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Translating Chemistry, Structure, And Processing To The Solid-State Morphology And Function Of Organic Semiconductors Through Computational Modeling And Simulations, Chamikara D. Karunasena 2023 University of Kentucky

Translating Chemistry, Structure, And Processing To The Solid-State Morphology And Function Of Organic Semiconductors Through Computational Modeling And Simulations, Chamikara D. Karunasena

Theses and Dissertations--Chemistry

The immense synthetic design space and material versatility have driven the exploration and development of organic semiconductors (OSC) over several decades. While many OSC designs focus on the chemistries of the molecular or polymer building blocks, a priori, multiscale control over the solid-state morphology is required for effective application of the active layer in a given technology. However, molecular assembly during solid-state formation is a complex function interconnecting the building block chemistry and the processing environment. Insufficient knowledge as to how these aspects engage, especially at the atomistic and molecular scales, has so far limited the ability to predict …


Hydrogen Bonding In Small Model Peptides; The Dft And Mp2 Study, Gracie Smith, Martina Kaledin 2022 Kennesaw State University

Hydrogen Bonding In Small Model Peptides; The Dft And Mp2 Study, Gracie Smith, Martina Kaledin

Symposium of Student Scholars

Formamide is a small model compound for the study of the peptide bond. The peptide bond links amino acids together, specifies rigidity to the protein backbone, and includes the essential docking sites for hydrogen-bond-mediated protein folding and protein aggregation, namely, the C=O acceptor and the N-H donor parts. Therefore, the infrared C=O (amide-I) and N-H (amide-A) vibrations provide sensitive and widely used probes into the structure of peptides. This computational chemistry work, we study hydrogen bonds in formamide dimer isomers. We evaluate the accuracy of the density functional theory (DFT) and many-body perturbation theory to the 2nd order (MP2) …


Transition Metal Computational Catalysis: Mechanistic Approaches And Development Of Novel Performance Metrics, Brett Anthony Smith 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Transition Metal Computational Catalysis: Mechanistic Approaches And Development Of Novel Performance Metrics, Brett Anthony Smith

Doctoral Dissertations

Computational catalysis is an ever-growing field, thanks in part to the incredible progression of computational power and the efficiency offered by our current methodologies. Additionally, the accuracy of computation and the emergence of new methods that can decompose energetics and sterics into quantitative descriptors has allowed for researchers to begin to identify important structure-function relationships that predict the properties of unexplored subspaces within the overall chemical space. Catalytic descriptors have been used frequently in data driven high-throughput computational screenings. With the use of machine learning, a large portion of the chemical space an be predicted in matter of minutes or …


Biomimetic Modifications Of A Feni Hydrogenase Bridging Cys Residue Ligand, Madeline Kesner, Meghan McGreal 2022 University of North Carolina at Asheville

Biomimetic Modifications Of A Feni Hydrogenase Bridging Cys Residue Ligand, Madeline Kesner, Meghan Mcgreal

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Investigating The Mechanism Of Protein And Peptide Electrospray Ionization, Elnaz Aliyari 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Investigating The Mechanism Of Protein And Peptide Electrospray Ionization, Elnaz Aliyari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS) is widely used for the detection and characterization of various analytes. However, many fundamental aspects of the ESI process remain poorly understood. Using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, MS, and ion mobility spectrometry (IMS), this thesis sheds light on the mechanisms whereby gaseous analyte ions are formed from highly charged ESI nanodroplets. After a general introduction (Chapter 1), Chapter 2 focuses on the ion evaporation mechanism (IEM), i.e., the ejection of analyte ions from the droplet surface. The IEM is well established for low MW compounds, but it has remained contentious whether this pathway is …


Probing Mechanisms Of Binding And Allostery In The Sars-Cov-2 Spike Omicron Variant Complexes With The Host Receptor: Revealing Functional Roles Of The Binding Hotspots In Mediating Epistatic Effects And Communication With Allosteric Pockets, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Ryan Kassab, Keerthi Krishnan 2022 Chapman University

Probing Mechanisms Of Binding And Allostery In The Sars-Cov-2 Spike Omicron Variant Complexes With The Host Receptor: Revealing Functional Roles Of The Binding Hotspots In Mediating Epistatic Effects And Communication With Allosteric Pockets, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Ryan Kassab, Keerthi Krishnan

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

In this study, we performed all-atom MD simulations of RBD–ACE2 complexes for BA.1, BA.1.1, BA.2, and BA.3 Omicron subvariants, conducted a systematic mutational scanning of the RBD–ACE2 binding interfaces and analysis of electrostatic effects. The binding free energy computations of the Omicron RBD–ACE2 complexes and comprehensive examination of the electrostatic interactions quantify the driving forces of binding and provide new insights into energetic mechanisms underlying evolutionary differences between Omicron variants. A systematic mutational scanning of the RBD residues determines the protein stability centers and binding energy hotpots in the Omicron RBD–ACE2 complexes. By employing the ensemble-based global network analysis, we …


Interpretable Machine Learning Models For Molecular Design Of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Using Variational Autoencoders And Perturbation-Based Approach Of Chemical Space Exploration, Keerthi Krishnan, Ryan Kassab, Steve Agajanian, Gennady M. Verkhivker 2022 Chapman University

Interpretable Machine Learning Models For Molecular Design Of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Using Variational Autoencoders And Perturbation-Based Approach Of Chemical Space Exploration, Keerthi Krishnan, Ryan Kassab, Steve Agajanian, Gennady M. Verkhivker

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

In the current study, we introduce an integrative machine learning strategy for the autonomous molecular design of protein kinase inhibitors using variational autoencoders and a novel cluster-based perturbation approach for exploration of the chemical latent space. The proposed strategy combines autoencoder-based embedding of small molecules with a cluster-based perturbation approach for efficient navigation of the latent space and a feature-based kinase inhibition likelihood classifier that guides optimization of the molecular properties and targeted molecular design. In the proposed generative approach, molecules sharing similar structures tend to cluster in the latent space, and interpolating between two molecules in the latent space …


In Silico Evaluation Of The Antimalarial Potential Of The Phytoconstituents Of The Azadirachta Indica Plant, Areh E.T., Atolani O., Kambizi L 2022 Department of Chemistry, Confluence University of Science and Technology, P.M.B. 1040, Osara, Kogi State, Nigeria

In Silico Evaluation Of The Antimalarial Potential Of The Phytoconstituents Of The Azadirachta Indica Plant, Areh E.T., Atolani O., Kambizi L

Al-Bahir Journal for Engineering and Pure Sciences

Background and Objectives: Malaria, a parasitic protozoan disease caused primarily by Plasmodium falciparum, has killed millions of people in Africa, particularly those with meager or no access to orthodox medical facilities and therapies. Extracts from the Azadirachta indica (neem) plant is believed to possess antimalaria properties among the locals that rely on herbs. Numerous in - vivo studies have suggested the antimalarial properties of neem extract and phytochemicals. This study employs an in - silico method through molecular docking techniques to provide insight while adding credence to the antimalarial potential of phytochemicals of neem plants as claimed …


Comparing Computational Methods By Stretching Diatomic Molecules, AARON MITCHELL 2022 Western University

Comparing Computational Methods By Stretching Diatomic Molecules, Aaron Mitchell

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

A comparison of functionals was done by comparing full electron density profiles along the bond axis of H2 and N2. Additionally, based on the success of the (HF)-DFT method, the goal of this project was to compare the mRKS method to (HF)-DFT.


Understanding Dynamics Of Polymers Under Confinement: A Molecular Dynamics And Neutron Scattering Study, Supun Samindra Kamkanam Mohottalalage 2022 Clemson University

Understanding Dynamics Of Polymers Under Confinement: A Molecular Dynamics And Neutron Scattering Study, Supun Samindra Kamkanam Mohottalalage

All Dissertations

The current study probes the structure, dynamics, and rheological behavior of associating polymers including ionomers in melts and solutions as well as conjugated polymers confined into nanoparticles, using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and neutron scattering techniques. The study focuses on two families of associative polymers, ion containing macromolecules and conjugated polymers.

Polymers that consist of ionizable groups along their backbone found uses in a broad range of applications. Examples include light weight energy storage and generation systems, and biomedical applications, where the polymers act as ion exchange membranes, and actuators. The ionic groups tend to form clusters that are in …


Open-Source Workflows For Reproducible Molecular Simulation, Jenny W. Fothergill 2022 Boise State University

Open-Source Workflows For Reproducible Molecular Simulation, Jenny W. Fothergill

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

We apply molecular simulation to predict the equilibrium structure of organic molecular aggregates and how these structures determine material properties, with a focus on software engineering practices for ensuring correctness. Because simulations are implemented in software, there is potential for authentic scientific reproducibility in such work: An entire experimental apparatus (codebase) can be given to another investigator who should be able to use the same processes to find the same answers. Yet in practice, there are many barriers which stand in the way of reproducible molecular simulations that we address through automation, generalization, and software packaging. Collaboration on and application …


State-Based Biological Communication, Nathan Clement 2022 Clemson University

State-Based Biological Communication, Nathan Clement

All Theses

Allostery (1) is the process through which proteins self-regulate in response to various stimuli. Allosteric interactions occur between nonadjacent spatially distant residues (1), and they are exhibited through the correlated motions (2) and momenta of participating residues. The location of allosteric sites in proteins can be determined experimentally but computational methods to predict the location of allosteric sites are being developed as well (2-4, 10). Experimental and computational methodologies for locating allosteric sites can be used to design specific targeted drug delivery (5-6, 19), but these methods have not yet …


Evaluation Of The Energetic Factors In Crystalline Pharmaceuticals Using Solid-State Density Functional Theory And Low-Frequency Vibrational Spectroscopy, Margaret P. Davis 2022 Syracuse University

Evaluation Of The Energetic Factors In Crystalline Pharmaceuticals Using Solid-State Density Functional Theory And Low-Frequency Vibrational Spectroscopy, Margaret P. Davis

Dissertations - ALL

Due to the importance of maintaining stable and effective pharmaceutical solid doses, it is critical to study the variety of solid forms that active pharmaceutical ingredients can adopt including polymorphs, hydrates, and cocrystals. In this work, low-frequency vibrational spectroscopies and rigorous quantum mechanical simulations are combined to provide a new technique for characterizing and investigating pharmaceutically relevant polymorphs, hydrates, and cocrystals as well as a series of model cocrystals. Low-frequency spectra in the sub-200 cm-1 range provide not only unique and characteristic spectra for all of the systems explored here but, along with X-ray structural parameters, they offer a way …


Molecular Vibrations And Shape-Selectivity: A Computational Model Of Biofuel Precursors In Zeolites, Babgen Manookian 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Molecular Vibrations And Shape-Selectivity: A Computational Model Of Biofuel Precursors In Zeolites, Babgen Manookian

Doctoral Dissertations

We have used Density Functional Theory (DFT) to model acyclic and cyclic olefins in acidic zeolites. We have studied the impact of host-guest interactions between adsorbed molecules and zeolite frameworks through the lens of molecular vibrations and shape-selectivity. This work considered three zeolite frameworks with varying pore structures and environments: large pore zeolite HMOR and medium pore zeolites HZSM-5 and HZSM-22. A key finding is that for acyclic olefins in acidic zeolites there exists two regimes of host-guest interaction: a strong interaction leading to protonation and a weak interaction between charged guest and zeolite framework. We found that these interactions …


Computational Modelling Of Interfacial Properties Of Droplets, Victor Kwan 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Computational Modelling Of Interfacial Properties Of Droplets, Victor Kwan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Aqueous nanodroplets containing reactive species play an important role in atmospheric chemistry and technology. The presence of atmospheric aerosol particles and the chemical reactions that they host plays a critical role in climate, visibility in the atmosphere, quality of air, and health. Man-made aerosols find applications in ink-jet printing, electrospinning, electrospraying, and ionization methods used in mass spectrometry.

Despite their small size, these systems show complex chemical and physical behaviour because a significant portion of the system is occupied by a liquid-vapour interface. Interfaces are distinct regions that are characterized by large mass density gradients, shape fluctuations, the particular orientation …


Ab Initio Study Of The Rotation Of The C≡C Group In Benzvalyne, Advait Praveen 2022 University of Mississippi

Ab Initio Study Of The Rotation Of The C≡C Group In Benzvalyne, Advait Praveen

Honors Theses

For benzvalyne, we have characterized the minima and transition states of the molecule using the B3LYP, MP2, and M06-2X methods and aug-cc-pVTZ basis set. This was done by calculating the energy of the molecule while rotating the alkyne bond contained within it. After the initial rotation, optimized parameters for the molecule are found. Following this, imaginary frequencies were attempted to be found at the local maximum produced by the graph of the Energy v. rotation angle. Should the negative frequencies be found, the energy of the molecule will be characterized by the CCSD (T) method and aug-cc-pVQZ basis sets. This …


Nitro-Aromatic Polymers For Conversion-Style Battery Cathodic Materials, Brady P. Samuelson 2022 University of South Dakota

Nitro-Aromatic Polymers For Conversion-Style Battery Cathodic Materials, Brady P. Samuelson

Honors Thesis

The development of organic electrode materials in rechargeable batteries has seen a resurgence in recent decades. This spike in interest is mostly due to the increased investments in renewable energy sources, grid-scale energy storage, and the rapid transition to electric vehicles. Current lithium battery cathode materials typically use some form of lithium metal oxide (specific capacity: 272 mAh g-1 which has problems with limited capacity, thermal runaway, and an unreliable supply chain. Our research group’s solution involves investigating new lightweight, organic redox groups combined with a conductive polymer backbone to serve as a possible replacement for the cathode in …


Theoretical Studies Of Benzoquinone Reactivity In Acidic And Basic Environments, Natali Majoras 2022 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Theoretical Studies Of Benzoquinone Reactivity In Acidic And Basic Environments, Natali Majoras

Honors Theses

Quinones are a class of organic compounds containing a six-membered unsaturated ring with two carbonyl groups. They are biologically relevant mostly due to their ability to participate in redox reactions. Prior experiments in our lab showed that quinones can induce protein modifications that are pH dependent. In an acidic environment the modifications were less significant than in a basic environment. Previous computational studies have also been carried out to model, in neutral solutions, the reaction between various quinones and various amines. Various amine groups are used as a model for the amino group of lysine to represent protein modification. The …


Implications Of Metal Coordination In Damage And Recognition Of Nucleic Acids And Lipid Bilayers, Ana Dreab 2022 Old Dominion University

Implications Of Metal Coordination In Damage And Recognition Of Nucleic Acids And Lipid Bilayers, Ana Dreab

Chemistry & Biochemistry Theses & Dissertations

Metal ions have a myriad of biological functions from structural stability to enzymatic (de)activation and metabolic electron transfer. Redox-active metals also mediate the formation of reactive oxygen species which may either cause oxidative damage or protect cellular components. Computational modeling is used here to investigate the role of (1) metal-ion binding to antimicrobial peptides, (2) metal-ion removal and disulfide formation on zinc finger (ZF) proteins, and (3) coordination of thiones/selones for the prevention of metal-mediated redox damage.

Piscidins, natural-occurring antimicrobial peptides, efficiently kill bacteria by targeting their membranes. Their efficacy is enhanced in vitro by metal-binding and the presence of …


Understanding Interfacial Reactions Initiating On Electrode Materials For Energy Storage Technologies, Jingnan Li 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Understanding Interfacial Reactions Initiating On Electrode Materials For Energy Storage Technologies, Jingnan Li

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since the first generation of lithium-ion batteries featured lithium cobalt oxide cathode and carbon anode commercialized in the 1990s, the high-capacity materials with lower cost are in demand to further increase the battery energy density. Lithium metal and silicon anode are promising high-capacity anode materials to achieve next-generation lithium batteries. However, both the materials actively react in electrolytes and suffer from dramatic volume change. Therefore, a reliable passivation layer at the electrolyte/electrode interphase (i.e., solid electrolyte interphase, or “SEI”) is required to support the long-term cycling of both materials. Cetrimonium hydro fluoride (CTAHF2) has been proposed and synthesized as an …


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