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Managing Patient Expectations With Implant Treatment, Daniel B. Kamran, Mark Booth DDS, Eduardo Gonzalez DDS, Ed Shaw DDS 2018 University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry

Managing Patient Expectations With Implant Treatment, Daniel B. Kamran, Mark Booth Dds, Eduardo Gonzalez Dds, Ed Shaw Dds

Excellence Day

This patient came to University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry to get implants and implant crowns to improve his smile, replacing his upper partial denture. Different approaches were made by the faculty to arrive at best outcomes, which took four years for the patient to receive the treatment he wanted. This abstract will further detail how the treatment was conducted and the results afterwards.


Evaluation Of The Biocompatibility And Micromechanical Properties Of Experimental Dental Adhesives, Hoda Moussa 2018 State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

Evaluation Of The Biocompatibility And Micromechanical Properties Of Experimental Dental Adhesives, Hoda Moussa

Forensic Science Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the biocompatibility and micromechanical properties of newly synthesized antibacterial monomer and cross-linker functional surfactants into a commercially available dental adhesive (Single Bond, 3M ESPE, Saint Paul, MN, USA) at three concentrations (0.05, 0.1, 0.25 mg/mg). All groups were analyzed by evaluation of micro-tensile bond strength, ultimate tensile strength, cell viability, antibacterial properties, and surface micro-hardness. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used for interfacial characterization.

Human extracted molars were used as a substrate for bonding adhesives for the micro-tensile bond strength (MTBS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies. Twenty ...


Effect Of Porcelain Thickness And Translucency On The Final Shade Of Ips E.Max Cad Overlaying A Dark Substrate., Peter F. Alena 2018 University of Louisville

Effect Of Porcelain Thickness And Translucency On The Final Shade Of Ips E.Max Cad Overlaying A Dark Substrate., Peter F. Alena

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

IPS e.max is a very esthetic lithium disilicate used in dental ceramics. Unfortunately, it can unintentionally change color after cementation with resin cements. The purpose of this study is to better understand how combining thickness and translucency affects the post-cementation shade of IPS e.max CAD overlaying a dark substrate, thereby enabling clinicians to choose more appropriate techniques and materials. IPS e.max CADs (A1 shade) had either a low translucency (LT) or high translucency (HT), and cut with 0.3mm, 0.5mm, and 1.0mm thicknesses. Each sample overlaid a resin cement and dark substrate, a spectrophotometer helped ...


A Hint Of Success, Sarah Asp Olson 2018 Minnesota State University, Mankato

A Hint Of Success, Sarah Asp Olson

Frontiers

Angela Monson's unique teaching tool is a boon for precision in dental hygiene instruction.


1st Place Contest Entry: Provisional Patent Research Process, Joshua Goldfaden 2018 Chapman University

1st Place Contest Entry: Provisional Patent Research Process, Joshua Goldfaden

Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize

This is Joshua Goldfaden's submission for the 2018 Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize, which won first place. He wrote about abrasive chemicals in commercial toothpastes and created a provisional patent to develop a safer alternative.

Joshua is a sophomore at Chapman University, majoring in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. His faculty mentor is Dr. Yu-An (Peter) Chang.


Aloe Vera: A Multipurpose Healer And Bacterial Eradicator, Mary X. Tran, Leira N. Jimenez, Linda K. Blackburn 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Aloe Vera: A Multipurpose Healer And Bacterial Eradicator, Mary X. Tran, Leira N. Jimenez, Linda K. Blackburn

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

The Aloe vera plant is a succulent known for its rich content in vitamins and minerals, thus gaining popularity over the years in healthcare products. With advancements in alternative medicine, it has been recently found useful in dentistry due to properties such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antimicrobial actions that contribute to wound healing. The purpose of this study was to examine and discover how Aloe vera can be used as an alternative therapy in the dental field. The PubMed, Google Scholar and Dentistry & Oral Sciences (DOSS) databases were utilized to find current scientific evidence on the effects of Aloe vera ...


A Comparison Of The Antimicrobial Efficacy Of Silver Diamine Fluoride And Silver Nitrate: An In Vitro Study, Nicholas L. Luke 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

A Comparison Of The Antimicrobial Efficacy Of Silver Diamine Fluoride And Silver Nitrate: An In Vitro Study, Nicholas L. Luke

Theses and Dissertations

A COMPARISON OF THE ANTIMICROBIAL EFFICACY OF SILVER DIAMINE FLUORIDE AND SILVER NITRATE: AN IN VITRO STUDY

By: Nicholas L Luke, D.D.S.

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Dentistry at Virginia Commonwealth University.

Virginia Commonwealth University, May 2018

Thesis Advisor: William O. Dahlke Jr., D.M.D.

Pediatric Dentistry, Department Chair

Purpose: To determine the antimicrobial efficacy of SDF and SN/NaF.

Methods: Three bacterial species were combined to create an in vitro biofilm. Treatment was completed with SN, SN/NaF, SDF, SDF½ or untreated (control).

Results ...


Evaluation Of Fit For 3d Printed Retainers As Compared To Thermoform Retainers, David J. Cole 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Evaluation Of Fit For 3d Printed Retainers As Compared To Thermoform Retainers, David J. Cole

Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

EVALUATION OF FIT FOR 3D PRINTED RETAINERS AS COMPARED TO THERMOFORM RETAINERS

By David Cole, D.M.D.

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Dentistry at Virginia Commonwealth University

Thesis Directors: Eser Tüfekçi, D.D.S., M.S., Ph.D., M.S.H.A.

Professor, Department of Orthodontics

Sompop Bencharit, D.D.S., M.S., Ph.D.

Associate Professor and Director of Digital Dentistry, Department of General Practice

Introduction: Despite recent advances in three-dimensional (3D) printing, little information is available on 3D printed retainers

Methods: Three reference models ...


Binding Of Salivary Proteins To Orthodontic Brackets, Maria Pia Canales 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Binding Of Salivary Proteins To Orthodontic Brackets, Maria Pia Canales

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Objectives:
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different orthodontic materials on the formation of the protein pellicle on the bracket surface.

Materials and Methods: We used X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) to analyze the atomic composition of orthodontic metallic and ceramic brackets. Following XPS, the brackets were immersed in human whole saliva supernatant for 2-hour incubation at 37°C. Hydroxyapatite (HA) discs were used as control. Acquired pellicle was harvested with sonication for each group, and liquid chromatography electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry was used for protein identification.

Results: Differences reported by XPS and mass spectrometry were ...


Thermal Properties Of Commonly Used Clear Aligner Systems As-Received And After Clinical Use, Louis Wenger 2017 Marquette University

Thermal Properties Of Commonly Used Clear Aligner Systems As-Received And After Clinical Use, Louis Wenger

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Background/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the thermal properties, particularly glass transition temperature, of the polymers that are used to fabricate three different types of modern orthodontic aligners. Invisalign, (Align Technology, Inc, Santa Clara, CA, USA), Simpli5 (Allesee Orthodontic Appliances, Sturtevant, WI, USA), and ClearCorrect (ClearCorrect, Round Rock, TX, USA) were examined both as-received and after clinical use to determine if any differences were present both between and within aligners. Materials/Methods: Orthodontic aligners were collected from three different patients using the systems under investigation after two weeks of intraoral use. Duplicate, un-used samples were obtained ...


Viability Of Human Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts After Time In Tooth Storage Media, Scott MacDonald 2017 Marquette University

Viability Of Human Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts After Time In Tooth Storage Media, Scott Macdonald

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Periodontal ligament cell viability at the time of tooth replantation is of utmost importance for proper repair of the damaged tissues (1). Multiple different options are currently available for storage of an avulsed tooth. The goal of this study was to investigate new storage media and evaluate their ability to maintain cell viability over time. Materials and Methods: Cultured human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (hPDLF) were seeded on 96-well plates. These cells were exposed to different storage media including: Hank’s Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS), EMT Toothsaver (EMT), Save-A-Tooth (SAT), trehalose (T300), cell culture media, water, and different formulations of HBSS ...


Fluoride Varnish Application In The Pediatric Population, Ellen Gnaedinger 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Fluoride Varnish Application In The Pediatric Population, Ellen Gnaedinger

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Purpose: The United States (U.S.) has a persistent problem of dental caries in primary teeth with a greater prevalence of dental caries found in minority and poor children. The majority of children in the U.S. experience dental caries in their primary teeth by age eight. This problem could be addressed by primary care providers applying fluoride varnish (FV) to children's teeth starting at the age of primary tooth eruption. The causes of dental caries in children’s primary teeth are multifactorial and therefore require multiple interventions. Around the world providers are utilizing FV as an effective and ...


An Investigation Of Surface Characteristics Of Enamel Treated With Infiltrative Resin: A Scanning Electron Microscopy Study, Danielle E. Easterly 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

An Investigation Of Surface Characteristics Of Enamel Treated With Infiltrative Resin: A Scanning Electron Microscopy Study, Danielle E. Easterly

Theses and Dissertations

AN INVESTIGATION OF SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS OF ENAMEL TREATED WITH INFILTRATIVE RESIN: A SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY STUDY

Danielle E. Easterly, Doctorate of Dental Surgery.

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Dentistry at Virginia Commonwealth University.

Virginia Commonwealth University. 2017.

Director: Dr. Eser Tüfekçi

D.D.S., M.S., Ph.D., M.S.H.A.

Objective: To evaluate the microstructural changes of a resin infiltrant (ICON®, DMG America LLC, Englewood, NJ) after six months of simulated toothbrushing.

Materials and Methods: Ten extracted third molars (n=10) were collected. Artificial white spot ...


Effects Of Flash-Free Technique On Plaque Retention, White Spot Lesions, And Bracket Failure: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Payam Ishani Afousi 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Effects Of Flash-Free Technique On Plaque Retention, White Spot Lesions, And Bracket Failure: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Payam Ishani Afousi

Theses & Dissertations

A side effect of orthodontic treatment is the development of white spot lesions (WSLs). This thesis attempted to evaluate the effects of the use of APC™ Flash-Free (FF) and conventional adhesives in bonding of orthodontic brackets on plaque formation and retention, WSL development, and bracket failure in-vivo. This was accomplished by collecting plaque samples from around orthodontic appliances and analyzing them using ATP-driven bioluminescence; scanning enamel surfaces using the Canary System™ to evaluate WSL development, and counting the number of spontaneous debonding of brackets of the 4 maxillary incisors in the first 6 months of treatment. It was found that ...


Correlation Of Tooth Length Measurements Made On Cbct And 3t Mr Images, Andrew Scott Taylor 2016 Loma Linda University

Correlation Of Tooth Length Measurements Made On Cbct And 3t Mr Images, Andrew Scott Taylor

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Objective. This study compared tooth length measurements made on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans and 3-Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance (MR) scans performed with and without an alginate bite registration surrounding the crowns of the teeth. Materials and Methods. One CBCT scan, one MR scan with alginate bite registration, and one MR scan without bite registration were performed on 12 subjects. The alginate bite registration was used to provide a proton-rich material to surround proton-poor teeth in an attempt to improve visualization of teeth. DICOM formatted images from each of the three scans for each subject were oriented in all ...


Dentin Remineralization Around Ceramir Restoration, Lujain S. Alhuwayrini 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Dentin Remineralization Around Ceramir Restoration, Lujain S. Alhuwayrini

Dental Theses

AIM:

To determine the efficacy of Ceramir, a modified glass ionomer cement and a surfactant mono-n-dodecyl phosphate in remineralization of dentin around root caries restorations.

MATERIALS & METHODS:

45 permanent intact teeth were embedded in self-cured dental acrylic resin to expose buccal or lingual surfaces. The buccal/lingual surfaces were wet ground with carbide paper, final polishing were accomplished with aluminum to obtain highly polished dentin surface. Baseline Knoop micro hardness values were recorded. All specimens were then etched using 37% phosphoric acid for 5 seconds to demineralize dentin and to expose dentin collagen. The Knoop indenter micro hardness measurements were ...


Get In The Zone: A Survey Of Dental Professionals' Knowledge Of Ozone Therapy, Emily Hannah 2016 Western Kentucky University

Get In The Zone: A Survey Of Dental Professionals' Knowledge Of Ozone Therapy, Emily Hannah

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Ozone therapy has been used in medicine for many years to treat a variety of ailments. Ozone is an unstable triatomic molecule made up of three oxygen atoms. This molecule has the ability to kill bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses. The researcher first was curious if there has been research done on uses of Ozone Therapy in the dental setting. After reviewing the literature there is indeed a use for Ozone Therapy to treat a host of dental problems including periodontal disease, ulcers, and carious lesions (also known as cavities). However, there are conflicting conclusions in the literature as to ...


Mechanical Properties Of Copper-Nickel-Titanium Archwires, Margaret Amelia Rosen 2016 Marquette University

Mechanical Properties Of Copper-Nickel-Titanium Archwires, Margaret Amelia Rosen

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: The initial phase of orthodontic therapy relies on flexible wires, usually composed of a nickel-titanium alloy, to apply a substantially constant load during tooth movement. Copper has been added to nickel-titanium archwires, resulting in an alloy with potential clinical advantages such as a lower stress hysteresis. Many orthodontic companies claim that their copper-nickel-titanium manufacturing process allows for the production of more consistent transition temperatures in the wires, allowing the orthodontist to customize treatment to various patients based on the force level needed. There are currently many manufacturers of these wires, creating a wide range of copper-nickel-titanium archwires from which ...


Thermal Properties Of Copper Nickel-Titanium Orthodontic Archwires, Joshua Gilbert 2016 Marquette University

Thermal Properties Of Copper Nickel-Titanium Orthodontic Archwires, Joshua Gilbert

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: Copper Nickel-Titanium (CuNiTi) is a relatively new composition of Nickel-Titanium (NiTi) archwires that was originally patented in 1991 as part of the Ormco line of wires. The patent has now recently expired and many other orthodontic companies are making their own CuNiTi wires. Advertisement claims have focused on the laboratory benefits of adding Copper (Cu) to the NiTi, however few independent laboratory testings have been conducted on these new wires to verify claims. The purpose of this study was to conduct thermal analysis of CuNiTi for all currently available wires in two Austenite Finish (Af) variants and two commonly ...


Influence Of Low Temperature Degradation On Microstructural Integrity Of Zirconia Dental Implants, Mona Monzavi Rahimi 2016 Loma Linda University

Influence Of Low Temperature Degradation On Microstructural Integrity Of Zirconia Dental Implants, Mona Monzavi Rahimi

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Zirconia dental implants have become more popular in the field of implant dentistry. However, concerns have been raised regarding low temperature degradation and its influence on phase stability and micro-structural integrity in terms of increased micro-crack formation. In the case of dental implants, this could possibly result in delamination and interference with bone to implant contact and eventually lead to loss of integration and failure. Nevertheless, no study has reported the effects on commercially available Zirconia dental implants. The primary aims of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between ageing duration and 1) depth of tetragonal-monoclinic ...


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