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Numerical Studies For Improving Fracture Toughness Resistance Curve Testing Using Single-Edge (Notched) Tension Specimens, Yifan Huang 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Numerical Studies For Improving Fracture Toughness Resistance Curve Testing Using Single-Edge (Notched) Tension Specimens, Yifan Huang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The fracture toughness resistance curve, i.e. the J-integral resistance curve (J-R curve) or the crack tip opening displacement resistance (CTOD-R) curves, is widely used in the integrity assessment and strain-based design of energy pipelines with respect to planar defects (i.e. cracks). This thesis deals with issues related to the experimental determination of the J(CTOD)-R curves using the newly-developed single-edge (notched) tension (SE(T)) specimens. In the first study, the plastic geometry factor, i.e. the ηpl factor, used to evaluate J in a J-R curve test based on the SE(T ...


Exploring Factors Contributing To Injury Severity At Freeway Merging And Diverging Locations In Ohio, Worku Y. Mergia, Deogratias Eustace, Deo Chimba, Maher Butros Qumsiyeh 2016 Geotest Engineering, Houston, Texas

Exploring Factors Contributing To Injury Severity At Freeway Merging And Diverging Locations In Ohio, Worku Y. Mergia, Deogratias Eustace, Deo Chimba, Maher Butros Qumsiyeh

Maher Qumsiyeh

Identifying factors that affect crash injury severity and understanding how these factors affect injury severity is critical in planning and implementing highway safety improvement programs. Factors such as driver-related, traffic-related, environment-related and geometric design-related were considered when developing statistical models to predict the effects of these factors on the severity of injuries sustained from motor vehicle crashes at merging and diverging locations. Police-reported crash data at selected freeway merging and diverging areas in the state of Ohio were used for the development of the models. A generalized ordinal logit model also known as partial proportional odds model was applied to ...


Experimental Study On Local Bond Stress-Slip Relationship In Self-Compacting Concrete, Marian Sabau, Ioan Pop, Traian Onet 2016 Universidad de la Costa

Experimental Study On Local Bond Stress-Slip Relationship In Self-Compacting Concrete, Marian Sabau, Ioan Pop, Traian Onet

Marian Sabau

This paper summarizes the results of an experimental study on local bond stress-slip relationship of deformed reinforcing bars embedded in self-compacting concrete, considering the effect of concrete confinement by transverse reinforcement. In this study were cast 104 specimens by using self-compacting concrete and vibrated concrete. Pull-out tests were performed on deformed bars with short anchorage length (ld ≤ 5∅). The parameters analyzed were the concrete type, the confining reinforcement, the bar diameter and the anchorage length of bar. The results of this study showed that the ultimate bond strength was higher for self-compacting concrete compared to vibrated concrete, and the slip ...


High Strength Steel In The Reinforced Concrete Structures: Serviceability, Alan Kanybek, Aishwarya Puranam, Santiago Pujol 2016 Purdue University

High Strength Steel In The Reinforced Concrete Structures: Serviceability, Alan Kanybek, Aishwarya Puranam, Santiago Pujol

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The use of high-strength steel (yield stress larger than 100 ksi) in reinforced concrete structures can provide an effective alternative to using conventional steel (yield stress up to 80 ksi). The goal of this study is to investigate if slabs with reduced quantities of high-strength steel reinforcement meet the serviceability criteria. Instantaneous and long-term deflections in slab specimens with conventional steel and reduced amounts of high-strength steel (as compared with conventional steel) were studied. Two sets of two reinforced concrete slabs, each 14 ft. long, 30 in. wide, were built. The depth, quantity, and type of longitudinal reinforcement were varied ...


Strength Of Reinforced Concrete Beams With High-Strength Steel, Brian C. Rogers, Aishwarya Puranam, Santiago Pujol 2016 Purdue University

Strength Of Reinforced Concrete Beams With High-Strength Steel, Brian C. Rogers, Aishwarya Puranam, Santiago Pujol

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Structures are commonly made of reinforced concrete, which is a composite material made of concrete and steel reinforcement. Using high-strength steel, with yield stress larger than 100 ksi, could help reduce the quantity of steel required in structural members, thus reducing costs and improving constructability. The hypothesis being tested is that smaller quantities of high-strength steel reinforcement (HSSR) can be used in place of conventional steel in reinforced concrete beams while maintaining similar strength and deformation at failure. Two reinforced concrete beams with two different types of longitudinal steel reinforcement were constructed. The beams were 18 in. wide, 30 in ...


Bridge Deck Research At The University Of Tennessee: A Summary Thesis, Lindsey Brooke Phelps 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Bridge Deck Research At The University Of Tennessee: A Summary Thesis, Lindsey Brooke Phelps

Masters Theses

Currently, there has been no compilation of all the research the University of Tennessee has completed on chloride ion penetration in concrete bridge decks. The following thesis is a brief summary of the work that has been completed under Dr. Edwin Burdette’s direction over the last six years along with some additional literature review. The testing consisted of Surface Resistivity and Rapid Chloride Ion Penetration testing. This testing showed that there is, in fact a correlation between the two test methods, though SR testing is much easier to conduct. Considerable testing was completed on bridge decks throughout the state ...


Lattice Boltzmann Methods For Wind Energy Analysis, Stephen Lloyd Wood 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Lattice Boltzmann Methods For Wind Energy Analysis, Stephen Lloyd Wood

Doctoral Dissertations

An estimate of the United States wind potential conducted in 2011 found that the energy available at an altitude of 80 meters is approximately triple the wind energy available 50 meters above ground. In 2012, 43% of all new electricity generation installed in the U.S. (13.1 GW) came from wind power. The majority of this power, 79%, comes from large utility scale turbines that are being manufactured at unprecedented sizes. Existing wind plants operate with a capacity factor of only approximately 30%. Measurements have shown that the turbulent wake of a turbine persists for many rotor diameters, inducing ...


Aggregate Shape Characterization Using Digital Image Processing, Norbert H. Maerz, David Newton Richardson 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Aggregate Shape Characterization Using Digital Image Processing, Norbert H. Maerz, David Newton Richardson

David N. Richardson, Ph.D., P.E., F.ACI (Emeritus)

Aggregates must meet certain specifications to be acceptable in asphalt and concrete applications. Among these are specifications that deal with the various aspects of aggregate shape, including flatness and elongation and aggregate angularity. The current practice for ensuring those specifications is the use of manual-mechanical tests. These tests are time consuming, labor intensive and subjective. In addition, tests such as the compacted or uncompacted voids tests (Figure 1), are taken to be a shape (angularity) indicator, even thought the measured quantify is the void ratio. This report describes a prototype of an automated digital video image analysis system that measures ...


A Fixed Platform Topside Piping System Strength Analysis Under Dynamic Pigging/Slugging Loads, Heng Gu, Zhongwei Li 2016 Rexa Inc.

A Fixed Platform Topside Piping System Strength Analysis Under Dynamic Pigging/Slugging Loads, Heng Gu, Zhongwei Li

Heng Gu

This paper presents the strength analysis of a fixed platform topside piping system under dynamic
pigging/slugging load. Flow assurance analysis by using OLGA provided the flow history in each pipe. Then the dynamic loads at each pipe elbow were added by time sequence onto ANSYS model. The analysis has shown overstressed region under new pigging/slugging loads and proposed modification plan to reduce the stress.


Survival Analyses For Bridge Decks In Northern United States, Habib Tabatabai, Chin-Wei Lee, Mohammad A. Tabatabai 2016 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Survival Analyses For Bridge Decks In Northern United States, Habib Tabatabai, Chin-Wei Lee, Mohammad A. Tabatabai

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Articles

The use of deicing salts in northern regions of the United States is a major contributor to the long-term deterioration of bridge decks. In this study, the 2008 U.S. National Bridge Inventory (NBI) records were used to develop survival models for non-reconstructed bridge decks in six northern states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. The hypertabastic accelerated failure model was used to develop survival (reliability) and hazard (failure rate) functions for all six states. The NBI parameters included were the deck rating, type of superstructure (concrete or steel), deck surface area, age, and average daily traffic ...


State-Of-The-Practice Review Of Maintenance Closure Structures For Large Spillway Gates, C. M. Johnson, R. T. Indri, F. G. Snider, S. M. Planck, K. F. De Lapp 2016 Schnabel Engineering

State-Of-The-Practice Review Of Maintenance Closure Structures For Large Spillway Gates, C. M. Johnson, R. T. Indri, F. G. Snider, S. M. Planck, K. F. De Lapp

6ᵗʰ International Symposium on Hydraulic Structures

Maintenance, remediation, and inspection of large spillway gates are best performed in a dry, dewatered state due to reduced overall cost, worker safety, and improved work quality. Provision for gate dewatering has become a key design consideration for new spillways. Unfortunately, many existing spillways were not originally constructed with gate dewatering capabilities. Therefore, maintenance and inspection work has often been scheduled during planned drawdowns or seasonally low reservoir levels. However, for operators of hydroelectric, flood control, water supply, and multi-purpose dams, artificial drawdowns can significantly impact operations, flood protection, downstream habitat, and revenue generation. Aging gates deteriorate and require significant ...


Folsom Dam Auxiliary Spillway – Design Innovations And Construction Lessons Learned, C. Y. Wan, C. M. Nolan 2016 US Army Corps of Engineers

Folsom Dam Auxiliary Spillway – Design Innovations And Construction Lessons Learned, C. Y. Wan, C. M. Nolan

6ᵗʰ International Symposium on Hydraulic Structures

The new Folsom Dam Auxiliary Spillway gated Control Structure, part of the overarching Joint Federal Project, was recently completed. To make operation and maintenance activities for this activity more user-friendly, this project implemented innovative designs, and a select few related to the tainter gate (seals, dogging system, and anchor inspection access) are presented in this paper. This project also provided additional monitoring capacity to the trunnion anchors, both during and post-construction, both physical and data, with great results. Further, this paper discusses some lessons learned on tainter gate specifications during gate construction and installation. Building and bridge construction specifications were ...


Durability-Based Optimal Design Methodology For Rc Members In Corrosive Environment, Saeid A. Alghamdi, Shamsad Ahmad, Adamu Lawan 2016 King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

Durability-Based Optimal Design Methodology For Rc Members In Corrosive Environment, Saeid A. Alghamdi, Shamsad Ahmad, Adamu Lawan

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

No abstract provided.


Retrofitting Adobe Buildings, Ashley V. Gaur, Jessica E. Ellis 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Retrofitting Adobe Buildings, Ashley V. Gaur, Jessica E. Ellis

Architectural Engineering

No abstract provided.


Broad Street Apartments, Carla Alejandra Simental, Viviana C. Sanchez 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Broad Street Apartments, Carla Alejandra Simental, Viviana C. Sanchez

Architectural Engineering

No abstract provided.


The Design And Construction Of A Rear Bumper With Incorporated Spare Tire Rack, Alan C. Isaacson 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

The Design And Construction Of A Rear Bumper With Incorporated Spare Tire Rack, Alan C. Isaacson

BioResource and Agricultural Engineering

This senior project outlines the design and construction of a rear bumper with incorporated spare tire and equipment rack for a 1946 Willys CJ2A Jeep. The spare tire rack is capable of swinging out away from the vehicle to allow for the use of the vehicle’s tailgate. The bumper was designed for strength, functionality and aesthetic qualities alike. Additionally, the bumper design considered all vehicle codes and regulations.


Development Of A Transition Between An Energy-Absorbing Concrete Barrier And A Rigid Concrete Buttress, Tyler Schmidt 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Development Of A Transition Between An Energy-Absorbing Concrete Barrier And A Rigid Concrete Buttress, Tyler Schmidt

Civil Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

From 2010 to 2015, MwRSF researchers developed the RESTORE barrier, which is a restorable MASH TL-4 median barrier with a steel and concrete rail supported by elastomer posts and steel skids. The research effort reported herein describes the initial development of a transition from the RESTORE barrier to a rigid TL-4 concrete buttress.

The previously-developed RESTORE barrier LS-DYNA model was validated against three full-scale vehicle crash tests. Several design concepts were generated through a series of brainstorming efforts. The primary transition concept consisted of a pin and loop connection between the RESTORE barrier and rigid concrete buttress, which was designed ...


Experimental Building Demonstration Model With Viscous Fluid Dampers, Blake Thomas Reeve, Brianna Jean Kufa, Aden Malek Stepanians, Sophie Carmion Ratkovich 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Experimental Building Demonstration Model With Viscous Fluid Dampers, Blake Thomas Reeve, Brianna Jean Kufa, Aden Malek Stepanians, Sophie Carmion Ratkovich

Architectural Engineering

The Architectural Engineering major places a heavy emphasis on structural dynamics and the role of wind and seismic loading in building analysis and design. Buildings of high importance that are critical to community function, such as hospitals, often utilize supplemental damping devices like supplemental viscous fluid dampers or base isolators to reduce the overall demands on the structural system. The design and analysis of these dampers are typically not taught at the undergraduate level, and is frequently performed by mechanical engineers, in lieu of structural engineers.

To better understand and research building behavior with supplemental damping devices, our multi-disciplinary team ...


Structural Calculations For Nepal Vocational Learning Center, Nicholas Petrarca 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Structural Calculations For Nepal Vocational Learning Center, Nicholas Petrarca

Architectural Engineering

This project goal is to build a Leadership Vocational School for youth, women, differently abled, and local leaders of rural and Kathmandu Nepal. The client for this project is an organization called Sakcham Rural Nepal and they partnered with a humanitarian organization called Journeyman International to find Architecture and Architectural Engineering students to design a safe, attractive and functional building to fit their needs.


Mat-707: Development Of Enhanced Test Methods To Evaluate Alkali-Silica Reaction In Concrete, Noura Sinno, Medhat Shehata 2016 Ryerson University

Mat-707: Development Of Enhanced Test Methods To Evaluate Alkali-Silica Reaction In Concrete, Noura Sinno, Medhat Shehata

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering

The research presented in this paper studies the effect of sample geometry and temperature on expansion due to alkali-silica reaction (ASR) in concrete. Expansions of cubes and cylinders are compared to those of the standard prisms. Control samples, samples with fly ash (FA) and others with slag are investigated at two temperatures, 38°C and 60°C. At 38°C, results showed that smaller samples have higher expansion at early ages. However, larger samples such as cubes and cylinders seem to reach higher expansion compared to prisms after 32 weeks for both control and samples with fly ash. In addition ...


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