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Design And Planned Obsolescence. Theories And Approaches For Designing Enabling Technologies, Matteo Zallio Dr., Damon Berry Dr. 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

Design And Planned Obsolescence. Theories And Approaches For Designing Enabling Technologies, Matteo Zallio Dr., Damon Berry Dr.

Articles

We are currently living in a decade where smart objects and Internet of Things (IoT)-based devices are becoming part of daily life in different contexts. This research seeks to investigate and verify, by using a formal literature review methodology, the most visible aspects of technological development, within the Industry 4.0 and IoT scenario, in relation to the theories of the so called “Planned Obsolescence”.

This study covers a defined number of works on Design theories and practices on how to face the issue of built-in obsolescence of devices in the era of the Connected Devices. The majority of ...


Bim+Blockchain: A Solution To The Trust Problem In Collaboration?, Malachy Mathews, Dan Robles, Brian Bowe 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

Bim+Blockchain: A Solution To The Trust Problem In Collaboration?, Malachy Mathews, Dan Robles, Brian Bowe

Conference papers

This paper provides an overview of historic and current organizational limitations emerging in the Architecture, Engineering, Construction, Building Owner / Operations (AECOO) Industry. It then provides an overview of new technologies that attempt to mitigate these limitations. However, these technologies, taken together, appear to be converging and creating entirely new organizational structures in the AEC industries. This may be characterized by the emergence of what is called the Network Effect and it’s related calculus. This paper culminates with an introduction to Blockchain Technology (BT) and it’s integration with the emergence of groundbreaking technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT ...


On The Ramberg-Osgood Stress-Strain Model And Large Deformations Of Cantilever Beams, Ronald J. Giardina Jr 2017 University of New Orleans

On The Ramberg-Osgood Stress-Strain Model And Large Deformations Of Cantilever Beams, Ronald J. Giardina Jr

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis the Ramberg-Osgood nonlinear model for describing the behavior of many different materials is investigated. A brief overview of the model as it is currently used in the literature is undertaken and several misunderstandings and possible pitfalls in its application is pointed out, especially as it pertains to more recent approaches to finding solutions involving the model. There is an investigation of the displacement of a cantilever beam under a combined loading consisting of a distributed load across the entire length of the beam and a point load at its end and new solutions to this problem are ...


Scoring Design-Build Proposals For Military Construction Projects, Douglas D. Gransberg 2017 Iowa State University

Scoring Design-Build Proposals For Military Construction Projects, Douglas D. Gransberg

Douglas D. Gransberg

No abstract provided.


Technology To Manufacture Oriented Pvc (Pvc-O) Pipes, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Technology To Manufacture Oriented Pvc (Pvc-O) Pipes, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The development of Molecor´s technology, which is based on the application of a Molecular Orientation process, has delivered a significant turning point in the pipelines sector. With this technological development, the company has begun to manufacture TOM® PVC-O pipes, the most eco-friendly pipes on the market. The Molecor technology enabled eradicating many of the existing disadvantages of thermoplastic pipes.

This technology delivers a clear objective; to provide the water industry with a solution for pipes carrying pressurized water in an environmentally friendly, yet cost efficient manner. This also extends a service life compared to pipeline materials currently in use ...


Bim Innovation Capability Programme Of Ireland, Barry McAuley, Alan Hore, Roger West 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

Bim Innovation Capability Programme Of Ireland, Barry Mcauley, Alan Hore, Roger West

Conference papers

The Irish Government has requested that Enterprise Ireland, an organisation responsible for the development and growth of Irish enterprises in world markets to actively promote the use of BIM in Ireland. This promotion has taken the form of an opportunity for Enterprise Ireland clients to apply for a grant under their BIM Enable and BIM Implementation schemes and also through their funding of the BIM Innovation Capability Programme (BICP) of Ireland. The BICP is a two-year project (2016-2018) which seeks to capture the capability of the Irish Construction Industry and the Higher Education Institutes to respond to the increased requirement ...


Bridge Structural Condition Assessment Using 3d Imaging, Simon Laflamme, Yelda Turkan, Liangyu Tan 2017 Iowa State University

Bridge Structural Condition Assessment Using 3d Imaging, Simon Laflamme, Yelda Turkan, Liangyu Tan

Simon Laflamme

Objective, accurate, and fast assessment of bridge structural condition is critical to timely assess safety risks. Current practices for bridge condition assessment rely on visual observations and manual interpretation of reports and sketches prepared by inspectors in the field. Visual observation, manual reporting and interpretation has several drawbacks such as being labor intensive, subject to personal judgment and experience, and prone to error. Terrestrial laser scanners (TLS) are promising sensors to automatically identify structural condition indicators, such as cracks, displacements and deflected shapes, as they are able to provide high coverage and accuracy at long ranges. However, there is limited ...


Large-Scale Flexible Membrane For Automatic Strain Monitoring Of Transportation Infrastructure, Simon Laflamme, Venkata D. Kolipara, Hussam S. Saleem, Randall L. Geiger 2017 Iowa State University

Large-Scale Flexible Membrane For Automatic Strain Monitoring Of Transportation Infrastructure, Simon Laflamme, Venkata D. Kolipara, Hussam S. Saleem, Randall L. Geiger

Randall Geiger

Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of transportation infrastructures is a complex task, typically conducted by visual inspection due to the technical and economical constrains of existing health monitoring technologies. It results that health monitoring is highly dependent on scheduling and on the judgment of the inspectors, which can be costly and ineffective. Thus, it is fundamental to automate the SHM process to allow timely inspection, maintenance, and management of transportation infrastructure. The authors propose a flexible membrane that can be deployed over large surfaces, at low cost, for automatic and continuous monitoring of strains. The membrane, termed sensing skin, is constituted ...


Natural Selection Of Asphalt Mix Stiffness Predictive Models With Genetic Programming, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Sunghwan Kim, Halil Ceylan, Siddhartha K. Khaitan 2017 Iowa State University

Natural Selection Of Asphalt Mix Stiffness Predictive Models With Genetic Programming, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Sunghwan Kim, Halil Ceylan, Siddhartha K. Khaitan

Siddhartha Khaitan

Genetic Programming (GP) is a systematic, domain-independent evolutionary computation technique that stochastically evolves populations of computer programs to perform a user-defined task. Similar to Genetic Algorithms (GA) which evolves a population of individuals to better ones, GP iteratively transforms a population of computer programs into a new generation of programs by applying biologically inspired operations such as crossover, mutation, etc. In this paper, a population of Hot-Mix Asphalt (HMA) dynamic modulus stiffness prediction models is genetically evolved to better ones by applying the principles of genetic programming. The HMA dynamic modulus (|E*|), one of the stiffness measures, is the primary ...


Non-Linear Inverse Analysis Of Transportation Structures Using Neuro-Adaptive Networks With Hybrid Learning Algorithm, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Siddhartha K. Khaitan, Halil Ceylan 2017 Iowa State University

Non-Linear Inverse Analysis Of Transportation Structures Using Neuro-Adaptive Networks With Hybrid Learning Algorithm, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Siddhartha K. Khaitan, Halil Ceylan

Siddhartha Khaitan

The load-bearing capacity of pavement structures is a fundamental structural performance metric of transportation infrastructure networks in the context of safe and efficient movement of people and goods from one place to another. Non-destructive test (NDT) methods are typically employed to routinely evaluate the structural condition of pavement structures, their lifespan and the appropriate maintenance activities to be carried out. This involves computing the Young’s modulus of each layer of the pavement structure through inverse analysis of acquired NDT data. Over the past two decades, soft computing techniques such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), Genetic Algorithms (GAs), and Fuzzy ...


Dynamic Characterization Of A Soft Elastomeric Capacitor For Structural Health Monitoring, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini, Hussam Saleem, Antonella D'Alessandro, Austin R.J. Downey, Halil Ceylan, Annibale L. Materazzi 2017 Iowa State University

Dynamic Characterization Of A Soft Elastomeric Capacitor For Structural Health Monitoring, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini, Hussam Saleem, Antonella D'Alessandro, Austin R.J. Downey, Halil Ceylan, Annibale L. Materazzi

Halil Ceylan

Structural health monitoring of civil infrastructures is a difficult task, often impeded by the geometrical size of the monitored systems. Recent advances in conducting polymers enabled the fabrication of flexible sensors capable of covering large areas, a possible solution to the monitoring challenge of mesoscale systems. The authors have previously proposed a novel sensor consisting of a soft elastomeric capacitor (SEC) acting as a strain gauge. Arranged in a network configuration, the SECs have the potential to cover very large surfaces. In this paper, understanding of the proposed sensor is furthered by evaluating its performance at vibration-based monitoring of large-scale ...


Novel Nanocomposite Technologies For Dynamic Monitoring Of Structures: A Comparison Between Cement-Based Embeddable And Soft Elastomeric Surface Sensors, Filippo Ubertini, Simon Laflamme, Halil Ceylan, Annibale L. Materazzi, Gianluca Cerni, Hussam Saleem, Antonella D'Alessandro, Alessandro Corradini 2017 University of Perugia

Novel Nanocomposite Technologies For Dynamic Monitoring Of Structures: A Comparison Between Cement-Based Embeddable And Soft Elastomeric Surface Sensors, Filippo Ubertini, Simon Laflamme, Halil Ceylan, Annibale L. Materazzi, Gianluca Cerni, Hussam Saleem, Antonella D'Alessandro, Alessandro Corradini

Halil Ceylan

The authors have recently developed two novel solutions for strain sensing using nanocomposite materials. While they both aim at providing cost-effective solutions for the monitoring of local information on large-scale structures, the technologies are different in their applications and physical principles. One sensor is made of a cementitious material, which could make it suitable for embedding within the core of concrete structures prior to casting, and is a resistor, consisting of a carbon nanotube cement-based transducer. The other sensor can be used to create an external sensing skin and is a capacitor, consisting of a flexible conducting elastomer fabricated from ...


Terrestrial Laser Scanning Roughness Assessments For Infrastructure, Ahmad A. Alhasan, David J. White 2017 Iowa State University

Terrestrial Laser Scanning Roughness Assessments For Infrastructure, Ahmad A. Alhasan, David J. White

David J. White

Road roughness is a key parameter for controlling pavement construction processes and for assessing ride quality of both paved and unpaved roads. This paper describes algorithms used in processing three-dimensional (3D) stationary terrestrial laser scanning (STLS) point clouds to obtain surface maps of point wise indices that characterize pavement roughness. The backbone of the analysis is a quarter-car model simulation over a spatial 3D mesh grid representing the pavement surface. Two case studies are presented, and results show high spatial variability in the roughness indices both longitudinally and transversely (i.e., different wheel path positions). It is proposed that road ...


Impacts Of Automated Machine Guidance On Earthwork Operations, Pavana K. R. Vennapusa, David J. White, Charles T. Jahren 2017 Iowa State University

Impacts Of Automated Machine Guidance On Earthwork Operations, Pavana K. R. Vennapusa, David J. White, Charles T. Jahren

David J. White

Use of automated machine guidance (AMG) that links sophisticated design software with construction equipment to direct the operations of construction machinery with a high level of precision, has the potential to improve the overall quality, safety, and efficiency of transportation construction. Many highway agencies are currently moving towards standardizing the various aspects involved in AMG with developing the design files to implementing them during construction. In this paper, two aspects of AMG and their impacts on earthwork operations are discussed. The first aspect deals with the estimation of earthwork quantities and its impact on productivity on costs. The second aspect ...


Earthwork Haul-Truck Cycle-Time Monitoring – A Case Study, Ahmad Abdulraheem Alhasan, David J. White 2017 Iowa State University

Earthwork Haul-Truck Cycle-Time Monitoring – A Case Study, Ahmad Abdulraheem Alhasan, David J. White

David J. White

Recent developments in autonomous technologies have motivated practitioners to adopt new technologies in highway and earthwork construction projects. This project set out to (1) identify new and emerging autonomous earthwork technologies and (2) set up a field study to monitor site-level equipment operations at an earthmoving project. The results of the first part of this study are described in a separate report (2015 Conference on Autonomous and Robotic Construction of Infrastructure [CARCI]). The information reported herein presents the results of the site-level monitoring of an earthwork project, where the objective was to quantify haul truck cycle time. The site selected ...


Earthwork Haul-Truck Cycle-Time Monitoring – A Case Study, Ahmad Abdulraheem Alhasan, David J. White 2017 Iowa State University

Earthwork Haul-Truck Cycle-Time Monitoring – A Case Study, Ahmad Abdulraheem Alhasan, David J. White

David J. White

Recent developments in autonomous technologies have motivated practitioners to adopt new technologies in highway and earthwork construction projects. This project set out to (1) identify new and emerging autonomous earthwork technologies and (2) set up a field study to monitor site-level equipment operations at an earthmoving project. The results of the first part of this study are described in a separate report (2015 Conference on Autonomous and Robotic Construction of Infrastructure [CARCI]). The information reported herein presents the results of the site-level monitoring of an earthwork project, where the objective was to quantify haul truck cycle time. The site selected ...


Comparative Performance Of Concrete Pavements With Recycled Concrete Aggregate (Rca) And Virgin Aggregate Subbases, Sunghwan Kim, Halil Ceylan, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, David J. White, Charles T. Jahren, Thang Huu Phan 2017 Iowa State University

Comparative Performance Of Concrete Pavements With Recycled Concrete Aggregate (Rca) And Virgin Aggregate Subbases, Sunghwan Kim, Halil Ceylan, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, David J. White, Charles T. Jahren, Thang Huu Phan

David J. White

Using recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) as base/subbase for road construction is alternative way to manage construction waste and reduces the need for virgin aggregates. This paper discusses the long-term performance of concrete pavements on RCA granular layer in comparison to concrete pavements on virgin aggregate granular layer. 18 representative RCA pavement sections across Iowa were primary selected considering state wide location and pavement age. Detailed visual distress surveys were conducted to identify the current pavement surface condition information and the primary distress on RCA granular layer pavement. The pavement information data for the surveyed RCA subbase sections and the ...


Terrestrial Laser Scanning Roughness Assessments For Infrastructure, Ahmad A. Alhasan, David J. White 2017 Iowa State University

Terrestrial Laser Scanning Roughness Assessments For Infrastructure, Ahmad A. Alhasan, David J. White

David J. White

Road roughness is a key parameter for controlling pavement construction processes and for assessing ride quality of both paved and unpaved roads. This paper describes algorithms used in processing three-dimensional (3D) stationary terrestrial laser scanning (STLS) point clouds to obtain surface maps of point wise indices that characterize pavement roughness. The backbone of the analysis is a quarter-car model simulation over a spatial 3D mesh grid representing the pavement surface. Two case studies are presented, and results show high spatial variability in the roughness indices both longitudinally and transversely (i.e., different wheel path positions). It is proposed that road ...


Earthwork Haul-Truck Cycle-Time Monitoring – A Case Study, Ahmad Abdulraheem Alhasan, David J. White 2017 Iowa State University

Earthwork Haul-Truck Cycle-Time Monitoring – A Case Study, Ahmad Abdulraheem Alhasan, David J. White

David J. White

Recent developments in autonomous technologies have motivated practitioners to adopt new technologies in highway and earthwork construction projects. This project set out to (1) identify new and emerging autonomous earthwork technologies and (2) set up a field study to monitor site-level equipment operations at an earthmoving project. The results of the first part of this study are described in a separate report (2015 Conference on Autonomous and Robotic Construction of Infrastructure [CARCI]). The information reported herein presents the results of the site-level monitoring of an earthwork project, where the objective was to quantify haul truck cycle time. The site selected ...


Impacts Of Automated Machine Guidance On Earthwork Operations, Pavana K. R. Vennapusa, David J. White, Charles T. Jahren 2017 Iowa State University

Impacts Of Automated Machine Guidance On Earthwork Operations, Pavana K. R. Vennapusa, David J. White, Charles T. Jahren

David J. White

Use of automated machine guidance (AMG) that links sophisticated design software with construction equipment to direct the operations of construction machinery with a high level of precision, has the potential to improve the overall quality, safety, and efficiency of transportation construction. Many highway agencies are currently moving towards standardizing the various aspects involved in AMG with developing the design files to implementing them during construction. In this paper, two aspects of AMG and their impacts on earthwork operations are discussed. The first aspect deals with the estimation of earthwork quantities and its impact on productivity on costs. The second aspect ...


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