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Orthodontics and Orthodontology Commons

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Orthodontic Treatment Planning Using Direct Visual Approximation Of Arch Length Discrepancy And Cephalometric Analyses, Kathleen Rouse Vaught 2018 Marquette University

Orthodontic Treatment Planning Using Direct Visual Approximation Of Arch Length Discrepancy And Cephalometric Analyses, Kathleen Rouse Vaught

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: Space analysis and radiographic analyses are crucial elements in developing an orthodontic treatment plan. It is imperative that the orthodontist makes accurate measurements in order to come up with the most effective treatment options for each patient. Some practitioners refrain from direct measurements to determine arch length discrepancies and instead determine the amount of crowding by using direct visual approximation. In addition, more orthodontists do not routinely trace all cephalograms taken. If more and more orthodontists are using direct visual approximation to determine angular cephalometric measurements, it is important to assess the accuracy and reliability of these measurements. This ...


Orthodontic Open-Coil Spring Deactivation Forces Differ With Varying Activation Levels, Ryan Lubinsky 2018 Marquette University

Orthodontic Open-Coil Spring Deactivation Forces Differ With Varying Activation Levels, Ryan Lubinsky

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Coil springs are used in orthodontics to deliver forces to move teeth. However, the optimal amount of activation to produce predictable, continuous deactivation forces, for the purpose of orthodontic tooth movement, is unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the deactivation force characteristics of nickel-titanium open-coil springs after varying levels of activation. Methods: Four open-coil spring products were evaluated: Dentsply GAC 100 gram and 150 gram, Orthoclassic Orthodontics Medium 150 gram, and American Orthodontics nickel-titanium springs. Open-coil springs were compressed (activation) with a universal testing machine to 20, 40, 60, or 80% of original length (15 mm; n ...


Condylar Degeneration In Patients With Dental Open Bite Versus Skeletal Open Bite Utilizing Cbct, Alex Rauchle, Alston Trinh, Linda Phi, Brad Albertson, Joorok Park, Heesoo Oh 2018 University of the Pacific

Condylar Degeneration In Patients With Dental Open Bite Versus Skeletal Open Bite Utilizing Cbct, Alex Rauchle, Alston Trinh, Linda Phi, Brad Albertson, Joorok Park, Heesoo Oh

Excellence Day

Idiopathic condylar resorption (ICR) is a condition in which either one or both condyles undergo degeneration. Bilateral TMJ involvement presents as a clockwise rotation of the mandible in the posterior-inferior direction, resulting in an anterior open bite. The purpose of the study was to assess TMJ condylar degeneration in dental open bites compared to skeletal open bites.


Effect Of Folate On Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Caused By Hypoxia, Paul Kim, Shub Dhillon, Mahsa Mortazavi, Marie M. Tolarova, Mirek Tolar 2018 University of the Pacific

Effect Of Folate On Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Caused By Hypoxia, Paul Kim, Shub Dhillon, Mahsa Mortazavi, Marie M. Tolarova, Mirek Tolar

Excellence Day

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in the pathogenesis of congenital cardiac defects, intrauterine growth restriction, craniofacial anomalies, and many common diseases. The purpose of this study was to test if folic acid (FA) can mitigate ER stress or improve recovery of cells from ER stress.


Changes In Cephalometric Measurements In Adult Patients Following Orthodontic Treatment With Premolar Extractions Versus Non-Extraction, Byron Chou, David Dang, Adrienne Joy, David Chambers, Joorok Park, Heesoo Oh 2018 University of the Pacific

Changes In Cephalometric Measurements In Adult Patients Following Orthodontic Treatment With Premolar Extractions Versus Non-Extraction, Byron Chou, David Dang, Adrienne Joy, David Chambers, Joorok Park, Heesoo Oh

Excellence Day

Extraction of premolars is indicated as part of orthodontic treatment for patients who have severe crowding or protrusion of incisors. CBCT can be used to locate cephalometric landmarks in 3D. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are differences in sagittal, transverse, and vertical skeletal and dental dimensions for adult patients who were treated with premolar extractions in conjunction with orthodontic treatment compared to those who received orthodontic treatment without extractions.


Changes In Airway Volume In Adult Patients Following Orthodontic Treatment With Premolar Extractions Versus Non-Extraction, Sunny Jisun Lee, Allison Kawata, Hayoung Michael Shin, David Chambers, Joorok Park, Heesoo Oh 2018 University of the Pacific

Changes In Airway Volume In Adult Patients Following Orthodontic Treatment With Premolar Extractions Versus Non-Extraction, Sunny Jisun Lee, Allison Kawata, Hayoung Michael Shin, David Chambers, Joorok Park, Heesoo Oh

Excellence Day

Recent concerns about the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its negative sequelae have led to investigations of how manipulation of the dentofacial complex may affect airway problems. CBCT can be used to measure airway dimensions of patients. Extraction of premolars is indicated as part of orthodontic treatment for patients who have severe crowding or protrusion of incisors. Some have suggested that the reduction in arch circumference after premolar extraction would lead to decreased airway volume, which may predispose a patient for sleep disordered breathing (SDB). The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a significant ...


Rankl Deletion In Periodontal Ligament And Bone Lining Cells Blocks Orthodontic Tooth Movement, Chia-Ying Yang, Hyeran H. Jeon, Ahmed Alshabab, Yu Jin Lee, Chun-Hsi Chung 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Rankl Deletion In Periodontal Ligament And Bone Lining Cells Blocks Orthodontic Tooth Movement, Chia-Ying Yang, Hyeran H. Jeon, Ahmed Alshabab, Yu Jin Lee, Chun-Hsi Chung

Departmental Papers (Dental)

The bone remodeling process in response to orthodontic forces requires the activity of osteoclasts to allow teeth to move in the direction of the force applied. Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) is essential for this process although its cellular source in response to orthodontic forces has not been determined. Orthodontic tooth movement is considered to be an aseptic inflammatory process that is stimulated by leukocytes inclduing T and B lymphocytes which are presumed to stimulate bone resorption. We determined whether periodontal ligament and bone lining cells were an essential source of RANKL by tamoxifen induced deletion of RANKL ...


Authentic Leadership In Illness Blogs: What We Can Learn From Jaw Surgery Bloggers, Marilyn Mitchell 2018 Bond University

Authentic Leadership In Illness Blogs: What We Can Learn From Jaw Surgery Bloggers, Marilyn Mitchell

Marilyn Mitchell

This paper argues that authentic leadership theory provides a useful model for explaining the communication of orthognathic or jaw surgery bloggers. Previous studies concluded that illness blogs can empower patients, but no research considered any leadership theory as a model for blogging. For this study, 24 publicly available blogs were analyzed to find expressions that demonstrated each of the four components of authentic leadership, which are self-awareness, relational transparency, communication based upon an internalized moral perspective, and balanced processing of information. The research also analyzed blog comments to find expressions that demonstrated followers’ development of the positive psychological capacities of ...


Evaluation Of Fit For 3d Printed Retainers As Compared To Thermoform Retainers, David J. Cole 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Evaluation Of Fit For 3d Printed Retainers As Compared To Thermoform Retainers, David J. Cole

Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

EVALUATION OF FIT FOR 3D PRINTED RETAINERS AS COMPARED TO THERMOFORM RETAINERS

By David Cole, D.M.D.

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Dentistry at Virginia Commonwealth University

Thesis Directors: Eser Tüfekçi, D.D.S., M.S., Ph.D., M.S.H.A.

Professor, Department of Orthodontics

Sompop Bencharit, D.D.S., M.S., Ph.D.

Associate Professor and Director of Digital Dentistry, Department of General Practice

Introduction: Despite recent advances in three-dimensional (3D) printing, little information is available on 3D printed retainers

Methods: Three reference models ...


The Effect Of Mechanical Vibration On Pain And Rate Of Tooth Movement During Initial Orthodontic Alignment, Leslie Ellingson 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Effect Of Mechanical Vibration On Pain And Rate Of Tooth Movement During Initial Orthodontic Alignment, Leslie Ellingson

Theses & Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of mechanical vibration on pain experienced and rate of tooth movement (OTM) during the initial alignment phase of orthodontic treatment.

Materials and Methods: Participants were randomly allocated to control, low frequency or high frequency. An electric toothbrush was modified to provide high frequency vibration. A low frequency vibration device was acquired from a commercial vendor. Experimental groups applied vibration to the dentition for 20 minutes daily. All participants completed questionnaires using visual analog scales at five time points. Pain experience was measured in millimeters (mm) with the scale measuring ...


Aesthetic Outcome Of Maxillomandibular Advancement Surgery For The Treatment Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Jennifer Curran 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Aesthetic Outcome Of Maxillomandibular Advancement Surgery For The Treatment Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Jennifer Curran

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction:

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder in which complete or partial airway obstruction causes disruptive sleep and excessive daytime sleepiness. Highly successful treatment outcomes for OSA utilizing maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery have been reported. However, due to the large degree of surgical advancement that is performed, concerns may exist regarding the final aesthetic result.

Objectives:

To evaluate facial profile changes in patients treated for OSA with MMA surgery utilizing panels of oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS), orthodontists (ORTHO) and laypeople (LAY).

Methods:

This was a retrospective cohort analysis. Pre- and post-treatment silhouettes of patients who underwent ...


Friction Testing Of Contemporary Self-Ligating Appliance Systems, Michael Greene 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Friction Testing Of Contemporary Self-Ligating Appliance Systems, Michael Greene

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: Resistance to tooth movement is multifactorial, with friction (FR) one of many important components. There is limited data comparing contemporary Passive and Active self-ligating bracket (SLB) systems in terms of FR created by archwire engagement. Aim: To compare classical FR in contemporary SLB systems and traditional twin brackets in vitro, and to identify the point of initiation of bracket-archwire engagement. Materials & Methods: Nine bracket systems of .022-in slot size were FR tested: Victory Series (3M Unitek) with elastic ligature (control); Passive SLB systems Damon Q (Ormco), Carriere SLX (Henry Schein), H4 (Ortho Classic), Altitude SL (Rocky Mountain Orthodontics, RMO), and Empower2 Passive (American Orthodontics, AO); Active SLB systems Victory Series SL (3M Unitek), Speed (Speed System Orthodontics), and ...


Binding Of Salivary Proteins To Orthodontic Brackets, Maria Pia Canales 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Binding Of Salivary Proteins To Orthodontic Brackets, Maria Pia Canales

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Objectives:
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different orthodontic materials on the formation of the protein pellicle on the bracket surface.

Materials and Methods: We used X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) to analyze the atomic composition of orthodontic metallic and ceramic brackets. Following XPS, the brackets were immersed in human whole saliva supernatant for 2-hour incubation at 37°C. Hydroxyapatite (HA) discs were used as control. Acquired pellicle was harvested with sonication for each group, and liquid chromatography electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry was used for protein identification.

Results: Differences reported by XPS and mass spectrometry were ...


Foxo1 Deletion In Keratinocytes Improves Diabetic Wound Healing Through Mmp9 Regulation, Chenying Zhang, Jason Lim, Hyeran H. Jeon, Fanxing Xu, Chen Tian, Fang Miao, Alhassan Hameedaldeen, Dana T. Graves 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Foxo1 Deletion In Keratinocytes Improves Diabetic Wound Healing Through Mmp9 Regulation, Chenying Zhang, Jason Lim, Hyeran H. Jeon, Fanxing Xu, Chen Tian, Fang Miao, Alhassan Hameedaldeen, Dana T. Graves

Departmental Papers (Dental)

Keratinocyte migration is a key aspect of re-epithelialization during wound healing. Matric metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) contributes to this process and deificiencies in the MMP9 lead to impaired healing. Inappropriate expression of MMP9 also contributes to impaired re-epithelialization. Previously we demonstrated that FOXO1 was activated in wound healing but to higher levels in diabetic wounds. To address mechanisms of impaired re-epithelialization we examined MMP0 expression in vivo in full thickness dermal scalp wounds creared in experimental K14.Cre+.Foxo1L/L mice with lineage-specific Cre recombinase deletion of floxed FOXO1 and compared the results to control littermates. MMP9 was induced during ...


Prediction Of Root Form Using Crown Data: Mandibular Left First Premolar, Matthew E. Durschlag 2017 Loma Linda University

Prediction Of Root Form Using Crown Data: Mandibular Left First Premolar, Matthew E. Durschlag

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine if a statistical shape model (SSM) of the lower left first premolar, consisting of both crown and root data, could adequately describe the root form from a surface scan consisting of only crown data. Secondly, it tested if there were any angles or measurements on the tooth crown that correlate with any aspects of root morphology. The average orthodontist practicing today or in the near future is likely to use or own a digital intraoral scanner in their office. Yet optical scans only allow visualization of the crowns of teeth and ...


Factors Associated With Orthodontically Induced Apical Root Resorption Of Maxillary Incisors, Brandon Malan 2017 Loma Linda University

Factors Associated With Orthodontically Induced Apical Root Resorption Of Maxillary Incisors, Brandon Malan

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Introduction: Resorption of root apices is a ubiquitous occurrence in orthodontic treatment. Although most occurrence of resorption during orthodontic treatment is clinically inconsequential, a small percentage of patients have a severe amount of root structure that is lost. There are factors that are widely accepted as responsible for apical root resorption (RR), such as heavy compressive forces on the periodontal ligament (PDL). Unfortunately, it is still largely unpredictable if one patient will experience more root loss than what is considered normal. Thus, it is of clinical interest to further study what factors play a role in RR. Purpose: The purpose ...


Effects Of Wire Material, Deflection, And Interbracket Distance On Burstone Bracket Geometry Force Systems, Skyler J. Liatti 2017 Loma Linda University

Effects Of Wire Material, Deflection, And Interbracket Distance On Burstone Bracket Geometry Force Systems, Skyler J. Liatti

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Objective. This paper aims to quantify the effect of wire material, dimension, and deflection on the most identifiable feature of the six-geometries: the moment dissociation point (force system with no moment on the lesser angled bracket), which may or may not occur at the classically defined geometry IV. Materials and Methods. A six-degree of freedom load cell was used to measure the force systems in different combinations of wire materials, wire dimensions, total angle of bracket, and interbracket distance. Brackets were progressively rotated through Burstone and Koenig’s six geometries and the moment on the right bracket was plotted against ...


Comparison Of Tooth Length Measurements Made On Cbct And 3t Mr Images, Danielle A. Piano 2017 Loma Linda University

Comparison Of Tooth Length Measurements Made On Cbct And 3t Mr Images, Danielle A. Piano

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Objective: The aim of this study is to compare tooth length measurements made on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans and 3-Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance (MR) scans. Materials and Methods: One CBCT scan (NewTom5G, AFP Imaging, USA) and one 3T MR scan (Siemens Medical Solutions, DE) as performed on 12 subjects. CBCT images were captured with an 18x16 inch field of view that covered the whole head. Contiguous sagittal MR images of the whole head were produced in a 3.0T imaging system with a T1-weighted 3D imaging sequence (Magnetization Prepared Rapid Acquisition by Gradient Echo (MP-RAGE), TP/TE = 1950 ...


Mesenchymal Stem Cell (Msc) Spheroid Constructs Containing Microfluidic Bmp2-Plga Microcapsules In Bone Tissue Engineering., Bhavendrasinh Sayania 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Mesenchymal Stem Cell (Msc) Spheroid Constructs Containing Microfluidic Bmp2-Plga Microcapsules In Bone Tissue Engineering., Bhavendrasinh Sayania

Dental Theses

Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is a clinically available osteogenic growth factor. In its current form, approved for clinical use, however, the growth factor is delivered in excessively high doses, resulting in unpredictable bone growth and unwanted clinical side effects. In this study, we evaluated a novel system, slow-release hybrid delivery system for PLGA- rhBMP-2 microcapusles in combination with BM MSC spheroids, and assess if it can lead to improved BMP-derived bone formation. The first aim of this study is to evaluate the osteogenicity of 3D cell spheroids as compared to 2D cultured cells, as we used primary cells ...


Thermal Properties Of Commonly Used Clear Aligner Systems As-Received And After Clinical Use, Louis Wenger 2017 Marquette University

Thermal Properties Of Commonly Used Clear Aligner Systems As-Received And After Clinical Use, Louis Wenger

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Background/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the thermal properties, particularly glass transition temperature, of the polymers that are used to fabricate three different types of modern orthodontic aligners. Invisalign, (Align Technology, Inc, Santa Clara, CA, USA), Simpli5 (Allesee Orthodontic Appliances, Sturtevant, WI, USA), and ClearCorrect (ClearCorrect, Round Rock, TX, USA) were examined both as-received and after clinical use to determine if any differences were present both between and within aligners. Materials/Methods: Orthodontic aligners were collected from three different patients using the systems under investigation after two weeks of intraoral use. Duplicate, un-used samples were obtained ...


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