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Energy-Water Reduction And Wastewater Reclamation In A Fluid Milk Processing Facility, CarlyRain Adams, Yulie E. Meneses, Bing Wang, Curtis Weller 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Energy-Water Reduction And Wastewater Reclamation In A Fluid Milk Processing Facility, Carlyrain Adams, Yulie E. Meneses, Bing Wang, Curtis Weller

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The energy-water nexus is the inseparable connection linking water and energy. We are faced with a unique opportunity to co-manage these resources, as conservation of one is directly linked to the conservation of its counterpart. Therefore, immediately facing this critical challenge, will lead to tangible impacts on the water and energy crisis our food system is faced with. Determining the role of water and energy in the food industry has proved to be the starting point for reducing the distance between process productivity and resource efficiency. Therefore, this research focuses on determining opportunities for water-energy optimization and wastewater reduction and ...


Remote Measurements Of Tides And River Slope Using An Airborne Lidar Instrument, Austin S. Hudson, Stefan A. Talke, Ruth Branch, Chris Chickadel, Gordon Farquharson, Andrew Jessup 2017 Portland State University

Remote Measurements Of Tides And River Slope Using An Airborne Lidar Instrument, Austin S. Hudson, Stefan A. Talke, Ruth Branch, Chris Chickadel, Gordon Farquharson, Andrew Jessup

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Tides and river slope are fundamental characteristics of estuaries, but they are usually undersampled due to deficiencies in the spatial coverage of water level measurements. This study aims to address this issue by investigating the use of airborne lidar measurements to study tidal statistics and river slope in the Columbia River estuary. Eight plane transects over a 12-h period yield at least eight independent measurements of water level at 2.5-km increments over a 65-km stretch of the estuary. These data are fit to a sinusoidal curve and the results are compared to seven in situ gauges. In situ– and ...


Purdue Ect Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Purdue Ect Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Fourth Quarter 2016

This is a quarterly report from the Purdue ECT.


Bicp Global Bim Study - Lessons For Ireland’S Bim Programme, Barry McAuley, Alan Hore, Roger West 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

Bicp Global Bim Study - Lessons For Ireland’S Bim Programme, Barry Mcauley, Alan Hore, Roger West

Reports

The Construction IT Alliance (CitA) has been promoting the benefits of digitisation in the construction and engineering industry in Ireland since its formation back in 2002. Whilst the Alliance has always strived to ensure that its members are exposed to a wide spectrum of contemporary digital tools and processes, the concept of Building Information Modelling (BIM) has dominated the focus of its activities over the past five years.

BIM can be described as a digital tool that facilitates everybody to better understand a building or structure through the use of a digital model which draws on a range of data ...


Road Zipper™, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Road Zipper™, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Construction work zones are growing in number around the world. The natural aging of existing roadway infrastructure ensures that more and more maintenance and rehabilitation will be required. Work zones, by their very definition, create two major problems that must be addressed in some way: safety and mobility. In the United States, highway work zones are responsible for almost 25% of all non-recurring congestion and 10% of overall congestion. Vehicle accidents are more common in work zones, and traffic congestion through work zones on urban arterials and freeways is often considered to be “unavoidable." To address these issues, ROAD ZIPPER ...


Center Pivot Irrigation Handbook (Ec3017), Derrel Martin, William Kranz, Tyler Smith, Suat Irmak, Charles Burr, Ron Yoder 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Center Pivot Irrigation Handbook (Ec3017), Derrel Martin, William Kranz, Tyler Smith, Suat Irmak, Charles Burr, Ron Yoder

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Center pivot irrigation has been the most rapidly expanding form of irrigation in the Central Great Plains and across the United States. The amount of land irrigated with sprinkler, gravity and drip or trickle systems was determined for all states in the USA in the Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey1 by the USDA in 2012. Results of the survey for the Great Plains States shows that approximately 85% of the land in Nebraska is irrigated with center pivots and that very little land was irrigated with drip systems in 2012 (Figure 1). The percentage of land irrigated with sprinklers in ...


Air Injection As A Scour Countermeasure At Bridge Piers, Ravi Teja Reddy Tippireddy 2017 Michigan Technological University

Air Injection As A Scour Countermeasure At Bridge Piers, Ravi Teja Reddy Tippireddy

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Local scour is a major cause of concern for the stability of bridge piers and the safety of the public using the bridges. Structural countermeasures and flow-altering devices have been developed to deal with local scour. Many armoring structural countermeasures are very effective and efficient in clear water conditions but are susceptible to moving bed forms and leaching. The flow-altering devices are effective in both clear water conditions and moving bed forms, but are prone to clogging, less efficient in changing flow direction, etc. This study aims to reduce the local scour by injecting air in order to reduce the ...


Compensatory Response Of Fathead Minnow Larvae Following A Pulsed In-Situ Exposure To A Seasonal Agricultural Runoff Event, Jonathan M. Ali, John Sangster, Daniel D. Snow, Shannon L. Bartelt-Hunt, Alan S. Kolok 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Compensatory Response Of Fathead Minnow Larvae Following A Pulsed In-Situ Exposure To A Seasonal Agricultural Runoff Event, Jonathan M. Ali, John Sangster, Daniel D. Snow, Shannon L. Bartelt-Hunt, Alan S. Kolok

Faculty Publications from The Water Center

Agriculturally-dominated waterways such as those found throughout the Midwestern United States often experience seasonal pulses of agrichemical contaminants which pose a potential hazard to aquatic organisms at varying life stages. The objective of this study was to characterize the developmental plasticity of fathead minnow larvae in a natural environment subject to a seasonal episodic perturbation in the form of a complex mixture of agricultural stressors. Fathead minnow larvae were maintained at the Elkhorn River Research Station for a 28-d in situ exposure to an agrichemical pulse event.Minnow larvae were sampled after 14 and 28 days to characterize developmental plasticity ...


Segment-Based Reliability Assessment For Water Distribution Networks, Erika Hernandez Hernandez 2017 University of Kentucky

Segment-Based Reliability Assessment For Water Distribution Networks, Erika Hernandez Hernandez

Theses and Dissertations--Civil Engineering

In recent years, water utilities have placed a greater emphasis on the reliability and resilience of their water distribution networks. This focus has increased due to the continuing aging of such infrastructure and the potential threat of natural or man-made disruptions. As a result, water utilities continue to look for ways to evaluate the resiliency of their systems with a goal of identifying critical elements that need to be reinforced or replaced. The simulation of pipe breaks in water reliability studies is traditionally modeled as the loss of a single pipe element. This assumes that each pipe has an isolation ...


Environmental Implications Of Nanotechnology, Boris Lau, Joann Mariie Rodríguez 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Environmental Implications Of Nanotechnology, Boris Lau, Joann Mariie Rodríguez

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

No abstract provided.


Methods For Incorporating Ecological Impacts With Climate Uncertainty To Support Robust Flood Management Decision-Making, Caitlin M. Spence 2017 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Methods For Incorporating Ecological Impacts With Climate Uncertainty To Support Robust Flood Management Decision-Making, Caitlin M. Spence

Doctoral Dissertations

Modern and historic flood risk management involves accommodating multiple sources of sources of uncertainty and potential impacts across a broad range of interrelated sectors. Sources of uncertainty that affect planning include internal climate variability, anthropogenic changes such as land use and system performance expectations, and more recently changes in climatology that affect the resources supporting the system. Flood management systems potentially impact human settlements within and beyond the systems’ scope of planning, local weather patterns, and associated ecological systems. Federal guidelines across nations have called for greater consideration of uncertainty and impacts of water resources planning projects, but methods for ...


A New Data Set For Assessing The Cold Content Of The Rocky Mountain West Snowpack, Jeffrey Schmidt 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

A New Data Set For Assessing The Cold Content Of The Rocky Mountain West Snowpack, Jeffrey Schmidt

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

Snowpack cold content (CCsnow) is the energy required to bring a snowpack to an isothermal temperature of 0.0°C. CCsnow is a snow characteristic that integrates the response of a snowpack to components of the snow-cover energy balance. An improved understanding of the spatiotemporal variability of CCsnow may provide insight into dynamics and sensitivity of the snowpack to climate change. In this study, snowpit observations of snow water equivalent (SWE), snow temperature (Tsnow) and snow density (⍴snow) from the United States Geologic Survey Rocky Mountain Snowpack Chemistry Program (USGS RMS) were used to evaluate ...


Impact Of Subsurface Drainage On Water Yield For Typical Soil And Weather In Eastern South Dakota, Govinda Karki 2017 South Dakota State University

Impact Of Subsurface Drainage On Water Yield For Typical Soil And Weather In Eastern South Dakota, Govinda Karki

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Subsurface drainage in agricultural land changes the field water balance by providing an alternate pathway for subsurface water. Determining the effects of subsurface drainage on downstream hydrology requires quantifying the components of the water balance. A number of studies have looked at the hydrological impacts of subsurface drainage. However, the effects are complex and difficult to generalize. The complex interaction involves the interrelation among variables such as soil type and properties, climate (rainfall and evapotranspiration), and drainage design configuration (drainage intensity and drainage coefficient), which all are local in nature. Additionally, most studies have been conducted in humid climates, whereas ...


Aquacrop-Os: An Open Source Version Of Fao’S Crop Water Productivity Model, T. Foster, N. Brozovic, A. P. Butler, C. M. U. Neale, D. Raes, P. Steduto, E. Fereres, T. C. Hsiao 2017 University of Manchester

Aquacrop-Os: An Open Source Version Of Fao’S Crop Water Productivity Model, T. Foster, N. Brozovic, A. P. Butler, C. M. U. Neale, D. Raes, P. Steduto, E. Fereres, T. C. Hsiao

Water for Food Faculty Publications

Crop simulation models are valuable tools for quantifying crop yield response to water, and for devising strategies to improve agricultural water management. However, applicability of the majority of crop models is limited greatly by a failure to provide open-access to model source code. In this study, we present an open-source version of the FAO AquaCrop model, which simulates efficiently water-limited crop production across diverse environmental and agronomic conditions. Our model, called AquaCrop-OpenSource (AquaCrop-OS), can be run in multiple programming languages and operating systems. Support for parallel execution reduces significantly simulation times when applying the model in large geospatial frameworks, for ...


In-Situ Observation And Transport Modelling Of Arsenic In Gangetic Plain, India, Pankaj Kumar Gupta, Pranjay Joshi, Jahangeer 2017 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee

In-Situ Observation And Transport Modelling Of Arsenic In Gangetic Plain, India, Pankaj Kumar Gupta, Pranjay Joshi, Jahangeer

Water for Food Faculty Publications

The focus of this study is to investigate the arsenic movement and impacts on the residual concentrations on groundwater pollution load. The Gangetic plain area in the Ballia, Uttar Pradesh is selected as study area, which is also reported to extreme arsenic pollution in soil-water system. A modelling approach is developed to assess the arsenic flux in partially saturated zone using data of soil texture, soil hydraulic properties and stratigraphy. Soil type, slope, and land-use cover is considered for estimating the transient flux at the top boundary from daily precipitation and evapotranspiration data of the study area. Solute transport in ...


Estimating Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficients In Natural Channels, Yuqi Song 2017 Iowa State University

Estimating Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficients In Natural Channels, Yuqi Song

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A new empirical formula is developed for estimating the longitudinal dispersion coefficient. Velocity profiles are computed from the momentum equation as presented by Shiono and Knight (1991), and the dispersion coefficient is computed from the velocity profiles using the theory of shear dispersion (Taylor 1953, Fischer et al. 1979). To simplify the application, results of the numerical integration are expressed in terms of the aspect ratio of the channel, the friction factor, the dimensionless eddy viscosity, and the secondary flow coefficient using multiple regression. For laboratory data, 83.3% of the empirical estimates from the initial formula fall within 50 ...


Flow And Transport From A Stream To A Well In An Unconfined Aquifer, Cynthia Louise Maroney 2017 Iowa State University

Flow And Transport From A Stream To A Well In An Unconfined Aquifer, Cynthia Louise Maroney

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Flow, stream depletion rate (SDR), and transport are evaluated with three analytical models for wells installed in a semi-infinite, homogeneous, anisotropic, unconfined aquifer near a fully penetrating stream with a streambed with reduced conductivity. The first model, presented in Maroney and Rehmann (2017), involves re-evaluating the calculations of Huang et al. (2012) for the SDR of a radial collector well. The present solution for SDR has a single integral that requires numerical evaluation, while the previous model has five. Analytical results show that at steady state the flow through the streambed equals the pumping rate of the well. That is ...


High Performance Techniques Applied In Partial Differential Equations Library, Shilei Lin 2017 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

High Performance Techniques Applied In Partial Differential Equations Library, Shilei Lin

All College Thesis Program, 2016-present

This thesis will explore various Trilinos packages to determine a method for updating the deal.ii library. The deal.ii library specialize in solving partial differential equations by finite element methods. This thesis will begin with introducing some related concepts and the goals of this project, following the methods of achieving those goals by exploring analytical solution of one-dimensional Boussinesq equations and developing of newer prototypes based on Trilinos packages. After demonstrating the reduction of solving time in prototypes, the same methods have been applied to update the deal.ii library. Finally, an example program from the deal.ii library ...


Evaluating Filter Materials For E. Coli Removal From Stormwater, Ghaem Hooshyari 2017 South Dakota State University

Evaluating Filter Materials For E. Coli Removal From Stormwater, Ghaem Hooshyari

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Stormwater runoff from agricultural and urban areas carries a wide range of pollutants and pathogens that can negatively affect surface water bodies and cause significant risks to the ecosystem and public health. Bacteria is one of the pollutants carried by stormwater, and Escherichia coli (E. coli) is commonly used as a microbial pollution indicator of surface water. The aim of this research was to investigate the removal of E. coli from stormwater using low-cost filter materials. Two industrial byproducts (steel slag and steel chips) and two natural minerals (zeolite and limestone) with three different sizes (0.5-1 mm, 1-2 mm ...


Improved Predictions Of Contaminant Transport In Rivers, Rusen Sinir 2017 Iowa State University

Improved Predictions Of Contaminant Transport In Rivers, Rusen Sinir

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

To improve predictions of contaminant transport in rivers, two analytical models and one empirical model were evaluated. Analytical solutions of the model of Reichert and Wanner (1991), which represents mixing in the advective zone by dividing the channel into a flowing zone and a stagnant zone, were developed for two cases: a spill in the stagnant zone and a maintained injection in the flowing zone. Compared to the case of a flowing zone spill solved by Schmalle and Rehmann (2014), contaminant clouds for a stagnant zone spill travel more slowly, spread more, and shift from positive to negative skewness. These ...


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