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Input Space Dependent Controller For Civil Structures Exposed To Multi-Hazard Excitations, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Jonathan Hong, Jacob Dodson 2018 Lehigh University

Input Space Dependent Controller For Civil Structures Exposed To Multi-Hazard Excitations, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Jonathan Hong, Jacob Dodson

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

A challenge in the control of civil structures exposed to multiple types of hazards is in the tuning of control parameters to ensure a prescribed level of performance under substantially different excitation dynamics, which could be considered as largely uncertain. A solution is to leverage data driven control algorithms, which, in their adaptive formulation, can self-tune to uncertain environments. The authors have recently proposed a new type of data-driven controller, termed input space dependent controller (ISDC), that has the particularity to adapt its input space in real-time to identify key measurements that represent the essential dynamics of the system. Previous ...


A Coupled Thermo-Mechanical Theory Of Strain Gradient Plasticity For Small And Finite Deformations, Yooseob Song 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

A Coupled Thermo-Mechanical Theory Of Strain Gradient Plasticity For Small And Finite Deformations, Yooseob Song

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In this work, a thermodynamically consistent coupled thermo-mechanical gradient enhanced continuum plasticity theory is developed for small and finite deformations. The proposed model is conceptually based on the dislocations interaction mechanisms and thermal activation energy. The thermodynamic conjugate microstresses are decomposed into energetic and dissipative components. This work incorporates the thermal and mechanical responses of microsystems. It addresses phenomena such as size and boundary effects and in particular microscale heat transfer in fast-transient processes. Not only the partial heat dissipation caused by the fast transient time, but also the distribution of temperature caused by the transition from the plastic work ...


Formal And Informal Undergraduate Ethics Education In Engineering, Grace Ports 2018 University of Dayton

Formal And Informal Undergraduate Ethics Education In Engineering, Grace Ports

Undergraduate Voices

This literature review attempts to answer the question of whether formal education or informal education of ethics within civil engineering is more beneficial. If there is a lack of structured education of ethics in civil engineering, then another area of interest is to discover where engineers are being informally educated. Another area of inquiry is whether it is more beneficial to teach engineers ethics prior to the time when they are required to study the code of ethics for their certification exam, or should engineers wait until moments before the exam to study the code. This article examines the potential ...


Development Of Carbon Fiber-Modified Electrically Conductive Concrete For Implementation In Des Moines International Airport, Alireza Sassani, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Ali Arabzadeh, Peter C. Taylor, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan 2018 Iowa State University

Development Of Carbon Fiber-Modified Electrically Conductive Concrete For Implementation In Des Moines International Airport, Alireza Sassani, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Ali Arabzadeh, Peter C. Taylor, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

This paper reports on the procedures of mix design preparation, production, placement, and performance evaluation of the first electrically conductive concrete (ECON) heated-pavement system (HPS) implemented at a U.S. airport. While ECON has drawn considerable attention as a paving material for multi-functional pavements, including HPS, the majority of ECON HPS applications and studies have been limited to laboratory scale or include materials/methods that do not conform to regulations enforced by airfield construction practices. Carbon fiber-reinforced ECON provides a promising prospective for application in airfield pavements. In this study, ECON mixtures were prepared in the laboratory using varying cementitious ...


Closure To The Discussion Of “Long-Term Performance Of A Highway Embankment Build With Lightweight Aggregates”, Anand J. Puppala, Sireesh Saride, Raja V. Yenigalla, Bhaskar C.S. Chittoori, Ekarut Archeewa 2018 University of Texas at Arlington

Closure To The Discussion Of “Long-Term Performance Of A Highway Embankment Build With Lightweight Aggregates”, Anand J. Puppala, Sireesh Saride, Raja V. Yenigalla, Bhaskar C.S. Chittoori, Ekarut Archeewa

Civil Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The authors thank Dr. Diyaljee for his interest on the subject and providing assessments based on the two research articles (Saride et al. 2010 and Puppala et al. 2017). Authors appreciate the comprehensive analysis done in the discussion. Following the comments noted in the discussion, we would like to provide our explanations on the discussion.


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


City Of Tyler Hub-And-Spoke Bicycle Lane Network, Pedro A. Zavagna 2018 University of Texas at Tyler

City Of Tyler Hub-And-Spoke Bicycle Lane Network, Pedro A. Zavagna

Civil Engineering Theses

The purpose of this study is to showcase the up-to-date development of a Bicycle Lane Engineered Scoring System (BLESS) that will be utilized to map and identify the optimum feasible locations for bicycle lanes. The project was initiated for the City of Tyler, Texas where a Hub-and-Spoke bicycle lane will be designed around the city utilizing the BLESS. The design process is comprised of attentive planning, progressive development and a collective effort by the transportation engineering research team at the University of Texas at Tyler to design an exceptional bicycle lane network. The BLESS consisted of traffic analysis, lane configuration ...


Utah Salt Storage Facilities Guidelines And Best Management Practices, Weston Bellon 2018 Utah State University

Utah Salt Storage Facilities Guidelines And Best Management Practices, Weston Bellon

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

An environmental analysis was conducted at the Utah Water Research Laboratory of samples gathered from Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) salt storage facilities retention ponds across the state. The analysis indicated high levels of TSS largely made up of minerals directly associated with the deicing solution currently used by UDOT in roadway applications. As a companion to that analysis, best management practices have been identified and compiled to provide a resource for the proper management of salt storage facilities in the state of Utah. Topics included as best management practices include locating new storage facilities, proper salt storage, proper salt ...


Solar And Rain Catching Canopy. Urban Oasis, Afolabi Ibitoye, Langston Clark, Elena Zimareva, Evan Banks, Alexander Aptekar 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Solar And Rain Catching Canopy. Urban Oasis, Afolabi Ibitoye, Langston Clark, Elena Zimareva, Evan Banks, Alexander Aptekar

Publications and Research

The Urban Oasis is designed to work within existing “pocket parks” in New York City as a combined rainwater collector, personal electronics charging station and resting designation for New Yorkers. Intended to not only lessen the demand on the city power grid by using renewable energy to charge devices, the urban oasis is also intended to mitigate grey water overfill in New York’s combined sewer system and, in general, serve as a model for responsible environmental stewardship in urban areas.

The important technical aspects of the canopy specifically analyzed were:

a) how much rainwater could the canopy be expected ...


Road Weather Impact Based Decision Support Applications: Developing A Department Of Transportation Winter Severity Index, Curtis Louis Walker 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Road Weather Impact Based Decision Support Applications: Developing A Department Of Transportation Winter Severity Index, Curtis Louis Walker

Dissertations & Theses in Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Adverse weather conditions are responsible for millions of vehicular crashes, thousands of vehicular deaths and billions of dollars in economic and congestion costs. Many transportation agencies utilize a performance or mobility metric to assess how well they are maintaining road access. This research focuses on the development of a winter severity index for the State of Nebraska (NEWINS). NEWINS is an event-driven index that was derived for the Nebraska Department of Transportation (NDOT) and its districts across the state. The NEWINS framework includes a categorical storm classification framework and climatological aspect to capture atmospheric conditions more accurately across diverse spatial ...


Road Diet Feasibility Analysis For Nebraska, Brandon L. Purintun 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Road Diet Feasibility Analysis For Nebraska, Brandon L. Purintun

Civil Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Many rural towns and cities throughout Nebraska have experienced consistent population decline over the past 50 years, and the highway system once built to accommodate hoped-for growth is not serving the population as well as it could. These towns and cities would benefit from implementing a road diet conversion on their main highways. Within rural communities, road diets are an increasingly popular method of improving safety along major arterials through the reduction of excess capacity in favor of increasing refuge areas for turning vehicles. A typical application might be the restriping of a four-lane undivided highway into a three-lane highway ...


Development Of A Hydraulic Conductivity Placement Window Using Centrifuge Techniques, Greg Thomas 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Development Of A Hydraulic Conductivity Placement Window Using Centrifuge Techniques, Greg Thomas

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

A centrifuge soil testing device, currently operated by researchers at the University of Arkansas, was used to develop a technique to determine a hydraulic conductivity placement window. The purpose of this research was to develop a placement window by means of a centrifuge instead of by means of a panel board. Soil specimens were created at standard PRcotor energy and at 50 percent of Standard Proctor energy at -3 percent of optimum, -1.5 percent of optimum, two specimens at optimum, +1.5 percent of optimum, and +3 percent of optimum water content. Values of hydraulic conductivity for the respective ...


Finite Element Modeling And Updating Of A Five-Tiered Pagoda Style Temple, Linh Maytham Abdulrahman 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Finite Element Modeling And Updating Of A Five-Tiered Pagoda Style Temple, Linh Maytham Abdulrahman

Civil Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Historical pagoda style temples demonstrate different dynamic behavior than traditional unreinforced masonry (URM) structures due to the unique construction practices and ornate architectural detailing. Recently, the 2015 Gorkha Mw 7.8 earthquake resulted in widespread structural damage and collapse of similar historic temples in Nepal. However, one temple did not collapse. This is the five-tiered pagoda style Nyatapola temple built in 1702 and located in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Understanding the seismic vulnerability and structural behavior of these pagoda-style temples can lead to more efficient retrofit solutions and conservation practices for similar heritage structures.

This study developed and calibrated the pre- ...


Liquefaction-Induced Dragload And/Or Downdrag On Deep Foundations Within The New Madrid Seismic Zone, Ishimwe Elvis 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Liquefaction-Induced Dragload And/Or Downdrag On Deep Foundations Within The New Madrid Seismic Zone, Ishimwe Elvis

Theses and Dissertations

Deep foundation elements are typically used to transfer structural loads for multi-story buildings and large-span bridges to a competent soil layer when 1) the soil close to the ground surface has no sufficient bearing capacity, and when 2) liquefiable soils are encountered. The majority of the bridges constructed within seismic zones rely upon the stability of earthen embankments and deep foundation that are installed above or within liquefiable soil deposits. Despite large factor of safety values or different load and resistance factors being used to adequately design deep foundations within seismic areas, soil liquefaction may cause extensive damage to the ...


Exploration And Discussion Of Modern Green Construction Practices Demonstrated In The Txaire Homes, Megan Nicole Patterson 2018 University of Texas at Tyler

Exploration And Discussion Of Modern Green Construction Practices Demonstrated In The Txaire Homes, Megan Nicole Patterson

Civil Engineering Theses

The Texas Allergy, Indoor Environment, and Energy Institute (TxAIRE) was developed with an original vision of research capabilities that spread across five broad but cohesive areas: understanding and improving indoor environmental quality, developing unique methods of air filtration, developing indoor air quality sensor technology, reducing residential electrical power requirements, and developing technically based design guidelines. Increased understanding and development of data and technologies in these five areas can make a significant impact on the way residential structures are built and designed in the future.

This comprehensive review of TxAIRE and its relationship to Indoor Air Quality, Energy, and Occupant Comfort ...


Mechanistic Analysis And Economic Benefits Of Fiber-Reinforced Asphalt Mixtures, Ashish Tripathi 2018 University of Texas at Tyler

Mechanistic Analysis And Economic Benefits Of Fiber-Reinforced Asphalt Mixtures, Ashish Tripathi

Civil Engineering Theses

Fatigue cracking and permanent deformation (rutting) are major distresses that occur in flexible pavements. Four-point bending beam as well as flow number laboratory tests have been used for several decades to evaluate the long-term fatigue and rutting resistance for asphalt mixture, respectively. One of the most significant solutions to prolong the fatigue life and improve rutting resistance for an asphaltic mixture is to utilize flexible materials such as fibers. In 2008 a laboratory testing program was performed on a conventional and fiber-reinforced mixtures to investigate the impact of added fibers on the mechanical, mechanistic, and economical attributes of asphaltic mixtures ...


Aircraft Hangar Demolition And Reconstruction, Anthony Feeney, Stephen Luppino, Michael Simeone, Tony Carlino 2018 Rowan University

Aircraft Hangar Demolition And Reconstruction, Anthony Feeney, Stephen Luppino, Michael Simeone, Tony Carlino

Student Research Symposium Posters

Reconstruction of Hangar Q, located at the Millville Airport in New Jersey, required structural design improvements and cost estimation. The DRBA, Delaware River and Bay Authority, is seeking assistance with this project and has asked Rowan University to provide design recommendations. Steel reinforcing plates were designed to support structurally deficient members of the roof truss, while reinforced concrete piers were designed for the overall structure. The structural frame of Aircraft Hangar Q at Millville Airport is made up of nine steel trusses. Each three hinged-arch steel truss consists of two double-arc half trusses of 23 panels. Originally, Hangar Q had ...


Introduction To Infrastructure - The Influence Of Natural Disasters On Infrastructure, Tri Tam Nguyen, Sean M. Raday, Daniel Leverick 2018 Rowan University

Introduction To Infrastructure - The Influence Of Natural Disasters On Infrastructure, Tri Tam Nguyen, Sean M. Raday, Daniel Leverick

Student Research Symposium Posters

In this paper, three major hurricanes in 2017 were examined to determine the damage these hurricanes have done to the infrastructure. Infrastructure has an important role in the nation’s sustained economic development. Infrastructure consists of two main types which are “hard” infrastructure and “soft” infrastructure. Hard infrastructure is the physical networks which include transportation, power, etc. while soft infrastructure is institutions and human capital. Inadequate and inefficient performance of “hard” or “soft” infrastructure would prevent economy from achieving full growth. In the past decades, a significant increase in the number of natural disasters has had great impact on infrastructure ...


Hawai'i Wildlife Fund V. County Of Maui, Lowell J. Chandler 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Hawai'i Wildlife Fund V. County Of Maui, Lowell J. Chandler

Public Land and Resources Law Review

In Hawai’i Wildlife Fund v. County of Maui, the Ninth Circuit held that the plain language of the Clean Water Act provides jurisdiction over indirect discharges of pollutants from a point source into groundwater that is shown to be connected to navigable waters. The court found that studies confirmed pollutants entering the Pacific Ocean were fairly traceable to the County of Maui’s sewage disposal wells. In affirming the district court’s ruling, the Ninth Circuit held that Maui County violated the Clean Water Act by discharging pollutants into a navigable water without the required permit. The court also ...


Structural Identification And Assessment Of The Inverted Tee Girder Bridge System, Garrett P. Martindale 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Structural Identification And Assessment Of The Inverted Tee Girder Bridge System, Garrett P. Martindale

Civil Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

The Inverted Tee (IT) girder bridge system was originally developed in 1996 by the University of Nebraska–Lincoln (UNL) and Nebraska Department of Roads (NDOR) engineers. This bridge system currently accounts for over 110 bridges in Nebraska used for both state highways and local county roads. Excessive transverse and longitudinal deck cracking has been observed and noted in numerous bridge inspection reports. Since the IT girder bridge system is relatively new, limited data and knowledge exist on its structural performance and behavior. This study evaluates the IT girder bridge system by conducting twenty field observations as well as recording accelerometer ...


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