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Alternating Current Voltammetry At A Bipolar Electrode With Smartphone Luminescence Imaging For Point‐Of‐Need Sensing, Robbyn K. Anand, Kira L. Rahn, Tyler D. Rhoades 2020 Iowa State University

Alternating Current Voltammetry At A Bipolar Electrode With Smartphone Luminescence Imaging For Point‐Of‐Need Sensing, Robbyn K. Anand, Kira L. Rahn, Tyler D. Rhoades

Chemistry Publications

Bipolar electrochemistry allows for facile arraying of tens to thousands of electrochemical sensors that can be controlled by a single pair of driving electrodes. While bipolar electrodes (BPEs) have been applied to many sensing motifs, their sensitivity and specificity are limited by the lack of diversity in voltammetric methods that have been developed for these wireless electrodes. In this study, electrochemiluminescence (ECL) from the co‐oxidation of Ru(bpy) 3 2+ and tripropylamine (TPA) is evaluated as a reporting reaction for alternating current voltammetry (ACV) on a BPE at frequencies of 1.0 Hz and 5.0 Hz. We observe ...


The Use Of A Modified Hess’ Cognitive Rigor Matrix To Assess Students’ Depth Of Knowledge In Key Concepts Of Gas Stoichiometry And Chemical Equilibrium, Maria Greene 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Use Of A Modified Hess’ Cognitive Rigor Matrix To Assess Students’ Depth Of Knowledge In Key Concepts Of Gas Stoichiometry And Chemical Equilibrium, Maria Greene

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The research presented as part of this dissertation is a combination of two separate studies conducted to assess and evaluate undergraduate general chemistry students’ understanding and depth of knowledge (DOK) of concepts in gas stoichiometry and chemical equilibrium. The two separate studies were conducted using a modified Hess Cognitive Rigor Matrix (CRM) to analyze students’ responses to multiple-choice questions (MCQ) and their written rationales to their answer choices. The Hess Cognitive Rigor Matrix, which is an incorporation and coordination of both Bloom’s and Webb’s DOK taxonomies, allowed the facilitation of the opportunity to code students’ written responses across ...


Resolving The Puzzle Of Single-Atom Silver Dispersion On Nanosized Γ-Al2o3 Surface For High Catalytic Performance, Fei Wang, Jinzhu Ma, Shaohui Xin, Qiang Wang, Jun Xu, Changbin Zhang, Hong He, Xiao Cheng Zeng 2020 Chinese Academy of Sciences

Resolving The Puzzle Of Single-Atom Silver Dispersion On Nanosized Γ-Al2o3 Surface For High Catalytic Performance, Fei Wang, Jinzhu Ma, Shaohui Xin, Qiang Wang, Jun Xu, Changbin Zhang, Hong He, Xiao Cheng Zeng

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Ag/γ-Al2O3 is widely used for catalyzing various reactions, and its performance depends on the valence state, morphology and dispersion of Ag species. However, detailed anchoring mechanism of Ag species on γ-Al2O3 remains largely unknown. Herein, we reveal that the terminal hydroxyls on γ-Al2O3 are responsible for anchoring Ag species. The abundant terminal hydroxyls existed on nanosized γ-Al2O3 can lead to single-atom silver dispersion, thereby resulting in markedly enhanced performance than the Ag cluster on microsized γ-Al2O3. Density-functional-theory calculations confirm that Ag atom is mainly anchored by the terminal hydroxyls on (100) surface, forming a staple-like local structure with each ...


Determination Of The Free Energies Of Mixing Of Organic Solutions Through A Combined Molecular Dynamics And Bayesian Statistics Approach, Shi Li, Balaji Sesha Sarath Pokuri, Sean Ryno, Asare Nkansah, Camron De’vine, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Chad Risko 2020 University of Kentucky

Determination Of The Free Energies Of Mixing Of Organic Solutions Through A Combined Molecular Dynamics And Bayesian Statistics Approach, Shi Li, Balaji Sesha Sarath Pokuri, Sean Ryno, Asare Nkansah, Camron De’Vine, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Chad Risko

Mechanical Engineering Publications

As new generations of thin-film semiconductors are moving towards solution-based processing, the development of printing formulations will require information pertaining to the free energies of mixing of complex mixtures. From the standpoint of in silico materials design, this move necessitates the development of methods that can accurately and quickly evaluate these formulations in order to maximize processing speed and reproducibility. Here, we make use of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations in combination with the two-phase thermodynamic (2PT) model to explore the free energy of mixing surfaces for a series of halogenated solvents and high boiling point solvent additives used in the ...


Methods Of Making And Using Lignin Derivatives, Mark Alan Helle, Chin Li Cheung 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Methods Of Making And Using Lignin Derivatives, Mark Alan Helle, Chin Li Cheung

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Materials and methods for preparing reactive lignin and for preparing a bio-based adhesive are described herein.

This disclosure generally relates to methods of making and using reactive lignin. This disclosure also generally relates to methods of making and using bio-based adhesives. Lignin is the second most abundant natural polymer behind cellulose, yet lignin has very little commercial value despite years of research. Lignin is one of the major components of the cell wall in wood and other plant based materials such as hemp or crop wastes. It is produced in enormous quantities each year, primarily as a by-product in the ...


Majestic - Prappe Metals Data, Brian Majestic 2020 University of Denver

Majestic - Prappe Metals Data, Brian Majestic

Chemistry and Biochemistry: Data Sets

No abstract provided.


Advantages Of Chemistry, Jacob Green 2020 Livre de Lyon

Advantages Of Chemistry, Jacob Green

Science and Mathematical Science

No one can be more fully persuaded than myself of the justice of the remark which I first heard from my distinguished colleague Professor Pattison, “ that no discourse prepared for a popular audience should ever be published.” There are, however, many reasons which often induce us to depart from a path, which our own prudence and judgment may have inclined us to follow. Whether the desire to comply with the unexpected request contained in the following letter, will be considered as a sufficient apology, for violating the above axiom, I must leave to those who have been placed in like ...


Chemistry Applied To The Arts, John William Mallet 2020 Livre de Lyon

Chemistry Applied To The Arts, John William Mallet

Science and Mathematical Science

It is naturally gratifying to me to find that the Class has been interested by the Lecture in question, the manuscript of which is at your disposal in accordance with your request.


First Step In Chemical Principles, Henry Leffmann 2020 Livre de Lyon

First Step In Chemical Principles, Henry Leffmann

Science and Mathematical Science

n experience of ten years in teaching both medical and general chemistry, privately and in classes, during which time I have instructed at least one thousand students, has convinced me that the science is very difficult to acquire, and taxes, as much as mathematical study, the powers of abstract reasoning. I have not sought to make this book a manual of experiment, or practice. Such works are abundant. For medical students, the treatise of Attfield is all-sufficient; for general instruction, that of Eliot and Storer, by far the most philosophical “chemistry” in our language, or the larger work of Bloxam ...


Synthesis And Evaluation Of Nebraska Red Derivatives For Protein Labeling Studies, Lauren Lesiak 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Synthesis And Evaluation Of Nebraska Red Derivatives For Protein Labeling Studies, Lauren Lesiak

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play a vital role in cell signaling, and imaging the internalization of these proteins will allow for better understand of protein trafficking within the cell, as well as identification of potential drug targets. However, there is a need for further development of fluorescent protein labels that are able to effectively monitor GPCR internalization in the near-infrared (NIR) range. We recently described a series of NIR fluorophores in which a phosphinate functionality is inserted at the bridging position of the xanthene scaffold, called the Nebraska Red (NR) dye series. These dyes are attractive reagents for the imaging ...


Instrument And Application Development In Saturation Recovery And Rapid Scan Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, Joseph E. McPeak 2020 University of Denver

Instrument And Application Development In Saturation Recovery And Rapid Scan Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, Joseph E. Mcpeak

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Enhanced signal sensitivity by the use of Rapid Scan (RS) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), a technique that allows for much faster magnetic field scans than traditional field-swept techniques, has facilitated improved data acquisition for many types of samples. For example, irradiated fingernails for radiation dosimetry have been studied using RS-EPR, which resulted in substantial decreases in detection limits. Samarium-mediated reduction mechanisms in organic synthesis have been investigated by RS-EPR providing evidence for a radical intermediate. Spectra of organic radicals exhibiting both narrow lines and closely spaced hyperfine interactions have been recorded via RS-EPR. Well-resolved spectra can be recorded at a ...


Synthesis Of Unsymmetrical Bidentate Ligands From Secondary Phosphine Oxides, Malachy J. Brink, Ryan Anderson 2020 University of Minnesota - Morris

Synthesis Of Unsymmetrical Bidentate Ligands From Secondary Phosphine Oxides, Malachy J. Brink, Ryan Anderson

Student Research, Papers, and Creative Works

Stereochemistry is a key component in the field of asymmetric catalysis. The properties of a molecule can be drastically changed with the change of one stereocenter. Typically, chirality is imparted to a metal by the ligand. "Chiral-at-metal" compounds are unique because the metal complex is chiral, but the ligands are not. Phosphine ligands are notoriously difficult to work with (pyrophoric, toxic, prone to oxidation). The goal of this research was to prepare unsymmetrical bidentate ligands using secondary phosphine oxides, which are air-stable and easy to handle on the benchtop.


Improving The Value Of The Coconut With Biotechnology, Fabian M. Dayrit, Quang Nguyen 2020 Ateneo de Manila University

Improving The Value Of The Coconut With Biotechnology, Fabian M. Dayrit, Quang Nguyen

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The fruit of the coconut tree is perhaps the most useful plant resource in the tropics. All parts of the coconut fruit have traditional uses that have been developed commercially in recent times (Foale 2003, Dayrit and Dayrit 2013). Due to its widespread household use, trade and industry statistics on coconut products reflect only part of the actual importance of the coconut. Today, coconut-based products have gone beyond the tropics and are consumed in many temperate countries and global regions such as Australia, China, Europe, North America, and the Middle East (Costello 2018). Coconut milk is the basic ingredient of ...


The Role Of Influenza Infection On Cell Metabolism, Megha Mokkapati 2020 The University of Akron

The Role Of Influenza Infection On Cell Metabolism, Megha Mokkapati

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

In this particular study global metabolomics LCMS data was analyzed to determine the effect of influenza infection on host metabolic processes. Specifically, wild-type male and female mouse lung samples from mice infected with PR8 (H1N1) or both PR8 and a reinfection of X31 (H3N2) were analyzed. The LC/MS(liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry) based global metabolomics will be performed on the samples using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography to separate polar analytes from the tissues (Dettmer, Aronov, 2007). Metabolites impacted by influenza infection in all samples will be analyzed to compare male and female mice, as well as differences between PR8 infection ...


Carbon Oxidation State In Microbial Polar Lipids Suggests Adaptation To Hot Spring Temperature And Redox Gradients, Grayson M. Boyer, Florence Schubotz, Roger E. Summons, Jade Woods, Everett L. Shock 2020 Arizona State University

Carbon Oxidation State In Microbial Polar Lipids Suggests Adaptation To Hot Spring Temperature And Redox Gradients, Grayson M. Boyer, Florence Schubotz, Roger E. Summons, Jade Woods, Everett L. Shock

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The influence of oxidation-reduction (redox) potential on the expression of biomolecules is a topic of ongoing exploration in geobiology. In this study, we investigate the novel possibility that structures and compositions of lipids produced by microbial communities are sensitive to environmental redox conditions. We extracted lipids from microbial biomass collected along the thermal and redox gradients of four alkaline hot springs in Yellowstone National Park (YNP) and investigated patterns in the average oxidation state of carbon (ZC), a metric calculated from the chemical formulae of lipid structures. Carbon in intact polar lipids (IPLs) and their alkyl chains becomes more ...


Surface Modification Of Silicon Nanowire Based Field Effect Transistors With Stimuli Responsive Polymer Brushes For Biosensing Applications, Stephanie Klinghammer, Sebastian Rauch, Sebastian Pregl, Petra Uhlmann, Larysa Baraban, Gianaurelio Cuniberti 2020 Institute for Materials Science and Max Bergmann Center of Biomaterials

Surface Modification Of Silicon Nanowire Based Field Effect Transistors With Stimuli Responsive Polymer Brushes For Biosensing Applications, Stephanie Klinghammer, Sebastian Rauch, Sebastian Pregl, Petra Uhlmann, Larysa Baraban, Gianaurelio Cuniberti

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

We demonstrate the functionalization of silicon nanowire based field effect transistors (SiNW FETs) FETs with stimuli-responsive polymer brushes of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAM) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA). Surface functionalization was confirmed by atomic force microscopy, contact angle measurements, and verified electrically using a silicon nanowire based field effect transistor sensor device. For thermo-responsive PNIPAAM, the physicochemical properties (i.e., a reversible phase transition, wettability) were induced by crossing the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of about 32 ◦C. Taking advantage of this property, osteosarcomic SaoS-2 cells were cultured on PNIPAAM-modified sensors at temperatures above the LCST, and completely detached by ...


Methods Ofmaking And Using Lignin Derivatives, Mark Alan Helle, Chin Li Cheung 2020 Lincoln, NE

Methods Ofmaking And Using Lignin Derivatives, Mark Alan Helle, Chin Li Cheung

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Materials and methods for preparing reactive lignin and for preparing a bio-based adhesive are described herein.


Nanotoxicity Of Zrs3 Probed In A Bioluminescence Test On E. Coli Bacteria: The Effect Of Evolving H2s, Olga Zakharova, Alexander Gusev, Jehad Abourahma, Nataliia S. Vorobeva, Dmitry V. Sokolov, Dmitry S. Muratov, Denis V. Kuznetsov, Alexander Sinitskii 2020 Derzhavin Tambov State University & National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”

Nanotoxicity Of Zrs3 Probed In A Bioluminescence Test On E. Coli Bacteria: The Effect Of Evolving H2s, Olga Zakharova, Alexander Gusev, Jehad Abourahma, Nataliia S. Vorobeva, Dmitry V. Sokolov, Dmitry S. Muratov, Denis V. Kuznetsov, Alexander Sinitskii

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Materials from a large family of transition metal trichalcogenides (TMTCs) attract considerable attention because of their potential applications in electronics, optoelectronics and energy storage, but information on their toxicity is lacking. In this study, we investigated the toxicity of ZrS3, a prominent TMTC material, toward photoluminescent E. coli bacteria in a bioluminescence test. We found that freshly prepared ZrS3 suspensions in physiological saline solution with concentrations as high as 1 g/L did not exhibit any toxic effects on the bacteria. However, ZrS3 suspensions that were stored for 24 h prior to the bioluminescence tests were very toxic to the ...


Rapid And Accurate Determination Of Atomistic Rna Dynamic Ensemble Models Using Nmr And Structure Prediction, Honglue Shi, Atul Rangadurai, Hala Abou Assi, Rohit Roy, David A. Case, Daniel Herschlag, Joseph D. Yesselman, Hashim M. Al-Hashimi 2020 Duke University, Durham & Duke University School of Medicine, Durham

Rapid And Accurate Determination Of Atomistic Rna Dynamic Ensemble Models Using Nmr And Structure Prediction, Honglue Shi, Atul Rangadurai, Hala Abou Assi, Rohit Roy, David A. Case, Daniel Herschlag, Joseph D. Yesselman, Hashim M. Al-Hashimi

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Biomolecules form dynamic ensembles of many inter-converting conformations which are key for understanding how they fold and function. However, determining ensembles is challenging because the information required to specify atomic structures for thousands of conformations far exceeds that of experimental measurements. We addressed this data gap and dramatically simplified and accelerated RNA ensemble determination by using structure prediction tools that leverage the growing database of RNA structures to generate a con- formation library. Refinement of this library with NMR residual dipolar couplings provided an atomistic ensemble model for HIV-1 TAR, and the model accuracy was independently sup- ported by comparisons ...


Metabolic Changes Associated With Adaptive Resistance To Daptomycin In Streptococcus Mitis-Oralis, Allison Parrett, Joseph M. Reed, Stewart G. Gardner, Nagendra N. Mishra, Arnold S. Bayer, Robert Powers, Greg A. Somerville 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Metabolic Changes Associated With Adaptive Resistance To Daptomycin In Streptococcus Mitis-Oralis, Allison Parrett, Joseph M. Reed, Stewart G. Gardner, Nagendra N. Mishra, Arnold S. Bayer, Robert Powers, Greg A. Somerville

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Background: Viridans group streptococci of the Streptococcus mitis-oralis subgroup are important endovascular pathogens. They can rapidly develop high-level and durable non-susceptibility to daptomycin both in vitro and in vivo upon exposure to daptomycin. Two consistent genetic adaptations associated with this phenotype (i.e., mutations in cdsA and pgsA) lead to the depletion of the phospholipids, phosphatidylglycerol and cardiolipin, from the bacterial membrane. Such alterations in phospholipid biosynthesis will modify carbon flow and change the bacterial metabolic status. To determine the metabolic differences between daptomycin-susceptible and non- susceptible bacteria, the physiology and metabolomes of S. mitis-oralis strains 351 (daptomycin-susceptible) and 351-D10 ...


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