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Information-Preserving Structures: A General Framework For Quantum Zero-Error Information, Robin Blume-Kohout, Hui Khoon Ng, David Poulin, Lorenza Viola 2010 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

Information-Preserving Structures: A General Framework For Quantum Zero-Error Information, Robin Blume-Kohout, Hui Khoon Ng, David Poulin, Lorenza Viola

Dartmouth Scholarship

Quantum systems carry information. Quantum theory supports at least two distinct kinds of information (classical and quantum), and a variety of different ways to encode and preserve information in physical systems. A system’s ability to carry information is constrained and defined by the noise in its dynamics. This paper introduces an operational framework, using information-preserving structures, to classify all the kinds of information that can be perfectly (i.e., with zero error) preserved by quantum dynamics. We prove that every perfectly preserved code has the same structure as a matrix algebra, and that preserved information can always be corrected ...


Changing Mutual Perception Of Television News Viewers And Program Makers In India- A Case Study Of Cnn-Ibn And Its Unique Initiative Of Citizen Journalism, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr 2010 India Today Group

Changing Mutual Perception Of Television News Viewers And Program Makers In India- A Case Study Of Cnn-Ibn And Its Unique Initiative Of Citizen Journalism, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The Indian television system is one of the most extensive systems in the world. Terrestrial broadcasting, which has been the sole preserve of the government, provides television coverage to over 90% of India's 900 million people. By the end of 1996 nearly 50 million households had television sets. International satellite broadcasting, introduced in 1991, has swept across the country because of the rapid proliferation of small scale cable systems. By the end of 1996, Indians could view dozens of foreign and local channels and the competition for audiences and advertising revenues was one of the hottest in the world ...


Casimir Potential Of A Compact Object Enclosed By A Spherical Cavity, Saad Zaheer, Sahand Jamal Rahi, Thorsten Emig, Robert L. Jaffe 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Casimir Potential Of A Compact Object Enclosed By A Spherical Cavity, Saad Zaheer, Sahand Jamal Rahi, Thorsten Emig, Robert L. Jaffe

Department of Physics Papers

We study the electromagnetic Casimir interaction of a compact object contained inside a closed cavity of another compact object. We express the interaction energy in terms of the objects’ scattering matrices and translation matrices that relate the coordinate systems appropriate to each object. When the enclosing object is an otherwise empty metallic spherical shell, much larger than the internal object, and the two are sufficiently separated, the Casimir force can be expressed in terms of the static electric and magnetic multipole polarizabilities of the internal object, which is analogous to the Casimir-Polder result. Although it is not a simple power ...


Community Radio:History,Growth,Challenges And Current Status Of It With Special Reference To India, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr 2010 India Today Group

Community Radio:History,Growth,Challenges And Current Status Of It With Special Reference To India, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting content that is popular to a local audience but which may often be overlooked by commercial or mass-media broadcasters. Modern-day community radio stations often serve their listeners by offering a variety of content that is not necessarily provided by the larger commercial radio stations. Community radio outlets may carry news and information programming geared toward the local area, particularly immigrant or minority groups that are poorly served by other major media outlets. Philosophically two distinct approaches to community radio can be discerned ...


The Trilinear Hamiltonian: A Zero-Dimensional Model Of Hawking Radiation From A Quantized Source, Paul D. Nation, Miles P. Blencowe 2010 Dartmouth College

The Trilinear Hamiltonian: A Zero-Dimensional Model Of Hawking Radiation From A Quantized Source, Paul D. Nation, Miles P. Blencowe

Dartmouth Scholarship

We investigate a quantum parametric amplifier with dynamical pump mode, viewed as a zero-dimensional model of Hawking radiation from an evaporating black hole. We derive the conditions under which the spectrum of particles generated from vacuum fluctuations deviates from the thermal spectrum predicted for the conventional parametric amplifier. We find that significant deviations arise when the pump mode (black hole) has emitted nearly half of its initial energy into the signal (Hawking radiation) and idler (in-falling particle) modes. As a model of black hole dynamics, this finding lends support to the view that late-time Hawking radiation contains information about the ...


History Of Communication And Its Application In Multicultaral,Multilingual Social System In India Across Ages, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr 2010 India Today Group

History Of Communication And Its Application In Multicultaral,Multilingual Social System In India Across Ages, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The history of communication dates back to the earliest signs of cavemen.Communication can range from very subtle processes of exchange, to full conversations and mass communication. Human communication was revolutionized with speech perhaps 200,000 years ago, Symbols were developed about 30,000 years ago and writing about 7,000. On a much shorter scale, there have been major developments in the field of telecommunication in the past few centuries.


Magnetic Structure And Magnetoelectric Coupling In Bulk And Thin Film Fevo4, Ambesh V. Dixit, Gavin J. Lawes, A. Brooks Harris 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Magnetic Structure And Magnetoelectric Coupling In Bulk And Thin Film Fevo4, Ambesh V. Dixit, Gavin J. Lawes, A. Brooks Harris

Department of Physics Papers

We have investigated the magnetoelectric and magnetodielectric response in FeVO4, which exhibits a change in magnetic structure coincident with ferroelectric ordering at TN2≈15 K. Using symmetry considerations, we construct a model for the possible magnetoelectric coupling in this system and present a discussion of the allowed spin structures in FeVO4. Based on this model, in which the spontaneous polarization is caused by a trilinear spin-phonon interaction, we experimentally explore the magnetoelectric coupling in FeVO4 thin films through measurements of the electric field-induced shift of the multiferroic phase transition temperature, which exhibits an increase of 0 ...


Exotic Smoothness In Four Dimensions And Euclidean Quantum Gravity, Christopher L. Duston 2010 Merrimack

Exotic Smoothness In Four Dimensions And Euclidean Quantum Gravity, Christopher L. Duston

Physics Faculty Publications

In this paper we calculate the effect of the inclusion of exotic smooth structures on typical observables in Euclidean quantum gravity. We do this in the semiclassical regime for several gravitational free-field actions and find that the results are similar, independent of the particular action that is chosen. These are the first results of their kind in dimension four, which we extend to include one-loop contributions as well. We find these topological features can have physically significant results without the need for additional exotic physics.


Intermode Dephasing In A Superconducting Stripline Resonator, Oren Suchoi, Baleegh Abdo, Eran Segev, Oleg Shtempluck, M. P. Blencowe, Eyal Buks 2010 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology

Intermode Dephasing In A Superconducting Stripline Resonator, Oren Suchoi, Baleegh Abdo, Eran Segev, Oleg Shtempluck, M. P. Blencowe, Eyal Buks

Dartmouth Scholarship

We study a superconducting stripline resonator (SSR) made of niobium, which is integrated with a superconducting interference device (SQUID). The large nonlinear inductance of the SQUID gives rise to a strong Kerr nonlinearity in the response of the SSR, which in turn results in strong coupling between different modes of the SSR. We experimentally demonstrate that such intermode coupling gives rise to dephasing of microwave photons. The dephasing rate depends periodically on the external magnetic flux applied to the SQUID, where the largest rate is obtained at half integer values (in units of the flux quantum). To account for our ...


Results From Electrostatic Calibrations For Measuring The Casimir Force In The Cylinder-Plane Geometry, Q. Wei, D. A. R. Dalvit, F. C. Lombardo, F. D. Mazzitelli, R. Onofrio 2010 Dartmouth College

Results From Electrostatic Calibrations For Measuring The Casimir Force In The Cylinder-Plane Geometry, Q. Wei, D. A. R. Dalvit, F. C. Lombardo, F. D. Mazzitelli, R. Onofrio

Dartmouth Scholarship

We report on measurements performed on an apparatus aimed to study the Casimir force in the cylinder-plane configuration. The electrostatic calibrations evidence anomalous behaviors in the dependence of the electrostatic force and the minimizing potential upon distance. We discuss analogies and differences of these anomalies with respect to those already observed in the sphere-plane configuration. At the smallest explored distances we observe frequency shifts of non-Coulombian nature preventing the measurement of the Casimir force in the same range. We also report on measurements performed in the parallel-plane configuration, showing that the dependence on distance of the minimizing potential, if present ...


Modeling Bound States In The Continuum For Multiple Electrons In A Quantum Dot Pair, Thomas Ian Tuegel 2010 Butler University

Modeling Bound States In The Continuum For Multiple Electrons In A Quantum Dot Pair, Thomas Ian Tuegel

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

The bound eigenstates of an electron inside a pair of quantum dots embedded on an infinite quantum wire are examined using the method of particular solutions. The eigenstates of a two-electron system in the same structure are examined perturbatively using wavefunction expansions for the one-electron eigenstates. The stability of the two-electron eigenstates is evaluated and compared with other theoretical results. It is found that stable bound states in the continuum exist for two electrons confined to this geometry.


Charge And Spin Ordering In The Mixed-Valence Compound Lufe2O4, A. Brooks Harris, Taner Yildirim 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Charge And Spin Ordering In The Mixed-Valence Compound Lufe2O4, A. Brooks Harris, Taner Yildirim

Department of Physics Papers

Landau theory and symmetry considerations lead us to propose an explanation for several seemingly paradoxical behaviors of charge ordering (CO) and spin ordering (SO) in the mixed valence compound LuFe2O4. Both SO and CO are highly frustrated. We analyze a lattice gas model of CO within mean-field theory and determine the magnitude of several of the phenomenological interactions. We show that the assumption of a continuous phase transitions at which CO or SO develops implies that both CO and SO are incommensurate. To explain how ferroelectric fluctuations in the charge-disordered phase can be consistent with an antiferroelectric ...


Theoretical And Computational Study Of Time Dependent Scattering On A 2d Surface, Michael Sohn 2010 University of Nevada Las Vegas

Theoretical And Computational Study Of Time Dependent Scattering On A 2d Surface, Michael Sohn

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The quantum mechanical treatment of the elastic scattring of atoms from a crystal surface provides valuable information, such as surface properties and gas-surface interaction potentials. However, since it is based on the stationary state solution, it does not provide the details of the scattering process in the neighborhood of the surface, especially when atoms are physically adsorbed. In this thesis, the time evolution of the scattering process is treated in 2D with a model potential, V(x, z) = -|g|δ(z) + λδ(z)cos(2πx/a), using the Gaussian wave packet approach. The focus is on the case where the ...


A Hands-On Introduction To Single Photons And Quantum Mechanics For Undergraduates, Brett J. Pearson, David P. Jackson 2010 Dickinson College

A Hands-On Introduction To Single Photons And Quantum Mechanics For Undergraduates, Brett J. Pearson, David P. Jackson

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

We describe a series of experiments used in a sophomore-level quantum physics course that are designed to provide students with a hands-on introduction to quantum mechanics. By measuring correlations, we demonstrate that a helium-neon laser produces results consistent with a classical model of light. We then demonstrate that a light source derived from a spontaneous parametric down-conversion process produces results that can only be described using a quantum theory of light, thus providing a (nearly) single-photon source. These single photons are then sent into a Mach–Zehnder interferometer, and interference fringes are observed whenever the path of the photons cannot ...


Equilibrium States Of A Test Particle Coupled To Finite-Size Heat Baths, Qun Wei, S. Taylor Smith, Roberto Onofrio 2010 Dartmouth College

Equilibrium States Of A Test Particle Coupled To Finite-Size Heat Baths, Qun Wei, S. Taylor Smith, Roberto Onofrio

Dartmouth Scholarship

We report on numerical simulations of the dynamics of a test particle coupled to competing Boltzmann heat baths of finite size. After discussing some features of the single bath case, we show that the presence of two heat baths further constrains the conditions necessary for the test particle to thermalize with the heat baths. We find that thermalization is a spectral property in which the oscillators of the bath with frequencies in the range of the test particle characteristic frequency determine its degree of thermalization. We also find an unexpected frequency shift of the test particle response with respect to ...


Casimir Interactions Of An Object Inside A Spherical Metal Shell, Saad Zaheer, Sahand Jamal Rahi, Thorsten Emig, Robert L. Jaffe 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Casimir Interactions Of An Object Inside A Spherical Metal Shell, Saad Zaheer, Sahand Jamal Rahi, Thorsten Emig, Robert L. Jaffe

Department of Physics Papers

We investigate the electromagnetic Casimir interactions of an object contained within an otherwise empty, perfectly conducting spherical shell. For a small object we present analytical calculations of the force, which is directed away from the center of the cavity, and the torque, which tends to align the object opposite to the preferred alignment outside the cavity. For a perfectly conducting sphere as the interior object, we compute the corrections to the proximity force approximation (PFA) numerically. In both cases the results for the interior configuration match smoothly onto those for the corresponding exterior configuration.


Arbitrarily Accurate Dynamical Control In Open Quantum Systems, Kaveh Khodjasteh, Daniel A. Lidar, Lorenza Viola 2010 Dartmouth College

Arbitrarily Accurate Dynamical Control In Open Quantum Systems, Kaveh Khodjasteh, Daniel A. Lidar, Lorenza Viola

Dartmouth Scholarship

We show that open-loop dynamical control techniques may be used to synthesize unitary transformations in open quantum systems in such a way that decoherence is perturbatively compensated for to a desired (in principle arbitrarily high) level of accuracy, which depends only on the strength of the relevant errors and the achievable rate of control modulation. Our constructive and fully analytical solution employs concatenated dynamically corrected gates, and is applicable independently of detailed knowledge of the system-environment interactions and environment dynamics. Explicit implications for boosting quantum gate fidelities in realistic scenarios are addressed.


On Relational Quantum Mechanics, Oscar Acosta 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

On Relational Quantum Mechanics, Oscar Acosta

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

A problem facing quantum mechanics is that there are a number of views or interpretations available that purport to 'explain' quantum mechanics. In this paper I discuss and analyze the view of relational quantum mechanics by Carlo Rovelli in the context of theoretical underdetermination. I will show that even though Rovelli offers a view that consolidates some of the aspects of competing theories it still falls short of breaking out of the theoretical underdetermination. The criteria that I have used to consider a theory successful in this context is one that increases the predictive output of quantum theory. Lacking an ...


Efficient Modeling Techniques For Time-Dependent Quantum System With Applications To Carbon Nanotubes, Zuojing Chen 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Efficient Modeling Techniques For Time-Dependent Quantum System With Applications To Carbon Nanotubes, Zuojing Chen

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The famous Moore's law states: Since the invention of the integrated circuit, the number of transistors that can be placed on an integrated circuit has increased exponentially, doubling approximately every two years. As a result of the downscaling of the size of the transistor, quantum effects have become increasingly important while affecting significantly the device performances. Nowadays, at the nanometer scale, inter-atomic interactions and quantum mechanical properties need to be studied extensively. Device and material simulations are important to achieve these goals because they are flexible and less expensive than experiments. They are also important for designing and characterizing ...


Entropy And Information Causality In General Probabilistic Theories, Howard Barnum, Jonathan Barrett, Lisa Orloff Clark, Matthew S. Leifer, Robert Spekkens, Nicholas Stepanik, Alex Wilce, Robin Wilke 2010 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

Entropy And Information Causality In General Probabilistic Theories, Howard Barnum, Jonathan Barrett, Lisa Orloff Clark, Matthew S. Leifer, Robert Spekkens, Nicholas Stepanik, Alex Wilce, Robin Wilke

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

We investigate the concept of entropy in probabilistic theories more general than quantum mechanics, with particular reference to the notion of information causality (IC) recently proposed by Pawlowski et al (2009 arXiv:0905.2292). We consider two entropic quantities, which we term measurement and mixing entropy. In the context of classical and quantum theory, these coincide, being given by the Shannon and von Neumann entropies, respectively; in general, however, they are very different. In particular, while measurement entropy is easily seen to be concave, mixing entropy need not be. In fact, as we show, mixing entropy is not concave whenever ...


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