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Missing The Boat? Measuring And Evaluating Local Groundfish Purchases By New England Institutions, Jeffrey K. O'Hara, Loren McClenachan 2018 U.S. Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Marketing Service

Missing The Boat? Measuring And Evaluating Local Groundfish Purchases By New England Institutions, Jeffrey K. O'Hara, Loren Mcclenachan

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

The development of local food markets has provided a critical economic opportunity for small farms in New England. The collapse of Gulf of Maine groundfish stocks has motivated an interest in developing similar marketing opportunities for wild-caught, locally abundant seafood. Institutions, particularly schools and colleges, have been identified as a strategic entry point in the supply chain for such products. However, there has been a dearth of research on this topic. We undertake a case study that evaluates purchases of local groundfish by schools and colleges in New England. First, we analyze recently developed secondary data to assess the propensity ...


Numerical Experiment Of Sediment Dynamics Over A Dredged Pit On The Louisiana Shelf, Nazanin Chaichitehrani 2018 Louisiana State University

Numerical Experiment Of Sediment Dynamics Over A Dredged Pit On The Louisiana Shelf, Nazanin Chaichitehrani

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Sediment transport over Sandy Point dredge pit in the northern Gulf of Mexico was examined using field measurements and a finely resolved numerical model. Delft3D model with well-vetted computational grid and input parameters was used. Numerical experiments were performed to examine the effect of wind-generated waves, wind-driven currents and their interaction on sediment dynamics in our study area during a cold front in November 2014 and fair-weather conditions between July and August of 2015. Sediment dispersal from the lower Mississippi River, sediment resuspension, transport and deposition with high spatial and temporal resolution were simulated. A reliable satellite-derived near-surface suspended particulate ...


Anthropocene Sea Level Change: A History Of Recent Trends Observed In The U.S. East, Gulf, And West Coast Regions, John D. Boon, Molly Mitchell, Jon Derek Loftis, David M. Malmquist 2018 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Anthropocene Sea Level Change: A History Of Recent Trends Observed In The U.S. East, Gulf, And West Coast Regions, John D. Boon, Molly Mitchell, Jon Derek Loftis, David M. Malmquist

Reports

Relative sea level (RSL) observations since 1969 at U.S. tide stations exhibit trends in RSL rise rate and acceleration that vary in response to both global and regional processes. Trend histories display a high degree of similarity between locations in coastal regions that are experiencing similar processes. With the exception of the U.S. Northeast Coast and Alaska,every other coastal location in the continental U.S. has experienced an upturn in RSL rise rate since 2013-2014 despite wide differences in the magnitude and trending direction of RSL acceleration. High RSL acceleration along the U.S. Northeast Coast has ...


Editorial-The 8th International Workshop On Modeling The Ocean (Iwmo 2016) In Bologna, Italy, June 7-10, 2016, Tal Ezer, Lie-Yauw Oey, Huijie Xue, Marco Zavatarelli, Gianmaria Sannino, Ricardo de Camargo 2018 Old Dominion University

Editorial-The 8th International Workshop On Modeling The Ocean (Iwmo 2016) In Bologna, Italy, June 7-10, 2016, Tal Ezer, Lie-Yauw Oey, Huijie Xue, Marco Zavatarelli, Gianmaria Sannino, Ricardo De Camargo

CCPO Publications

The 8th International Workshop on Modeling the Ocean (IWMO 2016) was held on June 7–10, 2016, at one of the oldest universities in Europe—the University of Bologna in Italy (founded 1088 A.D.). The workshop returned to Europe for the second time (the other European IWMO was held in Norway in 2013; Berntsen et al. 2014). Since the establishment of the IWMO in 2009 (Oey et al. 2010a, b), meetings were held four times in Asia, two times in Europe, two times in North America, one time in Australia, and for the 10th anniversary of IWMO, the 2018 ...


Oceanographic And Climatic Change In The Bering Sea, Last Glacial Maximum To Holocene, Ben M. Pelto, Beth E. Caissie, Steven T. Petsch, Julie Brigham-Grette 2018 University of Northern British Columbia

Oceanographic And Climatic Change In The Bering Sea, Last Glacial Maximum To Holocene, Ben M. Pelto, Beth E. Caissie, Steven T. Petsch, Julie Brigham-Grette

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Post‐glacial sea level rise led to a direct connection between the Arctic and Pacific Oceans via the Bering Strait. Consequently, the Bering Sea experienced changes in connectivity, size, and sediment sources that were among the most drastic of any ocean basin in the past 30,000 years. However, the sedimentary response to the interplay between climate change and sea level rise in high‐latitude settings such as Beringia remains poorly resolved. To ascertain changes in sediment delivery, productivity, and regional oceanography from the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) to the Holocene, we analyzed sedimentological, geochemical, and isotopic characteristics of three ...


Refinement And Utilization Of The Marine Climate Proxy Arctica Islandica: An Ideal Replication Strategy For Stable Isotope Studies And An Investigation Into The Shell Growth And Hydrographic Variability Of Georges Bank (Northwestern Atlantic), Jared Daniel Brenzink Ballew 2018 Iowa State University

Refinement And Utilization Of The Marine Climate Proxy Arctica Islandica: An Ideal Replication Strategy For Stable Isotope Studies And An Investigation Into The Shell Growth And Hydrographic Variability Of Georges Bank (Northwestern Atlantic), Jared Daniel Brenzink Ballew

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents two studies that discuss the further refinement and utilization of the marine climate proxy Arctica islandica. The first study uses a Monte Carlo simulation to examine the relationship between replication and uncertainty for climate reconstructions utilizing oxygen isotopes, carbon isotopes and temperature estimates (derived from the modified Grossman and Ku [1986] equation) from the climate proxy A. islandica. An uncertainty within the 95% confidence interval occurred when using two or three shells. An increase to four shells further reduced the uncertainty to within the 99% confidence interval. Studies that utilize stable isotope ratios from A. islandica shells ...


Climate-Change-Driven Accelerated Sea-Level Rise Detected In The Altimeter Era, R. S. Nerem, B. D. Beckley, J. T. Fasullo, B. D. Hamlington, D. Masters, G. T. Mitchum 2018 Old Dominion University

Climate-Change-Driven Accelerated Sea-Level Rise Detected In The Altimeter Era, R. S. Nerem, B. D. Beckley, J. T. Fasullo, B. D. Hamlington, D. Masters, G. T. Mitchum

CCPO Publications

Using a 25-y time series of precision satellite altimeter data from TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, Jason-2, and Jason-3, we estimate the climate-change-driven acceleration of global mean sea level over the last 25 y to be 0.084 ± 0.025 mm/y2. Coupled with the average climate-change-driven rate of sea level rise over these same 25 y of 2.9 mm/y, simple extrapolation of the quadratic implies global mean sea level could rise 65 ± 12 cm by 2100 compared with 2005, roughly in agreement with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th Assessment Report (AR5) model projections.


The Biogeochemical Cycling Of Iron, Copper, Nickel, Cadmium, Manganese, Cobalt, Lead, And Scandium In A California Current Experimental Study, Travis Mellett, Matthew T. Brown, P. Dreux Chappell, Carolyn Duckham, Jessica N. Fitzsimmons, Claire P. Till, Robert M. Sherrell, Maria T. Maldonado, Kristen N. Buck 2018 Old Dominion University

The Biogeochemical Cycling Of Iron, Copper, Nickel, Cadmium, Manganese, Cobalt, Lead, And Scandium In A California Current Experimental Study, Travis Mellett, Matthew T. Brown, P. Dreux Chappell, Carolyn Duckham, Jessica N. Fitzsimmons, Claire P. Till, Robert M. Sherrell, Maria T. Maldonado, Kristen N. Buck

OEAS Faculty Publications

A 3-day shipboard incubation experiment was conducted in the California Current System in July 2014 to investigate the cycling of iron (Fe), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), cadmium (Cd), manganese (Mn), cobalt (Co), lead (Pb), and scandium (Sc) under a range of light and particle conditions. Filtered (< 0.2 μm) and unfiltered treatments were incubated under the following light conditions: Dark, light (“UV”), and light without the ultraviolet (UV) wavelengths (“noUV”). The experiment was sampled for carbon and Fe uptake rates, dissolved trace metal concentrations (Fe, Cu, Ni, Cd, Mn, Co, Pb, Sc), Fe and Cu speciation, size-fractionated concentrations of Cd and Fe, and diatom community composition from DNA sequencing. Exposure to UV light increased phytoplankton Fe uptake in the first 24 h of the incubation relative to the noUV treatment, suggesting that a fraction of the ambient ligand-bound Fe was photoreactive. Fe-binding organic ligand production was observed in the unfiltered light treatments in association with increasing chlorophyll a, and evidence for Cu-binding ligand production in these treatments was also observed. Biological uptake of Cd and Co was observed along with scavenging of dissolved Pb. Manganese appeared to be rapidly oxidized by Mn-oxidizing bacteria with concomitant drawdown of dissolved Ni. Scandium displayed similar trends to Fe, reinforcing the limited observations of the ...


Analyses Of The Global Bias Between Modis Infrared And Amsr-E Microwave Ssts, Brahim Boussidi, Peter Cornillon, Gavino Puggioni, Chelle Gentemann, Prabhani Kuruppumullage Don 2017 University of Rhode Island

Analyses Of The Global Bias Between Modis Infrared And Amsr-E Microwave Ssts, Brahim Boussidi, Peter Cornillon, Gavino Puggioni, Chelle Gentemann, Prabhani Kuruppumullage Don

Peter Cornillon

 Temporal and spatial variations of the bias and standard deviation of the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer - EOS  (AMSR-E) Level-2 (L2) sea surface temperature (SST) fields relative to L2  MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) SST  fields have been determined for a long term co-located data sets. MODIS SST  observations were co-located at full AMSR-E  grid resolution and analyzed as a function of space and time. After pre-processing of the  individual satellite data, the highest quality L2 MODIS SST s at 1 km resolution were averaged to the  56 km AMSR-E  footprint for comparisonwith co-located rain-free AMSR-E SST s. Daytime and nighttime  fields ...


Diss-Nchaichi-Edt.Docx, Nazanin Chaichitehrani 2017 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Diss-Nchaichi-Edt.Docx, Nazanin Chaichitehrani

Nazanin Chaichitehrani

Sediment transport over Sandy Point dredge pit in the northern Gulf of Mexico was examined using field measurements and a finely resolved numerical model. Delft3D model with well-vetted computational grid and input parameters was used. Numerical experiments were performed to examine the effect of wind-generated waves, wind-driven currents and their interaction on sediment dynamics in our study area during a cold front in November 2014 and fair-weather conditions between July and August of 2015. Sediment dispersal from the lower Mississippi River, sediment resuspension, transport and deposition with high spatial and temporal resolution were simulated. A reliable satellite-derived near-surface suspended particulate ...


Session 4 Discussion Notes, Ocean Waves Workshop 2017 2017 University of New Orleans

Session 4 Discussion Notes, Ocean Waves Workshop 2017

Ocean Waves Workshop

No abstract provided.


Overview Of Open Source Codes To Assess Environmental Effects On Ocean Wave Farms, Chris Chartrand, Kelley Ruehl, Jesse Roberts, Sam McWilliams, Kaus Raghukumar, Aaron Porter, Cameron McNatt 2017 Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

Overview Of Open Source Codes To Assess Environmental Effects On Ocean Wave Farms, Chris Chartrand, Kelley Ruehl, Jesse Roberts, Sam Mcwilliams, Kaus Raghukumar, Aaron Porter, Cameron Mcnatt

Ocean Waves Workshop

The development of SNL-SWAN by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) allows users to investigate the interaction between a WEC or WEC array and the wave environment. SNL-SWAN when coupled with a hydrodynamic and sediment transport model such as Delft3D, developed by Deltares Inc, allows for the direct investigation of WEC array effects on the physical environment (e.g. waves, currents, seabed) and the associated site ecology. Ongoing development of these tools has shown how the coupling of SNL-SWAN with Delft3D-Flow can quantify the interaction between device(s) and the hydrodynamic environment at a real-world site.


Wave Energy Converter Effects On The Nearshore Environment, Grace Chang, Craig Jones, Jason Magalen, Jesse Roberts 2017 Integral Consulting Inc., Santa Cruz, CA

Wave Energy Converter Effects On The Nearshore Environment, Grace Chang, Craig Jones, Jason Magalen, Jesse Roberts

Ocean Waves Workshop

This poster presents efforts to use predictive modeling tools to evaluate the impacts of Wave Energy Converter (WEC) arrays on nearshore processes, investigate effects of different WEC devices on wave propagation, examine wave propagation in the lee of a WEC array over different wave conditions, and accelerate the realization of commercial-scale wave power.


Wave-Measuring Performance Characteristics Of Spoondrift Spotter, K. Raghukumar, G. Chang, F. Spada, C. Jones, W. Gans, T. Janssen 2017 Integral Consulting Inc., Santa Cruz, CA

Wave-Measuring Performance Characteristics Of Spoondrift Spotter, K. Raghukumar, G. Chang, F. Spada, C. Jones, W. Gans, T. Janssen

Ocean Waves Workshop

Spoondrift Spotter represents a state-of-the-art wave measurement buoy developed by Spoondrift (www.spoondrift.co) and supported by funding from the Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy (ARPA-E). A low-cost buoy platform like Spotter enables a range of new applications. For instance, coherent arrays of Spotters can support adaptive tuning of marine and hydrokinetic energy devices. In general, the availability of high-fidelity wave measurements can help support wave assessments for a variety of commercial, military, operational, academic, and recreational users.


Session 4 Presentation - Improved Coastal And Nearshore Wave Forecasting, Jeffrey Hanson, Robert Fratantonio 2017 AcuSea LLC, Kill Devil Hills, NC

Session 4 Presentation - Improved Coastal And Nearshore Wave Forecasting, Jeffrey Hanson, Robert Fratantonio

Ocean Waves Workshop

Accurate nearshore and coastal wave forecasts are essential for the protection of life and property as well as enhancing the economy through safe and efficient commercial activities. Modeling the nearshore environment has remained both computationally intensive and challenging due to the strong interaction of waves with the ocean bottom in shallow water environments. Here we develop a new wave system approach for nearshore wave modeling that addresses these issues. Wave systems result from specific wind forcing events on the ocean surface. This approach extends earlier work on wave system partitioning and tracking to assimilate coastal buoy observations into model output ...


Session 3 Discussion Notes, Ocean Waves Workshop 2017 2017 University of New Orleans

Session 3 Discussion Notes, Ocean Waves Workshop 2017

Ocean Waves Workshop

No abstract provided.


Real-Time Wave Assimilation Using Low-Cost Sensor Arrays (Extended Abstract), Pieter Smit, Tim Janssen, Cameron Dunning, Wheeler Grans 2017 Spoondrift Technologies, Half Moon Bay, CA

Real-Time Wave Assimilation Using Low-Cost Sensor Arrays (Extended Abstract), Pieter Smit, Tim Janssen, Cameron Dunning, Wheeler Grans

Ocean Waves Workshop

In this paper we present the underlying theory and principal results from a new real-time data-assimilation system in which we integrate a dense network of Spotters. The sensor network was deployed as part of the ONR Innershelf DRI experiment during the period from September 2017 till November 2017. The array consists of 18 Spotters, deployed seaward of Point Sal (California) along the 20-, 50- and 100-meter depth contours (Fig. 1). Each of these buoys provides estimates of the complete frequency-directional spectrum every hour. The wave spectra and directional moments are assimilated in real-time using an efficient backward raytracing algorithm to ...


Session 3 Presentation - An Overview Of Recent Wave Glider® Field Program, Pat Fitzpatrick, Yee Lau, Robert Moorhead, Adam Skarke, Daniel Merritt, Keith Kreider, Chris Brown, Ryan Carlon, Graham Hine, Teri Lampoudi, Alan Leonardi 2017 Mississippi State University

Session 3 Presentation - An Overview Of Recent Wave Glider® Field Program, Pat Fitzpatrick, Yee Lau, Robert Moorhead, Adam Skarke, Daniel Merritt, Keith Kreider, Chris Brown, Ryan Carlon, Graham Hine, Teri Lampoudi, Alan Leonardi

Ocean Waves Workshop

Developed by Liquid Robotics, Inc., Wave Gliders® (WGs) use wave energy for propulsion through the synergistic alternating thrust of wave action on the floating vehicle and mechanical wings 6 m below the vehicle. WGs provide dynamic environmental monitoring in the maritime environment with weeks-tomonths-long deployments using solar panels to power sensors, and satellite and cell communication channels for data delivery. Some data is transmitted real-time or in bulk at more infrequent intervals, while other data is archived on-board for extraction after a mission.

Example field programs include: wave, ocean, and PBL measurements in tropical cyclones; algae bloom monitoring; satellite ground ...


Session 2 Discussion Notes, Ocean Waves Workshop 2017 2017 University of New Orleans

Session 2 Discussion Notes, Ocean Waves Workshop 2017

Ocean Waves Workshop

No abstract provided.


Overview Of Open Source Codes To Assess Environmental Effects Of Ocean Wave Farms (Extended Abstract), Chris Chartrand, Kelley Ruehl, Jesse Roberts, Aaron Porter, Cameron McNatt 2017 Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

Overview Of Open Source Codes To Assess Environmental Effects Of Ocean Wave Farms (Extended Abstract), Chris Chartrand, Kelley Ruehl, Jesse Roberts, Aaron Porter, Cameron Mcnatt

Ocean Waves Workshop

The United States has a theoretical ocean wave energy resource potential of 1,594–2,640 TWh/year, enough to power between 143.5 and 237.6 million homes/year and contribute substantially to the United States’ energy portfolio [1]. However, wave energy converters (WECs) are currently in the early stages of research and development at low technology readiness levels. Open ocean deployment data is from demonstration-scale projects, not from utility-scale deployments. As a result, researchers, developers, and regulators rely heavily on numerical models to understand the environmental effects of wave farms.

Preliminary numerical studies have demonstrated that small-scale deployments ...


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