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Understanding Students’ Global Interdependence In Science Instruction, Walter S. Smith 2021 Texas Tech University

Understanding Students’ Global Interdependence In Science Instruction, Walter S. Smith

Journal of Global Education and Research

Multiple American educational organizations such as the National Education Association, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, and the Council of Chief State School Officers have advocated for globalizing the K-12 curriculum. The National Science Teaching Association (NSTA) in a position statement on international education and the Next Generation Science Standards have produced goals and standards for internationalizing the science curriculum by addressing topics such as climate change, environment, and disease that cross borders. In contrast to those pronouncements on the curriculum, this article views global science education through an instructional lens that focuses on a students’ global interdependence in science ...


Physical Chemistry, Ruth E. Stark 2021 CUNY City College

Physical Chemistry, Ruth E. Stark

Open Educational Resources

This is a provisional syllabus for Physical Chemistry I (Thermodynamics), to be taught using an OER Textmap in Fall, 2021.


Stay Calm And Focus On The Learning Outcomes: Tools For Taking Biophysical Chemistry Online, Maria Ballester, Brian L. Van Hoozen Jr., Arthur Sikora 2021 Nova Southeastern University

Stay Calm And Focus On The Learning Outcomes: Tools For Taking Biophysical Chemistry Online, Maria Ballester, Brian L. Van Hoozen Jr., Arthur Sikora

Chemistry and Physics Faculty Articles

Course specific learning outcomes are an important tool to define the scope of a course and can be very helpful when designing experiments and assessments. With slight modification, these learning outcomes can serve as a guide when transitioning to the distance learning format especially in courses with a traditional lab. Here we present such an example for the biophysical chemistry course.


Foliar Photodegradation In Pesticide Environmental Modeling, Sean M. Lyons 2021 Utah State University

Foliar Photodegradation In Pesticide Environmental Modeling, Sean M. Lyons

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The work described here was conducted to better understand how pesticides will behave following their application to crops or soil. This understanding will allow for better use of pesticides which will protect the environment and non-target organisms while remaining effective against pests. The Pesticide Dissipation form Agricultural Land (PeDAL) model was developed to simulate pesticide behavior following application and laboratory experiments focused on the photodegradation of select pesticides on alfalfa leaves were conducted to support this model.


Data From: Novel Strongly Correlated Europium Superhydrides, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko 2021 Utah State University

Data From: Novel Strongly Correlated Europium Superhydrides, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko

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We conducted a joint experimental–theoretical investigation of the high-pressure chemistry of europium polyhydrides at pressures of 86–130 GPa. We discovered several novel magnetic Eu superhydrides stabilized by anharmonic effects: cubic EuH9, hexagonal EuH9, and an unexpected cubic (Pm3n) clathrate phase, Eu8H46. Monte Carlo simulations indicate that cubic EuH9 has antiferromagnetic ordering with TN of up to 24 K, whereas hexagonal EuH9 and Pm3n-Eu8H46 possess ferromagnetic ordering with TC = 137 and 336 K, respectively. The electron–phonon interaction is weak in all studied europium hydrides, and their magnetic ordering excludes s-wave superconductivity, except, perhaps, for distorted pseudohexagonal EuH9. The ...


Data From: Chemical Bonding Analysis Of Excited States Using The Adaptive Natural Density Partitioning Method, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko 2021 Utah State University

Data From: Chemical Bonding Analysis Of Excited States Using The Adaptive Natural Density Partitioning Method, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko

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A novel approach to chemical bond analysis for excited states has been developed. Using an extended adaptive natural density partitioning method (AdNDP) as implemented in AdNDP 2.0 code, we obtained chemically intuitive bonding patterns for the excited states of H2O, B5+, and C2H4+ molecules. The deformation pathway in the excited states could be easily predicted based on the analysis of the chemical bond pattern. We expect that this new method of chemical bonding analysis would be very helpful for photochemistry, photoelectron spectroscopy, electron spectroscopy and other chemical applications that involved excited states.


Data From: Stability, Electronic, And Optical Properties Of Two-Dimensional Phosphoborane, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko 2021 Utah State University

Data From: Stability, Electronic, And Optical Properties Of Two-Dimensional Phosphoborane, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko

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The structure and properties of two-dimensional phosphoborane sheets were computationally investigated using Density Functional Theory calculations. The calculated phonon spectrum and band structure point to dynamic stability and allowed characterization of the predicted two-dimensional material as a direct-gap semiconductor with a band gap of ~1.5 eV. The calculation of the optical properties showed that the two-dimensional material has a relatively small absorptivity coefficient. The parameters of the mechanical properties characterize the two-dimensional phosphoborane as a relatively soft material, similar to the monolayer of MoS2. Assessment of thermal stability by the method of molecular dynamics indicates sufficient stability of the ...


Data From: A Sandwich-Type Cluster Containing Ge@Pd3 Planar Fragment Flanked By Aromatic Nonagermanide Caps, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko 2021 Utah State University

Data From: A Sandwich-Type Cluster Containing Ge@Pd3 Planar Fragment Flanked By Aromatic Nonagermanide Caps, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko

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Sandwich-type clusters with the planar fragment containing a heterometallic sheet have remained elusive. In this work, we introduce the [K(2,2,2-crypt)]4{(Ge9)2[η6-Ge(PdPPh3)3]} complex that contains a heterometallic sandwich fragment. The title compound is structurally characterized by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction, which reveals the presence of an unusual heteroatomic metal planar fragment Ge@Pd3. The planar fragment contains a rare formal zerovalent germanium core and a peculiar bonding mode of sp2-Ge@(PdPPh3)3 trigonal planar structure, whereas the nonagermanide fragments act as capping ligands. The chemical bonding pattern of the planar fragment consists ...


Data From: Computational Prediction Of The Low-Temperature Ferromagnetic Semiconducting 2d Sin Monolayer, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko 2021 Utah State University

Data From: Computational Prediction Of The Low-Temperature Ferromagnetic Semiconducting 2d Sin Monolayer, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko

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Since the discovery of graphene, 2D materials have captured the minds of scientists because of their attractive and unique electronic properties. In particular, magnetic 2D materials have become a subject of extensive discussions today. Using density functional theory calculations, it is shown that 2D SiN sheet (built out of nonmetallic main group atoms) is a ferromagnetic semiconducting material with a magnetic moment 1 μB per unit cell and an indirect bandgap of 1.55 eV. Calculated phonon spectrum and conducted ab initio molecular dynamics simulation reveal thermal and dynamical stability of the designed material. It is shown that the ferromagnetic ...


Data From: Dibridged, Monobridged, Vinylidene-Like, And Linear Structures For The Alkaline Earth Dihydrides Be2h2, Mg2h2, Ca2h2, Sr2h2, And Ba2h2. Proposals For Observations, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko 2021 Utah State University

Data From: Dibridged, Monobridged, Vinylidene-Like, And Linear Structures For The Alkaline Earth Dihydrides Be2h2, Mg2h2, Ca2h2, Sr2h2, And Ba2h2. Proposals For Observations, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko

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This research reports a search for peculiar monobridged structures of the E2H2 molecules (E = Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba). For Be2H2 and Mg2H2, the monobridged geometry is not an equilibrium but rather a transition state between the vinylidene-like structure and the global minimum HE–EH linear geometry. However, for Ca2H2, Sr2H2, and Ba2H2, this situation changes significantly; the linear structure is no longer the global minimum but lies higher in energy than two other equilibria, the dibridged and monobridged structures. The planar dibridged structures of both Sr2H2 and Ba2H2 should be observable via IR spectroscopy. Although the remarkable monobridged structures ...


Data For: Record Low Ionization Potentials Of Alkali Metal Complexes With Crown Ethers And Cryptands, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko 2021 Utah State University

Data For: Record Low Ionization Potentials Of Alkali Metal Complexes With Crown Ethers And Cryptands, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko

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Electronic properties of series of alkali metals complexes with crown ethers and cryptands were studied via DFT hybrid functionals. For [M([2.2.2]crypt)] (M=Li, Na, K) extremely low (1.70–1.52 eV) adiabatic ionization potentials were found. Such low values of ionization energies are significantly lower than those of alkali metal atoms. Thus, the investigated complexes can be defined as superalkalis. As a result, our investigation opens up new directions in the designing of chemical species with record low ionization potentials and extends the explanation of the ability of the cryptates and alkali crown ether complexes ...


Dataset For: Multiple Local Σ-Aromaticity Of Nonagermanide Clusters, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko 2021 Utah State University

Dataset For: Multiple Local Σ-Aromaticity Of Nonagermanide Clusters, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko

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Nonagermanide clusters are widely used in inorganic synthesis and are actively studied by experimentalists and theoreticians. However, chemical bonding of such versatile species is still not completely understood. In our work we deciphered a bonding pattern for various experimentally obtained nonagermanide species. We localized the electron density via the AdNDP algorithm for the model structures ([Ge9]4−, [Ge9{P(NH2)2}3]−, Cu[Ge9{P(NH2)2}3] and Cu(NHC)[Ge9{P(NH2)2}3]) and obtained a simple and chemically intuitive bonding pattern which can explain the variety of active sites and the existence of both D3h and ...


Revealing The Surface Structure Of Cdse Nanocrystals By Dynamic Nuclear Polarization-Enhanced 77se And 113cd Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy, Yunhua Chen, Rick W. Dorn, Michael P. Hanrahan, Lin Wei, Rafael Blome-Fernández, Alan M. Medina-Gonzalez, Marquix A. S. Adamson, Anne H. Flintgruber, Javier Vela, Aaron J. Rossini 2021 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Revealing The Surface Structure Of Cdse Nanocrystals By Dynamic Nuclear Polarization-Enhanced 77se And 113cd Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy, Yunhua Chen, Rick W. Dorn, Michael P. Hanrahan, Lin Wei, Rafael Blome-Fernández, Alan M. Medina-Gonzalez, Marquix A. S. Adamson, Anne H. Flintgruber, Javier Vela, Aaron J. Rossini

Chemistry Publications

Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) solid-state NMR (SSNMR) spectroscopy was used to obtain detailed surface structures of zinc blende CdSe nanocrystals (NCs) with plate or spheroidal morphologies which are capped by carboxylic acid ligands. 1D 113Cd and 77Se cross-polarization magic angle spinning (CPMAS) NMR spectra revealed distinct signals from Cd and Se atoms on the surface of the NCs, and those residing in bulk-like environments, below the surface. 113Cd cross-polarization magic-angle-turning (CP-MAT) experiments identified CdSe3O, CdSe2O2, and CdSeO3 Cd coordination environments on the surface of the NCs, where the oxygen atoms are presumably from coordinated carboxylate ligands. The sensitivity gain from ...


Data From: Structure And Bonding In [Sb@In8sb12]3− And [Sb@In8sb12]5−, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko 2021 Utah State University

Data From: Structure And Bonding In [Sb@In8sb12]3− And [Sb@In8sb12]5−, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko

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We report the characterization of the compound [K([2.2.2]crypt)]4[In8Sb13], which proves to contain a 1:1 mixture of [Sb@In8Sb12]3− and [Sb@In8Sb12]5−. The tri-anion displays perfect Th symmetry, the first completely inorganic molecule to do so, and contains eight equivalent In3+ centers in a cube. The gas-phase potential energy surface of the penta-anion has eight equivalent minima where the extra pair of electrons is localized on one In+ center, and these minima are linked by low-lying transition states where the electron pair is delocalized over two adjacent centers. The best fit to ...


Data From: All-Metal Σ-Antiaromaticity In Dimeric Cluster Anion {[Cuge9mes]2}4−, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko 2021 Utah State University

Data From: All-Metal Σ-Antiaromaticity In Dimeric Cluster Anion {[Cuge9mes]2}4−, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko

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In this work, we report a dimeric cluster anion, {[CuGe9Mes]2}4−, which was isolated as the [K(2,2,2-crypt)]+ salt and characterized by using single-crystal X-ray diffraction and ESI mass spectroscopy. The title cluster represents the first locally σ-antiaromatic compound in the solid state, as well as the first heteroatomic antiaromatic compound.


Data From: Σ-Aromaticity-Induced Stabilization Of Heterometallic Supertetrahedral Clusters [Zn6ge16]4− And [Cd6ge16]4−, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko 2021 Utah State University

Data From: Σ-Aromaticity-Induced Stabilization Of Heterometallic Supertetrahedral Clusters [Zn6ge16]4− And [Cd6ge16]4−, Alexander I. Boldyrev, Nikolay Tkachenko

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In this work, the largest heterometallic supertetrahedral clusters, [Zn6Ge16]4− and [Cd6Ge16]4−, were directly self-assembled through highly-charged [Ge4]4− units and transition metal cations, in which 3-center–2-electron σ bonding in Ge2Zn or Ge2Cd triangles plays a vital role in the stabilization of the whole structure. The cluster structures have an open framework with a large central cavity of diameter 4.6 Å for Zn and 5.0 Å for Cd, respectively. Time-dependent HRESI-MS spectra show that the larger clusters grow from smaller components with a single [Ge4]4− and ZnMes2 units. Calculations performed at the DFT level indicate ...


Ancillary Steric Effects On The Activation Of Sih Bonds In Arylsilazido Rare-Earth Compounds, Kasuni C. Boteju, Amrit Venkatesh, Yang-Yun Chu, Suchen Wan, Arkady Ellern, Aaron J. Rossini, Aaron D. Sadow 2021 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Ancillary Steric Effects On The Activation Of Sih Bonds In Arylsilazido Rare-Earth Compounds, Kasuni C. Boteju, Amrit Venkatesh, Yang-Yun Chu, Suchen Wan, Arkady Ellern, Aaron J. Rossini, Aaron D. Sadow

Chemistry Publications

Three new hydridosilazido ligands, −N(SiHMe2)Aryl (Aryl = Ph, 2,6-C6Me2H3 (dmp), 2,6-C6iPr2H3 (dipp)) and their rare-earth complexes Ln{N(SiHMe2)Aryl}3(THF)n (Ln = Sc, Y, Lu; Aryl = Ph, n = 2; Aryl = dmp, n = 1; Aryl = dipp, n = 0) were synthesized to study the relationships among ligand steric properties, secondary Ln↼H–Si bonding, and the reactivity of amide and SiH groups. In these compounds, the steric encumbrance of the aryl group was systematically increased from phenyl to 2,6-dimethylphenyl to 2,6-diisopropylphenyl. NMR, IR, and X-ray diffraction studies of the complexes characterize the number ...


Mathematical Model For Measuring The Concentration Of Nanoparticles In A Liquid During Sedimentation, Safaa Mohammed Ridha Hussien Hussien, Airat Sakhabutdinov, Vladimir Anfinogentov, Maxim Danilaev, Vladimir Kuklin, Oleg Morozov 2021 University of Karbala, Karbala, Iraq

Mathematical Model For Measuring The Concentration Of Nanoparticles In A Liquid During Sedimentation, Safaa Mohammed Ridha Hussien Hussien, Airat Sakhabutdinov, Vladimir Anfinogentov, Maxim Danilaev, Vladimir Kuklin, Oleg Morozov

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Expanding the application areas of polymer composite materials with dispersed filler requires the development of technologies providing the required mechanical characteristics. One of these methods is based on forming a thin polymer shell on the surfaces of particles. At the same time, it is impossible to take into account the mechanical characteristics of a thin polymer shell due to its ultra-small thickness. The mechanical properties of the polymer shell can be determined only by indirect methods, and prior information can improve the adequacy of the properties determination. The method, which allows reducing the requirements for composite sample preparation, is proposed ...


Role Of Lepidium Sativum In Treating Diabetes And Managing Bodily Functions’ Disorders In Rats., Gehan El-Emary 2021 Zagazig University, Faculty of Technology and Development

Role Of Lepidium Sativum In Treating Diabetes And Managing Bodily Functions’ Disorders In Rats., Gehan El-Emary

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

: Lepidium sativum seed (LS) is a plant used globally for its medicinal effect in treating diabetes. This study examined the ability of an aqueous extract of LS to treat diabetes and manage disorders of bodily functions. It used 70 male Wistar rats, each weighing between 190 g and 200 g. Diabetes was established in the rats by injecting them with Alloxan Solution at 150 mg/kg of body weight. The rats were considered diabetic if, after 24 hours, their blood glucose levels were higher than 180 mg/dl. Diabetes caused severe alterations in their blood serum glucose (376.608 mg ...


Editorial Board, 2021 Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Editorial Board

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

No abstract provided.


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