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Epics Global Service Learning Pedagogy Explored For Construction Engineering Education, Brandon Fulk, Seyedali Ghahari, Makrand Hastak 2018 Purdue University

Epics Global Service Learning Pedagogy Explored For Construction Engineering Education, Brandon Fulk, Seyedali Ghahari, Makrand Hastak

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Partnerships for Purpose; March 1, 2017

EPICS is a service-learning design program in which teams of students partner with local and global community organizations to address human, community, and environmental needs. EPICS is an academic program in which teams of Purdue students partner with local not-for-profit community organizations to provide technology solutions. Team Ecuador is a division of the non-profit EPICS program at Purdue University. Since 2012 Team Ecuador has been partnered with FEVI, a non-governmental organization, to develop education infrastructure in Lumbisi. The current focus of Team Ecuador is to design, fundraise, and construct and Education Center for the community of Lumbisi. We are working ...


Nandi Clean Kitchen Study, Oliver S. Schroeder, Mina Mohsenian 2018 Purdue University

Nandi Clean Kitchen Study, Oliver S. Schroeder, Mina Mohsenian

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Partnerships for Purpose; March 1, 2017

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of The Role Of Driver’S Knowledge Of Who Has The Right-Of-Way Contributes To Interstate On-Ramp Crashes, Deogratias Eustace, Vamsi Krishna Indupuru 2018 University of Dayton

Evaluation Of The Role Of Driver’S Knowledge Of Who Has The Right-Of-Way Contributes To Interstate On-Ramp Crashes, Deogratias Eustace, Vamsi Krishna Indupuru

Deogratias Eustace

The knowledge of drivers on who has the right-of-way between the one on mainline lanes of a freeway and the one entering the freeway through on-ramp junction lane was evaluated. In addition, drivers’ opinions on how to make the on-ramp junctions safer were collected. A survey instrument with 21 items requesting drivers’ information in regard with demographics, freeway driving experience, knowledge of right-of-way and merging practices was used for data collection. The results show that crashes are relatively rare events and for some reasons, most of them never happen but result into near misses, which can not be reported and ...


Addressing Clay Mineralogy Effects On Performance Of Chemically Stabilized Expansive Soils Subjected To Seasonal Wetting And Drying, Bhaskar C.S. Chittoori, Anand J. Puppala, Aravind Pedarla 2018 Boise State University

Addressing Clay Mineralogy Effects On Performance Of Chemically Stabilized Expansive Soils Subjected To Seasonal Wetting And Drying, Bhaskar C.S. Chittoori, Anand J. Puppala, Aravind Pedarla

Bhaskar C. S. Chittoori

Premature failures in chemically stabilized expansive soils cause millions of dollars in maintenance and repair costs. One of the reasons for these failures is the inability of existing stabilization design guidelines to consider the complex interactions between clay minerals and the stabilizers. It is vital to understand these complex interactions, as they are responsible for the strength improvement and swell/shrink reduction in these soils, in turn affecting the overall health of the infrastructure. Hence, this research study examined the longevity of chemically stabilized expansive soils subjected to wetting/drying conditions with a major focus on clay mineralogy. Eight different ...


Basic Highway Workzone Safety, Collin Shamberger 2018 The University of Akron

Basic Highway Workzone Safety, Collin Shamberger

Honors Research Projects

The purpose of this essay will be to examine, and provide information detailing work zone safety practices, and maximizing safety in construction zones. This report will examine the functionality of components of a work zone and how they work together, the use of standard construction drawings of work zones, personal protective equipment of workers, possible hazards of work zones, minimizing risks and ultimately work zone safety training. Also this report will provide a spreadsheet which can be used to calculate and layout a construction work zone based on a GPS location.


Addressing Clay Mineralogy Effects On Performance Of Chemically Stabilized Expansive Soils Subjected To Seasonal Wetting And Drying, Bhaskar C.S. Chittoori, Anand J. Puppala, Aravind Pedarla 2018 Boise State University

Addressing Clay Mineralogy Effects On Performance Of Chemically Stabilized Expansive Soils Subjected To Seasonal Wetting And Drying, Bhaskar C.S. Chittoori, Anand J. Puppala, Aravind Pedarla

Civil Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Premature failures in chemically stabilized expansive soils cause millions of dollars in maintenance and repair costs. One of the reasons for these failures is the inability of existing stabilization design guidelines to consider the complex interactions between clay minerals and the stabilizers. It is vital to understand these complex interactions, as they are responsible for the strength improvement and swell/shrink reduction in these soils, in turn affecting the overall health of the infrastructure. Hence, this research study examined the longevity of chemically stabilized expansive soils subjected to wetting/drying conditions with a major focus on clay mineralogy. Eight different ...


The Need For Enhanced Physical Infrastructure In The United States, Tanvi Gandham 2018 Claremont McKenna College

The Need For Enhanced Physical Infrastructure In The United States, Tanvi Gandham

CMC Senior Theses

An examination of necessary infrastructure improvements in the United States.


A Novel Concrete-Based Sensor For Detection Of Ice And Water On Roads And Bridges, Habib Tabatabai, Mohammed Aljuboori 2017 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

A Novel Concrete-Based Sensor For Detection Of Ice And Water On Roads And Bridges, Habib Tabatabai, Mohammed Aljuboori

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Articles

Hundreds of people are killed or injured annually in the United States in accidents related to ice formation on roadways and bridge decks. In this paper, a novel embedded sensor system is proposed for the detection of black ice as well as wet, dry and frozen pavement conditions on roads, runways, and bridges. The proposed sensor works by detecting changes in electrical resistance between two sets of stainless steel poles embedded in the concrete sensor to assess surface and near-surface conditions. A preliminary decision algorithm is developed that utilizes sensor outputs indicating resistance changes and surface temperature. The sensor consists ...


Drone-Enabled Remote Sensing For Transportation Infrastructure Assessment, Colin Brooks 2017 Michigan Technological University

Drone-Enabled Remote Sensing For Transportation Infrastructure Assessment, Colin Brooks

Archived Webinars

Unmanned aerial systems (UAS or “drones”) are a rapidly developing technology that can help meet the needs of transportation agencies for reliable, repeatable data that can save money and increase safety for the data collection process. By taking advantage of flexible platforms that can deploy a variety of sensors, transportation agencies and their information suppliers can help meet these data needs for operations, asset management, and other areas. Location-specific data on infrastructure condition and distresses can help with improved management of assets.

In this presentation, recent applied research led by a Michigan Technological University team is reviewed, with a focus ...


Multi-Hazard Performance Assessment Of High-Rise Buildings, Jad El Khoury Antoun 2017 Louisiana State University

Multi-Hazard Performance Assessment Of High-Rise Buildings, Jad El Khoury Antoun

LSU Master's Theses

In the last few decades, there has been an important increase in building high-rise constructions in many cities around the world. Since they offer several benefits in populous areas in terms of space efficiency, economy and sustainability, tower buildings attracted practitioners and researchers to understand better their exclusive behavior and response to natural hazards (e.g., hurricanes, earthquakes). Because of their flexibility and their commonly limited damping, skyscrapers are more susceptible to wind and earthquake actions than low- and mid-rise buildings. Moreover, many locations are prone to multiple hazards; hence, it is important to understand thoroughly the structural behavior of ...


Coupling K-12 Music Education With Science, Technology, Engineering And Math (Stem) Curricula: Implementation Of A Stemusic Outreach Program, Mallory Maestri 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Coupling K-12 Music Education With Science, Technology, Engineering And Math (Stem) Curricula: Implementation Of A Stemusic Outreach Program, Mallory Maestri

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Many studies have investigated the effects of music on evoking human emotions and diverse types of brain responses. One study by Juslin and Vastfjall indicates that hearing music can stimulate brain stem reflexes, create emotional contagion, recall episodic memories and provoke visual imagery. Due to the influence music has on human brain waves, researchers have been studying the effect of music on enhancing the spatial abilities of young students. Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) professions rely heavily on spatial skills. Research on the connection of music with spatial skills proposes that when the brain processes rhythm a “mental rotation ...


Investigating Fate Of Silver Nanoparticles In Wastewater Biofilms, Connie Marie Walden 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Investigating Fate Of Silver Nanoparticles In Wastewater Biofilms, Connie Marie Walden

Theses and Dissertations

As industrial advances make everyday life easier for human kind, the processes by which we need to maintain sanitary conditions for both water and wastewater treatment will become increasingly complex. Innovations in food packaging and textile design incorporate engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) to increase antimicrobial properties of clothing, maintain product color, and keep food in packaging from spoilage. For most products, ENPs released will enter the sanitary sewer system, and ultimately wastewater treatment plants. Biofilms grow universally on surfaces where a protective layer of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) shields attached cells from stressors. In wastewater treatment, complex biofilms are utilized as ...


Development Of An Internal Camera-Based Volume Determination System For Triaxial Testing, Sean Elliott Salazar 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Development Of An Internal Camera-Based Volume Determination System For Triaxial Testing, Sean Elliott Salazar

Theses and Dissertations

Accurate measurement of axial, radial, and volumetric strain parameters are critical to the understanding of phase relationships and the constitutive behavior for saturated and unsaturated soils. The use of photographic monitoring techniques for laboratory-based measurement of these parameters have become common. A novel technique that utilized camera instrumentation located within the triaxial testing cell was developed and validated. By placing the instrumentation inside of the cell, instead of the instrumentation being located outside of the cell, the technique eliminated cumbersome corrections required to account for optical distortions due to 1) the refraction of light at the confining fluid-cell wall-atmosphere interfaces ...


An Evaluation Of Borehole Hydraulic Conductivity Equations And Field Determined Soil Water Characteristic Curves, Johnathan Dale Blanchard 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

An Evaluation Of Borehole Hydraulic Conductivity Equations And Field Determined Soil Water Characteristic Curves, Johnathan Dale Blanchard

Theses and Dissertations

The methods utilized to determine the hydraulic conductivity of compacted clay liners (CCLs) are of importance for safe guarding the environment from landfill leachate. Therefore, the methods utilized in the analysis of the Two Stage Borehole (TSB) test, as described in the ASTM D6391-11 (Method A, B, and C) standard, were evaluated. Data from hydraulic conductivity tests, as performed on three test pads, were utilized to review the ASTM D6391-11 equations. Additionally, two test pads were instrumented with volumetric water content and soil water matric potential sensors to facilitate the determination of field-obtained soil water characteristic curves (SWCCs) and hydraulic ...


Automated Pin-Dot Marking Effects On A709-Gr50 Steel Plate Fatigue Capacity, Michael Andrew Noernberg 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Automated Pin-Dot Marking Effects On A709-Gr50 Steel Plate Fatigue Capacity, Michael Andrew Noernberg

Theses and Dissertations

During fabrication of multi-piece steel bridge assemblies, markings are often made on the steel surface to identify/track individual pieces or to provide reference for fabrication layout or later erection. Automated marking methods such as computer numerically controlled (CNC) pin-dot marking offer fabrication efficiencies; however, for marked steel sections subjected to frequent or repeated loading (i.e. bridge girders) many code specifications require experimental testing to verify any marking effects on fatigue capacity. In this study, the effects of automated pin-dot markings on the fatigue capacity of A709-Gr50 bridge steel are experimentally investigated from 13 specimens considering 2 marking frequencies ...


Using Historic Pavement Performance Data To Identify And Select Sites For Asphalt Mixture Design Studies, Allyson Richey 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Using Historic Pavement Performance Data To Identify And Select Sites For Asphalt Mixture Design Studies, Allyson Richey

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Since 1997 Arkansas asphalt mixtures have been designed using a procedure commonly known as ‘Superpave’. In a traditional Superpave mix design, the design considers only traditional volumetric parameters; however, recent advances in mix design technology emphasize mixture’s ability to perform in its environment. There are numerous factors which affect the performance characteristics of an asphalt mix. Certainly, the asphalt binder’s performance is a critical variable in this system. Asphalt binders are sensitive to temperature, so much so that their primary parameter on which they are recommended is a function of both temperature and the geographic latitude in which ...


Development Of Pre-Stressed Retrofit Strategies For Mitigating Fatigue Cracking In Steel Waterway Lock Gate Components, Christine Michelle Lozano 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Development Of Pre-Stressed Retrofit Strategies For Mitigating Fatigue Cracking In Steel Waterway Lock Gate Components, Christine Michelle Lozano

Theses and Dissertations

Lock gates are an important part of the transportation infrastructure within the United States (US), having many economic, safety, and environmental benefits over rail and highway transportation systems. Unfortunately, many existing lock gates throughout the US have reached or exceeded their initial design life and require frequent repairs to remain in service. Unscheduled repairs often increase as gates age, having a local economic impact on freight transport which can create economic ripples throughout the nation. Fatigue and corrosion are key causes of unscheduled service interruptions, degrading lock gate components over time. Additionally, because lock gates are submerged during operation, crack ...


Dem Study Of A Single Stone Column In A Clayey Stratum, Anibal Enrique Santos 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Dem Study Of A Single Stone Column In A Clayey Stratum, Anibal Enrique Santos

Theses and Dissertations

Aggregate piers are an alternative ground improvement technique used for improving the bearing capacity and reducing the total and differential settlement of foundations supported on compressible soils. The piers are composed of a series of vibrationally compacted aggregate lifts from a desired depth up to the finished foundation level. The shear strength of the coarse-grained material comprising an aggregate pier is defined by its internal friction angle. There are several factors affecting the friction angle of the granular material that include: confining stress, particle shape, relative density and particle distribution (gradation). These factors are not directly considered in the design ...


On The Fatigue Of Headed Shear Studs In Steel-Concrete Composite Bridge Girders, Brianna Laurene Ovuoba 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

On The Fatigue Of Headed Shear Studs In Steel-Concrete Composite Bridge Girders, Brianna Laurene Ovuoba

Theses and Dissertations

Shear connectors are commonly used in steel bridges to join the concrete deck and steel superstructure, providing a mechanism for shear transfer across the steel-concrete interface. The most common shear connector is the headed shear stud. In the current AASHTO LRFD Bridge Specifications on composite design, shear stud fatigue often governs over static strength, and a large number of shear connectors often result. This dissertation investigates headed shear stud fatigue capacities and demands, and provides insight into conservancies in existing design specifications through examination of existing high-traffic bridge performance.

To investigate stud capacity, a total of six high-cycle fatigue tests ...


Cost-Savings Of Implementing Site-Specific Ground Motion Response Analysis In Design Of Mississippi Embayment Bridges, Ethan Ryan Benton Baker 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Cost-Savings Of Implementing Site-Specific Ground Motion Response Analysis In Design Of Mississippi Embayment Bridges, Ethan Ryan Benton Baker

Theses and Dissertations

Deep dynamic site characterization and a site-specific ground motion response analysis (SSGMRA) were conducted for a bridge site in Monette, Arkansas. The SSGMRA indicated the design acceleration response spectrum determined using the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) general seismic procedure could be reduced by 1/3 for the short period range due to attenuation of the short-period ground motions. The steel girder pile-bent bridge, originally designed using the AASHTO general seismic design procedure, was redesigned using the updated seismic demands estimated from SSGMRA. A cost-savings analysis was then conducted to determine the potential savings associated with ...


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