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Potential Water Treatment Residual Used For Eutrophication Prevention: Varying Bake Time And Wet-Dry Release Experiments, Noor Fahoum 2022 The University of Akron

Potential Water Treatment Residual Used For Eutrophication Prevention: Varying Bake Time And Wet-Dry Release Experiments, Noor Fahoum

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

A challenge faced today in water ways is the excessive growth of algae due to eutrophication. These harmful algal blooms create problems for the environment and safety concerns for the use of water for drinking purposes. An increase in limiting nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus are one of the factors that contribute to eutrophication. This is a concern for the Akron Water Treatment plant where preventative measures are being taken to avoid the potential formation of harmful algal blooms and the cyanotoxins they may release in the water. Through various studies, water treatment residuals (WTR) have been found to ...


Infrastructure Risk Reduction: The Case Of Drinking Water Emergencies, Mark Paine 2021 Jacksonville State University

Infrastructure Risk Reduction: The Case Of Drinking Water Emergencies, Mark Paine

Dissertations

Public water systems are an integral part of community infrastructure. Drinking water contamination or service disruptions have the potential to cause economic losses, limit fire suppression capability, and result in human illnesses. Until 2016, the United States federal government had not issued a disaster declaration due to contaminated water. The first federal drinking water disaster declaration due to contaminated water serves as a sentinel event demonstrating the need to increase focus on public water systems during all phases of emergency management: mitigation, preparation, response, and recovery. Previous studies evaluating risks to vulnerable populations associated with drinking water primarily utilized qualitative ...


Plan Dimensions Of The Flow Confinited By Cross Dams, On Rivers With Non-Symmetric Flooring, M.R. Bakiev, U.A. Kahhorov, A.А. Jakhonov 2021 TIIAME

Plan Dimensions Of The Flow Confinited By Cross Dams, On Rivers With Non-Symmetric Flooring, M.R. Bakiev, U.A. Kahhorov, A.А. Jakhonov

Irrigation and Melioration

Improving methods and technologies for calculating and designing floodplain transverse dams, taking into account the interaction of floodplain and riverbed flows to protect the banks from erosion and regulate riverbeds is one of the most important tasks. At the same time, the priority remains the transverse blind dams made of local soil with the attachment of their head. Their construction on rivers with two-sided asymmetric floodplains has its own characteristics, which consist in the need to take into account the morphology, the different roughness of the floodplain and the channel, the interaction of floodplain and channel flows, the asymmetry of ...


Results Of Software Modeling Flow Section Of Vane Pumps, О.Я. Гловацкий, R.R. Ergashev, A.A. Abdullaev, J.I. Rashidov 2021 Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Research Institute of Irrigation and Water Problems

Results Of Software Modeling Flow Section Of Vane Pumps, О.Я. Гловацкий, R.R. Ergashev, A.A. Abdullaev, J.I. Rashidov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article presents an analysis of data on the flow movement in a centrifugal pump, the results of which are aimed at improving the pump design in the direction of ensuring the flow of the flow without resistance to achieve energy savings in water transmission. To reduce slip on the pumps and to reduce the resistance to current flowing inside the pump to achieve energy savings, working impeller and spiral chamber shape are designed to be constructively correct. Data from pumping stations show that the performance of pumping equipment reduces water consumption by 10-12%, pressure by 18-20% and service life ...


Justification Of The Main Parameters And Operating Modes Of The Crushers-Shredders Of Coarse Feed, K.D. Astanakulov, F.U. Karshiev, Sh.Kh. Gapparov 2021 TIIAME

Justification Of The Main Parameters And Operating Modes Of The Crushers-Shredders Of Coarse Feed, K.D. Astanakulov, F.U. Karshiev, Sh.Kh. Gapparov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article presents the results of research on the justification of the parameters of the working bodies and operating modes of the mini crushers-shredders of coarse feed. On the basis of experimental research to study the effect of the rotor parameters Mini Crusher its qualitative performance indicators. According to the teachings found that rational parametres and operating modes-Crusher are: rotor length 350 mm; rotor diameter 550 mm; rotor speed 1290 min-1; the number of hammers 20 pcs; angle of rotation of the hammers 60.


Economic Assessment Of A New Energy-Saving Electrical Technology For The Anesthesia Of Silkworms, O.A. Khaliknazarov, A.A. Turdiboev, D.M. Akbarov, D.M. Akbarov 2021 TIIAME

Economic Assessment Of A New Energy-Saving Electrical Technology For The Anesthesia Of Silkworms, O.A. Khaliknazarov, A.A. Turdiboev, D.M. Akbarov, D.M. Akbarov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article provides information on the role of Uzbekistan in the world in the field of cocoons, the analysis of cocoon cultivation and primary processing technologies, technologies and technical devices currently used in primary cocoon processing. Suggestion of the use of ultra-high frequency (UV) electromagnetic field in the anesthesia of mulberry silkworm, technical specifications of the electrotechnical device for anesthesia of mulberry silkworm using ultra-high frequency (UV) electromagnetic field, and the implementation of this device SK-150K pilons The cost-effectiveness of the device was assessed, the cost-effective method achieved as a result of the research work is highlighted. According to the ...


Study Of Performance Of Vertical Drainage Well Construction From Polymer Materials, I.A. Akhmedov, Z.K. Mirkhasilova 2021 TIIAME

Study Of Performance Of Vertical Drainage Well Construction From Polymer Materials, I.A. Akhmedov, Z.K. Mirkhasilova

Irrigation and Melioration

The article is devoted to the reconstruction and construction of vertical drainage wells. The use of vertical drainage wells is characterized by a decrease in the level of groundwater. The article presents data and typical regions of the use of vertical drainage wells.Also presented are mechanical, physical and chemical methods of well cleaning in practice. The information on the design and construction of vertical drainage wells is described. The analysis of corrosion resistance of vertical drainage well materials and their service life has been carried out. It is known that polymeric materials are resistant to corrosive environments. Using filters ...


Main Directions Of Food Security In Uzbekistan (The Case Of Samarkand Province), F.J. Saydullaeva 2021 TIIAME

Main Directions Of Food Security In Uzbekistan (The Case Of Samarkand Province), F.J. Saydullaeva

Irrigation and Melioration

The article assesses food availability as one of the indicators of food security on the example of Samarkand region based on a comparative analysis of the state of agricultural food production over the years and the volume of products per capita and their compliance with established recommended consumption norms. Based on the analysis, the results show that in Samarkand region in 2016-2020, agricultural food products were produced over recommended consumption norms per capita. The periodic evolution of the types of agri-food products produced by dehkan farms and owners of household land increased by 7.1% decreased by 7.3% on ...


The Economic Assessment Of Factors Affecting Small Household(Tomorka) In Rural Areas And Their Income, Sh.A. Muratov 2021 TIIAME

The Economic Assessment Of Factors Affecting Small Household(Tomorka) In Rural Areas And Their Income, Sh.A. Muratov

Irrigation and Melioration

In this research, the role and importance of income from small householding(tomorka) in rural areas, its specific features are analyzed. Economic factors were assessed through the tobit regression model of the factors influencing the formation of income from small households (tomorka) activities, and VIF (Variance inflation factor) test was conducted to determine their multicollinearity. Anonymous surveys of 170 landowners in 4 districts of Samarkand region have been used in the analysis. The age of landowners, the area of arable land, the consumption of organic and mineral fertilizers, the cost of seeds and seedlings, the cost of preparing the field ...


Impact And Application Of Real-Time Control On Stormwater Systems, Aaron A. Akin 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Impact And Application Of Real-Time Control On Stormwater Systems, Aaron A. Akin

Doctoral Dissertations

Stormwater control measures (SCMs) such as dry extended detention basins and wet ponds are common practices implemented by engineers and designers to mitigate the impact of stormwater runoff. These practices are designed based on historical rainfall data to attenuate runoff to pre-development conditions and, once they are installed, are unable to adapt to changing rainfall patterns or watershed restoration objectives. To solve these climate resiliency issues, several studies were conducted which investigated the impact of retrofitting such systems with a controllable outlet to increase or change detention times during rainfall events along with the novel instrumentation and methodologies necessary for ...


A Novel Analytical Method For Evaluating The Characteristics Of Hydraulic Jump At A Positive Step, Milad Mohammadi, Mohammad Nazari-Sharabian, Moses Karakouzian 2021 Isfahan University of Technology

A Novel Analytical Method For Evaluating The Characteristics Of Hydraulic Jump At A Positive Step, Milad Mohammadi, Mohammad Nazari-Sharabian, Moses Karakouzian

Civil & Environmental Engineering and Construction Faculty Publications

We present a new method to evaluate the hydraulic jump characteristics in a horizontal rectangular channel with a positive step. We considered the flow curvature effect and the free surface’s small rise at the A-type hydraulic jump’s end. First, we present a novel method to give jump length estimation based on the similarity of the jump and the turbulent wall-jet, considering the pressure gradient. Then, considering the jump as a curvilinear flow and using a one-dimensional momentum equation, we present an accurate expression for the conjugate flow depth regarding the initial Froude number and step height. Finally, we ...


Quo Vadis Lakes Azuei And Enriquillo: A Future Outlook For Two Of The Caribbean Basin's Largest Lakes, Mahrokh Moknatian, Michael Piasecki 2021 CUNY Hunter College

Quo Vadis Lakes Azuei And Enriquillo: A Future Outlook For Two Of The Caribbean Basin's Largest Lakes, Mahrokh Moknatian, Michael Piasecki

Publications and Research

Lakes Azuei (LA) and Enriquillo (LE) on Hispaniola Island started expanding in 2005 and continued to do so until 2016. After inundating large swaths of arable land, submerging a small community, and threatening to swallow a significant trade route between the Dominican Republic and Haiti; worries persisted at how far this seemingly unstoppable expansion would go. The paper outlines the approach to a look forward to answer this question vis-à-vis climate change scenarios developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It uses numerical representations of the two lakes, and it examines how the lakes might evolve, deploying three ...


Washing Technology For Medium And Highly Saline Soils, B.K. Saliev, M. S. Yuldashev, N.O. Shaimanov 2021 Scientific Research Institute of Irrigation and Water Problems

Washing Technology For Medium And Highly Saline Soils, B.K. Saliev, M. S. Yuldashev, N.O. Shaimanov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article discusses the issues of conducting field experiments to assess the reclamation conditions of soils, which are a particular issue of managing salinity and water-salt regime, as well as increasing the efficiency of desalination. Today, 46.6% of the irrigated lands of the Republic of Uzbekistan have salinization of varying degrees, of which 30.9% are weak, 13.3% are moderate and 2.5% are highly saline. Medium and highly saline lands make up 15.8%. The essence of the proposed method of flushing from the traditional one is that in late autumn or winter, the collectors-ditches are closed ...


Impact Of Regional Climate Changes On Changes In River Water Content In Uzbekistan, A.T. Salokhiddinov, P.A. Khakimova, R.V. Toryanniova, O.A. Ashirova, A.G. Gofurov 2021 TIIAME

Impact Of Regional Climate Changes On Changes In River Water Content In Uzbekistan, A.T. Salokhiddinov, P.A. Khakimova, R.V. Toryanniova, O.A. Ashirova, A.G. Gofurov

Irrigation and Melioration

The paper presents the research results on the analysis of the climate change impacts on the potential of water resources in Central Asia. We analyzed the materials of an extensive database of monitoring data from numerous gauge stations on different river basins and satellite data information. A quantitative assessment of the transformation of river hydrographs, the growth of flow variability in the Republic of Uzbekistan's major rivers, in connection with climate change, was performed. The specific features of the impact of climate changes on changes in the water content of rivers in Uzbekistan in large and small river basins ...


The Influence Of Gender Approaches On Education Efficiency, G. Eshchanova 2021 TIIAME

The Influence Of Gender Approaches On Education Efficiency, G. Eshchanova

Irrigation and Melioration

The given article covers the influence of gender approaches on education efficiency on the basis of statistical and scientific data, and the need to rely on the basis of the necessary knowledge for the ecologically sustainable development of women's knowledge, competence and entrepreneurship are shown. The educational process based on Gender differences and equality contributes significantly to the development of society.


Improvement Of Informational-Methodological Provision On Foreign Languages For Teachers, G. Eshchanova 2021 TIIAME

Improvement Of Informational-Methodological Provision On Foreign Languages For Teachers, G. Eshchanova

Irrigation and Melioration

The article discusses the innovative areas of activity, related to the use of information and communication technologies in the educational process of teachers in foreign languages in the world practice, the development of teachers professional communicative competence in teaching English, the use of information and communication, advanced pedagogical technologies in teaching to ensure the solution of such issues, as the increase in the level of development of foreign language skills, diagnostic technologies among teachers.


Distribution Of Calcium And Its Reserve Forms In Widespread Irrigated Gray Meadow Soils Of The Syrdarya Region, A. Akhatov 2021 Research Institute of Environment and Environmental Technologies

Distribution Of Calcium And Its Reserve Forms In Widespread Irrigated Gray Meadow Soils Of The Syrdarya Region, A. Akhatov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article examines the uneven distribution of calcium in reserve (general, potential, close and labile) forms in irrigated and gray-earth-meadow soils of the experimental section of the NIISSAVKH of the Gulistan district of the Syrdarya region and the farms "Sokhil" and "Ak altin" in irrigated meadow soils the form of a close reserve in the soil profile is 310 mg per 100 gr of soil. The upper layer of highly saline, medium loamy soil gradually decreases at a depth of 60-76 cm. layer. The labile calcium reserve in irrigated serozem-meadow, highly saline, medium loamy soils varies from 175 to 260 ...


Design Of A Channel Straightening Route Using A Combined Dam With A Through Part Made Of Tetrahedra, M.R. Bakiev, A.B. Хаlimbetov, С.Э. Шукурова, I.J. Asamatdinov 2021 TIIAME

Design Of A Channel Straightening Route Using A Combined Dam With A Through Part Made Of Tetrahedra, M.R. Bakiev, A.B. Хаlimbetov, С.Э. Шукурова, I.J. Asamatdinov

Irrigation and Melioration

The design of the route when regulating riverbeds, the direction of the flow to the point of water intake will require solving some issues, including the amount of deviation of the dynamic axis of the flow, constrained by regulatory structures. The main purpose of this work is to develop a method for calculating the deviation of the dynamic axis of a flow that is one-way constrained by a combined dam, then through part of which is made of tetrahedra. The problem is realized using the Varignon theorem and the flow conservation equation written for the streamlines where the household state ...


Economic Assessment Of Factors Affecting The Decision Of Households To Engage In Non-Farm Activities, Sh.A. Muratov 2021 Muratov

Economic Assessment Of Factors Affecting The Decision Of Households To Engage In Non-Farm Activities, Sh.A. Muratov

Irrigation and Melioration

In this study, non-farm activities and their importance were studied, and it is analysed the influence of push and pull factors on the decision of family heads to engage in non-farm activities by Probit model regression. Furthermore, it is determined their elastic coefficients. The analysed data are collected by conducting an online survey from 134 respondents. The results are showed that the decision of family heads to engage in non-farm activities was greatly influenced by their gender, education, and number of family members, electricity supply, transport services, and size of their land. Namely, the decision of the head of the ...


Дождеваsome Aspects Of Water Management In The Republic Of Uzbekistan During The Period Of Independence (Reality And Forecast), S. Khodjaev 2021 Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialized Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Дождеваsome Aspects Of Water Management In The Republic Of Uzbekistan During The Period Of Independence (Reality And Forecast), S. Khodjaev

Irrigation and Melioration

To date, there is no alternative to the introduction of the principles of integrated water resources management (IWRM), this is proved by the research of SIC ICWC on the territory of the South Fergana main canal, where the specific water supply per hectare of irrigated area has been reduced by 32% on an area of 120 thousand hectares, that is up to 7 thousand m³/ha, instead of the limited ones 10 thousand m³/ha. Researches recommend cutting off all types of collector-drainage waters (CDW) from the river trunks of the Aral Sea basin, including the Syr-Darya and Amu-Darya, since ...


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