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Improving Techniques To Study Equine Cervical Mucociliary Clearance, Melissa A. Hawkes 2018 University of Maine

Improving Techniques To Study Equine Cervical Mucociliary Clearance, Melissa A. Hawkes

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Bacterial uterine infections inflict major losses on the equine breeding industry. These infections usually arise from bacteria introduced at breeding. Micro-currents propelled by ciliated cells between the folds of the uterus and cervix have been proposed as a means by which contaminants are expelled. Previous data have shown possible ciliary micro-currents propelling carbon particles, occasionally rotating, through cervical folds. However, adherence to the epithelium may have interfered with movement of carbon in these studies. Therefore, we tested potentially non-adherent substances to reveal ciliary micro-currents on the equine cervix under high magnification video-endoscopy. We hypothesized that polyethylene green microspheres 1 - …


Identifying What Matters To Hysterectomy Patients: Postsurgery Perceptions, Beliefs, And Experiences, Andrew S. Bossick, Roopina Sangha, Heather Olden, Gwen L. Alexander, Ganesa Wegienka 2018 Henry Ford Health System

Identifying What Matters To Hysterectomy Patients: Postsurgery Perceptions, Beliefs, And Experiences, Andrew S. Bossick, Roopina Sangha, Heather Olden, Gwen L. Alexander, Ganesa Wegienka

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Hysterectomy is the most common nonobstetrical surgery for women in the United States. Few investigations comparing hysterectomy surgical approaches include patient-centered outcomes.

Methods: The study was performed at Henry Ford Health System (Detroit, MI) between February 2015 and May 2015. A total of 1,038 eligible women — those 18 to 65 years of age and who had an electronic medical record-documented Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code or an International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition (ICD-9) code of hysterectomy between December 2012 and December 2014 — were selected and recruited. A question guide was developed to investigate …


The Needs Of Women Treated For Ovarian Cancer: Results From A #Gyncsm Twitter Chat, Teresa Hagan Thomas, Karin Nauth-Shelley, Michael A. Thompson, Deanna J. Attai, Matthew S. Katz, David Graham, Dee Sparacio, Christina Lizaso, Audun Utengen, Don S. Dizon 2018 University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing

The Needs Of Women Treated For Ovarian Cancer: Results From A #Gyncsm Twitter Chat, Teresa Hagan Thomas, Karin Nauth-Shelley, Michael A. Thompson, Deanna J. Attai, Matthew S. Katz, David Graham, Dee Sparacio, Christina Lizaso, Audun Utengen, Don S. Dizon

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Ovarian cancer is the most fatal of all gynecologic cancers, with a high relapse rate regardless of stage. Women treated for ovarian cancer, therefore, likely have supportive care needs that extend well beyond the time frame of first-line therapy. Unfortunately, there is minimal data describing these needs. The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand the supportive care needs of women with ovarian care at the end of treatment.

Methods: To better understand the issues faced by women with ovarian cancer, we conducted a public Twitter chat in collaboration with gynecologic cancer social media (#gyncsm). Both quantitative and …


Hla-Dqa1 And Apol1 As Risk Loci For Childhood-Onset Steroid-Sensitive And Steroid-Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome., Adebowale Adeyemo, Christopher Esezobor, Adaobi Solarin, Asiri Abeyagunawardena, Jameela A. Kari, Sherif El Desoky, Larry A. Greenbaum, Margret Kamel, Mahmoud Kallash, Cynthia Silva, Alex Young, Tracey E. Hunley, Nilka de Jesus-Gonzalez, Tarak Srivastava, Rasheed Gbadegesin 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Hla-Dqa1 And Apol1 As Risk Loci For Childhood-Onset Steroid-Sensitive And Steroid-Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome., Adebowale Adeyemo, Christopher Esezobor, Adaobi Solarin, Asiri Abeyagunawardena, Jameela A. Kari, Sherif El Desoky, Larry A. Greenbaum, Margret Kamel, Mahmoud Kallash, Cynthia Silva, Alex Young, Tracey E. Hunley, Nilka De Jesus-Gonzalez, Tarak Srivastava, Rasheed Gbadegesin

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Background: Few data exist for the genetic variants underlying the risk for steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) in children. The objectives of this study were to evaluate HLA-DQA1 and APOL1 variants as risk factors for SSNS in African American children and use classic HLA antigen types and amino acid inference to refine the HLA-DQA1 association.

Study design: Case-control study.

Setting & participants: African American children with SSNS or steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) were enrolled from Duke University and centers participating in the Midwest Pediatric Nephrology Consortium.

Factor: Genetic variants in HLA-DQA1 (C34Y [rs1129740]; F41S [rs1071630]) and APOL1 high-risk alleles.

Outcomes: SSNS …


An Adult With A Remnant Urachus Anomaly Diagnosed In The Emergency Department., Alan Lucerna, James Lee, James Espinosa, Risha Hertz, Victor Scali 2018 Rowan University

An Adult With A Remnant Urachus Anomaly Diagnosed In The Emergency Department., Alan Lucerna, James Lee, James Espinosa, Risha Hertz, Victor Scali

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

The urachus is a midline tubular structure that stretches from the apex of the bladder and connects to the umbilicus. Urachal remnants result from incomplete regression of the fetal urachus in infancy. We report the case of a 21-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with purulent drainage from his umbilicus in association with a chronic intermittent "pulling sensation" in the umbilicus and suprapubic areas. An infected urachal remnant was diagnosed and was treated with an oral antibiotic and ultimately with outpatient excision of the remnant. Such cases are rare but have the potential to progress to sepsis. In …


Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber 2017 DePaul University

Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Since medical evidence supports both pros and cons of routine neonatal male circumcision, expectant and new parents are left to make the decision to circumcise their sons on their own. There is limited research as to why American parents choose to circumcise their newborn sons.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to identify the reasons behind parental decision making in neonatal male circumcision in the United States. Understanding motivating factors in parental decision-making can highlight areas of prenatal education for expectant parents.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted utilizing these online databases: PubMed, The Cumulative …


Robustness Of A Newly Proposed Risk Schema For Lymphatic Dissemination In Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer, Danielle M. Greer, Jessica J.F. Kram, Callie M. Cox Bauer, Scott A. Kamelle 2017 Aurora University of Wisconsin Medical Group; Center for Urban Population Health

Robustness Of A Newly Proposed Risk Schema For Lymphatic Dissemination In Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer, Danielle M. Greer, Jessica J.F. Kram, Callie M. Cox Bauer, Scott A. Kamelle

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Surgical management for endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) includes complete lymph node dissection for all patients at risk of lymphatic dissemination. The standard risk schema, defined by Mayo Clinic, identifies low-risk patients as those with grade 1/2 EEC, myometrial invasion (MI) ≤ 50%, and tumor diameter (TD) ≤ 2 cm. We recently proposed (and published) a risk schema containing modified forms of grade, MI and TD that suggests a significant decrease in false-negative rate and need for lymphadenectomy in low-risk women.

Purpose: Evaluate robustness of our proposed schema for lymphatic dissemination risk stratification in a subsequent EEC patient cohort.

Methods: …


Maternal Intuition Of Fetal Gender, Michael McFadzen, David P. Dielentheis, Ronda Kasten, Maharaj Singh, Joe Grundle 2017 Obstetrics/Gynecology, Aurora Sheboygan Clinic, Aurora Health Care

Maternal Intuition Of Fetal Gender, Michael Mcfadzen, David P. Dielentheis, Ronda Kasten, Maharaj Singh, Joe Grundle

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Fetal gender speculation is a preoccupation of many expecting parents, and pregnant women commonly profess to intuitively know the gender of their unborn babies. This study objectively compared pregnant mothers’ perceptions of fetal gender to sonographically proven gender determinations. Also, success rates from previously published studies, noninvasive prenatal testing and a myriad of gender determination methods were observed and reported for context.

Methods: All pregnant women presenting for second-trimester screening ultrasound (at 17–23 weeks gestation) in the obstetrics department of a single health center were asked to participate. A medical sonographer described the ultrasound examination, obtained appropriate consent and …


Is It Really Possible To Enlarge The Penis Naturally With Exercises.Docx, David Trust 2017 Andrology Institute

Is It Really Possible To Enlarge The Penis Naturally With Exercises.Docx, David Trust

David Trust

According to studies over the years, approximately 90 to 95% of men are not comfortable with the size of their penis. Despite all the polemics, it is known that 90% of penises are the same length when erect, around 15 centimetres. But, no man is completely satisfied with belonging only to that part of the "average", they always want a little more.
Currently, there is a lot of information about penis enlargement, and there are also several methods that claim to be effective at increasing penis enlargement. We will show you the most popular methods to increase the length …


Chat Expression In Chlamydia Muridarum-Infected Female Murine Genital Tract, Hallie Sartain 2017 East Tennessee State University

Chat Expression In Chlamydia Muridarum-Infected Female Murine Genital Tract, Hallie Sartain

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Chlamydia trachomatis is the most prevalent agent of bacterial sexually transmitted infections in the world. However, a profuse number of cases are unreported, as the infection is often asymptomatic. Sequelae such as pelvic inflammatory disease, an increased risk of cervical cancer, premature birth, and perinatal infections in pregnant women can occur. Inflammation occurs in the body in response to infection or injury. Although inflammation can lead to some unwanted secondary effects, such as pain, it serves to return the body to homeostasis by restoring injured tissues and eliminating pathogens. One recently identified connection between the central nervous system and the …


Role Of Biomechanical Forces In Hyperfiltration-Mediated Glomerular Injury In Congenital Anomalies Of The Kidney And Urinary Tract., Tarak Srivastava, Ganesh Thiagarajan, Uri S. Alon, Ram Sharma, Ashraf El-Meanawy, Ellen T. McCarthy, Virginia J. Savin, Mukut Sharma 2017 Children's Mercy Hospital

Role Of Biomechanical Forces In Hyperfiltration-Mediated Glomerular Injury In Congenital Anomalies Of The Kidney And Urinary Tract., Tarak Srivastava, Ganesh Thiagarajan, Uri S. Alon, Ram Sharma, Ashraf El-Meanawy, Ellen T. Mccarthy, Virginia J. Savin, Mukut Sharma

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) including solitary kidney constitute the main cause of progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children. Children born with CAKUT develop signs of CKD only during adolescence and do not respond to renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers. Early cellular changes underlying CKD progression to end-stage renal disease by early adulthood are not well understood. The mechanism of maladaptive hyperfiltration that occurs from loss of functional nephrons, including solitary kidney, is not clear. We re-examine the phenomenon of hyperfiltration in the context of biomechanical forces with special reference to glomerular podocytes. Capillary stretch exerts tensile …


Multiple Targets For Novel Therapy Of Fsgs Associated With Circulating Permeability Factor., Virginia J. Savin, Mukut Sharma, Jianping Zhou, David Genochi, Ram Sharma, Tarak Srivastava, Amna Ilahe, Pooja Budhiraja, Aditi Gupta, Ellen T. McCarthy 2017 Children's Mercy Hospital

Multiple Targets For Novel Therapy Of Fsgs Associated With Circulating Permeability Factor., Virginia J. Savin, Mukut Sharma, Jianping Zhou, David Genochi, Ram Sharma, Tarak Srivastava, Amna Ilahe, Pooja Budhiraja, Aditi Gupta, Ellen T. Mccarthy

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

A plasma component is responsible for altered glomerular permeability in patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Evidence includes recurrence after renal transplantation, remission after plasmapheresis, proteinuria in infants of affected mothers, transfer of proteinuria to experimental animals, and impaired glomerular permeability after exposure to patient plasma. Therapy may include decreasing synthesis of the injurious agent, removing or blocking its interaction with cells, or blocking signaling or enhancing cell defenses to restore the permeability barrier and prevent progression. Agents that may prevent the synthesis of the permeability factor include cytotoxic agents or aggressive chemotherapy. Extracorporeal therapies include plasmapheresis, immunoadsorption with protein A …


Proteomic Profiling Of Serum Derived Exosomes From Prostate Cancer Patients, David Turay 2016 Loma Linda University

Proteomic Profiling Of Serum Derived Exosomes From Prostate Cancer Patients, David Turay

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Touted among the major achievements in the diagnosis and management of Prostate cancer (PCa) in the past few decades has been, the dramatic decline of men with advanced/metastatic PCa at diagnosis coupled with a significant improvement ( >90%) in the five and ten year survival rates of the disease. Non-palpable PCa (potentially clinically treatable disease) now accounts for 70-80% of all newly diagnosed cases of PCa. Preceding these changes by about a decade was the introduction of Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) into clinical practice; first as biomarker for monitoring response to therapy and subsequently as a complementary screening tool. It …


Current And Past Menstrual Status Is An Important Determinant Of Femoral Neck Geometry In Exercising Women, Rebecca J. Mallinson, Nancy I. Williams, Jenna C. Gibbs, Karsten Koehler, Heather C.M. Allaway, Emily Southmayd, M. J. De Souza 2016 The Pennsylvania State University

Current And Past Menstrual Status Is An Important Determinant Of Femoral Neck Geometry In Exercising Women, Rebecca J. Mallinson, Nancy I. Williams, Jenna C. Gibbs, Karsten Koehler, Heather C.M. Allaway, Emily Southmayd, M. J. De Souza

Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences: Faculty Publications

Menstrual status, both past and current, has been established as an important determinant of bone mineral density (BMD) in young exercising women. However, little is known regarding the association between the cumulative effect of menstrual status and indices of bone health beyond BMD, such as bone geometry and estimated bone strength.

Purpose: This study explores the association between cumulative menstrual status and indices of bone health assessed using dualenergy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), including femoral neck geometry and strength and areal BMD (aBMD), in exercising women.

Methods: 101 exercising women (22.0 ± 0.4 years, BMI 21.0 ± 0.2 kg/m2, 520±40 min/week …


Medical Help-Seeking For Sexual Concerns In Prostate Cancer Survivors, Melissa K. Hyde, Leah Zajdlewicz, Addie C. Wootten, Christian J. Nelson, Anthony Lowe, Jeff Dunn, Suzanne K. Chambers 2016 Edith Cowan University

Medical Help-Seeking For Sexual Concerns In Prostate Cancer Survivors, Melissa K. Hyde, Leah Zajdlewicz, Addie C. Wootten, Christian J. Nelson, Anthony Lowe, Jeff Dunn, Suzanne K. Chambers

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Introduction: Although sexual dysfunction is common after prostate cancer, men's decisions to seek help for sexual concerns are not well understood.

Aim: Describe predictors of actual prior help-seeking and intended future medical help-seeking for sexual dysfunction in prostate cancer survivors.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 510 prostate cancer survivors assessed masculine beliefs, attitudes, support/approval from partner/peer networks (subjective norm), and perceived control as predictors of medical help-seeking for sexual concerns. A theory of planned behavior (TPB) perspective was used to examine actual prior and planned future behavior and contributing factors. Statistical analyses included multiple and logistic regressions.

Main Outcome Measures: …


Renal And Cardiovascular Morbidities Associated With Apol1 Status Among African-American And Non-African-American Children With Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis., Robert P. Woroniecki, Derek K. Ng, Sophie Limou, Cheryl A. Winkler, Kimberly J. Reidy, Mark Mitsnefes, Matthew G. Sampson, Craig S. Wong, Bradley A. Warady, Susan L. Furth, Jeffrey B. Kopp, Frederick J. Kaskel 2016 Children's Mercy Hospital

Renal And Cardiovascular Morbidities Associated With Apol1 Status Among African-American And Non-African-American Children With Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis., Robert P. Woroniecki, Derek K. Ng, Sophie Limou, Cheryl A. Winkler, Kimberly J. Reidy, Mark Mitsnefes, Matthew G. Sampson, Craig S. Wong, Bradley A. Warady, Susan L. Furth, Jeffrey B. Kopp, Frederick J. Kaskel

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: African-American (AA) children with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) have later onset disease that progresses more rapidly than in non-AA children. It is unclear how APOL1 genotypes contribute to kidney disease risk, progression, and cardiovascular morbidity in children.

DESIGN SETTING PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: We examined the prevalence of APOL1 genotypes and associated cardiovascular phenotypes among children with FSGS in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) study; an ongoing multicenter prospective cohort study of children aged 1-16 years with mild to moderate kidney disease.

RESULTS: A total of 140 AA children in the CKiD study were genotyped. High …


Gating Of The Polycystin Ion Channel Signaling Complex In Neurons And Kidney Cells, Patrick Delmas, Surya Nauli, Xiaogang Li, Bertrand Coste, Nancy Osorio, Marcel Crest, David Brown, Jing Zhou 2015 IFR Jean Roche

Gating Of The Polycystin Ion Channel Signaling Complex In Neurons And Kidney Cells, Patrick Delmas, Surya Nauli, Xiaogang Li, Bertrand Coste, Nancy Osorio, Marcel Crest, David Brown, Jing Zhou

David C. Brown

Mutations in either polycystin-2 (PC2) or polycystin-1 (PC1) proteins cause severe, potentially lethal, kidney disorders and multiple extrarenal (including brain) disease phenotypes. PC2, a member of the transient receptor potential channel superfamily, and PC1, an orphan membrane receptor of largely unknown function, are thought to be part of a common signaling pathway. Here, we show that in rat sympathetic neurons and kidney cells, coassembly of full-length PC1 with PC2 forms a plasmalemmal ion channel signaling complex in which PC1 stimulation simultaneously activates PC2 ion channels and G(i/o)-proteins. PC2 activation occurs through a structural rearrangement of PC1, independent of G-protein activation. …


Microrna Molecular Profiling From Matched Tumor And Bio-Fluids In Bladder Cancer, David A. Armstrong, Benjamin B. Green, John D. Seigne, Alan R. Schned, Carmen Marsit 2015 Dartmouth College

Microrna Molecular Profiling From Matched Tumor And Bio-Fluids In Bladder Cancer, David A. Armstrong, Benjamin B. Green, John D. Seigne, Alan R. Schned, Carmen Marsit

Dartmouth Scholarship

MicroRNAs have been identified as potential cancer biomarkers due to their presence and stability in many body fluids including urine and plasma, but the relationship of the pattern of expression of these messengers across various biological media has not been addressed and could provide important information in order to translate these biomarkers for epidemiologic or clinical use. We analyzed microRNA of matched FFPE-tumor tissue, plasma, urine exosomes (n = 16) and WBCs (n = 11) from patients with bladder cancer, using Nanostring miRNA assays and droplet digital PCR for validation. Pearson correlations were used to compare expression between …


Hla-Dqa1 And Plcg2 Are Candidate Risk Loci For Childhood-Onset Steroid-Sensitive Nephrotic Syndrome., Rasheed A. Gbadegesin, Adebowale Adeyemo, Nicholas J A Webb, Larry A A. Greenbaum, Asiri Abeyagunawardena, Shenal Thalgahagoda, Arundhati Kale, Debbie Gipson, Tarak Srivastava, Jen-Jar Lin, Deepa Chand, Tracy E. Hunley, Patrick D. Brophy, Arvind Bagga, Aditi Sinha, Michelle N. Rheault, Joanna Ghali, Kathy Nicholls, Elizabeth Abraham, Halima S. Janjua, Abiodun Omoloja, Gina-Marie Barletta, Yi Cai, David D. Milford, Catherine O'Brien, Atif Awan, Vladimir Belostotsky, William E. Smoyer, Alison Homstad, Gentzon Hall, Guanghong Wu, Shashi Nagaraj, Delbert Wigfall, John Foreman, Michelle P. Winn, Mid-West Pediatric Nephrology Consortium 2015 Children's Mercy Hospital

Hla-Dqa1 And Plcg2 Are Candidate Risk Loci For Childhood-Onset Steroid-Sensitive Nephrotic Syndrome., Rasheed A. Gbadegesin, Adebowale Adeyemo, Nicholas J A Webb, Larry A A. Greenbaum, Asiri Abeyagunawardena, Shenal Thalgahagoda, Arundhati Kale, Debbie Gipson, Tarak Srivastava, Jen-Jar Lin, Deepa Chand, Tracy E. Hunley, Patrick D. Brophy, Arvind Bagga, Aditi Sinha, Michelle N. Rheault, Joanna Ghali, Kathy Nicholls, Elizabeth Abraham, Halima S. Janjua, Abiodun Omoloja, Gina-Marie Barletta, Yi Cai, David D. Milford, Catherine O'Brien, Atif Awan, Vladimir Belostotsky, William E. Smoyer, Alison Homstad, Gentzon Hall, Guanghong Wu, Shashi Nagaraj, Delbert Wigfall, John Foreman, Michelle P. Winn, Mid-West Pediatric Nephrology Consortium

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) accounts for >80% of cases of nephrotic syndrome in childhood. However, the etiology and pathogenesis of SSNS remain obscure. Hypothesizing that coding variation may underlie SSNS risk, we conducted an exome array association study of SSNS. We enrolled a discovery set of 363 persons (214 South Asian children with SSNS and 149 controls) and genotyped them using the Illumina HumanExome Beadchip. Four common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in HLA-DQA1 and HLA-DQB1 (rs1129740, rs9273349, rs1071630, and rs1140343) were significantly associated with SSNS at or near the Bonferroni-adjusted P value for the number of single variants that were …


Interstitial Cystitis: The Estrogen Connection, Heather G. Kuruvilla 2015 Cedarville University

Interstitial Cystitis: The Estrogen Connection, Heather G. Kuruvilla

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Interstitial cystitis (IC), or painful bladder syndrome, is an autoimmune condition with an unknown etiology. Common symptoms include urinary urgency, frequency, and bladder and urethral pain and burning. This condition, like many autoimmune disorders, disproportionately affects females; therefore, female sex hormones are hypothesized to play a role in the disorder. My hypothesis is that estrogen, both endogenous and synthetic, affects the severity of IC symptoms. Through surveying the available literature on interstitial cystitis, I have found that IC symptoms often correlate with low estrogen. My hope is that by understanding more about how hormones affect IC, we can come up …


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