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Adapting Global Service-Learning Project And Community Partnership Outcomes Using A “Tele-Engineering” Approach In Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Christiane Ley, Danielle Angert, Tessa Hudelson, Jordan Harris 2021 Purdue University

Adapting Global Service-Learning Project And Community Partnership Outcomes Using A “Tele-Engineering” Approach In Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Christiane Ley, Danielle Angert, Tessa Hudelson, Jordan Harris

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The Water Supply in Developing Countries (WSDC) service-learning course at Purdue University has fostered a strong partnership with the La Vega region in the Dominican Republic since 2012. During this time, an interdisciplinary group of engineering and science students has helped design drinking water treatment systems and the group has developed water, sanitation, and health (WASH) education materials. These WASH education and water safety approaches often have been conducted in person in the past. However, with the state of the COVID-19 pandemic and the inability to travel in the fall and spring semesters of the 2020–2021 academic year, the ...


Inter-Relationships Between Water Depletion And Temperature Differential In Row Crop Canopies In A Sub-Humid Climate, Jasreman Singh, Yufeng Ge, Derek M. Heeren, Elizabeth Walter-Shea, Christopher M.U. Neale, Suat Irmak, Wayne Woldt, Geng Bai, Sandeep Bhatti, Mitchell S. Maguire 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Inter-Relationships Between Water Depletion And Temperature Differential In Row Crop Canopies In A Sub-Humid Climate, Jasreman Singh, Yufeng Ge, Derek M. Heeren, Elizabeth Walter-Shea, Christopher M.U. Neale, Suat Irmak, Wayne Woldt, Geng Bai, Sandeep Bhatti, Mitchell S. Maguire

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Irrigation has a great impact on global food security as it contributes to the majority of the world’s agricultural food supply. It is essential to judiciously utilize water resources through efficient irrigation management since the majority of U.S. groundwater aquifers are rapidly depleting. Thus, quantification of the relationships between water depletion and environmental factors is important for understanding crop response to varying levels of water stresses that depletion can cause. The objectives of this research were to: 1) investigate the relationship between root zone water depletion (Drw) and canopy temperature differential (ΔT) at different ranges of D ...


Inter-Disciplinary Characterization Of Streambed Heterogeneity And Its Influence On Groundwater-Stream Water Interactions, Kyle Robinson 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Inter-Disciplinary Characterization Of Streambed Heterogeneity And Its Influence On Groundwater-Stream Water Interactions, Kyle Robinson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

It is well recognized that groundwater-surface water interactions influence the quantity and quality of various hydrogeological systems (rivers, lakes, streams). Groundwater-stream systems are an important investigative area for understanding fate and transport of nutrients and chemicals within the stream. While traditional methodologies are established to provide measurement and mapping of the spatial distribution of groundwater-stream interactions and exchange fluxes across a streambed, many can be invasive, labour intensive and suffer from low sampling density. The complexity in such systems is due largely to the heterogeneous nature both spatially and temporally. Given the strong control by streambed lithology on groundwater-surface water ...


Practical Issues In Floodplain Mapping Over Large Regions, James Eric Braden 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Practical Issues In Floodplain Mapping Over Large Regions, James Eric Braden

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Flooding events are among the costliest and most frequent natural hazards occurring in Canada. Floodplain mapping is a non-structural flood management strategy that involves the formulation of hydrologic and hydraulic models to produce maps which predict extent and depth of floods. Practices and availability of floodplain mapping vary across Canada. The current state of floodplain mapping across Canada has been identified and reviewed. Vast areas of flood prone regions across Canada have been identified as not having floodplain maps or lacking updated ones. Large region floodplain maps have been recently introduced and can cover national and global regions. Limitations of ...


Analysis And Characterization Of Microplastics In Water Treatment Plants, 2021 Kennesaw State University

Analysis And Characterization Of Microplastics In Water Treatment Plants

Symposium of Student Scholars

Plastic pollution is a growing public concern due to its effect on our environment and oceans. Based on the increasing prevalence of microplastics in the environment, they are now present in potable water. Microplastics can be defined as pieces of synthetic polymers that can typically be measured to be smaller than five millimeters. Microplastics can stem from sources such as beauty products containing microbeads, polystyrene foam packaging, and the deterioration of disposable plastic items. Much of this waste enters natural water bodies, which is the source of our drinking water. Little is known about the microplastics contaminating our water treatment ...


Unintended Consequences Of Air Cleaning Chemistry, Douglas B. Collins, Delphine K. Farmer 2021 Bucknell University

Unintended Consequences Of Air Cleaning Chemistry, Douglas B. Collins, Delphine K. Farmer

Faculty Journal Articles

Amplified interest in maintaining clean indoor air associated with the airborne transmission risks of SARS-CoV-2 have led to an expansion in the market for commercially available air cleaning systems. While the optimal way to mitigate indoor air pollutants or contaminants is to control (remove) the source, air cleaners are a tool for use when absolute source control is not possible. Interventions for indoor air quality management include physical removal of pollutants through ventilation or collection on filters and sorbent materials, along with chemically reactive processes that transform pollutants or seek to deactivate biological entities. This perspective intends to highlight the ...


Exploring How Antecedent Precipitation Amount And The Effects Of Covid-19 Affect Stormwater Runoff Quality Along Urban Gradients, Daniel Ramirez, Katherine Gelsey 2021 Portland State University

Exploring How Antecedent Precipitation Amount And The Effects Of Covid-19 Affect Stormwater Runoff Quality Along Urban Gradients, Daniel Ramirez, Katherine Gelsey

REU Final Reports

Stormwater runoff quality is affected by a multitude of factors including surrounding land characteristics, human activities, and antecedent precipitation amounts. We explore how seasonal and variable precipitation affect E. Coli, total suspended solids, nitrogen-nitrate, orthophosphate, lead, and zinc concentrations in Portland, OR, USA. Correlation analysis was conducted between the pollutant concentrations and antecedent rainfall each sample site received for the previous 1, 3, 5, 7, and 30 days from when the sample was taken. We ran Mann-Whitney tests to determine if the levels of the pollutants were statistically different between the wet season and the dry season. We found that ...


Disturbance Triggers Non-Linear Microbe–Environment Feedbacks, Aditi Sengupta, Sarah J. Fansler, Rosalie K. Chu, Robert E. Danczak, Vanessa A. Garayburu-Caruso, Lupita Renteria, Hyun-Seob Song, Jason Toyoda, Jacqueline Wells, James C. Stegen 2021 California Lutheran University

Disturbance Triggers Non-Linear Microbe–Environment Feedbacks, Aditi Sengupta, Sarah J. Fansler, Rosalie K. Chu, Robert E. Danczak, Vanessa A. Garayburu-Caruso, Lupita Renteria, Hyun-Seob Song, Jason Toyoda, Jacqueline Wells, James C. Stegen

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Conceptual frameworks linking microbial community membership, properties, and processes with the environment and emergent function have been proposed but remain untested. Here we refine and test a recent conceptual framework using hyporheic zone sediments exposed to wetting–drying transitions. Our refined framework includes relationships between cumulative properties of a microbial community (e.g., microbial membership, community assembly properties, and biogeochemical rates), environmental features (e.g., organic matter thermodynamics), and emergent ecosystem function. Our primary aim was to evaluate the hypothesized relationships that comprise the conceptual framework and contrast outcomes from the whole and putatively active bacterial and archaeal communities. Throughout ...


Making Space For Social And Emotional Learning In Science Education, Erin Ingram, Kristie Reddick, Jessica M. Honaker, Gwen A. Pearson 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Making Space For Social And Emotional Learning In Science Education, Erin Ingram, Kristie Reddick, Jessica M. Honaker, Gwen A. Pearson

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Social-emotional learning (SEL) is known to improve student outcomes but is rarely combined with STEM. In this paper we present an action research study to examine the impact of a STEM + SEL curriculum intervention to address a real-world school conflict. One hundred sixth–eighth graders and four teachers participated in an in-person facilitation of a SEL Arthropod curriculum, DIFFERENT. After the intervention, students completed open-ended couplet statements about arthropod behavior, tarantulas, and humans designed to measure sentiment change. Answers were manually coded using inductive coding on a scale of negative (1) to positive (5). Statement sentiments significantly shifted from negative ...


Urban Heat Mitigation For Current And Future Conditions: A Case Study For Downtown London On, Maryam Shams 2021 The University of Western University

Urban Heat Mitigation For Current And Future Conditions: A Case Study For Downtown London On, Maryam Shams

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The urban heat island is a phenomenon wherein urban areas experience warmer temperatures than their surrounding rural areas. Techniques to reduce excess heat in urban environments are known as heat mitigation or heat island mitigation solutions, with the intent that they reduce urban temperatures. This research presents an investigation on the impacts and effectiveness of urban heat mitigation techniques on improving the outdoor thermal conditions of downtown London, Ontario. The impact of increasing vegetated areas and applying higher albedo materials for road pavements is assessed with ENVI-Met software for current and future summer weather. Furthermore, investigations were conducted for current ...


Predicting The Spatiotemporal Exposure Of Aquatic Species To Intrusions Of Fire Retardant In Streams With Limited Data, Chris R. Rehmann, P. Ryan Jackson, Holly J. Puglis 2021 Iowa State University

Predicting The Spatiotemporal Exposure Of Aquatic Species To Intrusions Of Fire Retardant In Streams With Limited Data, Chris R. Rehmann, P. Ryan Jackson, Holly J. Puglis

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Because fire retardant can enter streams and harm aquatic species including endangered fish, agencies such as the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) must estimate the downstream extent of toxic effects every time fire retardant enters streams (denoted as an “intrusion”). A challenge in estimating the length of stream affected by the intrusion and the exposure time of species in the affected reach is the lack of data typically available on the stream's geometry and flow characteristics. Previously, the USFS estimated the affected reach length assuming instantaneous mixing of the retardant over the reach; however, this approach neglects key river ...


Droplet And Particle Dynamics In Aerosol Reactors And Environmental System, Sukrant Dhawan 2021 Washington University in St. Louis

Droplet And Particle Dynamics In Aerosol Reactors And Environmental System, Sukrant Dhawan

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Aerosol science and engineering is an enabler for continual advances in nanomaterial synthesis. The spray-based techniques have been used extensively for the large-scale production of nanoparticles. Synthesis of particles with a desired the size and morphology is of key importance for exploiting their properties for their use in several emerging technologies. In contrast to useful nanomaterials, the aerosols from industrial flue gas, dust, indoor cooking, pathogens, and wildfire etc. are harmful to human health. It is important to understand how these harmful aerosols travel through the environment and potentially impact the health. It is also very critical to improve the ...


Biofiltration Application At Ethanol Plants: Analysis Of Aqueous Streams And Treatment Of Vocs, Katie Mowat 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Biofiltration Application At Ethanol Plants: Analysis Of Aqueous Streams And Treatment Of Vocs, Katie Mowat

Environmental Engineering Theses and Graduate Student Research

The United States used 14.5 billion gallons of the biofuel ethanol in 2019 produced primarily (82%) in dry-mill corn ethanol plants. These plants produce volatile organic compounds (VOCs) — some of which are hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) — during production. Traditional treatment methods for gaseous emissions use a large quantity of water or natural gas. Thus, a bio-trickling filter (BTF) is considered an innovative alternative treatment method. A lab-scale BTF was used in this study to look at the effect of ethanol concentration and temperature on the treatment of a HAPs mixture. Gaseous and aqueous testing were performed on the influent ...


Impact And Application Of Real-Time Control On Stormwater Systems, Aaron A. Akin 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Impact And Application Of Real-Time Control On Stormwater Systems, Aaron A. Akin

Doctoral Dissertations

Stormwater control measures (SCMs) such as dry extended detention basins and wet ponds are common practices implemented by engineers and designers to mitigate the impact of stormwater runoff. These practices are designed based on historical rainfall data to attenuate runoff to pre-development conditions and, once they are installed, are unable to adapt to changing rainfall patterns or watershed restoration objectives. To solve these climate resiliency issues, several studies were conducted which investigated the impact of retrofitting such systems with a controllable outlet to increase or change detention times during rainfall events along with the novel instrumentation and methodologies necessary for ...


Identifying And Assessing Bacterial Contamination In Stormwater Runoff And Receiving Streams, Songyi Liu 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Identifying And Assessing Bacterial Contamination In Stormwater Runoff And Receiving Streams, Songyi Liu

Doctoral Dissertations

Stormwater runoff has been recognized as a significant non-point source of pollution responsible for serious ecological impacts. Microbial pollutants represent one of the major contaminants of concern in stormwater runoff and the receiving streams. Traditionally, fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) have been used extensively to assess the microbial quality of water, particularly the extent of fecal contamination in water. However, the application of FIB as indicators of microbial contamination bears known disadvantages of cultivation-dependent techniques, such as the inability to identify the majority of microbial populations that are not amenable to cultivation under laboratory conditions. The effectiveness of a cultivation-independent sequencing ...


Terrestrial Laser Scanning Technology For Measuring Streambank Retreat Along East Fork Poplar Creek And Calculating The Effect On Mercury Release., José L. Martínez Collado 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Terrestrial Laser Scanning Technology For Measuring Streambank Retreat Along East Fork Poplar Creek And Calculating The Effect On Mercury Release., José L. Martínez Collado

Masters Theses

Mercury (Hg) is a globally distributed inorganic pollutants of human concern. The high toxicity is mainly related to the capacity of Hg species to accumulate and biomagnify along aquatic food webs. Along East Fork Poplar Creek (EFPC), erosion represents the principal mercury input into the local waters, eventually reaching humans through the food chain. This research project aimed to monitor streambank erosion along a mercury-contaminated creek using Light Detention and Ranging (Lidar) technology and erosion pins. A Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) was used to generate high-resolution point clouds from August 2020 to January 2021 across nine streambank locations to detect ...


Dissolved Organic Carbon And The Potential Role To Stream Acidity In The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Jason R. Brown 2021 University of Tennessee

Dissolved Organic Carbon And The Potential Role To Stream Acidity In The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Jason R. Brown

Masters Theses

A substantial societal shift towards environmental awareness has focused research efforts on the impacts of pollution on natural landscapes. Improvements to pollutant regulations and technology have resulted in sizeable reductions of atmospheric deposition of anthropogenic acids, especially nitrates and sulfates, which has altered the role of these ions in the environment. As such, understandings of environmental chemistry dynamics have required regular updating.

Through the National Park Service Vital Signs monitoring program, increases in precipitation pH observed in Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GRSM) has been attributed to the reduction of inorganic acid concentrations. Unfortunately, these improvements have not been uniformly ...


‘Serene Classroom’ Minimizes Noise For More Conducive Learning, Zaiton Haron, Khairulzan Yahya, Nadirah Darus, Rafidah Mohd Yussup, Abdullah Zawawi Awang, Norelyza Hussien, Ain Naadia Mazlan, Rozana Zakaria, Mohammad Ismail, Noramera Nabila Amir Nizam, Ahmad Syakir Farhan A Kassim, Nur Syalyana Malek, Rifa Rafida Rifki, Helmi Kamaludin, Syamsul Hafiz Yaakob, Zaliza Haron, Sheikh Izat Azhar Sheikh Ahmad 2021 Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

‘Serene Classroom’ Minimizes Noise For More Conducive Learning, Zaiton Haron, Khairulzan Yahya, Nadirah Darus, Rafidah Mohd Yussup, Abdullah Zawawi Awang, Norelyza Hussien, Ain Naadia Mazlan, Rozana Zakaria, Mohammad Ismail, Noramera Nabila Amir Nizam, Ahmad Syakir Farhan A Kassim, Nur Syalyana Malek, Rifa Rafida Rifki, Helmi Kamaludin, Syamsul Hafiz Yaakob, Zaliza Haron, Sheikh Izat Azhar Sheikh Ahmad

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

Noise pollution can be categorized as a danger in silence. In school, noise pollution inhibits the focus of learning, impairs learning and cognitive development, for example, students' skills to think and understand both oral and written comprehension may be hampered by noise. Many schools in Malaysia experience excessive noise pollution as their locations are very near busy roads. This will be one factor that hinders the implementation of the education system in producing holistic students in order to prepare for the 4IR era. Knowing the importance of this problem, a group of researchers from UTM GREENPrompt, School of Civil Engineering ...


Análisis Del Manejo De Residuos De Construcción Y Demolición Rcd Y Sostenibilidad En La Construcción En Bogotá D.C., Karen Lizeth Trujillo Vargas, Angie Paola Quintero Vargas 2021 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Análisis Del Manejo De Residuos De Construcción Y Demolición Rcd Y Sostenibilidad En La Construcción En Bogotá D.C., Karen Lizeth Trujillo Vargas, Angie Paola Quintero Vargas

Ingeniería Civil

En el área de la ingeniería civil se generan grandes cantidades de Residuos de Construcción y Demolición, RCD, los cuales generan un grave impacto medio ambiental si no se tratan de manera adecuada siguiendo la normatividad legal vigente para el territorio colombiano. Según el Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo sostenible, en Colombia los Residuos de Construcción y Demolición (RCD), constituyen en promedio el 40% de los residuos sólidos, y la producción media de RCD es de 22’270.338 toneladas de los cuales entre el 60% y el 90% se disponen en lugares autorizados; y el restante es dispuesto en ...


Quo Vadis Lakes Azuei And Enriquillo: A Future Outlook For Two Of The Caribbean Basin's Largest Lakes, Mahrokh Moknatian, Michael Piasecki 2021 CUNY Hunter College

Quo Vadis Lakes Azuei And Enriquillo: A Future Outlook For Two Of The Caribbean Basin's Largest Lakes, Mahrokh Moknatian, Michael Piasecki

Publications and Research

Lakes Azuei (LA) and Enriquillo (LE) on Hispaniola Island started expanding in 2005 and continued to do so until 2016. After inundating large swaths of arable land, submerging a small community, and threatening to swallow a significant trade route between the Dominican Republic and Haiti; worries persisted at how far this seemingly unstoppable expansion would go. The paper outlines the approach to a look forward to answer this question vis-à-vis climate change scenarios developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It uses numerical representations of the two lakes, and it examines how the lakes might evolve, deploying three ...


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