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Galvanic Corrosion Of Carbon Steel-Stainless Steel Welds, Mi Li 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Galvanic Corrosion Of Carbon Steel-Stainless Steel Welds, Mi Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A water leak in one of the Canada Deuterium Uranium (CANDU) nuclear reactors could lead to galvanic corrosion between the materials of its supporting structures: carbon steel (CS) and stainless steel (SS). This project investigates the effects of physical and chemical solution parameters on the corrosion of galvanically coupled dissimilar CS-SS welds, with the aim of developing a corrosion dynamics model that can be used to assess the long-term integrity of the CANDU reactor structural materials with confidence. The studied parameters were solution pH, temperature, the presence or absence of γ-radiation and the cathode:anode surface area ratio. Multiple electrochemical ...


Nonlinear Dynamics Of Carbon Steel Corrosion Under Gamma Radiation, Youn Gyeong Shin 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Nonlinear Dynamics Of Carbon Steel Corrosion Under Gamma Radiation, Youn Gyeong Shin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Corrosion of materials is still an unresolved problem affecting a multitude of industries. One of the grand challenges facing the corrosion community is the development of high-fidelity models for corrosion in actual service environments. The difficulties arise since corrosion involves transfer of metal atoms between the solid and solution phases thus making the system non-adiabatic. Interfacial transfer of atoms increases the chance of establishing systemic feedback between chemical reactions and transport processes, which results in chemical oscillation and periodic patterns on the corroding surfaces. These oscillating behavior in electrochemical measurements and pattern formation on corroding surfaces have been reported in ...


Radiocarbon And Contextual Data For Non Nok Tha, Don Kok Pho And Don Pa Daeng, Khon Kaen Province, Northeast Thailand, Cyler N. Conrad, Eden Franz, Ernestene Green, Emily Lena Jones 2020 University of New Mexico

Radiocarbon And Contextual Data For Non Nok Tha, Don Kok Pho And Don Pa Daeng, Khon Kaen Province, Northeast Thailand, Cyler N. Conrad, Eden Franz, Ernestene Green, Emily Lena Jones

Anthropology Datasets

This compendium includes ten documents: 1) the "Buckley Letter" describing the radiocarbon analysis results for sample I-5324, 2) the "GaK-653" sheet describing the radiocarbon analysis results for sample GaK-653, 3) the "GaK-1026" sheet describing the radiocarbon analysis results for sample GaK-1026, 4) the "Geochron Letter" describing radiocarbon analysis results for sample GX-1612, 5) Ernestene Green's ca. 1965 field notes on her test excavations at Don Kok Pho (NP6), 6) Ernestene Green's ca. 1965 field notes on her test excavations at Non Nok Tha (NP7), 7) Ernestene Green's ca. 1965 field notes on her test excavations at Don ...


High-Speed Photographic Study Of Vaporclouds From Wet Droplets And The Subsequent Solid Particles In An Inductively Coupled Plasma, Christopher H. Ebert, Nathan J. Saetveit, Stanley J. Bajic, Daniel S. Zamzow, David P. Baldwin, Robert S. Houk 2020 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

High-Speed Photographic Study Of Vaporclouds From Wet Droplets And The Subsequent Solid Particles In An Inductively Coupled Plasma, Christopher H. Ebert, Nathan J. Saetveit, Stanley J. Bajic, Daniel S. Zamzow, David P. Baldwin, Robert S. Houk

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Movies of an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) while nebulizing a concentrated sample of yttrium were recorded using a high-speed camera with short exposure time (10 μs) and fast framing rate (5000 frames per s). Clouds from large droplets can be seen in several successive frames as they travel downstream in the axial channel of the ICP. These droplet clouds are superimposed on the usual spatial structure of red YO, neutral Y atom and blue Y+ emission. As a particular large droplet moves downstream, its red emission cloud evolves into a faint white streak with a surrounding cloud of blue Y ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Synthetic Urban Melt Glass, Rebecca Kristien Lowe 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Synthesis And Characterization Of Synthetic Urban Melt Glass, Rebecca Kristien Lowe

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Melt glass formed from the explosion of a nuclear device is a unique post-detonation material that can aid in the ensuing forensics investigation. Trapped in the melt glass are chemical and isotopic signatures that can provide diagnostic and source information about the weapon by comparison with documentation of previous detonations. A nuclear terrorist attack would likely take place in an urban environment and as such, the melt glass formed would consist of a complex matrix including urban materials like cement and glass, activation products from the large neutron flux that will be seen, and fission products from the detonation. The ...


An Assessment Of The Spatial Variation Of Isotopic Ratios In A Candu-6 Reactor For Nuclear Treaty Monitoring, Aaron W. Burkhardt 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

An Assessment Of The Spatial Variation Of Isotopic Ratios In A Candu-6 Reactor For Nuclear Treaty Monitoring, Aaron W. Burkhardt

Theses and Dissertations

The Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization developed the International Monitoring System for monitoring for nuclear explosive testing and compliance with nuclear treaties. Many of the International Monitoring System stations are capable of detecting radionuclides that can be used to determine their origin and creation environment. However, there is not a single unique signature associated with each creation environment. Nuclear reactors, for example, can have a wide range of isotopic concentrations caused by spatial variations in neutron flux intensity and energy. As a single sample only provides a single isotopic measurement, this can make disambiguation difficult ...


A Machine Learning Approach To Characterizing Particle Morphology In Nuclear Forensics, Daniel A. Gum 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

A Machine Learning Approach To Characterizing Particle Morphology In Nuclear Forensics, Daniel A. Gum

Theses and Dissertations

A machine learning approach is taken to characterizing a group of synthetic uranium bearing particles. SEM images of these lab-created particles were converted into a binary representation that captured morphological features in accordance with a guide established by Los Alamos National Laboratory. Each particle in the dataset contains an association with chemical creation conditions: processing method, precipitation temperature and pH, calcination temperature are most closely tied to particle morphology. Additionally, trained classifiers are able to relate final products between particles, implying that morphological features are shared between particles with similar composition.


Leveraging Antibodies For Positron Emission Tomography And Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging Of Cancer, Kimberly C. Fung 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Leveraging Antibodies For Positron Emission Tomography And Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging Of Cancer, Kimberly C. Fung

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The high specificity and affinity of antibodies make them attractive for developing drugs to diagnose and treat cancer. The overarching goal of this work is to explore the synthesis and use of antibody-based imaging agents in preclinical models of cancer. This work can be described as two-fold. In the first part, we investigated how the use of a glycans-specific bioconjugation strategy affects Fc gamma RI binding and why it results in improved in vivo performance of immunoconjugates. To do so, we used the clinically relevant positron emission tomography (PET) imaging agent, 89Zr-DFO-pertuzumab, in mouse models of human breast cancer ...


Original Research. (Author's Copyright Ed.) The Governing Principles Of The Elements, Herbert Masson 2020 Livre de Lyon

Original Research. (Author's Copyright Ed.) The Governing Principles Of The Elements, Herbert Masson

Science and Mathematical Science

In the early part of the present century, Dr. John Dalton, of Manchester, made know to the world his celebrated doc-trine of Definite, Reciprocal, and Multiple Proportions. No scientific discovery of ancient or modern times, has had such important material results, or conferred so many benefits upon mankind; our own country, especially, having benefitted by it in the highest degree.


The Retrospective Analysis Of Radionuclides In Banded Coral From The Bikini Atoll, Athena Marie Gallardo 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Retrospective Analysis Of Radionuclides In Banded Coral From The Bikini Atoll, Athena Marie Gallardo

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Nuclear weapons testing conducted within the Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands resulted in local fallout contamination, including long lived isotopes of plutonium (Pu) and uranium (U), within the surrounding environment. The Bikini lagoon provides a continuous source of Pu (239+240Pu) and U (236U) to the Pacific Basin. The rate at which these isotopes are flushed from the lagoon to the ocean is balanced by inputs from remobilization of lagoon sediments. This research will provide a basis for predicting future change in the solubility and export potential of Pu and U in lagoon sediments. This is important to better ...


Bis(Tetra­Phenyl­Arsonium) Hexa­Fluorido­Technetate(Iv) Dihydrate: Preparation, Structure And Spectroscopic Analysis, Samundeeswari Mariappan Balasekaran, Frederic Poineau 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Bis(Tetra­Phenyl­Arsonium) Hexa­Fluorido­Technetate(Iv) Dihydrate: Preparation, Structure And Spectroscopic Analysis, Samundeeswari Mariappan Balasekaran, Frederic Poineau

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Reports of quadrivalent transition-metal fluoride salts containing bulky organic cations are limited. In this context, we prepared the bis­(tetra­phenyl­arsonium) hexa­fluorido­technetate(IV) dihydrate salt, (C24H20As)2[TcF6]·2H2O, by a cation metathesis reaction of (NH4)2[TcF6] in water. This is the first report of an arsonium salt of the hexa­fluorido­technetate(IV) dianion. (AsPh4)2[TcF6]·2H2O crystallizes in the triclinic space group P[\overline{1}]. The [TcF6]2− anion adopts a slightly distorted octa­hedral geometry with an average Tc—F bond length of 1.933 Å. The cyclic voltammogram of (AsPh4)2 ...


The Ghrelin Receptor And Its Appetite For Highly Potent Ghrelin Analogues, Tyler J. Lalonde 2019 The University of Western Ontario

The Ghrelin Receptor And Its Appetite For Highly Potent Ghrelin Analogues, Tyler J. Lalonde

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The growth hormone secretagogue receptor-1a (GHS-R1a) is expressed in many human tissues, most notably the hypothalamus, and causes an increase in appetite upon activation by its endogenous ligand, ghrelin. GHS-R1a is differentially expressed in malignant compared to benign tumours. Therefore, there is an interest in developing GHS-R1a-targeted peptides as novel drugs to modulate signaling for diseases such as cancer cachexia and obesity and to image the receptor for disease diagnosis and following progression.

Chapter 2 discusses a fluorescently labelled ghrelin analogue for imaging GHS-R1a in ex vivo biopsy analysis and in vivo distribution studies. The analogue was created through side-chain ...


Nitric Oxide Is Involved In Heavy Ion-Induced Non-Targeted Effects In Human Fibroblasts, Megumi Hada, Premkumar B. Saganti, Francis A. Cucinotta 2019 Prairie View A&M University

Nitric Oxide Is Involved In Heavy Ion-Induced Non-Targeted Effects In Human Fibroblasts, Megumi Hada, Premkumar B. Saganti, Francis A. Cucinotta

Health Physics & Diagnostic Sciences Faculty Publications

Previously, we investigated the dose response for chromosomal aberration (CA) for exposures corresponding to less than one particle traversal per cell nucleus by high energy and charge (HZE) particles, and showed that the dose responses for simple exchanges for human fibroblast irradiated under confluent culture conditions were best fit by non-linear models motivated by a non-targeted effect (NTE). Our results suggested that the simple exchanges in normal human fibroblasts have an important NTE contribution at low particle fluence. Nitric oxide (NO) has been reported as a candidate for intercellular signaling for NTE in many studies. In order to estimate the ...


An Investigation Into The Effect Of Total Dose And Dose Rate Of Electron Beam & Gamma Irradiation As A Pretreatment On Willow For Use As A Biofuel, Lisa Paulsen 2019 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

An Investigation Into The Effect Of Total Dose And Dose Rate Of Electron Beam & Gamma Irradiation As A Pretreatment On Willow For Use As A Biofuel, Lisa Paulsen

Dissertations and Theses

Irradiation of shrub willow (Salix spp.) has been studied for the production of ethanol. This study investigated the effects of total radiation dose and dose rate (50 kGy/second, 0.1 kGy/second, or 0.695 kGy/hour) on the degradation of a willow clone mixture containing bark. Thermogravimetric analysis suggested a decrease in polymerization and crystallization of cellulose with increasing dose for all three dose rates, but glucose production during enzymatic hydrolysis remained fairly constant with dose because of lignin and polyphenolics, two known cellulase enzyme inhibitors, in bark. Hemicellulase enzymes were unaffected by bark, and increasing amounts of ...


Isotopically-Resolved Neutron Cross Sections As Probe Of The Nuclear Optical Potential, Cole Davis Pruitt 2019 Washington University in St. Louis

Isotopically-Resolved Neutron Cross Sections As Probe Of The Nuclear Optical Potential, Cole Davis Pruitt

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Neutron scattering experiments provide direct access to the forces experienced by nucleons in the nuclear environment. Due to the experimental difficulty of cross section measurements with neutrons, isotopically-resolved neutron scattering cross sections are sorely needed as inputs for many nuclear models. This dissertation presents the results from a campaign of isotope-specific neutron total cross section measurements on 16,18O, 58,64Ni, 112,124Sn, and 103Rh from 3-450 MeV and elastic scattering differential cross section measurements on 112,nat,124Sn at 11 and 17 MeV. Equipped with these new data and with computational improvements to the Dispersive Optical Model (DOM), we ...


Homonuclear Dipolar Recoupling Of Arbitrary Pairs In Multi-Spin Systems Under Magic Angle Spinning: A Double-Frequency-Selective Zq-Seashore Experiment, Takeshi Kobayashi, Zhuoran Wang, Marek Pruski 2019 Ames Laboratory

Homonuclear Dipolar Recoupling Of Arbitrary Pairs In Multi-Spin Systems Under Magic Angle Spinning: A Double-Frequency-Selective Zq-Seashore Experiment, Takeshi Kobayashi, Zhuoran Wang, Marek Pruski

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We describe a useful method for measuring the internuclear distances within arbitrarily selected pairs of like nuclei in dipolar-coupled multi-spin systems. The method uses a combination of the zero-quantum shift-evolution-assisted selective homonuclear recoupling (ZQ-SEASHORE) technique developed by Hu and Tycko [J. Chem. Phys. 2009, 131, 045101] and double-frequency-selective radio-frequency pulse. The double-frequency-selective pulse inverts polarizations of two spins simultaneously, and thus applications of the method presented here are only limited by the spectral resolution, and not by the number of interacting spins. Our experiments demonstrate the validity of the method and present analytical expressions for the dephasing curve.


Pressure-Induced Phase Transition In 1,3,5-Triamino-2,4,6-Trinitrobenzene (Tatb), Brad A. Steele, Samantha M. Clarke, Matthew P. Kroonblawd, I-Feng W. Kuo, Philip F. Pagoria, Sergey N. Tkachev, Jesse S. Smith, Sorin Bastea, Laurence E. Fried, Joseph M. Zaug, Elissaios Stavrou, Oliver Tschauner 2019 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Pressure-Induced Phase Transition In 1,3,5-Triamino-2,4,6-Trinitrobenzene (Tatb), Brad A. Steele, Samantha M. Clarke, Matthew P. Kroonblawd, I-Feng W. Kuo, Philip F. Pagoria, Sergey N. Tkachev, Jesse S. Smith, Sorin Bastea, Laurence E. Fried, Joseph M. Zaug, Elissaios Stavrou, Oliver Tschauner

Geoscience Faculty Publications

Determining the unreacted equation of state of 1,3, 5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) is challenging because it exhibits low crystal symmetry and low X-ray scattering strength. Here, we present the first high-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SXD) study of this material. Our SXD results reveal a previously unknown transition to a monoclinic phase above 4 GPa. No abrupt change of the volume occurs but the compressibility changes. Concomitant first principles evolutionary crystal structure prediction USPEX calculations confirm this transition and show that it involves a pressure-induced in-plane shift of the layers of TATB molecules with respect to the ambient-pressure phase.


A Pretargeted Spect Imaging Strategy Employing Technetium-99m Based On Bioorthogonal Diels-Alder Click Chemistry, Justin H. Walsh 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

A Pretargeted Spect Imaging Strategy Employing Technetium-99m Based On Bioorthogonal Diels-Alder Click Chemistry, Justin H. Walsh

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

A series of related N3S 99mTc-peptide complexes were synthesized and tested for use in pretargeting SPECT imaging that utilizes the bioorthogonal Diels-Alder click reaction between tetrazine (Tz) and transcyclooctene (TCO). The objective was to optimize the excretory pathways of the 99mTc-peptide complexes for maximum tumor targeting with the in vivo “click” and minimum non-target uptake. The 99mTc–tetrazine constructs were prepared by reaction of 99mTc-peptide complexes (99mTc-FKC, 99mTc-FKCR, 99mTc-DKC, and 99mTc-SKC) with Tz-NHS or Tz-PEG5-NHS to form 99mTc FK(Tz)C, 99mTc-FK(PEG5-Tz)CR ...


Preparation And Evaluation Of Uranium Alloys Based On Burnup, Andrew Jonathan Swift 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Preparation And Evaluation Of Uranium Alloys Based On Burnup, Andrew Jonathan Swift

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Next generation fast reactor designs utilizing metallic fuel are being developed as an alternative fuel cycle option in an effort to reduce carbon emissions. Historically, oxide fuels have been the industry standard, but interest in metallic fuel systems has grown considerably due to their thermal conductivity, fissile atom density, inherent safety, and ability to reach progressively higher burnups. Chemical complexity of metallic fuel systems increase as a function of burnup from fission product ingrowth and associated fuel cladding chemical interactions (FCCI) brought on by elemental redistribution and phase formation. To date, the most extensive operational study for metallic fuel was ...


Transcriptional And Chemical Changes In Soybean Leaves In Response To Long-Term Aphid Colonization, Jessica D. Hohenstein, Matthew Studham, Adam Klein, Nik Kovinich, Kia Barry, Young-Jin Lee, Gustavo C. Macintosh 2019 Iowa State University

Transcriptional And Chemical Changes In Soybean Leaves In Response To Long-Term Aphid Colonization, Jessica D. Hohenstein, Matthew Studham, Adam Klein, Nik Kovinich, Kia Barry, Young-Jin Lee, Gustavo C. Macintosh

Chemistry Publications

Soybean aphids (Aphis glycines Matsumura) are specialized insects that feed on soybean (Glycine max) phloem sap. Transcriptome analyses have shown that resistant soybean plants mount a fast response that limits aphid feeding and population growth. Conversely, defense responses in susceptible plants are slower and it is hypothesized that aphids block effective defenses in the compatible interaction. Unlike other pests, aphids can colonize plants for long periods of time; yet the effect on the plant transcriptome after long-term aphid feeding has not been analyzed for any plant–aphid interaction. We analyzed the susceptible and resistant (Rag1) transcriptome response to aphid feeding ...


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