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Velocity–Space Drag And Diffusion In A Model, Two-Dimensional Plasma, Mark Anthony Reynolds, B.D. Fried, G.J. Morales 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Velocity–Space Drag And Diffusion In A Model, Two-Dimensional Plasma, Mark Anthony Reynolds, B.D. Fried, G.J. Morales

M. Anthony Reynolds

The quasilinear fluctuation integral is calculated for a two-dimensional, unmagnetized plasma ~composed of charged rods!, and is expressed in terms of Fokker–Planck coefficients. It is found that in two dimensions, the enhanced fluctuations generated by fast electrons lead to anomalously large transport coefficients. In particular, the effect of a small population of fast electrons is only weakly dependent on their density. In three dimensions, the effect of fast electrons is masked by the dominant approximation, but higher-order terms describe processes similar to those in two dimensions, and these terms can become significant for weakly stable plasmas. The differences between ...


Ion Bernstein Waves Driven By Two Transverse Flow Layers, Mark Anthony Reynolds, G. Ganguli 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeroautical University - Daytona Beach

Ion Bernstein Waves Driven By Two Transverse Flow Layers, Mark Anthony Reynolds, G. Ganguli

M. Anthony Reynolds

The interaction between two narrow layers of E3B flow is investigated, along with their stability properties. The mode frequencies, growth rates, and eigenfunctions are calculated. It is found that the instability due to a single layer is robust to the inclusion of a second layer. Specifically, when the separation between the layers is on the order of the ion-cyclotron radius, there is strong coupling between the two layers and the second layer is destabilizing. In addition, when the flow velocities are in opposite directions a wide variety of modes is possible, including near-zero-frequency modes, resulting in broadband structure in both ...


High-Frequency Fluctuations Of A Modulated, Helical Electron Beam, Mark Anthony Reynolds 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

High-Frequency Fluctuations Of A Modulated, Helical Electron Beam, Mark Anthony Reynolds

M. Anthony Reynolds

The high-frequency electromagnetic field generated by a density-modulated, helical electron beam propagating in a magnetized plasma is calculated. The magnetic fluctuations are found to exhibit spatially localized ~evanescent! resonances at harmonics of the electron-cyclotron frequency, whose width is determined by the pitch angle of the beam, and whose existence is a consequence of the helical geometry. In addition, electrostatic modes are radiated near the hybrid frequencies, and electromagnetic modes are radiated above the upper-hybrid frequency. The predicted frequency spectrum and mode structure in configuration space are in good agreement with experimental observations of discrete emission lines at the electron-cyclotron harmonics.


Multi-Color Γ-Rays From Comb-Like Electron Beams Driven By Incoherent Stacks Of Laser Pulses, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick 2017 CEA, DAM DIF

Multi-Color Γ-Rays From Comb-Like Electron Beams Driven By Incoherent Stacks Of Laser Pulses, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Trains of fs-length, GeV-scale electron bunches with controlled energy spacing and a 5-D brightness up to
10^17 A/m^2 may be produced in a mm-scale uniform plasma. The main element of the scheme is an incoherent stack of 10-TW-scale laser pulses of different colors, with mismatched focal spots, with the highest-frequency pulse advanced in time. While driving an electron density bubble, this stack remains almost proof against nonlinear red-shift and self-compression. As a consequence, the unwanted continuous injection of background electrons is minimized. Weak focusing of the trailing (lower-frequency) component of the stack enforces expansions and contractions of ...


The Impact Of Base Stacking On The Conformations And Electrostatics Of Single-Stranded Dna, Alex Plumridge, Steve P. Meisburger, Kurt Andresen, Lois Pollack 2017 Cornell University

The Impact Of Base Stacking On The Conformations And Electrostatics Of Single-Stranded Dna, Alex Plumridge, Steve P. Meisburger, Kurt Andresen, Lois Pollack

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) is notable for its interactions with ssDNA binding proteins (SSBs) during fundamentally important biological processes including DNA repair and replication. Previous work has begun to characterize the conformational and electrostatic properties of ssDNA in association with SSBs. However, the conformational distributions of free ssDNA have been difficult to determine. To capture the vast array of ssDNA conformations in solution, we pair small angle X-ray scattering with novel ensemble fitting methods, obtaining key parameters such as the size, shape and stacking character of strands with different sequences. Complementary ion counting measurements using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy ...


Laser Shock Wave Assisted Patterning On Niti Shape Memory Alloy Surfaces, Dovletgeldi Seyitliyev, Peizhen Li, Khomidkhodza Kholikov, Byron Grant, Haluk E. Karaca, Ali O. Er 2017 Western Kentucky University

Laser Shock Wave Assisted Patterning On Niti Shape Memory Alloy Surfaces, Dovletgeldi Seyitliyev, Peizhen Li, Khomidkhodza Kholikov, Byron Grant, Haluk E. Karaca, Ali O. Er

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

An advanced direct imprinting method with low cost, quick, and less environmental impact to create thermally controllable surface pattern using the laser pulses is reported. Patterned micro indents were generated on Ni50Ti50 shape memory alloys (SMA) using an Nd:YAG laser operating at 1064 nm combined with suitable transparent overlay, a sacrificial layer of graphite, and copper grid. Laser pulses at different energy densities which generates pressure pulses up to 10 GPa on the surface was focused through the confinement medium, ablating the copper grid to create plasma and transferring the grid pattern onto the NiTi surface ...


Recoverable Stress Induced Two-Way Shape Memory Effect On Niti Surface Using Laser-Produced Shock Wave, Dovletgeldi Seyitliyev, Peizhen Li, Khomidkhodza Kholikov, Byron Grant, Zachary Thomas, Orhan Alal, Haluk E. Karaca, Ali O. Er 2017 Western Kentucky University

Recoverable Stress Induced Two-Way Shape Memory Effect On Niti Surface Using Laser-Produced Shock Wave, Dovletgeldi Seyitliyev, Peizhen Li, Khomidkhodza Kholikov, Byron Grant, Zachary Thomas, Orhan Alal, Haluk E. Karaca, Ali O. Er

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

The surfaces of Ni50Ti50 shape memory alloys (SMAs) were patterned by laser scribing. This method is more simplistic and efficient than traditional indentation techniques, and has also shown to be an effective method in patterning these materials. Different laser energy densities ranging from 5 mJ/pulse to 56 mJ/pulse were used to observe recovery on SMA surface. The temperature dependent heat profiles of the NiTi surfaces after laser scribing at 56 mJ/pulse show the partially-recovered indents, which indicate a "shape memory effect (SME)" Experimental data is in good agreement with theoretical simulation of laser induced shock wave propagation ...


Cross-Scale Energy Transport And Kinetic Wave Properties Associated With Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability, Thomas W. Moore 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Cross-Scale Energy Transport And Kinetic Wave Properties Associated With Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability, Thomas W. Moore

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

In the Earth’s magnetosphere, the magnetotail plasma sheet ions are much hotter than in the shocked solar wind. On the dawn-sector, the cold-component ions are more abundant and hotter by 30-40 percent when compared to the dusk sector. Recent statistical studies of the flank magnetopause and magnetosheath have shown that the level of temperature asymmetry of the magnetosheath is unable to account for this (Dimmock et al., 2015), so additional physical mechanisms must be at play, either at the magnetopause or plasma sheet, that contribute to this asymmetry. This thesis focuses on ion heating across the magnetopause boundary separating ...


Plasma Striations In Vacuum Chambers, Loren Hamilton Jackson 2017 Bard College

Plasma Striations In Vacuum Chambers, Loren Hamilton Jackson

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Plasma, often referred to as the fourth state of matter, is ionized gas consisting of positive ions and free electrons. Specifically, a glow discharge is a glowing plasma formed by a voltage across a low pressure gas. The area of the glow discharge of interest in this study is the positive column, a relatively long column of pink, glowing plasma, and its bright and dark striated patterns.

The striated positive column resembles pattern phenomena caused by standing pressure waves. These pressure wave patterns are due to the length of the tube in which they are contained. However, in past plasma ...


Orbital Stability Results For Soliton Solutions To Nonlinear Schrödinger Equations With External Potentials, Joseph B. Lindgren 2017 University of Kentucky

Orbital Stability Results For Soliton Solutions To Nonlinear Schrödinger Equations With External Potentials, Joseph B. Lindgren

Theses and Dissertations--Mathematics

For certain nonlinear Schroedinger equations there exist solutions which are called solitary waves. Addition of a potential $V$ changes the dynamics, but for small enough $||V||_{L^\infty}$ we can still obtain stability (and approximately Newtonian motion of the solitary wave's center of mass) for soliton-like solutions up to a finite time that depends on the size and scale of the potential $V$. Our method is an adaptation of the well-known Lyapunov method.

For the sake of completeness, we also prove long-time stability of traveling solitons in the case $V=0$.


Fast Multipole Method Using Cartesian Tensor In Beam Dynamic Simulation, He Zhang, He Huang, Rui Li, Jie Chen, Li-Shi Luo 2017 Old Dominion University

Fast Multipole Method Using Cartesian Tensor In Beam Dynamic Simulation, He Zhang, He Huang, Rui Li, Jie Chen, Li-Shi Luo

Mathematics & Statistics Faculty Publications

The fast multipole method (FMM) using traceless totally symmetric Cartesian tensor to calculate the Coulomb interaction between charged particles will be presented. The Cartesian tensor based FMM can be generalized to treat other non-oscillating interactions with the help of the differential algebra or the truncated power series algebra. Issues on implementation of the FMM in beam dynamic simulations are also discussed. © 2017 Author(s).


Investigation Of Pyrolysis Gas Chemistry In An Inductively Coupled Plasma Facility, Corey Tillson 2017 University of Vermont

Investigation Of Pyrolysis Gas Chemistry In An Inductively Coupled Plasma Facility, Corey Tillson

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

The pyrolysis mechanics of Phenolic Impregnated Carbon Ablators (PICA) makes it a valued material for use in thermal protection systems for spacecraft atmospheric re-entry. The present study of the interaction of pyrolysis gases and char with plasma gases in the boundary layer over PICA and its substrate, FiberForm, extends previous work on this topic that has been done in the UVM 30 kW Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) Torch Facility. Exposure of these material samples separately to argon, nitrogen, oxygen, air, and carbon dioxide plasmas, and combinations of said test gases provides insight into the evolution of the pyrolysis gases as ...


Photon Beam Asymmetry Σ For Η And Η′ Photoproduction From The Proton, P. Collins, B. G. Ritchie, M. Dugger, A. V. Anisovich, M. Doring, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, D. Rönchen, D. Sadasivan, A. Sarantsev, M. J. Amaryan, A. Klein 2017 Old Dominion University

Photon Beam Asymmetry Σ For Η And Η′ Photoproduction From The Proton, P. Collins, B. G. Ritchie, M. Dugger, A. V. Anisovich, M. Doring, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, D. Rönchen, D. Sadasivan, A. Sarantsev, M. J. Amaryan, A. Klein

Physics Faculty Publications

Measurements of the linearly-polarized photon beam asymmetry Σ for photoproduction from the proton of η and η ′ mesons are reported. A linearly-polarized tagged photon beam produced by coherent bremsstrahlung was incident on a cryogenic hydrogen target within the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. Results are presented for the γ p → η p reaction for incident photon energies from 1.070 to 1.876 GeV, and from 1.516 to 1.836 GeV for the γ p → η ′ p reaction. For γ p → η p , the data reported here considerably extend the range of measurements to higher energies, and are consistent with ...


Differential Cross Section Measurements For Γn→Π-P Above The First Nucleon Resonance Region, P. T. Mattione, D. S. Carman, I. I. Strakovsky, R. L. Workman, A. E. Kudryavtsev, A. Svarc, V. E. Tarasov, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, G. Charles, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, Z. W. Zhao 2017 Old Dominion University

Differential Cross Section Measurements For Γn→Π-P Above The First Nucleon Resonance Region, P. T. Mattione, D. S. Carman, I. I. Strakovsky, R. L. Workman, A. E. Kudryavtsev, A. Svarc, V. E. Tarasov, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, G. Charles, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, Z. W. Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

The quasifree γdπ-p(p) differential cross section has been measured with CLAS at photon beam energies Eγ from 0.445 to 2.510 GeV (corresponding to W from 1.311 to 2.366 GeV) for pion center-of-mass angles cosθπc.m. from -0.72 to 0.92. A correction for final state interactions has been applied to these data to extract the γnπ-p differential cross sections. These cross sections are quoted in 8428 (Eγ,cosθπc.m.) bins, a factor of nearly 3 increase in the world statistics for this channel in this kinematic range. These ...


Photon Beam Asymmetry Σ In The Reaction →Γ P → Pω For Eγ = 1.152 To 1.876 Gev, P. Collins, B. G. Ritchie, M. Dugger, F. J. Klein, A. V. Anisovich, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, A. Sarantsev, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, G. Charles, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao 2017 Old Dominion University

Photon Beam Asymmetry Σ In The Reaction →Γ P → Pω For Eγ = 1.152 To 1.876 Gev, P. Collins, B. G. Ritchie, M. Dugger, F. J. Klein, A. V. Anisovich, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, A. Sarantsev, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, G. Charles, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

Photon beam asymmetry Σ measurements for ω photoproduction in the reaction γ → p → ω p are reported for photon energies from 1.152 to 1.876 GeV. Data were taken using a linearly-polarized tagged photon beam, a cryogenic hydrogen target, and the CLAS spectrometer in Hall B at Jefferson Lab. The measurements obtained markedly increase the size of the database for this observable, extend coverage to higher energies, and resolve discrepancies in previously published data. Comparisons of these new results with predictions from a chiral-quark-based model and from a dynamical coupled-channels model indicate the importance of interferences between t-channel meson ...


Measurement Of The Differential And Total Cross Sections Of The ᵧd→Kºʌ(P) Reaction Within The Resonance Region, N. Compton, C. E. Taylor, K. Hicks, P. Cole, N. Zachariou, Y. Ilieva, P. Nadel-Turonski, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, A. V. Sarantsev, C. E. Hyde, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, B. Torayev, J. Zhang 2017 Old Dominion University

Measurement Of The Differential And Total Cross Sections Of The ᵧd→Kºʌ(P) Reaction Within The Resonance Region, N. Compton, C. E. Taylor, K. Hicks, P. Cole, N. Zachariou, Y. Ilieva, P. Nadel-Turonski, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, A. V. Sarantsev, C. E. Hyde, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, B. Torayev, J. Zhang

Physics Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of differential and total cross sections for the γd →K0 Λ(p)reaction, using data from the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. Data collected during two separate experimental runs were studied with photon-energy coverage 0.8-3.6 GeV and 0.5-2.6 GeV, respectively. The two measurements are consistent giving confidence in the method and determination of systematic uncertainties. The cross sections are compared with predictions from the KAON-MAID theoretical model (without kaon exchange), which deviate from the data at higher W and at forward kaon angles. These data, along ...


Long-Term Simulations Of Beam-Beam Dynamics On Gpus, B. Terzić, K. Arumugam, R. Majeti, C. Cotnoir, M. Stefani, D. Ranjan, A. Godunov, V. Morozov, H. Zhang, F. Lin, Y. Roblin, E. Nissen, T. Satogata 2017 Old Dominion University

Long-Term Simulations Of Beam-Beam Dynamics On Gpus, B. Terzić, K. Arumugam, R. Majeti, C. Cotnoir, M. Stefani, D. Ranjan, A. Godunov, V. Morozov, H. Zhang, F. Lin, Y. Roblin, E. Nissen, T. Satogata

Physics Faculty Publications

Future machines such as the electron-ion colliders (JLEIC), linac-ring machines (eRHIC) or LHeC are particularly sensitive to beam-beam effects. This is the limiting factor for long-term stability and high luminosity reach. The complexity of the non-linear dynamics makes it challenging to perform such simulations which require millions of turns. Until recently, most of the methods used linear approximations and/or tracking for a limited number of turns. We have developed a framework which exploits a massively parallel Graphical Processing Units (GPU) architecture to allow for tracking millions of turns in a sympletic way up to an arbitrary order and colliding ...


Simulations Of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation On Parallel Hybrid Gpu/Cpu Platform, B. Terzić, K. Arumugam, D. Duffin, A. Godunov, T. Islam, D. Ranjan, S. Sangam, Mohammad Zubair 2017 Old Dominion University

Simulations Of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation On Parallel Hybrid Gpu/Cpu Platform, B. Terzić, K. Arumugam, D. Duffin, A. Godunov, T. Islam, D. Ranjan, S. Sangam, Mohammad Zubair

Physics Faculty Publications

Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) is an effect of self-interaction of an electron bunch as it traverses a curved path. It can cause a significant emittance degradation, as well as fragmentation and microbunching. Numerical simulations of the 2D/3D CSR effects have been extremely challenging due to computational bottlenecks associated with calculating retarded potentials via integrating over the history of the bunch. We present a new high-performance 2D, particle-in-cell code which uses massively parallel multicore GPU/GPU platforms to alleviate computational bottlenecks. The code formulates the CSR problem from first principles by using the retarded scalar and vector potentials to compute ...


High Average Brilliance Compact Inverse Compton Light Source, K. Deitrick, J. R. Delayen, G. A. Krafft 2017 Old Dominion University

High Average Brilliance Compact Inverse Compton Light Source, K. Deitrick, J. R. Delayen, G. A. Krafft

Physics Faculty Publications

There exists an increasing demand for compact Inverse Compton Light Sources (ICLS) capable of producing substantial fluxes of narrow-band X-rays. While multiple design proposals have been made, compared to typical bremsstrahlung sources, most of these have comparable fluxes and improve on the brilliance within a 0.1% bandwidth by only a few orders of magnitude. By applying cw superconducting rf beam acceleration and rf focusing to produce a beam of small emittance and magnetic focusing to produce a small spot size on the order of a few microns at collision, the source presented here provides a 12 keV X-ray beam ...


Effects Of Crab Cavity Multipoles On Jleic Ion Ring Dynamic Aperature, S. I. Sosa, V. S. Morozov, S. U. DeSilva, J. R. Delayen 2017 Old Dominion University

Effects Of Crab Cavity Multipoles On Jleic Ion Ring Dynamic Aperature, S. I. Sosa, V. S. Morozov, S. U. Desilva, J. R. Delayen

Physics Faculty Publications

We study the effects of crab cavity multipole fields on the beam dynamic aperture of the Jefferson Lab Electron-Ion Collider (JLEIC) ion ring. Crab cavities are needed to compensate for luminosity loss due to a 50 mrad crossing angle at the interaction point. New compact crab cavity designs are interesting as they do not require considerable space in the ring but their non-linear field needs to be well understood. In this contribution, we study the impact of field multipoles on the beam dynamic aperture and report tolerance values for crab cavity multipoles.


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