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An Evaluation Of The Susceptibility Of Goats To Larkspur Toxicosis, Kevin D. Welch, Clint A. Stonecipher, Dale R. Gardner, Benidict T. Green, Daniel Cook 2020 USDA-ARS

An Evaluation Of The Susceptibility Of Goats To Larkspur Toxicosis, Kevin D. Welch, Clint A. Stonecipher, Dale R. Gardner, Benidict T. Green, Daniel Cook

Poisonous Plant Research (PPR)

Larkspurs (Delphinium spp.) are a major cause of cattle losses in western North America, whereas sheep have been shown to be resistant to larkspur toxicosis. Goats are often used as a small ruminant model to study poisonous plants, even though they can be more resistant to some poisonous plants. It is not known how susceptible goats are to the adverse effects of larkspurs. In this study, we evaluated the susceptibility of goats to larkspur toxicosis by performing a dose-response study. We dosed goats with D. barbeyi collected near Cedar City, Utah at 3.3, 4.4, 6.6, 8.8 ...


Molecular Differentiation Of Astragalus Species And Varieties From The Western United States: The Chloroplast Dna Bridge Between Evolution And Molecular Systematics, Marwa Neyaz, Daniel Cook, Rebecca Creamer 2020 New Mexico State University

Molecular Differentiation Of Astragalus Species And Varieties From The Western United States: The Chloroplast Dna Bridge Between Evolution And Molecular Systematics, Marwa Neyaz, Daniel Cook, Rebecca Creamer

Poisonous Plant Research (PPR)

Locoweeds are the most widespread poisonous plant problem in the world and have been reported in the Western United States since the 1800s, causing tremendous losses in livestock. Consumption of locoweeds by grazing animals stimulates the neurological disease, locoism, characterized by weight loss, ataxia, and lack of muscular coordination. The name locoweed is used for Astragalus and Oxytropis species known to contain swainsonine, the toxic principle produced by the plant endophytic fungus Undifilum. Astragalus includes 2,500-3,000 species and many varieties that have almost identical morphological characteristics that overlap among species, leading to improper identification. Therefore, the aim of ...


Improving The Biological Control Of Persicaria Perfoliata (Polygonaceae) Using Rhinoncomimus Latipes Korotyaev (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Jaewon Kim 2020 West Virginia University

Improving The Biological Control Of Persicaria Perfoliata (Polygonaceae) Using Rhinoncomimus Latipes Korotyaev (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Jaewon Kim

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H. Gross (Polygonaceae; Mile-a-minute weed) is a rapid-growing invasive vine introduced from eastern Asia to northeastern United States in the 1930s. This vine has been invaded in disturbed areas and reforestation sites in 15 states in the U.S. and forms dense, monocultural patches that may inhibit natural forest regeneration. To control this weed, a host-specific biocontrol agent, Rhinoncomimus latipes Korotyaev (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) has been released in the P. perfoliata invaded states in the U.S. during the past 15 years. Currently, R. latipes is released by hand to the invaded area where the presence of the ...


Vida Tank Mixtures For Postemergence Weed Control In Fallow, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier 2020 Kansas State University

Vida Tank Mixtures For Postemergence Weed Control In Fallow, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of the study was to compare Vida (pyraflufen ethyl) with various tank mix partners for weed control in fallow. All herbicides controlled flixweed and tansymustard 96% or more by 16 days after treatment. Treatments containing Spartan provided faster and better kochia control compared to other herbicides, and these treatments were the only ones to control kochia 95% or more late in the season.


Response Of Kansas Feral Rye Populations To Aggressor Herbicide And Management In Coaxium Wheat Production System, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert 2020 Kansas State University

Response Of Kansas Feral Rye Populations To Aggressor Herbicide And Management In Coaxium Wheat Production System, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Feral rye (Secale cereale L.), also commonly known as cereal or volunteer rye, is a trou­blesome winter annual grass weed species in wheat producing regions of the United States, including Kansas. Lack of effective herbicide options complicates the selective control of feral rye in winter wheat. The main objectives of this research were (1) to determine the response of 10 feral rye populations collected from central Kansas wheat fields to Aggressor herbicide in dose-response assays, and (2) to evaluate the effective­ness of Aggressor herbicide for feral rye control in CoAXium winter wheat in Kansas. Dose-response assays indicated that ...


Efficacy Of Late-Season Herbicide Programs For Controlling Palmer Amaranth In Postharvest Wheat Stubble, R. Liu, V. Kumar, N. Aquilina, T. Lambert 2020 Kansas State University

Efficacy Of Late-Season Herbicide Programs For Controlling Palmer Amaranth In Postharvest Wheat Stubble, R. Liu, V. Kumar, N. Aquilina, T. Lambert

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Late-season control of Palmer amaranth in wheat stubble is a challenge for Kansas producers. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of POST herbicide programs (with multiple modes of actions) for late-season control of Palmer amaranth in postharvest wheat stubble. The study was conducted at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center in Hays, KS, in 2019. The study site had a natural seedbank of Palmer amaranth that emerged immediately after wheat harvest. All selected herbicide programs were tested 3 weeks after wheat harvest, when Palmer amaranth plants had attained a height of 2 to 2.5 ...


Response Of Dicamba/Fluroxypyr/Glyphosate-Resistant Kochia To Atrazine And Alternative Postemergence Herbicides, R. Liu, V. Kumar, R. Currie, P. W. Geier, T. Lambert, P. W. Stahlman 2020 Kansas State University

Response Of Dicamba/Fluroxypyr/Glyphosate-Resistant Kochia To Atrazine And Alternative Postemergence Herbicides, R. Liu, V. Kumar, R. Currie, P. W. Geier, T. Lambert, P. W. Stahlman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two kochia accessions (KS-4A and KS-4H) were previously identified from a corn field near Garden City, KS, with multiple resistance to glyphosate (Roundup PowerMax), dicamba (Clarity), and fluroxypyr (Starane Ultra). The objectives of this research were to (1) determine the response of these kochia accessions to preemer­gence (PRE) and postemergence (POST) applied atrazine (Aatrex) in dose-response assays, and (2) determine the effectiveness of alternative POST herbicides. Seeds of a known susceptible kochia accession (SUS) collected from research fields in Hays, KS, were used for comparison. Greenhouse experiments were conducted at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center near Hays ...


Early Postemergence And Sequential Herbicides For Weed Control In Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier 2020 Kansas State University

Early Postemergence And Sequential Herbicides For Weed Control In Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In this study, herbicides were tested to compare sequential and split rates for weed control in corn. Control of green foxtail, Russian thistle, and quinoa was excellent regardless of herbicide treatment, and most herbicides provided good kochia and Palmer amaranth control. Minor corn injury occurred with some herbicides applied early postemergence or postemergence, but did not persist. All herbicide treatments increased grain yield 56 to 78% compared to the weedy control, but yields did not differ between herbicide treatments.


Residual Weed Control With Preemergence Herbicides In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier 2020 Kansas State University

Residual Weed Control With Preemergence Herbicides In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In this study, herbicides were tested to compare preemergence (PRE) application for weed control in grain herbicides. All herbicides controlled quinoa and crabgrass similarly, as well as Russian thistle late in the season. Halex GT at either rate with atrazine as well as Bicep Lite II Magnum controlled Palmer amaranth less than 90% late in the season. Similarly, these herbicides along with Degree Xtra provided less than 90% kochia control late. Grain yields did not differ between herbicide-treated and non-treated sorghum.


Single And Sequential Herbicide Treatments For Efficacy In Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier 2020 Kansas State University

Single And Sequential Herbicide Treatments For Efficacy In Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In this study, herbicides were tested to compare application of single and sequential treatments for weed control in corn. Quinoa and Russian thistle control was 95% or more regardless of herbicide treatment. Anthem Maxx, Resicore, and Corvus followed by Harness Max provided good control of Palmer amaranth. Acuron applied preemergence and Anthem Maxx plus Callisto and atrazine early postemergence were less effective on kochia than other herbicides, whereas Anthem Maxx plus Callisto and atrazine applied preemergence and Halex GT applied early postemergence were less effective on green foxtail. Grain yields from all herbicide-treated corn were substantially greater than for the ...


Weed Management And Soybean Yields As Influenced By Row Width And Post-Emergent Herbicide Application Timing, S. R. Duncan, E. A. Adee 2020 Kansas State University

Weed Management And Soybean Yields As Influenced By Row Width And Post-Emergent Herbicide Application Timing, S. R. Duncan, E. A. Adee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Irrigated soybeans were grown in 2018 and 2019 at the Kansas River Valley Experi­ment Field near Rossville, KS. Soybeans were planted in 30-inch or 15-inch rows and a standard pre-emergent herbicide was applied. Planting dates were May 11 and June 4 in 2018 and 2019, respectively. The post-emergent herbicide was applied at approxi­mately 21 or 35 days following soybean planting (DAP). Weed control and crop injury were visually evaluated approximately every seven days following herbicide application. Yields, moisture, and test weights were calculated from the center two rows in 30-inch plots and four rows in 15-inch plots after ...


Control Of Multiple Herbicide-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Enlist Corn, R. Liu, V. Kumar, T. Lambert 2020 Kansas State University

Control Of Multiple Herbicide-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Enlist Corn, R. Liu, V. Kumar, T. Lambert

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Recent evolution of multiple herbicide resistant (MHR) Palmer amaranth [resistant to 2,4-D, glyphosate (Roundup), chlorsulfuron (Glean), atrazine (Aatrex), and mesotrione (Callisto)] is a serious threat to newly developed stacked trait technologies, including Enlist crops (tolerant to 2,4-D, glyphosate, and glufosinate). Field experiments were conducted in 2019 at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center near Hays, KS, to determine the effectiveness of various preemergence (PRE) followed by (fb) postemergence (POST) herbicides (multiple modes of action) for controlling this MHR Palmer amaranth in Enlist corn. The study was established in no-till dryland wheat stubble where MHR Palmer amaranth seeds ...


Efficacy Of Kfd-365-02 Rates And Mixtures In Imidazolinone-Tolerant Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier 2020 Kansas State University

Efficacy Of Kfd-365-02 Rates And Mixtures In Imidazolinone-Tolerant Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study compared various tank mixes of generic S-metolachlor/mesotrione and imazamox for weed control in imidazolinone-tolerant grain sorghum. All herbicides provided more than 90% control of Russian thistle, velvetleaf, and green foxtail, and kochia control late in the season was 85% or more. Puncturevine control late in the season was 80 to 90% with all herbicides except Coyote followed by KFD-365-02 and by KFD-365-02 at 6 oz/a plus atrazine followed by 2,4-D. Only Coyote followed by KFD-365-02 plus atrazine or 2,4-D controlled Palmer amaranth more than 78% late.


Comparison Of Terbuthylazine And Atrazine Preemergence In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier 2020 Kansas State University

Comparison Of Terbuthylazine And Atrazine Preemergence In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Terbuthylazine is an atrazine analog that is used in Europe as a replacement for atra­zine. This study compares terbuthylazine with common herbicide tank mixes for weed control in this region. All herbicides controlled quinoa and crabgrass 95% or more, whereas Bicep II Magnum controlled kochia, Palmer amaranth, and Russian thistle the best late in the season. No herbicide visibly injured grain sorghum in this experiment. Grain yields increased 18 to 32 bu/a when herbicides were applied compared to the nontreated controls except with atrazine at 24 oz/a.


Ms Environmental Biology Capstone Project, Alexandra Sorenson 2020 Regis University

Ms Environmental Biology Capstone Project, Alexandra Sorenson

Student Publications

  • Chapter 1. Literature Review: Invasive Plant Considerations in Alpine Restoration Project Planning
  • Chapter 2. Grant Proposal: Success Rates of Native See Germination on Esplanade-Treated Plots
  • Chapter 3. Journal Manuscript: Meta-Analysis of Cheatgrass (Bromus Tectorum) Control with Three Commonly Used Herbicides
  • Chapter 4. Stakeholder Analysis: Stakeholder Analysis: Recommendation for Herbicide Use at Lippincott Ranch


Distribution Of Invasive Plant Species On Debris Cones At Mount Rainier National Park, Shaun Morrison 2020 Central Washington University

Distribution Of Invasive Plant Species On Debris Cones At Mount Rainier National Park, Shaun Morrison

All Master's Theses

Invasive plant populations within Mount Rainier National Park are a biological and ecological threat to the unique mountain landscape. A better understanding of their distribution and transport within the landscape is needed to improve invasive species monitoring for National Park Service management. This study investigates how invasive plant populations in Stevens Canyon are utilizing the debris cone disturbances and associated geomorphic processes to facilitate movement within the park. Vegetation transects were performed along Stevens Canyon Road (to observe the roadside community composition) and on the debris cone features (to observe species movement from the roadside). These vegetation observations are presented ...


Evaluation Of The Influence Of Dicamba Exposure On Crop Injury And Canopy Closure Of Glufosinate Resistant Soybean, Zachary K. Perry 2020 University of Kentucky

Evaluation Of The Influence Of Dicamba Exposure On Crop Injury And Canopy Closure Of Glufosinate Resistant Soybean, Zachary K. Perry

Theses and Dissertations--Plant and Soil Sciences

Dicamba-resistant soybean along with lower volatility dicamba formulations have been introduced in an attempt to control herbicide resistant weeds such as Amaranthus palmeri. This introduction has increased the amount of dicamba being applied later in the growing season increasing the prevalence of dicamba off-target movement. Dicamba damage was simulated by applying low rates of dicamba directly on soybeans at rates (0.5 g ae ha-1, 1 g ae ha-1 and 5 g ae ha-1 dicamba) and five-exposure timings from June 1 to July 10. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with four replications at five ...


Glyphosate Plus Dicamba Spray Solution Deposition, Coverage, And Efficacy As Influenced By Spray Nozzle Design And Weed Density, Madison Dru Kramer 2020 University of Kentucky

Glyphosate Plus Dicamba Spray Solution Deposition, Coverage, And Efficacy As Influenced By Spray Nozzle Design And Weed Density, Madison Dru Kramer

Theses and Dissertations--Plant and Soil Sciences

Dicamba injury to sensitive soybean and other broadleaf crops due to drift is a major issue and label restrictions have been created to mitigate dicamba drift. One restriction is the mandated use of low drift nozzles to spray dicamba; these nozzles produce larger droplets and minimize the production of driftable fines. Experiments were conducted to evaluate herbicide coverage, deposition, and efficacy. Three spray nozzle designs and different weed densities were the main factors in the analysis. Dicamba plus glyphosate was applied to 5 to 10 cm tall weeds with a Turbo TeeJet (TT11005) nozzle and two drift reduction nozzles approved ...


Managing Forest Disturbances: Effects On Mule Deer And Plant Communities In Montana's Northern Forests, Teagan Ann Hayes 2020 University of Montana, Missoula

Managing Forest Disturbances: Effects On Mule Deer And Plant Communities In Montana's Northern Forests, Teagan Ann Hayes

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are frequently the focus of population and habitat management in the western United States. Land and wildlife managers use disturbance to reset forests to earlier successional stages and improve the quality and quantity of forage available to mule deer. However, the effects of management practices on nutrition and selection vary widely, so the implementation of management practices raises ecological as well as management-related concerns. This work investigated how disturbance from wildfire, prescribed fire, and timber harvest influences the spatial and temporal distribution of nutritional resources in mule deer summer range, and therefore, how the nutritional landscape ...


Recent Observations Of Water Shrews In Northeastern South Dakota, Dennis Skadsen, Robert M. Timm 2019 Northeast Glacial Lakes Day Conservation District, Webster, SD

Recent Observations Of Water Shrews In Northeastern South Dakota, Dennis Skadsen, Robert M. Timm

The Prairie Naturalist

North American water shrews in the genus Sorex are a complex of at least five species, three of which were recognized historically, Sorex alasksans, S. bendirii, and S. palustris (Hall 1981). Within what was previously considered the single, widespread northern species, S. palustris, two additional species are now recognized, S. albibarbis in the eastern US and Canada and S. navigator in the western United States and Canada (Hope et al. 2014; Nagorsen et al. 2017; Woodman 2018). The American water shrew (Sorex palustris) originally was documented in South Dakota by three females, two were collected 1876 and one in 1878 ...


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