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Evaluation Of Volatile And Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds Potentially Associated With The Gas Shale Fracturing Process In The Fayetteville And Marcellus Shale, Karl Albert Oetjen 2014 Syracuse University

Evaluation Of Volatile And Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds Potentially Associated With The Gas Shale Fracturing Process In The Fayetteville And Marcellus Shale, Karl Albert Oetjen

Theses - ALL

With the recent growth of the natural gas industry coupled with technological advancements, gas shale fracturing has become an effective and highly profitable method for natural gas production. Unlike conventional natural gas extraction which may require vertical fracturing, gas shale fracturing relies on a method known as horizontal fracturing to remove gas trapped within the impermeable facies. Compared to vertical fracturing, horizontal fracturing requires larger amounts of fluids to be injected downhole under high pressure. These fracturing fluids can contain high concentrations of petroleum hydrocarbons with known adverse health effects. Due to the large volumes used, the potential for groundwater ...


Development And Use Of Moisture-Suction Relationships For Geosynthetic Clay Liners, Jacob Law Risken 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Development And Use Of Moisture-Suction Relationships For Geosynthetic Clay Liners, Jacob Law Risken

Master's Theses and Project Reports

A laboratory test program was conducted to determine the moisture-suction relationships of geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs). Moisture-suction relationships were determined by combining suction data from pressure plate tests, contact filter paper tests, and relative humidity tests, then fitting water retention curves (WRCs) to the data. WRCs were determined for wetting processes and drying processes in terms of gravimetric moisture content and volumetric moisture content.

The effects of GCL type, hydration solution, wet-dry cycles, and temperature on the moisture-suction relationships were analyzed. The three GCLs of the test program consisted of configurations of woven and nonwoven geotextiles reinforced with needlepunched fibers ...


Greenhouse Gas Emission Analysis For Heated Pavement System, Weibin Shen, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Sunghwan Kim, Halil Ceylan 2014 Iowa State University

Greenhouse Gas Emission Analysis For Heated Pavement System, Weibin Shen, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Sunghwan Kim, Halil Ceylan

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have become significant environmental indicators in analyzing the comparative environmental impacts of conventional and newly developed alternative systems or techniques. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is considered an accepted and systematic methodology to calculate the amount of carbon released from all the processes of a system/technique, helping users select the best environmental-friendly alternative. The use of automated heating based snow removal systems is gaining attention as an alternative strategy to traditional ice and snow removal practices such as the use of anti-icing chemicals and snowplowing vehicles. Most previous studies on heated pavement systems have focused ...


Cost Comparison Of Alternative Airfield Snow Removal Methodologies, Pritha Anand, Halil Ceylan, Konstantina Gkritza, Peter Talor, Vasiliki Dimitra Pyrialakou, Sunghwan Kim, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan 2014 Iowa State University

Cost Comparison Of Alternative Airfield Snow Removal Methodologies, Pritha Anand, Halil Ceylan, Konstantina Gkritza, Peter Talor, Vasiliki Dimitra Pyrialakou, Sunghwan Kim, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Maintaining operational safety and status of airport runways during snowfall events is a challenging issue that many airports are grappling with. Ice and snow impacts on transportation infrastructure systems add significant costs to the American economy in the form of snow removal, damaged pavement and lost productivity due to travel delays. Most transport category aircraft are prohibited from operating on runways covered by untreated ice or by more than ½ inch of snow or slush. Hence, it is imperative that both small and large airports maintain operational status during snowfall events to support the existing operations. Conventional ice and snow ...


Smart Airport Pavement Instrumentation And Health Monitoring, Shuo Yang, Halil Ceylan, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Sunghwan Kim 2014 Iowa State University

Smart Airport Pavement Instrumentation And Health Monitoring, Shuo Yang, Halil Ceylan, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Sunghwan Kim

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Realistic characterization of pavement layer properties and responses under in-situ field conditions is critical for accurate airport pavement life predictions, planning pavement management activities as well as for calibration and validation of mechanistic-based pavement response prediction models. The recent advancements in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Sensor (MEMS)/Nano-Electro-Mechanical Sensor (NEMS) technologies and wireless sensor networks combined with efficient energy scavenging paradigms provide opportunities for long-term, continuous, real-time response measurement and health monitoring of transportation infrastructure systems.

This paper presents a summary review of some recent studies that have focused on the development of advanced smart sensing and monitoring systems for highway pavement system ...


International Conference On Short And Medium Span Bridges, Calgary, July 15-18, 2014, Barry A. Palynchuk PhD, Christophe Deniaud PhD 2014 SelectedWorks

International Conference On Short And Medium Span Bridges, Calgary, July 15-18, 2014, Barry A. Palynchuk Phd, Christophe Deniaud Phd

Barry A. Palynchuk PhD

The Jean River near Wabush, Labrador is crossed by two railways and an access road by twin 6m diameter culverts . They are heavily strutted inside their barrels to counteract some significant shape deformation, and are deemed not suitable to sustain the increased volume of rail traffic serving the development of the Bloom Lake mines. The owner requested the design and construction of a replacement scheme for an additional design life of 20 years with a time sensitive schedule for completion of the work during the 2013 construction season. This VE concept for the design of live load relief spans over ...


Design And Construction Of Rail And Road Live Load Relief Spans Over Existing Culverts, Barry A. Palynchuk PhD, Christophe Deniaud PhD 2014 SelectedWorks

Design And Construction Of Rail And Road Live Load Relief Spans Over Existing Culverts, Barry A. Palynchuk Phd, Christophe Deniaud Phd

Barry A. Palynchuk PhD

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF RAIL AND ROAD LIVE LOAD RELIEF SPANS OVER EXISTING CULVERTS


Thermal Numerical Analysis Of Vertical Heat Extraction Systems In Landfills, Michael Thomas Onnen 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Thermal Numerical Analysis Of Vertical Heat Extraction Systems In Landfills, Michael Thomas Onnen

Master's Theses and Project Reports

An investigation was conducted to determine the response of landfills to the operation of a vertical ground source heat pump (i.e., heat extraction system, HES). Elevated landfill temperatures, reported various researchers, impact the engineering performance of landfill systems. A numerical model was developed to analyze the influence of vertical HES operation on landfills as a function of climate and operational conditions.

A 1-D model of the vertical profile of a landfill was developed to approximate fluid temperatures in the HES. A 2-D model was then analyzed over a 40 year time period using the approximate fluid temperatures to determine ...


Finite Difference Modeling Of Surface-~Wave Scattering For Shallow Cavity Detection, Heston Travis Norcott 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Finite Difference Modeling Of Surface-~Wave Scattering For Shallow Cavity Detection, Heston Travis Norcott

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Data collection and analysis of scattering of Rayleigh-type surface waves are investigated for locating shallowly buried cavities. Surface-based seismic experiments conducted by others at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) Engineering Geophysics Test Site (EGTS) demonstrate scattering of Rayleigh waves caused by buried empty barrels (essentially air-filled cavities). The interpretation of the data is complicated by factors such as the presence of a high-velocity geologic layer just below the cavity.

This research uses a finite-difference seismic wave propagation code to compute time histories for a model that represents the Engineering Geophysics Test Site. By adding cavities to a background ...


Stability, Erosion, And Morphology Considerations For Sustainable Slope Design, Isaac Andres Jeldes Halty 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Stability, Erosion, And Morphology Considerations For Sustainable Slope Design, Isaac Andres Jeldes Halty

Doctoral Dissertations

The construction of more natural and sustainable earth slopes requires the consideration of erosion and runoff characteristics as an integral part of the design. These effects not only result in high costs for removal of sediment, but also a profound damage to the ecosystem. In this dissertation, innovative techniques are developed such that more natural appearing slopes can be designed to minimize sediment delivery, while meeting mechanical equilibrium requirements. This was accomplished by: a) examining the fundamental failure modes of slopes built with minimum compaction (FRA) to enhance quick establishment of forest, b) investigating the geomechanical and erosion stability of ...


Design And Economic Analysis Of A Geothermal Vertical Coupled Heat Pump System For The University Of Tennessee, Knoxville Campus, Joseph W. Birchfield IV, Will Kester, Jason Cho 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Design And Economic Analysis Of A Geothermal Vertical Coupled Heat Pump System For The University Of Tennessee, Knoxville Campus, Joseph W. Birchfield Iv, Will Kester, Jason Cho

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Geotechnical Report For Appalachian Community Health And Disaster Readiness: Interprofessional Practice, Ali Leib 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Geotechnical Report For Appalachian Community Health And Disaster Readiness: Interprofessional Practice, Ali Leib

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Drilled Shaft Design & Construction-Integrity Testing Issues, Mir A. Zaheer, David Latka 2014 Purdue University

Drilled Shaft Design & Construction-Integrity Testing Issues, Mir A. Zaheer, David Latka

Purdue Road School

This presentation will provide an overview of the design and construction of drilled shafts in Indiana, including construction monitoring issue, discussion of CSL, PIT and TIP testing, and comparisons with cores taken.


Static And Seismic Performance Of Geosynthetics-Strengthened Pile Foundations, Ahmed M. Taha 2014 Western University

Static And Seismic Performance Of Geosynthetics-Strengthened Pile Foundations, Ahmed M. Taha

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Geosynthetic reinforcement in earth structures has been used extensively over the last two decades. Extensive research has been carried out to investigate solutions to enhance the lateral stability of pile foundations. This research is motivated by the need to install piles in sites characterized by soft subsurface soil conditions, and often times, in seismic active areas. This research work explores an innovative use of geosynthetics to enhance the lateral performance of pile foundations. The static and seismic soil-structure-interaction behaviors of geosynthetics-reinforced pile foundation systems were evaluated using a series of reduced scale physical model tests performed on a shaking table ...


Managing Geotechnical Risk On Us Design-Build Transport Projects, Kevin McLain, Douglas D. Gransberg, Michael Loulakis 2014 Iowa State University

Managing Geotechnical Risk On Us Design-Build Transport Projects, Kevin Mclain, Douglas D. Gransberg, Michael Loulakis

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications and Papers

Awarding design-build (DB) contracts before a complete subsurface investigation is completed, makes mitigating the risk of differing site conditions difficult, if not impossible. The purpose of the study was to identify effective practices for managing geotechnical risk in DB projects, and it reports the results of a survey that included responses from 42 of 50 US state departments of transportation and a content analysis of DB requests for proposals from 26 states to gauge the client’s perspective, as well as 11 structured interviews with DB contractors to obtain the perspective from the other side of the DB contract. A ...


Analiza Rozwoju Fragmentu Zabudowy Miasta Torunia Na Podstawie Zdjęć Z Landsat7 Z Wykorzystaniem Map Granulometrycznych., Andrzej Szeszko 2014 SelectedWorks

Analiza Rozwoju Fragmentu Zabudowy Miasta Torunia Na Podstawie Zdjęć Z Landsat7 Z Wykorzystaniem Map Granulometrycznych., Andrzej Szeszko

Andrzej Szeszko

Głównym celem niniejszej pracy było określenie rozwoju części zabudowy miasta Torunia

w latach 1999-2005, oraz sprawdzenie, jakie wyniki w takim zadaniu można uzyskać stosując mapy

granulometryczne wygenerowane ze zdjęć panchromatycznych o rozdzielczości przestrzennej rzędu

kilkunastu metrów. Analizę przeprowadzono na podstawie fragmentów scen satelitarnych Landsat7

zarejestrowanych przez skaner ETM+ w kilku zakresach spektralnych.

Analiza składała się z trzech następujących etapów:

· wyodrębnienia zabudowy w latach 1999 i 2005

· określenie zmian w zabudowie na podstawie zasięgu zabudowy w latach 1999 i 2005

· określenie dokładności wyznaczenia zabudowy i zmian w zabudowie

Do wyodrębnienia zabudowy posłużono się klasyfikacją map granulometrycznych. Wybór map granulometrycznych

najwierniej oddającej ...


Simulation Of Bedrock Motion To Obtain Pga Values, Shyanaka Dananjaya, Ranjith Dissanayake, Nimal Senevirathne, Kushan K. Wijesundara 2014 Purdue University

Simulation Of Bedrock Motion To Obtain Pga Values, Shyanaka Dananjaya, Ranjith Dissanayake, Nimal Senevirathne, Kushan K. Wijesundara

International Institute for Infrastructure Resilience and Reconstruction (I3R2) Conference

This study is focused on producing the Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) values for important cities in Sri Lanka, which would provide the base to develop the national annex to the Euro Code, the current guideline in designing structures. In order to find out the magnitude and the epicenter distance of a 475-year return period earthquake, an earthquake catalog was developed. To simulate the bedrock motion FLAC Software, which uses the Finite Difference approach, was used. Five 2-D FLAC models representing five cross sections of Sri Lanka were developed. Due to the lack of local data records, a dataset of seven ...


Mitigation Of Sand Liquefaction Using In Situ Production Of Biogas With Biosealing, Yishan Li 2014 Iowa State University

Mitigation Of Sand Liquefaction Using In Situ Production Of Biogas With Biosealing, Yishan Li

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Sand liquefaction refers to a phenomenon whereby sand loses its strength and stiffness. It is responsible for many of the damages associated with earthquake. Partial desaturation of soil using bacterial production of biogas is a new method for mitigation of sand liquefaction. However, there is a concern that whether biogas in sand can be stable over a long duration when there is groundwater flow. In this study, a new method that combines biogas generation in situ with biosealing of the biogas bubbles in sand using a small quantity of biocement was developed. Biogas bubbles were produced in the form of ...


Using Geographic Information Systems To Analyze Accessibility In The West Bank, Jacob Elliott 2014 Clemson University

Using Geographic Information Systems To Analyze Accessibility In The West Bank, Jacob Elliott

All Theses

With the recent failure of another highly publicized peace talks, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict remains a polarizing and contentious geopolitical crisis. Following the Israeli victory in the Six Day War of 1967, the West Bank and its substantial Palestinian population have lived under Israeli occupation. In response to the First Palestinian Intifada (uprising), lasting from1987 to 1993, the Israeli military imposed varying degrees of regulations to limit Palestinian mobility within the West Bank. The mobility constraints, most notably in the form of checkpoints, roadblocks, and physical obstructions, dramatically increased in volume and scale during the Second Intifada from 2000 to 2005 ...


A Study Of Effectiveness Of Ground Improvement For Liquefaction Mitigation, Bin Tong 2014 Iowa State University

A Study Of Effectiveness Of Ground Improvement For Liquefaction Mitigation, Bin Tong

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Our ability to identify the existence of soil liquefaction potential is now better than our ability to know how to mitigate it economically and effectively. Based on a recent survey conducted by the Deep Foundation Institute (DFI) on liquefaction mitigation, remedial design methods and their effectiveness verification are regarded as "somewhat to highly non-uniform" by the majority of the geotechnical engineering community in the U.S.

Many recent reconnaissance reports also indicate that previous remediation design of ground improvement for liquefaction mitigation is not as reliable as expected. Hence, the lack of a uniform framework to evaluate and compare improvement ...


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