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Short Term Energy Consumption Forecasting Using Neural Basis Expansion Analysis For Interpretable Time Series, Abdul Khalique Shaikh, Amril Nazir, Imran Khan, Abdul Salam Shah 2022 Sultan Qaboos University

Short Term Energy Consumption Forecasting Using Neural Basis Expansion Analysis For Interpretable Time Series, Abdul Khalique Shaikh, Amril Nazir, Imran Khan, Abdul Salam Shah

All Works

Smart grids and smart homes are getting people's attention in the modern era of smart cities. The advancements of smart technologies and smart grids have created challenges related to energy efficiency and production according to the future demand of clients. Machine learning, specifically neural network-based methods, remained successful in energy consumption prediction, but still, there are gaps due to uncertainty in the data and limitations of the algorithms. Research published in the literature has used small datasets and profiles of primarily single users; therefore, models have difficulties when applied to large datasets with profiles of different customers. Thus, a smart …


Challenges And Measurements For Governance Of Modern Cyber Space Society, Pinghui WANG, Hongbin PEI, Junzhou ZHAO, Tao QIN, Chao SHEN, Dongliang LIU, Xiaohong GUAN 2022 MOE Key Lab for Intelligent Networks and Network Security, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China

Challenges And Measurements For Governance Of Modern Cyber Space Society, Pinghui Wang, Hongbin Pei, Junzhou Zhao, Tao Qin, Chao Shen, Dongliang Liu, Xiaohong Guan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The rapid development of information technology has unprecedentedly created a prosperous cyber society and greatly enhanced productivity facilitated by social interaction. At the same time, many problems emerge in the cyber society, such as telecom fraud, privacy leakage, Internet pollution, and algorithmic discrimination. The problems bring new challenges to social order and security. In order to find the way of cyber society governance and promote the modernization of national governance, this paper first presents the analyses on the new problems encountered in the cyber society in three typical scenarios, i.e., identity governance, behavior governance, and algorithm governance, as well as …


Big Data Technology Enabling Legal Supervision, Qingjie LIU, Shuo LIU, Yirong WU, Yueqiang WENG, Yihao WEN, Ming LI 2022 Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China

Big Data Technology Enabling Legal Supervision, Qingjie Liu, Shuo Liu, Yirong Wu, Yueqiang Weng, Yihao Wen, Ming Li

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Legal supervision plays an important role in the national governance system and capacity. In the era of digital revolution, the rapid development of digital procuratorial work with big data legal supervision as the core promotes to reshape the legal supervision and governance system. In this study, the inherent need of legal supervision for active prosecution in the new era, and the innovative role of new public interest litigation in comprehensive social governance, are firstly analyzed. Then, the core meaning and reshaping role of big-data-enabling-legalsupervision and supervision-promoting-national-governance of digital prosecution are discussed. After summarizing the practical experiences and challenges of big …


Towards Parking Lot Occupancy Assessment Using Aerial Imagery And Computer Vision, John Jewell 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Towards Parking Lot Occupancy Assessment Using Aerial Imagery And Computer Vision, John Jewell

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Advances in Computer Vision and Aerial Imaging have enabled countless downstream applications. To this end, aerial imagery could be leveraged to analyze the usage of parking lots. This would enable retail centres to allocate space better and eliminate the parking oversupply problem. With this use case in mind, the proposed research introduces a novel framework for parking lot occupancy assessments. The framework consists of a pipeline of components that map a sequence of image sets spanning a parking lot at different time intervals to a parking lot turnover heatmap that encodes the frequency each parking stall was used. The pipeline …


Hybrid Life Cycles In Software Development, Eric Vincent Schoenborn 2022 Grand Valley State University

Hybrid Life Cycles In Software Development, Eric Vincent Schoenborn

Culminating Experience Projects

This project applied software specification gathering, architecture, work planning, and development to a real-world development effort for a local business. This project began with a feasibility meeting with the owner of Zeal Aerial Fitness. After feasibility was assessed the intended users, needed functionality, and expected user restrictions were identified with the stakeholders. A hybrid software lifecycle was selected to allow a focus on base functionality up front followed by an iterative development of expectations of the stakeholders. I was able to create various specification diagrams that express the end projects goals to both developers and non-tech individuals using a standard …


Defining Traffic Scenarios For The Visually Impaired, Judith Jakob, Kordula Kugele, József Tick 2022 Furtwangen University of Applied Sciences

Defining Traffic Scenarios For The Visually Impaired, Judith Jakob, Kordula Kugele, József Tick

The Qualitative Report

For the development of a transfer concept of camera-based object detections from Advanced Driver Assistance Systems to the assistance of the visually impaired, we define relevant traffic scenarios and vision use cases by means of problem-centered interviews with four experts and ten members of the target group. We identify the six traffic scenarios: general orientation, navigating to an address, crossing a road, obstacle avoidance, boarding a bus, and at the train station clustered into the three categories: Orientation, Pedestrian, and Public Transport. Based on the data, we describe each traffic scenario and derive a summarizing table adapted from software engineering …


A Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Model For Detecting Keratoconus, Zaid Abdi Alkareem Alyasseri, Ali H. Al-Timemy, Ammar Kamal Abasi, Alexandru Lavric, Husam Jasim Mohammed, Hidenori Takahashi, Jose Arthur Milhomens Filho, Mauro Campos, Rossen M. Hazarbassanov, Siamak Yousefi 2022 University of Kufa, Information Technology Research and Development Centre

A Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Model For Detecting Keratoconus, Zaid Abdi Alkareem Alyasseri, Ali H. Al-Timemy, Ammar Kamal Abasi, Alexandru Lavric, Husam Jasim Mohammed, Hidenori Takahashi, Jose Arthur Milhomens Filho, Mauro Campos, Rossen M. Hazarbassanov, Siamak Yousefi

Machine Learning Faculty Publications

Machine learning models have recently provided great promise in diagnosis of several ophthalmic disorders, including keratoconus (KCN). Keratoconus, a noninflammatory ectatic corneal disorder characterized by progressive cornea thinning, is challenging to detect as signs may be subtle. Several machine learning models have been proposed to detect KCN, however most of the models are supervised and thus require large well-annotated data. This paper proposes a new unsupervised model to detect KCN, based on adapted flower pollination algorithm (FPA) and the k-means algorithm. We will evaluate the proposed models using corneal data collected from 5430 eyes at different stages of KCN severity …


Folk Theories, Recommender Systems, And Human-Centered Explainable Artificial Intelligence (Hcxai), Michael Ridley 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Folk Theories, Recommender Systems, And Human-Centered Explainable Artificial Intelligence (Hcxai), Michael Ridley

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study uses folk theories to enhance human-centered “explainable AI” (HCXAI). The complexity and opacity of machine learning has compelled the need for explainability. Consumer services like Amazon, Facebook, TikTok, and Spotify have resulted in machine learning becoming ubiquitous in the everyday lives of the non-expert, lay public. The following research questions inform this study: What are the folk theories of users that explain how a recommender system works? Is there a relationship between the folk theories of users and the principles of HCXAI that would facilitate the development of more transparent and explainable recommender systems? Using the Spotify music …


Advances In The Automatic Detection Of Optimization Opportunities In Computer Programs, Delaram Talaashrafi 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Advances In The Automatic Detection Of Optimization Opportunities In Computer Programs, Delaram Talaashrafi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Massively parallel and heterogeneous systems together with their APIs have been used for various applications. To achieve high-performance software, the programmer should develop optimized algorithms to maximize the system’s resource utilization. However, designing such algorithms is challenging and time-consuming. Therefore, optimizing compilers are developed to take part in the programmer’s optimization burden. Developing effective optimizing compilers is an active area of research. Specifically, because loop nests are usually the hot spots in a program, their optimization has been the main subject of many optimization algorithms. This thesis aims to improve the scope and applicability of performance optimization algorithms used in …


Full-Text Search Using Elasticsearch, Akash Shrestha 2022 Grand Valley State University

Full-Text Search Using Elasticsearch, Akash Shrestha

Culminating Experience Projects

Search engines have changed the way we use the internet. They can search or filter out relevant and valuable content of interest to the users. But many of the applications we use today lack search or are just poor. So how can we leverage the same power of search engines in our applications? This project aims to look at “Full-Text Search” which allows us to do a text-based search in text-intensive data. The search will be performed by matching any, or all words of the query exactly or with some relevancy against the indexes created by the searching tool. The …


Hybrid Life Cycles In Software Development, Eric Vincent Schoenborn 2022 Grand Valley State University

Hybrid Life Cycles In Software Development, Eric Vincent Schoenborn

Culminating Experience Projects

This project applied software specification gathering, architecture, work planning, and development to a real-world development effort for a local business. This project began with a feasibility meeting with the owner of Zeal Aerial Fitness. After feasibility was assessed the intended users, needed functionality, and expected user restrictions were identified with the stakeholders. A hybrid software lifecycle was selected to allow a focus on base functionality up front followed by an iterative development of expectations of the stakeholders. I was able to create various specification diagrams that express the end projects goals to both developers and non-tech individuals using a standard …


Exploring Coral Reefs With Interactive Geospatial Visualizations, David Nicolas Tonning 2022 Grand Valley State University

Exploring Coral Reefs With Interactive Geospatial Visualizations, David Nicolas Tonning

Culminating Experience Projects

This project uses geospatial data to generate custom polygons in an interactive setting to represent the size and location of coral reefs to extract insights from coral reef-centered data sets. Historically, the data used by the Reef Restoration Group Bonaire exists in disparate sources, making it difficult to track and analyze the outcomes of their restoration work. Additionally, this information is not available in a digestible format for other audiences who would be interested in this data, such as citizen scientists seeking coral reef health statistics, the general public wanting to better understand the coral reefs surrounding Bonaire or recreational …


Devops: Course Development, James Lee VanderZouwen 2022 Grand Valley State University

Devops: Course Development, James Lee Vanderzouwen

Culminating Experience Projects

DevOps has become somewhat of a buzzword amongst software engineers in the industry. Often developers do not have a dedicated DevOps engineer let alone a DevOps team. Developers benefit when they know what happens between ‘works on my machine’ and production. Making sure those steps make sense and are safe benefits the operations team. From compliance to code review to regression testing, understanding the full SDLC, employing DevOps concepts, and minimizing overhead from dependencies is quickly becoming a pre-requisite for the modern software engineer. This project attempts to bridge the gap between buzzword and best practice by developing a college-level …


Docker Container Image – Vulnerability Scanning, Joseph U. Ohaeche 2022 Grand Valley State University

Docker Container Image – Vulnerability Scanning, Joseph U. Ohaeche

Culminating Experience Projects

The technology landscape for container adoption has greatly evolved over the years from the first known Unix U7 container concept introduced in 1979 to the most utilized docker container concept which emerged in 2013. Docker container image is essentially a lightweight, standalone executable software package with capabilities to run an application. It is important to know that container images become containers when deployed, and simultaneously docker container images become docker containers when deployed on Docker Engine. This project paper aims, evaluates, and presents a methodology useful in vulnerability scanning of docker container images and suggests possible fixes based on OWASP …


Building A Deep Model For Multi-Class Coral Species Discrimination, Hyeong Gyu Jang 2022 Grand Valley State University

Building A Deep Model For Multi-Class Coral Species Discrimination, Hyeong Gyu Jang

Culminating Experience Projects

The goal of this qualitative research project is to develop and optimize a multi-class discrimination model to identify different species of coral based on their digital images. Currently, there are artificial intelligence (AI) models that can distinguish between coral and other undersea objects such as sand or rocks, but to our knowledge the problem of multi-species classification has not yet been addressed. Given that coral reefs are a good indicator of overall ocean health, it is important to develop models that can classify the presence of different species in underwater images as a way to monitor the effects of climate …


Travel Dashboard, Naveen Kumar Lalam 2022 Grand Valley State University

Travel Dashboard, Naveen Kumar Lalam

Culminating Experience Projects

Travel Dashboard is a one stop solution for all the travel needs of travelers and tourists visiting a new place. In today’s world travel has become a part of everyone’s life and we love to travel whenever there is a holiday or long a weekend. Earlier, the travel industry was mostly dictated by tour operators who used to plan and organize tours with standard itinerary, while tourists had very limited choices and needed to pick one of the itineraries given by operator as there was no other option left for them. Time have changed now as travelers love to plan …


Covid-19 Prediction Using Machine Learning, Parashuram Singaraveni 2022 Grand Valley State University

Covid-19 Prediction Using Machine Learning, Parashuram Singaraveni

Culminating Experience Projects

All around the globe, humankind faces a disastrous situation that witnessed COVID-19 outbreak. The COVID-19 pandemic caused severe loss of human life across the world. Most of the countries had been socially and economically weakened. The health sector faced lots of challenges in diagnosing the COVID patients, vaccinating the people, identifying the people who are infected by the virus. At the earlier stage, it has been difficult to identify the symptoms in infected person that is caused by the virus. Months later, symptoms were identified and, disease detecting machines were invented. But still, time taking for the results from the …


Curriculum Development In Technical Education For Boys And Girls Club, Damanpreet Singh 2022 Grand Valley State University

Curriculum Development In Technical Education For Boys And Girls Club, Damanpreet Singh

Culminating Experience Projects

Technical education has been and will continue to be more and more important to succeed in the future. The Boys and Girls Club, founded in 1860, is a national organization of local chapters which provide voluntary after-school programs for young individuals. The Boys and Girls Club have life-changing programs that prepare the young individuals in the club for their future whether it’s for college, career, or life. The perfect way to prepare best prepare these kids for the future is to develop their technical education. Unfortunately, the boys and girls club of Muskegon has a lack of educational resources for …


Malware Detection And Analysis, Namratha Suraneni 2022 Grand Valley State University

Malware Detection And Analysis, Namratha Suraneni

Culminating Experience Projects

Malicious software poses a serious threat to the cybersecurity of network infrastructures and is a global pandemic in the form of computer viruses, Trojan horses, and Internet worms. Studies imply that the effects of malware are deteriorating. The main defense against malware is malware detectors. The methods that such a detector employ define its level of quality. Therefore, it is crucial that we research malware detection methods and comprehend their advantages and disadvantages. Attackers are creating malware that is polymorphic and metamorphic and has the capacity to modify their source code as they spread. Furthermore, existing defenses, which often utilize …


Notebooks Web Application, Vivekananda Marellali 2022 Grand Valley State University

Notebooks Web Application, Vivekananda Marellali

Culminating Experience Projects

In our day-to-day activities we often need to make quick short notes related to our work, study, or other activities. Later, those notes should be easy to access, modify, delete, share with others, or create PDF documents as and when required. It is ideal if the note content is rich text format such as HTML, as it provides many text formatting options and provide better view and readability. The Notes are better organized if they are grouped into notebooks where each notebook consists of related topic note pages and multiple users can create such notebooks and share with other users …


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