Effect Of Local Ground Conditions On Earthquake Section Effects In Tbdy-2018, 2021 Dicle Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi
Effect Of Local Ground Conditions On Earthquake Section Effects In Tbdy-2018, Mehmet Hayrullah Hayrullah Akyıldız, Ali Emre Ulu, Kübra Adar
Dicle University Journal of Engineering
It is a known fact that local ground conditions affect the seismic behavior of structures. Finally, with the earthquake resistant building design principles updated in 2018, local soil classes have also changed. At the beginning of these changes is that it brings new calculation approaches specific to situations where the ground is weak and high-rise buildings. Moreover, these special accounts are required to be controlled by experts. Considering the local soil conditions in the current earthquake code, the section effects under earthquake effects were obtained for a plane frame in a reinforced concrete structure selected as an example. At any ...
Geological Origin As An Input Variable In Reliability-Based Designs: For An Accurate Exploration In Geotechnical Engineering, 2021 Technological University Dublin
Geological Origin As An Input Variable In Reliability-Based Designs: For An Accurate Exploration In Geotechnical Engineering, Juan Camilo Viviescas, Juan Pablo Osorio
Soil is one of the most difficult materials to characterize realistically, which partly explains the uncertainty between the designs and the geostructures real behavior. Different recommendations have arisen with respect to carrying out field investigations in order to reduce the uncertainties inherent to the soil. However, the field exploration and the implementation of sophisticated geotechnical models have proven to be insufficient to mitigate the geotechnical uncertainty. Therefore, Reliability-Based Designs (RBD) emerge as a decision-making tool through the definition of the probability of failure in conjunction with the typical Factors of Safety. RBD requires a previous understanding of the most appropriate ...
Development Of A New Electro-Osmotic Consolidation Apparatus, 2021 Universidad de Antioquia
Development Of A New Electro-Osmotic Consolidation Apparatus, Yenni Mariana Ramírez-Mazo, Juan Pablo Osorio, Sergio Agudelo
Electro-osmotic consolidation is a ground improvement technique in which a DC voltage is applied to the soil via electrodes, in order to drain the water contained in the pores increasing the effective stress, and thus improving the geotechnical properties of the soil. The technique increases the shear strength, reduces the compressibility, and changes the chemical composition of the saturated soft clayey and silty soils to which it can be applied. Electro-osmotic consolidation has been successfully applied in different projects worldwide. This paper presents the development of a new electro-osmotic consolidation apparatus built at Universidad de Antioquia. Tests were carried on ...
Scaled Physical Modeling Of The Dynamics Of Granular Flow In Hopper Silos, 2021 The University of Western Ontario
Scaled Physical Modeling Of The Dynamics Of Granular Flow In Hopper Silos, Hagos Eman
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
To understand the challenges on grain flow during handling in hoppers and silos require better understanding of the granular physical flow characteristics through experiments done at large scale. However, due to the complexity of the large, controlled tests, scaled models are often used to study the behaviour. Very few of these model scale studies had been done appropriately taking the effects of gravity on silo discharge into account. This subject has also been widely investigated in different areas of geotechnical engineering related to soil erosion, land slides, and dynamic liquefaction. Granular flow rate and the dynamics of the flow are ...
Comparison Of Land Use And Flowslide Incidence In Palu Valley Following The 2018 Mw 7.5 Palu-Donggala Earthquake, 2021 The University of Maine
Comparison Of Land Use And Flowslide Incidence In Palu Valley Following The 2018 Mw 7.5 Palu-Donggala Earthquake, Peta C. Fifield
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The September 28 Mw 7.5 Palu-Donggala earthquake in Indonesia was the deadliest natural disaster in 2018. Five flowslides on the eastern side of Palu Valley, which were attributed to the substantial majority of deaths and economic losses in the region, occurred due to liquefaction of naturally dry alluvial deposits in gently sloping ground (2 to 6%). The requisite conditions for soil liquefaction are the presence of loose granular sediments and full saturation. Instigation of these catastrophic ground failures were linked to artificial saturation by an unlined agricultural irrigation canal. From a civil engineering perspective, the Palu ground failures on ...
Finite Element Numerical Modeling And Parametric Study Of Geosynthetic Reinforced Pile-Supported Embankments, 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
Finite Element Numerical Modeling And Parametric Study Of Geosynthetic Reinforced Pile-Supported Embankments, Abdallah Ikbarieh
LSU Master's Theses
This study directed at investigating the performance of the pile-supported embankment system utilizing a geosynthetic reinforced load transfer platform (GRLTP) using Finite Element numerical modeling. A 2D Finite Element Modeling (FEM) methodology was first developed using PLAXIS 2D 2021 computer software and verified by well-documented case studies in the literature of this system. Second, a performance prediction was made for a field case study of the Amite River Project near French Settlement, which is located along Route LA 16 Livingston Parish in Louisiana State. A comprehensive FEM parametric study was then carried out to evaluate the performance of the system ...
Probabilistic Analysis Of The Active Earth Pressure On Earth Retaining Walls For C‑Φ Soils According To The Mazindrani And Ganjali Method, Julian Osorio, Juan Camilo Viviescas, Juan Pablo Osorio
The determination of the earth pressure coefficients (K) in geotechnical engineering is one of the most critical procedures in designing earth retaining walls. However, most earth pressure theories are made for either clay or sands, where the c-ϕ soils are the least analysed. In this paper, an analysis of the earth pressure for drained mixed soils based in Mazindrani and Ganjali (J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 123:110–112, 1997) theory was carried out. Earth pressure coefficients are generally used in a deterministic way and can represent designs under an inadmissible risk. Therefore, Reliability-based design arises as an essential tool to ...
Comportamiento De Los Distintos Sistemas Constructivos Para Dos Sótanos En El Suelo Lacustre De Bogotá, 2021 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá
Comportamiento De Los Distintos Sistemas Constructivos Para Dos Sótanos En El Suelo Lacustre De Bogotá, Julián David González Agudelo, José Luis Sierra Lozada
El proyecto, cuenta con una detallada investigación, en la que se comparan procesos constructivos para sótanos, y la manera como se realizan las excavaciones para los mismos, minimizando errores en el proceso y aumentando factores de seguridad con los que se trabaja en los suelos no muy resistentes, como lo es el lacustre de la ciudad de Bogotá. Además, se hace un análisis de tiempos por medio del software de administración de proyectos 'Project', y un análisis de precios unitarios para cada uno de los procesos constructivos que se trabajaron en el presente proyecto de investigación.
El proyecto, se llevó ...
Dynamic Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis: Detecting The Reliability Of Modelling The Piles As A Plate Element For A Multistory Building Resting On Deep Foundation, 2021 MS candidate, Faculty of Engineering, Beirut Arab University
Dynamic Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis: Detecting The Reliability Of Modelling The Piles As A Plate Element For A Multistory Building Resting On Deep Foundation, Zeinab Hussein Zein Z.H.Zein, Lina Jaber L. Jaber, Yehya Temsah Y. Temsah
BAU Journal - Science and Technology
The assessment of seismic responses of buildings in dynamic-soil-pile-structure interaction problems has been one of the main interests among researchers in recent decades. Simulating such problems is usually done by two-dimensional models to overcome the difficulties encountered in 3D models. Commonly, piles were represented by plate elements of infinite length, disregarding the soil flowing between piles. Recently, Plaxis – a finite element software- implemented a new feature known as “the embedded pile row” that allows the definition of piles' out of plane spacing in a 2D model. Many researchers proved its validity in accurately simulating the real 3D pile’s behavior ...
Characterization Of Landslide Processes From Radar Remote Sensing And Hydromechanical Modeling, 2021 Southern Methodist University
Characterization Of Landslide Processes From Radar Remote Sensing And Hydromechanical Modeling, Yuankun Xu
Earth Sciences Theses and Dissertations
Landsides are a natural geomorphic process yet a dangerous hazard which annually causes thousands of casualties and billions of property loss in a global scale. Understanding landslide motion kinematics from early initiation to final deposition is critical for monitoring, assessing, and forecasting landslide movement in order to mitigate their hazards. Landslides occur under diverse environmental settings and appear in variable types; however, all types of landslides can be mechanically attributed to shearing failure at the basal surface due to stress regime shift contributed by internal and/or external forcing. Typical internal factors include soil/rock weathering, whereas typical external triggering ...
Examination Of The Correlation Between Shear Strength, California Bearing Ratio, And Index Properties Of Fine-Grained Soil, 2021 Kennesaw State University
Examination Of The Correlation Between Shear Strength, California Bearing Ratio, And Index Properties Of Fine-Grained Soil, Billy W. Rushema
Master of Science in Civil Engineering Theses
California Bering Ratio (CBR) is used to evaluate the strength of the pavement materials by comparing bearing capacity of the material with that of a high-quality crushed stone. This test adopted by transportation agencies and widely used in the design and analysis of pavement. Several agencies developed design thickness chart based on the CBR values of the subgrade. However, CBR test is time consuming and expensive to perform compared to shear strength test and therefore several studies have been conducted to establish correlation between shear strength and CBR. The published correlation models between CBR and shear strength of soil ...
Analysis Of Shear-Strength In Weathered Shale Strata Along A Highway Slope Failure Site In Northwest Arkansas, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Analysis Of Shear-Strength In Weathered Shale Strata Along A Highway Slope Failure Site In Northwest Arkansas, Olivia Overton
Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses
Slope failures cost millions of dollars per year to repair and can be deadly. Accurate modeling of slope conditions, including soil parameters, water table locations, and depth to bedrock, are essential to determining the overall stability of a slope. This project is a continuation of the work completed in 2019 by a former University of Arkansas researcher, Vanessa LeBow. LeBow RocScience used Slide2 modeling software to model two highway embankment slopes in Northwest Arkansas that experienced slope movement to determine whether increased use of geophysical data could increase the accuracy of slope stability models. A parametric study of shear strengths ...
When It Rains, It Pours: A Case Study Of Spatio-Temporal Variations In High-Intensity Precipitation Events In Arkansas, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
When It Rains, It Pours: A Case Study Of Spatio-Temporal Variations In High-Intensity Precipitation Events In Arkansas, Deanna Mantooth-Hendrix
Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Climate change is having an impact on weather systems and ecosystems worldwide. Glaciers are receding, oceans are acidifying, hurricanes are stronger, and extreme precipitation is increasing in frequency. Even with the wealth of data and knowledge about the threat of climate change, some places are slow to adapt because they think that the impact to their ecosystem will not be severe. The goal of this project was to determine if climate change is having an impact on extreme precipitation in the top urban areas of Arkansas. The major concern with an increase in extreme events in urban areas is flooding ...
Shallow 3d Shear Wave Velocity Model And Revised Site Period Prediction Map For The Mexico City Basin, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Shallow 3d Shear Wave Velocity Model And Revised Site Period Prediction Map For The Mexico City Basin, Rendon Martin Rieth
Graduate Theses and Dissertations
The goal of this study was to revise the existing site period prediction map and to develop a shallow 3D shear wave velocity model of the Mexico City Basin. To accomplish this goal, an extensive literature review was performed to compile as much pertinent shear wave velocity and site period data for the region. In total, 75 sites were used to revise the site period prediction map and 40 sites were used to develop the shear wave velocity model. The 2004 Complementary Technical Standards of Mexico site period prediction map was adjusted with new site period measurements across the basin ...
Effects Of Flow Path Factors In The Permeability Of Natural And Man-Made Granular Soils Using The Kozeny-Carman Equation, Robert Davies
All Graduate Plan B and other Reports
The research presented in this paper serves to observe how the flow path factors relate to the void ratio, the effective diameter of a soil particle, and the permeability of a given sample assuming the behavior is consistent across natural and artificial soils. The basis of the comparison is the derived Kozeny-Carman Equation for permeability with focus on the factors Cs and Cl where Cs represents the shape of the flow path and Cl represents the length of the flow path that a single water molecule must travel through a soil sample. Permeameter tests were conducted ...
Site Development Services At Mcghee Tyson Airport, 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Site Development Services At Mcghee Tyson Airport, Luke A. Edwards, Tyler Bomar, Scott Cole, Samuel Enders, Matthew Dearborn
Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects
No abstract provided.
Desarrollo De Un Software Para Establecer La Investigación Geotécnica Con Base En Las Zonas Sísmicas De La Microzonificación De Bogotá, 2021 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá
Desarrollo De Un Software Para Establecer La Investigación Geotécnica Con Base En Las Zonas Sísmicas De La Microzonificación De Bogotá, Keli Johana Aguiar Polo, Arnulfo Monroy Cortes
La presente investigación consistió en optimizar el proceso de definición de la investigación geotécnica en estructuras proyectadas en la ciudad Bogotá, a partir de un software desarrollado con el lenguaje de programación “Python”. El programa consta de 3 etapas: la primera consistió en acceder a una aproximación del perfil del suelo, por medio de la localización de un proyecto dentro del mapa de zonas de respuesta sísmica de la microzonificación de Bogotá, creado y desarrollado por el Fondo de Prevención y Atención de Emergencias y posteriormente adaptado por del Decreto 523 de 2010. Durante la segunda etapa, se definieron las ...
Soil Improvement By Electro-Osmotic Consolidation: Laboratory Testing, 2021 Universidad de Antioquia
Soil Improvement By Electro-Osmotic Consolidation: Laboratory Testing, Yenni Mariana Ramírez-Mazo, Juan Pablo Osorio, Sergio C. Agudelo-Flórez
Electro-osmotic consolidation is a ground improvement technique that has been successfully implemented on the field and at laboratory scale since the 30s. However, its application has been done primarily through empirical procedures and experience. The determinant variables in the effectiveness and efficiency of the improvement are numerous and require further studies. This paper presents the evaluation of the improvement process of an inorganic low plasticity clay subjected to a 150 V/m voltage during 5780 minutes. The special analysis of the strains showed differential settlements, as well as cracking at the surface and with depth. The consolidations curves obtained follow ...
Hazard Mapping For Infrastructure Planning In The Arctic, 2021 Air Force Institute of Technology
Hazard Mapping For Infrastructure Planning In The Arctic, Christopher I. Amaddio
Theses and Dissertations
Using modern high-resolution aerial photographs, LiDAR, historical aerial photographs, and facility data, a hazard mapping effort identified risks to infrastructure at Thule Air Base, Greenland, based on visible terrain features, surface hydrology, and slope; the distribution of these risks were then compared to existing foundation damage. The analysis indicated abundant and widespread geotechnical hazards at Thule Air Base and a weak relationship to existing foundation damage that requires more research to understand. The resulting hazard maps provide a critical tool for risk assessment and planning as well as a model for other locations to follow.
Numerical Investigation And Design Of Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Equipped With Tuned Liquid Multiple Columns Dampers, Zhe Wang, Liang Cao, Filippo Ubertini, Simon Laflamme
Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications
The tuned liquid multiple column damper (TLMCD) is a variation of the tuned liquid column damper (TLCD) that includes multiple vertical columns. A new damping system that embeds TLMCDs within reinforced concrete shear wall systems, termed tuned liquid wall damper (TLWD), is proposed, augmenting the traditional structural component with energy dissipation capabilities. The objective of this study is to assess energy mitigation and strength trade-offs in designing TLWDs and demonstrating the promise of TLWD systems in tall buildings through vertically distributed applications. This is done by investigating the performance of the proposed TLWD through the finite element model (FEM) of ...