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Antibacterial Efficacy Of Novel Eastern Medicine-Inspired Toothpastes Compared To Commercial Formulations, Joshua S. Goldfaden 2020 University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry

Antibacterial Efficacy Of Novel Eastern Medicine-Inspired Toothpastes Compared To Commercial Formulations, Joshua S. Goldfaden

Pacific Journal of Health

Toothpaste is an oral health care agent that dates back to the 5th Century B.C. in East Asia. Following the conception of dentistry in the 7th Century B.C. and the field’s subsequent growth, the embodiment of toothpaste has evolved from containing natural substances such as tea leaves to abrasive chemicals, particularly: fluoride, triclosan, and sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS). Regarding how each respective reagent functions, fluoride forms a complex with calcium ions in the teeth to prevent erosion of the protective enamel coating. This ion also disrupts metabolic activities of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), which are ...


Differential Diagnosis And Histopathological Analysis Of Localized Gingival Overgrowths: Study Of 218 Cases From Northeast Thailand, Lordjie Marr Morilla, Ajiravudh Subarnbhesaj, Poramaporn Klanrit 2020 Department of Clinical Dental Health Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of the Philippines, Manila

Differential Diagnosis And Histopathological Analysis Of Localized Gingival Overgrowths: Study Of 218 Cases From Northeast Thailand, Lordjie Marr Morilla, Ajiravudh Subarnbhesaj, Poramaporn Klanrit

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Localized gingival overgrowths (LGOs) are relatively common clinical findings. These lesions can be associated with chronic irritation, infections, or they can represent benign or malignant tumors that can either be primary or metastatic. The etiology of these lesions is multifactorial, but the most prevalent cause is reactive hyperplasia and inflammation induced by dental plaque. Objective: This study presents the prevalence of LGOs in Northeast Thailand and identifies the most common LGOs in the region. Methods: A series of 218 LGO cases was studied. Results: Pyogenic granuloma (PG), gingival squamous cell carcinoma (GSCC), and peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) were the three ...


Effect Of Acid Etching And Er:Yag Laser Enamel Conditioning On The Microleakage Of Glass Carbomer Fissure Sealants, Neslihan Ozveren, Yesim Sesen Uslu, Nazmiye Donmez 2020 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey

Effect Of Acid Etching And Er:Yag Laser Enamel Conditioning On The Microleakage Of Glass Carbomer Fissure Sealants, Neslihan Ozveren, Yesim Sesen Uslu, Nazmiye Donmez

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Er:YAG laser used alone or in combination with acid etching as surface conditioners on the microleakage of a glass carbomer fissure sealant for permanent molar teeth.

Methods: Forty sound human permanent molar teeth were randomly divided into four experimental groups based on enamel etching methods: group I, no surface conditioning; group II, 37% phosphoric acid etching; group III, Er:YAG laser etching; and group IV, sequential laser etching and acid etching. After surface conditioning procedures were conducted, the teeth were sealed with a glass carbomer seal. The teeth were subjected ...


Evaluation Of Clinical Single Dental Implants Made Between 2013 And 2017, Zozan Erdoğmuş 2020 Ministry of Health, Diyarbakır Oral and Dental Health Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Evaluation Of Clinical Single Dental Implants Made Between 2013 And 2017, Zozan Erdoğmuş

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This retrospective study aimed to determine the profile of patients who underwent single tooth implants between 2013 and 1017 and to evaluate long-term follow-up and success. Methods: The results of 79 patients who underwent single dental intra-bone dental implantation in Diyarbakır Oral and Dental Health Hospital between 2013 and 2017 were evaluated separately in terms of gender, age, implanted area and number, systemic diseases affecting implant health, and missing implants. Results: In this study, single tooth implants were evaluated in 79 patients with a mean age of 39.55 years in men and 30.44 years in women. The ...


Health-Related Anxiety In The Management Of Oral Soreness In An Hivseropositive Patient, Masita Mandasari, Zulvia Oktanida Syarif, Febrina Rahmayanti 2020 Oral Medicine Residency Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Health-Related Anxiety In The Management Of Oral Soreness In An Hivseropositive Patient, Masita Mandasari, Zulvia Oktanida Syarif, Febrina Rahmayanti

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) has been increasing since the first known case in the early 1980s. However, PLHIV can also experience comorbidities, such as health anxiety. In the oral cavity, anxiety is often associated with the etiology of parafunctional habits. Anxiety can be measured using self-administered instruments, such as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Short-Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI), which is specifically used in the medical setting. Objectives: We are describing a case of HIV positive patient with health anxiety who presented to the oral medicine clinic in our hospital with a complaint of ...


Comprehensive Review Of Current Endodontic Sealers, Takashi Komabayashi, David Colmenar, Nicholas Cvach, Aparna Bhat, Carolyn Primus, Yohji Imai 2020 Clinical Professor, University of New England College of Dental Medicine

Comprehensive Review Of Current Endodontic Sealers, Takashi Komabayashi, David Colmenar, Nicholas Cvach, Aparna Bhat, Carolyn Primus, Yohji Imai

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

Endodontic sealers for non-surgical root canal treatment (NSRCT) span many compositions and attributes. This comprehensive review discusses current types of endodontic sealers by their setting reaction type, composition, and properties: zinc oxide-eugenol, salicylate, fatty acid, glass ionomer, silicone, epoxy resin, tricalcium silicate, and methacrylate resin sealers. Setting time, solubility, sealing ability, antimicrobial, biocompatibility, and cytotoxicity are all aspects key to the performance of endodontic sealers. Because sealing ability is so important to successful outcomes, the relative degree of microleakage among all the relevant sealers was calculated by way of a meta-analysis of relevant literature. Compared to AH Plus, tricalcium silicate ...


Exploring The Use Of Pulsed Erbium Lasers To Retrieve A Zirconia Crown From A Zirconia Implant Abutment, Ahmed Elkharashi 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Exploring The Use Of Pulsed Erbium Lasers To Retrieve A Zirconia Crown From A Zirconia Implant Abutment, Ahmed Elkharashi

Theses and Dissertations

Removal of zirconia crowns, commonly used as cement-retained implant fixed restorations, can be challenging. Conventional methods of crown removal are time consuming and often leave irreparable damage to the crown, which can be costly to patients and practitioners. This research explored the use of two different types of pulsed erbium lasers, erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser (Er:YAG) and erbium, chromium-doped yttrium, scandium, gallium and garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG), as non-invasive tools to retrieve cemented zirconia crowns from zirconia implant abutments. Times needed to remove the crowns were recorded and analyzed using ANOVA (𝛼=0.05). No statistical differences between ...


The Visual And Spectrophotometric Effect Of External Bleaching On Omnichroma Resin Composite And Natural Teeth, Michael Brian Evans 2020 West Virginia University

The Visual And Spectrophotometric Effect Of External Bleaching On Omnichroma Resin Composite And Natural Teeth, Michael Brian Evans

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Objective: To determine the visual and spectrophotometric effect external tooth bleaching has on natural tooth structure and OMNiCHROMA composite at various number of treatments. Variables were compared to determine if there is a detectable difference between the composite and the tooth before and after bleaching.

Methods: Preparation and restoration of 25 previously extracted teeth was completed. OMNiCHROMA composite was used. Each tooth was measured visually with a VITA shade guide and a colorimeter. Measurements were recorded before bleaching, after 5 and 10 treatments. Statistical analysis was completed and ΔE values between the composite and tooth were compared between the 3 ...


An Investigation Into The History, Science, And Future Of Dental Filling Materials, Natalia Kaczor 2020 Assumption College

An Investigation Into The History, Science, And Future Of Dental Filling Materials, Natalia Kaczor

Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of External Root Resorption In Orthodontic Treatment Between Self-Ligating And Conventional Bracket Systems, Nuriah Bohari, Noor Airin Koah, Rohana Ahmad 2019 Center of Studies for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sungai Buloh, Selangor 47000, Malaysia

Comparison Of External Root Resorption In Orthodontic Treatment Between Self-Ligating And Conventional Bracket Systems, Nuriah Bohari, Noor Airin Koah, Rohana Ahmad

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The relationship between orthodontic bracket systems and external root resorption has remained debatable. Objective: This study compared the magnitude and pattern of the external root resorption of maxillary incisors as induced by self-ligating and conventional bracket systems via cone beam computed tomography and medical imaging programs. Methods: Eight participants were recruited for each bracket system. Their maxillary incisors were scanned at the beginning (T0) and 18 months into treatment (T1). Three-dimensional models of the four maxillary incisors at T0 and T1 were reconstructed using the Mimics program. The difference in root length between T0 and T1 models represented external root ...


Antimicrobial Efficacy Of Myrmecodia Pendens Extract And Fraction Combination Against Enterococcus Faecalis Atcc 29212, Faisal Kuswandani, Mieke H. Satari, Ani M. Maskoen 2019 Biomedical Science Master Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java 45363, Indonesia

Antimicrobial Efficacy Of Myrmecodia Pendens Extract And Fraction Combination Against Enterococcus Faecalis Atcc 29212, Faisal Kuswandani, Mieke H. Satari, Ani M. Maskoen

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Enterococcus faecalis can withstand harsh environmental conditions in the root canal and cause a secondary infection. Myrmecodia pendens is an herbal medicine rich in polyphenol compounds that have antibacterial, antioxidant, and anticancer properties. Objectives: To analyze the effects of M. pendens fraction combination on the sensitivity of E. faecalis. Methods: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined using a serial microdilution method, and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was determined by adding the test sample to sterile Mueler Hinton agar medium. Results: The MIC of combination 1 (hexane-ethyl acetate, HE) was 0.049 mg/mL, whereas those of combinations 2 ...


Persistent Endodontics Pathogens Biofilm Inhibited By Lactobacillus Reuteri Indonesian Strain, Armelia Sari Widyarman, Njoo Kiky Elysia Lazaroni 2019 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Trisakti University, Jakarta, 11440 Indonesia

Persistent Endodontics Pathogens Biofilm Inhibited By Lactobacillus Reuteri Indonesian Strain, Armelia Sari Widyarman, Njoo Kiky Elysia Lazaroni

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Lactobacillus reuteri is known as probiotics that effective to improve oral health. Objective: To analyze the effect of L. reuteri Indonesian strain, towards Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans biofilm growth. Methods: This study was conducted using biofilm assay. Each E. faecalis ATCC-29212 and C. albicans ATCC-10231 were cultured in Brain Heart Infusion Broth, distributed into 96 well-microplate and incubated for 24h, 37°C, anaerobic condition for E. faecalis and aerobic condition for C. albicans. L. reuteri LC382415 (Indonesian strain) was cultured in deMann Rogosa Shar pe Broth and diluted into different concentrations (108,106, and 104CFU ...


Orthodontic Camouflage Treatment Of A High-Angle Severe Skeletal Class Ii Discrepancy, Deryana Marshadhianti, Miesje Karmiati Purwanegara 2019 Orthodontics Residency Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 10430 Indonesia

Orthodontic Camouflage Treatment Of A High-Angle Severe Skeletal Class Ii Discrepancy, Deryana Marshadhianti, Miesje Karmiati Purwanegara

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Proper orthodontic treatment in adult patients with severe skeletal Class II discrepancy can be challenging. Recently, miniscrew implants have been used as a strategy to treat skeletal Class II patients. Objective: This report illustrates a skeletal Class II malocclusion management combining straight wire technique and miniscrew implant anchorage. Case report: The patient was a 21-years- old Indonesian female with Class II skeletal discrepancy, a retrognathic mandible, a high mandibular plane angle, and a mouth breathing habit due to a history of allergic rhinitis. Anchorage control is important in the sagittal and vertical directions. Miniscrew implants were placed in the interradicular ...


The Effectiveness Of Resin-Modified Glass Ionomer Varnish In Preventing White Spot Lesions During Fixed Appliance Orthodontic Therapy: An In Vitro Study, Bradley Herman 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Effectiveness Of Resin-Modified Glass Ionomer Varnish In Preventing White Spot Lesions During Fixed Appliance Orthodontic Therapy: An In Vitro Study, Bradley Herman

Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the efficacy of a glass ionomer varnish in preventing demineralization of enamel adjacent to and some distance away from an orthodontic bracket. Forty extracted human molars were divided into four different treatment groups (varnish in distilled water, varnish in acetic acid, enamel in acetic acid, and enamel in distilled water). Two 3 x 3 mm graphite windows were drawn on the tooth, one adjacent to the bracket and one 3 mm away from the first window, indicating the scanning area. Varnish was applied to the teeth in the varnish groups and all ...


Part I: Comparative Analysis Between Natural And Ceramic Teeth, Aneeza Hussain, Ibeth Erazo 2019 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Part I: Comparative Analysis Between Natural And Ceramic Teeth, Aneeza Hussain, Ibeth Erazo

Publications and Research

Ceramics play a fundamental role in Dentistry and are used widely, due to their ability to mimic the optical characteristics of enamel and dentine, as well as for their biocompatibility and strength. Initially, dental ceramics were materials that formed part of systems, designed with the purpose of producing dental prosthetics that in turn were used to replace missing or damaged dental structures. However, due to the increased demand for esthetics, its development has gone beyond in such a way that it has led to the development of all ceramic restorations. So that, in the last few decades, there have been ...


Efficacy Of A Dissolvable Strip With Calcium Sodium Phosphosilicate (Novamin®) In Providing Rapid Dentine Hypersensitivity Relief, John Gallob, Martin R. Ling, Pejmon Amini, Avinash Patil, Mounir Atassi 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Efficacy Of A Dissolvable Strip With Calcium Sodium Phosphosilicate (Novamin®) In Providing Rapid Dentine Hypersensitivity Relief, John Gallob, Martin R. Ling, Pejmon Amini, Avinash Patil, Mounir Atassi

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of a dissolvable strip containing 15% w/w calcium sodium phosphosilicate (CSPS) (Novamin®) in providing rapid relief from dentine hypersensitivity (DH). Methods In this examiner-blind, proof-of-principle study, 120 healthy adults with DH were randomized 1:1 to the Test strip, professionally applied to facial surfaces of two selected teeth, or to No treatment. Sensitivity was assessed at baseline and 10 min, 2 h and 4 h post-application in response to evaporative (air) and tactile stimuli (measured by Schiff sensitivity scale/a numeric rating scale and tactile threshold, respectively). Change from baseline was analyzed by ANCOVA ...


Marginal Staining Between Pressed Lithium Disilicate Ceramic Crowns And Direct Restorative Materials By Various Fluids : A Microleakage Study., Sarah Ann Jestel 2019 University of Louisville

Marginal Staining Between Pressed Lithium Disilicate Ceramic Crowns And Direct Restorative Materials By Various Fluids : A Microleakage Study., Sarah Ann Jestel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

When treating patients with existing restorations in which indirect restoration placement is indicated and crown lengthening surgery is contraindicated, dentists may choose to finish the crown margin on an existing restoration. The interface between the two dental restorations (resin composite and ceramic crown) may be more susceptible to microleakage and fluid staining, reducing restoration longevity. In this study, 80 extracted molars received indirect restoration margins finished on different direct restorative materials (resin-modified glass ionomer and conventional, flowable, and bulk fill nano-hybrid resin composite) and subjected to common staining fluids of coffee, tea, red wine, or Coca-Cola. If the clinician must ...


Mass Spectrometry-Based Proteomics Analysis Of Bioactive Proteins In Emd That Modulate Adhesion Of Gingival Fibroblast To Improve Bio-Integration Of Dental Implants, David Zuanazzi Machado Jr 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Mass Spectrometry-Based Proteomics Analysis Of Bioactive Proteins In Emd That Modulate Adhesion Of Gingival Fibroblast To Improve Bio-Integration Of Dental Implants, David Zuanazzi Machado Jr

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Titanium implants are used in dental practice to replace damaged or lost teeth. The implant needs to integrate with the surrounding gingiva to protect it against bacterial invasion that leads to implant loss. The biointegration is dependent on the implant surface that interacts with proteins from biological fluids to modulate tissues response. Tailoring the surface with specific proteins from the enamel matrix derivative (EMD) would be beneficial to improve the implant-gingiva interface since EMD can affect various cells including gingival fibroblasts. A surface-affinity approach using three different titanium surfaces and saliva was utilized as a model in combination with tandem ...


To Repair Or Replace: That Is The Restorative Question, Juhstin M. Brown, Clement S. Augustus 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

To Repair Or Replace: That Is The Restorative Question, Juhstin M. Brown, Clement S. Augustus

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Objective/Aims: During dental visits, patients spend the majority of their time with their dental hygienist. At these recall appointments the patient’s face-to-face time with the dentist may be short. At this part of the appointment the dentist may diagnose the need for restorative treatment for the patient. Part of the hygienist’s responsibility is to explain treatment options for teeth with restorative needs. The purpose of this review of literature is to provide both options for restoration of dentition to a functional/aesthetic state.

Methods: Studies pertaining to the topic were searched using PubMed database. Keywords used in ...


The Efficacy Of A Fluoride-Containing Orthodontic Primer In Preventing Demineralization, Alyssa G. Ricci 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Efficacy Of A Fluoride-Containing Orthodontic Primer In Preventing Demineralization, Alyssa G. Ricci

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of a fluoride-containing orthodontic primer in preventing demineralization adjacent to brackets and compare the quality of enamel on tooth surfaces that received interproximal reduction (IPR).

Methods: Patients at the VCU Orthodontic clinic who consented to orthodontic treatment involving extraction of at least 2 premolars were recruited to this pilot clinical study. Brackets were bonded to premolars using one of two primers, fluoride-containing experimental or control. IPR was also performed, and the experimental primer was applied to randomly selected teeth. Extracted teeth were analyzed visually for the presence of white spot lesions (WSLs). Micro-CT analyses were ...


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