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Exploring Factors Contributing To Injury Severity At Freeway Merging And Diverging Locations In Ohio, Worku Y. Mergia, Deogratias Eustace, Deo Chimba, Maher Butros Qumsiyeh 2016 Geotest Engineering, Houston, Texas

Exploring Factors Contributing To Injury Severity At Freeway Merging And Diverging Locations In Ohio, Worku Y. Mergia, Deogratias Eustace, Deo Chimba, Maher Butros Qumsiyeh

Maher Qumsiyeh

Identifying factors that affect crash injury severity and understanding how these factors affect injury severity is critical in planning and implementing highway safety improvement programs. Factors such as driver-related, traffic-related, environment-related and geometric design-related were considered when developing statistical models to predict the effects of these factors on the severity of injuries sustained from motor vehicle crashes at merging and diverging locations. Police-reported crash data at selected freeway merging and diverging areas in the state of Ohio were used for the development of the models. A generalized ordinal logit model also known as partial proportional odds model was applied to ...


Portable Modular Conveyor, Purdue ECT Team 2016 Purdue University

Portable Modular Conveyor, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The Portable Modular Conveyor-Material Placer (PMC) is a quick, easy, dependable and cost effective way to place materials in the limits of the confined grade or work area. This specialized piece of equipment was developed to place concrete in front of a concrete slip form-paving machine. The typical method of placing concrete requires a self-propelled belt placer, which is very expensive to purchase and mobilize to the jobsite. The PMC creates a significant cost savings in labor and equipment with the PMC. It is a direct replacement for conventional material placing equipment, including all in grade belt placing machines. As ...


Strength Of Reinforced Concrete Beams With High-Strength Steel, Brian C. Rogers, Aishwarya Puranam, Santiago Pujol 2016 Purdue University

Strength Of Reinforced Concrete Beams With High-Strength Steel, Brian C. Rogers, Aishwarya Puranam, Santiago Pujol

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Structures are commonly made of reinforced concrete, which is a composite material made of concrete and steel reinforcement. Using high-strength steel, with yield stress larger than 100 ksi, could help reduce the quantity of steel required in structural members, thus reducing costs and improving constructability. The hypothesis being tested is that smaller quantities of high-strength steel reinforcement (HSSR) can be used in place of conventional steel in reinforced concrete beams while maintaining similar strength and deformation at failure. Two reinforced concrete beams with two different types of longitudinal steel reinforcement were constructed. The beams were 18 in. wide, 30 in ...


Modeling Atypical Building Use With Commercially Available Building Simulation Software, Sarah E. Schanck 2016 Rowan University

Modeling Atypical Building Use With Commercially Available Building Simulation Software, Sarah E. Schanck

Theses and Dissertations

National Guard armories are audited to provide recommendations for future energy reduction measures. The annual energy consumption of a New Jersey National Guard Armories cannot be modeled directly with commercially available building simulation software, due to discrepancies between the modeling capabilities of the software and the reality of the armory. A building simulation software, eQUEST, was chosen for use in this project. Discrepancies between eQUEST inputs and reality were identified and correction factors developed to minimize the effect of each discrepancy on predicted energy consumption, with the end goal of accuracy between predicted and actual energy consumption. In addition, an ...


Optimization Of Air Entrained Grout Enriched Roller Compacted Concrete For Improving Freeze-Thaw Resistance Of Hydraulic Structures, E. S. Musselman, R. J. Flynn, G. J. Zimmer, J. R. Young PE 2016 Villanova University

Optimization Of Air Entrained Grout Enriched Roller Compacted Concrete For Improving Freeze-Thaw Resistance Of Hydraulic Structures, E. S. Musselman, R. J. Flynn, G. J. Zimmer, J. R. Young Pe

6ᵗʰ International Symposium on Hydraulic Structures

Roller compacted concrete (RCC) is frequently used to construct gravity dams, stepped spillways, and to armor earthen embankments for passing extreme floods. Early experience on RCC dam applications in the 1980s showed a tendency for seepage to develop along the lift lines. Therefore, RCC dam designers started including an upstream facing system as a watertight barrier. An alternative facing material that has been used extensively overseas and is starting to gain more widespread acceptance in the United States is Grout Enriched RCC (GERCC). The grout enriched method of face construction has been shown to be less expensive than other facing ...


Decision-Making Through Sustainability, F. Pardo-Bosch, A. Aguado 2016 Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (BcnTech)

Decision-Making Through Sustainability, F. Pardo-Bosch, A. Aguado

6ᵗʰ International Symposium on Hydraulic Structures

From immemorial time, dams have contributed significantly for the progress of civilizations. For this reason, nowadays, there is a vast engineering heritage. Over the years, these infrastructures can present some ordinary maintenance issues associated with their normal operation or with ageing processes.

Normally, these problems do not represent an important risk for the structure, but they have to be attended. To do it, owners of dams have to finance many ordinary interventions. As it is impossible to carry out all of them at the same time, managers have to make a decision and select the most “important” ones. However, it ...


Revealing Student Misconceptions And Instructor Blind Spots With Muddiest Point Formative Feedback, Cindy Waters, Stephen Krause, Janet Callahan, Barry Dupen, Mary Vollaro, Peggy Weeks 2016 North Carolina A & T State University

Revealing Student Misconceptions And Instructor Blind Spots With Muddiest Point Formative Feedback, Cindy Waters, Stephen Krause, Janet Callahan, Barry Dupen, Mary Vollaro, Peggy Weeks

Manufacturing and Construction Engineering Technology Faculty Presentations

Of interest to all engineering disciplines, well-designed formative feedback has the potential to enhance both instructor teaching and student learning. Delivering fundamental courses year after year can ultimately lead faculty to use stale notes or slides from past years. This approach may save time but does not meet the shifting needs of our students who have high expectations from their instructors. One simple method to improve teaching is to employ muddiest point reflections. Muddiest point reflections involve simply asking students to anonymously reflect on what was "muddy", i.e. confusing, during class and to rank their level of confusion which ...


Analyzing Decision Making In Alternative Contracting For Highway Pavement Rehabilitation Projects, Mohamed Ibrahim 2016 Florida International University

Analyzing Decision Making In Alternative Contracting For Highway Pavement Rehabilitation Projects, Mohamed Ibrahim

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The negative impacts associated with highway pavement rehabilitation projects drove state highway agencies (SHAs) towards increased adoption of alternative contracting methods (ACMs) to accelerate the construction of such projects; hence, reducing these impacts on the travelling public. However, the application of such methods showed mixed results due to the lack of specific guidelines addressing the adoption of such methods and the selection of the best ACM for each project. This lack of guidelines stems from the lack of research studies examining the impact of each of these methods on the time/cost trade-off relationship in highway rehabilitation projects. Existing literature ...


Corrosion Of Steel In Concrete And Its Prevention In Aggressive Chloride-Bearing Environments, Luca Bertolini, Maddalena Carsana, Matteo Gastaldi, Federica Lollini, Elena Redaelli 2016 Politecnico di Milano

Corrosion Of Steel In Concrete And Its Prevention In Aggressive Chloride-Bearing Environments, Luca Bertolini, Maddalena Carsana, Matteo Gastaldi, Federica Lollini, Elena Redaelli

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

This keynote paper deals with the durability of reinforced concrete (RC) structures exposed to aggressive environments characterized by high concentration of chloride ions, namely, marine environments or the use of de-icing salts. The mechanism of chloride-induced corrosion of steel in concrete is introduced, and its influence on the service life of RC structures is analyzed. Factors affecting the time to corrosion initiation are described with regard to both concrete properties and environmental exposure conditions. Design approaches available for achieving durability targets associated with the design service life are analyzed, focusing on studies carried out by the authors in recent years ...


An Investigation Of The Impact A Rov Competition Curriculum Has On Student Interest In Stem, Specifically Technology And Engineering, Daniel Gordon Bates 2016 Brigham Young University - Provo

An Investigation Of The Impact A Rov Competition Curriculum Has On Student Interest In Stem, Specifically Technology And Engineering, Daniel Gordon Bates

All Student Publications

This research investigates the impact a Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) program has on student interest in, and perception of, technology and engineering (sTEm). ROV programs embed areas of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) into their curriculum; however, emphasis for this study is placed on interest and perception of the "T" and "E" of STEM. Although there are many articles detailing the benefits of ROV programs, there is little empirical data documenting the impact on student interest and perception of sTEm. This study outlines the background of a few major ROV programs in the U.S.; specifically Utah Underwater Robotics ...


Mat-707: Development Of Enhanced Test Methods To Evaluate Alkali-Silica Reaction In Concrete, Noura Sinno, Medhat Shehata 2016 Ryerson University

Mat-707: Development Of Enhanced Test Methods To Evaluate Alkali-Silica Reaction In Concrete, Noura Sinno, Medhat Shehata

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering

The research presented in this paper studies the effect of sample geometry and temperature on expansion due to alkali-silica reaction (ASR) in concrete. Expansions of cubes and cylinders are compared to those of the standard prisms. Control samples, samples with fly ash (FA) and others with slag are investigated at two temperatures, 38°C and 60°C. At 38°C, results showed that smaller samples have higher expansion at early ages. However, larger samples such as cubes and cylinders seem to reach higher expansion compared to prisms after 32 weeks for both control and samples with fly ash. In addition ...


Mat-723: Bond Behaviour Of Grouted Connections Under Monotonic Tensile Loads, Mohamed Elsayed, Douglas James Provost-Smith, Moncef L. Nehdi, Osama Eissa 2016 Western University

Mat-723: Bond Behaviour Of Grouted Connections Under Monotonic Tensile Loads, Mohamed Elsayed, Douglas James Provost-Smith, Moncef L. Nehdi, Osama Eissa

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering

Grouted bar-in-conduit connections are versatile connections widely used in the precast concrete construction. In precast load bearing wall structures, two vertical wall panels are connected by a reinforcing bar, which is projected from one panel and grouted into a sleeve placed in the other. The main function of the ties is to resist tension induced by in-plane and out-of-plane straining actions and to provide ductility to the wall assembly through the yielding of the reinforcement. Limited information is currently available on the behaviour of such connections. This paper presents the findings of an investigation conducted to investigate the behaviour of ...


Mat-722: Effect Of Fiber Orientation On The Behavior Of Cfrp Confined Concrete Cylinders, Ahmed Sulaiman, Husham Almansour, Hassan Aoude 2016 University of Ottawa

Mat-722: Effect Of Fiber Orientation On The Behavior Of Cfrp Confined Concrete Cylinders, Ahmed Sulaiman, Husham Almansour, Hassan Aoude

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering

This paper presents the results of an ongoing experimental investigation examining the effect of fiber orientation and stacking sequence on the behavior of FRP-confined concrete. As part of the experimental study, 100 mm x 200 mm concrete cylinders were jacketed with carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) sheets and tested under pure axial compressive loading. The specimens were confined using various CFRP stacking sequences, with fibers oriented at 0⁰, 90⁰, and ±45⁰. Furthermore, within each stacking sequence, the numbers of layers was varied from 4 to 8 to examine the effect of number of plies on the behavior of the FRP-confined ...


Mat-734: Increasing The Durability And Resilience Of Tall Buildings With Precast Concrete Enclosure Systems, Randy A. Van Straaten, John F. Straube, C. Alex Lukachko 2016 RDH Building Science Inc.

Mat-734: Increasing The Durability And Resilience Of Tall Buildings With Precast Concrete Enclosure Systems, Randy A. Van Straaten, John F. Straube, C. Alex Lukachko

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering

In this paper precast concrete wall systems are compared to curtain wall and window wall systems in terms of durability and disaster resilience of multi-story buildings. Window wall systems are currently the enclosure system of choice for tall residential buildings in most parts of North America.

Precast concrete wall systems can be expected to last the lifetime of a building with routine seal replacement. These are highly durable systems. Windows within precast concrete wall systems will require replacement in 25-35 years but represent a limited portion of the wall area and hence are less costly and have less impact on ...


Mat-735: Optimizing Performance Of Zinc Coated Reinforcing Steel In Concrete Structures, Martin Gagné, Shannon Pole, Frank Goodwin, Gary Dallin 2016 International Zinc Association

Mat-735: Optimizing Performance Of Zinc Coated Reinforcing Steel In Concrete Structures, Martin Gagné, Shannon Pole, Frank Goodwin, Gary Dallin

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering

Corrosion of steel reinforcing bar (rebar) is the most significant cause of concrete failure, resulting in expensive repairs and premature structure replacements across the country. This paper will discuss a new, low-cost, zinc coating process for rebar. The properties of this new coated rebar and its contribution to improvement of concrete performance will be presented together with the status of related national and international standards. The Continuous Galvanized Rebar (CGR) coating process is similar to galvanizing of sheet steel. The zinc coating is durable and resistant to abrasion that is routine during transport and construction, but is also highly ductile ...


Mat-731: Mechanical & Durability Properties Of Engineered Cementitious Composites With Different Aggregates, Mohamed A. A. Sherir, Khandaker M. Anwar Hossain, Mohamed Lachemi 2016 Ryerson University

Mat-731: Mechanical & Durability Properties Of Engineered Cementitious Composites With Different Aggregates, Mohamed A. A. Sherir, Khandaker M. Anwar Hossain, Mohamed Lachemi

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering

This paper presents the outcome of a study conducted to exhibit the effect of micro-silica sand and mortar sand on fresh, mechanical and durability properties of Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECCs). ECC is a ductile concrete characterized by strain hardening and multiple-cracking behavior under tension and shear. This study used locally available aggregates instead of standard micro-silica sand to produce cost-effective, sustainable and green ECC mixtures to be used for construction applications. ECCs prepared by both types of sands exhibited almost similar behaviour in terms of fresh, mechanical and durability properties which indicated the viability of producing ECC mixtures with mortar ...


Mat-732: Experimental Study On The Capacity Of Barrier Deck Anchorage In Mtq Pl-3 Barrier Reinforced With Hm-Gfrp Bars With Headed Ends, Michael Rostami, Khaled Sennah, S. Milad Dehnadi 2016 Ryerson University

Mat-732: Experimental Study On The Capacity Of Barrier Deck Anchorage In Mtq Pl-3 Barrier Reinforced With Hm-Gfrp Bars With Headed Ends, Michael Rostami, Khaled Sennah, S. Milad Dehnadi

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering

A recent design work conducted at Ryerson University on PL-3 bridge barrier has led to an economical glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) bar detailing for sustainable construction. A PL-3 barrier wall of 27.6 m length was constructed using the proposed GFRP bar configuration, incorporating the use of V-Rod headed-end bars. The proposed barrier configuration was recently crash tested to qualify its use in Canada’s highway bridges. Then, wall segments of this barrier were tested under static loading to-collapse to determine their structural behavior, crack pattern and ultimate load carrying capacity under simulated vehicle impact load. Test results led ...


Mat-716: Green Sidewalks Using Sustainable Two-Stage Concrete, Manal F. Najjar, Ahmed M. Soliman, Tareq M. Azabi, Moncef L. Nehdi 2016 Western University

Mat-716: Green Sidewalks Using Sustainable Two-Stage Concrete, Manal F. Najjar, Ahmed M. Soliman, Tareq M. Azabi, Moncef L. Nehdi

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering

Two-stage concrete (TSC) is a special type of concrete, which has a high potential for use in sidewalk construction owing to its high volume stability. TSC is characterized by its high coarse aggregate content. Hence, using recycled solid waste materials as a coarse aggregate will increase TSC sustainability, while providing a cost-effective alternative to natural aggregates. Aggregates are pre-placed in TSC. Hence, water absorption by recycled concrete aggregates and the associated rheology problems do not exist in TSC. This study explores the performance of green TSC sidewalks incorporating recycled concrete aggregates (RCA) and crumb rubber from scrap tires. Mechanical properties ...


Mat-711: Utilization Of Recycled Crumb Rubber In Structural Self-Consolidating Concrete, Mohamed K. Ismail, Assem A. A. Hassan, Madolyn A. Lundrigan 2016 Memorial University of Newfoundland

Mat-711: Utilization Of Recycled Crumb Rubber In Structural Self-Consolidating Concrete, Mohamed K. Ismail, Assem A. A. Hassan, Madolyn A. Lundrigan

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering

The present work evaluates the impact of using recycled crumb rubber (CR) as a partial replacement of fine aggregate on the fresh and mechanical properties of concrete composite, especially when self-consolidating concrete is used. In this study, seven mixtures containing various amounts of fine CR (0-30% by volume of sand) were tested. The fresh properties tests included flowability, passing ability, and segregation resistance. On the other hand, the mechanical properties tests included compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, splitting tensile strength, and flexural strength. The results indicated that although increasing the CR replacement decreased the fresh and mechanical properties of concrete ...


Mat-702: Mechanical Behaviour Of Ultra-High Performance Concrete Obtained With Different Concrete Constituents And Mix Designs, Mahmoud Sayed-Ahmed, Khaled Sennah, Moulay Youssef Monsif 2016 Ryerson University

Mat-702: Mechanical Behaviour Of Ultra-High Performance Concrete Obtained With Different Concrete Constituents And Mix Designs, Mahmoud Sayed-Ahmed, Khaled Sennah, Moulay Youssef Monsif

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering

This research investigates the mechanical behaviour for the Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) and UltraHigh Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC). UHPC and UHPFRC are designed to be self-consolidated concrete that level itself without mechanical vibration due to its highly flowability and moderate viscosity. UHPFRC is used as joint-fill cementitious materials for the connections of prefabricated bride elements and systems used for the Accelerated Bridge Construction and rapid bridge replacement. The main concrete constituents of such materials consist from: binders (cement), powders (fillers), liquids (additives), water, and fibers. Hence, the mixture proportion design should follow a densified mixture design algorithm to densify ...


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