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Design Of Parallel Robot For Dental Articulation And Its Optimization, Abulimiti Delimulati 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Design Of Parallel Robot For Dental Articulation And Its Optimization, Abulimiti Delimulati

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

A dental articulator is a mechanical device used to simulate the relative position and motion between the upper and lower jaw when constructing and testing dental prostheses. Typically, it can be adjusted to approximate patient-specific jaw kinematics in order to analogue the static relationship and specific motions of a patient’s mandible to maxilla. However, the use of dental articulators is essentially a trial-and-error method in order to fine-tune fit and function of a dental prosthesis. Some of the most advanced current dental articulators can reproduce the position and the motion passively; furthermore, dentists need special training for measuring patients ...


The Wear Of Acrylic Resin And Composite Resin Teeth Against Polished And Glazed Zirconia, Abdulkareem Alshehri 2018 Loma Linda University

The Wear Of Acrylic Resin And Composite Resin Teeth Against Polished And Glazed Zirconia, Abdulkareem Alshehri

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Background: Excessive wear for the occlusal surfaces of teeth results in decreased masticatory efficiency, poor esthetics and leads to reduced the occlusal vertical dimension which could lead to the development of temporomandibular disorders, consequently, further compromise function. Very few studies have been performed on the wear resistance of zirconia against artificial denture teeth and human enamel. Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of polished zirconia (PZ) and glazed zirconia (GZ) on the 2-body wear resistance (vertical substance loss) of seven commercially available denture teeth made of different resins. Material and Method: Eight groups (n=10 ...


In-Vitro Evaluation Of Accuracy Of Conventional And Cad/Cam Removable Partial Denture Frameworks, Pooya Soltanzadeh 2018 Loma Linda University

In-Vitro Evaluation Of Accuracy Of Conventional And Cad/Cam Removable Partial Denture Frameworks, Pooya Soltanzadeh

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Purpose: Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology is gaining popularity in dentistry, and more recently, to fabricate removable partial dentures (RPD). The purpose of this study was 1) to evaluate the overall accuracy and fit of conventional versus CAD/CAM fabricated printed RPD frameworks based on STL data analysis, and 2) to evaluate the accuracy and fit of each component of the RPD framework. Materials and Methods: A maxillary metal framework was designed for a Kennedy class III modification I situation. The master model was scanned and used to compare the fit and accuracy of the RPD frameworks. A ...


Root Analogue Implant Creation: Establishing Procedures For The General Dentist, Alicia Hazdovac, Sarah Osborne, Gary D. Richards 2018 A. A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific

Root Analogue Implant Creation: Establishing Procedures For The General Dentist, Alicia Hazdovac, Sarah Osborne, Gary D. Richards

Excellence Day

The possibility of replacing damaged teeth with custom-made root analogue implants was initially suggested around 1969 and reintroduced by Lungren et al. in 1992. The latter authors created custom implants in titanium and reported good osteointegration and aesthetic results. Following this effort there has been an increasing focus on custom root analogue implants as a replacement for ‘screw-type’ implants. Given the availability of software to manipulate 3D image data and the rapid rise of 3D printing technology, the question arises as to whether a general dentist can produce their own implants. Here we test the feasibility of practitioners producing custom ...


Managing Patient Expectations With Implant Treatment, Daniel B. Kamran, Mark Booth DDS, Eduardo Gonzalez DDS, Ed Shaw DDS 2018 University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry

Managing Patient Expectations With Implant Treatment, Daniel B. Kamran, Mark Booth Dds, Eduardo Gonzalez Dds, Ed Shaw Dds

Excellence Day

This patient came to University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry to get implants and implant crowns to improve his smile, replacing his upper partial denture. Different approaches were made by the faculty to arrive at best outcomes, which took four years for the patient to receive the treatment he wanted. This abstract will further detail how the treatment was conducted and the results afterwards.


Effect Of Image Sharpening On Radiographic Image Quality, Jefferson Lee Clark 2017 Loma Linda University

Effect Of Image Sharpening On Radiographic Image Quality, Jefferson Lee Clark

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

There is evidence that capture and processing of the digital radiographic images may contain artifacts that could reduce the diagnostic value of dental radiographs. This phenomenon has been reported through various case reports. However, its effect on radiographic image quality has not been studied. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of image processing on the quality of dental digital radiographs using the most common type of filter; sharpening. Four imaging modalities (2 CMOS, 1 PSP, 1 conventional film) were used to radiograph a DDQA imaging phantom (Digital Dental Quality Assurance phantom) and to create a flat ...


Comparison Of Anterior Denture Teeth Arrangements Made With The Tooth Mold Template And Definitive Computer-Aided Design & Computer-Aided Manufacturing Complete Removable Dental Prostheses, Jose Antonio Sierra 2017 Marquette University

Comparison Of Anterior Denture Teeth Arrangements Made With The Tooth Mold Template And Definitive Computer-Aided Design & Computer-Aided Manufacturing Complete Removable Dental Prostheses, Jose Antonio Sierra

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: There is a dearth of information in the refereed literature regarding esthetics of CAD/CAM complete removable dental prostheses (CRDPs). The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the anterior denture teeth arrangement made with the medium-size anterior tooth mold template to CAD/CAM complete removable dental prostheses fabricated with bonded denture teeth and milled teeth. Material and methods: Poly-vinyl siloxane impression were made of an edentulous maxillary model and selected for use as the patient template. The edentulous model was mounted on a semi-adjustable articulator. Definitive impressions and jaw relation records were made according to the ...


Analysis Of Flexural Strength And Monotonic Load To Failure Following Simulated Chairside Adjustments And Repair In A Lithium Disilicate Glass-Ceramic, Ali Ramadhan 2017 Marquette University

Analysis Of Flexural Strength And Monotonic Load To Failure Following Simulated Chairside Adjustments And Repair In A Lithium Disilicate Glass-Ceramic, Ali Ramadhan

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: There are no studies regarding e.max Press that evaluate post-adjustment healing protocols and their effect on the load to failure in a clinically relevant test. It is essential to find the ultimate treatment protocol which will help clinicians preserve the physical properties of the ceramic restoration after adjustment. Material and Methods: The total number of samples used in this study was 440 IPS e.max press discs. The discs were 15 mm in diameter and 1 mm of thickness. The material was tested for flexural strength and monotonic load to failure. The test was done in two parts ...


Managing Peri-Implantitis, Namita Khandelwal 2016 University of New England

Managing Peri-Implantitis, Namita Khandelwal

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

This guide, used by MetLife for its dental continuing education program, focuses on the inflammatory pathology around dental implants. It outlines the risk factors and diagnostic criteria for peri-implantitis, an inflammatory process resulting in progressive loss of bone around the implant. The guide also provides treatment approaches for peri-implantitis, including surgical and non-surgical options.


Wearing Complete Dental Prostheses - Effects On Perioral Morphology, Gregor F. Raschke, Philipp Eberl, Geoffrey A. Thompson, Arndt Guentsch, Andre Peisker, Stefan Schultze-Mosgau, Marta Gomez-Dammeier, Gabriel Djedovic, Ulrich M. Rieger, Florian Beuer 2016 Friedrich Schiller University of Jena

Wearing Complete Dental Prostheses - Effects On Perioral Morphology, Gregor F. Raschke, Philipp Eberl, Geoffrey A. Thompson, Arndt Guentsch, Andre Peisker, Stefan Schultze-Mosgau, Marta Gomez-Dammeier, Gabriel Djedovic, Ulrich M. Rieger, Florian Beuer

School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications

Background: To adequately perform rehabilitation of edentulous patients by a complete removable dental prosthesis (CRDP) is from basic interest to dentists to understand the morphologic changes caused by re-establishment of a physiologic jaw relationship. Anthropometric analyses of standardized frontal view and profile photographs may help elucidate such changes. Material and Methods: Photographs of 31 edentulous patients were compared in relaxed lip closure and after insertion of a CRDP in stable occlusion. 2232 anthropometric distances were raised. Eighteen anthropometric indices reflecting the perioral morphology and its integration in the vertical facial harmony were investigated. Results: The intercanthal – mouth width index (p


Objective Evaluation Of Clinical Shade-Matching Outcomes., Erin Ballard 2016 University of Louisville

Objective Evaluation Of Clinical Shade-Matching Outcomes., Erin Ballard

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to objectively evaluate shade-matching outcomes within an academic institution. Using the Spectrophotometer, E was calculated between the reference shade: restoration shade () and restoration shade: prescription shade (). The t-test was used to determine if E maintained clinical acceptance at E: 3.7. Satisfaction with shade-match and need for objective measurement were surveyed using a Five Point Likert Scale. Correlational relationships were assessed via Pearson Correlation. Mean E values were above the acceptance value (pppp


Evaluation Of Die Trim Morphology Made By Cad/Cam Technology, Pratiksha Agrawal 2016 Marquette University

Evaluation Of Die Trim Morphology Made By Cad/Cam Technology, Pratiksha Agrawal

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Purpose: The purpose of this vitro study was to evaluate the accuracy of the morphology of digitally trimmed dies in comparison with the subgingival contour of a prepared tooth to be restored with a single crown. Materials and Methods: 20 human extracted teeth, 10 incisors and 10 molars were disinfected, mounted on dentoforms. The teeth were prepared for a single all ceramic restoration. Digital impressions of the preparations were made using the 3M Lava COS. With the data, the SLA models were fabricated with removable dies. The prepared tooth and the corresponding dies were then compared with the Rhino software ...


Effects Of Microwave Irradiation On The Dimensional Stability Of Complete Denture Bases, Miguel Pappaterra 2016 Loma Linda University

Effects Of Microwave Irradiation On The Dimensional Stability Of Complete Denture Bases, Miguel Pappaterra

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Introduction: Maintenance for complete dentures is a role that must be undertaken by the patient. It has been determined that two minutes of microwave irradiation at 650 Watts provides denture disinfection, and three minutes provide sterilization32,34. There is insufficient data on how this practice affects the long term dimensional stability of commonly used complete denture bases in the United States. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to perform an in-vitro investigation, testing and comparing the effects of microwave irradiation on the dimensional stability of three types of complete denture bases. Materials and Methods: An edentulous master cast with ...


Comparison Of Retention Between Milled And Conventional Denture Bases: A Clinical Study, Abdulaziz Abdullah AlHelal 2016 Loma Linda University

Comparison Of Retention Between Milled And Conventional Denture Bases: A Clinical Study, Abdulaziz Abdullah Alhelal

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

The advancement in dental material technology led to the improvement in the fabrication method of PMMA denture bases. Denture base adaptation can be influenced by the amount of polymerization shrinkage that occurs during the processing method of fabrication. CAD/CAM dentures milled from prepolymerized PMMA acrylic resin blocks theoretically have reduced or no polymerization shrinkage. There have been no clinical studies, to date, that have compared retention values between milled and conventionally processed denture bases. Therefore, the purpose of this study clinical study was to compare the retention values between conventional heat polymerized and digital milled maxillary denture bases.

Twenty ...


Partial Denture Metal Framework May Harbor Potentially Pathogenic Bacteria, Cristiane Machado Mengatto, Leonardo Marchini, Luciano Angelo de Souza Bernardes, Sabrina Carvalho Gomes, Alecsandro Moura Silva, Célia Marisa Rizzatti-Barbosa 2015 University of Iowa

Partial Denture Metal Framework May Harbor Potentially Pathogenic Bacteria, Cristiane Machado Mengatto, Leonardo Marchini, Luciano Angelo De Souza Bernardes, Sabrina Carvalho Gomes, Alecsandro Moura Silva, Célia Marisa Rizzatti-Barbosa

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publications

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize and compare bacterial diversity on the removable partial denture (RPD) framework over time.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive pilot study included five women who were rehabilitated with free-end mandibular RPD. The biofilm on T-bar clasps were collected 1 week (t1) and 4 months (t2) after the RPD was inserted (t0). Bacterial 16S rDNA was extracted and PCR amplified. Amplicons were cloned; clones were submitted to cycle sequencing, and sequences were compared with GenBank (98% similarity).

RESULTS: A total of 180 sequences with more than 499 bp were obtained. Two phylogenetic trees ...


Comparison Of Digital Scanning And Polyvinyl Siloxane Impression Techniques By Dmd Students : Instructional Efficiency And Attitudes Toward Technology., Alexander M. Marti 2015 University of Louisville

Comparison Of Digital Scanning And Polyvinyl Siloxane Impression Techniques By Dmd Students : Instructional Efficiency And Attitudes Toward Technology., Alexander M. Marti

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this research was compare the ability of dental students to learn an digital scanner (3M LAVA) and material-based (PVS) impression techniques and to determine attitudes and preferences towards each. D2 dental students (n=25) were recruited and instructed on the use of 3M LAVA and PVS techniques using three pedagogic methods: 1) video lecture (P1), 2) investigator-led demonstration (P2), and 3) independent clinical exercise (P3). The amount of time for each pedagogic method was measured, averaged (± s.d.) and compared using Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks tests. A pre- and post-test was administered assessing their attitudes towards both techniques using ...


Comparison Of Maxillary Anterior Teeth Width To Facial Dimensions Among Three Races, Ewa Parciak 2015 Loma Linda University

Comparison Of Maxillary Anterior Teeth Width To Facial Dimensions Among Three Races, Ewa Parciak

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Dental esthetics and tooth proportions have become increasingly relevant in dentistry, as the cosmetic demands of patients increase. Determining the appropriate esthetic dimensions of the maxillary anterior teeth is an important aspect in fixed and removable prosthodontics. The proportion of facial structures and the relationship between facial measurements and natural teeth could provide additional guidance in selecting denture teeth as well as in determining ideal teeth size for fixed restorations. There have been many publications on this topic, however, the subjects in these studies have been mostly selected from the Caucasian race. With the increasing diversity of the American population ...


Are Bone Turnover Markers And Vitamin D Levels Associated With Frequency Of Complete Denture Relines?, Shweta Puri 2015 Loma Linda University

Are Bone Turnover Markers And Vitamin D Levels Associated With Frequency Of Complete Denture Relines?, Shweta Puri

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

PURPOSE: To compare groups of subjects with varying frequencies of complete denture relines in terms of their bone turnover markers; C-terminal Telopeptide (C-Tx), Osteocalcin (OCN) and Vitamin D (25 OH-Vit D) levels to determine the presence of and the degree of association between them.

METHODS: This study was designed as a cross-sectional study wherein a retrospective chart review of three hundred twenty four edentulous subjects with history of complete denture use for at least a year was performed to determine history and frequency of their complete denture relines. A total of 100 patients were enrolled. After consent was obtained, each ...


Effect Of Diamond Bur And Root Canal Irrigants On Retention Of Fiber Posts, Rami Jekki 2015 Loma Linda University

Effect Of Diamond Bur And Root Canal Irrigants On Retention Of Fiber Posts, Rami Jekki

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Esthetic glass fiber-reinforced posts are being used more often. The most commonly reported complication associated with these posts is debonding. Dentine conditioning with solutions such as EDTA or MTAD results in removal of smear layer and might improve the retention of posts to root canal dentin. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of cleansing the post space with MTAD or EDTA on the bond strength of glass fiber-reinforced posts, when a diamond roughening instrument is used prior to cementation with self-adhesive resin cement. Forty-five (n=15) extracted human premolar teeth were sectioned at the cemento-enamel ...


Restorative Characteristics Of Intrapulpally Cracked Teeth, Charles M. Beavers 2015 VCU

Restorative Characteristics Of Intrapulpally Cracked Teeth, Charles M. Beavers

Theses and Dissertations

Cracked teeth have long presented a diagnostic challenge. Previous investigators have considered possible predictive factors, many of which revolve around the tooth’s restorative characteristics. Few have investigated the restorative status of teeth with cracks extending into the pulp chamber. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the prevalence of the different types of restorations present in intrapulpally cracked teeth and determine any other restorative factors that may aid in predicting the presence or extent of an intrapulpal crack. Intrapulpally cracked molars requiring endodontic therapy at the VCU Graduate Endodontic Practice were included in this study. For each tooth ...


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