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Biofilm Forming Ability Of Bacteria Isolated From Dental Caries: With Reference To Streptococcus Species, Sonali kaustubh Ambulkar, Vidya Tale, Abhijit Jadhav, Komal Kulkarni 2020 Rajiv Gandhi Institute of IT and Biotechnology, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Pune, India

Biofilm Forming Ability Of Bacteria Isolated From Dental Caries: With Reference To Streptococcus Species, Sonali Kaustubh Ambulkar, Vidya Tale, Abhijit Jadhav, Komal Kulkarni

Future Dental Journal of Egypt

Dental caries is formed by the group of microorganisms attached to a tooth surface embedded in a matrix of polymers. Biofilm plays an important role in the development of dental caries, plaque and other periodontal diseases. The present study is aimed to isolate, identify and characterize bacteria from dental caries. The ability of biofilm formation of these isolates was confirmed by Congo red agar method, Tube method and Microtitre plate method. High biofilm-forming bacteria were identified by 16S rRNA sequencing. Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus anginosus, Enterococcus faecalis and Rothia dentocariosa are the predominant biofilm forming bacteria associated with dental caries.


Effect Of Short- And Long-Term Use Of Home And In-Office Bleaching With Carbamide Peroxide And Hydrogen Peroxide On Enamel Microhardness, Nazila Ameli, Niloofar Kianvash Rad, Farzane Nikpour, Raheb Ghorbani, Shadi Mohebi 2020 Department of Orthodontics, Dental School, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran

Effect Of Short- And Long-Term Use Of Home And In-Office Bleaching With Carbamide Peroxide And Hydrogen Peroxide On Enamel Microhardness, Nazila Ameli, Niloofar Kianvash Rad, Farzane Nikpour, Raheb Ghorbani, Shadi Mohebi

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Bleaching is a well-known esthetic dental treatment performed to lighten the tooth shade. Among different cosmetic dental procedures, including direct and indirect tooth-colored restorations, bleaching is likely the most conservative approach. Bleaching has been accepted well by patients and proven as a safe and effective approach. Objective: Tooth bleaching can be conducted at home or in offices. This study was performed to compare the enamel microhardness before bleaching and one and eight weeks after the application of different bleaching agents. Methods: Forty human premolars were randomly divided into four groups, and their buccal surface underwent a Vickers microhardness test before ...


Oral Rehabilitation Of A Patient With Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria: A Rare Case Report, Raif Alan, Hakkı Çelebi, Fahriye Kilinc, Recep Dursun 2020 Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17100, Canakkale, Turkey

Oral Rehabilitation Of A Patient With Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria: A Rare Case Report, Raif Alan, Hakkı Çelebi, Fahriye Kilinc, Recep Dursun

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) is an extremely rare disorder involved in chronic porphyrias. One of the recommended evaluations to determine disease severity and needs of a person with CEP is dental assessment. Objective: To present a case of CEP and its oral rehabilitation. Case Report: A 32-year-old female patient was admitted to the clinic with hyperkeratinization, skin fragility, fissures, and wounds in her perioral region and hands. Intraoral gingival bleeding, mucogingival stress, and missing teeth were recorded. After medical consultation, phase I and II periodontal therapies were performed. The patient expressed satisfaction of the results of the procedures in terms ...


Nanomaterials And Nanorobotics In Dentistry: A Review, Yelda Kasimoglu, Derya Tabakcilar, Zeynep A. Guclu, Seiko Yamamoto-Nemoto, Elif B. Tuna, Bugra Ozen, Tamer Tuzuner, Gökhan Ince 2020 Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pedodontics, Istanbul, Turkey,

Nanomaterials And Nanorobotics In Dentistry: A Review, Yelda Kasimoglu, Derya Tabakcilar, Zeynep A. Guclu, Seiko Yamamoto-Nemoto, Elif B. Tuna, Bugra Ozen, Tamer Tuzuner, Gökhan Ince

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Nanotechnology is a branch of science focusing on the manipulation of materials measured on the nanoscale (size = 1–100 nm). Recent advances in the field of nanodentistry have resulted in the development of alternative treatment plans for common dental problems, bringing about a paradigm shift in dentistry. Nanorobots, also known as “nanites” or “nanomachines,” are theoretical microscopic devices that may be used for the diagnosis and treatment of oral health problems. This paper aims to discuss the latest innovations in the field of nanodentistry.


Direct Composite Resin Restoration Of Anterior Maxillary Teeth And Esthetic Smile Design: A Case Report, Christina Widya Nugrohowati, Wignyo Hadriyanto, Tunjung Nugraheni 2020 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia

Direct Composite Resin Restoration Of Anterior Maxillary Teeth And Esthetic Smile Design: A Case Report, Christina Widya Nugrohowati, Wignyo Hadriyanto, Tunjung Nugraheni

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Dental esthetic complex involves more than one caries with malformed shape and malposition. Dental trauma most commonly affects maxillary anterior teeth, and subsequently affects the esthetics, functions, and psychological well-being of the individual. Composite resins have become an integral part of contemporary restorative and minimally invasive dentistry. Objective: To summarize the successful use of direct composite resin restoration in the management of a 29-year old male patient. Case Report: A 29-year old male patient presenting with multiple secondary caries and crown fractures in the anterior maxillary teeth, resulting in an unaesthetic smile. Comprehensive esthetic dental treatment was carried out. The ...


Treatment Of A Class I Malocclusion With Severe Crowding Using Passive Self-Ligating Brackets, Agita Pramustika, Retno Widayati 2020 Orthodontics Residency Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia

Treatment Of A Class I Malocclusion With Severe Crowding Using Passive Self-Ligating Brackets, Agita Pramustika, Retno Widayati

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Presently, dental crowding is the most common problem among orthodontic patients. The prevalence of crowding in the dental arch is significantly increased in modern dentitions, and it is the most common reason why patients pursue orthodontic treatment. Objective: To report an advanced bracket systems, namely self-ligating brackets, to increase the efficacy of orthodontic treatment especially in patients with severe crowding. Case Report: A 22-year-old female patient presented with severe crowding of the maxillary and mandibular arches. In the upper arch, both second premolars were palatally positioned; in the lower arch, the lower right canine was lingually positioned and the lower ...


Effectiveness Of Lentinus Edodes Mushroom Extract On Eradication Of Enterococcus Faecalis Biofilm, Putri Lestari Anggiarini, Meiny F Amin, Juanita A Gunawan, Armelia Sari Widyarman 2020 Postgraduate Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Trisakti University, Jakarta 11440, Indonesia

Effectiveness Of Lentinus Edodes Mushroom Extract On Eradication Of Enterococcus Faecalis Biofilm, Putri Lestari Anggiarini, Meiny F Amin, Juanita A Gunawan, Armelia Sari Widyarman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Sodium hypochlorite is a commonly used irrigation solution in endodontic procedures, but it irritates tissues and has toxic effects. Lentinus edodes is a mushroom that has antibacterial properties. Enterococcus faecalis is an anaerobic bacterium that can cause root canal treatment failure. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effect of L. edodes extract on the eradication of E. faecalis biofilms. Methods: Phytochemical tests of L. edodes were performed to analyze alkaloids, steroids, triterpenoids, phenolics, tannins, flavonoids, and glycosides from this extract qualitatively. E. faecalis ATCC 29212 was cultured in brain heart infusion broth for 24 h at 37 ...


The Emerging Oral Pathogen, Filifactor Alocis, Disrupts Neutrophil Functions To Enhance Survival And Dysregulate Inflammation., Irina Miralda Molina 2020 University of Louisville

The Emerging Oral Pathogen, Filifactor Alocis, Disrupts Neutrophil Functions To Enhance Survival And Dysregulate Inflammation., Irina Miralda Molina

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Periodontitis is an irreversible, chronic inflammatory disease where pathogenic microbial communities accumulate in the gingival crevice. Advances in culture-independent techniques have facilitated the identification of new bacterial species in periodontal lesions, such as the Gram-positive anaerobe, Filifactor alocis. Neutrophils are a major component of the innate host response, and the outcome of their interaction with F. alocis may be a determinant of oral health status. While neutrophil functions typically protect the host against periodontal disease, oral pathogens have adapted to evade or disarm neutrophil microbicidal functions while promoting mechanisms that drive inflammation, which also provides a source of nutrients for ...


Health-Related Anxiety In The Management Of Oral Soreness In An Hivseropositive Patient, Masita Mandasari, Zulvia Oktanida Syarif, Febrina Rahmayanti 2020 Oral Medicine Residency Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Health-Related Anxiety In The Management Of Oral Soreness In An Hivseropositive Patient, Masita Mandasari, Zulvia Oktanida Syarif, Febrina Rahmayanti

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) has been increasing since the first known case in the early 1980s. However, PLHIV can also experience comorbidities, such as health anxiety. In the oral cavity, anxiety is often associated with the etiology of parafunctional habits. Anxiety can be measured using self-administered instruments, such as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Short-Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI), which is specifically used in the medical setting. Objectives: We are describing a case of HIV positive patient with health anxiety who presented to the oral medicine clinic in our hospital with a complaint of ...


Evaluation Of Clinical Single Dental Implants Made Between 2013 And 2017, Zozan Erdoğmuş 2020 Ministry of Health, Diyarbakır Oral and Dental Health Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Evaluation Of Clinical Single Dental Implants Made Between 2013 And 2017, Zozan Erdoğmuş

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This retrospective study aimed to determine the profile of patients who underwent single tooth implants between 2013 and 1017 and to evaluate long-term follow-up and success. Methods: The results of 79 patients who underwent single dental intra-bone dental implantation in Diyarbakır Oral and Dental Health Hospital between 2013 and 2017 were evaluated separately in terms of gender, age, implanted area and number, systemic diseases affecting implant health, and missing implants. Results: In this study, single tooth implants were evaluated in 79 patients with a mean age of 39.55 years in men and 30.44 years in women. The ...


Erupted Compound Odontoma Associated With Missing Tooth: A Rare Case Report, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Sirilawan Tohnak, Lalitkorn Promma, Soranan Chantarangsu 2020 Department of Oral Diagnosis, Faculty of Dentistry, Naresiun University, Phitnasulok 65000, Thailand

Erupted Compound Odontoma Associated With Missing Tooth: A Rare Case Report, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Sirilawan Tohnak, Lalitkorn Promma, Soranan Chantarangsu

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Odontomas are one of the most frequently found odontogenic tumors that consist of dental tissues. Odontomas have been classified into two types: compound and complex odontomas. They are usually discovered on routine radiographic examination. In rare cases, the odontoma erupt into the oral cavity, called an erupted odontoma. The first case was published in 1980, and since then, there have been not more than 50 cases being reported in the literature. Most of the reported cases are erupted complex odontoma. This case report represents a rare case of an erupted compound odontoma in a young patient who came with the ...


Differential Diagnosis And Histopathological Analysis Of Localized Gingival Overgrowths: Study Of 218 Cases From Northeast Thailand, Lordjie Marr Morilla, Ajiravudh Subarnbhesaj, Poramaporn Klanrit 2020 Department of Clinical Dental Health Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of the Philippines, Manila

Differential Diagnosis And Histopathological Analysis Of Localized Gingival Overgrowths: Study Of 218 Cases From Northeast Thailand, Lordjie Marr Morilla, Ajiravudh Subarnbhesaj, Poramaporn Klanrit

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Localized gingival overgrowths (LGOs) are relatively common clinical findings. These lesions can be associated with chronic irritation, infections, or they can represent benign or malignant tumors that can either be primary or metastatic. The etiology of these lesions is multifactorial, but the most prevalent cause is reactive hyperplasia and inflammation induced by dental plaque. Objective: This study presents the prevalence of LGOs in Northeast Thailand and identifies the most common LGOs in the region. Methods: A series of 218 LGO cases was studied. Results: Pyogenic granuloma (PG), gingival squamous cell carcinoma (GSCC), and peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) were the three ...


Relationship Between Oral Health And Clinical Osteoporosis Among Hospitalized Patients With And Without Diabetes, Kenneth Izoura, Gayle Allenback, Amber Champion, Civon Gewelber, Michael Neubauer 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Relationship Between Oral Health And Clinical Osteoporosis Among Hospitalized Patients With And Without Diabetes, Kenneth Izoura, Gayle Allenback, Amber Champion, Civon Gewelber, Michael Neubauer

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Objective: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with poor oral health and osteoporosis (OP). The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between OP, periodontal disease (PD), and other dental and health outcomes in a cohort of hospitalized patients with and without DM. Method: Using a cross-sectional study design, we enrolled consecutive hospitalized patients. We administered a questionnaire to gather demographic information, oral health history, smoking history, and history of OP. We inspected their dentition and reviewed their charts. Data were analyzed using t-tests, chi-square tests, and logistic regression models. Result: Out of 301 patients enrolled, 275 had PD ...


Implementation Of A Standardized Oral Screening Tool By Pediatric Cardiologists, Shelley McCargar 2020 University of Portland

Implementation Of A Standardized Oral Screening Tool By Pediatric Cardiologists, Shelley Mccargar

Nursing Graduate Publications and Presentations

Background: An examination of procedure cancellations found that the lack of preprocedural oral screening was a preventable cause, for children with congenital heart disease. The purpose of this study was to implement an oral screening tool within the pediatric cardiology clinic, with referral to pediatric dental providers for positive screens. The target population were children age ≥ 6 mo. to < 18 yr. old, being referred for cardiac procedures. Methods: The Quality Implementation Framework method was used for this study design. The multimodal intervention included education, audit and feedback, screening guidelines, environmental support, and interdisciplinary collaboration. Baseline rates for oral screenings were determined by retrospective chart audit from January 2018 to January 2019 (n=211). Adherence to the oral screening tool was the outcome measure. Positive oral screens, resulting in referral to the pediatric dental clinic, were measured as a secondary outcome. Provider compliance rates were used as a process measure. Results: Data collected over 14-weeks showed a 29% increase in documentation of oral screenings prior to referral, as compared to the retrospective chart audit. During the study period 13% of completed screenings were positive (n=5). Provider compliance for the period averaged 70%. Conclusion: A substantial increase in preprocedural oral screenings by pediatric cardiologists was achieved using the Quality Implementation Framework, and targeted interventions.


The Effects Of Vaping On Oral Streptococci And Oral Inflammation, Matthew Caldwell 2020 University of Central Florida

The Effects Of Vaping On Oral Streptococci And Oral Inflammation, Matthew Caldwell

Honors Undergraduate Theses

E-cigarette (e-cig) use is rising, but much is unknown about the effects of its vapor. This vapor contains chemicals such as propylene glycol, a known antimicrobial, and nicotine, whose derivatives are carcinogenic. Here, we study the effects of vaping on resident bacteria of the oral cavity and on oral cell inflammation. Oral streptococci are major residents in the oral cavity, with S. mutans the primary cause of dental caries. Growth and biofilm formation have been shown to be enhanced upon exposure to traditional cigarette smoke in vitro. In this study, we analyzed the effects of e-cig vapor on growth and ...


Integrating Oral Health In Primary Care To Reduce Early Childhood Caries (Ecc): Evidence-Based Guidelines And Recommendations, Alyssa Heiser 2020 Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont

Integrating Oral Health In Primary Care To Reduce Early Childhood Caries (Ecc): Evidence-Based Guidelines And Recommendations, Alyssa Heiser

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common chronic disease affecting children, despite being almost 100% preventable. ECC has become associated with a multi-factorial etiology including poor feeding practices, enamel hypoplasia, oral colonization by cariogenic bacteria, and demineralized tooth structure due to metabolism of sugars by tooth-adherent bacteria. ECC can lead to school absences, poor school performance, difficulty sleeping, attention problems, slower social development, and poor overall health. According to U.S. Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines, all children are at potential risk for developing ECC beginning at the time of first tooth eruption. While there are no validated ...


Antimicrobial Efficacy Of Myrmecodia Pendens Extract And Fraction Combination Against Enterococcus Faecalis Atcc 29212, Faisal Kuswandani, Mieke H. Satari, Ani M. Maskoen 2019 Biomedical Science Master Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java 45363, Indonesia

Antimicrobial Efficacy Of Myrmecodia Pendens Extract And Fraction Combination Against Enterococcus Faecalis Atcc 29212, Faisal Kuswandani, Mieke H. Satari, Ani M. Maskoen

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Enterococcus faecalis can withstand harsh environmental conditions in the root canal and cause a secondary infection. Myrmecodia pendens is an herbal medicine rich in polyphenol compounds that have antibacterial, antioxidant, and anticancer properties. Objectives: To analyze the effects of M. pendens fraction combination on the sensitivity of E. faecalis. Methods: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined using a serial microdilution method, and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was determined by adding the test sample to sterile Mueler Hinton agar medium. Results: The MIC of combination 1 (hexane-ethyl acetate, HE) was 0.049 mg/mL, whereas those of combinations 2 ...


Persistent Endodontics Pathogens Biofilm Inhibited By Lactobacillus Reuteri Indonesian Strain, Armelia Sari Widyarman, Njoo Kiky Elysia Lazaroni 2019 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Trisakti University, Jakarta, 11440 Indonesia

Persistent Endodontics Pathogens Biofilm Inhibited By Lactobacillus Reuteri Indonesian Strain, Armelia Sari Widyarman, Njoo Kiky Elysia Lazaroni

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Lactobacillus reuteri is known as probiotics that effective to improve oral health. Objective: To analyze the effect of L. reuteri Indonesian strain, towards Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans biofilm growth. Methods: This study was conducted using biofilm assay. Each E. faecalis ATCC-29212 and C. albicans ATCC-10231 were cultured in Brain Heart Infusion Broth, distributed into 96 well-microplate and incubated for 24h, 37°C, anaerobic condition for E. faecalis and aerobic condition for C. albicans. L. reuteri LC382415 (Indonesian strain) was cultured in deMann Rogosa Shar pe Broth and diluted into different concentrations (108,106, and 104CFU ...


Medical Conditions And Oral Diseases In Elderly Thai Dental Patients In Lower Northern Thailand, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Pissacha Daroonpan, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Jadesada Palasuk, Ronnayut Chansamat 2019 Department of Oral Diagnosis, Faculty of Dentistry, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand

Medical Conditions And Oral Diseases In Elderly Thai Dental Patients In Lower Northern Thailand, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Pissacha Daroonpan, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Jadesada Palasuk, Ronnayut Chansamat

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to strengthen oral health promotion and disease prevention around the globe. The prevalence and association of systemic diseases and oral diseases has been reported. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to investigate prevalence of medical conditions and oral diseases in elderly Thai dental patients. Methods: Three hundred dental records of patient aged 60 years old and older were retrospectively reviewed. Data were analyzed using Pearson’s Chi-square and Fisher›s exact test with the significant level at p < 0.05. Results: All of them were Thai of 142 males (47.3%) and 158 females (52 ...


Hazards Of Short- And Long-Term Administration Of Glucocorticoids On The Periodontium In Rats: A Histological And Electron Microscopic Study, Tahani Abd El Karim Hagag, Elham Fathy, Mahmoud Fathy Mahmoud, zeinab salem 2019 Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, 12613, Egypt

Hazards Of Short- And Long-Term Administration Of Glucocorticoids On The Periodontium In Rats: A Histological And Electron Microscopic Study, Tahani Abd El Karim Hagag, Elham Fathy, Mahmoud Fathy Mahmoud, Zeinab Salem

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The administration of glucocorticoids is proven to cause serious adverse events. Objectives: This study was conducted to compare the possible hazards of the short- and long-term administration of glucocorticoids on the periodontium in rats, using histological examination and scanning electron microscopy. Methods: Fifteen adult male albino rats were included in the study and divided into the 3 groups. Group I served as a control, group II received 7 mg/kg dexamethasone intramuscularly once a week for 5 wk, and group III received 7 mg/kg dexamethasone intramuscularly once a week for 10 wk. The mandibles were dissected and examined histologically ...


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