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1138 full-text articles. Page 43 of 44.

Touchable - A Camera-Based Multitouch System, Lin-Shung Huang, Feng-Tso Sun, Pei Zhang 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Touchable - A Camera-Based Multitouch System, Lin-Shung Huang, Feng-Tso Sun, Pei Zhang

Silicon Valley Campus

Touchscreens enable users to interact directly and intuitively with computers by simply touching the display area without requiring any intermediate devices. There are various touchscreen technologies that generally utilize resistive or capacitive panels. Typical touchscreens are constrained by the fixed size and high cost panels. Many research efforts have been made towards achieving multitouch functionality using vision-based systems. However, existing approaches have limitations such as relying on pre-defined gestures, requiring users to wear a glove with a custom pattern, or using infrared light pens. We present TouchAble, a camera-based multitouch system using wireless camera sensor nodes to enable multitouch capability ...


Painsense: Pain Assessment Through Reality Sensing, Feng-Tso Sun, Patricia Collins 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Painsense: Pain Assessment Through Reality Sensing, Feng-Tso Sun, Patricia Collins

Silicon Valley Campus

We propose a pervasive computing framework which can support diagnosis of psychosocial factors related to diseases and disorders in the elderly population. An Internetenabled health-kiosk system or mobile device lessens the barriers for the elder to record their psychosocial diary and produces long-term monitoring data for physicians. Daily conversation between elders and family members over mobile phone can be utilized as a natural way to characterize and analyze the elder’s pain or mood. The PainSense framework monitors and analyzes pain behavior such as sensory perception, affective cues, and physiological pain behavior. Users self-report their pain experience via touchscreen-based kiosk ...


Leveraging Mobile Context For Effective Collaboration And Task Management In Disaster Response, Faisal Luqman, Martin L. Griss 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Leveraging Mobile Context For Effective Collaboration And Task Management In Disaster Response, Faisal Luqman, Martin L. Griss

Silicon Valley Campus

Collaboration and task management is challenging in distributed, dynamically-formed teams, typical in large scale disaster response scenarios. Ineffective collaboration may result in poor performance and possible loss of life. In this paper, we present Overseer, an agent-based system that exploits context information from mobile devices to facilitate collaboration and task allocation. We describe our system architecture and show how mobile context can be used to create dynamic role-based assignments to support collaboration and effective task management.


The Changing Patterns Of Internet Usage, Christopher S. Yoo 2010 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Changing Patterns Of Internet Usage, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship

The Internet unquestionably represents one of the most important technological developments in recent history. It has revolutionized the way people communicate with one another and obtain information and created an unimaginable variety of commercial and leisure activities. Interestingly, many members of the engineering community often observe that the current network is ill-suited to handle the demands that end users are placing on it. Indeed, engineering researchers often describe the network as ossified and impervious to significant architectural change. As a result, both the U.S. and the European Commission are sponsoring “clean slate” projects to study how the Internet might ...


Integrated Retail And Wholesale Power System Operation With Smart-Grid Functionality, Dionysios C. Aliprantis, Scott Penick, Leigh Tesfatsion 2010 Iowa State University

Integrated Retail And Wholesale Power System Operation With Smart-Grid Functionality, Dionysios C. Aliprantis, Scott Penick, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Our research team is developing an agent-based test bed for the integrated study of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart-grid functionality. This test bed seams together two existing test beds, the AMES Wholesale Power Market Test Bed and the GridLAB-D distribution platform. As a first step, we have designed an integrated retail/wholesale market module specifically based on the ERCOT (Texas) energy region, and we are using simplified versions of this module to study potential retail consumer response to real-time-pricing contracts supported by advanced metering. This study reports on the latter work.


Iso Net Surplus Collection And Allocation In Wholesale Power Markets Under Lmp, Hongyan Li, Leigh Tesfatsion 2010 ABB Inc.

Iso Net Surplus Collection And Allocation In Wholesale Power Markets Under Lmp, Hongyan Li, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

This study uses five-bus and 30-bus test cases to explore ISO net surplus (congestion rent) collections and allocations in wholesale power markets with grid congestion managed by locational marginal prices (LMPs). Price-sensitivity of demand and generator learning capabilities are taken as experimental treatment factors. A key finding is that conditions resulting in greater generator capacity withholding, hence higher and more volatile LMPs, also result in greater ISO net surplus collections that can be substantial in size. A key conclusion is that ISO net surplus collections should be used pro-actively to mitigate the conditions encouraging generator capacity withholding and hence high ...


Communicating The Sum Of Sources In A 3- Sources/3-Terminals Network; Revisited, Michael Landberg, Aditya Ramamoorthy 2010 Open University of Israel

Communicating The Sum Of Sources In A 3- Sources/3-Terminals Network; Revisited, Michael Landberg, Aditya Ramamoorthy

Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

We consider the problem of multicasting sums over directed acyclic networks with unit capacity edges. A set of source nodes si observe independent unit-entropy source processes Xi and want to communicate Σ Xi to a set of terminals tj. Previous work on this problem has established necessary and sufficient conditions on the si -tj connectivity in the case when there are two sources or two terminals (Ramamoorthy '08), and in the case of three sources and three terminals (Langberg-Ramamoorthy '09). In particular the latter result establishes that each terminal can recover the sum if there are two edge disjoint paths ...


E-Fraud Prevention Based On The Self-Authentication Of E-Documents, Jonathan Blackledge, Eugene Coyle 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

E-Fraud Prevention Based On The Self-Authentication Of E-Documents, Jonathan Blackledge, Eugene Coyle

Conference papers

We consider a method for preventing e-Fraud in which a binary image is encrypted with a floating point cipher using a convolution operation and the output quantized into a 1-bit array generating a binary image ciphertext. The output is then ‘embedded’ in a host image to hide the encrypted information. Embedding is undertaken either in the lowest 1-bit layer or multiple 1-bit layers. Decryption is accomplished by: (i) extracting the binary image from the host image; (ii) correlating the result with the original cipher. In principle, any cipher generator can be used for this purpose and the method has been ...


Real-Time On-Board Object Tracking For Cooperative Flight Control, Ajay Kumar Mandava, Emma Regentova, Henry Selvaraj 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Real-Time On-Board Object Tracking For Cooperative Flight Control, Ajay Kumar Mandava, Emma Regentova, Henry Selvaraj

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

One of possible cooperative Situations for flights could be a scenario when the decision on a new path is taken by A Certain fleet member, who is called the leader. The update on the new path is Transmitted to the fleet members via communication That can be noisy. An optical sensor can be used as a back-up for re-estimating the path parameters based on visual information. For A Certain topology, the issue can be solved by continuous tracking of the leader of the fleet in the video sequence and re-adjusting parameters of the flight, accordingly. To solve such a problem ...


Super-High-Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Rf Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Super-High-Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Rf Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This paper reports on the design and experimental verification of a new class of thin-film (250 nm) superhigh- frequency laterally-vibrating piezoelectric microelectromechanical (MEMS) resonators suitable for the fabrication of narrow-band MEMS filters operating at frequencies above 3 GHz. The device dimensions have been opportunely scaled both in the lateral and vertical dimensions to excite a contourextensional mode of vibration in nanofeatures of an ultra-thin (250 nm) AlN film. In this first demonstration, 2-port resonators vibrating up to 4.5 GHz have been fabricated on the same die and attained electromechanical coupling, kt^2, in excess of 1.5%. These devices ...


Internet-Based Treatment Options For Problem Gambling: A Review Of Existing Evidence And Models, Sally M. Gainsbury 2010 Southern Cross University

Internet-Based Treatment Options For Problem Gambling: A Review Of Existing Evidence And Models, Sally M. Gainsbury

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

No abstract provided.


Harvesting Single Ferroelectric Domain Stressed Nanoparticles For Optical And Ferroic Applications, Gary Cook, J. L. Barnes, S. A. Basun, Dean R. Evans, Ron F. Ziolo, Arturo Ponce, Victor Yu. Reshetnyak, Anatoliy Glushchenko, Partha P. Banerjee 2010 Air Force Research Laboratory

Harvesting Single Ferroelectric Domain Stressed Nanoparticles For Optical And Ferroic Applications, Gary Cook, J. L. Barnes, S. A. Basun, Dean R. Evans, Ron F. Ziolo, Arturo Ponce, Victor Yu. Reshetnyak, Anatoliy Glushchenko, Partha P. Banerjee

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

We describe techniques to selectively harvest single ferroelectric domain nanoparticles of BaTiO3 as small as 9 nm from a plethora of nanoparticles produced by mechanical grinding. High resolution transmission electron microscopy imaging shows the unidomain atomic structure of the nanoparticles and reveals compressive and tensile surface strains which are attributed to the preservation of ferroelectric behavior in these particles.

We demonstrate the positive benefits of using harvested nanoparticles in disparate liquid crystal systems.


Characterization Of Atmospheric Turbulence Effects Over 149 Km Propagation Path Using Multi-Wavelength Laser Beacons, Mikhail Vorontsov, Gary W. Carhart, Venkata S. Rao Gudimetla, Thomas Weyrauch, Eric Stevenson, Svetlana Lachinova, Leonid A. Beresnev, Jony Jiang Liu, Karl Rehder, Jim F. Riker 2010 University of Dayton

Characterization Of Atmospheric Turbulence Effects Over 149 Km Propagation Path Using Multi-Wavelength Laser Beacons, Mikhail Vorontsov, Gary W. Carhart, Venkata S. Rao Gudimetla, Thomas Weyrauch, Eric Stevenson, Svetlana Lachinova, Leonid A. Beresnev, Jony Jiang Liu, Karl Rehder, Jim F. Riker

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

We describe preliminary results of a set of laser beam propagation experiments performed over a long (149 km) near-horizontal propagation path between Mauna Loa (Hawaii Island) and Haleakala (Island of Maui) mountains in February 2010. The distinctive feature of the experimental campaign referred to here as the Coherent Multi-Beam Atmospheric Transceiver (COMBAT) experiments is that the measurements of the atmospheric-turbulence induced laser beam intensity scintillations at the receiver telescope aperture were obtained simultaneously using three laser sources (laser beacons) with different wavelengths (λ1 = 0.53 μm, λ2 = 1.06 μm, and λ3 = 1.55 μm). The presented experimental results on ...


The Effect Of Curvature Rate On The Received Power In Parabolic Reflector, Amean Al_Safi 2009 Western Michigan University

The Effect Of Curvature Rate On The Received Power In Parabolic Reflector, Amean Al_Safi

Amean S Al_Safi

In this paper we study the effect of curvature rate on the generated electric field at the focus point if the frequency and diameter are constants .We assume that the incident electromagnetic waves distributed uniformly on each point of the reflector surface ;hence we can imagine that this reflector has uniform surface charge ,and this body will generate an electric field on all points in front of it (including the focus point) . This field can be obtained by using coulomb’s law .The derived expression for electric field show that X and Y components will vanish and the electric field ...


The Effect Of The Digit Slicing Architecture On The Fft Butterfly, Yazan Samir, Rozita Teymourzadeh 2009 Faculty of Engineering, Technology and Built Environment UCSI University

The Effect Of The Digit Slicing Architecture On The Fft Butterfly, Yazan Samir, Rozita Teymourzadeh

Dr. Rozita Teymourzadeh, CEng.

Most communications systems tend to achieve bandwidth, power and cost efficiencies to capable to describe modulation scheme. Hence for signal modulation orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transceiver is introduced to cover communications demand in four generation. However high performance Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT) as a main heart of OFDM acts beyond the view. In order to achieve capable FFT, design and realization of its efficient internal structure is key issues of this research work. In this paper implementation of high performance butterfly for FFT by applying digit slicing technique is presented. The proposed design focused on the trade-off between the ...


Design Of Automatic Soil Humidity Control Using Maximum Power Point Tracking Controller, Hoe CK, Vaithlingam A.C., Rozita Teymourzadeh, Rajkumar R 2009 Faculty of Engineering, Technology and Built Environment UCSI University

Design Of Automatic Soil Humidity Control Using Maximum Power Point Tracking Controller, Hoe Ck, Vaithlingam A.C., Rozita Teymourzadeh, Rajkumar R

Dr. Rozita Teymourzadeh, CEng.

The photovoltaic system uses the photovoltaic array as a source of electrical power for the direct conversion of the sun’s radiation to direct current without any environmental hazards. The main purpose of this research is to design of a converter with Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT) algorithm for any typical application of soil humidity control. Using this setup the major energy from the solar panel is used for the control of soil humidity. The design of the converter with MPPT together with the soil humidity control logic is presented in this paper. Experimental testing of the design controller is ...


Embedded Systems As Datacenters, Robert Iannucci 2009 RAI Laboratory LLC

Embedded Systems As Datacenters, Robert Iannucci

Robert A Iannucci

No abstract provided.


On-Chip Implementation Of Pipeline Digit-Slicing Multiplier-Less Butterfly For Fast Fourier Transform Architecture, Yazan Samir, Rozita Teymourzadeh, Masuri Othman, Shabiul Islam, Mok VH 2009 Faculty of Engineering, Technology and Built Environment UCSI University

On-Chip Implementation Of Pipeline Digit-Slicing Multiplier-Less Butterfly For Fast Fourier Transform Architecture, Yazan Samir, Rozita Teymourzadeh, Masuri Othman, Shabiul Islam, Mok Vh

Dr. Rozita Teymourzadeh, CEng.

The need for wireless communication has driven the communication systems to high performance. However, the main bottleneck that affects the communication capability is the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), which is the core of most modulators. This study presents on-chip implementation of pipeline digit-slicing multiplier-less butterfly for FFT structure. The approach taken; in order to reduce computation complexity in butterfly, digit-slicing multiplier-less single constant technique was utilized in the critical path of Radix-2 Decimation In Time (DIT) FFT structure. The proposed design focused on the trade-off between the speed and active silicon area for the chip implementation. The new architecture was ...


On-Chip Implementation Of High Resolution High Speed Floating Point Adder/Subtractor With Reducing Mean Latency For Ofdm, Rozita Teymourzadeh, Yazan Samir, Nooshin Mahdavi, Masuri Othman 2009 Faculty of Engineering, Technology and Built Environment UCSI University

On-Chip Implementation Of High Resolution High Speed Floating Point Adder/Subtractor With Reducing Mean Latency For Ofdm, Rozita Teymourzadeh, Yazan Samir, Nooshin Mahdavi, Masuri Othman

Dr. Rozita Teymourzadeh, CEng.

Fast Fourier transform (FFT) is widely applied in OFDM trance-receiver communications system. Hence Efficient FFT algorithm is always considered. This paper proposed FPGA realization of high resolution high speed low latency floating point adder/subtractor for FFT in OFDM trance-receiver. The design was implemented for 32 bit pipelined adder/subtractor which satisfied IEEE-754 Standard for floating-point Arithmetic. The design was focused on the trade-off between the latency and speed improvement as well as resolution and silicon area for the chip implementation. In order to reduce the critical path and decrease the latency, the novel structure was designed and investigated. Consequently ...


Upper Bounds On The Number Of Channels To Ensure Collision-Free Communications In Multi-Channel Wireless Networks Using Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu 2009 Macau University of Science and Technology

Upper Bounds On The Number Of Channels To Ensure Collision-Free Communications In Multi-Channel Wireless Networks Using Directional Antennas, Hong-Ning Dai, Kam-Wing Ng, Min-You Wu

Hong-Ning Dai

Recent studies have found that using multiple channels can separate concurrent transmissions and significantly improve network throughput. However, these studies have only considered wireless nodes that are equipped with omni-directional antennas, which have high interference. On the other hand, other researchers have found that using directional antennas in wireless networks can reduce interference and improve the network performance. But their studies have only considered single channel to be used in wireless networks with directional antennas. Thus, integrating the two technologies of multiple channels and directional antennas together can potentially bring more benefits. Some previous works have studies the capacity on ...


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