Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

223 Full-Text Articles 446 Authors 48,510 Downloads 36 Institutions

All Articles in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Faceted Search

223 full-text articles. Page 1 of 7.

Assessment Of Maximal Incisal Opening Using Autogenous Inlay Eminoplasty Technique For Treatment Of Chronic Recurrent Temporo Mandibular Joint Dislocation, mustafa abdelkawy, Youssef Elmansi, ahmed shehab, mohamed mounir, ragia mounir 2022 Cairo University

Assessment Of Maximal Incisal Opening Using Autogenous Inlay Eminoplasty Technique For Treatment Of Chronic Recurrent Temporo Mandibular Joint Dislocation, Mustafa Abdelkawy, Youssef Elmansi, Ahmed Shehab, Mohamed Mounir, Ragia Mounir

Future Dental Journal

Purpose: Different surgical protocols have been introduced for eminence augmentation for treatment of recurrent temporomandibular joint dislocation, The aim of this study is to assess maximal incisal opening (MIO) using inlay (sandwich osteotomy) autogenous block augmentation harvested from patient’s symphesis for more stable condylar movements . Methods: five patients were treated in this study (10 joints) with bilateral autogenous inlay block bone grafting technique, each autogenous cortico-cancellous bone block was harvested from chin and wedged at the created defect of the eminence through a green stick fracture to increase its height . Results: The follow up period ranged from six months ...


Clinical Assessment Of Arthroscopic Temporomandibular Joint Discopexy Using Wire Fixation Technique, Abanoub Sliem, Ahmed Barakat, Sameh Mekhemer, Reem Hossameldin 2022 Future University in Egypt

Clinical Assessment Of Arthroscopic Temporomandibular Joint Discopexy Using Wire Fixation Technique, Abanoub Sliem, Ahmed Barakat, Sameh Mekhemer, Reem Hossameldin

Future Dental Journal

Introduction Anterior disc displacement is one of the most frequent temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, which often results in clicking, joint pain, a limited range of motion and masticatory difficulties.Methodology Four subjects (with a total number of six joints) who had significant pain and dysfunction that did not respond to non-surgical therapy, went into arthroscopic disc repositioning using wire fixation for 3 weeks then it was removed, and the patient continued on occlusal splints.Results After six months postoperatively, there was a significant increase in the MIO (Maximum incisal opening) and an insignificant decrease in the pain perception in the ...


Prevalence Of Temporomandibular Disorders Among Orthodontic Patients (Cross-Sectional Clinical Survey), Manar Souhail Youssef, Ahmad Tarabaih, Aly Osman 2022 Clinical Instructor, Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Prevalence Of Temporomandibular Disorders Among Orthodontic Patients (Cross-Sectional Clinical Survey), Manar Souhail Youssef, Ahmad Tarabaih, Aly Osman

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Orthodontic treatment as a risk factor for the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) has been a controversy in literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of TMD, as defined in the Diagnostic Criteria (DC)/TMD Axis II, among orthodontic patients. A cross-sectional study (N=180) consisted of 3 groups: 60 control patients seeking orthodontic consultation, 60 patients undergoing orthodontic treatment for 3-5 months, 60 patients undergoing orthodontic treatment for 10-14 months. Patients answered a structured questionnaire that rated their oral parafunctions according to the Oral Behavior Checklist (OBC), pain intensity levels according to the Graded Chronic ...


Evaluation Of The Effect Of Two Polishing Techniques And Thermocycling Process On Surface Roughness, Hardness, And Color Stability Of Composites, Muhammet Fidan, Zeynep Dereli 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Usak University, Usak, Turkey

Evaluation Of The Effect Of Two Polishing Techniques And Thermocycling Process On Surface Roughness, Hardness, And Color Stability Of Composites, Muhammet Fidan, Zeynep Dereli

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two polishing techniques and 10.000 thermocycles on the color stability, surface roughness, and hardness of two nanohybrid (Tetric N-Ceram, Escom100) and one bulkfill (Filtek) resin composites. Methods: A total of 60 specimens were prepared using three resin composites and 20 discs from each composite. Specimens for each composite were randomly divided into two different polishing groups (Optrapol rubber and Sof-Lex discs) (n=10). Surface roughness (Ra, μm), microhardness (VHN), and color change (ΔE00) values were measured pre- and post-thermocycling. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to ...


Salivary Iga Depression In Drug-Influenced Gingival Enlargement Among Hypertensive Patients, Muhammad Annurdin Sabarudin, Haslina Taib, Wan Majdiah Wan Mohamad, Siti Lailatul Akmar Zainuddin, Wan Syamimee Wan Ghazali, Ahmad Azhar Misran 2022 Department of Periodontology and Community Oral Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Jalan Pandan Utama, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Salivary Iga Depression In Drug-Influenced Gingival Enlargement Among Hypertensive Patients, Muhammad Annurdin Sabarudin, Haslina Taib, Wan Majdiah Wan Mohamad, Siti Lailatul Akmar Zainuddin, Wan Syamimee Wan Ghazali, Ahmad Azhar Misran

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Drug-influenced gingival enlargement (DIGE) among hypertensive patients is commonly associated with antihypertensive drugs such as calcium channel blockers (CCBs). Immune response alteration is one of the proposed mechanisms for DIGE. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) in saliva which involves in defense mechanism was shown to be affected in patients with DIGE. Objective: This study aimed to determine the association of salivary IgA level with DIGE. Methods: This cross-sectional study comprised 47 hypertensive patients who had consumed antihypertensive drugs for at least 3 months. Twenty-one (44.7%) males and 26 (55.3%) females had participated in this study. Data was analyzed using SPSS ...


Endodontic Management Of Mandibular First Molar With Four Roots - A Rare Case Report With Clinical Management Guidelines, Shaikh Shahbaz, Huma Iftekhar, Sharique Alam, Zehra Shavez 2022 Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

Endodontic Management Of Mandibular First Molar With Four Roots - A Rare Case Report With Clinical Management Guidelines, Shaikh Shahbaz, Huma Iftekhar, Sharique Alam, Zehra Shavez

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Mandibular molar is usually two rooted with one mesial and one distal root. Additional roots are rare which requires accurate diagnosis and a methodical and scrupulous endodontic treatment. Objective: This paper aims to report the endodontic management of an unusual case of a mandibular permanent first molar with four roots (two mesial & two distal) and provide a clinical guideline to detect and manage these variant cases. Case report: A 15-year-old boy reported with a deep carious lesion in the lower left first molar (#36). The apical root contour of #36 on an intraoral periapical radiograph taken in different angulations suggested ...


Effect Of Brushing Time With A Whitening Dentifrice On Surface Roughness Of Anterior Composite Resins, Ahmet Hazar, Sinem Akgül, Sibel Koçak, Mustafa Murat Koçak 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, Turkey

Effect Of Brushing Time With A Whitening Dentifrice On Surface Roughness Of Anterior Composite Resins, Ahmet Hazar, Sinem Akgül, Sibel Koçak, Mustafa Murat Koçak

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the surface roughness of three anterior composite resins with different filler size, rate, and shape after brushing for 5000, 10000, and 20000 cycles with a whitening dentifrice. Methods: 44 disk-shaped specimens of each material (5mm diameter, 2mm depth) G-aenial Anterior, Harmonize, Asteria were prepared and divided into four groups according to the brushing cycles (Initial, 5000, 10000, and 20000 cycles). Initial surface roughness values (Ra-values) were assessed using a profilometer and measurements were repeated after each brushing cycle. 4 specimens from each composite resin were observed by scanning electron microscopy before and after brushing ...


A Comparison Of Four Different Methods Of Prediction Of Mesiodistal Widths Of Unerupted Permanent Canines And Premolars, Waqar Jeelani, Washma Asad, Maheen Ahmed 2022 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Bakhtawar Amin Medical and Dental College, Multan, Pakistan

A Comparison Of Four Different Methods Of Prediction Of Mesiodistal Widths Of Unerupted Permanent Canines And Premolars, Waqar Jeelani, Washma Asad, Maheen Ahmed

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The success of orthodontic treatment depends upon the accurate assessment of mesiodistal widths of unerupted canines and premolars in mixed dentition stage. There are several methods available for mixed dentition analysis with dubious reliability in our population. Objective: To statistically develop new prediction equations for Pakistani subjects to predict the widths of unerupted upper canines and premolars (U345) and lower canine and premolars (L345) using mesiodistal widths of lower incisors (I1I2) and lower incisors and first molars (I1I2M1) and compare their performance with previously established methods of Moyers and Tanaka-Johnston. Methods: Study was conducted using the data from the dental ...


Laypersons’ Perception Towards Gummy Smile And Facial Types: Acceptability And Treatment Benefit, Noraina Hafizan Norman, Anis Azyan Ahmad Othman, Nur Atiff Azhar, Tong Wah Lim, Zethy Hanum Mohamed Kassim, Sarah Haniza Abdul Ghani, Melati Mahmud 2022 Centre of Paediatric Dentistry and Orthodontic Studies, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Laypersons’ Perception Towards Gummy Smile And Facial Types: Acceptability And Treatment Benefit, Noraina Hafizan Norman, Anis Azyan Ahmad Othman, Nur Atiff Azhar, Tong Wah Lim, Zethy Hanum Mohamed Kassim, Sarah Haniza Abdul Ghani, Melati Mahmud

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Smile aesthetic perceptions could have different impact on orthodontic and prosthodontic treatment management and options to the patient. Objectives: To determine the laypersons’ smile aesthetic perceptions; irrespective of age and gender, of gummy smile and its treatment need and benefit on three different facial types. Methods: Smiling frontal photographs of a male and female subject were altered to simulate three facial types (brachyfacial, mesofacial and dolichofacial) with different levels of gummy smile increase from 2.0mm to 5.0mm. A total of 150 laypersons ranging from 18-45 years old were randomly approached to rate the photographs. Perceptions differences were assessed ...


Tripod Mandibular Advancement Surgery Used In A Class Ii Malocclusion With Receding Lower Jaw, Yu-Ting Wang, Yu-Ling Cheng, Ming-Jeaun Su, Huei-Mei Tsai, Yi-Min Liu 2022 Dr.Su's teamwork orthodontic center, Taipei, Taiwan

Tripod Mandibular Advancement Surgery Used In A Class Ii Malocclusion With Receding Lower Jaw, Yu-Ting Wang, Yu-Ling Cheng, Ming-Jeaun Su, Huei-Mei Tsai, Yi-Min Liu

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

This report concerns a relatively simple and reliable method of managing a case of maxillary dental malocclusion combined with a minor underdeveloped and receding mandible.

The chief complaint of the patient was crowded upper anterior teeth and receding chin. After a thorough examination, the patient was diagnosed with a relatively normal maxilla with a slightly small mandible. Impacted upper left canine and missing lower central incisors were noted.

The main treatment goal was to combine surgery and orthodontics to gain the most benefit of treatment. Tripod mandibular advancing surgery (TMAS) plus genioplasty was used as a single-jaw intervention. Orthodontic mechanotherapy ...


Body Mass Index And Diabetes Mellitus May Predict Poorer Overall Survival Of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients: A Retrospective Cohort From A Tertiary-Care Center Of A Resource-Limited Country, Yumna Adnan, Syed Muhammad Adnan Ali, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nida Zahid, Muhammad Ozair Awan, Hammad Afzal Kayani, Hasnain Ahmed Farooqui 2022 Aga Khan University

Body Mass Index And Diabetes Mellitus May Predict Poorer Overall Survival Of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients: A Retrospective Cohort From A Tertiary-Care Center Of A Resource-Limited Country, Yumna Adnan, Syed Muhammad Adnan Ali, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nida Zahid, Muhammad Ozair Awan, Hammad Afzal Kayani, Hasnain Ahmed Farooqui

Department of Surgery

Introduction: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the highest-ranking cancers among both genders in Pakistan. Obesity is linked to a much higher risk for developing multiple cancer types. Individuals with Diabetes mellitus (DM) face an increased risk for developing oral cancer. Hence, the objective of this study was to identify the effect of obesity and DM on the prognosis of OSCC patients.
Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis was conducted on 386 patients diagnosed and treated for OSCC at The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Patient information was obtained from hospital medical records. Obesity was defined as having ...


Evaluation Of Facial Soft Tissue Changes In Excessive Gingival Display Cases After Le Forte I Maxillary Impaction Surgery Using 3d Facial Surface Laser Scanner, Ahmed Mohamed Hazem Alshazly A.Al Shazly, Mostafa Mohamed sayed Taha, Ahmed Abdelmoniem Barakat, Mohamed Diaa Zein el Abdien 2022 Future University in Egypt

Evaluation Of Facial Soft Tissue Changes In Excessive Gingival Display Cases After Le Forte I Maxillary Impaction Surgery Using 3d Facial Surface Laser Scanner, Ahmed Mohamed Hazem Alshazly A.Al Shazly, Mostafa Mohamed Sayed Taha, Ahmed Abdelmoniem Barakat, Mohamed Diaa Zein El Abdien

Future Dental Journal

Introduction: Facial soft tissue changes in relation to hard tissue movements after orthognathic surgery cases is always of concern to patients , surgical and orthodontics teams. The aim of the present study was to assess facial soft tissue changes and stability using 3D facial laser scanner after orthognathic surgery Le Forte I maxillary impaction in excessive gingival display patients. Methods: The subjects consisted of 12 patients with skeletal vertical maxillary excess (VME) causing an aesthetic concern to the patients in the form of “Gummy smile”, who underwent LeFort I osteotomy with maxillary impaction, Three-dimensional images of the patients were acquired with ...


Knowledge And Awareness Regarding Uses Of Extracted Natural Tooth In Clinical Practice, Momina Anis Motiwala, Shizrah Jamal, Karshma Devi, Rabia Ghafoor 2022 Aga Khan University

Knowledge And Awareness Regarding Uses Of Extracted Natural Tooth In Clinical Practice, Momina Anis Motiwala, Shizrah Jamal, Karshma Devi, Rabia Ghafoor

Section of Dental-Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

Restoration of aesthetics is one the major patients’ concern in dentistry which may be disrupted due to tooth-loss secondary to trauma, or as part of orthodontic treatment or periodontal problem. A number of treatment options are available for the replacement of teeth, but they may be expensive, and time-consuming, involving artificial teeth. For immediate tooth replacement, patient’s own intentionally extracted or unintentionally avulsed tooth maybe used. The current narrative review was planned to discuss various techniques for the use of natural tooth pontic, which preserves the original contours, size and colour of the replaced tooth. Before using these teeth ...


Bonded Amalgam As A Fissure Sealant In Low-Income Setting: A Randomised Controlled Trial, Farhan Raza Khan, Samreen Liaquat, Ghazala Rafique, Syed Iqbal Azam, Arshad Hasan 2022 Aga Khan University

Bonded Amalgam As A Fissure Sealant In Low-Income Setting: A Randomised Controlled Trial, Farhan Raza Khan, Samreen Liaquat, Ghazala Rafique, Syed Iqbal Azam, Arshad Hasan

Section of Dental-Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

Objectives: To compare one year retention rate of bonded amalgam sealants (BAS) with that of conventional resin-based sealant (RBS).
Methods: It was a parallel group, equivalence, randomised controlled trial done during March 2018 to December 2019 at the dental clinics of Dow University of Health Sciences, and the Jinnah Sind Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan on children aged 12-16 years, who were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment groups (BAS vs. RBS). Complete retention of the sealant at one year follow-up was labeled as success. Multi-level mixed effect logistic regression model was employed. Study was registered at www.clinicaltrials ...


A Bibliometric Analysis Of The Studies On Dental Implant Failure, Farhan Raza Khan, Syed Murtaza Raza Kazmi, Yusra Fahim Siddiqui 2022 Aga Khan University

A Bibliometric Analysis Of The Studies On Dental Implant Failure, Farhan Raza Khan, Syed Murtaza Raza Kazmi, Yusra Fahim Siddiqui

Section of Dental-Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

Objective: To identify top 30 studies related to dental implant failures based on bibliometric analysis.
Methods: The bibliometric study was conducted at Aga Khan University, Karachi from April 2021 to June 2021 and comprised database search on Google Scholar used key words "dental implant failures" for studies published between 1990 and 2020. The selected studies were reviewed based on citation count for which the cut-off date was June 1, 2021.
Results: The top 30 papers on dental implant failures had median citation count of 153 (range: 41-1583. Most of the studies were retrospective 11(36.7%), followed by literature reviews ...


Radiographic Evaluation Of The Margins Of Clinically Acceptable Metal-Ceramic Crowns, Sheikh Bilal Badar, Kamil Zafar, Rabia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan 2022 Aga Khan University

Radiographic Evaluation Of The Margins Of Clinically Acceptable Metal-Ceramic Crowns, Sheikh Bilal Badar, Kamil Zafar, Rabia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan

Section of Dental-Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

Objective: To radiographically evaluate the proximal marginal fit of the clinically acceptable metal-ceramic crowns.
Methods: The prospective study was conducted at the dental clinics of Aga Khan University, Karachi, from July to December 2018, and comprised metal-ceramic crowns that were evaluated prior to the cementation. Clinical examinations were conducted by seating the crown on the tooth preparation and visual assessment was done using sharp explorer along the margins. Clinically acceptable crowns were then evaluated on the bite-wing radiograph. Any horizontal or vertical inaccuracy of >0.5mm at the proximal margins was recorded as 'discrepancy'. Data was analysed using SPSS 22 ...


Artificial Intelligence In Dentistry, Orthodontics And Orthognathic Surgery: A Literature Review, Tania Arshad Siddiqui, Rashna Hoshang Sukhia, Dinaz Ghandhi 2022 Foundation University

Artificial Intelligence In Dentistry, Orthodontics And Orthognathic Surgery: A Literature Review, Tania Arshad Siddiqui, Rashna Hoshang Sukhia, Dinaz Ghandhi

Section of Dental-Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

Artificial intelligence is the ability of machines to work like humans. The concept initially began with the advent of mathematical models which gave calculated outputs based on inputs fed into the system. This was later modified with the introduction of various algorithms which can either give output based on overall data analysis or by selection of information within previous data. It is steadily becoming a favoured mode of treatment due to its efficiency and ability to manage complex conditions in all specialities. In dentistry, artificial intelligence has also popularised over the past few decades. They have been found useful for ...


Navigating Through Our History In Research: An Altmetric Analysis For Publications By The Full-Time Operative Dentistry Faculty At The Aga Khan University Hospital In The Past Decade, Nighat Naveed, Fahad Umer 2022 Aga Khan University

Navigating Through Our History In Research: An Altmetric Analysis For Publications By The Full-Time Operative Dentistry Faculty At The Aga Khan University Hospital In The Past Decade, Nighat Naveed, Fahad Umer

Section of Dental-Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

Objective: To analyse the social dissemination of publications by fulltime faculty at a tertiary care facility.
Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised publication records of the fulltime Operative Dentistry faculty members between July 2011 till July 2021. The search was done on Google Scholar, Altmetric Explorer and PubMed electronic databases. After final screening, all the publications in PubMed-indexed journals, including in vitro studies, randomised controlled trials, original research articles, case reports and letters to the editor, for which the Altmetric Attention Score was available were included.
Results: Of the 225 publications ...


Immediate Loading Of 4 Guided Implants Supporting A Maxillary Overdenture Using A Novaloc Retention System, DoHeum Choi 2022 WVU School of Dentistry

Immediate Loading Of 4 Guided Implants Supporting A Maxillary Overdenture Using A Novaloc Retention System, Doheum Choi

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

The purpose of this study was to test the treatment concept of maxillary overdenture retained by four unsplinted implants placed using a flapless guided approach and immediate loading with Novaloc® attachments. Subjects with fully edentulous maxillae received 4 BLX implants (Roxolid®, SLActive®, 3.75mm diameter, Institut Straumann AG, Basel, Switzerland) to support an immediately loaded overdenture. Implants were connected with Novaloc® attachments (Institut Straumann AG, Basel, Switzerland) immediately following surgery if insertion torque (IT) reached 20 N/cm or above. The primary outcome variable was the radiographic bone level change at 6- and 12-months following implant placement. Secondary outcome variables ...


Antibacterial And Antibiofilm Efficacy Of Pineapple Hump (Ananas Comosus) On Porphyromonas Gingivalis In Vitro, Abdul Gani Soulissa, Billy Lombardo, Armelia Sari Widyarman 2021 Department of Periodontic, Faculty of Dentistry Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia

Antibacterial And Antibiofilm Efficacy Of Pineapple Hump (Ananas Comosus) On Porphyromonas Gingivalis In Vitro, Abdul Gani Soulissa, Billy Lombardo, Armelia Sari Widyarman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Background: Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent oral health problems in Indonesia that affects supporting tissues of the teeth. Porphyromonas gingivalis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. Alternative therapy with natural plant extracts, including pineapple (Ananas comosus) hump extract may inhibit the growth of bacteria that cause periodontal disease. Objective: To determine the effect of pineapple hump extract on bacterial growth and adhesion of Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilms. Method: The bacterial inhibition test was performed by the agar well diffusion method, and biofilm density measurements were made using the biofilm assay method. Results: Pineapple hump ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress