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Endodontics and Endodontology Commons

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Evaluation Of Apical Debris Extrusion Of Two Full-Rotating Instruments, Hyflex Edm And Race Evo, Versus Two Reciprocating Instruments, Reciproc Blue And R-Motion: An In-Vitro Study., Carla Abi Saad, Roula Abiad 2022 Postgraduate Student. Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University

Evaluation Of Apical Debris Extrusion Of Two Full-Rotating Instruments, Hyflex Edm And Race Evo, Versus Two Reciprocating Instruments, Reciproc Blue And R-Motion: An In-Vitro Study., Carla Abi Saad, Roula Abiad

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Complete cleaning and shaping of the root canal space is a mandatory stage for the success of root canal treatment. Extrusion of different materials apically during this step such as dentine debris, pulp tissue remnants, necrotic fragments, microorganisms and irrigants may occur. These extruded materials lead to periapical irritation, pain and/or swelling. To evaluate the apical debris extrusion of Race EVO and Hyflex EDM which are full-rotating instruments, versus R-motion and Reciproc Blue as reciprocating instruments. Forty extracted human mandibular premolar teeth were selected with single canals not affected by fluorosis, resorption, or fracture. Teeth were then randomly divided ...


Different Irrigant Activation Techniques In Removing Dentin Debris: An In-Vitro Study, Maya T. Eter, Roula S. Abiad 2022 Master Student in Endodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Different Irrigant Activation Techniques In Removing Dentin Debris: An In-Vitro Study, Maya T. Eter, Roula S. Abiad

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

During endodontic treatment, the efficiency of irrigation depends on two criteria: the antimicrobial and dissolving properties of the irrigation solution and the delivery system used that dictates the flushing action of the irrigant and consequently enable it to reach complex areas. The purpose of this in-vitro study was to compare the cleaning efficiency of EDDY sonic activation with needle irrigation and passive ultrasonic activation regarding elimination of dentin debris. Forty single rooted extracted teeth were instrumented and then were split in bucco-lingual direction. A longitudinal groove was performed in the inner surface of one root half of each tooth. Grooves ...


Evaluation Of The Effect Of Two Polishing Techniques And Thermocycling Process On Surface Roughness, Hardness, And Color Stability Of Composites, Muhammet Fidan, Zeynep Dereli 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Usak University, Usak, Turkey

Evaluation Of The Effect Of Two Polishing Techniques And Thermocycling Process On Surface Roughness, Hardness, And Color Stability Of Composites, Muhammet Fidan, Zeynep Dereli

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two polishing techniques and 10.000 thermocycles on the color stability, surface roughness, and hardness of two nanohybrid (Tetric N-Ceram, Escom100) and one bulkfill (Filtek) resin composites. Methods: A total of 60 specimens were prepared using three resin composites and 20 discs from each composite. Specimens for each composite were randomly divided into two different polishing groups (Optrapol rubber and Sof-Lex discs) (n=10). Surface roughness (Ra, μm), microhardness (VHN), and color change (ΔE00) values were measured pre- and post-thermocycling. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to ...


Comparison Of The Accuracies Of Cbct, Radiography, And Four Electronic Apex Locators In Working Length Determination, Merve Yeniçeri Özata, Seda Falakaloğlu, Sadullah Kaya 2022 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Dicle University, Diyarbakır 21280, Turkey

Comparison Of The Accuracies Of Cbct, Radiography, And Four Electronic Apex Locators In Working Length Determination, Merve Yeniçeri Özata, Seda Falakaloğlu, Sadullah Kaya

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: One of the significant stages during endodontic procedures is determining the correct working length (WL). This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of four electronic apex locators (EALs) (Root ZX mini, Raypex 6, Propex Pixi, and E-Pex Pro) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and radiographic measurement in determining the actual WL (A-WL).

Methods: Thirty extracted single-root mandibular premolars were selected and flattened at the crown. The WL was determined by advancing the #15 K file until its tip was visible from the apical, and the A-WL was established by subtracting 0.5 mm from this length. The WL was ...


Salivary Iga Depression In Drug-Influenced Gingival Enlargement Among Hypertensive Patients, Muhammad Annurdin Sabarudin, Haslina Taib, Wan Majdiah Wan Mohamad, Siti Lailatul Akmar Zainuddin, Wan Syamimee Wan Ghazali, Ahmad Azhar Misran 2022 Department of Periodontology and Community Oral Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Jalan Pandan Utama, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Salivary Iga Depression In Drug-Influenced Gingival Enlargement Among Hypertensive Patients, Muhammad Annurdin Sabarudin, Haslina Taib, Wan Majdiah Wan Mohamad, Siti Lailatul Akmar Zainuddin, Wan Syamimee Wan Ghazali, Ahmad Azhar Misran

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Drug-influenced gingival enlargement (DIGE) among hypertensive patients is commonly associated with antihypertensive drugs such as calcium channel blockers (CCBs). Immune response alteration is one of the proposed mechanisms for DIGE. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) in saliva which involves in defense mechanism was shown to be affected in patients with DIGE. Objective: This study aimed to determine the association of salivary IgA level with DIGE. Methods: This cross-sectional study comprised 47 hypertensive patients who had consumed antihypertensive drugs for at least 3 months. Twenty-one (44.7%) males and 26 (55.3%) females had participated in this study. Data was analyzed using SPSS ...


Endodontic Management Of Mandibular First Molar With Four Roots - A Rare Case Report With Clinical Management Guidelines, Shaikh Shahbaz, Huma Iftekhar, Sharique Alam, Zehra Shavez 2022 Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

Endodontic Management Of Mandibular First Molar With Four Roots - A Rare Case Report With Clinical Management Guidelines, Shaikh Shahbaz, Huma Iftekhar, Sharique Alam, Zehra Shavez

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Mandibular molar is usually two rooted with one mesial and one distal root. Additional roots are rare which requires accurate diagnosis and a methodical and scrupulous endodontic treatment. Objective: This paper aims to report the endodontic management of an unusual case of a mandibular permanent first molar with four roots (two mesial & two distal) and provide a clinical guideline to detect and manage these variant cases. Case report: A 15-year-old boy reported with a deep carious lesion in the lower left first molar (#36). The apical root contour of #36 on an intraoral periapical radiograph taken in different angulations suggested ...


Management Of Severe Localized Periodontal Destruction Associated With A Cemental Defect: A Case Report, Nik Madihah Nik Azis, Nurulhuda Mohd 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Management Of Severe Localized Periodontal Destruction Associated With A Cemental Defect: A Case Report, Nik Madihah Nik Azis, Nurulhuda Mohd

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

This case involved the management of a possible cemental tear, which resulted in poor response to nonsurgical periodontal therapy. This case was managed by exploratory surgery, along with the intention to surgically reduce the periodontal pocket. Exploratory surgery revealed a localized cemental defect. The periodontium healed with pocket closure after exploratory surgery and open-flap debridement. The difficulty in clinically diagnosing a localized periodontal destruction and the lack of consensus on managing these cases were highlighted. The possibility of an undiagnosed cemental defect in a tooth with localized periodontitis should be considered in cases not responding to periodontal therapy.


Effect Of Brushing Time With A Whitening Dentifrice On Surface Roughness Of Anterior Composite Resins, Ahmet Hazar, Sinem Akgül, Sibel Koçak, Mustafa Murat Koçak 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, Turkey

Effect Of Brushing Time With A Whitening Dentifrice On Surface Roughness Of Anterior Composite Resins, Ahmet Hazar, Sinem Akgül, Sibel Koçak, Mustafa Murat Koçak

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the surface roughness of three anterior composite resins with different filler size, rate, and shape after brushing for 5000, 10000, and 20000 cycles with a whitening dentifrice. Methods: 44 disk-shaped specimens of each material (5mm diameter, 2mm depth) G-aenial Anterior, Harmonize, Asteria were prepared and divided into four groups according to the brushing cycles (Initial, 5000, 10000, and 20000 cycles). Initial surface roughness values (Ra-values) were assessed using a profilometer and measurements were repeated after each brushing cycle. 4 specimens from each composite resin were observed by scanning electron microscopy before and after brushing ...


A Comparison Of Four Different Methods Of Prediction Of Mesiodistal Widths Of Unerupted Permanent Canines And Premolars, Waqar Jeelani, Washma Asad, Maheen Ahmed 2022 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Bakhtawar Amin Medical and Dental College, Multan, Pakistan

A Comparison Of Four Different Methods Of Prediction Of Mesiodistal Widths Of Unerupted Permanent Canines And Premolars, Waqar Jeelani, Washma Asad, Maheen Ahmed

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The success of orthodontic treatment depends upon the accurate assessment of mesiodistal widths of unerupted canines and premolars in mixed dentition stage. There are several methods available for mixed dentition analysis with dubious reliability in our population. Objective: To statistically develop new prediction equations for Pakistani subjects to predict the widths of unerupted upper canines and premolars (U345) and lower canine and premolars (L345) using mesiodistal widths of lower incisors (I1I2) and lower incisors and first molars (I1I2M1) and compare their performance with previously established methods of Moyers and Tanaka-Johnston. Methods: Study was conducted using the data from the dental ...


The Effects Of Two Instrumentation Techniques For Vdw.Rotate Instruments On The Apical Extrusion Of Debris And Irrigants: An In Vitro Study, Seda Falakaloğlu, Merve Yeniçeri Özata, Emre İriboz 2022 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Afyonkarahisar Health Sciences University, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey

The Effects Of Two Instrumentation Techniques For Vdw.Rotate Instruments On The Apical Extrusion Of Debris And Irrigants: An In Vitro Study, Seda Falakaloğlu, Merve Yeniçeri Özata, Emre İriboz

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: This study compared the amount of apically extruded debris and irrigant using VDW.ROTATE instruments with different kinematics (continuous rotation and reciprocation motion) and the ProTaper Gold system. Methods: Sixty extracted mandibular premolar teeth were selected. The teeth were prepared for the agar gel model. The roots were randomly divided into three groups (n=20). In two groups, the root canals were instrumented using the following movement kinematics: VDW.ROTATE reciprocation motion and continuous rotation. In the other group, root canals were prepared with ProTaper Gold. Apically extruded debris and irrigant during instrumentation were collected into preweighed Eppendorf tubes ...


Evaluation Of Remaining Dentin Thickness After Manual And Rotary Instrumentation In Primary Molars Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography. (An In-Vitro Study), Nada Ashraf Eldemery, Osama Elshehawy, Rania Abdulla Nasr, Mahmoud Mohammed Badr 2022 Future university in Egypt

Evaluation Of Remaining Dentin Thickness After Manual And Rotary Instrumentation In Primary Molars Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography. (An In-Vitro Study), Nada Ashraf Eldemery, Osama Elshehawy, Rania Abdulla Nasr, Mahmoud Mohammed Badr

Future Dental Journal

Aim: To compare the radicular dentin thickness before and after instrumentation by manual stainless-steel (K-files) versus rotary files (AF™ Baby File) at coronal, middle, and apical thirds using Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT).

Materials and Methods: Forty roots of extracted mandibular primary molars were collected, and randomly and equally divided into 2 groups. Manual Group was prepared by K-files, and Rotary Group was prepared by rotary AF™ Baby File system. Samples were decapitated and stabilized in epoxy resin blocks. Samples were subjected to CBCT scan before and after instrumentation for radicular dentin thickness evaluation at 3 measuring points; apical, middle ...


The Influence Of Three Root Canal Irrigation Methods On Post-Operative Pain “Randomized Clinical Trial”., Nouran Aser ElAfify, Ahmed Abdelrahman Hashem, Wael Hussein kamel, El-Saeed Abdel Hafiz 2022 Endodontic department ,Faculty of oral and dental medicine , Future university in Egypt

The Influence Of Three Root Canal Irrigation Methods On Post-Operative Pain “Randomized Clinical Trial”., Nouran Aser Elafify, Ahmed Abdelrahman Hashem, Wael Hussein Kamel, El-Saeed Abdel Hafiz

Future Dental Journal

Abstract:

Aim: This clinical study was designated to evaluate the influence of three root canal irrigation activation methods on post-operative pain using the Visual analogue scale VAS. Material and Methods: 78 patients having symptomatic irreversible pulpitis in mandibular first molar with no periapical involvement. ProTaper Next rotary files were used for root canal preparation, then randomized into three equal groups according to the technique used for final irrigation agitation technique where each group have 26 cases (n=26 ) . Group A: received irrigation with 2.6% sodium hypochlorite with NaviTip (31-gauge 27 mm) with double side port irrigator tip (SVN) without ...


Antibacterial And Antibiofilm Efficacy Of Pineapple Hump (Ananas Comosus) On Porphyromonas Gingivalis In Vitro, Abdul Gani Soulissa, Billy Lombardo, Armelia Sari Widyarman 2021 Department of Periodontic, Faculty of Dentistry Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia

Antibacterial And Antibiofilm Efficacy Of Pineapple Hump (Ananas Comosus) On Porphyromonas Gingivalis In Vitro, Abdul Gani Soulissa, Billy Lombardo, Armelia Sari Widyarman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Background: Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent oral health problems in Indonesia that affects supporting tissues of the teeth. Porphyromonas gingivalis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. Alternative therapy with natural plant extracts, including pineapple (Ananas comosus) hump extract may inhibit the growth of bacteria that cause periodontal disease. Objective: To determine the effect of pineapple hump extract on bacterial growth and adhesion of Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilms. Method: The bacterial inhibition test was performed by the agar well diffusion method, and biofilm density measurements were made using the biofilm assay method. Results: Pineapple hump ...


The Effect Of Parabiotic Reuterin On The Expression Of Genes Involved In Candida Albicans Biofilm Formation: An Ex Vivo Study, Anastasya Muna Riad, Armelia Sari Widyarman 2021 Undergraduate Program, Faculty of Dentistry Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia

The Effect Of Parabiotic Reuterin On The Expression Of Genes Involved In Candida Albicans Biofilm Formation: An Ex Vivo Study, Anastasya Muna Riad, Armelia Sari Widyarman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Candida albicans has a number of properties, including resistance to various antimicrobial agents, which allow it to survive in the root canals. Lactobacillus reuteri plays a role in maintaining oral health through interactions with the oral microbiome. L. reuteri has potential as a preventive and therapeutic agent against inflammatory diseases. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of irrigation with a reuterin-containing solution on BCR1, ACE2, EFG1, and TEC1 gene expression in C. albicans root canal biofilms. Methods: L. reuteri was cultured in MRS broth and incubated anaerobically for 24 hours at 37°C. C. albicans ...


Effects Of Different Finishing Procedures On Surface Roughness Of Hybrid Cad/Cam Materials, Ender Akan, Ozlem Colgecen, Ibrahim Talha Meşe, Bora Bağiş 2021 Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, İzmir Katip Celebi Univercity, Izmir/Turkey

Effects Of Different Finishing Procedures On Surface Roughness Of Hybrid Cad/Cam Materials, Ender Akan, Ozlem Colgecen, Ibrahim Talha Meşe, Bora Bağiş

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Hybrid ceramics combine the beneficial properties of resin with the advantage of glass ceramics. However, there are limited study about on roughness properties of hybrid materials. Objective: To investigate of the effects of surface finishing methods on roughness of dental restorations made from hybrid CAD/CAM blocks. Methods: A total of 60 samples were produced (n=20) for three main material groups, two different hybrid ceramic (LAVA Ultimate and VITA Enamic) and a conventional glass ceramic (IPS e.max CAD). Each material group was divided into two subgroups (n=10). Ten samples were polished and 10 were glazed according to ...


Management Of Severe Dento-Alveolar Traumatic Injuries In A 9-Year Old Boy: A Case Report, Elnaz Mousavi, Masoomeh Khoshdel, Hamidreza Sharifiyan 2021 Department of Endodontics, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran

Management Of Severe Dento-Alveolar Traumatic Injuries In A 9-Year Old Boy: A Case Report, Elnaz Mousavi, Masoomeh Khoshdel, Hamidreza Sharifiyan

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Dentoalveolar traumas can lead to various injuries that may result in tooth loss. A suitable treatment plan and appropriate interventions should be performed to maintain the dental function and aesthetics, especially for the anterior teeth. Objective: To report the interventions performed on dentoalveolar trauma on a 9-years old male patient who presented with gingival immersion of the right maxillary central incisor and missing a tooth due to a falling accident. Case Report: The patient had multiple traumatic injuries. The medical and dental history was taken, and the clinical and radiologic examinations were performed. The patient underwent surgical intervention and splinting ...


Evaluation Of Root-End Resection With Conventional And Ultrasonic Methods: A Single-Blind, Randomized In-Vitro Study, Mohammad Al Shammaa, Roula S. Abiad, Nayer Abo Elsaad 2021 Graduate Student, Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Evaluation Of Root-End Resection With Conventional And Ultrasonic Methods: A Single-Blind, Randomized In-Vitro Study, Mohammad Al Shammaa, Roula S. Abiad, Nayer Abo Elsaad

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

The root-end resection is considered critical endodontic surgical procedure. Three millimeters of the root tip is resected and root-end cavity with parallel walls and comparable depth is cut to receive a root-end filling. The literature discussed dentinal cracks after root canal instrumentation and/or root dentine cutting. The aim of the present study was to assess cracks at root ends after resection with conventional versus ultrasonic techniques. Material and Methodology: Thirty-two extracted human lower premolar teeth with single root were used. Their root canals were prepared and received gutta-percha. Sixteen roots Group 1 were resected using tungsten carbide fissure burs ...


Eradication Of Enterococcus Faecalis In Conventional Endodontic Retreatments (A Randomized Clinical Trial), Fadl H. Khaled, Roula S. Abiad, Khaled Abd El Galil, Essam Osman 2021 Division of Endodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon,

Eradication Of Enterococcus Faecalis In Conventional Endodontic Retreatments (A Randomized Clinical Trial), Fadl H. Khaled, Roula S. Abiad, Khaled Abd El Galil, Essam Osman

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

Enterococcus faecalis is the most common bacteria isolated in conventional endodontic retreatments. Aim: To compare the impact of three irrigation modalities on the elimination of the isolated microbial strains of Enterococcus faecalis. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients requiring conventional endodontic retreatment for one of their mandibular premolars and tested positive for E. faecalis were chosen. Patients were randomly divided into three groups (n=10) according to the irrigation modality to be used; group I: syringe irrigation (NaOCl 2.625%), group II: NaOCl 2.625%+EndoActivator and group III: NaOCl 2.625%+diode laser. Before obturation, samples S2 were collected and ...


Postoperative Pain After Different Root Canal Irrigant Activation Methods; (Randomized Clinical Trial), Yasmine Ashraf Abou khalaf, Ahmed Abdelrahman Hashem, Wael H. Kamel, Mahmoud Mohamed Badr 2021 future university

Postoperative Pain After Different Root Canal Irrigant Activation Methods; (Randomized Clinical Trial), Yasmine Ashraf Abou Khalaf, Ahmed Abdelrahman Hashem, Wael H. Kamel, Mahmoud Mohamed Badr

Future Dental Journal

Objective: This study was designated to evaluate postoperative pain in irreversible symptomatic teeth after different irrigation activation methods using visual analogue scale. Materials and Methods:78 Patients having symptomatic irreversible pulpitis in mandibular first molar (vital pulp) with no periapical involvement were involved in the study. Cases were classified into three groups according to the the final irrigation agitation method used, twenty-six patients each group (n=26). Group A: Root canals were irrigated using NaOCl2* 2.6% with NaviTip (31-gauge 27mm) with double side port irrigator tip (SVN). Group B: Root canals were irrigated using 2.6% NaOCl with manual ...


Baseline Mmp Expression In Periapical Granuloma And Its Relationship With Periapical Wound Healing After Surgical Endodontic Treatment, Muhammad Adeel Ahmed, Muhammad Faraz Anwar, Khalid Ahmed, Marziya Aftab, Fizza Nazim, Muhammad Furqan Bari, Mohammed Mustafa, Fahim Vohra, Ali Alrahlah, Muhammad Nouman Mughal, Syed Hani Abidi 2021 Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan

Baseline Mmp Expression In Periapical Granuloma And Its Relationship With Periapical Wound Healing After Surgical Endodontic Treatment, Muhammad Adeel Ahmed, Muhammad Faraz Anwar, Khalid Ahmed, Marziya Aftab, Fizza Nazim, Muhammad Furqan Bari, Mohammed Mustafa, Fahim Vohra, Ali Alrahlah, Muhammad Nouman Mughal, Syed Hani Abidi

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Background: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) catalyzes the degradation of the extracellular matrix components and have a major role in many physiological processes including wound healing. In the current study, we examined the correlation of baseline MMPs 1, 2, 7, and 9 expressions with periapical wound healing after surgical endodontic treatment.
Methods: 27 patients aged between 15 and 57 years presenting with chronic apical periodontitis or chronic apical abscess of an anterior tooth with previously attempted or failed root canal treatment were included in this study. During surgical endodontic treatment, tissue from the periapical lesion sample was collected and used for gross ...


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