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Dentin Remineralization Around Ceramir Restoration, Lujain S. Alhuwayrini 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Dentin Remineralization Around Ceramir Restoration, Lujain S. Alhuwayrini

Dental Theses

AIM:

To determine the efficacy of Ceramir, a modified glass ionomer cement and a surfactant mono-n-dodecyl phosphate in remineralization of dentin around root caries restorations.

MATERIALS & METHODS:

45 permanent intact teeth were embedded in self-cured dental acrylic resin to expose buccal or lingual surfaces. The buccal/lingual surfaces were wet ground with carbide paper, final polishing were accomplished with aluminum to obtain highly polished dentin surface. Baseline Knoop micro hardness values were recorded. All specimens were then etched using 37% phosphoric acid for 5 seconds to demineralize dentin and to expose dentin collagen. The Knoop indenter micro hardness measurements were ...


Get In The Zone: A Survey Of Dental Professionals' Knowledge Of Ozone Therapy, Emily Hannah 2016 Western Kentucky University

Get In The Zone: A Survey Of Dental Professionals' Knowledge Of Ozone Therapy, Emily Hannah

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Ozone therapy has been used in medicine for many years to treat a variety of ailments. Ozone is an unstable triatomic molecule made up of three oxygen atoms. This molecule has the ability to kill bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses. The researcher first was curious if there has been research done on uses of Ozone Therapy in the dental setting. After reviewing the literature there is indeed a use for Ozone Therapy to treat a host of dental problems including periodontal disease, ulcers, and carious lesions (also known as cavities). However, there are conflicting conclusions in the literature as to ...


Mechanical Properties Of Copper-Nickel-Titanium Archwires, Margaret Amelia Rosen 2016 Marquette University

Mechanical Properties Of Copper-Nickel-Titanium Archwires, Margaret Amelia Rosen

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: The initial phase of orthodontic therapy relies on flexible wires, usually composed of a nickel-titanium alloy, to apply a substantially constant load during tooth movement. Copper has been added to nickel-titanium archwires, resulting in an alloy with potential clinical advantages such as a lower stress hysteresis. Many orthodontic companies claim that their copper-nickel-titanium manufacturing process allows for the production of more consistent transition temperatures in the wires, allowing the orthodontist to customize treatment to various patients based on the force level needed. There are currently many manufacturers of these wires, creating a wide range of copper-nickel-titanium archwires from which ...


Investigation On The Physical Properties Of Denture Base Resin Filled With Nano-Barium Titanate.Pdf, Nidal Elshereksi 2016 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Investigation On The Physical Properties Of Denture Base Resin Filled With Nano-Barium Titanate.Pdf, Nidal Elshereksi

Nidal Elshereksi

Background: Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) is the material of choice for denture
base construction because of its many good qualities. However, PMMA suffers from
polymerization shrinkage and low strength, and its slow water absorption causes serious
warpage and dimensional change in the material. Objective: This study aimed to
evaluate the effect of nano-barium titanate (NBT) inclusion on the water absorption,
polymerization shrinkage, and surface hardness of PMMA denture base. Results: The
PMMA composites showed lower water absorption and polymerization shrinkage than
pure PMMA. The density of the PMMA composites was increased by 5%, and a
marked improvement in surface hardness ...


Evaluation Of Die Trim Morphology Made By Cad/Cam Technology, Pratiksha Agrawal 2016 Marquette University

Evaluation Of Die Trim Morphology Made By Cad/Cam Technology, Pratiksha Agrawal

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Purpose: The purpose of this vitro study was to evaluate the accuracy of the morphology of digitally trimmed dies in comparison with the subgingival contour of a prepared tooth to be restored with a single crown. Materials and Methods: 20 human extracted teeth, 10 incisors and 10 molars were disinfected, mounted on dentoforms. The teeth were prepared for a single all ceramic restoration. Digital impressions of the preparations were made using the 3M Lava COS. With the data, the SLA models were fabricated with removable dies. The prepared tooth and the corresponding dies were then compared with the Rhino software ...


Mitigating Distortion Of Light-Polymerized Composite Trial Bases, Jon Patrick Irelan 2016 Marquette University

Mitigating Distortion Of Light-Polymerized Composite Trial Bases, Jon Patrick Irelan

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Triad Visible Light Cure (VLC) Denture Base Material, a light-polymerizing resin material, is commonly used by clinicians to make trial bases during the fabrication of dentures and in planning the prosthetic and surgical rehabilitation of edentulous patients. A well-known drawback to this material, however, is its tendency to distort during the light-polymerization process. This distortion tends to occur most often towards the posterior aspect of the palate, and can negatively impact the bases ability to be retained through suction to the edentulous arch. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether an experimental polymerization protocol can mitigate distortion during ...


Analysis Of Stresses In Mandible And Skull Under Angular Impact, Dr. Shobha E S, Dr. Suresh Nagesh, Dr. H Raghuveer, Mr. Vinay S 2015 Selected Works

Analysis Of Stresses In Mandible And Skull Under Angular Impact, Dr. Shobha E S, Dr. Suresh Nagesh, Dr. H Raghuveer, Mr. Vinay S

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Finite element analysis has gained a significant attention in the field of biomechanics. The versatility of finite element analysis is the major reason behind its implementation and adoption has made the study of biomechanics much easier and simpler. FEA, as a tool has helped in analyzing the various organs in human body in different loading conditions. Be it Orthopedic,Maxillofacial fractures,Orthodontics, Prosthodontics, hemodynamics, it is finding its applications in all areas of biomechanics. In this paper, one such study has been carried out to understand the behavior of skull and mandible under inclined impacts. Skull is one of the ...


An In Vitro Evaluation Of Commercially Available Disposable Prophylaxis Angles, Caren Barnes, Lisa Fleming, Carl Russell 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center

An In Vitro Evaluation Of Commercially Available Disposable Prophylaxis Angles, Caren Barnes, Lisa Fleming, Carl Russell

Caren M Barnes

Although a number of manufacturers are marketing disposable prophylaxis angles, no literature exists regarding the mechanical efficacy and efficiency of these products. It was the purpose of this in vitro evaluation to compare and evaluate five brands of commercially available disposable prophylaxis angles for vibration, noise, heat rise, and torque. Random samples of each brand of disposable prophylaxis angle were utilized. Vibration was measured with a height gauge and running motor; noise was measured with a sound meter and heat rise was measured from 68°F on the head and body of the disposable prophylaxis angles, and torque required to ...


The Evolution Of Prophy Paste, Caren Barnes 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Evolution Of Prophy Paste, Caren Barnes

Caren M Barnes

Dental hygienists have many products to choose from when deciding which prophy paste is best for each patient. To date, the evidence supporting prophy pastes formulated to remineralize enamel or eliminate dentinal hypersensitivity is somewhat unclear. Most of the research has been conducted in vitro among environments that do not accurately simulate clinical conditions. Additional clinical research performed in vivo is needed to provide the evidence base necessary for effective clinical decision making.


Polishing Esthetic Restorative Materiai, Caren Barnes 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Polishing Esthetic Restorative Materiai, Caren Barnes

Caren M Barnes

When esthetic dental restorations are encountered during charting, they should be included in the treatment plan for the specific polishing procedures that are required. If the brand and type of esthetic restoration are known through the patient chart, the polishing procedures and products used should be those recommended by the manufacturer. If not possible, alternative polishing procedures should be used. A cleaning agent containing feldspar and rubber polishing cup can be used on all esthetic restorative materials with no chance of damage to the surface characterization.

The principles for polishing esthetic restorations are the same as for natural teeth. If ...


Shining A New Light On Selective Polishing, Caren Barnes 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Shining A New Light On Selective Polishing, Caren Barnes

Caren M Barnes

The era of selective polishing is over. Polishing is an integral procedure provided by dental hygienists. Patients look forward to the resultant smooth, clean feeling, and dental hygienists must ensure that all patients are polished according to their individual needs—ensuring the safety of their teeth and restorations.


The Management Of Aerosols With Airpolishing Delivery Systems, Caren Barnes 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Management Of Aerosols With Airpolishing Delivery Systems, Caren Barnes

Caren M Barnes

In summary. aerosol production is inherent with airpolishers. as well as other dental equipment such as handpieces, ultrasonic scalers, and air/water syringes. By practicing prudent infection control techniques and utilizing proper operating techniques, the clinician can continue to enjoy the time-efficient and efficacious benefits of airpolishers, while ensuring a maximum protection from aerosols for the patient and the operator.


An In Vivo Comparison Of Commercially Available Disposable Prophylaxis Angles, Lisa Fleming, Caren Barnes, Carl Russell 2015 University of Alabama

An In Vivo Comparison Of Commercially Available Disposable Prophylaxis Angles, Lisa Fleming, Caren Barnes, Carl Russell

Caren M Barnes

A wide variety of disposable infection control products is being marketed including disposable prophylaxis angles. It was the purpose of this in vivo investigation to evaluate the clinical efficacy of five different brands of commercially available disposable prophylaxis angles. Utilizing a splitmouth design. 11 dental hygienists evaluated disposable prophylaxis angles while completing a routine oral prophylaxis. Fifty samples each of Brahler. Ash/Dentsply, Denticator. and Young Dental angles were compared to a control angle (Teledyne Getz). A questionnaire was completed by each operator following patient treatment (a total of 161 patients was treated). The questionnaire asked questions in which the ...


An In-Depth Look At Air Polishing, Caren Barnes 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center

An In-Depth Look At Air Polishing, Caren Barnes

Caren M Barnes

Air polishing has been available for four decades, however, the concept is based on a technology invented by Dr. Robert Black in 1945. Dr. Black invented the Air Dent, a device that used compressed air, water, and a highly abrasive powder to eliminate pain from cavity preparation, making anesthesia unnecessary. The Air Dent had numerous problems that could not be overcome, but Dr. Black never gave up on his idea. The technology he invented became the basis of air polishing and was first marketed in 1976. By the late 1970s, air polishing was readily available. Air polishing represents the most ...


Biodegradable Nano-Hybrid Polymer Composite Networks For Regulating Cellular Behavior, Charles Henley Sprague 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Biodegradable Nano-Hybrid Polymer Composite Networks For Regulating Cellular Behavior, Charles Henley Sprague

Masters Theses

Photo-crosslinkable polymeric biomaterials have emerged in the field of biomedical research to promote tissue regeneration. For example, scaffolds that can be crosslinked and hardened in situ have been known to make suitable implant alternatives. Since injectable and photo-crosslinkable biomaterials offer the advantage of being minimally invasive, they have emerged to compete with autografts, a current highly invasive method to repair diseased tissue. A series of novel photo-crosslinkable, injectable, and biodegradable nano-hybrid polymers consisting of poly(ε-caprolactone fumarate) (PCLF) and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) has been synthesized in our laboratory via polycondensation. To engineer the material properties of the nano-hybrid networks ...


Changes In Composite Toxicity Following Exposure To Pulp Capping Materials, Audra Long 2015 Marquette University

Changes In Composite Toxicity Following Exposure To Pulp Capping Materials, Audra Long

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: Direct pulp capping involves placing a material over the exposed pulp in order to maintain its vitality. For decades, calcium hydroxide (CH) has served as the gold standard for this purpose, but its toxicity to the pulp may negatively impact treatment outcomes. Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) has become a popular alternative based partly on its excellent biocompatibility. Pulp-capped teeth are often restored with highly toxic composite materials, but the pulp capping material’s ability to alter these toxic effects has never been investigated. The purpose of this in vitro study is to determine the effects of Dycal, a CH-based ...


Influence Of Fluoride And Stress On The Electrochemical Properties Of Nickel-Titanium Coils, Ashley Barnes 2015 Marquette University

Influence Of Fluoride And Stress On The Electrochemical Properties Of Nickel-Titanium Coils, Ashley Barnes

Master's Theses (2009 -)

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of fluoride and stress on the electrochemical properties of nickel-titanium coils. Forty Dentsply GAC NiTi coils were divided into four groups of ten and individually tested. Twenty coils were placed in a solution of artificial saliva, where ten of the twenty were compressed and the other ten were not stressed. The other twenty coils were placed in a 1500 ppm NaF solution, where ten were compressed and ten were not. The coils were connected to a computer driven potentiostat and three tests were conducted: open circuit potential monitoring for 2 ...


Thermomechanical Characterization Of Variable Force Niti Orthodontic Archwires, Anjali Sudershan Krishan Mehta 2015 Marquette University

Thermomechanical Characterization Of Variable Force Niti Orthodontic Archwires, Anjali Sudershan Krishan Mehta

Master's Theses (2009 -)

ABSTRACT THERMOMECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIABLE FORCE NITI ORTHODONTIC ARCHWIRES Anjali Mehta, BDS MDS Marquette University, 2015 Introduction: Nickel-Titanium (NiTi) archwires, due to their properties of superelasticity and shape memory, have been extensively used in orthodontic mechanotherapy. However, one of the shortcomings of these wires is that they deliver constant forces across the entire arch. The amount of force needed to move a tooth is a function of the surface area of the tooth and its supporting bone; and is lesser for single rooted anterior teeth compared to larger molars. The introduction of heat treatment of NiTi wires and the influence ...


Influence Of Fluoride And Stress On The Mechanical Properties Of Nickel-Titanium Coils, Jennifer Ann Fehrman Roloff 2015 Marquette University

Influence Of Fluoride And Stress On The Mechanical Properties Of Nickel-Titanium Coils, Jennifer Ann Fehrman Roloff

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the influence of fluoride and stress on the mechanical properties of nickel-titanium open coil springs. Materials and Methods: Sentalloy nickel-titanium open coil springs (15 mm length) were divided into five groups. A control group was tested mechanically in as-received condition. The other four experimental groups were exposed to artificial saliva (Fusayama-Meyer solution) at 37oC for 12 weeks in a 2x2 factorial design with fluoride exposure and stress (compression) as the two factors. Those springs which were under compression were held at 5 mm in length for the entirety of the testing ...


Mechanical Properties And Patient Perceptions Of Commonly Used Clear Aligner Systems As-Received And After Clinical Use, Lauren Evan Montoure Teske 2015 Marquette University

Mechanical Properties And Patient Perceptions Of Commonly Used Clear Aligner Systems As-Received And After Clinical Use, Lauren Evan Montoure Teske

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Background/Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the viscoelastic properties of two clear aligner systems, Invisalign (Align Technology, Inc, Santa Clara, CA, USA) and Simpli5 (Allesee Orthodontic Appliances, Sturtevant, WI, USA), and determine if there was a difference after use. A survey assessed patients’ perceptions of the aligner material and post-treatment satisfaction. Materials/Methods: Mandibular aligners were collected from two patients after 2-3 weeks of use (n=6). Duplicate, unused aligners were obtained for each patient (n=6). Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) characterized the viscoelastic properties of the materials. Three tests were done on separate specimens: frequency scan (0.1-10 ...


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