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Full-Text Articles in Other Chemistry

Water Purification And The Industries It Supports, Zeljka Zec, Kj Bell May 2021

Water Purification And The Industries It Supports, Zeljka Zec, Kj Bell

Symposium of Student Scholars

Water Purification and the Industries It Supports

Zeljka Zec and KJ Bell

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, Ga 30144

Clean and readily available water plays a crucial role in daily societal functions. The dynamic research of water purification involves the process of removing undesired chemical or biological contaminants that affect our use of fresh, consumable water. Depending on desired applications, purification quality is adjusted for use in medical settings, manufacturing, agriculture or personal use in households. Several methods and techniques have been used in the water purification process. Those processes are coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, and filtration ...


Using Eye-Tracking Data To Determine What Biochemistry Students Attend To When Completing A Revised Three-Dimensional Modeling Activity, Hailey Knoeferl May 2021

Using Eye-Tracking Data To Determine What Biochemistry Students Attend To When Completing A Revised Three-Dimensional Modeling Activity, Hailey Knoeferl

Symposium of Student Scholars

In biochemistry, three-dimensional models are being used to help students comprehend advanced topics within the subject. Because a greater cognitive load is often related to three-dimensional models, learning what raises the cognitive load is critical. From there, measures can be taken to help lower the cognitive load and make the material easier for students to understand. To understand cognitive load in relation to models, students were presented with three-dimensional serine protease models and their substrates and asked to match the clear surface plate to the backbone, and then the substrate to the surface plate. On the substrates, students were asked ...


Computational Investigation Of Stellar Cooling, Noble Gas Nucleation, And Organic Molecular Spectra, Jax Dallas May 2021

Computational Investigation Of Stellar Cooling, Noble Gas Nucleation, And Organic Molecular Spectra, Jax Dallas

Honors Theses

Since the advent and optimization of the Hartree-Fock method, quantum chemistry has been utilized to investigate systems operating on timeframes and environments traditionally unavailable to bench-top chemistry. As computational methods have grown more robust and less time consuming, quantum chemistry has been utilized to investigate a range of fields, including the steadily growing discipline of computational astrochemistry. Through the lens of computational astrochemistry, chemistry that occurred billions of years ago can be explored with equal clarity to that which is currently happening in the cosmos. The work presented throughout this thesis is a series of investigations into different timeframes of ...


Dibenzophosphole Synthesis From 4-4’-Ditertbutyl-1,1’-Biphenyl By Double C-P Bond Formation, Annette Echevarria Apr 2021

Dibenzophosphole Synthesis From 4-4’-Ditertbutyl-1,1’-Biphenyl By Double C-P Bond Formation, Annette Echevarria

Campus Research Day

No abstract provided.


Products Of An Acid-Catalyzed 1-Methylcyclopentene Reaction, Erin Burke Apr 2021

Products Of An Acid-Catalyzed 1-Methylcyclopentene Reaction, Erin Burke

Campus Research Day

The poster presents research on the alternate products produced from 1-methylcyclopentene across different concentrations of sulfuric acid catalyst.


Cown Sustains Nitrogenase Turnover In The Presence Of The Inhibitor Carbon Monoxide, Michael S. Medina, Kevin O. Bretzing, Richard A. Aviles, Kiersten M. Chong, Alejandro Espinoza, Chloe Nicole G. Garcia, Benjamin B. Katz, Ruchita N. Kharwa, Andrea Hernandez, Justin L. Lee, Terrence M. Lee, Christine Lo Verde, Max W. Strul, Emily Y. Wong, Cedric P. Owens Mar 2021

Cown Sustains Nitrogenase Turnover In The Presence Of The Inhibitor Carbon Monoxide, Michael S. Medina, Kevin O. Bretzing, Richard A. Aviles, Kiersten M. Chong, Alejandro Espinoza, Chloe Nicole G. Garcia, Benjamin B. Katz, Ruchita N. Kharwa, Andrea Hernandez, Justin L. Lee, Terrence M. Lee, Christine Lo Verde, Max W. Strul, Emily Y. Wong, Cedric P. Owens

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Nitrogenase is the only enzyme capable of catalyzing nitrogen fixation, the reduction of dinitrogen gas (N2) to ammonia (NH3). Nitrogenase is tightly inhibited by the environmental gas carbon monoxide (CO). Nitrogen-fixing bacteria rely on the protein CowN to grow in the presence of CO. However, the mechanism by which CowN operates is unknown. Here, we present the biochemical characterization of CowN and examine how CowN protects nitrogenase from CO. We determine that CowN interacts directly with nitrogenase and that CowN protection observes hyperbolic kinetics with respect to CowN concentration. At a CO concentration of 0.001 atm, CowN ...


Sulfur Anions: Comments Upon Structure, Charles A. Kingsbury Mar 2021

Sulfur Anions: Comments Upon Structure, Charles A. Kingsbury

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

This work emphasizes the need for solvent simulation as well as a counterion in calculations concerning anions, although optimization may be difficult. Solvent and counterion both play a large role in conformation of the ion. Part of the reason for the success of sulfur anions in chemical reactions may be the ability of sulfone oxygen(s) to coordinate with the counterion (usually lithium). The “solvent” partially dissociates lithium from the carbanion center.


The Mechanism Of Β-N-Methylamino-L-Alanine Inhibition Of Trna Aminoacylation And Its Impact On Misincorporation, Nien-Ching Han, Tammy J. Bullwinkle, Kaeli F. Loeb, Kym F. Faull, Kyle Mohler, Jesse Rinehart, Michael Ibba Jan 2021

The Mechanism Of Β-N-Methylamino-L-Alanine Inhibition Of Trna Aminoacylation And Its Impact On Misincorporation, Nien-Ching Han, Tammy J. Bullwinkle, Kaeli F. Loeb, Kym F. Faull, Kyle Mohler, Jesse Rinehart, Michael Ibba

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

β-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) is a nonproteinogenic amino acid that has been associated with neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). BMAA has been found in human protein extracts; however, the mechanism by which it enters the proteome is still unclear. It has been suggested that BMAA is misincorporated at serine codons during protein synthesis, but direct evidence of its cotranslational incorporation is currently lacking. Here, using LC-MS–purified BMAA and several biochemical assays, we sought to determine whether any aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS) utilizes BMAA as a substrate for aminoacylation. Despite BMAA's previously predicted ...


Transcriptional Repressor Protein Based Macrolide Biosensor Development With Improved Sensitivity, Jayani A. Christopher Jan 2021

Transcriptional Repressor Protein Based Macrolide Biosensor Development With Improved Sensitivity, Jayani A. Christopher

Graduate Research Posters

Macrolide antibiotics are in high demand for clinical applications. Macrolides are biosynthesized via giant assembly line polyketide synthases (PKS) which are arranged in a modular fashion. Combinatorial biosynthetic methods have been used to produce diversified macrolides by reprograming these modules and modifying tailoring enzymes required for post synthetic modifications. However it is challenging due to the size and complexity of PKSs. To overcome this challenge, new enzymes for macrolide diversification could be obtained by directed evolution where a large number of enzyme variants need to be screened. Therefore it is important to develop high throughput screening methods to identify the ...


Characterizing The Presence Of Edta In Blood Samples, Alexandra Wright Jan 2021

Characterizing The Presence Of Edta In Blood Samples, Alexandra Wright

Theses and Dissertations

Blood is often a type of evidence found at crime scenes. There has been a long history of criminal cases involving blood evidence samples that were allegedly planted at the scene by a third party. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, or EDTA, is an anticoagulant that is not naturally occurring in blood samples; it chelates to ions in blood to prevent clotting. If present in a blood evidence sample, it could be indicative that the blood sample may have been planted at the crime scene to implicate a suspect. EDTA is also reported to modify clothing and exist in detergents, to allow dyes ...


Elucidating The Role Of Hydrogen Bond Donor And Acceptor On Solvation In Deep Eutectic Solvents Formed By Ammonium/Phosphonium Salts And Carboxylic Acids, Muhammad Qamar Farooq, Gabriel A. Odugbesi, Nabeel Mujtaba Abbasi, Jared L. Anderson Dec 2020

Elucidating The Role Of Hydrogen Bond Donor And Acceptor On Solvation In Deep Eutectic Solvents Formed By Ammonium/Phosphonium Salts And Carboxylic Acids, Muhammad Qamar Farooq, Gabriel A. Odugbesi, Nabeel Mujtaba Abbasi, Jared L. Anderson

Chemistry Publications

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) constitute a rapidly emerging class of sustainable liquids that have been widely studied and employed in chemical separations, catalysis, and electrochemistry. The unique physicochemical and solvation properties of DESs can be highly tailored by choosing the appropriate hydrogen bond acceptor (HBA) and hydrogen bond donor (HBD). Understanding the role of the HBA and HBD on the multiple solvation interactions in DESs is important to enable their judicious selection for particular applications. This work constitutes the first study to exploit chromatography to measure solute–solvent interactions of DESs using a wide array of known probe molecules. The ...


Identification Of Degradation Products Formed From Glycerol And Terpenes In Aromatherapy Vaporizers, Alisha Ortiz Dec 2020

Identification Of Degradation Products Formed From Glycerol And Terpenes In Aromatherapy Vaporizers, Alisha Ortiz

University Honors Theses

Degradation chemistry has been widely studied to assess the safety of aerosols in many fields. The study herein investigates the degradation products formed from MONQ personal aromatherapy devices- a new non-nicotine aromatherapy vape pen device on the market. These pens are marketed to alleviate symptoms of an unrecognized medical syndrome called “terpene deficiency”. These pens contain a glycerin (GL), or glycerol (VG), base and a blend of terpene-rich essential oils. Previous studies have investigated the degradation of both VG and terpenes and have shown that concerning compounds are released in the gas phase, including benzene, benzaldehyde, methacrolein and methyl vinyl ...


Predicting The Hydration Free Energy Of Small Alkanes And Alcohols From Custom, Electronic Structure-Based Force Fields, T. Ryan Rogers Dec 2020

Predicting The Hydration Free Energy Of Small Alkanes And Alcohols From Custom, Electronic Structure-Based Force Fields, T. Ryan Rogers

Theses and Dissertations

Mathematical theories reveal the fundamental physics involved in experimentalphenomena. Computer models of such theories are routinely used to corroborate or explain experiments and predict properties of chemical systems. Therefore, an important effort in computational chemistry is the development of more accurate and efficient chemical models. Current-generation models are only beginning to approach experimental-quality predictions of hydration free energies (HFEs).Using computations of quantum mechanical (QM) forces and classical simulations based on these forces, I investigate models to predict several properties of solutes and solutions. This dissertation is a collection of projects exemplifying methods used to gain insight into chemical systems ...


Coevolution, Dynamics And Allostery Conspire In Shaping Cooperative Binding And Signal Transmission Of The Sars-Cov-2 Spike Protein With Human Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2, Gennady M. Verkhivker Nov 2020

Coevolution, Dynamics And Allostery Conspire In Shaping Cooperative Binding And Signal Transmission Of The Sars-Cov-2 Spike Protein With Human Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2, Gennady M. Verkhivker

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Binding to the host receptor is a critical initial step for the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 spike protein to enter into target cells and trigger virus transmission. A detailed dynamic and energetic view of the binding mechanisms underlying virus entry is not fully understood and the consensus around the molecular origins behind binding preferences of SARS-CoV-2 for binding with the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) host receptor is yet to be established. In this work, we performed a comprehensive computational investigation in which sequence analysis and modeling of coevolutionary networks are combined with atomistic molecular simulations and comparative binding free energy analysis of ...


Efficient Step-Merged Quantum Imaginary Time Evolution Algorithm For Quantum Chemistry, Niladri Gomes, Feng Zhang, Noah F. Berthusen, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Peter P. Orth, Yongxin Yao Oct 2020

Efficient Step-Merged Quantum Imaginary Time Evolution Algorithm For Quantum Chemistry, Niladri Gomes, Feng Zhang, Noah F. Berthusen, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Peter P. Orth, Yongxin Yao

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We develop a resource-efficient step-merged quantum imaginary time evolution approach (smQITE) to solve for the ground state of a Hamiltonian on quantum computers. This heuristic method features a fixed shallow quantum circuit depth along the state evolution path. We use this algorithm to determine the binding energy curves of a set of molecules, including H2, H4, H6, LiH, HF, H2O, and BeH2, and find highly accurate results. The required quantum resources of smQITE calculations can be further reduced by adopting the circuit form of the variational quantum eigensolver (VQE) technique, such as the unitary coupled cluster ansatz. We demonstrate that ...


Optimization Of Cation Exchange Chromatography Purification Of A Small Peptide: An Industrial And Practical Approach, Jamin Willoughby Oct 2020

Optimization Of Cation Exchange Chromatography Purification Of A Small Peptide: An Industrial And Practical Approach, Jamin Willoughby

Honors Theses

Ion exchange chromatography (IEX) is a common chemical separation technique that is used to separate ionizable target molecules from a liquid mixture mobile phase by adsorption of the molecule to a stationary phase. In chromatography, the stationary phase is a porous solid that the target molecule and mobile phase flows through, and is commonly referred to as the resin. Resins are commonly packed into hollow cylindrical columns. The mobile phase is the liquid solvent which flows through the column containing the stationary phase. The target molecule will have an affinity for the resin and adsorb to it, while impurities in ...


Modification Of Chm20 Lab: Synthesis Of Aspirin, Nicole Diaz, Amy Musselman Prof. Oct 2020

Modification Of Chm20 Lab: Synthesis Of Aspirin, Nicole Diaz, Amy Musselman Prof.

KU Inspires! Undergraduate Research Day

No abstract provided.


Resource-Saving Technologies For The Production Of Elastic Leather Materials: Collective Monograph, Olena Korotych, Anatolii Danylkovych, Serhii Bilinskyi, Serhii Bondarenko, Slava Branovitska, Vasyl Chervinskyi, Nataliia Khliebnikova, Alona Kudzieva, Viktor Lishchuk, Nataliia Lysenko, Olena Mokrousova, Nataliia Omelchenko, Vera Palamar, Yuliia Potakh, Oksana Romanyuk, Olga Sanginova, Oleksandr Zhyhotsky Oct 2020

Resource-Saving Technologies For The Production Of Elastic Leather Materials: Collective Monograph, Olena Korotych, Anatolii Danylkovych, Serhii Bilinskyi, Serhii Bondarenko, Slava Branovitska, Vasyl Chervinskyi, Nataliia Khliebnikova, Alona Kudzieva, Viktor Lishchuk, Nataliia Lysenko, Olena Mokrousova, Nataliia Omelchenko, Vera Palamar, Yuliia Potakh, Oksana Romanyuk, Olga Sanginova, Oleksandr Zhyhotsky

Chemistry Publications and Other Works

This monograph contains a collection of recent research papers focusing on advancing existing technologies and developing new technologies to improve the environmentally friendliness and save resources during the production of elastic leather materials. The papers are organized based on the type of technological process used to preserve raw hides. A lot of attention is devoted to mathematical planning, simulations, and multicriteria optimization of the technological processes using newly developed chemical reagents. The monograph contains a complex study of physicochemical properties and characteristics of the resulting leather materials. The developed technologies were tested by the private joint-stock company Chinbar (Kyiv, Ukraine ...


Novel Antibacterial Compounds And Methods Of Making And Using Same, Amit Basu, Christopher W. Reid, Michael Saladino Sep 2020

Novel Antibacterial Compounds And Methods Of Making And Using Same, Amit Basu, Christopher W. Reid, Michael Saladino

Science and Technology Faculty Journal Articles

The invention provides novel antibacterial diamide compounds, pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compounds and methods for treating or preventing an infection in a subject using the compounds.


Capsaicin Is A Negative Allosteric Modulator Of The 5-Ht3 Receptor, Eslam El Nebrisi, Tatiana Prytkova, Dietrich Ernst Lorke, Luke Howarth, Asma Hassan Alzaabi, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Frank Christopher Howarth, Murat Oz Aug 2020

Capsaicin Is A Negative Allosteric Modulator Of The 5-Ht3 Receptor, Eslam El Nebrisi, Tatiana Prytkova, Dietrich Ernst Lorke, Luke Howarth, Asma Hassan Alzaabi, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Frank Christopher Howarth, Murat Oz

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

In this study, effects of capsaicin, an active ingredient of the capsicum plant, were investigated on human 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptors. Capsaicin reversibly inhibited serotonin (5-HT)-induced currents recorded by two-electrode voltage clamp method in Xenopus oocytes. The inhibition was time- and concentration-dependent with an IC50 = 62 μM. The effect of capsaicin was not altered in the presence of capsazepine, and by intracellular BAPTA injections or trans-membrane potential changes. In radio-ligand binding studies, capsaicin did not change the specific binding of the 5-HT3 antagonist [3H]GR65630, indicating that it is a noncompetitive inhibitor of 5-HT ...


Highly Swelling Ph-Responsive Microgels For Dual Mode Near Infra-Red Fluorescence Reporting And Imaging, Mingning Zhu, Dongdong Lu, Qing Lian, Shanglin Wu, Wenkai Wang, L. Andrew Lyon, Weiguang Wan, Paulo Bártolo, Mark Dickinson, Brian R. Saunders Aug 2020

Highly Swelling Ph-Responsive Microgels For Dual Mode Near Infra-Red Fluorescence Reporting And Imaging, Mingning Zhu, Dongdong Lu, Qing Lian, Shanglin Wu, Wenkai Wang, L. Andrew Lyon, Weiguang Wan, Paulo Bártolo, Mark Dickinson, Brian R. Saunders

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Near infra-red (NIR) fluorescence is a desirable property for probe particles because such deeply penetrating light enables remote reporting of the local environment in complex surroundings and imaging. Here, two NIR non-radiative energy transfer (NRET) fluorophores (Cy5 and Cy5.5) are coupled to preformed pH-responsive poly(ethylacrylate-methacrylic acid-divinylbenzene) microgel particles (PEA-MAA-5/5.5 MGs) to obtain new NIR fluorescent probes that are cytocompatible and swell strongly. NIR ratiometric photoluminescence (PL) intensity analysis enables reporting of pH-triggered PEA-MAA-5/5.5 MG particle swelling ratios over a very wide range (from 1–90). The dispersions have greatly improved colloidal stability compared to ...


Electrostatic Denaturation Of Dna-Cisplatin Adducts, Eddie Madrigal Aug 2020

Electrostatic Denaturation Of Dna-Cisplatin Adducts, Eddie Madrigal

Master's Theses

In this thesis, electrochemical approaches are used to determine the properties of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) by electrostatic denaturation. The electrochemical routine involves an application of a destabilization potential, an equilibration potential, and a square wave voltammogram (SWV) to monitor the extent of melting. Our method uses a monolayer consisting of thiol modified DNA and mercaptohexanol on a gold electrode. These electrodes are then incubated in a complementary sequence tagged with methylene blue. By using our electrostatic denaturation technique, different parameters are explored, such as surface densities, surface coverages, and ionic strengths. As proof of concept, these techniques were applied toward ...


Allosteric Regulation At The Crossroads Of New Technologies: Multiscale Modeling, Networks, And Machine Learning, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Guang Hu, Peng Tao Jul 2020

Allosteric Regulation At The Crossroads Of New Technologies: Multiscale Modeling, Networks, And Machine Learning, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Guang Hu, Peng Tao

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Allosteric regulation is a common mechanism employed by complex biomolecular systems for regulation of activity and adaptability in the cellular environment, serving as an effective molecular tool for cellular communication. As an intrinsic but elusive property, allostery is a ubiquitous phenomenon where binding or disturbing of a distal site in a protein can functionally control its activity and is considered as the “second secret of life.” The fundamental biological importance and complexity of these processes require a multi-faceted platform of synergistically integrated approaches for prediction and characterization of allosteric functional states, atomistic reconstruction of allosteric regulatory mechanisms and discovery of ...


The Development Of A Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Method For The Detection Of Synthetic Cannabinoids In Urine, Thaddeus Mostowtt Jul 2020

The Development Of A Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Method For The Detection Of Synthetic Cannabinoids In Urine, Thaddeus Mostowtt

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The use and abuse of synthetic cannabinoids has increased significantly in recent years due to their easy access and growing popularity. Despite having more known drugs become illegal, new synthetic versions of these drugs are being made that have not yet been recognized or classified as illegal substances. Therefore, standard methods may not be able to detect these drugs.

The most common method of screening detection for drugs of abuse in biological samples is the immunoassay. However, the immunoassay method presents some disadvantages, particularly for newly synthesized compounds. More advanced methods have also been used, such as LC-MS; however, these ...


A Benchmark Of Gutzwiller Conjugate Gradient Minimization Method In Ground State Energy Calculations Of Dimers, Yue-Hang Dong, Zhuo Ye, Wen-Cai Lu, Yong-Xin Yao, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho Jun 2020

A Benchmark Of Gutzwiller Conjugate Gradient Minimization Method In Ground State Energy Calculations Of Dimers, Yue-Hang Dong, Zhuo Ye, Wen-Cai Lu, Yong-Xin Yao, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We present numerical results of ground-state energies of 9 molecules in the well-established G2 molecule set given by the Gutzwiller conjugate gradient minimization (GCGM) method. The method, beyond the commonly used Gutzwiller approximation, was recently developed based on Gutzwiller variational wave functions. We find that compared to benchmark data given by full configuration interaction, GCGM total energies are reasonably well reproduced with the minimum basis set. To include the dynamical correlation beyond the minimal basis calculations, we adopt the local density approximation for the dynamical correlation energy E-c. By comparing the results with benchmark data given by experiments and large-basis ...


Systematic Comparison Of Pre-Treatment Parameters In Forensic Hair Analysis And Investigating Hair-Drug Interactions, Jennett Chenevert Aijala May 2020

Systematic Comparison Of Pre-Treatment Parameters In Forensic Hair Analysis And Investigating Hair-Drug Interactions, Jennett Chenevert Aijala

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Forensic toxicological analysis for the purposes of protecting human health and supporting criminal justice activities can be achieved, in part, by means of analysis of human head hair for detection of abused substances. Hair is considered an alternative sample matrix (compared to blood and urine) because of persistent interpretive challenges caused by a lack of standardization in analytical approaches and poor understanding of the biases resulting from physicochemical interactions between major hair components (e.g., melanin) and drugs of abuse. Some of the uncertainty regarding optimal techniques for the pre-treatment of hair specimens results from the unknown nature of the ...


I. Non-Degradable Polysiloxane Networks For Controlled Release Applications, And Ii. Additive Free, Degradable Silyl-Ether Furyl-Maleimide Networks, Caleb M. Bunton May 2020

I. Non-Degradable Polysiloxane Networks For Controlled Release Applications, And Ii. Additive Free, Degradable Silyl-Ether Furyl-Maleimide Networks, Caleb M. Bunton

Chemistry Theses and Dissertations

I. Two different series of non–degradable polysiloxane networks were prepared for the encapsulation and controlled release of a small molecule agent. For the first series, hydrosilylation was utilized to prepare networks of varying crosslink densities, as determined from swelling studies, from vinyl terminated and silylhydride functional poly(dimethyl)siloxanes. For the second series, the thiol-ene reaction was utilized to prepare networks of varying crosslink densities, as determined from swelling studies, from vinyl terminated and mercaptopropyl functional poly(dimethyl)siloxanes. Nile red dye was used as an encapsulated agent and dye release from each series of networks was measured using ...


Chemistry In Art: The Science Of Dye, Madeleine Gray Burland May 2020

Chemistry In Art: The Science Of Dye, Madeleine Gray Burland

Honors Projects

Fabric arts, and the practice of dyeing fabric using various resist techniques, is a tradition that goes back centuries, and is unique among art mediums in its relation to science, as the innovations in dye production have directly affected the art form. The development of synthetic dyes in the 1800’s greatly affected the way fabric is dyed, and subsequently the way clothes were made and consumed. As opposed to dyes made of natural materials, synthetic dyes cam in more colors, were brighter, easier to make in large quantities, and lasted longer since they didn’t fade with repeated washings ...


Mechanistic Study Of Cooperative Ligand-Centered Reactivity In Triaminoborane-Bridged Diphosphine Complexes, Clara Kirkvold May 2020

Mechanistic Study Of Cooperative Ligand-Centered Reactivity In Triaminoborane-Bridged Diphosphine Complexes, Clara Kirkvold

Honors Thesis

Reactive ligand platforms containing trisubstituted boranes have been effective in promoting new types of small molecule reactivity and catalysis with transition metals. Our project is aimed at developing triaminoborane-bridged diphosphines that participate in cooperative ligand-centered reactivity while bound to transitions metals. Here we present a density functional theory (DFT) mechanistic study on a series of ligand centered reactions at a boron center on a metal complex, PhTBDPhosMCl2 (M = Ni or Pd and TBDPhos = 1,8,10,9-triazaboradecalin). Our work focuses specifically on the nickel complexes. PhTBDPhosNiCl2 can react with several molecules to produce trans H-X addition ...


Isolation, Identification, And Investigation Of A Novel Bioactive Furanocoumarin From Leaves Of Amyris Elemifera, Amy K. Bracken May 2020

Isolation, Identification, And Investigation Of A Novel Bioactive Furanocoumarin From Leaves Of Amyris Elemifera, Amy K. Bracken

Honors Theses

Plants produce biologically active compounds that humans have utilized for many agricultural applications. Amyris elemifera was investigated due to the known bioactivity of its family, Rutaceae, and its use in medicines in tribes of the Bahamas. Biotage® and TLC guided fractionation of the EtOAc, hexane, and MeOH extracts of the leaves of Amyris elemifera yielded bioactive compounds. Most significantly, a novel furanocoumarin, 8-(3-methylbut-2-enyloxy)-marmesin acetate (1), and its analog 8-(3-methylbut-2-enyloxy)-marmesin (2), were isolated. The structures were identified via NMR and X-ray crystallography techniques; the X-ray crystal structure for 1 was reported for the first time, and the ...