their own models of astronomy. While emphasis on indicators of recent origin is not as great as it used to be ...


Finite Element Analysis Of Large Body Deformation Induced By A Catastrophic Near Impact Event, Denver W. Seely, Andrew Bowman, Heechen Cho, Mark Horstemeyer 2018 Mississippi State University

Finite Element Analysis Of Large Body Deformation Induced By A Catastrophic Near Impact Event, Denver W. Seely, Andrew Bowman, Heechen Cho, Mark Horstemeyer

The Proceedings of the International Conference on Creationism

Finite element simulations of near impacts of terrestrial bodies are presented to investigate possible deformation behavior induced by a massive body during the creation week and/or Genesis Flood. Using the universal law of gravitation, a gravitationally loaded objected is subjected to the ‘pull’ of a near passing fly-by object, and the resulting surface deformations are studied. An Internal State Variable (ISV) pressure dependent plasticity model for silicate rocks (Cho et al., 2018) is used to model the deformation behavior and to capture the history effects involved during the complex surface loading/unloading found in a near impact event. The ...


Impact Melt Emplacement On Mercury, Jeffrey Daniels 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Impact Melt Emplacement On Mercury, Jeffrey Daniels

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Impact cratering is an abrupt, spectacular process that occurs on any world with a solid surface. On Earth, these craters are easily eroded or destroyed through endogenic processes. The Moon and Mercury, however, lack a significant atmosphere, meaning craters on these worlds remain intact longer, geologically. In this thesis, remote-sensing techniques were used to investigate impact melt emplacement about Mercury’s fresh, complex craters. For complex lunar craters, impact melt is preferentially ejected from the lowest rim elevation, implying topographic control. On Venus, impact melt is preferentially ejected downrange from the impact site, implying impactor-direction control. Mercury, despite its heavily-cratered ...


Dust–Gas Scaling Relations And Oh Abundance In The Galactic Ism, Hiep Nguyen, J. R. Dawson, M. -A. Miville-Deschênes, Ningyu Tang, Di Li, Carl Heiles, Claire E. Murray, Snežana Stanimirović, Steven J. Gibson, N. M. McClure-Griffiths, Thomas Troland, L. Bronfman, R. Finger 2018 Macquarie University, Australia

Dust–Gas Scaling Relations And Oh Abundance In The Galactic Ism, Hiep Nguyen, J. R. Dawson, M. -A. Miville-Deschênes, Ningyu Tang, Di Li, Carl Heiles, Claire E. Murray, Snežana Stanimirović, Steven J. Gibson, N. M. Mcclure-Griffiths, Thomas Troland, L. Bronfman, R. Finger

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Observations of interstellar dust are often used as a proxy for total gas column density NH. By comparing Planck thermal dust data (Release 1.2) and new dust reddening maps from Pan-STARRS 1 and 2MASS, with accurate (opacity-corrected) H I column densities and newly published OH data from the Arecibo Millennium survey and 21-SPONGE, we confirm linear correlations between dust optical depth τ353, reddening E(BV), and the total proton column density NH in the range (1–30) × 1020 cm−2, along sightlines with no molecular gas detections in emission. We derive an NH ...


Bayesian Hierarchical Modelling Of Initial-Final Mass Relations Across Star Clusters, Shijing Si, David A. van Dyk, Ted von Hippel, Elliot Robinson, Elizabeth Jeffery, David C. Stenning 2018 Imperial College London

Bayesian Hierarchical Modelling Of Initial-Final Mass Relations Across Star Clusters, Shijing Si, David A. Van Dyk, Ted Von Hippel, Elliot Robinson, Elizabeth Jeffery, David C. Stenning

Publications

The initial-final mass relation (IFMR) of white dwarfs (WDs) plays an important role in stellar evolution. To derive precise estimates of IFMRs and explore how they may vary among star clusters, we propose a Bayesian hierarchical model that pools photometric data from multiple star clusters. After performing a simulation study to show the benefits of the Bayesian hierarchical model, we apply this model to five star clusters: the Hyades, M67, NGC 188, NGC 2168, and NGC 2477, leading to reasonable and consistent estimates of IFMRs for these clusters. We illustrate how a cluster-specific analysis of NGC 188 using its own ...


Radon Measurement For Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Xavier Carlos Quintana 2018 University of New Mexico

Radon Measurement For Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Xavier Carlos Quintana

Physics & Astronomy ETDs

This thesis details the design and operation of a high-sensitivity radon detector for use in background radiation characterization and mitigation for the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiment and Large Enriched Germanium Experiment for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay (LEGEND) Collaboration. Understanding and mitigating background radiation is especially important in searches for very rare nuclear processes, which utilize sensitive detectors. One such rare process is the yet-to-be-observed neutrinoless double beta decay. Observation of this process would imply that the neutrino is its own antiparticle, called a Majorana particle, violate lepton number, and provide experimental constraints on the masses and mixing ...


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