Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Other Civil and Environmental Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1064 Full-Text Articles 2871 Authors 147578 Downloads 43 Institutions

All Articles in Other Civil and Environmental Engineering

Faceted Search

1064 full-text articles. Page 1 of 50.

A Time-Series Forecasting Model For Windhoek Rainfall, Namibia, Godfrey T. Pazvakawambwa 2017 University of Namibia, Faculty of Engineering and IT

A Time-Series Forecasting Model For Windhoek Rainfall, Namibia, Godfrey T. Pazvakawambwa

Andrews Research Conference

The objective of the study was to use time series forecasting techniques to model Windhoek rainfall based on secondary monthly data from 1891 to 2011. Descriptive summary statistics in the form of measures of centrality and dispersion, time series plots, and autocorrelation functions were generated using R time series statistical software. The Box Jenkin’s ARIMA modelling procedure (model identification, model estimation, model validation) was used to determine the best models for the data. Model diagnostics based on residual analysis were performed to assess the adequacy of the identified models. The final model was then used to forecast monthly rainfall ...


Netpoint®, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Netpoint®, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The vast majority of construction scheduling software uses a combination of spreadsheets and Gantt charts for developing and depicting Critical Path Method (CPM) schedules. While this paradigm works for the expert scheduler, it is not conducive to collaboration, and it is prohibitively difficult for non-scheduling experts to understand.

NetPoint® provides a dynamic, visual interface conducive to touch and gestural input. Activities are drawn directly on a time-scale and may be placed on the same row or arranged automatically using codes or the WBS. Such control of the presentation makes it easier to communicate the plan to any type of audience ...


Fluid Isolator, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Fluid Isolator, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The reliability of concrete infrastructure is vital to ensuring daily life, as well as commerce, can progress without interruption. From the pavement of interstate highways to the driveways and sidewalks in a local neighborhood, concrete is expensive to install and often even more expensive, and intrusive, when it needs to be replaced. Unfortunately, to maintain functionality in winter climates concrete is heavily exposed to deicing salts. This not only affects the roads, driveways, and sidewalks where salt is applied directly, but many other areas such as parking and residential garages where vehicles (and people) will track salt along with water ...


Induced Earthquakes And Public Safety, Lyndsey L. Dickson 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Induced Earthquakes And Public Safety, Lyndsey L. Dickson

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Like the number of earthquakes felt in Oklahoma, the number of media reports regarding large-magnitude earthquakes in Oklahoma has increased in recent years. News headlines that mention property damage and question who is responsible have sparked heated debated. In this document, a discussion is presented over the responsibility of engineers for the public’s safety in relation to earthquakes. Input from various groups is discussed, the action taken in Oklahoma is outlined, and ethical obligations presented by the American Society of Civil Engineers are considered. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has reported a major grievance against building-code committees, but ...


Smartvid.Io, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Smartvid.Io, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The collection, organization, and retrieval of industrial media is a pervasive challenge that is especially glaring for companies in the AEC industry. Construction projects often generate large volumes of pictures & videos from the field for tracking progress and communicating between engineers, contractors, and subcontractors. It is not uncommon for field personnel to capture hundreds of photos per week on any given jobsite.

Smartvid.io is a cloud-based software solution designed for the specific needs of industrial media. The application’s internal deep-learning engines, collectively nicknamed VINNIE (for ‘Very Intelligent Neural Network for Insight and Evaluation’), use speech and image recognition ...


Hillman Composite Beam (Hcb®), Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Hillman Composite Beam (Hcb®), Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The Hillman-Composite Beam (HCB®), is an innovative structural member for use in highway and railroad bridges as well as marine facilities. The HCB is essentially a lightweight reinforced concrete beam strengthened and protected by a corrosion-resistant and resilient Fiberglass Reinforced Polymer (FRP) shell.

The beam is comprised of three main components, a concrete arch (compression reinforcement), an FRP bottom flange encapsulating steel strands tying the ends of the arch together (tension reinforcement) and the FRP shell. Galvanized Rebar “shear connectors” are used to make the beam composite with the concrete deck in the same manner as pre-stressed concrete beams.

The ...


Industrial-Grade Monitoring Solution: Hoistcam, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Industrial-Grade Monitoring Solution: Hoistcam, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Safety and productivity are top priorities for contractors and industrial operations. Improving either makes a company more profitable and competitive. Technology advancements that can do both are important for every company to consider. HoistCamTM industrial-grade video monitoring solutions can improve employees’ productivity and workplace safety in the construction industries. HoistCam also improves efficiency of operations and reduces job site accidents resulting in substantial cost savings to a contractor.

HoistCam™ is an integrated, wireless video system. The use of HoistCam eliminates blind lifts, blind spots and can share the live video with anyone, anywhere with solid security and easy control ...


Cwr 4812 Water Resources Design, Sarina Ergas 2017 University of South Florida

Cwr 4812 Water Resources Design, Sarina Ergas

Service-Learning Syllabi

No abstract provided.


Purdue Ect Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Purdue Ect Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Fourth Quarter 2016

This is a quarterly report from the Purdue ECT.


Integrated Assessment Of Novel Two-Season Production Systems In Mato Grosso, Brazil, Marcelo Moraes, Affonso Libera, Evgeny Latynskiy, Anna Hampf, José Maria Silveira, Thomas Berger 2017 Universität Hohenheim

Integrated Assessment Of Novel Two-Season Production Systems In Mato Grosso, Brazil, Marcelo Moraes, Affonso Libera, Evgeny Latynskiy, Anna Hampf, José Maria Silveira, Thomas Berger

Marcelo Carauta

One of the most significant advantages of growing crops in Mato Grosso (in mid-western Brazil) is that farmers can grow two crops (in some specific cases even three) in the same season. From an economic point of view, on the one hand, this provides a strong comparative advantage. On the other hand, this increases the number of decision variables that a decision making agent has to take into account. The agricultural production planning is complex and dynamic and it needs to consider crop rotation/succession in accordance with annual variability of climatic conditions. We developed a region-specific bio-economic micro-simulation model ...


Bicp Global Bim Study - Lessons For Ireland’S Bim Programme, Barry McAuley, Alan Hore, Roger West 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

Bicp Global Bim Study - Lessons For Ireland’S Bim Programme, Barry Mcauley, Alan Hore, Roger West

Reports

The Construction IT Alliance (CitA) has been promoting the benefits of digitisation in the construction and engineering industry in Ireland since its formation back in 2002. Whilst the Alliance has always strived to ensure that its members are exposed to a wide spectrum of contemporary digital tools and processes, the concept of Building Information Modelling (BIM) has dominated the focus of its activities over the past five years.

BIM can be described as a digital tool that facilitates everybody to better understand a building or structure through the use of a digital model which draws on a range of data ...


Road Zipper™, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Road Zipper™, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Construction work zones are growing in number around the world. The natural aging of existing roadway infrastructure ensures that more and more maintenance and rehabilitation will be required. Work zones, by their very definition, create two major problems that must be addressed in some way: safety and mobility. In the United States, highway work zones are responsible for almost 25% of all non-recurring congestion and 10% of overall congestion. Vehicle accidents are more common in work zones, and traffic congestion through work zones on urban arterials and freeways is often considered to be “unavoidable." To address these issues, ROAD ZIPPER ...


Microbial Repopulation Following In Situ Star Remediation, Gavin Overbeeke 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Microbial Repopulation Following In Situ Star Remediation, Gavin Overbeeke

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In situ STAR (Self-sustaining Treatment for Active Remediation) is an emerging remediation technology which uses smouldering combustion to destroy nonaqueous phase liquid (NAPL) contamination in the subsurface. Since STAR smouldering travels through contaminated soils slowly (~0.5 to 5 m/day) and subjects them to high temperatures (400–1000°C), it is expected that this technology will thoroughly dry and sterilize the zones which it treats. Further, soils surrounding the treatment zone which are not smouldered will be heated, although not smouldered, by virtue of their proximity to STAR, impacting microbial communities within them. Therefore, the objectives of this work ...


A Parametric Study On Reliability-Based Tmd Design Against Bridge Flutter, Filippo Ubertini, Gabriele Comanducci, Simon Laflamme 2017 University of Perugia

A Parametric Study On Reliability-Based Tmd Design Against Bridge Flutter, Filippo Ubertini, Gabriele Comanducci, Simon Laflamme

Simon Laflamme

We present a probabilistic methodology for designing tuned mass dampers for flutter suppression in long-span bridges. The procedure is computationally efficient and computes the probability of flutter occurrence based on a modified firstorder method of reliability analysis, a reduced-order representation of the structure and a time domain formulation of aeroelastic loads. Results of a parametric investigation show that the proposed methodology is preferable to a deterministic design procedure, which relies on nominal values of mechanical and aerodynamic parameters and does not guarantee the maximum safety. Furthermore, the reliability-based approach can be effectively used in the design of multiple tuned mass ...


High Capacity Variable Friction Damper Based On Band Brake Technology, Austin R.J. Downey, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Douglas Taylor, James Ricles 2017 Iowa State University

High Capacity Variable Friction Damper Based On Band Brake Technology, Austin R.J. Downey, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Douglas Taylor, James Ricles

Simon Laflamme

Implementation of high performance controllable damping devices can ameliorate cost-effectiveness of structural systems for mitigation of natural hazards. However, the applications of these damping systems are limited due to a lack of (1) mechanical robustness; (2) electrical reliability; and (3) large resisting force capability. To broaden the implementation of modern damping systems, a novel semi-active damping device is proposed. The device, termed Banded Rotary Friction Device (BRFD), has enhanced applicability compared to other proposed damping systems due to its cost-effectiveness, high damping performance, mechanical robustness, and technological simplicity. Its mechanical principle is based on a band brake, which results in ...


The Irreversible Momentum Of Clean Energy, Barack Obama 2017 President of the United States

The Irreversible Momentum Of Clean Energy, Barack Obama

US Department of Energy Publications

The release of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) due to human activity is increasing global average surface air temperatures, disrupting weather patterns, and acidifying the ocean. Left unchecked, the continued growth of GHG emissions could cause global average temperatures to increase by another 4°C or more by 2100 and by 1.5 to 2 times as much in many midcontinent and far northern locations. Although our understanding of the impacts of climate change is increasingly and disturbingly clear, there is still debate about the proper course for U.S. policy—a debate that is very ...


Moving Integrated Weed Management From Low Level To A Truly Integrated And Highly Specific Weed Management System Using Advanced Technologies, S. L. Young, S. K. Pitla, F. K. Van Evert, J. K. Schueller, F. J. Pierce 2017 Cornell University

Moving Integrated Weed Management From Low Level To A Truly Integrated And Highly Specific Weed Management System Using Advanced Technologies, S. L. Young, S. K. Pitla, F. K. Van Evert, J. K. Schueller, F. J. Pierce

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Integrated weed management (IWM) is one of the most commonly referred to approaches for sustainable and effective weed control in agriculture, yet it is not widely practiced, likely because current IWM systems fail to meet performance expectations of growers. The effectiveness and value of IWM systems should increase with increasing application specificity and true integration made possible with contemporary advances in technology, information systems and decision support. IWM systems can be classified based on their degree of application specificity and level of integration of tactics. In the application specificity pathway, a tactic is applied at a range of scales, from ...


Large Co2 And Ch4 Emissions From Polygonal Tundra During Spring Thaw In Northern Alaska, Naama Raz-Yaseef, Margaret S. Torn, Yuxin Wu, David P. Billesbach, Anna K. Liljedahl, Timothy J. Kneafsey, Vladimir E. Romanovsky, David R. Cook, Stan D. Wullschleger 2017 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Large Co2 And Ch4 Emissions From Polygonal Tundra During Spring Thaw In Northern Alaska, Naama Raz-Yaseef, Margaret S. Torn, Yuxin Wu, David P. Billesbach, Anna K. Liljedahl, Timothy J. Kneafsey, Vladimir E. Romanovsky, David R. Cook, Stan D. Wullschleger

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

The few prethaw observations of tundra carbon fluxes suggest that there may be large spring releases, but little is known about the scale and underlying mechanisms of this phenomenon. To address these questions, we combined ecosystem eddy flux measurements from two towers near Barrow, Alaska, with mechanistic soil-core thawing experiment. During a 2 week period prior to snowmelt in 2014, large fluxes were measured, reducing net summer uptake of CO2 by 46% and adding 6% to cumulative CH4 emissions. Emission pulses were linked to unique rain-on-snow events enhancing soil cracking. Controlled laboratory experiment revealed that as surface ice ...


Multiple Drivers Of Seasonal Change In Pri: Implications For Photosynthesis 1. Leaf Level, Anatoly A. Gitelson, John A. Gamon, Alexei E. Solovchenko 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Multiple Drivers Of Seasonal Change In Pri: Implications For Photosynthesis 1. Leaf Level, Anatoly A. Gitelson, John A. Gamon, Alexei E. Solovchenko

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

The goal of this study was to explore the relationships between the photochemical reflectance index (PRI) at the leaf level and pigment pools, focusing on the constitutive role of pigments in influencing PRI over seasonal or ontogenetic time frames. The purpose was to re-evaluate the role of PRI as an indicator of seasonally shifting pigment (chlorophyll, carotenoid and anthocyanin) contents, and hence photosynthetic activity, across a range of tree and crop species. We studied natural vegetation — three tree species (maple, chestnut and beech) and two managed irrigated and rain-fed crop species (maize and soybean), contrasting in photosynthetic pathway and leaf ...


Runoff Water Quality Characteristics Following Swine Slurry Application Under Broadcast And Injected Conditions, Nicole R. Schuster, Shannon L. Bartelt-Hunt, Lisa M. Durso, John E. Gilley, Xu Li, David B. Marx, Amy M. Schmidt, Daniel D. Snow 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Runoff Water Quality Characteristics Following Swine Slurry Application Under Broadcast And Injected Conditions, Nicole R. Schuster, Shannon L. Bartelt-Hunt, Lisa M. Durso, John E. Gilley, Xu Li, David B. Marx, Amy M. Schmidt, Daniel D. Snow

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

This study was conducted to measure the effects of swine slurry application method, time following slurry application, and runoff rate on selected water quality characteristics. Slurry from a commercial swine operation was broadcast or injected on field plots at a rate required to meet annual nitrogen requirements for corn. Rainfall simulation tests were conducted at five varying periods following slurry application. During each study period, three simulated rainfall events, separated by 24 h intervals, were applied for 30 min duration at an intensity of approximately 70 mm h-1. Following the third rainfall simulation event, inflow was applied at the ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress