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Endodontics and Endodontology Commons

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Factors Effecting Survival Of Teeth With Nonsurgical Root Canal Therapy Including A Multi-State Outcome Analysis, Alex Moore 2018 Marquette University

Factors Effecting Survival Of Teeth With Nonsurgical Root Canal Therapy Including A Multi-State Outcome Analysis, Alex Moore

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Objective: To study the factors effecting the survival of teeth with non-surgical root canal therapy (NS-RCT) and to compare the transitions between failure states for teeth treated with NS-RCT based on initial provider type. Methods: Insurance claims were analyzed for 438,487 initial NS-RCT procedures to determine the effect of provider type, patient age, tooth position, presence of post/core, and crown at 90 days on tooth survival. Kaplan Meier survival estimates were evaluated for 1, 3, 5, and 10 years and adjusted hazard ratios (aHR’s) were calculated. A multi-state model with six transitions was created using the ‘mstate ...


Change In Working Length At Different Stages Of Instrumentation As A Function Of Canal Curvature, Mei Tang, Garry L. Myers, Richard D. Archer, Al M. Best 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Change In Working Length At Different Stages Of Instrumentation As A Function Of Canal Curvature, Mei Tang, Garry L. Myers, Richard D. Archer, Al M. Best

Graduate Research Posters

The aim of this study was to determine the change in working length (∆WL) before and after coronal flaring and after complete rotary instrumentation as a function of canal curvature. One mesiobuccal or mesiolingual canal from each of 43 extracted molars had coronal standardization and access performed. Once the access was completed, canal preparation was accomplished using Gates Glidden drills for coronal flaring and EndoSequence files for rotary instrumentation. WLs were obtained at 3 time points: pre-instrumentation (unflared), mid-instrumentation (flared) and post-instrumentation (concluded). Measurements were made via direct visualization (DV) and the CanalPro apex locator (EM) in triplicate by a ...


Change In Working Length At Different Stages Of Instrumentation As A Function Of Canal Curvature, Mei Tang 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Change In Working Length At Different Stages Of Instrumentation As A Function Of Canal Curvature, Mei Tang

Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this study was to determine the change in working length (∆WL) before and after coronal flaring and after complete rotary instrumentation as a function of canal curvature. One mesiobuccal or mesiolingual canal from each of 43 extracted molars had coronal standardization and access performed. Once the access was completed, canal preparation was accomplished using Gates Glidden drills for coronal flaring and EndoSequence files for rotary instrumentation. WLs were obtained at 3 time points: pre-instrumentation (unflared), mid-instrumentation (flared) and post-instrumentation (concluded). Measurements were made via direct visualization (DV) and the CanalPro apex locator (EM) in triplicate by a ...


The Effect Of Instrumentation Taper On Dentin Conservation, Megan E. Green 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Effect Of Instrumentation Taper On Dentin Conservation, Megan E. Green

Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: The aim of this in vitro study was two part. The first being to assess and compare the amount of dentin removed by an instrument with a taper of 0.04 versus an instrument with a taper of 0.06 using the Edge Evolve® file system at different increments within the canal system. Secondly, this study evaluated whether instrumentation with either taper resulted in a remaining dentin thickness (RDT) of less than 0.3mm. If this RDT was imposed upon, fracture resistance was compromised. Both pre and post instrumentation measurements were taken of samples instrumented with the 0.04 ...


Potential Antimicrobial Methods For Provisionalizing Teeth After Endodontic Treatment, Laura T. Garden 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Potential Antimicrobial Methods For Provisionalizing Teeth After Endodontic Treatment, Laura T. Garden

Theses and Dissertations

POTENTIAL ANTIMICROBIAL METHODS FOR PROVISIONALIZING TEETH AFTER ENDODONTIC TREATMENT

By Laura T. Garden, DDS

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Dentistry at Virginia Commonwealth University.

Virginia Commonwealth University, 2018

Thesis Advisor: Garry Myers, DDS

Department of Endodontics

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of a Chlorhexidine soaked cotton pellet on bacterial leakage.

Methods: Fifty-one extracted teeth, including six controls, were instrumented, obturated, and sealed with either a cotton pellet (CP), 2% Chlorhexidine soaked cotton pellet (CHX), or a Permaflo orifice barrier (OB). Each root was suspended between two chambers: the ...


Clinical Cases In Endodontics; Chapter 1: Introduction, Takashi Komabayashi 2017 The University of New England

Clinical Cases In Endodontics; Chapter 1: Introduction, Takashi Komabayashi

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

Chapter 1 of Clinical Cases in Endodontics, a problem-based text that presents a wide range of real cases in endodontics. Clinical Cases in Endodontics presents actual clinical cases, accompanied by academic commentary, that question and educate the reader about essential topics in endodontic therapy. It begins with sets of cases illustrating the most common diagnoses and the steps involved in preparing a treatment plan. Subsequent chapters continue in this style, presenting exemplary cases as the basis of discussing various treatment options, including nonsurgical root canal treatment, re-treatment, periapical surgery, internal and external resorption, emergencies and trauma, and treating incompletely developed ...


Viability Of Human Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts After Time In Tooth Storage Media, Scott MacDonald 2017 Marquette University

Viability Of Human Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts After Time In Tooth Storage Media, Scott Macdonald

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Periodontal ligament cell viability at the time of tooth replantation is of utmost importance for proper repair of the damaged tissues (1). Multiple different options are currently available for storage of an avulsed tooth. The goal of this study was to investigate new storage media and evaluate their ability to maintain cell viability over time. Materials and Methods: Cultured human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (hPDLF) were seeded on 96-well plates. These cells were exposed to different storage media including: Hank’s Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS), EMT Toothsaver (EMT), Save-A-Tooth (SAT), trehalose (T300), cell culture media, water, and different formulations of HBSS ...


Survival Rates Of Primary Endodontic Therapy Following Core/Post And Crown Placement, Kandace Yee 2017 Marquette University

Survival Rates Of Primary Endodontic Therapy Following Core/Post And Crown Placement, Kandace Yee

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: The objective of this study was to determine if a correlation exists between the time to core or post and core (core/post) placement following non-surgical root canal therapy (NS RCT), the time to crown placement following core/post placement, and the incidence of an untoward event. Materials and Methods: Utilizing the Delta Dental of Wisconsin Insurance Database, information was analyzed from 476,479 initial NS RCT procedures. Of these teeth, 160,040 had a core/post and a crown placed before the end of the continuous coverage period or occurrence of an untoward event. Untoward events were defined ...


Qmix 2in1 And Naoci Precipitate: Documentation, Identification, And Exothermic Reaction, Gordon L. Barkley III 2017 Marquette University

Qmix 2in1 And Naoci Precipitate: Documentation, Identification, And Exothermic Reaction, Gordon L. Barkley Iii

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: The aim of this study was to document and identify precipitate formation and exothermic reaction caused when mixing NaOCl and QMiX. Methods: Photography captured time-dependent changes when mixing NaOCl and QMiX at; 0 seconds, 30 seconds, 1 minute, 30 minutes, 1 hour, and 24 hours. A differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) was utilized in determination of heat flow while analyzing temperature change (°C), enthalpy (mJ), and time (seconds) for NaOCl with QMiX and NaOCl with 2% chlorhexidine (CHX). 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and 2D NMR (DOSY) spectroscopy analyzed precipitation formed from NaOCl and QMiX. Results: Digital photography documented immediate ...


Prevalence And Clinical Characteristics Of Teeth Extracted With A Diagnosis Of Cracked Tooth: A Retrospective Study, Riley B. Sturgill 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Prevalence And Clinical Characteristics Of Teeth Extracted With A Diagnosis Of Cracked Tooth: A Retrospective Study, Riley B. Sturgill

Theses and Dissertations

The body of knowledge that exists regarding cracked teeth is limited. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of cracks among extracted teeth. This retrospective longitudinal cohort study included patients of the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Dentistry that underwent extraction procedures over a 6 year period. The sample consisted of 20,408 patients and 40,870 teeth. Statistical analysis software was used to identify diagnoses of a crack, fracture, or split tooth prior to extraction of the tooth by analyzing the Electronic Health Record (EHR) (axiUm™, Version 6.03.03.1035, Exan Corporation, Vancouver, BC, Canada ...


Evaluation Of Volumetric Change Of Periapical Lesions After Apicoectomy As A Measure Of Postsurgical Healing Utilizing Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Eshwar Arasu 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Evaluation Of Volumetric Change Of Periapical Lesions After Apicoectomy As A Measure Of Postsurgical Healing Utilizing Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Eshwar Arasu

Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether volumetric changes in persistent periapical lesions can be detected in follow-ups six months to five years after apicoectomy using cone-beam computed tomography. Patients with a previous treatment history of apicoectomy and for whom a pre-surgical CBCT scan was taken between November 2010 and December 2015 were invited to participate in the study. A post-surgical CBCT image of the treated tooth was obtained at the recall visit. Volumetric and linear measurements of periapical lesions on initial and postoperative CBCT images were performed using DiThreshGUI software and two calibrated examiners—a board-certified endodontist ...


A Comparative Study Of Intraradicular Enterococcus Faecalis Biofilm Removal With Three Root Canal Treatment Systems: A Scanning Electron Microscopy Evaluation, Cyrous Ardalan 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

A Comparative Study Of Intraradicular Enterococcus Faecalis Biofilm Removal With Three Root Canal Treatment Systems: A Scanning Electron Microscopy Evaluation, Cyrous Ardalan

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this study was to evaluate the biofilm removal efficacy of three root canal treatment systems: ProUltra® PiezoFlow™, traditional needle irrigation, and the GentleWave® system in an ex-vivo benchtop study. Twenty-four extracted maxillary and mandibular molars were selected. Teeth were all instrumented to a master apical file size #25 with 4% taper. Teeth were then randomly divided into four experimental groups and two control groups. The root canals were inoculated with a culture of Enterococcus faecalis and incubated for five weeks to form a biofilm. Each group was then treated with one of the different root canal treatment ...


The Prevalence, Predictive Factors, And Classification Of Intrapulpal Cracks In Maxillary Molars Requiring Endodontic Treatment, husain karashi 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Prevalence, Predictive Factors, And Classification Of Intrapulpal Cracks In Maxillary Molars Requiring Endodontic Treatment, Husain Karashi

Theses and Dissertations

Diagnosis and treatment of teeth with longitudinal fractures is challenging. Cracks are usually not visible radiographically; they require a thorough evaluation to aid in diagnosis. Patients may be asymptomatic, demanding the dentist rely on clinical findings to make a diagnosis. Early diagnosis of the presence and extent of a crack is essential for the successful management of a cracked tooth. There is limited information in the literature regarding the prevalence or predictive factors of cracks extending into the pulp chamber of teeth. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of intrapulpal cracks in maxillary molars and to ...


Torsion And Bending Properties Of Edgeendo Files, Chad Hansen 2016 Marquette University

Torsion And Bending Properties Of Edgeendo Files, Chad Hansen

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: One important step of root canal therapy is the process of cleaning and shaping each canal. This process involves using endodontic rotary files combined with chemical irrigants to remove pulpal remnants and infected dentin from the canal while eliminating pathogenic bacteria. It is essential to maintain proper canal anatomy while cleaning and shaping. The challenge for the practitioner is to select a rotary file system that will be flexible enough to maintain canal anatomy but strong enough to prevent breakage under normal use. File flexibility allows for better maintenance of canal anatomy. A file’s resistance to torsional fatigue ...


Outcomes Of Primary Endodontic Therapy Provided By Endodontic Specialists Compared To Other Providers, Jacob Burry 2016 Marquette University

Outcomes Of Primary Endodontic Therapy Provided By Endodontic Specialists Compared To Other Providers, Jacob Burry

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of initial non-surgical root canal therapy (NSRCT) for different tooth types provided by both endodontists and other providers. Methods: Using an insurance company database, 487,476 initial NSRCT procedures were followed from the time of treatment to the presence of an untoward event indicated by Current Dental Terminology (CDT) codes for retreatment, apical surgery, or extraction. Population demographics were computed for provider type and tooth location. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates were calculated for 1, 5, and 10 years. Hazard ratios for provider type and tooth location were calculated using the ...


Viability Of Human Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts After Storage In Save-A-Tooth, Emt Toothsaver And Hank's Balanced Salt Solution, Wonhee Lee 2016 Marquette University

Viability Of Human Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts After Storage In Save-A-Tooth, Emt Toothsaver And Hank's Balanced Salt Solution, Wonhee Lee

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: Viability of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells is a key prognostic factor fora replanted tooth following avulsion. Dehydration results death of PDL cells, which inturn causes ankylosis upon replantation, followed by replacement resorption.Hank’s Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS) has been recommended as the standardstorage medium for an avulsed tooth. Save-A-Tooth and EMT Toothsaver (Dentosafe)are commercially available tooth storage media. With the best of our knowledge no studyhas yet compared these media for their effective tooth storage times. The aim of this invitro study is to evaluate Save-A-Tooth, EMT Toothsaver (Dentosafe), and HBSS fortheir effect on the viability of ...


Penn Endo Surgical Documentation Guidelines, Bekir Karabucak 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Penn Endo Surgical Documentation Guidelines, Bekir Karabucak

Departmental Papers (Dental)

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Treatment Planning Decisions When Combining Cbct And Digital Radiography Verses Digital Radiography Alone, McKay Barlow Packer 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Comparison Of Treatment Planning Decisions When Combining Cbct And Digital Radiography Verses Digital Radiography Alone, Mckay Barlow Packer

Theses and Dissertations

Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is the recommended imaging modality of choice for evaluating previous endodontic treatment (1). The aim of this study was to compare treatment planning decisions made when evaluating previous endodontic treatment to determine if treatment planned and projected prognosis differs when digital radiography is used alone or in combination with CBCT. A retrospective chart review was conducted. Patients for whom a CBCT was taken were included in the study. Twenty-eight patients qualified. Patient’s periapical digital radiographs (Dexis©) were evaluated by 2 calibrated endodontists, a treatment plan was identified and a prognosis was projected. Later the ...


Analysis Of Radiographic Changes Associated With The Periradicular Diagnosis Of Symptomatic Apical Periodontitis, Preeti Batra 2016 VCU

Analysis Of Radiographic Changes Associated With The Periradicular Diagnosis Of Symptomatic Apical Periodontitis, Preeti Batra

Theses and Dissertations

Symptomatic apical periodontitis (SAP) is indicative of inflammation of the periodontal ligament. It may or may not be accompanied by radiographic changes and may occur with vital or necrotic pulpal diagnosis. Purpose of this study was to analyze clinical and radiographic presentations of SAP in a retrospective electronic dental chart and digital radiograph review utilizing the endodontic diagnostic template note of predoctoral dental school patients presenting with SAP. The aim was to determine prevalence of periapical radiolucencies (PARLs) in SAP, association of SAP to pulpal diagnosis, and define associated radiographic changes. Most prevalent pulpal diagnosis with SAP was symptomatic irreversible ...


Assessment Of Changes In The Size Of Periapical Radiolucencies 3-12 Months Post Non-Surgical Root Canal Treatment Using Cbct Imaging: A Pilot Study, Jeremy W. Fike DDS 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Assessment Of Changes In The Size Of Periapical Radiolucencies 3-12 Months Post Non-Surgical Root Canal Treatment Using Cbct Imaging: A Pilot Study, Jeremy W. Fike Dds

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess the changes in size of periapical lesions 3-12 months following root canal treatment using CBCT. Patients who had non-surgical root canal therapy (NSRCT) or non-surgical retreatment (ReTx) from July 30,2014 to August 19, 2015 with a periapical lesion of endodontic origin and received NSRCT or ReTx and had a pre-treatment or intra-treatment CBCT were invited to participate. Volumetric and linear measurements of periapical lesions on initial and post- treatment CBCT images were performed. A total of 20 patients with 23 treated teeth with 30 separate periapical radiolucent lesions returned for follow ...


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