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Development Of An Excel Model To Evaluate The Stability Of Slopes, Bradley Davis 2022 Utah State University

Development Of An Excel Model To Evaluate The Stability Of Slopes, Bradley Davis

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

This objective of this study is to determine a method or tool for taking given slope stability parameters and quickly and effectively determining the factor of safety against sliding of fully softened slopes. This study evaluates the effects of soil and geometric parameters of common slopes, and models these properties in a hypothetical model. The methodology is based on a parametric analysis using the Spencer’s Method of Slices limit equilibrium analysis used in the computer program Slide2. A parametric analysis is performed to determine which soil and/or geometric properties have a high influence on slope stability. The parametric ...


Behavior Of Concrete Reinforced With Date Palm Fibers, Elias Ali 2022 Case Western Reserve University

Behavior Of Concrete Reinforced With Date Palm Fibers, Elias Ali

Faculty Scholarship

In recent decades, researchers have begun to investigate innovative sustainable construction materials for the development of greener and more environmentally friendly infrastructures. The main purpose of this article is to investigate the possibility of employing date palm tree waste as a natural fiber alternative for conventional steel and polypropylene fibers (PPFs) in concrete. Date palm fibers are a common agricultural waste in Middle Eastern nations, particularly Saudi Arabia. As a result, this research examined the engineering properties of high‐strength concrete using date palm fibers, as well as the performance of traditional steel and PPF concrete. The concrete samples were ...


Building Services Engineering November/December 2022, 2022 Technological University Dublin

Building Services Engineering November/December 2022

Building Services Engineering

No abstract provided.


Pile-Supported Wharves Subjected To Inertial Loads And Lateral Ground Deformations. Ii: Guidelines For Equivalent Static Analysis, Milad Souri, Arash Khosravifar, Stephen E. Dickenson, Scott Schlechter, Nason McCullough 2022 Portland State University

Pile-Supported Wharves Subjected To Inertial Loads And Lateral Ground Deformations. Ii: Guidelines For Equivalent Static Analysis, Milad Souri, Arash Khosravifar, Stephen E. Dickenson, Scott Schlechter, Nason Mccullough

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

An equivalent static analysis (ESA) procedure is proposed for the design of pile-supported wharves subjected to combined inertial and kinematic loads during earthquakes. The accuracy of the ESA procedure was evaluated against measurements from five large-scale centrifuge tests. The wharf structures in these tests were subjected to a suite of recorded ground motions and the associated superstructure inertia, as well as earthquake-induced slope deformations of varying magnitudes. It is shown that large bending moments at depths greater than 10 pile diameters were primarily induced by kinematic demands and can be estimated by applying soil displacements only (i.e., 100% kinematic ...


Lateral Response Of Cold-Formed Steel Diaphragms With Variable Sheathing, Hernan Castaneda 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Lateral Response Of Cold-Formed Steel Diaphragms With Variable Sheathing, Hernan Castaneda

Doctoral Dissertations

Cold-formed steel (CFS) framed buildings and subsystems have demonstrated safe and reliable performance while under lateral and seismic loads. Combined with their structural efficiency, this makes CFS-framed buildings popular choice even in high seismic zones. However, due to the complexity in response of CFS members and their interaction in subsystem and system levels, more research needs to be conducted to better understand the overstrength in the system, as well as the contribution of non-structural components to the overall response of the building. The lateral force resisting system (LFRS) of CFS framed buildings consist primarily of shear walls and diaphragms. The ...


Design Of Stick-Framed Wood Roofs Under Extreme Wind Loads, Caspar Bain 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Design Of Stick-Framed Wood Roofs Under Extreme Wind Loads, Caspar Bain

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Light-frame wood construction comprises nearly 90% of the housing industry in
Canada and the United States. The roofs of these houses can be constructed either
entirely on site or using prefabricated trusses. Assembling the roof structure on site,
otherwise known as stick-framing, is a framing technique with current code guidelines
that are based on past practice and limited consideration of wind loads. This makes
these roof structures susceptible to failure in high-speed wind events, such as tornadoes. Around 90% of all tornadoes in Canada fall in or below the EF-2 category,
making it a possible target for design of wood-frame ...


Forecasting The Demand For Asphalt Concrete In Karbala Governorate, Ghayath Ali, Sawsan R Mohammad, Shakir Al-busaltan 2022 Dept. of Civil Eng., University of Baghdad, Iraq.

Forecasting The Demand For Asphalt Concrete In Karbala Governorate, Ghayath Ali, Sawsan R Mohammad, Shakir Al-Busaltan

Al-Bahir Journal for Engineering and Pure Sciences

The challenge of forecasting asphalt concrete demand in the Karbala governorate is the subject of this study. Population and number of vehicles in Karbala are considered among the independent (explanatory) variables taken into consideration. These explanatory variables ' historical data have been gathered and examined. The historical data of each explanatory variable has been linked to the historical demand for asphalt concrete in the governorate using regression techniques in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) program version 26.

A model to forecast the governorate's demand for asphalt concrete has been developed based on these factors. The forecasts have ...


Comparing The Measured And Thermodynamically Predicted Afm Phases In A Hydrating Cement, Niall Holmes Dr., Mark Russell, Geoff Davis, Mark Tyrer 2022 Technological University Dublin

Comparing The Measured And Thermodynamically Predicted Afm Phases In A Hydrating Cement, Niall Holmes Dr., Mark Russell, Geoff Davis, Mark Tyrer

Articles

In hydrating Portland cements, more than one of the AFm family of calcium aluminates may exist. Depending on the amount of carbonate and sulfate present in the cement, the most common phase to precipitate is monosulfate, monocarbonate and/or hemicarbonate. It has been reported in the literature that hemicarbonate often appears in measurements such as XRD but not predicted to form/equilibrate in thermodynamic models. With the ongoing use of commercial cements such as CEM I and CEM II containing more and more limestone, it is important to understand which hydrate solids physically precipitate and numerically predict over time. Using ...


Employing Discrete Solid Phases To Represent C-S-H Solid Solutions In The Cemdata07 Thermodynamic Database To Model Cement Hydration Using The Phreeqc Geochemical Software, Niall Holmes Dr., Mark Tyrer, Denis Kelliher 2022 Technological University Dublin

Employing Discrete Solid Phases To Represent C-S-H Solid Solutions In The Cemdata07 Thermodynamic Database To Model Cement Hydration Using The Phreeqc Geochemical Software, Niall Holmes Dr., Mark Tyrer, Denis Kelliher

Articles

This paper presents a cement hydration model over time using the cemdata07 thermodynamic database and a series of derived discrete solid phases (DSPs) to represent calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) as a binary solid solution with two end-members. C-S-H in cement is amorphous and poorly crystalline with a range of molar Ca/Si ratios from 0.6 to 1.7. It displays strongly incongruent dissolution behaviour, where the release of calcium into solution is several orders of magnitude greater than silicon. It is, therefore, important that any cement hydration model provides a credible account of this behaviour. C-S-H has been described ...


Modelling The Hydrating Behaviour Of Fly-Ash In Blended Cements Using Thermodynamics, Nikki Shaji, Niall Holmes Dr., Mark Tyrer 2022 Technological University Dublin

Modelling The Hydrating Behaviour Of Fly-Ash In Blended Cements Using Thermodynamics, Nikki Shaji, Niall Holmes Dr., Mark Tyrer

Conference papers

This paper presents a new method to thermodynamically model the hydration behaviour of fly-ash (FA) blended cements by deriving individual phase descriptions depending on the proportion of FA in the blended cement. The predicted hydrated phase assemblage, pore solution chemistries and pH over 1,000 days of hydration and with increasing FA proportions are presented. The thermodynamic data for the FA phases are derived using oxide proportions and mineral compositions are copied directly into the PHREEQC input file. The FA phases take account of all minerals to give a more accurate description of its behaviour during hydration. The calcium aluminosilicate ...


Building Services Engineering September/October 2022, 2022 Technological University Dublin

Building Services Engineering September/October 2022

Building Services Engineering

No abstract provided.


Numerical Simulation On The Fire Performance Of Reinforced Concrete Flat Slab, David Tipton 2022 University of Alabama in Huntsville

Numerical Simulation On The Fire Performance Of Reinforced Concrete Flat Slab, David Tipton

Summer Community of Scholars Posters (RCEU and HCR Combined Programs)

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Material Request Order To Support Sustainable Construction, Fajar Susilowati, Nur Nahdiah Anggraeni 2022 Civil Engineering, Universitas Tidar, Magelang 56116, Indonesia

Evaluation Of Material Request Order To Support Sustainable Construction, Fajar Susilowati, Nur Nahdiah Anggraeni

Makara Journal of Technology

This study was conducted on one of Indonesia’s apartment projects, in which reinforced concrete is the main structure. Based on existing project data, this project experienced a decline in the construction work’s progress, thus reducing the project’s overall progress. This decline occurred because the delivery of concrete reinforcement material was delayed. This study aimed to determine the process of material request order and its relationship with the work implementation, as well as the factors that influenced the delayed arrival of concrete reinforcement material at the project site. The method used in this study was observation and interview ...


Review Of Fly-Ash As A Supplementary Cementitious Material, Nikki Shaji, Niall Holmes Dr., Mark Tyrer 2022 Technological University Dublin

Review Of Fly-Ash As A Supplementary Cementitious Material, Nikki Shaji, Niall Holmes Dr., Mark Tyrer

Conference papers

This paper presents a review of fly-ash as a Supplementary Cementitious Material (SCM) in concrete in terms of its effects on hydration and durability. The climate change agenda has focused the cement and concrete industry on using low embodied CO2 materials and much effort has been made on incorporating industrial by-products into cement as SCMs. With worldwide cement production (circa 4 billion tonnes) currently accounting for approximately 8% of global CO2 emissions and 7% of industry energy use, the use of suitable SCMs to partially replace cement in concrete is extremely important. However, while coal-fired power stations are in the ...


Modelling The Thermoelectric Properties Of Cement-Based Materials Using Finite Element Method And Effective Medium Theory, Lorenzo Stella, Conrad Johnston, Javier Troncoso, Piotr Chudzinski, Esther Orisakwee, Jorge Kohanoff, Ruchita Jani, Niall Holmes Dr., Brian Norton, Xiaoli Liu, Ming Qu, Hongxi Yin, Kazuaki Yazawa 2022 Queen's University Belfast

Modelling The Thermoelectric Properties Of Cement-Based Materials Using Finite Element Method And Effective Medium Theory, Lorenzo Stella, Conrad Johnston, Javier Troncoso, Piotr Chudzinski, Esther Orisakwee, Jorge Kohanoff, Ruchita Jani, Niall Holmes Dr., Brian Norton, Xiaoli Liu, Ming Qu, Hongxi Yin, Kazuaki Yazawa

Conference papers

Because of the thermoelectric (TE) effect (or Seebeck effect), a difference of potential is generated as a consequence of a temperature gradient across a sample. The TE effect has been mostly studied and engineered in semiconducting materials and it already finds several commercial applications. Only recently the TE effect in cement-based materials has been demonstrated and there is a growing interest in its potential. For instance, a temperature gradient across the external walls of a building can be used to generate electricity. By the inverse of the TE effect (or Peltier effect), one can also seek to control the indoor ...


Deriving Discrete Solid Phases From Csh-3t And Cshq End-Members To Model Cement Hydration In Phreeqc, Niall Holmes Dr., Colin Walker, Mark Tyrer, Denis Kelliher 2022 Technological University Dublin

Deriving Discrete Solid Phases From Csh-3t And Cshq End-Members To Model Cement Hydration In Phreeqc, Niall Holmes Dr., Colin Walker, Mark Tyrer, Denis Kelliher

Conference papers

This paper presents a cement hydration model over time using the CEMDATA thermodynamic database and a series of discrete solid phases (DSP) to represent calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) as a ternary (CSH-3T) and quaternary (CSHQ) solid solution. C-S-H in cement is amorphous and poorly crystalline with a range of molar Ca/Si ratios = 0.6-1.7 and displays strongly incongruent dissolution behaviour where the release of calcium into solution is several orders of magnitude greater than silicon. It is therefore important that any cement hydration model provides a credible account of this behaviour. C-S-H has been described in the CEMDATA ...


Analysis Of Behaviour Of T Junctions By Varying Angles And Type Of Flow., Rhitam Chakroborty, A.R. Vinod 2022 Department of Civil Engineering RV University, Bengaluru, India

Analysis Of Behaviour Of T Junctions By Varying Angles And Type Of Flow., Rhitam Chakroborty, A.R. Vinod

Undergraduate Academic Research Journal

T-junctions are one of the most difficult pipe fitting in terms of calculation of the head loss occurring through it. Various attempts have been made to derive the value of loss coefficients of the two branches of the tjunctions. Some formulas which involve area ratios and flow ratios are available. However, the use of these coefficients has to be further scrutinized. The erroneous effect of the use of constant loss co-efficients needed to understood and reviewed. This has been done, through the use of a standard network and the simplest network having one T-junction. Further efforts have been made to ...


Improving Data-Driven Infrastructure Degradation Forecast Skill With Stepwise Asset Condition Prediction Models, Kurt R. Lamm, Justin D. Delorit, Michael N. Grussing, Steven J. Schuldt 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Improving Data-Driven Infrastructure Degradation Forecast Skill With Stepwise Asset Condition Prediction Models, Kurt R. Lamm, Justin D. Delorit, Michael N. Grussing, Steven J. Schuldt

Faculty Publications

Organizations with large facility and infrastructure portfolios have used asset management databases for over ten years to collect and standardize asset condition data. Decision makers use these data to predict asset degradation and expected service life, enabling prioritized maintenance, repair, and renovation actions that reduce asset life-cycle costs and achieve organizational objectives. However, these asset condition forecasts are calculated using standardized, self-correcting distribution models that rely on poorly-fit, continuous functions. This research presents four stepwise asset condition forecast models that utilize historical asset inspection data to improve prediction accuracy: (1) Slope, (2) Weighted Slope, (3) Condition-Intelligent Weighted Slope, and (4 ...


Damage Assessment In Aging Structures Using Augmented Reality, Omar Zuhair Awadallah, Ayan Sadhu 2022 Western University

Damage Assessment In Aging Structures Using Augmented Reality, Omar Zuhair Awadallah, Ayan Sadhu

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is the assessment of bridges and observation of data regarding these bridges over time to monitor their evolution and detect the presence of any possible damages. However, existing methods to perform structural inspections in bridges are high in cost, time-consuming and risky. Inspectors use expensive equipment to reach a certain area of the bridge to inspect it, and at different heights, this can pose a risk to the inspector’s safety. This study aims to find cheaper, faster, and safer ways to perform structural inspections using augmented reality and artificial intelligence. The developed system uses a ...


Experimental Performance Evaluation Of A Convective Thermoelectric Building Envelope For Building Heating And Cooling, Xiaoli Liu, Kazuaki Yazawa, Ming Qu, Orkan Kurtulus, Brian Norton, Niall Holmes Dr., Ruchita Jani, Jorge Kohanoff, Lorenzo Stella, Conrad Johnston, Hongxi Yin 2022 Purdue University

Experimental Performance Evaluation Of A Convective Thermoelectric Building Envelope For Building Heating And Cooling, Xiaoli Liu, Kazuaki Yazawa, Ming Qu, Orkan Kurtulus, Brian Norton, Niall Holmes Dr., Ruchita Jani, Jorge Kohanoff, Lorenzo Stella, Conrad Johnston, Hongxi Yin

Articles

The thermoelectric building envelope (TBE) integrates thermoelectric materials with the building envelope for active space heating and cooling. The advantage of TBE heating and cooling includes its significantly low-profile design and no refrigerant use. Although there are existing studies evaluating TBE performance, they were based on limited operating conditions. The study aims to experimentally evaluate the heating and cooling performance of a TBE prototype under various operating conditions. The TBE prototype was installed between two psychrometric chambers, which simulated indoor and outdoor conditions. The prototype was tested at an indoor temperature of around 22.35–23.58 degrees C and ...


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