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Using Object Detection To Navigate A Game Playfield, Peter Kearnan Hyde-Smith 2023 Marquette University

Using Object Detection To Navigate A Game Playfield, Peter Kearnan Hyde-Smith

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Perhaps the crown jewel of AI is the self-navigating agent. To take many sources of data as input and use it to traverse complex and varied areas while mitigating risk and damage to the vehicle that is being controlled, visual object detection is a key part of the overall suite of this technology. While much efforts are being put towards real-world applications, for example self-driving cars, healthcare related issues and automated manufacturing, we apply object detection in a different way; the automation of movement across a video game play field. We take the TensorFlow Object Detection API and use it …


The Vehicle Routing Problem With Simultaneous Pickup And Delivery And Occasional Drivers, Vincent F. YU, Grace ALOINA, Panca JODIAWAN, Aldy GUNAWAN, Tsung-C. HUANG 2023 Singapore Management University

The Vehicle Routing Problem With Simultaneous Pickup And Delivery And Occasional Drivers, Vincent F. Yu, Grace Aloina, Panca Jodiawan, Aldy Gunawan, Tsung-C. Huang

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

This research addresses the Vehicle Routing Problem with Simultaneous Pickup and Delivery and Occasional Drivers (VRPSPDOD), which is inspired from the importance of addressing product returns and the emerging notion of involving available crowds to perform pickup and delivery activities in exchange for some compensation. At the depot, a set of regular vehicles is available to deliver and/or pick up customers’ goods. A set of occasional drivers, each defined by their origin, destination, and flexibility, is also able to help serve the customers. The objective of VRPSPDOD is to minimize the total traveling cost of operating regular vehicles and total …


Learning Comprehensive Global Features In Person Re-Identification: Ensuring Discriminativeness Of More Local Regions, Jiali XIA, Jianqiang HUANG, Shibao ZHENG, Qin ZHOU, Bernt SCHIELE, Xian-Sheng HUA, Qianru SUN 2023 Singapore Management University

Learning Comprehensive Global Features In Person Re-Identification: Ensuring Discriminativeness Of More Local Regions, Jiali Xia, Jianqiang Huang, Shibao Zheng, Qin Zhou, Bernt Schiele, Xian-Sheng Hua, Qianru Sun

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Person re-identification (Re-ID) aims to retrieve person images from a large gallery given a query image of a person of interest. Global information and fine-grained local features are both essential for the representation. However, global embedding learned by naive classification model tends to be trapped in the most discriminative local region, leading to poor evaluation performance. To address the issue, we propose a novel baseline network that learns strong global feature termed as Comprehensive Global Embedding (CGE), ensuring more local regions of global feature maps to be discriminative. In this work, two key modules are proposed including Non-parameterized Local Classifier …


Safe Delivery Of Critical Services In Areas With Volatile Security Situation Via A Stackelberg Game Approach, Tien MAI, Arunesh SINHA 2023 Singapore Management University

Safe Delivery Of Critical Services In Areas With Volatile Security Situation Via A Stackelberg Game Approach, Tien Mai, Arunesh Sinha

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Vaccine delivery in under-resourced locations with security risks is not just challenging but also life threatening. The COVID pandemic and the need to vaccinate added even more urgency to this issue. Motivated by this problem, we propose a general framework to set-up limited temporary (vaccination) centers that balance physical security and desired (vaccine) service coverage with limited resources. We set-up the problem as a Stackelberg game between the centers operator (defender) and an adversary, where the set of centers is not fixed a priori but is part of the decision output. This results in a mixed combinatorial and continuous optimization …


A Fair Incentive Scheme For Community Health Workers, Avinandan BOSE, Tracey LI, Arunesh SINHA, Tien MAI 2023 Singapore Management University

A Fair Incentive Scheme For Community Health Workers, Avinandan Bose, Tracey Li, Arunesh Sinha, Tien Mai

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Community health workers (CHWs) play a crucial role in the last mile delivery of essential health services to under-served populations in low-income countries. Many non-governmental organizations (NGOs) provide training and support to enable CHWs to deliver health services to their communities, with no charge to the recipients of the services. This includes monetary compensation for the work that CHWs perform, which is broken down into a series of well-defined tasks. In this work, we partner with a NGO D-Tree International to design a fair monetary compensation scheme for tasks performed by CHWs in the semi-autonomous region of Zanzibar in Tanzania, …


Online Hyperparameter Optimization For Class-Incremental Learning, Yaoyao LIU, Yingying LI, Bernt SCHIELE, Qianru SUN 2023 Singapore Management University

Online Hyperparameter Optimization For Class-Incremental Learning, Yaoyao Liu, Yingying Li, Bernt Schiele, Qianru Sun

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Class-incremental learning (CIL) aims to train a classification model while the number of classes increases phase-by-phase. An inherent challenge of CIL is the stability-plasticity tradeoff, i.e., CIL models should keep stable to retain old knowledge and keep plastic to absorb new knowledge. However, none of the existing CIL models can achieve the optimal tradeoff in different data-receiving settings—where typically the training-from-half (TFH) setting needs more stability, but the training-from-scratch (TFS) needs more plasticity. To this end, we design an online learning method that can adaptively optimize the tradeoff without knowing the setting as a priori. Specifically, we first introduce the …


Towards Carbon Neutrality: Prediction Of Wave Energy Based On Improved Gru In Maritime Transportation, Zhihan Lv, Nana Wang, Ranran Lou, Yajun Tian, Mohsen Guizani 2023 Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology

Towards Carbon Neutrality: Prediction Of Wave Energy Based On Improved Gru In Maritime Transportation, Zhihan Lv, Nana Wang, Ranran Lou, Yajun Tian, Mohsen Guizani

Machine Learning Faculty Publications

Efficient use of renewable energy is one of the critical measures to achieve carbon neutrality. Countries have introduced policies to put carbon neutrality on the agenda to achieve relatively zero emissions of greenhouse gases and to cope with the crisis brought about by global warming. This work analyzes the wave energy with high energy density and wide distribution based on understanding of various renewable energy sources. This study provides a wave energy prediction model for energy harvesting. At the same time, the Gated Recurrent Unit network (GRU), Bayesian optimization algorithm, and attention mechanism are introduced to improve the model's performance. …


Enhanced Convolutional Neural Network For Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Classification, Yahya Tashtoush, Rasha Obeidat, Abdallah Al-Shorman, Omar Darwish, Mohammad A. Al-Ramahi, Dirar Darweesh 2023 Jordan University of Science and Technology

Enhanced Convolutional Neural Network For Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Classification, Yahya Tashtoush, Rasha Obeidat, Abdallah Al-Shorman, Omar Darwish, Mohammad A. Al-Ramahi, Dirar Darweesh

Computer Information Systems Faculty Publications

Lung cancer is a common type of cancer that causes death if not detected
early enough. Doctors use computed tomography (CT) images to diagnose
lung cancer. The accuracy of the diagnosis relies highly on the doctor's
expertise. Recently, clinical decision support systems based on deep learning
valuable recommendations to doctors in their diagnoses. In this paper, we
present several deep learning models to detect non-small cell lung cancer in
CT images and differentiate its main subtypes namely adenocarcinoma,
large cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. We adopted standard
convolutional neural networks (CNN), visual geometry group-16 (VGG16),
and VGG19. Besides, we …


Artificial Intelligence, Basic Skills, And Quantitative Literacy, Gizem Karaali 2023 Pomona College

Artificial Intelligence, Basic Skills, And Quantitative Literacy, Gizem Karaali

Numeracy

The introduction in November 2022 of ChatGPT, a freely available language-based artificial intelligence, has led to concerns among some educators about the feasibility and benefits of teaching basic writing and critical thinking skills to students in the context of easily accessed, AI-based cheating mechanisms. As of now, ChatGPT can write pretty convincing student-level prose, but it is still not very good at answering quantitatively rich questions. Therefore, for the time being, the preceding concerns may not be shared by a large portion of the numeracy education community. However, as Google and WolframAlpha are definitely capable of answering standard and some …


Teaching By Practice: Shaping Secure Coding Mentalities Through Cybersecurity Ctfs, Jazmin Collins, Vitaly Ford 2023 Arcadia University

Teaching By Practice: Shaping Secure Coding Mentalities Through Cybersecurity Ctfs, Jazmin Collins, Vitaly Ford

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

The use of the Capture the Flag (CTF)-style competitions has grown popular in a variety of environments as a method to improve or reinforce cybersecurity techniques. However, while these competitions have shown promise in student engagement, enjoyment, and the teaching of essential workforce cybersecurity concepts, many of these CTF challenges have largely focused on cybersecurity as a general topic. Further, most in-school CTF challenges are designed with technical institutes in mind, prepping only experienced or upper-level students in cybersecurity studies for real-world challenges. Our paper aims to focus on the setting of a liberal arts institute, emphasizing secure coding as …


Lightweight Pairwise Key Distribution Scheme For Iots, Kanwalinderjit Kaur 2023 California State University, Bakersfield

Lightweight Pairwise Key Distribution Scheme For Iots, Kanwalinderjit Kaur

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

Embedding a pairwise key distribution approach in IoT systems is challenging as IoT devices have limited resources, such as memory, processing power, and battery life. This paper presents a secure and lightweight approach that is applied to IoT devices that are divided into Voronoi clusters. This proposed algorithm comprises XOR and concatenation operations for interactive authentication between the server and the IoT devices. Predominantly, the authentication is carried out by the server. It is observed that the algorithm is resilient against man-in-the-middle attacks, forward secrecy, Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, and offers mutual authentication. It is also observed that the …


Reinventing Cybersecurity Internships During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Lori L. Sussman 2023 University of Southern Maine

Reinventing Cybersecurity Internships During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Lori L. Sussman

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

The Cybersecurity Ambassador Program provides professional skills training for emerging cybersecurity professionals remotely. The goal is to reach out to underrepresented populations who may use Federal Work-Study (FWS) or grant sponsored internships to participate. Cybersecurity Ambassadors (CAs) develop skills that will serve them well as cybersecurity workers prepared to do research, lead multidisciplinary, technical teams, and educate stakeholders and community members. CAP also reinforces leadership skills so that the next generation of cybersecurity professionals becomes a sustainable source of management talent for the program and profession. The remote curriculum innovatively builds non-technical professional skills (communications, teamwork, leadership) for cybersecurity research …


Risk Perceptions About Personal Internet-Of-Things: Research Directions From A Multi-Panel Delphi Study, Paul M. Di Gangi, Barbara A. Wech, Jennifer D. Hamrick, James L. Worrell, Samuel H. Goh 2023 University of Alabama at Birmingham

Risk Perceptions About Personal Internet-Of-Things: Research Directions From A Multi-Panel Delphi Study, Paul M. Di Gangi, Barbara A. Wech, Jennifer D. Hamrick, James L. Worrell, Samuel H. Goh

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

Internet-of-Things (IoT) research has primarily focused on identifying IoT devices' organizational risks with little attention to consumer perceptions about IoT device risks. The purpose of this study is to understand consumer risk perceptions for personal IoT devices and translate these perceptions into guidance for future research directions. We conduct a sequential, mixed-methods study using multi-panel Delphi and thematic analysis techniques to understand consumer risk perceptions. The results identify four themes focused on data exposure and user experiences within IoT devices. Our thematic analysis also identified several emerging risks associated with the evolution of IoT device functionality and its potential positioning …


Cybersecurity Continuity Risks: Lessons Learned From The Covid-19 Pandemic, Tyler Fezzey, John H. Batchelor, Gerald F. Burch, Randall Reid 2023 University of West Florida

Cybersecurity Continuity Risks: Lessons Learned From The Covid-19 Pandemic, Tyler Fezzey, John H. Batchelor, Gerald F. Burch, Randall Reid

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

The scope and breadth of the COVID-19 pandemic were unprecedented. This is especially true for business continuity and the related area of cybersecurity. Historically, business continuity and cybersecurity are viewed and researched as separate fields. This paper synthesizes the two disciplines as one, thus pointing out the need to address both topics simultaneously. This study identifies blind spots experienced by businesses as they navigated through the difficult time of the pandemic by using data collected during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic. One major shortcoming was that most continuity and cybersecurity plans focused on single-axis threats. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted …


Alpha Phi-Shing Fraternity: Phishing Assessment In A Higher Education Institution, Marco Casagrande, Mauro Conti, Monica Fedeli, Eleonora Losiouk 2023 University of Padua

Alpha Phi-Shing Fraternity: Phishing Assessment In A Higher Education Institution, Marco Casagrande, Mauro Conti, Monica Fedeli, Eleonora Losiouk

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

Phishing is a common social engineering attack aimed to steal personal information. Universities attract phishing attacks because: 1) they store employees and students sensitive data, 2) they save confidential documents, 3) their infrastructures often lack security. In this paper, we showcase a phishing assessment at the University of Redacted aimed to identify the people, and the features of such people, that are more susceptible to phishing attacks. We delivered phishing emails to 1.508 subjects in three separate batches, collecting a clickrate equal to 30%, 11% and 13%, respectively. We considered several features (i.e., age, gender, role, working/studying field, email template) …


Workforce Of The Future Begins With Aviation Stem, Lyndsay Digneo 2023 Federal Aviation Administration

Workforce Of The Future Begins With Aviation Stem, Lyndsay Digneo

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

The United States has always been a world leader in aviation. This leadership position relies on the strength of the American STEM workforce and the quality of the nation’s educational, industrial, and government institutions. Therefore, it is imperative to nurture today’s students to become a well-trained STEM workforce in the future.

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) William J. Hughes Technical Center (WJHTC) recognizes that in pursuing its mission of aviation research, engineering, development, and test and evaluation, it is in a unique position to support aviation STEM activities for schools (K-12), post-secondary institutions, and community organizations. In 2016, the Technical …


A Bidirectional Deep Lstm Machine Learning Method For Flight Delay Modelling And Analysis, Desmond B. Bisandu, Irene Moulitsas 2023 Cranfield University

A Bidirectional Deep Lstm Machine Learning Method For Flight Delay Modelling And Analysis, Desmond B. Bisandu, Irene Moulitsas

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

Flight delays can be prevented by providing a reference point from an accurate prediction model because predicting flight delays is a problem with a specific space. Only a few algorithms consider predicted classes' mutual correlation during flight delay classification or prediction modelling tasks. None of these existing methods works for all scenarios. Therefore, the need to investigate the performance of more models in solving the problem of flight delay is vast and rapidly increasing. This paper presents the development and evaluation of LSTM and BiLSTM models by comparing them for a flight delay prediction. The LSTM does the feature extraction …


Integrated Organizational Machine Learning For Aviation Flight Data, Michael J. Pritchard, Paul Thomas, Eric Webb, Jon Martin, Austin Walden 2023 Kansas State University

Integrated Organizational Machine Learning For Aviation Flight Data, Michael J. Pritchard, Paul Thomas, Eric Webb, Jon Martin, Austin Walden

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

An increased availability of data and computing power has allowed organizations to apply machine learning techniques to various fleet monitoring activities. Additionally, our ability to acquire aircraft data has increased due to the miniaturization of small form factor computing machines. Aircraft data collection processes contain many data features in the form of multivariate time-series (continuous, discrete, categorical, etc.) which can be used to train machine learning models. Yet, three major challenges still face many flight organizations 1) integration and automation of data collection frameworks, 2) data cleanup and preparation, and 3) embedded machine learning framework. Data cleanup and preparation has …


Semantic Orientation Of Crosslingual Sentiments: Employment Of Lexicon And Dictionaries, Arslan Ali Raza, Asad Habib, Jawad Ashraf, Babar Shah, Fernando Moreira 2023 Kohat University of Science and Technology

Semantic Orientation Of Crosslingual Sentiments: Employment Of Lexicon And Dictionaries, Arslan Ali Raza, Asad Habib, Jawad Ashraf, Babar Shah, Fernando Moreira

All Works

Sentiment Analysis is a modern discipline at the crossroads of data mining and natural language processing. It is concerned with the computational treatment of public moods shared in the form of text over social networking websites. Social media users express their feelings in conversations through cross-lingual terms, intensifiers, enhancers, reducers, symbols, and Net Lingo. However, the generic Sentiment Analysis (SA) research lacks comprehensive coverage about such abstruseness. In particular, they are inapt in the semantic orientation of Crosslingual based code switching, capitalization and accentuation of opinionative text due to the lack of annotated corpora, computational resources, linguistic processing and inefficient …


A Deep Learning Based Dual Encoder–Decoder Framework For Anatomical Structure Segmentation In Chest X-Ray Images, Ihsan Ullah, Farman Ali, Babar Shah, Shaker El-Sappagh, Tamer Abuhmed, Sang Hyun Park 2023 Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology

A Deep Learning Based Dual Encoder–Decoder Framework For Anatomical Structure Segmentation In Chest X-Ray Images, Ihsan Ullah, Farman Ali, Babar Shah, Shaker El-Sappagh, Tamer Abuhmed, Sang Hyun Park

All Works

Automated multi-organ segmentation plays an essential part in the computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) of chest X-ray fluoroscopy. However, developing a CAD system for the anatomical structure segmentation remains challenging due to several indistinct structures, variations in the anatomical structure shape among different individuals, the presence of medical tools, such as pacemakers and catheters, and various artifacts in the chest radiographic images. In this paper, we propose a robust deep learning segmentation framework for the anatomical structure in chest radiographs that utilizes a dual encoder–decoder convolutional neural network (CNN). The first network in the dual encoder–decoder structure effectively utilizes a pre-trained VGG19 …


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