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Posterior Approach To Kidney Dissection: An Old Surgical Approach For Integrated Medical Curricula, Frank J. Daly, David L. Bolender, Deepali Jain, Sheryl Uyeda, Todd M. Hoagland 2015 University of New England

Posterior Approach To Kidney Dissection: An Old Surgical Approach For Integrated Medical Curricula, Frank J. Daly, David L. Bolender, Deepali Jain, Sheryl Uyeda, Todd M. Hoagland

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications

Integrated medical curricular changes are altering the historical regional anatomy approach to abdominal dissection. The renal system is linked physiologically and biochemically to the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, yet anatomist often approach the urinary system as part of the abdomen and pelvic regions. As part of an integrated curriculum, the renal system must be covered relatively quickly after the thorax in the cadaver lab, often without the opportunity to fully appreciate the rest of the abdominal contents. This paper provides dissection instructions that follow the one of the historical surgical approaches for nephrectomy, including preservation of the posterior abdominal wall …


Urinary Dna Lesions As A Biomarker For Assessing Male Reproductive Health, Hueiwang Anna Jeng, Chih-Hung Pan, Chao Mu-Rong 2015 Old Dominion University

Urinary Dna Lesions As A Biomarker For Assessing Male Reproductive Health, Hueiwang Anna Jeng, Chih-Hung Pan, Chao Mu-Rong

Community & Environmental Health Faculty Publications

The study aimed to examine whether urinary 8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) could serve as a biomarker for assessing sperm DNA integrity. Urine and semen samples were collected from 124 coke-oven workers, who had chronically been exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), from a steel plant in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. The coke-oven workers were divided into two subgroups: topside-oven workers and side-oven workers. Sperm DNA integrity was assessed in terms of DNA fragmentation and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2’-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodGuo). Urine samples were used to detect 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) and urinary 8-OHdG, which served to assess exposure to PAHs and the whole body oxidative stress, respectively. Urinary 1-OHP concentrations …


Measurement Of 8-Oxo-7, 8-Dihydro-2' Deoxyguanosine In Human Semen And Urine By Isotope-Dilution Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry With On-Line Solid Phase Extraction: Comparison With A Commercial Available Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Hueiwang A. Jeng, Mu R. Chao, Ruei N. Li, Chih H. Pan, Wen Y. Lin 2015 Old Dominion University

Measurement Of 8-Oxo-7, 8-Dihydro-2' Deoxyguanosine In Human Semen And Urine By Isotope-Dilution Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry With On-Line Solid Phase Extraction: Comparison With A Commercial Available Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Hueiwang A. Jeng, Mu R. Chao, Ruei N. Li, Chih H. Pan, Wen Y. Lin

Community & Environmental Health Faculty Publications

This study aimed to assess the correlation between 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2’-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dGuo) in semen and urine, and to compare the analytical methods of the isotope-diluted liquid chromatograph-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) coupled with an on-line Solid-Phase Extraction (SPE) and commercial Enzyme- Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) used for detecting 8-oxo-dGuo as an oxidative DNA damage marker. Semen and urine samples were simultaneously collected from 85 apparently healthy human subjects. An optimized DNA extraction method was employed to extract DNA from sperm while minimizing oxidation of DNA. All of the biological samples were analyzed by LC-MS/MS and ELISA. All of the biological samples were detected …


Cyclooxygenase-2, Prostaglandin E2, And Prostanoid Receptor Ep2 In Fluid Flow Shear Stress-Mediated Injury In The Solitary Kidney., Tarak Srivastava, Uri S. Alon, Patricia A. Cudmore, Belal Tarakji, Alexander Kats, Robert E. Garola, R Scott Duncan, Ellen T. McCarthy, Ram Sharma, Mark L. Johnson, Lynda F. Bonewald, Ashraf El-Meanawy, Virginia J. Savin, Mukut Sharma 2014 Children's Mercy Hospital

Cyclooxygenase-2, Prostaglandin E2, And Prostanoid Receptor Ep2 In Fluid Flow Shear Stress-Mediated Injury In The Solitary Kidney., Tarak Srivastava, Uri S. Alon, Patricia A. Cudmore, Belal Tarakji, Alexander Kats, Robert E. Garola, R Scott Duncan, Ellen T. Mccarthy, Ram Sharma, Mark L. Johnson, Lynda F. Bonewald, Ashraf El-Meanawy, Virginia J. Savin, Mukut Sharma

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Hyperfiltration subjects podocytes to increased tensile stress and fluid flow shear stress (FFSS). We showed a 1.5- to 2.0-fold increase in FFSS in uninephrectomized animals and altered podocyte actin cytoskeleton and increased synthesis of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) following in vitro application of FFSS. We hypothesized that increased FFSS mediates cellular changes through specific receptors of PGE2. Presently, we studied the effect of FFSS on cultured podocytes and decapsulated isolated glomeruli in vitro, and on solitary kidney in uninephrectomized sv129 mice. In cultured podocytes, FFSS resulted in increased gene and protein expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 but not COX-1, prostanoid receptor EP2 …


Effect Of Age On Uterine And Ovarian Morphology With Polycystic Ovaries, Ambreen Usmani, Rehana Rehman, Aisha Qamar 2014 Bahria University

Effect Of Age On Uterine And Ovarian Morphology With Polycystic Ovaries, Ambreen Usmani, Rehana Rehman, Aisha Qamar

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Abstract

Objective: To measure the outcome of age on ovarian and uterine morphology in primary infertile women with

polycystic ovaries.

Methods: The observational cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2009 to March 2010, and the

subjects were recruited from Ziauddin Hospital, Nazimabad, Karachi. The primary infertile subjects with polycystic

ovaries were subdivided into two age groups:20-30 years (group I), and 31-40 years (group II). Both groups had equal

number of subjects. The ovarian volume, follicles count and size, uterine area and endometrial thickness were

determined by transabdominal and transvaginal scans. Shapiro-Wilk's test and Mann-Whitney test were applied,

with p<0.05 being significant.

Results: …


Inpp4b Suppresses Prostate Cancer Cell Invasion, Myles C. Hodgson, Elena I. Deryugina, Egla Suarez, Sandra M. Lopez, Dong Lin, Hui Xue, Ivan P. Gorlov 2014 Florida International University

Inpp4b Suppresses Prostate Cancer Cell Invasion, Myles C. Hodgson, Elena I. Deryugina, Egla Suarez, Sandra M. Lopez, Dong Lin, Hui Xue, Ivan P. Gorlov

Dartmouth Scholarship

INPP4B and PTEN dual specificity phosphatases are frequently lost during progression of prostate cancer to metastatic disease. We and others have previously shown that loss of INPP4B expression correlates with poor prognosis in multiple malignancies and with metastatic spread in prostate cancer.

We demonstrate that de novo expression of INPP4B in highly invasive human prostate carcinoma PC-3 cells suppresses their invasion both in vitro and in vivo. Using global gene expression analysis, we found that INPP4B regulates a number of genes associated with cell adhesion, the extracellular matrix, and the cytoskeleton. Importantly, de novo expressed INPP4B suppressed the proinflammatory chemokine …


Roles Of Dopamine Receptor On Chemosensory And Mechanosensory Primary Cilia In Renal Epithelial Cells, Viralkumar S. Upadhyay, Brian S. Muntean, Samred H. Kathem, Jangyoun J. Hwang, Wissam A. AbouAlaiwi, Surya M. Nauli 2014 University of Toledo

Roles Of Dopamine Receptor On Chemosensory And Mechanosensory Primary Cilia In Renal Epithelial Cells, Viralkumar S. Upadhyay, Brian S. Muntean, Samred H. Kathem, Jangyoun J. Hwang, Wissam A. Aboualaiwi, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Dopamine plays a number of important physiological roles. However, activation of dopamine receptor type-5 (DR5) and its effect in renal epithelial cells have not been studied. Here, we show for the first time that DR5 is localized to primary cilia of LLCPK kidney cells. Renal epithelial cilia are mechanosensory organelles that sense and respond to tubular fluid-flow in the kidney. To determine the roles of DR5 and sensory cilia, we used dopamine to non-selectively and fenoldopam to selectively activate ciliary DR5. Compared to mock treatment, dopamine treated cells significantly increases the length of cilia. Fenoldopam further increases the length of …


The Hormones Of The Placenta, Shaya Oratz 2014 Touro College

The Hormones Of The Placenta, Shaya Oratz

The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

The human pregnancy begins with fertilization and implantation. As the embryo evolves and develops within the uterus of the mother, the placenta is formed. The placenta is a transient organ that develops to meet and accommodate specific needs during pregnancy. Its two major functions are the exchange of nutrients and gases between the mother and fetus and its role as an endocrine unit. Through the production and release of many hormones the placenta works to regulate the many necessary physiological changes in the mother in order to maintain the pregnancy, meet the needs of the developing fetus and prepare the …


The Bivariate Erlang And Its Application In Modeling Recurrence Times Of Kidney Dialysis Data, Norou Diawara, S.H. Sathish Indika, Melva Grant, Edgard M. Maboudou-Tchao 2014 Old Dominion University

The Bivariate Erlang And Its Application In Modeling Recurrence Times Of Kidney Dialysis Data, Norou Diawara, S.H. Sathish Indika, Melva Grant, Edgard M. Maboudou-Tchao

Mathematics & Statistics Faculty Publications

Recent advances in computer modeling allows us to find closer fits to data. Our emphasis is on the interdependence between occurrence at kidney dialysis. The interdependence between kidney dialysis occurrences is modelled by a bivariate exponential that we propose in this article. The application is shown on the McGilchrist and Aisbett kidney data set with the use of the exponential distribution. The proposed bivariate exponential model has exponential marginal densities, correlated via a latent random variables and with finite probability of simultaneous occurrence. Extension of the model to a bivariate Erlang type distribution with same shape parameter is presented.


Fluid Flow Shear Stress Over Podocytes Is Increased In The Solitary Kidney., Tarak Srivastava, Gianni E. Celsi, Mukut Sharma, Hongying Dai, Ellen T. McCarthy, Melanie Ruiz, Patricia A. Cudmore, Uri S. Alon, Ram Sharma, Virginia A. Savin 2014 Children's Mercy Hospital

Fluid Flow Shear Stress Over Podocytes Is Increased In The Solitary Kidney., Tarak Srivastava, Gianni E. Celsi, Mukut Sharma, Hongying Dai, Ellen T. Mccarthy, Melanie Ruiz, Patricia A. Cudmore, Uri S. Alon, Ram Sharma, Virginia A. Savin

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Glomerular hyperfiltration is emerging as the key risk factor for progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Podocytes are exposed to fluid flow shear stress (FFSS) caused by the flow of ultrafiltrate within Bowman's space. The mechanism of hyperfiltration-induced podocyte injury is not clear. We postulated that glomerular hyperfiltration in solitary kidney increases FFSS over podocytes.

METHODS: Infant Sprague-Dawley rats at 5 days of age and C57BL/6J 14-week-old adult mice underwent unilateral nephrectomy. Micropuncture and morphological studies were then performed on 20- and 60-day-old rats. FFSS over podocytes in uninephrectomized rats and mice was calculated using the recently published equation …


American And Brazilian Children With Primary Urolithiasis: Similarities And Disparities., Maria Goretti Moreira Guimarães Penido, Marcelo de Sousa Tavares, Milena Maria Moreira Guimarães, Tarak Srivastava, Uri S. Alon 2014 Children's Mercy Hospital

American And Brazilian Children With Primary Urolithiasis: Similarities And Disparities., Maria Goretti Moreira Guimarães Penido, Marcelo De Sousa Tavares, Milena Maria Moreira Guimarães, Tarak Srivastava, Uri S. Alon

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Objectives. Considering the differences in location, socioeconomic background, and cultural background, the aim of this study was to try to identify possible factors associated with the increased incidence of urolithiasis by comparing American and Brazilian children with stones.
Methods. Data of 222 American and 190 Brazilian children with urolithiasis were reviewed including age, gender, body mass index, imaging technique used (ultrasound and computed tomography), and 24-hour urine volume and chemistries.
Results. There were no differences between age and gender at diagnosis. Brazilian children were leaner but in no population did obesity rate exceed that of the general population. Ultrasound was …


3,4,5-Trichloroaniline Nephrotoxicity In Vitro.Pdf, 2013 Selected Works

3,4,5-Trichloroaniline Nephrotoxicity In Vitro.Pdf

Deborah L Preston

Chloroanilines are widely used in the manufacture of drugs, pesticides and industrial intermediates. Among the trichloroanilines, 3,4,5-trichloroaniline (TCA) is the most potent nephrotoxicant in vivo. The purpose of this study was to examine the nephrotoxic potential of TCA in vitro and to determine if renal biotransformation and/or free radicals contributed to TCA cytotoxicity using isolated renal cortical cells (IRCC) from male Fischer 344 rats as the animal model. IRCC (~4 million cells/mL; 3 mL) were incubated with TCA (0, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5 or 1.0 mM) for 60–120 min. In some experiments, IRCC were pretreated with an antioxidant or a cytochrome …


Navigating Veterans With An Abnormal Prostate Cancer Screening Test: A Quasi-Experimental Study, Melissa A. Simon, Narissa J. Nonzee, June M. McKoy, Dachao Liu, Thanh Ha Luu, Peter Byer, Elizabeth A. Eklund, Elizabeth A. Richey 2013 Northwestern University

Navigating Veterans With An Abnormal Prostate Cancer Screening Test: A Quasi-Experimental Study, Melissa A. Simon, Narissa J. Nonzee, June M. Mckoy, Dachao Liu, Thanh Ha Luu, Peter Byer, Elizabeth A. Eklund, Elizabeth A. Richey

Dartmouth Scholarship

Prostate cancer disproportionately affects low-income and minority men. This study evaluates the impact of a patient navigation intervention on timeliness of diagnostic resolution and treatment initiation among veterans with an abnormal prostate cancer screen.MethodsParticipants were enrolled between 2006 and 2010. The intervention involved a social worker and lay health worker navigation team that assisted patients in overcoming barriers to care. For navigated (n = 245) versus control (n = 245) participants, we evaluated rates of diagnostic resolution and treatment and adjusted for race, age, and Gleason score.


Id4 Deficiency Attenuates Prostate Development And Promotes Pin-Like Lesions By Regulating Androgen Receptor Activity And Expression Of Nkx3.1 And Pten, Pankaj Sharma, Ashley Knowell, Swathi Chinaranagari, Shravan Komaragiri, Peri Nagappan, Divya Patel, Mathew C. Havrda, Jaideep Chaudhary 2013 Clark Atlanta University

Id4 Deficiency Attenuates Prostate Development And Promotes Pin-Like Lesions By Regulating Androgen Receptor Activity And Expression Of Nkx3.1 And Pten, Pankaj Sharma, Ashley Knowell, Swathi Chinaranagari, Shravan Komaragiri, Peri Nagappan, Divya Patel, Mathew C. Havrda, Jaideep Chaudhary

Dartmouth Scholarship

Background: Inhibitor of differentiation 4 (Id4), a member of the helix-loop-helix family of transcriptional regulators has emerged as a tumor suppressor in prostate cancer. Id4 is expressed in the normal prostate where its expression is also regulated by androgens. In this study we investigated the effect of loss of Id4 (Id4-/-) on adult prostate morphology. Methods: Histological analysis was performed on prostates from 6-8 weeks old Id4-/-, Id4+/- and Id4+/+ mice. Expression of Id1, Sox9, Myc, androgen receptor, Akt, p-Akt, Pten and Nkx3.1 was investigated by immunohistochemistry. Androgen receptor binding on NKX3.1 promoter was studied by chromatin immuno-precipitation. Id4 was …


Lps And Pan-Induced Podocyte Injury In An In Vitro Model Of Minimal Change Disease: Changes In Tlr Profile., Tarak Srivastava, Mukut Sharma, Kok-Hooi Yew, Ram Sharma, R Scott Duncan, Moin A. Saleem, Ellen T. McCarthy, Alexander Kats, Patricia A. Cudmore, Uri S. Alon, Christopher J. Harrison 2013 Children's Mercy Hospital

Lps And Pan-Induced Podocyte Injury In An In Vitro Model Of Minimal Change Disease: Changes In Tlr Profile., Tarak Srivastava, Mukut Sharma, Kok-Hooi Yew, Ram Sharma, R Scott Duncan, Moin A. Saleem, Ellen T. Mccarthy, Alexander Kats, Patricia A. Cudmore, Uri S. Alon, Christopher J. Harrison

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Minimal change disease (MCD), the most common idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in children, is characterized by proteinuria and loss of glomerular visceral epithelial cell (podocyte) ultrastructure. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) are used to study podocyte injury in models of MCD in vivo and in vitro. We hypothesized that LPS and PAN influence components of the innate immune system in podocytes such as the Toll-Like Receptor (TLRs), TLR adapter molecules, and associated cytokines. Our results show that cultured human podocytes constitutively express TLRs 1-6 and TLR-10, but not TLRs 7-9. LPS (25 μg/ml) or PAN (60 μg/ml) caused comparable derangement …


Renal Function And Proteinuria After Successful Immunosuppressive Therapies In Patients With Fsgs., Ronald J. Hogg, Aaron Friedman, Tom Greene, Milena Radeva, Milos N. Budisavljevic, Jennifer Gassman, Debbie S. Gipson, J Ashley Jefferson, Eunice G. John, Frederick J. Kaskel, Asha Moudgil, Marva Moxey-Mims, Luis A. Ortiz, Jeffrey R. Schelling, William Schnaper, Tarak Srivastava, Howard Trachtman, V Matti Vehaskari, Craig Wong, Robert P. Woronieki, Scott K. Van Why, Anna Zolotnitskaya 2013 Children's Mercy Hospital

Renal Function And Proteinuria After Successful Immunosuppressive Therapies In Patients With Fsgs., Ronald J. Hogg, Aaron Friedman, Tom Greene, Milena Radeva, Milos N. Budisavljevic, Jennifer Gassman, Debbie S. Gipson, J Ashley Jefferson, Eunice G. John, Frederick J. Kaskel, Asha Moudgil, Marva Moxey-Mims, Luis A. Ortiz, Jeffrey R. Schelling, William Schnaper, Tarak Srivastava, Howard Trachtman, V Matti Vehaskari, Craig Wong, Robert P. Woronieki, Scott K. Van Why, Anna Zolotnitskaya

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the FSGS Clinical Trial, 22 cyclosporine-treated and 20 mycophenolate/dexamethasone-treated patients experienced a complete or partial remission after 26 weeks, completed 52 weeks of treatment, and were studied through 78 weeks. Herein, changes in the urine protein/creatinine ratio (UP/C) and estimated GFR (eGFR) throughout the entire study period are defined.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: The FSGS Clinical Trial, which was conducted from November 2004 to January 2010, enrolled patients aged 2-40 years, with eGFR ≥40 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) and UP/C >1 mg/mg after ≥4 weeks of corticosteroid therapy. Both groups received lisinopril or losartan throughout …


The Roles Of Primary Cilia In Polycystic Kidney Disease, Samred H. Kathem, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Surya M. Nauli 2013 Chapman University

The Roles Of Primary Cilia In Polycystic Kidney Disease, Samred H. Kathem, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is an inherited genetic disorder that results in progressive renal cyst formation with ultimate loss of renal function and other systemic disorders. These systemic disorders include abnormalities in cardiovascular, portal, pancreatic and gastrointestinal systems. ADPKD is considered to be among the ciliopathy diseases due to the association with abnormal primary cilia function. In order to understand the full course of primary cilia and its association with ADPKD, the structure, functions and role of primary cilia have been meticulously investigated. As a result, the focus on primary cilia has emerged to support the vital roles …


Design Of A Prostate Cancer Patient Navigation Intervention For A Veterans Affairs Hospital, Narissa J. Nonzee, June M. McKoy, Alfred W. Rademaker, Peter Byer, Thanh H. Luu, Dachao Liu, Elizabeth A. Richey 2012 Northwestern University

Design Of A Prostate Cancer Patient Navigation Intervention For A Veterans Affairs Hospital, Narissa J. Nonzee, June M. Mckoy, Alfred W. Rademaker, Peter Byer, Thanh H. Luu, Dachao Liu, Elizabeth A. Richey

Dartmouth Scholarship

Patient navigation programs have been launched nationwide in an attempt to reduce racial/ethnic and socio-demographic disparities in cancer care, but few have evaluated outcomes in the prostate cancer setting. The National Cancer Institute-funded Chicago Patient Navigation Research Program (C-PNRP) aims to implement and evaluate the efficacy of a patient navigation intervention for predominantly low-income minority patients with an abnormal prostate cancer screening test at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital in Chicago.


The Effect Of Mechanical Force On Gene Expression Of Human Bladder Smooth Muscle Cells, Christopher A. Callan 2012 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

The Effect Of Mechanical Force On Gene Expression Of Human Bladder Smooth Muscle Cells, Christopher A. Callan

PCOM Biomedical Studies Student Scholarship

The purpose of this project is to define, at the molecular level, the process by which gene expression of the extracellular matrix is regulated by mechanical forces in the Human Bladder Smooth Muscle cells (BSMCs). The goal is to first localize several functionally distinct transmembrane proteins; Sarcoglycans (α, β, γ, δ and ε), cytoskeletal proteins Vimentin, and Desmin to verify their presence in the cultured BSMCs using fluorescent-labeled antibodies specific for each protein. The sarcoglycans are primarily responsible for transferring intracellular force generated by the interaction of actin and myosin while the extracellular proteins are responsible for linking the cells …


Primary Cilia Regulates The Directional Migration And Barrier Integrity Of Endothelial Cells Through The Modulation Of Hsp27 Dependent Actin Cytoskeletal Organization, Thomas J. Jones, Ravi K. Adapala, Werner J. Geldenhuys, Chris Bursley, Wissam A. AbouAlaiwi, Surya M. Nauli, Charles K. Thodeti 2012 Northeastern University

Primary Cilia Regulates The Directional Migration And Barrier Integrity Of Endothelial Cells Through The Modulation Of Hsp27 Dependent Actin Cytoskeletal Organization, Thomas J. Jones, Ravi K. Adapala, Werner J. Geldenhuys, Chris Bursley, Wissam A. Aboualaiwi, Surya M. Nauli, Charles K. Thodeti

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Cilia are mechanosensing organelles that communicate extracellular signals into intracellular responses. Altered functions of primary cilia play a key role in the development of various diseases including polycystic kidney disease. Here, we show that endothelial cells from the oak ridge polycystic kidney (Tg737orpk/orpk) mouse, with impaired cilia assembly, exhibit a reduction in the actin stress fibers and focal adhesions compared to wild type. In contrast, endothelial cells from polycystin-1 deficient mice (pkd1null/null), with impaired cilia function, display robust stress fibers and focal adhesion assembly. We found that the Tg737orpk/orpk cells exhibit impaired directional migration and endothelial cell monolayer permeability compared …


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