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Pediatric Dentistry and Pedodontics Commons

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Consideration For Care For Your Patient With Cerebral Palsy, Katlin R. Cannon, Melissa Stowe, Brooke Ryan 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Consideration For Care For Your Patient With Cerebral Palsy, Katlin R. Cannon, Melissa Stowe, Brooke Ryan

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common developmental neurological disorder affecting about 2-3 children out of 1,000. CP is the result of infant brain damage or abnormal development resulting in impaired muscle control, coordination, tone, reflex, posture, and balance. These patients are unable to control motor movements of their muscles of mastication and facial expression, causing excessive drooling, clenching, bruxism, and other oral health-related issues. This lack of motor control affects their ability to swallow and often limits these patients to a liquid diet. This can lead to vitamin deficiencies and result in further developmental problems. As an example, a ...


Got Caries? Breast Milk And Early Childhood Caries?, Megan L. Dean, Rebecca Fields, Hannah Fritz 2018 VCU School of Dentistry

Got Caries? Breast Milk And Early Childhood Caries?, Megan L. Dean, Rebecca Fields, Hannah Fritz

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Objective: To provide an analysis of the association between the longevity of breastfeeding and development of ECC. Determine the optimal time frame in which mothers should cease breastfeeding to reduce ECC development. Methods: Dr. Brickhouse, PubMed, Google Scholar and other scholarly databases were utilized to find current scientific evidence on the effects of breast milk on ECC. Relevant articles were summarized to write a review of literature. 16 articles published from 2015 to the present date were reviewed and cited. Results: From the studies, there is strong evidence to support breastfeeding beyond 12 months of age increases the prevalence of ...


Assessment Of Pediatric-Focused Brief Motivational Interviewing Training Of Dental Students And Pediatric Dental Residents, Victoria M. Onesty 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Assessment Of Pediatric-Focused Brief Motivational Interviewing Training Of Dental Students And Pediatric Dental Residents, Victoria M. Onesty

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To assess dental students and pediatric dental residents’ knowledge and attitudes towards motivational interviewing and evaluate the efficacy of a pediatric-focused brief motivational interviewing training program.

Methods: A total of 66 participants were enrolled; 35% were third year dental students, 46% were fourth year dental students and 18% were pediatric dental residents. Participants completed three questionnaires: the first before the training, the second immediately after the training and the third approximately 3.5 months after the training.

Results: A significant increase in correct responses was found for 4 of the 5 questions assessing participants’ knowledge. Participants were satisfied with ...


A Comparison Of The Antimicrobial Efficacy Of Silver Diamine Fluoride And Silver Nitrate: An In Vitro Study, Nicholas L. Luke 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

A Comparison Of The Antimicrobial Efficacy Of Silver Diamine Fluoride And Silver Nitrate: An In Vitro Study, Nicholas L. Luke

Theses and Dissertations

A COMPARISON OF THE ANTIMICROBIAL EFFICACY OF SILVER DIAMINE FLUORIDE AND SILVER NITRATE: AN IN VITRO STUDY

By: Nicholas L Luke, D.D.S.

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Dentistry at Virginia Commonwealth University.

Virginia Commonwealth University, May 2018

Thesis Advisor: William O. Dahlke Jr., D.M.D.

Pediatric Dentistry, Department Chair

Purpose: To determine the antimicrobial efficacy of SDF and SN/NaF.

Methods: Three bacterial species were combined to create an in vitro biofilm. Treatment was completed with SN, SN/NaF, SDF, SDF½ or untreated (control).

Results ...


Impact Of Sensory Adapted Dental Environment On Children With Developmental Disabilities, Gail Kim 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Impact Of Sensory Adapted Dental Environment On Children With Developmental Disabilities, Gail Kim

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: This was a pilot study assessing the impact of a sensory adapted dental environment (SADE) on children with developmental disabilities (DD) receiving routine dental care.

Methods: A crossover study of 22 children with DD, aged 6 through 21, was conducted at Virginia Commonwealth University Pediatric Dental clinic. Each participant was randomized to a sequence of two dental cleanings, one regular dental environment (RDE) and one SADE with a 3-4-month recall. Outcomes included physiological measures (heart rate and oxygen saturation) and cooperation (Frankl scores).

Results: Study subjects completed a total of 36 visits. None of the physiological measures differed at ...


Mesenchymal Stem Cell (Msc) Spheroid Constructs Containing Microfluidic Bmp2-Plga Microcapsules In Bone Tissue Engineering., Bhavendrasinh Sayania 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Mesenchymal Stem Cell (Msc) Spheroid Constructs Containing Microfluidic Bmp2-Plga Microcapsules In Bone Tissue Engineering., Bhavendrasinh Sayania

Dental Theses

Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is a clinically available osteogenic growth factor. In its current form, approved for clinical use, however, the growth factor is delivered in excessively high doses, resulting in unpredictable bone growth and unwanted clinical side effects. In this study, we evaluated a novel system, slow-release hybrid delivery system for PLGA- rhBMP-2 microcapusles in combination with BM MSC spheroids, and assess if it can lead to improved BMP-derived bone formation. The first aim of this study is to evaluate the osteogenicity of 3D cell spheroids as compared to 2D cultured cells, as we used primary cells ...


Enhancing Nursing Students’ Understanding Of Oral Health: An Educational Intervention With An Interprofessional Component, Shelley Spurr Dr., Jill Bally Dr., Alyssa Hayes Dr., Marcella Ogenchuk Dr., Krista Trinder 2017 University of Saskatchewan, College of Nursing

Enhancing Nursing Students’ Understanding Of Oral Health: An Educational Intervention With An Interprofessional Component, Shelley Spurr Dr., Jill Bally Dr., Alyssa Hayes Dr., Marcella Ogenchuk Dr., Krista Trinder

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Oral health is integral to general health and essential for well-being, and therefore, should be prioritized in pediatric nursing education. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine if an oral health education intervention with an Interprofessional Education (IPE) component delivered to third-year baccalaureate nursing students would improve their knowledge of pediatric oral health care. Nursing students (n=99) from a Bachelor of Nursing program in a mid-Western Canadian university completed a survey before and after receiving the educational intervention which included a two-hour lecture from a Dentistry faculty member and a one-hour clinical lab in which nursing students ...


Fluoride Varnish Application In The Pediatric Population, Ellen Gnaedinger 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Fluoride Varnish Application In The Pediatric Population, Ellen Gnaedinger

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Purpose: The United States (U.S.) has a persistent problem of dental caries in primary teeth with a greater prevalence of dental caries found in minority and poor children. The majority of children in the U.S. experience dental caries in their primary teeth by age eight. This problem could be addressed by primary care providers applying fluoride varnish (FV) to children's teeth starting at the age of primary tooth eruption. The causes of dental caries in children’s primary teeth are multifactorial and therefore require multiple interventions. Around the world providers are utilizing FV as an effective and ...


A Comparison Of Treatment Planning Modalities For The Pediatric Dental Patient, Martha M. Holland 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

A Comparison Of Treatment Planning Modalities For The Pediatric Dental Patient, Martha M. Holland

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To assess the treatment modalities of pediatric dentists for restoring Class II lesions in primary molars.

Methods: A survey of eight cases was emailed to AAPD members, who were asked to choose a stainless steel crown (SSC) or composite resin. Treatment choice was associated with provider type, years in practice, behavior management, lesion detection, and patient age.

Results: Clinically detectable caries restored under general anesthesia were treated more often with a SSC. Faculty and residents chose a SSC at a greater rate. Providers with 10 or more years experience chose a SSC more often.

Conclusions: The scope of treatment ...


Silver Diamine Fluoride And Oral Health-Related Quality Of Life, Nazafarin Javdan 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Silver Diamine Fluoride And Oral Health-Related Quality Of Life, Nazafarin Javdan

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to study the association between Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life as assessed by “The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale” questionnaire. Methods: Parents of healthy children (ASA I and II) ages 1-5 with early childhood caries with reversible pulpitis who had application of SDF filled out a questionnaire at baseline and again after one month. The questionnaire was designed to evaluate the child’s behavior, physical abilities, pain, temperament, and how well the child gets along with others. Results: Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test was used to determine if ...


Role Of The Pediatric Dental Provider In Human Papillomavirus (Hpv) Education, Meredith L. Dugoni 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Role Of The Pediatric Dental Provider In Human Papillomavirus (Hpv) Education, Meredith L. Dugoni

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: This study investigates knowledge about HPV and examines if pediatric dental providers should include HPV education for guardians of patients 10-18 years.

Methods: Legal guardians of 10-18 year-old patients of the Virginia Commonwealth University Pediatric Dental Clinic were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Participants completed a baseline survey, were provided HPV education, completed an initial follow-up survey, and then completed a 6-month follow-up survey.

Results: A total of 54 participants completed the baseline and initial follow-up surveys and 17 completed the 6-month follow-up survey. The average number of correct responses was 3.4 of 6 knowledge questions, which ...


A Comparison Of Moderate Oral Sedation Drug Regimens For Pediatric Dental Treatment: A Pilot Study, Ojas A. Parikh 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

A Comparison Of Moderate Oral Sedation Drug Regimens For Pediatric Dental Treatment: A Pilot Study, Ojas A. Parikh

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: Compare moderate oral sedation of pediatric patients using Hydroxyzine and Meperidine with either Diazepam or Midazolam in management of pediatric dental patients.

Methods: Randomized, double-blind, crossover pilot study of patients 3 to 7 years of age requiring two sedation visits. Frankl and Houpt behavior scores recorded at injection time, initiation of treatment and 100% oxygen at end of treatment. Postoperative phone call surveys conducted within eight hours and within 24 hours of discharge. Wilcoxon Signed-Rank tests, Fisher’s Exact Chi-squared test and 0.10 significance level.

Results: 25 subjects completed 35 sedations. Eight participants completed both treatments and demonstrated ...


Provider Appearance: A Survey Of Guardian And Patient Preference, Joshua Westphal 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Provider Appearance: A Survey Of Guardian And Patient Preference, Joshua Westphal

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To understand guardian and child preferences for the appearance of their pediatric dentist. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study using survey methodology with patients and parents that attended the VCU Pediatric Dental clinic.

Methods: A total sample of 100 guardians and 97 pediatric patient participants completed the computer-based questionnaire. Four subjects were asked to pose for photographs wearing various combinations of attire (professional, casual, white coat, scrubs).

Results: Among guardians, 56% reported preferring a provider in scrubs, with white coat the second most preferred attire (39%) for their children. For pediatric patients, scrubs were still most often selected, but ...


Effects Of Flash-Free Technique On Plaque Retention, White Spot Lesions, And Bracket Failure: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Payam Ishani Afousi 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Effects Of Flash-Free Technique On Plaque Retention, White Spot Lesions, And Bracket Failure: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Payam Ishani Afousi

Theses & Dissertations

A side effect of orthodontic treatment is the development of white spot lesions (WSLs). This thesis attempted to evaluate the effects of the use of APC™ Flash-Free (FF) and conventional adhesives in bonding of orthodontic brackets on plaque formation and retention, WSL development, and bracket failure in-vivo. This was accomplished by collecting plaque samples from around orthodontic appliances and analyzing them using ATP-driven bioluminescence; scanning enamel surfaces using the Canary System™ to evaluate WSL development, and counting the number of spontaneous debonding of brackets of the 4 maxillary incisors in the first 6 months of treatment. It was found that ...


Oral Health Education Intervention To Assess Oral Health Knowledge And Behavioral Change, Ryan Bakhshi Baker 2016 Loma Linda University

Oral Health Education Intervention To Assess Oral Health Knowledge And Behavioral Change, Ryan Bakhshi Baker

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

The purpose of this study was to evaluate an oral health education intervention on oral health behaviors, oral health knowledge, and diet/amount of sugar consumed by fifth and sixth graders attending charter schools in the city of San Bernardino. Caries status of this particular population was recorded via dmft/DMFT and ICDAS. 143 students (aged 9-13 years) completed a 19 question pre-intervention survey related to oral health behaviors, dental knowledge and diet/amount of sugar consumed. Subjects then participated in an oral health education intervention comprised of an oral health education video and an interactive oral health game. An ...


Influence Of In-Office Oral Hygiene Instructions On The Parental Assessment Of Their Child's Oral Health., Sireesha Kodali 2016 University of Louisville

Influence Of In-Office Oral Hygiene Instructions On The Parental Assessment Of Their Child's Oral Health., Sireesha Kodali

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To identify the relation between oral health education and parental assessment of their child’s dental condition. Methods: Our study population included 33,342 children, from Smile KY! annual screenings from 2002 to 20014. Data collection was through questionnaire forms. Our primary risk factor was “dental health instructions received” (yes/no) and our outcome of interest was “parental assessment of your child’s dental health” (good/fair/poor). We had 13 years of data from 2002 to 2014 and used ‘SAS’ statistical software for data manipulation and recoding. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test of independence, trend analysis and multiple logistic ...


Vital Pulp Therapy Survivability Based On Radiographic Depth Of Caries, Aaron T. Schmick 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Vital Pulp Therapy Survivability Based On Radiographic Depth Of Caries, Aaron T. Schmick

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective chart review was to determine if the survival of two methods of vital pulp therapy (VPT) were influenced by the pre-operative radiographic depth and location of caries. Methods: Electronic patient records (axiUm®) that contained the procedure codes D3120, Indirect Pulp Therapy (IPT), or D3220, Therapeutic Pulpotomy (TP), were queried. Qualifying charts’ pre-operative and post-operative radiographs were viewed in MiPACS® by two raters. Visit records were queried again to identify any other treatment failures. Results: A total of 568 primary molars met the eligibility criteria. There was a difference in survival depending upon the treatment ...


Serum Vitamin D, Pth, And Calcium Levels In Patients With And Without Early Childhood Caries, Susan A. Meinerz, Harmeet Chiang, Peter C. Moon, Lorin M. Bachmann, Tegwyn Brickhouse, Al M. Best, Tiffany Williams 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Serum Vitamin D, Pth, And Calcium Levels In Patients With And Without Early Childhood Caries, Susan A. Meinerz, Harmeet Chiang, Peter C. Moon, Lorin M. Bachmann, Tegwyn Brickhouse, Al M. Best, Tiffany Williams

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose was to determine differences in serum vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and calcium levels between patients with early childhood caries (ECC) and patients without dental decay.

Materials and Methods: Serum vitamin D, PTH, and calcium levels were obtained from 30 children without dental decay who acted as controls and 60 children with ECC. A questionnaire was filled out by the parent/guardian of each participant consisting of questions regarding medical and dental history, exposure to sources of vitamin D and demographic information.

Results: The difference in the vitamin D levels of the participants was most strongly associated ...


Social Determinants Of Participation In A Home Visitation Fluoride Varnish Program, James E. Puryear, Tegwyn Brickhouse, Caroline Carrico 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Social Determinants Of Participation In A Home Visitation Fluoride Varnish Program, James E. Puryear, Tegwyn Brickhouse, Caroline Carrico

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the social determinants of CHIP (Child Health Investment Partnership) of Roanoke Valley children who participated in the preventive oral health program compared to those who did not.

Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of children (n=2,425) enrolled in CHIP of Roanoke Valley from September 2008-September 2014. Bivariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression models were used to compare age, gender, race, locality, parents’ education level, age at enrollment, and length of enrollment for oral health program participants versus those who did not participate.

Results: Children who were Hispanic as ...


Parental Perceptions Of Oral Health Related Quality Of Life For Children That Receive Care On Give Kids A Smile Day, Andrew Gibson 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Parental Perceptions Of Oral Health Related Quality Of Life For Children That Receive Care On Give Kids A Smile Day, Andrew Gibson

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the oral health-related quality of life for patients treated at Give Kids a Smile. Methods: Participants were asked to complete a 25-question survey regarding their child’s oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), with answers ranked on a 0 to 4 point scale. Results: A total of 78 questionnaires were completed, with the mean score of 5.19. Conclusions: Give Kids a Smile was created to treat children with unmet oral healthcare needs, therefore it was hypothesized that the OHRQoL for the children treated would be negatively impacted and thus this ...


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