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Effect Of Soil-Applied Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase Inhibitor Herbicides On Soybean Seedling Disease, Nicholas J. Arneson 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Effect Of Soil-Applied Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase Inhibitor Herbicides On Soybean Seedling Disease, Nicholas J. Arneson

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Seedling disease is one the most economically important diseases of soybean in the United States. It is commonly caused by Fusarium spp., Rhizoctonia solani, Pythium spp., and Phytophthora sojae, alone, or together as a disease complex. Fungicide seed treatments continue to provide the most consistent management of seedling diseases. Soil-applied protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPO) inhibitor herbicides are used preemergence in soybean production to manage several broadleaf weeds. Applications of PPO-inhibitors can result in phytotoxic injury to soybean when environmental conditions are not favorable for soybean growth. These environmental conditions can favor seedling disease development as well. In this thesis, two studies ...


Integrated Management Of Phytophthora Stem And Root Rot Of Soybean And The Effect Of Soil-Applied Herbicides On Seedling Disease Incidence, Vinicius Castelli Garnica 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Integrated Management Of Phytophthora Stem And Root Rot Of Soybean And The Effect Of Soil-Applied Herbicides On Seedling Disease Incidence, Vinicius Castelli Garnica

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Soybean seedling diseases and Phytophthora stem and root rot (PSRR; caused by Phytophthora sojae) are two of the most economically important diseases in North Central U.S. Remarkable differences in disease incidence occur each year, which demonstrate that abiotic and biotic factors must interact for disease onset and development. During 2017 and 2018, field studies were conducted to (i) address the efficacy of seed treatment and genetic resistance for PSRR management on soybean population, canopy coverage (CC), and yield, and (ii) investigate potential interactions between pre-emergence (PRE) herbicides and the incidence of seedling diseases in alluvial soils in Nebraska.

Despite ...


Evaluation Of Crop Tolerance And Weed Control In Corn And Grain Sorghum With Atrazine Replacements, Jacob Thomas Richburg 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Evaluation Of Crop Tolerance And Weed Control In Corn And Grain Sorghum With Atrazine Replacements, Jacob Thomas Richburg

Theses and Dissertations

Atrazine is a foundational herbicide for weed control in both corn (Zea mays L.) and grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] production. However, studies have shown that while atrazine may be an effective herbicide for preemergence and postemergence control of weeds, it also has risks. The low Koc of atrazine as well as its extensive use over the past 50 years have led it to become the most common groundwater contaminant near agricultural soils. Given these findings, atrazine has faced severe scrutiny while under consideration for reregistration. In the event that atrazine is not reregistered, corn and grain sorghum producers ...


Assessment Of Control Of Ppo-Resistant Palmer Amaranth And Salvage Options In Herbicide-Resistant Cotton, Wyatt D. Coffman 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Assessment Of Control Of Ppo-Resistant Palmer Amaranth And Salvage Options In Herbicide-Resistant Cotton, Wyatt D. Coffman

Theses and Dissertations

Palmer amaranth has been the most limiting weed in cotton production in the state of Arkansas for many years. Recently, resistance of Palmer amaranth to the protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPO)-inhibiting site of action has been discovered at various locations across the cotton-producing region of the state. Cotton varieties have been developed with resistance to synthetic auxin (WSSA Group 4) herbicides. However, research to date has shown PPO-resistant Palmer amaranth to be more difficult to control with herbicides that target alternative sites of action. Herbicide efficacy is also known to vary with weed size, varying spray parameters, and environmental conditions. Preliminary ...


Mulch Treatment Effect On Weed Biomass And Yields Of Organic Sweetpotato Cultivars, Sochinwechi I Nwosisi, Dilip Nandwani, Dafeng Hui 2019 Tennessee State University

Mulch Treatment Effect On Weed Biomass And Yields Of Organic Sweetpotato Cultivars, Sochinwechi I Nwosisi, Dilip Nandwani, Dafeng Hui

Biology Faculty Research

Weeds are a challenge, particularly in organic agriculture, due to restrictions on the application of synthetic herbicides and chemicals. A preliminary cultivar evaluation trial of organic sweetpotato was conducted in 2015 at Tennessee State University certified organic farm. Three mulches: wheat straw, pine needle, and black plastic mulch, along with a control (no mulch), were evaluated for their weed management abilities in a sweetpotato field. Four cultivars of sweetpotato were planted in 0.91 m wide mulch beds with 0.3 m row spacing anddrip irrigated with four replications. Data was collected during the growing season on the dry weight ...


Assessment Of Soil Particle Size Distribution Under Four Land Covers In Nachusa Grasslands Of Northern Illinois, Reni Truhtcheva Owikoti, Diana Acosta, Markeia Scruggs, Xiaoyong Chen 2019 Biology Program, CAS, Governors State University

Assessment Of Soil Particle Size Distribution Under Four Land Covers In Nachusa Grasslands Of Northern Illinois, Reni Truhtcheva Owikoti, Diana Acosta, Markeia Scruggs, Xiaoyong Chen

GSU Research Day

Soil particle composition is one of the main physical properties of soil that affects soil fertility and quality. The fractal dimension of soil particle size distribution (PSD) can be used to quantitatively evaluate the particle composition of soils. Land cover change with corresponding management practices is recognized as one important driving force affecting soil PSD alterations. The objective of this project was to determine the changes in soil PSD under four plant covers (Woodland, Wetland, Prairie, and Savannah) at the Nachusa Grasslands in North Illinois. The soil PSD was determined by their settling rates in an aqueous solution using hydrometer ...


Eating Some Invasive Species Could Help To Mitigate The Impacts Of Climate Change-Related Invasions, And May Increase Future Food Security, Jesse Bull Saffeir 2019 SIT Study Abroad

Eating Some Invasive Species Could Help To Mitigate The Impacts Of Climate Change-Related Invasions, And May Increase Future Food Security, Jesse Bull Saffeir

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Climate change is predicted to increase the spread and abundance of invasive species and to erode global food security. I hypothesized that by incorporating edible invasive species into local food sheds, these two problems could help to mitigate each other. I set out to answer two questions: could eating invasive species reduce their spread and abundance? And could eating invasive species minimize the impacts of climate-change related food shocks? To answer these questions, I surveyed the existing literature on human consumption of invasive species, created a list of criteria that make an invasive species suitable for management through human consumption ...


Strategies To Overcome Antagonism Of Quizalofop-P-Ethyl When Applied In Mixture With Other Herbicides, Lucas C. Webster 2019 Louisiana State University

Strategies To Overcome Antagonism Of Quizalofop-P-Ethyl When Applied In Mixture With Other Herbicides, Lucas C. Webster

LSU Master's Theses

A field study was conducted in 2017 and 2018 at the LSU Agricultural Center H. Rouse Caffey Rice Research Station (RRS) near Crowley, LA. to evaluate the influence of different adjuvants in overcoming the antagonism of quizalofop when mixed with bispyribac in Louisiana rice production. The antagonism of quizalofop mixed with bispyribac plus HCOC at 14 DAIT was overcome with a neutral interaction observed at 28 DAIT for barnyardgrass control with an observed control of 91%, compared with an expected control of 97%. The addition of COC, SNS or HCOC into a mixture of quizalofop plus bispyribac provided synergistic or ...


Using Drones For Precision Agriculture, Jiyul Chang, Madhav P. Nepal 2019 South Dakota State University

Using Drones For Precision Agriculture, Jiyul Chang, Madhav P. Nepal

iLEARN Teaching Resources

In this teaching module, students will learn what Precision Agriculture is and how to apply drone into Precision Agriculture practices. To use data (images) taken by drone, students will learn the basic theory of Remote Sensing. Using images, students learn how to make NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) maps and how to apply drone (remote sensing technique) in agriculture.


Farmer Attitudes Toward Cooperative Approaches To Herbicide Resistance Management: A Common Pool Ecosystem Service Challenge, David E. Ervin, Elise H. Breshears, George B. Frisvold, Terrance M. Hurley, Katherine E. Dentzman, Jeffrey L. Gunsolus, Raymond A. Jussaume, Micheal D. K. Owen, Jason Norsworthy, Mustofa Mahmud Al Mamun, Wesley Everman 2019 Portland State University

Farmer Attitudes Toward Cooperative Approaches To Herbicide Resistance Management: A Common Pool Ecosystem Service Challenge, David E. Ervin, Elise H. Breshears, George B. Frisvold, Terrance M. Hurley, Katherine E. Dentzman, Jeffrey L. Gunsolus, Raymond A. Jussaume, Micheal D. K. Owen, Jason Norsworthy, Mustofa Mahmud Al Mamun, Wesley Everman

Environmental Science and Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Dramatic growth in herbicide-resistant (HR) weeds in the United States threatens farm profitability and may undercut environmentally beneficial farming practices. When HR weeds move across farm boundaries due to ecological processes or human action, a common pool resource challenge emerges, requiring farmer cooperation to manage such weeds effectively. We investigate the scope for cooperative management using responses to a national survey on HR weed issues to test a recursive model of three preconditions for collective action: (1) concern about HR weeds migrating from nearby lands; (2) communication with neighbors about HR weeds; and (3) belief that cooperation is necessary for ...


Quantifying Signpost Usage By Captive Male White-Tailed Deer, Cassie L. Auxt, Eric S. Michel, Jonathan A. Jenks 2019 South Dakota State University

Quantifying Signpost Usage By Captive Male White-Tailed Deer, Cassie L. Auxt, Eric S. Michel, Jonathan A. Jenks

The Prairie Naturalist

White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) use rubbing of signpost structures to communicate during the breeding season. Rubbing of signpost structures allows deer to communicate via visual and chemical cues, which allows them to establish dominance hierarchies and maintain hierarchal status throughout the breeding season (Moore and Marchinton 1974, Miller et al. 1981, Hewitt 2011). Once a living tree is rubbed, the exposed light-colored sapwood creates a stark contrast in wooded areas, increasing visibility and further enticing deer to investigate the structure (Oehler et al. 1995). Anatomically, the tubular apocrine sudoriferous glands of white-tailed deer are located at the antler base on ...


Anthem Maxx Tank Mixture Comparisons In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier 2019 Kansas State University

Anthem Maxx Tank Mixture Comparisons In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The use of multiple herbicide modes of action in single versus sequential applications was examined for efficacy in corn. Common sunflower control was complete with all early postemergence and postemergence herbicides late in the season. Control of Russian thistle, Palmer amaranth, and green foxtail were 95% or more with all early postemergence and postemergence herbicides except Halex GT. All herbicide treatments increased grain yield 15–33% compared to the nontreated controls except Halex GT applied early postemergence.


Biology And Control Of Amaranthus Palmeri In Glycine Max, Tyler Vreugdenhil 2019 Iowa State University

Biology And Control Of Amaranthus Palmeri In Glycine Max, Tyler Vreugdenhil

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Effective Herbicide Options For Controlling Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybean, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert, D. E. Peterson, C. L. Minihan, P. W. Stahlman 2019 Kansas State University

Effective Herbicide Options For Controlling Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybean, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert, D. E. Peterson, C. L. Minihan, P. W. Stahlman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Glyphosate-resistant (GR) Palmer amaranth has become a serious challenge for soybean producers in the mid-south and central United States, including Kansas. Field experi­ments were conducted at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center (KSU-ARC) near Hays, KS, and Kansas State University Ashland Bottoms (KSU-AB) research farm near Manhattan, KS, to determine the effectiveness of preemergence (PRE) and PRE followed by (fb) postemergence (POST) herbicide programs on GR Palmer amaranth control in Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybean. The study site at Hays was infested with GR Palmer amaranth population prior to soybean planting; whereas, the Manhattan site had natural infestation ...


Comparisons Of Terbuthylazine And Atrazine Rates And Tank Mixtures In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier 2019 Kansas State University

Comparisons Of Terbuthylazine And Atrazine Rates And Tank Mixtures In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A comparison of terbuthylazine and atrazine rates alone and in combination with other herbicides in corn was conducted. All herbicides controlled Russian thistle and common sunflower by 90% or more. Preemergence control of green foxtail required a tank mixture of mesotrione (Stalwart C, Stalwart 3W, SA-0070128, and SA-0070129) with terbuthylazine or atrazine to be effective. Both terbuthylazine and atrazine alone provided similar kochia control, but control tended to increase with the addition of mesotrione. Palmer amaranth control was similar among terbuthylazine rates early in the season, but increased as atrazine rate increased. Crabgrass control increased as terbuthylazine rate increased early ...


Effects Of Spring-Planted Cover Crops On Weed Suppression And Winter Wheat Grain Yield In Western Kansas, A. K. Obour, J. D. Holman, J. A. Dille, V. Kumar 2019 Kansas State University

Effects Of Spring-Planted Cover Crops On Weed Suppression And Winter Wheat Grain Yield In Western Kansas, A. K. Obour, J. D. Holman, J. A. Dille, V. Kumar

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Herbicide resistant (HR) weeds pose a major challenge to continuous no-tillage (NT) dryland crop management systems. Integrating cover crop (CCs) in dryland crop rota­tions could suppress weeds and provide a weed management option for HR weeds in NT systems. Field experiments were conducted to investigate weed suppression poten­tial of spring-planted CCs and their impacts on subsequent winter wheat grain yields. The CCs were oat/triticale, oat/triticale/pea, spring pea, and chem-fallow (standard) over 3 years and 2 locations in western Kansas. A weedy-fallow check was added to compare weed suppression of CCs in 2 out of the ...


Herbicide Strategies For Managing Glyphosate- And Dicamba-Resistant Kochia In Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybean, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert, P. W. Stahlman 2019 Kansas State University

Herbicide Strategies For Managing Glyphosate- And Dicamba-Resistant Kochia In Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybean, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert, P. W. Stahlman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Kochia populations with multiple resistance to glyphosate and dicamba are an increasing concern for growers in the High Plains region, including Kansas. A field study was conducted at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center near Hays, KS, to evaluate and develop herbicide options for controlling glyphosate- and dicamba-resistant kochia in Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybean. The study site was uniformly infested with a glyphosate- and dicamba-resistant kochia population prior to soybean planting. Fifteen herbicide treatments (programs), including PRE alone and PRE followed by (fb) POST-applied herbicides, were investigated in a randomized complete block design with four replications. All PRE ...


Influence Of Cultural Practices And Herbicide Programs For Managing Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Cold-Tolerant Sorghum, R. Liu, V. Kumar, R. Perumal, T. Lambert, T. Ostmeyer 2019 Kansas State University

Influence Of Cultural Practices And Herbicide Programs For Managing Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Cold-Tolerant Sorghum, R. Liu, V. Kumar, R. Perumal, T. Lambert, T. Ostmeyer

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The widespread evolution of glyphosate-resistant (GR) Palmer amaranth (Amaran­thus palmeri S. Wats) has become a serious management concern for grain sorghum producers in western Kansas. To develop an integrated weed management (IWM) system, a field study was conducted at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center (KSU-ARC) in Hays, KS, in 2018, to evaluate the effect of sorghum hybrid, row spacing, and herbicide programs on GR Palmer amaranth control, shoot dry weight reduction, and sorghum grain yield. Treatments included two cold-tolerant grain sorghum hybrids: Pioneer 87P06 (commercial check) and ATx645/ ARCH12012R (developed by the KSU-ARC breeding program); row spacing ...


Efficacy Of Zest Application Timings In Irrigated Acetolactase Synthase-Resistant Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier 2019 Kansas State University

Efficacy Of Zest Application Timings In Irrigated Acetolactase Synthase-Resistant Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Acetolactase synthase inhibiting (ALS) herbicides were evaluated for efficacy in ALS-resistant grain sorghum. Kochia and quinoa control were similar among all herbicides tested regardless of evaluation date. Cinch ATZ alone preemergence, and Cinch plus Resolve and Harmony GT PRE followed by Zest POST controlled puncturevine 73-78%. Late-season green foxtail control was best when Zest was included as an early postemergence or postemergence application. Cinch ATZ applied alone preemergence, Cinch ATZ preemergence followed by Zest POST, and Cinch plus Resolve and Harmony GT PRE followed by Zest POST controlled Palmer amaranth 81–84%, and resulted in the highest grain yields.


Liberty Compared To Glyphosate Products In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier 2019 Kansas State University

Liberty Compared To Glyphosate Products In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Postemergence treatments of Liberty (glufosinate) were compared to Durango DMA and Roundup PowerMax (glyphosate) after various preemergence treatments for efficacy in corn. Control of common sunflower, green foxtail, Russian thistle, and quinoa exceeded 92% regardless of herbicide treatment or evaluation date. Similarly, all preemergence (PRE) treatments controlled Palmer amaranth, kochia, and crabgrass by 93% or more. Later in the season, control of kochia was slightly less when Verdict (saflufenacil/dimethenamid) and atrazine PRE was followed by Roundup PowerMax and atrazine postemergence (POST). Palmer amaranth and crabgrass control was less when Verdict and atrazine PRE was followed by Roundup PowerMax or ...


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