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Bonnet Carré Spillway Freshwater Transport And Corresponding Biochemical Properties In The Mississippi Bight, Sabrina M. Parra, Virginie Sanial, Adam D. Boyette, M. Kemal Cambazoglu, Inia M. Soto, Adam T. Greer, Luciano M. Chiaverano, Angie Hoover, Michael S. Dinniman 2020 Old Dominion University

Bonnet Carré Spillway Freshwater Transport And Corresponding Biochemical Properties In The Mississippi Bight, Sabrina M. Parra, Virginie Sanial, Adam D. Boyette, M. Kemal Cambazoglu, Inia M. Soto, Adam T. Greer, Luciano M. Chiaverano, Angie Hoover, Michael S. Dinniman

CCPO Publications

Large freshwater pulses to coastal ecosystems change local hydrologic regimes and alter biogeochemical processes. The Mississippi Bight coastal ecosystem, located in the northern Gulf of Mexico shelf, is influenced by extensive freshwater inputs: the Mississippi River (MSR) and several smaller rivers to the east. Under river flood conditions, MSR waters flow through the Bonnet Carré Spillway (BCS) to relieve pressure on levees in New Orleans, Louisiana. In 2015, mild wintertime temperatures and heavy rainfall throughout the MSR watershed led to extreme flooding and prompted an unusually early BCS opening on January 10, 2016 for 23 days. This study examines the ...


Vims 2019 York River Estuary Data In Support Of: Improved Penetrometer Performance In Stratified Sediment For Cost-Effective Characterization, Monitoring And Management Of Submerged Munitions Sites (Serdp Project: Mr18-1233), Grace M. Massey, Cristin L. Wright, Carl T. Friedrichs 2020 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Vims 2019 York River Estuary Data In Support Of: Improved Penetrometer Performance In Stratified Sediment For Cost-Effective Characterization, Monitoring And Management Of Submerged Munitions Sites (Serdp Project: Mr18-1233), Grace M. Massey, Cristin L. Wright, Carl T. Friedrichs

Data

This work complements the efforts by the Virginia Tech Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering in SERDP MR18-1233, as described in the project’s final report (Stark et al, 2020) and in the Master’s thesis by Dennis Kiptoo (Kiptoo, 2020). One of the objectives of the project was to improve calibration of the Bluedrop free fall penetrometer (FFP) with high resolution sampling of a variety of sediment types. To accomplish this, a series of 9 stations over 12 cruises were visited along the York River, an estuary in the Virginia portion of the Chesapeake Bay, and in the Pamunkey River ...


Vims 2019 Potomac River Estuary Data In Support Of: Improved Penetrometer Performance In Stratified Sediment For Cost-Effective Characterization, Monitoring And Management Of Submerged Munitions Sites (Serdp Project: Mr18-1233), Grace M. Massey, Cristin L. Wright, Carl T. Friedrichs 2020 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Vims 2019 Potomac River Estuary Data In Support Of: Improved Penetrometer Performance In Stratified Sediment For Cost-Effective Characterization, Monitoring And Management Of Submerged Munitions Sites (Serdp Project: Mr18-1233), Grace M. Massey, Cristin L. Wright, Carl T. Friedrichs

Data

This work complements the efforts by the Virginia Tech Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering in SERDP MR18-1233, as described in the project’s final report (Stark et al, 2020) and in the Master’s thesis by Dennis Kiptoo (Kiptoo, 2020). Previous work on this project, conducted in the York River during 2018-2918 worked to improve calibration of the Bluedrop free fall penetrometer (FFP) with high resolution sampling of a variety of sediment types (Massey et al, 2020a). Calibration methods developed (Kiptoo, 2020) were used to rapidly identify different sediment types from a grid of 59 Bluedrop PPF stations sampled on ...


Geochemical Tracers Of Arctic Ocean Processes: A Study Of Gallium, Barium, And Vanadium, Laura M. Whitmore 2020 University of Southern Mississippi

Geochemical Tracers Of Arctic Ocean Processes: A Study Of Gallium, Barium, And Vanadium, Laura M. Whitmore

Dissertations

The Arctic Ocean is linked to the global oceans and climate through its connectivity with the North Atlantic Ocean and the regional thermohaline deep water formation sites. It’s also a region undergoing rapid environmental change. To inform the community of potential changes in geochemical and biogeochemical cycles, this dissertation addresses three dissolved geochemical tracers (gallium, barium, and vanadium) as indicators of Arctic Ocean processes. Gallium is tested as a replacement for nutrient-type tracers in an effort to deconvolve Pacific and Atlantic derived waters in the Arctic Ocean basins. These water masses carry different heat and salt content and can ...


A Critical Review Of The 15N2 Tracer Method To Measure Diazotrophic Production In Pelagic Ecosystems, Angelicque E. White, Julie Granger, Corday Seldon, Mary R. Gradoville, Lindsey Potts, Annie Bourbonnais, Robinson W. Fulweiler, Angela N. Knapp, Wiebke Mohr, Pia H. Moisander, Craig R. Tobias, Mathieu Caffin, Samuel T. Wilson, Mar Benavides, Sophie Bonnet, Margaret R. Mulholland, Bonnie X. Chang 2020 Old Dominion University

A Critical Review Of The 15N2 Tracer Method To Measure Diazotrophic Production In Pelagic Ecosystems, Angelicque E. White, Julie Granger, Corday Seldon, Mary R. Gradoville, Lindsey Potts, Annie Bourbonnais, Robinson W. Fulweiler, Angela N. Knapp, Wiebke Mohr, Pia H. Moisander, Craig R. Tobias, Mathieu Caffin, Samuel T. Wilson, Mar Benavides, Sophie Bonnet, Margaret R. Mulholland, Bonnie X. Chang

OEAS Faculty Publications

Dinitrogen (N2) fixation is an important source of biologically reactive nitrogen (N) to the global ocean. The magnitude of this flux, however, remains uncertain, in part because N2 fixation rates have been estimated following divergent protocols and because associated levels of uncertainty are seldom reported—confounding comparison and extrapolation of rate measurements. A growing number of reports of relatively low but potentially significant rates of N2 fixation in regions such as oxygen minimum zones, the mesopelagic water column of the tropical and subtropical oceans, and polar waters further highlights the need for standardized methodological protocols for measurements ...


Flow Model Of Offshore Input Of Nitrogen Into The Narragansett Bay, Christopher M. Sireci 2020 University of Rhode Island

Flow Model Of Offshore Input Of Nitrogen Into The Narragansett Bay, Christopher M. Sireci

Senior Honors Projects

Nitrogen is an important nutrient in ecosystems, as it is used in many biological processes, including the creation of DNA and RNA. However, excess nitrogen in an ecosystem can have adverse effects, such as triggering algal blooms, which limit sunlight penetration to bottom growth, and create anoxic zones. Large scale strategies to remove excess nitrogen from wastewater treatment plants have been utilized, but they are expensive and can potentially remove too much, while increasing greenhouse gas emissions. Thus, it is essential that we understand the accurate full nitrogen budget for an estuary.

Narragansett Bay, an important coastal marine ecosystem that ...


The 10th International Workshop On Modeling The Ocean (Iwmo 2018) In Santos, Brazil, June 25-28, 2018, Tal Ezer, Ricardo de Camargo, Clemente A. S. Tanajura, Fanghua Xu, Huijie Xue 2020 Old Dominion University

The 10th International Workshop On Modeling The Ocean (Iwmo 2018) In Santos, Brazil, June 25-28, 2018, Tal Ezer, Ricardo De Camargo, Clemente A. S. Tanajura, Fanghua Xu, Huijie Xue

CCPO Publications

The 10th International Workshop on Modeling the Ocean (IWMO 2018) was hosted by the University of Sao Paulo and held on June 25–28, 2018, at the beautiful coastal city of Santos, Brazil. This old city was founded by the Portuguese in the 1500s and is known for its world’s longest beach garden, the Coffee Museum and the Pele Museum (featuring the famous football player and a local hero). Since the inaugural IWMO meeting in Taiwan in 2009, meetings were held in Asia, Europe, North America, and Australia, but this was the first meeting to be held in South ...


Vulnerability And Resilience Of Tidal Marshes Along An Estuarine Salinity Gradient, Megan Gillen 2020 William & Mary

Vulnerability And Resilience Of Tidal Marshes Along An Estuarine Salinity Gradient, Megan Gillen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Tidal marshes are coastal landforms that provide invaluable ecosystem services but are vulnerable to sea-level rise and saltwater intrusion. Processes at the marsh seaward and landward boundaries control their size and survival. At the seaward boundary, a primary cause of marsh loss is erosion. However, it is currently unknown how increased saltwater intrusion will affect erosion rates. At the landward boundary, marshes migrate into adjacent terrestrial uplands which undergo stresses from rising sea-level, expanding wetland lateral extent. This thesis assesses marsh vulnerability to saltwater intrusion by quantifying marsh erodibility and migration potential along a salinity gradient in the York River ...


Changes In Atmospheric, Meteorological, And Ocean Parameters Associated With The 12 January 2020 Taal Volcanic Eruption, Feng Jing, Akshansa Chauhan, Ramesh P. Singh, Prasanjit Dash 2020 China Earthquake Administration

Changes In Atmospheric, Meteorological, And Ocean Parameters Associated With The 12 January 2020 Taal Volcanic Eruption, Feng Jing, Akshansa Chauhan, Ramesh P. Singh, Prasanjit Dash

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

The Taal volcano erupted on 12 January 2020, the first time since 1977. About 35 mild earthquakes (magnitude greater than 4.0) were observed on 12 January 2020 induced from the eruption. In the present paper, we analyzed optical properties of volcanic aerosols, volcanic gas emission, ocean parameters using multi-satellite sensors, namely, MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer), AIRS (Atmospheric Infrared Sounder), OMI (Ozone Monitoring Instrument), TROPOMI (TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument) and ground observations, namely, Argo, and AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork) data. Our detailed analysis shows pronounced changes in all the parameters, which mainly occurred in the western and south-western regions because ...


Methanethiol, Dimethyl Sulfide And Acetone Over Biologically Productive Waters In The Southwest Pacific Ocean, Sarah J. Lawson, Cliff S. Law, Mike J. Harvey, Thomas G. Bell, Carolyn F. Walker, Warren J. De Bruyn, Eric S. Saltzman 2020 ommonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia

Methanethiol, Dimethyl Sulfide And Acetone Over Biologically Productive Waters In The Southwest Pacific Ocean, Sarah J. Lawson, Cliff S. Law, Mike J. Harvey, Thomas G. Bell, Carolyn F. Walker, Warren J. De Bruyn, Eric S. Saltzman

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Atmospheric methanethiol (MeSHa), dimethyl sulfide (DMSa) and acetone (acetonea) were measured over biologically productive frontal waters in the remote southwest Pacific Ocean in summertime 2012 during the Surface Ocean Aerosol Production (SOAP) voyage. MeSHa mixing ratios varied from below the detection limit (< 10 ppt) up to 65 ppt and were 3 %–36 % of parallel DMSa mixing ratios. MeSHa and DMSa were correlated over the voyage (R2=0.3, slope = 0.07) with a stronger correlation over a coccolithophore-dominated phytoplankton bloom (R2=0.5, slope 0.13). The diurnal cycle for MeSHa shows similar behaviour to DMSa with mixing ratios varying by a ...


Rockhounding, Seafaring, And Other Material Tales For The End Of The World, Noemie Fortin 2020 Concordia University, Montreal

Rockhounding, Seafaring, And Other Material Tales For The End Of The World, Noemie Fortin

The Goose

In the face of accelerated environmental degradation and climate instability, the future of the Earth and of all life on earth is difficult to visualize. Therefore, the different mediums through which we consider environmental issues are just as important as the actions we take to address them. Focusing on three projects combining art, science, and activism, this article suggests a compilation of material tales. They tell stories of plastic rocks and aluminum nuggets where the protagonists are partly finely crafted objects, partly waste materials, and sometimes both at once. Artists Kelly Jazvac, Yesenia Thibeault-Picazo, and the collective Studio Swine collaborate ...


Role Of Coastal Environmental Conditions During Austral Winter On Plankton Community Dynamics And The Occurrence Of Pseudo-Nitzschia Spp. And Domoic Acid In Inhambane Province, Mozambique, Holly Kelchner 2020 Louisiana State University

Role Of Coastal Environmental Conditions During Austral Winter On Plankton Community Dynamics And The Occurrence Of Pseudo-Nitzschia Spp. And Domoic Acid In Inhambane Province, Mozambique, Holly Kelchner

LSU Master's Theses

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are increasing globally in frequency, persistence, and geographic extent. HABs pose a threat to economic stability, and ecosystem and human health. To date no incidences of marine toxins produced by phytoplankton have been recorded in Mozambique, which may be due to the absence of a monitoring program and general awareness of the potential threat. This study is the first documentation of the occurrence of a neurotoxin, domoic acid (DA), produced by the diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia spp. along the east coast of Africa. The coast of Inhambane Province is a biodiversity hotspot where year-round Rhincodon typus (whale ...


Massive Pollutants Released To Galveston Bay During Hurricane Harvey: Understanding Their Retention And Pathway Using Lagrangian Numerical Simulations, Jiabi Du, Kyeong Park, Xin Yu, Yinglong J. Zhang, Fei Ye 2020 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Massive Pollutants Released To Galveston Bay During Hurricane Harvey: Understanding Their Retention And Pathway Using Lagrangian Numerical Simulations, Jiabi Du, Kyeong Park, Xin Yu, Yinglong J. Zhang, Fei Ye

VIMS Articles

Increasing frequency of extreme precipitation events under the future warming climate makes the storm-related pollutant release more and more threatening to coastal ecosystems. Hurricane Harvey, a 1000-year extreme precipitation event, caused massive pollutant release from the Houston metropolitan area to the adjacent Galveston Bay. 0.57 × 106 tons of raw sewage and 22,000 barrels of oil, refined fuels and chemicals were reportly released during Harvey, which would likely deteriorate the water quality and damage the coastal ecosystem. Using a Lagrangian particle-tracking method coupled with a validated 3D hydrodynamic model, we examined the retention, pathway, and fate of the ...


A Pre-Industrial Sea-Level Rise Hotspot Along The Atlantic Coast Of North America, W. R. Gehrels, Sönke Dangendorf, N. L. M. Barlow, M. H. Saher, A. J. Long, P. L. Woodworth, C. G. Piecuch, K. Berk 2020 Old Dominion University

A Pre-Industrial Sea-Level Rise Hotspot Along The Atlantic Coast Of North America, W. R. Gehrels, Sönke Dangendorf, N. L. M. Barlow, M. H. Saher, A. J. Long, P. L. Woodworth, C. G. Piecuch, K. Berk

CCPO Publications

The Atlantic coast of North America north of Cape Hatteras has been proposed as a “hotspot” of late 20th century sea‐level rise. Here we test, using salt‐marsh proxy sea‐level records, if this coast experienced enhanced sea‐level rise over earlier multidecadal‐centennial periods. While we find in agreement with previous studies that 20th century rates of sea‐level change were higher compared to rates during preceding centuries, rates of 18th century sea‐level rise were only slightly lower, suggesting that the “hotspot” is a reoccurring feature for at least three centuries. Proxy sea‐level records from North ...


Organic Sulfur: A Spatially Variable And Understudied Component Of Marine Organic Matter, Krista Longnecker, Lisa Oswald, Melissa C. Kido Soule, Gregory A. Cutter, Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 2020 Old Dominion University

Organic Sulfur: A Spatially Variable And Understudied Component Of Marine Organic Matter, Krista Longnecker, Lisa Oswald, Melissa C. Kido Soule, Gregory A. Cutter, Elizabeth B. Kujawinski

OEAS Faculty Publications

Sulfur (S) is a major heteroatom in organic matter. This project evaluated spatial variability in the concentration and molecular-level composition of organic sulfur along gradients of depth and latitude. We measured the concentration of total organic sulfur (TOS) directly from whole seawater. Our data reveal high variability in organic sulfur, relative to established variability in total organic carbon or nitrogen. The deep ocean contained significant amounts of organic sulfur, and the concentration of TOS in North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) decreased with increasing age while total organic carbon remained stable. Analysis of dissolved organic matter extracts by ultrahigh resolution mass ...


Seasonal Variability Of The Co2 System In A Large Coastal Plain Estuary, Jaclyn R. Friedman, Elizabeth H. Shadwick, Marjorie A.M. Friedrichs, Raymond G. Najjar, Olivia A. De Meo, Fei Da, Juliette L. Smith 2020 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Seasonal Variability Of The Co2 System In A Large Coastal Plain Estuary, Jaclyn R. Friedman, Elizabeth H. Shadwick, Marjorie A.M. Friedrichs, Raymond G. Najjar, Olivia A. De Meo, Fei Da, Juliette L. Smith

VIMS Articles

The Chesapeake Bay, a large coastal plain estuary, has been studied extensively in terms of its water quality, and yet, comparatively less is known about its carbonate system. Here we present discrete observations of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and total alkalinity from four seasonal cruises in 2016–2017. These new observations are used to characterize the regional CO2 system and to construct a DIC budget of the mainstem. In all seasons, elevated DIC concentrations were observed at the mouth of the bay associated with inflowing Atlantic Ocean waters, while minimum concentrations of DIC were associated with fresher waters at ...


Reproductive Biology And Trophic Niche Of Hardhead Catfish In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico, Lucas G. Pensinger 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Reproductive Biology And Trophic Niche Of Hardhead Catfish In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico, Lucas G. Pensinger

LSU Master's Theses

Generally, marine fishes have very high fecundity with each female producing many small eggs which hatch into small larvae. However, Ariopsis felis, a species of marine catfish common to coastal Louisiana, has low fecundity and produces the largest eggs of the teleost fishes. Despite wide range and generally high abundance, we know very little of A. felis biology and population. The few existing studies of A. felis are older and often have questionable or unclear methodology.

I examined four aspects of A. felis reproductive biology: 1) reproductive timing,

2) fecundity, 3) length at first maturity, and 4) mouth brooding. I ...


Lake Pontchartrain Data, Chunyan Li 2020 Coastal Studies Institute, School of the Coast and Environment, Louisiana State University

Lake Pontchartrain Data, Chunyan Li

WAVCIS

The ADCP data file use the RDI standard ASCII format. For the variables please check with the RDI ADCP document. The salinity file has the surface thermosalinigraph data along a river plume inside the Lake Pontchartrain obtained on May 11, 2011, after a freshwater diversion from the Bonnet Carre Spillway from the Mississippi River. Time is in the standard UTC. Data include the surface water temperature (C), salinity (PSU), latitude, longitude, hour, minute, and second. The data were obtained from a moving boat. It was a survey supported by an NSF RAPID project. The data are used in a paper ...


Microplastics In Aquatic Organisms: Improving Understanding And Identifying Research Directions For The Next Decade, Elise F. Granek, Susanne Brander, E. B. Holland 2020 Portland State University

Microplastics In Aquatic Organisms: Improving Understanding And Identifying Research Directions For The Next Decade, Elise F. Granek, Susanne Brander, E. B. Holland

Environmental Science and Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

The study of environmental microplastics has increased over the past decade, with hundreds of new studies and resultant papers on the presence, fate, and sources of microplastics in marine and freshwater systems (Fig. 1). Despite the explosion of interest in the topic and in comparison to the research on the presence of microplastics in marine or fresh waters, there have been notably fewer studies on the extent to which these debris items are ingested by aquatic organisms and far fewer on the potential consequences, or response to their presence in organismal guts, tissues, and food webs. Even less research has ...


Modeling Iron And Light Controls On The Summer Phaeocystis Antarctica Bloom In The Amundsen Sea Polynya, Hilde Oliver, Pierre St-Laurent, Robert M. Sherrell, Patricia L. Yaeger 2020 Old Dominion University

Modeling Iron And Light Controls On The Summer Phaeocystis Antarctica Bloom In The Amundsen Sea Polynya, Hilde Oliver, Pierre St-Laurent, Robert M. Sherrell, Patricia L. Yaeger

CCPO Publications

Of all the Antarctic coastal polynyas, the Amundsen Sea Polynya is the most productive per unit area. Observations from the 2010-2011 Amundsen Sea Polynya International Research Expedition (ASPIRE) revealed that both light and iron can limit the growth of phytoplankton (Phaeocystis antarctica), but how these controls manifest over the bloom season is poorly understood, especially with respect to their climate sensitivity. Using a 1-D biogeochemical model, we examine the influence of light and iron limitation on the phytoplankton bloom and vertical carbon flux at 12 stations representing different bloom stages within the polynya. Model parameters are determined by Bayesian optimization ...


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