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The Expert Advice: Dental Patient Compliance Hinges On Effective Communication Strategies, Diana V. Macri 2016 CUNY Hostos Community College

The Expert Advice: Dental Patient Compliance Hinges On Effective Communication Strategies, Diana V. Macri

Publications and Research

Most dental hygienists would agree that motivating patients to adopt good oral health behaviors-often referred to as compliance-is the most challenging aspect of practice. This critical component of patient care is not unique to dentistry and dental hygiene. In 2010, the costs of health care in the United States exceeded $2.7 trillion with "between $100 and $300 billion of avoidable health-care costs [attributable] to nonadherence in the US annually."1 Nonadherence (a term used in the medical literature, which is synonymous with noncompliance) is associated with progression of disease and, subsequently, poor health outcomes resulting in an additional burden ...


Influence Of In-Office Oral Hygiene Instructions On The Parental Assessment Of Their Child's Oral Health., Sireesha Kodali 2016 University of Louisville

Influence Of In-Office Oral Hygiene Instructions On The Parental Assessment Of Their Child's Oral Health., Sireesha Kodali

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To identify the relation between oral health education and parental assessment of their child’s dental condition. Methods: Our study population included 33,342 children, from Smile KY! annual screenings from 2002 to 20014. Data collection was through questionnaire forms. Our primary risk factor was “dental health instructions received” (yes/no) and our outcome of interest was “parental assessment of your child’s dental health” (good/fair/poor). We had 13 years of data from 2002 to 2014 and used ‘SAS’ statistical software for data manipulation and recoding. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test of independence, trend analysis and multiple logistic ...


Healthy Teeth = Great Smiles, Jamie M. Hire, Autumn L. Graf, Kristen K. Liechty, Erika L. Purkiser 2016 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

Healthy Teeth = Great Smiles, Jamie M. Hire, Autumn L. Graf, Kristen K. Liechty, Erika L. Purkiser

2002 IPFW Student Research and Creative Endeavor Symposium

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Alcohol Consumption In Conjunction With Sex Hormone Deficiency On Ca/P Ratio In Rats, Karina Bortolin Lodi, Adriana Mathias Pereira da Silva Marchini, Ana Maria do Espírito Santo, Sigmar de Mello Rode, Leonardo Marchini, Rosilene Fernandes da Rocha 2016 Universidade Estadual Paulista

The Influence Of Alcohol Consumption In Conjunction With Sex Hormone Deficiency On Ca/P Ratio In Rats, Karina Bortolin Lodi, Adriana Mathias Pereira Da Silva Marchini, Ana Maria Do Espírito Santo, Sigmar De Mello Rode, Leonardo Marchini, Rosilene Fernandes Da Rocha

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publications

Deficiency of sex hormones and excessive alcohol consumption are factors that have been related to alterations in the pattern of bone mineralization and osteoporosis.The aim of this study was to evaluate possible alterations in the calcium/phosphorus (Ca/P) ratio in the femur of rats subjected to sex hormone deficiency and/or alcohol consumption. Methods. Female andmaleWistar rats (𝑛 = 108) were divided into ovariectomized (Ovx), orchiectomized (Orx), or sham-operated groups and subdivided according to diet: alcoholic diet (20% alcohol solution), isocaloric diet, and ad libitum diet. The diets were administered for 8 weeks. The Ca/P ratio in the ...


Client Satisfaction Survey For Hiv/Aids Dental Care Services: An Example From Rural Texas, H. Stephen Cooper Ph.D., LCSW, Freddie L. Avant Ph.D., LMSW-AP, ACSW, C-SSWS, Kim L. Rich-Rice Ph.D., LMSW-IPR 2016 Stephen F. Austin State University

Client Satisfaction Survey For Hiv/Aids Dental Care Services: An Example From Rural Texas, H. Stephen Cooper Ph.D., Lcsw, Freddie L. Avant Ph.D., Lmsw-Ap, Acsw, C-Ssws, Kim L. Rich-Rice Ph.D., Lmsw-Ipr

Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice

The challenges to examining client satisfaction are demonstrated through an evaluation of dental services provided by a regional service provider to people living with HIV/AIDS. The process of developing and administering a measure of client satisfaction is discussed. Forty-one of 350 (11.7%) dental clients chose to participate. Quantitative and qualitative data suggests that overall participants are satisfied with services. Identified concerns included a lack of specialized dental, medical, mental health, and case management services. Implications of the study for service delivery, future evaluations, and rural social work practice are addressed.


The Effectiveness Of A Preventive Recall Strategy In Children Following Dental Rehabilitation Under General Anesthesia, Amanda Kerns Dr. 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Effectiveness Of A Preventive Recall Strategy In Children Following Dental Rehabilitation Under General Anesthesia, Amanda Kerns Dr.

Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A PREVENTIVE RECALL STRATEGY IN CHILDREN FOLLOWING DENTAL REHABILITATION UNDER GENERAL ANESTHESIA

By Amanda Kerns, DDS

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Dentistry at Virginia Commonwealth University.

Virginia Commonwealth University, 2016

Thesis Advisor: Elizabeth Berry, DDS, MPH, MSD

Vice Chair, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry

Purpose: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial assessing the impact of a preventive strategy following full-mouth dental rehabilitation (FMDR) in children with early childhood dental caries.

Methods: 130 patients completed FMDR and were included in the analysis. Caries ...


Incorporation Of Interprofessional Education And Special Care Dentistry Into Standard Dental School Curriculum, Marshall D. Adzima 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Incorporation Of Interprofessional Education And Special Care Dentistry Into Standard Dental School Curriculum, Marshall D. Adzima

Undergraduate Research Posters

According to dentistry, special needs is defined as individuals whose medical, physical, psychological, or social situations may make it necessary to modify normal dental routines in order to provide dental treatment for that individual. The population of special needs patients is increasing. The lack of educated professionals in special care dentistry is leading to severe and untreated systemic and oral health problems in the special needs population. The implementation of interprofessional treatment for special needs individuals has proven to be the most effective method of treatment within the special needs population. This study examines the current application of special care ...


Examination Of The Activity Of Glycosyltransferases In The Development Of Streptococcus Mutans Biofilms In Response To Sucrose, Yegor Dukashin 2016 Bard College

Examination Of The Activity Of Glycosyltransferases In The Development Of Streptococcus Mutans Biofilms In Response To Sucrose, Yegor Dukashin

Senior Projects Spring 2016

Abstract

One of the major virulence factors of Streptococcus mutans, the primary causative agent of dental caries (cavities), is its ability to convert dietary sugars into the glucan building blocks that make up its biofilm. Three different glycosyltransferase enzymes are responsible for the conversion of dietary sugars into biofilm glucans, and each enzyme has a distinct role in in this process. In order to examine their activity a model is built in which S.mutans biofilm are grown in conditions that closely mimic the oral environment. These biofilms are exposed to varying concentrations of sucrose in an attempt to determine ...


Partial Denture Metal Framework May Harbor Potentially Pathogenic Bacteria, Cristiane Machado Mengatto, Leonardo Marchini, Luciano Angelo de Souza Bernardes, Sabrina Carvalho Gomes, Alecsandro Moura Silva, Célia Marisa Rizzatti-Barbosa 2015 University of Iowa

Partial Denture Metal Framework May Harbor Potentially Pathogenic Bacteria, Cristiane Machado Mengatto, Leonardo Marchini, Luciano Angelo De Souza Bernardes, Sabrina Carvalho Gomes, Alecsandro Moura Silva, Célia Marisa Rizzatti-Barbosa

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publications

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize and compare bacterial diversity on the removable partial denture (RPD) framework over time.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive pilot study included five women who were rehabilitated with free-end mandibular RPD. The biofilm on T-bar clasps were collected 1 week (t1) and 4 months (t2) after the RPD was inserted (t0). Bacterial 16S rDNA was extracted and PCR amplified. Amplicons were cloned; clones were submitted to cycle sequencing, and sequences were compared with GenBank (98% similarity).

RESULTS: A total of 180 sequences with more than 499 bp were obtained. Two phylogenetic trees ...


Access To Oral Health For Children On Mainecare In The Lakes Region Towns Of Bridgton, Casco, Sebago, And Naples, Carissa L. Parent 2015 University of Southern Maine

Access To Oral Health For Children On Mainecare In The Lakes Region Towns Of Bridgton, Casco, Sebago, And Naples, Carissa L. Parent

Muskie School Capstones

Although we know that children covered by Medicaid often do not receive needed dental services, the extent of the problem in Maine is not fully understood. In particular, rural communities in Maine may face challenges for families to access dental services for their children given low reimbursement rates and fewer available providers. This project addresses these gaps in knowledge by examining MaineCare- funded utilization and dental care access for children with MaineCare in four rural Maine towns in the Lakes Region.


Oral Health Knowledge And Dental Utilization Among Hispanic Adults In Iowa, Daisy Patino 2015 University of Iowa

Oral Health Knowledge And Dental Utilization Among Hispanic Adults In Iowa, Daisy Patino

Theses and Dissertations

Objectives: To determine oral health literacy levels among Hispanic adults living in Iowa, and assess the relationship between oral health literacy and dental utilization.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included a convenience sample of self-identifying Hispanic/Latino adults. Participants were recruited via mass email, word of mouth, and from faith-based organizations that provided church services in Spanish. Participants were recruited from urban and rural communities in Central and Eastern Iowa. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire, in either English or Spanish, that contained questions pertaining to: oral health literacy, dental utilization, acculturation, language proficiency, demographic information, country of origin, number ...


The State Of Oral Health On The African Continent, Megan E. Josefczyk 2015 Liberty University

The State Of Oral Health On The African Continent, Megan E. Josefczyk

Senior Honors Theses

The African continent has continuously suffered from poverty, poor sanitation, and malnutrition, leaving it an open feeding ground for infectious disease and premature death. Along with poor oral hygiene and an unavailability of dental clinics, oral disease is allowed to thrive and cause great harm. In the last two decades, the World Health Organization and others have tried to implement better systems of oral health care for the African people and have advocated for more well-trained dentists, dental clinics, equipment, and affordable dental care. Progress has been made in some African countries, but the continent is still in serious need ...


Interventions To Improve Access And Health Behaviors In Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disability: A National Resource For Oral Health, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Cindy K. Fleming 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Interventions To Improve Access And Health Behaviors In Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disability: A National Resource For Oral Health, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Cindy K. Fleming

Shriver Center Publications and Presentations

The presentation will describe the process by which the systematic review, designed to uncover interventions to reduce oral health disparities in individuals with intellectual and developmental disability, was conducted, along with the search strategy, interventions and outcomes measured. The presentation will convey the evidence base and promising practices for access, behavior, and prevention to generate discussion among researchers, clinicians and policy makers, about future study topics.


A Systematic Review Of Oral Health Interventions To Reduce Disparities In Adults With Intellectual Disability: Results Of A Novel Approach, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Systematic Review Of Oral Health Interventions To Reduce Disparities In Adults With Intellectual Disability: Results Of A Novel Approach, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder

Shriver Center Publications and Presentations

Research consistently shows that people with I/DD experience poorer oral hygiene, higher prevalence and severity of periodontal disease, and higher incidence of untreated caries when compared to the general population. In a systematic review funded by the Centers for Disease Control (NCBDD), researchers rigorously evaluated evidence for a wide range of interventions that offer the potential to reduce those disparities. More than 4,000 titles/abstracts were identified from a literature search that included peer reviewed as well as gray literature. After criteria were applied to identify the I/DD population and intervention-studies only, the number of full text ...


Lasting Impressions, Fall 2015, Nova Southeastern University 2015 Nova Southeastern University

Lasting Impressions, Fall 2015, Nova Southeastern University

Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Experiences With The Streptococcus Mutans In Lakota Sioux (Smiles) Study: Risk Factors For Caries In American Indian Children 0-3 Years, David R. Drake, Deborah Dawson, Katherine Kramer, Amy Schumacher, John Warren, Teresa Marshall, Delores Starr, Kathy Phipps 2015 College of Dentistry, University of Iowa

Experiences With The Streptococcus Mutans In Lakota Sioux (Smiles) Study: Risk Factors For Caries In American Indian Children 0-3 Years, David R. Drake, Deborah Dawson, Katherine Kramer, Amy Schumacher, John Warren, Teresa Marshall, Delores Starr, Kathy Phipps

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Severe Early Childhood Caries (S-ECC) is a terribly aggressive and devastating disease that is all too common in lower socio-economic children, but none more so that what is encountered in American Indian Tribes. Nationwide, approximately 27% of 2-5 year olds have decay while 62% percent of American Indian/Alaska Native children in the same age group have a history of decay (IHS 2010, NHANES 1999-2002). We have conducted a study of children from birth to 36 months of age on Pine Reservation to gain a better understanding of the variables that come into play in the development of this disease ...


Interview With Jack Clinton, D.M.D., Jack Clinton, D.M.D. (interviewee), J. Henry Clarke, D.M.D., M.S. (interviewer) 2015 Oregon Health & Science University

Interview With Jack Clinton, D.M.D., Jack Clinton, D.M.D. (Interviewee), J. Henry Clarke, D.M.D., M.S. (Interviewer)

Oral History Collection

In this oral history interview, Jack Clinton, D.M.D., former Dean of the OHSU School of Dentistry, details his life and work in the field of dentistry and dental education. He begins the interview by describing his childhood in Lakeview, Oregon, his early interest in the field of dentistry as a child, and meeting Mary, the woman who would later become his wife. Clinton goes on to describe his early work experience, taking on an assortment of jobs as a teenager. He goes on to discuss his undergraduate and graduate education, earning a B.S. in pre-dental science and ...


Minority College Students’ Attitudes And Beliefs Regarding The Profession Of Dental Hygiene In Comparison To Their Oral Health And Dental Knowledge, Trina J. Morgan 2015 East Tennessee State University

Minority College Students’ Attitudes And Beliefs Regarding The Profession Of Dental Hygiene In Comparison To Their Oral Health And Dental Knowledge, Trina J. Morgan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to find out the attitudes and beliefs of minority college students enrolled at Missouri College in Brentwood, Missouri in reference to the dental hygiene profession. In particular, does their oral health and dental knowledge relate to their knowledge of profession of dental hygiene? One hundred and six students gave their consent to participate in the study via Survey Monkey. The study was conducted in May 2015 for a period of four weeks. Four statements were designed to gauge minority students’ knowledge of dental hygiene as a career. No differences were found based on gender ...


Efficacy Of Socket Grafting For Alveolar Ridge Preservation: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Mitchell Miles Gubler 2015 University of Iowa

Efficacy Of Socket Grafting For Alveolar Ridge Preservation: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Mitchell Miles Gubler

Theses and Dissertations

Objectives:

Tooth extraction initiates a cascade of events that often leads to local anatomic changes in the alveolar ridge. Ridge preservation is a surgical approach aimed at minimizing hard and soft tissue volume loss. There have been contradicting reports on the efficacy of socket grafting for alveolar ridge preservation. Interestingly, there is a paucity of adequately powered randomized controlled clinical trials. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of the application of a socket grafting technique on alveolar ridge dimensional changes following tooth extraction.

Methods:

Healthy patients requiring the extraction of one single-rooted tooth on either arch ...


Bone Stimulation Implemented Using The L-Prf Technique Within The Clinical Setting In Kentucky And Tennessee, Kyndall A. Hudson 2015 Western Kentucky University

Bone Stimulation Implemented Using The L-Prf Technique Within The Clinical Setting In Kentucky And Tennessee, Kyndall A. Hudson

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Leukocyte Platelet Rich Fibrin (L-PRF) is an autologous graft that is obtained from the patient’s blood. This provides a condensed network of fibrin that is saturated with cytokines, growth factors, and platelets. L-PRF speeds up the healing process and also optimizes bone grafting results.

Dental treatment options are expanding and new techniques within the office setting are constantly being developed. Present treatment modalities can assist with the stimulation of tissue formation after dental surgical procedures, leading to various results. The placement of L-PRF provides enhanced healing following specific dental procedures using the patient’s donor tissue; therefore, reducing the ...


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