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Experimental Simulation Of Tornado-Like Vortices And Their Impact On High-Rise Buildings, Arash Ashrafi 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Experimental Simulation Of Tornado-Like Vortices And Their Impact On High-Rise Buildings, Arash Ashrafi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

One of the most crucial research areas in wind engineering is tornadoes due to the widespread damages to infrastructure and the environment in North America and other parts of the world. The proper scaling of tornadoes in experimental facilities, generating tornado-like vortices (TLVs) is, therefore, an essential part of evaluating tornado-indued damages on engineered buildings. The capability of producing TLVs of length scales in the range between 1:300 and 1:150 inside the Wind Engineering, Energy and Environment (WindEEE) Dome at Western University has already been demonstrated using only one mode of the full potential of this simulator. A ...


Adapting Global Service-Learning Project And Community Partnership Outcomes Using A “Tele-Engineering” Approach In Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Christiane Ley, Danielle Angert, Tessa Hudelson, Jordan Harris 2021 Purdue University

Adapting Global Service-Learning Project And Community Partnership Outcomes Using A “Tele-Engineering” Approach In Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Christiane Ley, Danielle Angert, Tessa Hudelson, Jordan Harris

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The Water Supply in Developing Countries (WSDC) service-learning course at Purdue University has fostered a strong partnership with the La Vega region in the Dominican Republic since 2012. During this time, an interdisciplinary group of engineering and science students has helped design drinking water treatment systems and the group has developed water, sanitation, and health (WASH) education materials. These WASH education and water safety approaches often have been conducted in person in the past. However, with the state of the COVID-19 pandemic and the inability to travel in the fall and spring semesters of the 2020–2021 academic year, the ...


Inter-Relationships Between Water Depletion And Temperature Differential In Row Crop Canopies In A Sub-Humid Climate, Jasreman Singh, Yufeng Ge, Derek M. Heeren, Elizabeth Walter-Shea, Christopher M.U. Neale, Suat Irmak, Wayne Woldt, Geng Bai, Sandeep Bhatti, Mitchell S. Maguire 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Inter-Relationships Between Water Depletion And Temperature Differential In Row Crop Canopies In A Sub-Humid Climate, Jasreman Singh, Yufeng Ge, Derek M. Heeren, Elizabeth Walter-Shea, Christopher M.U. Neale, Suat Irmak, Wayne Woldt, Geng Bai, Sandeep Bhatti, Mitchell S. Maguire

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Irrigation has a great impact on global food security as it contributes to the majority of the world’s agricultural food supply. It is essential to judiciously utilize water resources through efficient irrigation management since the majority of U.S. groundwater aquifers are rapidly depleting. Thus, quantification of the relationships between water depletion and environmental factors is important for understanding crop response to varying levels of water stresses that depletion can cause. The objectives of this research were to: 1) investigate the relationship between root zone water depletion (Drw) and canopy temperature differential (ΔT) at different ranges of D ...


Plan Dimensions Of The Flow Confinited By Cross Dams, On Rivers With Non-Symmetric Flooring, M.R. Bakiev, U.A. Kahhorov, A.А. Jakhonov 2021 TIIAME

Plan Dimensions Of The Flow Confinited By Cross Dams, On Rivers With Non-Symmetric Flooring, M.R. Bakiev, U.A. Kahhorov, A.А. Jakhonov

Irrigation and Melioration

Improving methods and technologies for calculating and designing floodplain transverse dams, taking into account the interaction of floodplain and riverbed flows to protect the banks from erosion and regulate riverbeds is one of the most important tasks. At the same time, the priority remains the transverse blind dams made of local soil with the attachment of their head. Their construction on rivers with two-sided asymmetric floodplains has its own characteristics, which consist in the need to take into account the morphology, the different roughness of the floodplain and the channel, the interaction of floodplain and channel flows, the asymmetry of ...


Results Of Software Modeling Flow Section Of Vane Pumps, О.Я. Гловацкий, R.R. Ergashev, A.A. Abdullaev, J.I. Rashidov 2021 Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Research Institute of Irrigation and Water Problems

Results Of Software Modeling Flow Section Of Vane Pumps, О.Я. Гловацкий, R.R. Ergashev, A.A. Abdullaev, J.I. Rashidov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article presents an analysis of data on the flow movement in a centrifugal pump, the results of which are aimed at improving the pump design in the direction of ensuring the flow of the flow without resistance to achieve energy savings in water transmission. To reduce slip on the pumps and to reduce the resistance to current flowing inside the pump to achieve energy savings, working impeller and spiral chamber shape are designed to be constructively correct. Data from pumping stations show that the performance of pumping equipment reduces water consumption by 10-12%, pressure by 18-20% and service life ...


Justification Of The Main Parameters And Operating Modes Of The Crushers-Shredders Of Coarse Feed, K.D. Astanakulov, F.U. Karshiev, Sh.Kh. Gapparov 2021 TIIAME

Justification Of The Main Parameters And Operating Modes Of The Crushers-Shredders Of Coarse Feed, K.D. Astanakulov, F.U. Karshiev, Sh.Kh. Gapparov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article presents the results of research on the justification of the parameters of the working bodies and operating modes of the mini crushers-shredders of coarse feed. On the basis of experimental research to study the effect of the rotor parameters Mini Crusher its qualitative performance indicators. According to the teachings found that rational parametres and operating modes-Crusher are: rotor length 350 mm; rotor diameter 550 mm; rotor speed 1290 min-1; the number of hammers 20 pcs; angle of rotation of the hammers 60.


Economic Assessment Of A New Energy-Saving Electrical Technology For The Anesthesia Of Silkworms, O.A. Khaliknazarov, A.A. Turdiboev, D.M. Akbarov, D.M. Akbarov 2021 TIIAME

Economic Assessment Of A New Energy-Saving Electrical Technology For The Anesthesia Of Silkworms, O.A. Khaliknazarov, A.A. Turdiboev, D.M. Akbarov, D.M. Akbarov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article provides information on the role of Uzbekistan in the world in the field of cocoons, the analysis of cocoon cultivation and primary processing technologies, technologies and technical devices currently used in primary cocoon processing. Suggestion of the use of ultra-high frequency (UV) electromagnetic field in the anesthesia of mulberry silkworm, technical specifications of the electrotechnical device for anesthesia of mulberry silkworm using ultra-high frequency (UV) electromagnetic field, and the implementation of this device SK-150K pilons The cost-effectiveness of the device was assessed, the cost-effective method achieved as a result of the research work is highlighted. According to the ...


Study Of Performance Of Vertical Drainage Well Construction From Polymer Materials, I.A. Akhmedov, Z.K. Mirkhasilova 2021 TIIAME

Study Of Performance Of Vertical Drainage Well Construction From Polymer Materials, I.A. Akhmedov, Z.K. Mirkhasilova

Irrigation and Melioration

The article is devoted to the reconstruction and construction of vertical drainage wells. The use of vertical drainage wells is characterized by a decrease in the level of groundwater. The article presents data and typical regions of the use of vertical drainage wells.Also presented are mechanical, physical and chemical methods of well cleaning in practice. The information on the design and construction of vertical drainage wells is described. The analysis of corrosion resistance of vertical drainage well materials and their service life has been carried out. It is known that polymeric materials are resistant to corrosive environments. Using filters ...


Main Directions Of Food Security In Uzbekistan (The Case Of Samarkand Province), F.J. Saydullaeva 2021 TIIAME

Main Directions Of Food Security In Uzbekistan (The Case Of Samarkand Province), F.J. Saydullaeva

Irrigation and Melioration

The article assesses food availability as one of the indicators of food security on the example of Samarkand region based on a comparative analysis of the state of agricultural food production over the years and the volume of products per capita and their compliance with established recommended consumption norms. Based on the analysis, the results show that in Samarkand region in 2016-2020, agricultural food products were produced over recommended consumption norms per capita. The periodic evolution of the types of agri-food products produced by dehkan farms and owners of household land increased by 7.1% decreased by 7.3% on ...


The Economic Assessment Of Factors Affecting Small Household(Tomorka) In Rural Areas And Their Income, Sh.A. Muratov 2021 TIIAME

The Economic Assessment Of Factors Affecting Small Household(Tomorka) In Rural Areas And Their Income, Sh.A. Muratov

Irrigation and Melioration

In this research, the role and importance of income from small householding(tomorka) in rural areas, its specific features are analyzed. Economic factors were assessed through the tobit regression model of the factors influencing the formation of income from small households (tomorka) activities, and VIF (Variance inflation factor) test was conducted to determine their multicollinearity. Anonymous surveys of 170 landowners in 4 districts of Samarkand region have been used in the analysis. The age of landowners, the area of arable land, the consumption of organic and mineral fertilizers, the cost of seeds and seedlings, the cost of preparing the field ...


Inter-Disciplinary Characterization Of Streambed Heterogeneity And Its Influence On Groundwater-Stream Water Interactions, Kyle Robinson 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Inter-Disciplinary Characterization Of Streambed Heterogeneity And Its Influence On Groundwater-Stream Water Interactions, Kyle Robinson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

It is well recognized that groundwater-surface water interactions influence the quantity and quality of various hydrogeological systems (rivers, lakes, streams). Groundwater-stream systems are an important investigative area for understanding fate and transport of nutrients and chemicals within the stream. While traditional methodologies are established to provide measurement and mapping of the spatial distribution of groundwater-stream interactions and exchange fluxes across a streambed, many can be invasive, labour intensive and suffer from low sampling density. The complexity in such systems is due largely to the heterogeneous nature both spatially and temporally. Given the strong control by streambed lithology on groundwater-surface water ...


Long-Term Field Performance Of Geomembrane-Lined Cover Systems At Mine Waste Rock Piles, Deanna Hersey 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Long-Term Field Performance Of Geomembrane-Lined Cover Systems At Mine Waste Rock Piles, Deanna Hersey

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Mine waste rock piles (WRPs) are anthropogenically created landforms at active and former mining sites that can generate and release highly toxic acid mine drainage (AMD) to the environment. A common solution to control AMD generation is the use of cover systems at the WRPs to isolate the reactive waste from water and oxygen in the atmosphere. Geomembranes exhibit the characteristics needed to be highly effective barriers to atmospheric influx; however, knowledge on their performance at in-service WRPs is limited. The objective of this thesis is to comprehensively assess the field performance of geomembrane-lined cover systems for limiting meteoric water ...


Practical Issues In Floodplain Mapping Over Large Regions, James Eric Braden 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Practical Issues In Floodplain Mapping Over Large Regions, James Eric Braden

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Flooding events are among the costliest and most frequent natural hazards occurring in Canada. Floodplain mapping is a non-structural flood management strategy that involves the formulation of hydrologic and hydraulic models to produce maps which predict extent and depth of floods. Practices and availability of floodplain mapping vary across Canada. The current state of floodplain mapping across Canada has been identified and reviewed. Vast areas of flood prone regions across Canada have been identified as not having floodplain maps or lacking updated ones. Large region floodplain maps have been recently introduced and can cover national and global regions. Limitations of ...


Potential Impact Of Contour Bunds On Diclofenac Removal For Stormwater Control In Rangeland Applications, Braden Alan Whitehead 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Potential Impact Of Contour Bunds On Diclofenac Removal For Stormwater Control In Rangeland Applications, Braden Alan Whitehead

Master's Theses

Diclofenac (DCF) and other emerging contaminants have been found in environments worldwide. These contaminants may enter the environment due to the application of treated wastewater, biosolids and direct excrement related to veterinary application. Leakage from the soils toward the groundwater is largely controlled by sorption and microbial degradation. Most studies on the environmental fate of DCF have focused on degradation during wastewater treatment processes. However, little is known about their behavior in soil. In this study, the combined effect of adsorption and degradation of diclofenac has been investigated in four (4) 24 ft3 agricultural soil-filled beds designed to mimic ...


Analysis Of The Vertical Movement Of Active Gnss Stations As A Result Of Semidiurnal Tides, Rose Pearson, Eugen Niculae 2021 Technological University Dublin

Analysis Of The Vertical Movement Of Active Gnss Stations As A Result Of Semidiurnal Tides, Rose Pearson, Eugen Niculae

Conference papers

Ireland is subject to the constant effects and influence of semidiurnal tides. Western coastal regions are exposed to tidal ranges up to and exceeding five metres, consequentially introducing varied water volumes with temporal intervals. In addition, the Earth is elastic in composition, resulting in morphing and warping at the hands of celestial and oceanic forces.

This study looked at Online Precise Point Positioning (PPP) service to accurately monitor the vertical movement of coastal lands. In addition, GNSS Static Post-processing was conducted to discern which method of the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) processing is best for detecting VLM (vertical land ...


Analysis And Characterization Of Microplastics In Water Treatment Plants, 2021 Kennesaw State University

Analysis And Characterization Of Microplastics In Water Treatment Plants

Symposium of Student Scholars

Plastic pollution is a growing public concern due to its effect on our environment and oceans. Based on the increasing prevalence of microplastics in the environment, they are now present in potable water. Microplastics can be defined as pieces of synthetic polymers that can typically be measured to be smaller than five millimeters. Microplastics can stem from sources such as beauty products containing microbeads, polystyrene foam packaging, and the deterioration of disposable plastic items. Much of this waste enters natural water bodies, which is the source of our drinking water. Little is known about the microplastics contaminating our water treatment ...


Unintended Consequences Of Air Cleaning Chemistry, Douglas B. Collins, Delphine K. Farmer 2021 Bucknell University

Unintended Consequences Of Air Cleaning Chemistry, Douglas B. Collins, Delphine K. Farmer

Faculty Journal Articles

Amplified interest in maintaining clean indoor air associated with the airborne transmission risks of SARS-CoV-2 have led to an expansion in the market for commercially available air cleaning systems. While the optimal way to mitigate indoor air pollutants or contaminants is to control (remove) the source, air cleaners are a tool for use when absolute source control is not possible. Interventions for indoor air quality management include physical removal of pollutants through ventilation or collection on filters and sorbent materials, along with chemically reactive processes that transform pollutants or seek to deactivate biological entities. This perspective intends to highlight the ...


Exploring How Antecedent Precipitation Amount And The Effects Of Covid-19 Affect Stormwater Runoff Quality Along Urban Gradients, Daniel Ramirez, Katherine Gelsey 2021 Portland State University

Exploring How Antecedent Precipitation Amount And The Effects Of Covid-19 Affect Stormwater Runoff Quality Along Urban Gradients, Daniel Ramirez, Katherine Gelsey

REU Final Reports

Stormwater runoff quality is affected by a multitude of factors including surrounding land characteristics, human activities, and antecedent precipitation amounts. We explore how seasonal and variable precipitation affect E. Coli, total suspended solids, nitrogen-nitrate, orthophosphate, lead, and zinc concentrations in Portland, OR, USA. Correlation analysis was conducted between the pollutant concentrations and antecedent rainfall each sample site received for the previous 1, 3, 5, 7, and 30 days from when the sample was taken. We ran Mann-Whitney tests to determine if the levels of the pollutants were statistically different between the wet season and the dry season. We found that ...


Disturbance Triggers Non-Linear Microbe–Environment Feedbacks, Aditi Sengupta, Sarah J. Fansler, Rosalie K. Chu, Robert E. Danczak, Vanessa A. Garayburu-Caruso, Lupita Renteria, Hyun-Seob Song, Jason Toyoda, Jacqueline Wells, James C. Stegen 2021 California Lutheran University

Disturbance Triggers Non-Linear Microbe–Environment Feedbacks, Aditi Sengupta, Sarah J. Fansler, Rosalie K. Chu, Robert E. Danczak, Vanessa A. Garayburu-Caruso, Lupita Renteria, Hyun-Seob Song, Jason Toyoda, Jacqueline Wells, James C. Stegen

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Conceptual frameworks linking microbial community membership, properties, and processes with the environment and emergent function have been proposed but remain untested. Here we refine and test a recent conceptual framework using hyporheic zone sediments exposed to wetting–drying transitions. Our refined framework includes relationships between cumulative properties of a microbial community (e.g., microbial membership, community assembly properties, and biogeochemical rates), environmental features (e.g., organic matter thermodynamics), and emergent ecosystem function. Our primary aim was to evaluate the hypothesized relationships that comprise the conceptual framework and contrast outcomes from the whole and putatively active bacterial and archaeal communities. Throughout ...


Making Space For Social And Emotional Learning In Science Education, Erin Ingram, Kristie Reddick, Jessica M. Honaker, Gwen A. Pearson 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Making Space For Social And Emotional Learning In Science Education, Erin Ingram, Kristie Reddick, Jessica M. Honaker, Gwen A. Pearson

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Social-emotional learning (SEL) is known to improve student outcomes but is rarely combined with STEM. In this paper we present an action research study to examine the impact of a STEM + SEL curriculum intervention to address a real-world school conflict. One hundred sixth–eighth graders and four teachers participated in an in-person facilitation of a SEL Arthropod curriculum, DIFFERENT. After the intervention, students completed open-ended couplet statements about arthropod behavior, tarantulas, and humans designed to measure sentiment change. Answers were manually coded using inductive coding on a scale of negative (1) to positive (5). Statement sentiments significantly shifted from negative ...


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