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Statistics And Artificial Intelligence-Based Pavement Performance And Remaining Service Life Prediction Models For Flexible And Composite Pavement Systems, Orhan Kaya, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Danny Waid, Brian P. Moore 2020 Iowa State University

Statistics And Artificial Intelligence-Based Pavement Performance And Remaining Service Life Prediction Models For Flexible And Composite Pavement Systems, Orhan Kaya, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Danny Waid, Brian P. Moore

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

In their pavement management decision-making processes, U.S. state highway agencies are required to develop performance-based approaches by the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) federal transportation legislation. One of the performance-based approaches to facilitate pavement management decision-making processes is the use of remaining service life (RSL) models. In this study, a detailed step-by-step methodology for the development of pavement performance and RSL prediction models for flexible and composite (asphalt concrete [AC] over jointed plain concrete pavement [JPCP]) pavement systems in Iowa is described. To develop such RSL models, pavement performance models based on statistics and artificial ...


2-D Non-Linear Finite Element Analysis Of Folsom Dam: Seismically Induced Separation And Pore Pressure Along The Soil-Concrete Interface, Grace Amoussou 2020 Kennesaw State University

2-D Non-Linear Finite Element Analysis Of Folsom Dam: Seismically Induced Separation And Pore Pressure Along The Soil-Concrete Interface, Grace Amoussou

Master of Science in Civil Engineering Theses

The seismic soil-concrete interface stability of composite dams has been an area of interest to many researchers. However, the true interface behavior during a seismic event has not been well understood. During a ground shaking, bonding and de-bonding action along the interface may cause significant separation of soil and concrete surfaces, and such a separation may take place at any depth along the interface creating a stability concern for the overall dam. Moreover, the repetitive nature of bonding/debonding behavior may induce excess pore pressure along the interface, which in turn, may trigger a liquefaction failure or a hydraulic fracture ...


Faith Promise Lane: From Cherahala Boulevard To Tn-162 Mp 1.9, Zachary W. Jerome 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Faith Promise Lane: From Cherahala Boulevard To Tn-162 Mp 1.9, Zachary W. Jerome

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Nitrate And Herbicides Removal From Groundwater Using Immobilized Algae, Sara Mollamohammada 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Nitrate And Herbicides Removal From Groundwater Using Immobilized Algae, Sara Mollamohammada

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

To improve crop yield and control broadleaf weeds, many farmers apply nitrate-based fertilizers and chemical herbicides to their fields. Excessive use of these chemicals can cause contamination in waterbodies and impact on the public health. The physical and chemical methods have been suggested to remove these herbicides are usually costly. In this study, the capability of immobilized algal beads in removing nitrate and several herbicides of environmental concern from synthetic and actual groundwater and surface water was evaluated.

The experiments were performed in batch, sequencing batch and continuous flow modes and the effect of different operational conditions (light intensity, cultivation ...


Choto Peninsula Low-Pressure Sewer Design, Joseph Bresson, Tyler Galyon, Alexander Gothard, Ryan Livesey, Jonathan West 2020 University of Tennessee-Knoxville

Choto Peninsula Low-Pressure Sewer Design, Joseph Bresson, Tyler Galyon, Alexander Gothard, Ryan Livesey, Jonathan West

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Countermeasures For Pedestrian-Involved Accidents On Interstate-Highways, Anna C. Hunter 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Countermeasures For Pedestrian-Involved Accidents On Interstate-Highways, Anna C. Hunter

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Pedestrian access to the Interstate is prohibited, but many pedestrian-involved accidents still occur on the Interstate in the United States. This project is a case study of West Memphis, Arkansas, which has the second highest occurrence of pedestrian-involved accidents on the Interstate in Arkansas. The study site location includes a segment of Interstate I-40 which is at- grade. The surrounding area contains several different land-uses, which is believed to be the primary generator of these accidents. The goal of this project is to determine the primary causes of these accidents and determine potential countermeasures to reduce the crash rate for ...


Understanding Workability In Belitic Calcium Sulfoaluminate Concrete Mixtures, Caleb W. Chesnut 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Understanding Workability In Belitic Calcium Sulfoaluminate Concrete Mixtures, Caleb W. Chesnut

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Belitic Calcium Sulfoaluminate cement (BCSA) is an emerging technology in the concrete industry. BCSA has similar hardened properties to portland cement (PC) but can set in under 20 minutes and reach 4,000 psi in less than 2 hours. Portland cement accounts for 8% of the world’s CO2 emissions, BCSA cements require less energy to produce. Studies have shown that 40% less CO2 is emitted during the production of BCSA cement than portland cement. This environmental benefit also makes it a very promising PC alternative. Before a new material can be used, designers need to understand the material’s ...


Soil Moisture Content Determination By Means Of The Electromagnetic Spectrum, Julia Loshelder 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Soil Moisture Content Determination By Means Of The Electromagnetic Spectrum, Julia Loshelder

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Soil moisture content provides information about the strength, permeability, and compressibility of the soil under investigation. In the research described herein, the relationship between moisture content and reflectance values obtained from spectroscopy was developed to investigate whether in-situ moisture content can be determined in a faster and more efficient way than the current methods. The soil under investigation was laboratory-compacted kaolinite clay mixed with pyranine dye. These specimens were placed beneath an ultraviolet light and a halogen illuminator where reflectance values were collected over a 24-hour period. Correlations were developed from the following methods: 1) spectral indices, 2) continuum analyses ...


Applying Performance Engineered Mixture Design To Permeable Concrete, Rachel Pohl 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Applying Performance Engineered Mixture Design To Permeable Concrete, Rachel Pohl

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The scope of research and application related to permeable pavements has recently broadened. The desire to significantly reduce the environmental impact of large paved areas makes the permeable pavement concept more desirable (American Concrete Institute, 2018). Although research and interest are increasing, the actual application of permeable pavement is still very limited and has not reached the airfield arena. In airfields, permeable pavement could possibly be used for aircraft aprons - which currently require substantial measures to control stormwater runoff. Permeable pavements are typically used in low-traffic-volume / lightly loaded applications; questions remain regarding a permeable pavement’s ability to hold the ...


Design Wind Loads For Air-Permeable Multilayer Cladding Systems, Connell S. Miller 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Design Wind Loads For Air-Permeable Multilayer Cladding Systems, Connell S. Miller

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Monetary losses from severe wind storms continue to rise despite improvements to building codes. This is because air-permeable multilayer cladding systems such as vinyl siding and roof pavers are a major component of the monetary losses in severe wind storms, but there are not legal requirements for these products. Some air-permeable multilayer products have manufacturing standards that deal with design loads by eliminating the cavity flow and applying a pressure equalization factor to account for the reduction in net load caused by this cavity flow. The objective of this thesis was to develop design guidelines for wind loads on air-permeable ...


Sidewalk Lighting, Connor Nee, Kelsey Strand, Patrick Soreng 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Sidewalk Lighting, Connor Nee, Kelsey Strand, Patrick Soreng

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The city of Watseka desires to improve thier downtown area where most shops and businesses are located. One of the ways they intend to do this is by implementing solar powered pedestrian walkway lighting along the major downtown walkways, the goal of this is to attract more businesses to the town. This will also increase revenue for the town, create a more welcoming atmosphere, and provide more jobs for the residents of Watseka.


Floodplain Analysis, Kyle Michael, Bryce Vollrath, Aaron Steele 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Floodplain Analysis, Kyle Michael, Bryce Vollrath, Aaron Steele

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The village of Watseka, Illinois has experienced several 100-year floods over a short period of time and needs a solution to solve its flooding problem. The goal of the project is to come up with multiple solutions that could reduce flooding. All designs were intended to ensure that the wastewater treatment plant stays operational during flood conditions. To do so, analysis of the wastewater treatment plant was completed. Then, designs that focused on reducing river flood stages were analyzed. By preventing the river from reaching and cresting at it’s flood stage, the town’s risk of flooding is greatly ...


Process Water Recycling, Adrian Barron, Josiah Snider, Kyle Serpe 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Process Water Recycling, Adrian Barron, Josiah Snider, Kyle Serpe

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The Millipore Sigma-Kankakee Site uses high volumes of water for many operations. One operation utilizes approximately 3600 L of water per batch every couple days and more than 3.8MM liters of water per year. The water is utilized as a component of the buffer washes used in the extraction process for cholesterol that involves various other components such as silica and ions such as sodium, sulfur, and phosphate. The washes that go through the process involve these components and large amounts of water that are then drained out of the facility. This volume is roughly 7% of the site ...


The Siltcatcher: A Sediment-Capture System For Wetland Creation And Coastal Protection In Western Lake Pontchartrain, Andrew M. Wright 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Siltcatcher: A Sediment-Capture System For Wetland Creation And Coastal Protection In Western Lake Pontchartrain, Andrew M. Wright

LSU Master's Theses

The West Lake Pontchartrain region faces a number of long-term environmental challenges due to anthropogenic climate disturbance and landscape modification, including sea level rise, increased storm surge risk, shoreline erosion, and wetland degradation. In response, this thesis applies recent research in the fields of landscape architecture and civil engineering to propose a dynamic, natural-systems solution for wetland creation and shoreline protection. The project envisions a series of breakwater-like structures in western Lake Pontchartrain positioned to slow water released from the nearby Bonnet Carré Spillway, causing suspended sediment to settle and create self-building and self-sustaining wetlands capable of keeping pace with ...


Quantification Of Thermal Bridging Effects In Cold-Formed Steel Wall Assemblies, Divyansh Kapoor 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Quantification Of Thermal Bridging Effects In Cold-Formed Steel Wall Assemblies, Divyansh Kapoor

Masters Theses

Thermal bridging can be defined as the phenomenon where a structural element spanning the building envelope acts like a thermal pathway which collects and moves energy (heat) from the interior to the exterior of the structure. CFS construction, due to the high thermal conductivity of steel with respect to its surrounding structural components and repetitive nature of framing, is highly prone to thermal bridging. Thermal bridging significantly alters the thermal performance of wall assemblies.

Hence, the objective of this research project was to quantify the magnitude of energy loss through cold-formed steel (CFS) stud wall assemblies at a component level ...


Air Quality Analysis Of Merrimack College, Patrick J. Mckeown 2020 Merrimack College

Air Quality Analysis Of Merrimack College, Patrick J. Mckeown

Honors Program Contracts

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Coordinated Ramp Metering (Crm) Implemented By Caltrans, Amir Molan, Nivedha Murugesan, Alireza Shams, Cristina Tortora, Faridur Rahman, Jacky Loh, Anurag Pande 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Evaluation Of Coordinated Ramp Metering (Crm) Implemented By Caltrans, Amir Molan, Nivedha Murugesan, Alireza Shams, Cristina Tortora, Faridur Rahman, Jacky Loh, Anurag Pande

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

Coordinated ramp metering (CRM) is a critical component of smart freeway corridors that rely on real-time traffic data from ramps and freeway mainline to improve decision-making by the motorists and Traffic Management Center (TMC) personnel. CRM uses an algorithm that considers real-time traffic volumes on freeway mainline and ramps and then adjusts the metering rates on the ramps accordingly for optimal flow along the entire corridor. Improving capacity through smart corridors is less costly and easier to deploy than freeway widening due to high costs associated with right-of-way acquisition and construction. Nevertheless, conversion to smart corridors still represents a sizable ...


Eliminating Rebar Splicing In Transverse Joints Of Precast Full Depth Bridge Deck Panels, David Gee 2020 University of Nebraska

Eliminating Rebar Splicing In Transverse Joints Of Precast Full Depth Bridge Deck Panels, David Gee

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

This study looks at the removal of longitudinal rebar splicing when sufficient longitudinal post-tensioning is provided for full-depth precast deck panels for simply supported bridges. Full-depth precast prestressed concrete deck panels are high quality plant produced pretensioned panels. They are often post-tensioned at the site to provide an average net compression in the joint of at least 250 psi due to effective prestress. This is to ensure adequate transfer of load as truck wheels pass over the joint. This net compression on the transverse joint is not explicitly clear by the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications. Based on this section ...


Monitoring The Performance Of Green Infrastructure: Pervious Pavement And Bioretention, Elizabeth Marie Regier 2020 Marquette University

Monitoring The Performance Of Green Infrastructure: Pervious Pavement And Bioretention, Elizabeth Marie Regier

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Milwaukee, like many other aging cities, struggles with combined sewer overflows, basement backups, and urban stream syndrome. It is increasingly looking to green stormwater infrastructure as a way to alleviate stormwater concerns by treating, retaining, and slowly releasing stormwater near the locations where it falls. However, green stormwater infrastructure varies in its performance, and few studies have been performed in Southeast Wisconsin. Therefore, two bioswales and a pervious pavement installation were monitored for water quantity, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and total suspended solids. The bioswales were also monitored for dissolved phosphorus. The north bioswale reduced total phosphorus concentrations by a ...


Structural Design Of Pool House In The City Of Columbia, Nathan F. Gates 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Structural Design Of Pool House In The City Of Columbia, Nathan F. Gates

Senior Theses

This report presents a structural design for a one-story pool house in the City of Columbia. The most important part of the project was determining critical horizontal and vertical loads, and designing each member in accordance to those governing loads. The loads we analyzed were dynamic, dead, live and seismic. By means of the LRFD method, the greatest possible load combination was calculated, combining the previously mentioned loads. These load combinations were different for each analysis, as the loading pressures will change depending on what structural system is being analyzed. This comprises the large part of the report and of ...


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