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Predicting Flossing Through The Application Of The Multi-Theory Model (Mtm) Of Health Behavior Change Among Minority Adolescents In The United States, Manoj Sharma, Kavita Batra, Ching-Chen Chen, Chia-Liang Dai, Ravi Batra, David Cappelli 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Predicting Flossing Through The Application Of The Multi-Theory Model (Mtm) Of Health Behavior Change Among Minority Adolescents In The United States, Manoj Sharma, Kavita Batra, Ching-Chen Chen, Chia-Liang Dai, Ravi Batra, David Cappelli

Social & Behavioral Health Faculty Publications

Adolescents from minority groups are particularly susceptible to poor oral hygiene behaviors, including lack of daily flossing. This cross-sectional study aimed to conduct an exploratory behavioral research to identify evidence-based (theory-based) approaches to promote flossing behavior among African American/Black and Latinx/Hispanic (minority) adolescents. A 39-item psychometrically valid web-based questionnaire was used to collect responses from a nationwide sample of minority adolescents aged 10–17 years residing in the United States. The data were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate statistical methods. Of 520 minority adolescents (260 African American/Black and 260 Latinx/Hispanic adolescents), the proportion of flossing was nearly equally split in the …


Dental Fear, Anxiety, And Phobia; Causes, Diagnostic Criteria And The Medical And Social Impact, Nadya Avramova 2022 MEDICAL UNIVERSITY OF SOFIA, FACULTY OF DENTAL MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF DENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH, SOFIA, BULGARIA

Dental Fear, Anxiety, And Phobia; Causes, Diagnostic Criteria And The Medical And Social Impact, Nadya Avramova

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Despite technological advances in modern medical science and practice, many people still associate dental treatment with unpleasant emotional sensations and pain. According to the current literature, dental fear and anxiety are psychological barriers that negatively affect frequency of patient attendance which results in avoidant behavior and poorer oral health-related quality of life.

This paper was therefore aimed at discussing basic theoretical aspects concerning diagnostic criteria, causes, and impacts of dental fear, anxiety, and phobia. Clarifying their differential diagnostic characteristics, clinical features and specific causes may play an important role in proper diagnosing, positive influencing, and management of this group of …


Lgbtq+ And Dental Education: Analyzing The Present And Recommendations For The Future, Colin M. Haley, Diana V. Macri, Herminio L. Perez, Scott B. Schwartz 2022 University of Illinois at Chicago

Lgbtq+ And Dental Education: Analyzing The Present And Recommendations For The Future, Colin M. Haley, Diana V. Macri, Herminio L. Perez, Scott B. Schwartz

Publications and Research

LGBTQ+ populations constitute increasing proportions of children, adolescents, and adults in the United States. Compared to their heterosexual counterparts, this group suffers from health inequities, including oral health. The report “Oral Health: Advances and Challenges” identified the LGBTQ+ community as an underserved population which faces significant barriers in accessing oral health care. Coverage of LGBTQ+ topics in formal education settings in both dental schools and dental hygiene programs is scarce, which contributes to inequities within this group. Increasing curriculum content related to LGBTQ+ populations is of utmost importance to promote optimal patient-provider interactions while improving oral health outcomes. Ensuring equity …


The Practices Of Treating Deep Carious Lesions Compared With The Dental Curriculum In Turkish Dentistry, Leyla Kerimova, Erdem Karabulut, Kivanç Yamanel, Neslihan Arhun 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey

The Practices Of Treating Deep Carious Lesions Compared With The Dental Curriculum In Turkish Dentistry, Leyla Kerimova, Erdem Karabulut, Kivanç Yamanel, Neslihan Arhun

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this cross-sectional study is to investigate Turkish dentists’ opinions and preferences regarding the management of deep carious lesions and compare them with modern dental education concepts as provided by dental schools. Methods: Questionnaire 1 and Questionnaire 2 were sent separately to dental practitioners via the Turkish Dental Association and to university department heads of restorative dentistry. The data obtained were analyzed using chi-square tests and one-way ANOVA tests (p < 0.05). Results: Regarding Questionnaire 1, most of the dentists (89.3%) responded that caries lesions should be removed completely up to the hard cut-off condition of …


Comparisons Of Microleakage And Scanning Electron Microscope Sem Analyzes Of The Use Of Different Pulp Coverage Materials, Yasemin Yavuz, Sedef Kotanli, Mehmet Sinan Doğan, Kemal Doğan 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Harran University, Sanlıurfa 63300, Turkey

Comparisons Of Microleakage And Scanning Electron Microscope Sem Analyzes Of The Use Of Different Pulp Coverage Materials, Yasemin Yavuz, Sedef Kotanli, Mehmet Sinan Doğan, Kemal Doğan

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: The aim of this study was to compare three different pulp coverage materials with calcium silicate content considering microleakage in the cavity floor and evaluate the gaps with a stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscope SEM.

Methods: A total of 40 human molar teeth were used in this study, and class V (4 mm mesio-distal × 3 mm gingivo-occlusal × 3 mm depth) cavities were prepared. The samples were divided into four groups (N = 10), including NeoPutty(Nusmile), Biodentin (Septodont), and TheraCal PT (Bisco). All groups were restored using Single Bond Universal adhesive and Filtek Z250 (3M ESPE). …


Primary Oral Myiasis Of Anterior Maxilla In An Intellectually Disabled Female – A Case Report, Sridhar M, Shivayogi Charantimath, Anjana Bagewadi, Lokesh Kumar S, Arun Panwar, Jayapriya T, Vaishali Keluskar 2022 KAHER’S KLE VK Institute of Dental Science, Karnataka, India

Primary Oral Myiasis Of Anterior Maxilla In An Intellectually Disabled Female – A Case Report, Sridhar M, Shivayogi Charantimath, Anjana Bagewadi, Lokesh Kumar S, Arun Panwar, Jayapriya T, Vaishali Keluskar

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

“Myiasis” is a term used to represent invasion caused by fly larvae that affect organs and tissues of human beings and feeds on the host tissue. It is a rare and non-specific pathology that varies according to the species of fly larvae and the area of the body involved. Various factors like extraction wounds, uncontrolled diabetes, necrotic tissues, alcohol addiction, poor oral hygiene, immunocompromised conditions and people with special care needs like debilitated or mentally challenged individuals predispose to develop myiasis. We hereby report a case of oral myiasis of the maxillary anterior region of the palate and labial mucosa, …


Precision Dentistry In Practice, Diana V. Macri 2022 CUNY Hostos Community College

Precision Dentistry In Practice, Diana V. Macri

Publications and Research

A paradigm shift is necessary to improve healthcare delivery and outcomes. Precision medicine and precision dentistry may be able to shift the burden of disease and improve the nation’s oral and overall health.


Effect Of Two Different Forms Of Smoking On Periodontium : A Retrospective Study, Mohammed Wagdy Bissar 2022 Ain Shams university

Effect Of Two Different Forms Of Smoking On Periodontium : A Retrospective Study, Mohammed Wagdy Bissar

Future Dental Journal

Aim of the study: Is to compare the effects of smoking T-cigs and vaping E-cigs on clinical periodontal parameters in patients.Materials and Methods: It consisted of a clinical examination of a total of 60 individuals aged between 29 and 39 years. They responded to a questionnaire about their smoking history, and they were divided into 2 groups as E-cig vapers and T-cig smokers. Full-mouth plaque index (PI),bleeding on probing (BOP),clinical attachment loss (AL),and probing depth (PD) were measured at six sites per tooth on all maxillary and mandibular teeth except third molars. Results: T-cigarette had significantly higher probing depth, …


Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation Among A Group Of Egyptian Dentists (Observational Cross-Sectional Study), mohamed salah shalaby, Osama Ibrahim El-Shahawy Professor Dr, Eman Alaa, Manal Ahmed Mofied El-Shiekh 2022 B.D.Sc. Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, 2005

Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation Among A Group Of Egyptian Dentists (Observational Cross-Sectional Study), Mohamed Salah Shalaby, Osama Ibrahim El-Shahawy Professor Dr, Eman Alaa, Manal Ahmed Mofied El-Shiekh

Future Dental Journal

Abstract:

Introduction: Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) is one of qualitative DED. MIH is increasing dramatically in the new generations, which is considered to be challenging for the majority of dentists. MIH was found to be prevalent in 14.2% of the world's population, with the high incidence 18% in South America and the least (10.9%) in Africa. This study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of graduated Egyptian dentists' group regarding MIH condition and compare the outcome information among different dental specialists.

Material and methods: A google based questionnaire based on previously validated published papers distributed electronically …


The Impact Of Oral Health On Low-Income Pregnant Women Living In The United States, Jill Diss, Olivia Ward 2022 Old Dominion University

The Impact Of Oral Health On Low-Income Pregnant Women Living In The United States, Jill Diss, Olivia Ward

Virginia Journal of Public Health

Abstract

Introduction: Oral health has a significant impact on pregnancy outcomes. Interprofessional collaboration can assist in bridging the gap between oral and systemic health and assist in optimizing the health of low-income pregnant women, infants, and children.

Methods: A literature review was used to ascertain the impact of oral health on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Research sources used in this literature review were gathered from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health, PubMed, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Elsevier, Department of Medical Assistance Services (DMAS), the Office of the Surgeon General, and Google …


An Exploratory Look Into The Effects Of Mississippi's Population Decline On Rural Dental Care, Allen Bailey Saffold 2022 University of Mississippi

An Exploratory Look Into The Effects Of Mississippi's Population Decline On Rural Dental Care, Allen Bailey Saffold

Honors Theses

Literature reviews and interviews with dentists working in rural Mississippi counties examined the effects of population decline on rural dental care in Mississippi. With the state’s continual population decline, loss of industry follows a loss of people. Through a cascade of effects, this can further reduce underserved areas’ access to dental care. In order to address the issue of rural Mississippi continuing to be underserved, policies need to be implemented that will make rural practice at least enticing if not desirable.


Assessment Of Dental Care In Children With Congenital Heart Disease, Mollie Walton 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Assessment Of Dental Care In Children With Congenital Heart Disease, Mollie Walton

Research Days

Background: The incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) is significantly higher in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) compared to the general population. Studies have investigated the incidence of IE in adults with CHD to identify the factors that contribute to the development of IE. One such factor is suboptimal oral health. Several studies have shown that children with CHD have higher levels of untreated oral disease as compared to children without CHD.

Objectives/Goal: Identify factors that may affect compliance with routine dental care, including: age, sex, severity of CHD, repair/palliation, and qualification for prophylactic antibiotics.

Methods/Design: A retrospective chart review …


An Exploration Of Low-Income Dental Services In The Tri-Cities, Macie Proffitt 2022 East Tennessee State University

An Exploration Of Low-Income Dental Services In The Tri-Cities, Macie Proffitt

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Dental care has great importance in the overall health of every individual. Many do not realize the effect oral health plays in their overall health and many areas in the United States do not have access to the dental care needed to obtain proper healthcare standards. In many of these areas, such as the Appalachian region, dental services for low-income citizens are limited. Specifically, in the Northeast Tennessee region, these dental services are severely limited. Washington County and Hawkins County of Northeast Tennessee are specific underserved areas in the Appalachian region. The purpose of this project was to explore the …


Dental Students' Perceptions Of Dental Hygienists' Education And Scope Of Practice, Cynthia Metzger 2022 East Tennessee State University

Dental Students' Perceptions Of Dental Hygienists' Education And Scope Of Practice, Cynthia Metzger

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Oral health is strongly correlated to systemic health in the United States. Dental professionals play a significant role in addressing the oral health and prevention of disease for populations in the United States. Because many areas in the United States lack access to dental care, the federal government considers dental hygienists part of the solution. It is now paying attention to restrictive dental hygiene scope of practice rules in each state. State dental boards, comprised mainly of dentists, make these rules based on their perception of dental hygienists' lack of education. This study explored fourth-year dental students' perceptions of the …


Bullied Because Of Their Teeth: Evidence From A Longitudinal Study On The Impact Of Oral Health On Bullying Victimization Among Australian Indigenous Children, Md Irteja Islam, Verity Chadwick, Tuguy Esgin, Alexandra Martiniuk 2022 Edith Cowan University

Bullied Because Of Their Teeth: Evidence From A Longitudinal Study On The Impact Of Oral Health On Bullying Victimization Among Australian Indigenous Children, Md Irteja Islam, Verity Chadwick, Tuguy Esgin, Alexandra Martiniuk

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Making life better for Indigenous peoples is a global priority. Although bullying and oral health have always been a topic of concern, there is limited information regarding the impact of this problem on the general population, with no evidence in this regard among the Australian Indigenous population. Thus, we aimed to quantify the relationship between bullying victimization and oral health problems by remoteness among 766 Australian Indigenous children aged between 10–15-years using data from the LSIC study. Bivariate and multilevel mixed-effect logistic regression analyses were employed. Findings indicated children self-reported bullying more than parents reported their children were being bullied …


Prevalence Of Temporomandibular Disorders Among Orthodontic Patients (Cross-Sectional Clinical Survey), Manar Souhail Youssef, Ahmad Tarabaih, Aly Osman 2022 Clinical Instructor, Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Prevalence Of Temporomandibular Disorders Among Orthodontic Patients (Cross-Sectional Clinical Survey), Manar Souhail Youssef, Ahmad Tarabaih, Aly Osman

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Orthodontic treatment as a risk factor for the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) has been a controversy in literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of TMD, as defined in the Diagnostic Criteria (DC)/TMD Axis II, among orthodontic patients. A cross-sectional study (N=180) consisted of 3 groups: 60 control patients seeking orthodontic consultation, 60 patients undergoing orthodontic treatment for 3-5 months, 60 patients undergoing orthodontic treatment for 10-14 months. Patients answered a structured questionnaire that rated their oral parafunctions according to the Oral Behavior Checklist (OBC), pain intensity levels according to the Graded Chronic Pain Scale …


Dental Students’ Perception, Attitude And Willingness To Interact With Mental Illness Patients: A Multicentre Cross-Sectional Study, Mazarina Nurdini Malek, Zainab Mat Yudin, Nor Faharina Abdul Hamid, Nor Asilah Harun, Suzanna Awang Bono, Mohamad Arif Awang Nawi 2022 School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Dental Students’ Perception, Attitude And Willingness To Interact With Mental Illness Patients: A Multicentre Cross-Sectional Study, Mazarina Nurdini Malek, Zainab Mat Yudin, Nor Faharina Abdul Hamid, Nor Asilah Harun, Suzanna Awang Bono, Mohamad Arif Awang Nawi

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Mental illness is a psychological impairment involving emotions, cognitions, and behaviors, and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. Dental students may encounter patients with underlying psychological problems during their training. Objective: To evaluate dental students’ perception, attitude, and willingness to interact with patients with mental illness. Methods: A multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted involving undergraduates at three dental institutions in Malaysia using an online self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive data analysis was conducted and statistical analysis using chi-square test was done for associations (p < 0.05). Results: The response rate was 63% (225); the majority of respondents were female (77.8%) and of Malay ethnicity (88.4%). …


The Development And Structure Of The Tooth Enamel And The Nature Of Deterioration, Anderson Hill 2022 Liberty University

The Development And Structure Of The Tooth Enamel And The Nature Of Deterioration, Anderson Hill

Senior Honors Theses

The tooth enamel is developed through a careful process to give its characteristic hardness, but bacteria colonization in the form of plaque and certain dietary habits can compromise this. The development of the tooth involves an intricate process that incorporates proteins and minerals to produce the toughest tissue in the human body. The enamel possesses a distinct crystal lattice with many minerals involved. Under acidic conditions, the integrity of the crystals that make up the tooth enamel can become compromised. Harmful bacteria, such as Streptococcus mutans of the mouth combine with carbohydrates that are consumed to produce acids that are …


Simulating Implant Procedures In Dentistry, Brandon Patterson 2022 Eccles Health Sciences Library, University of Utah

Simulating Implant Procedures In Dentistry, Brandon Patterson

Frameless

The School of Dentistry in partnership with the health sciences library at the University of Utah developed VR simulations for dental implants. The benefits of using the technology included providing endless scenarios, evaluation measures, and experiential learning experiences for students [1]. The school administration found that the simulations kept pace with the requirements of regulatory authorities, helped reduce costs in dental education, and found that students who trained in VR scored significantly better than traditional methods largely due to their ability to repeat tasks and receive instant feedback [2, 3].


Oral Healthcare Education, Equity And Policy Implementation In Rural Honduran Communities, Alexander J.R. Dyke 2022 Grand Valley State University

Oral Healthcare Education, Equity And Policy Implementation In Rural Honduran Communities, Alexander J.R. Dyke

Honors Projects

Rural Honduras encompasses many individuals with limited access to a dental professional. Many public health studies demonstrate that dental shortage areas have more dental cavities, missing teeth, and more complex restorations that need periodic treatment. Dental hygiene is undermined at home with limited access to oral health advocates, and dental education becomes more essential. Here, we report an educational consensus and perspectives of rural Honduras through a questionnaire distributed at 13 mobile dental clinics in remote villages. To assess the effectiveness of education, the World Health Organization (WHO) has deemed two important indices in assessing trends: Community Periodontal Index of …


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