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Veterinary Telemedicine Perception And Utilization Intention, Chandler Hawk 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Veterinary Telemedicine Perception And Utilization Intention, Chandler Hawk

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Unspoken Psychological Issues With Lesson Horses And How We Need To Address Them, Casey Clark 2018 Murray State University

The Unspoken Psychological Issues With Lesson Horses And How We Need To Address Them, Casey Clark

Murray State Theses and Dissertations

Every day all over the world horses provide much needed therapy and treatment to people in need. They provide physical, emotional, and mental training and healing. Humans depend on them for so much and we have a moral and ethical obligation to be good stewards of our equine companions. This close proximity can take a toll on horses physically and psychologically even in the realm of experienced equine professionals. So many times though it is the small lesson facility that sees hundreds of people each year and makes a profound difference in people’s lives. This can be at a ...


Detection Of Salmonella Enteritidis In Pooled Poultry Environmental Samples Using A Serotype-Specific Real-Time–Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay, Derek R. Adams, Wendy R. Stensland, Chong Wang, Annette O'Connor, Darrell W. Trampel, Karen M. Harmon, Erin L. Strait, Timothy S. Frana 2017 Iowa State University

Detection Of Salmonella Enteritidis In Pooled Poultry Environmental Samples Using A Serotype-Specific Real-Time–Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay, Derek R. Adams, Wendy R. Stensland, Chong Wang, Annette O'Connor, Darrell W. Trampel, Karen M. Harmon, Erin L. Strait, Timothy S. Frana

Annette O'Connor

While real-time–polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) has been used as a rapid test for detection of Salmonella Enteritidis in recent years, little research has been done to assess the feasibility of pooling poultry environmental samples with aSalmonella Enteritidis–specific RT PCR assay. Therefore the objective of this study was to compare RT PCR SalmonellaEnteritidis detection in individual and pooled (in groups of two, three, and four) poultry environmental drag swab samples to traditional cultural methods. The drag swabs were collected from poultry facilities previously confirmed positive forSalmonella Enteritidis and were cultured according to National Poultry Improvement Plan guidelines. Initial ...


Endocrine And Metabolic Effects Of Consuming Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: Preclinical And Clinical Studies", Peter Havel 2017 University of California, Davis

Endocrine And Metabolic Effects Of Consuming Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: Preclinical And Clinical Studies", Peter Havel

Science Seminar Series

Peter J. Havel of the School of Veterinary Medicine at UC Davis will speak on his research on Endocrine and Metabolic Effects of Consuming Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: Preclinical and clinical studies at this Science Seminar Series lecture.


Patterns And Predictors Of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Staphylococcus Spp. From Canine Clinical Cases Presented At A Veterinary Academic Hospital In South Africa, Agricola Odoi 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Patterns And Predictors Of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Staphylococcus Spp. From Canine Clinical Cases Presented At A Veterinary Academic Hospital In South Africa, Agricola Odoi

Agricola Odoi

Background
Antimicrobial resistance in staphylococci, often associated with treatment failure, is increasingly reported in veterinary medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate patterns and predictors of antimicrobial resistance among Staphylococcus spp. isolates from canine samples submitted to the bacteriology laboratory at the University of Pretoria academic veterinary hospital between 2007 and 2012. Retrospective data of 334 Staphylococcus isolates were used to calculate the proportion of samples resistant to 15 antimicrobial agents. The Cochran-Armitage trend test was used to investigate temporal trends and logistic regression models were used to investigate predictors of antimicrobial resistance in Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus ...


Effects Of Temperature And Diet In Stable Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Development, Melina Florez-Cuadros 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Effects Of Temperature And Diet In Stable Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Development, Melina Florez-Cuadros

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

Stable flies are among the most important blood feeding ectoparasites of cattle worldwide. The livestock industry is losing more than $2 billion dollar annually in the United States alone. Moist decaying vegetative material with bacteria supports larval development. Temperature and diet quality are important factors for stable fly development, affecting development rates, adult survival, and size, but how temperature affects adult size and interacts with nutrition is unknown. This study characterizes the relationship of temperature and diet quality in the development of stable flies. Two statistical models were used to analyze the effect of temperature alone (Lysyk, 1998) and temperature-diet ...


Assessing Readiness For Clinical Practice: Students’ Perspectives Of Their Veterinary Curriculum, L. Chris Sanchez, Alison Kwiatkowski, Jeff Abbott, Dana N. Zimmel, Linda S. Behar-Horenstein 2016 University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine

Assessing Readiness For Clinical Practice: Students’ Perspectives Of Their Veterinary Curriculum, L. Chris Sanchez, Alison Kwiatkowski, Jeff Abbott, Dana N. Zimmel, Linda S. Behar-Horenstein

The Qualitative Report

Studies describing the effectiveness of a veterinary curriculum from the student perspective are currently sparse. The overall purpose of this investigation was to describe students’ perceived preparedness for clinical practice. Three focus group meetings with fourth year veterinary students were conducted. Data were open-coded and categorized to identify themes. Four main themes emerged: Challenging communications, Un/appreciating curricular experiences, Documenting demands impede case involvement, and Hungering for timely, effective feedback. Overall students felt comfortable talking to clients about medicine but less comfortable discussing euthanasia or money; they appreciated the split clinical curriculum but questioned the value of the 1st/2nd ...


Long-Term Effects Of Early Social Isolation In Macaca Mulatta: Changes In Dopamine Receptor Function Following Apomorphine Challenge, Mark H. Lewis, John P. Gluck, Tom L. Beauchamp, Michael F. Keresztury, Richard B. Mailman 2016 University of North Carolina

Long-Term Effects Of Early Social Isolation In Macaca Mulatta: Changes In Dopamine Receptor Function Following Apomorphine Challenge, Mark H. Lewis, John P. Gluck, Tom L. Beauchamp, Michael F. Keresztury, Richard B. Mailman

John P. Gluck, Ph.D.

The hypothesis that early social isolation results in long-term alterations in dopamine receptor sensitivity was tested using older adult rhesus monkeys. Isolated and control monkeys were challenged with apomorphine (0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg), and the drug effects on spontaneous blink rate, stereotyped behavior, and self-injurious behavior were quantified using observational measures. Monoamine metabolites were quantified from cisternal CSF by HPLC-EC, prior to pharmacological challenge. Isolated and control monkeys did not differ in CSF concentrations of HVA, 5-HIAA, or MHPG. At the higher dose, apomorphine significantly increased the rate of blinking, the occurrence of whole-body stereotypies, and the ...


Surveillance, Epidemiological, And Virological Detection Of Highly Pathogenic H5n1 Avian Influenza Viruses In Duck And Poultry From Bangladesh, Wahedul Karim Ansari, Md Safiullah Parvej, Mohamed E. El Zowalaty, Sally Jackson, Stephen A. Bustin, Adel K. Ibrahim, Md Tanvir Rahman, Han Zhang, Mohammad Ferdousur Rahman Khan, Md Mostakin Ahamd, Md. Fasiur Rahman, Marzia Rahman, KHM Nazmul H. Nazir, Sultan Ahmed, Md Liakot Hossenn, Md Abdul Kafi, Mat Yamage, Nitish C. Debnath, Graba Ahmed, Hossam Ashour, Md Masoud, Ayman Noreddin, Md B. Rahman 2016 Bangladesh Agricultural University

Surveillance, Epidemiological, And Virological Detection Of Highly Pathogenic H5n1 Avian Influenza Viruses In Duck And Poultry From Bangladesh, Wahedul Karim Ansari, Md Safiullah Parvej, Mohamed E. El Zowalaty, Sally Jackson, Stephen A. Bustin, Adel K. Ibrahim, Md Tanvir Rahman, Han Zhang, Mohammad Ferdousur Rahman Khan, Md Mostakin Ahamd, Md. Fasiur Rahman, Marzia Rahman, Khm Nazmul H. Nazir, Sultan Ahmed, Md Liakot Hossenn, Md Abdul Kafi, Mat Yamage, Nitish C. Debnath, Graba Ahmed, Hossam Ashour, Md Masoud, Ayman Noreddin, Md B. Rahman

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) continue to pose a global threat. Waterfowl are the main reservoir and are responsible for the spillover of AIVs to other hosts. This study was conducted as part of routine surveillance activities in Bangladesh and it reports on the serological and molecular detection of H5N1 AIV subtype. A total of 2169 cloacal and 2191 oropharyngeal swabs as well as 1725 sera samples were collected from live birds including duck and chicken in different locations in Bangladesh between the years of 2013 and 2014. Samples were tested using virus isolation, serological tests and molecular methods of RT-PCR ...


Endoscopic Assessment Of The Duodenum In Dogs With Inflammatory Bowel Disease, J. E. Slovak, Chong Wang, J. A. Morrison, K. L. Deitz, Dana N. Levine, C. Otoni, R. R. King, L. E. Gerber, K. R. Hanson, A. P. Lundberg, Albert E. Jergens 2016 Iowa State University

Endoscopic Assessment Of The Duodenum In Dogs With Inflammatory Bowel Disease, J. E. Slovak, Chong Wang, J. A. Morrison, K. L. Deitz, Dana N. Levine, C. Otoni, R. R. King, L. E. Gerber, K. R. Hanson, A. P. Lundberg, Albert E. Jergens

Chong Wang

Background: Endoscopy is performed for direct inspection of the mucosa and acquisition of biopsies in dogs with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Aim: To evaluate the interobserver agreement in the endoscopic assessment of duodenal mucosa in dogs with IBD. Methods: Thirty-five archived endoscopic images of grossly normal (n = 6) and inflamed (n = 29) duodenal mucosa were displayed to 3 expert and 5 trainee endoscopists. Each image was assessed independently by endoscopists for mucosal abnormalities using established indices (of hyperemia, granularity, friability, lymphatic dilatation, and erosions) or interpreted as normal mucosa (trial 1). A repeated trial (trial 2) was performed with the ...


Recommendations For Pen-Based Oral-Fluid Collection In Growing Pigs, Drew White, Marisa Rotolo, Chris Olsen, Chong Wang, John Prickett, Apisit Kittawornrat, Yaowalak Panyasing, Rodger G. Main, Chris Rademacher, Marlin Hoogland, Jeffrey J. Zimmerman 2016 Iowa State University

Recommendations For Pen-Based Oral-Fluid Collection In Growing Pigs, Drew White, Marisa Rotolo, Chris Olsen, Chong Wang, John Prickett, Apisit Kittawornrat, Yaowalak Panyasing, Rodger G. Main, Chris Rademacher, Marlin Hoogland, Jeffrey J. Zimmerman

Chong Wang

Sampling guidelines were developed by observing pigs during oral-fluid sample collection in commercial herds. Pigs with previous oral-fluid collection experience (“trained”) should be allowed 20 minutes access to the rope. Pigs with no prior experience (“untrained”) should be allowed 60 minutes. One collection is enough to train pigs.


Frequency Of And Risk Factors Associated With Catastrophic Musculoskeletal Injuries In Quarter Horses At Two Midwestern Racetracks: 67 Cases (2000–2011), Andrea Beisser, Scott McClure, Grant Rezabek, Keith H. Soring, Chong Wang 2016 Iowa State University

Frequency Of And Risk Factors Associated With Catastrophic Musculoskeletal Injuries In Quarter Horses At Two Midwestern Racetracks: 67 Cases (2000–2011), Andrea Beisser, Scott Mcclure, Grant Rezabek, Keith H. Soring, Chong Wang

Chong Wang

Objective—To determine the incidence and anatomic location of and potential risk factors for catastrophic musculoskeletal injuries (CMIs) in racing Quarter Horses. Design—Retrospective matched case-control study. Animals—67 racing Quarter Horse racehorses euthanized because of CMIs and 134 matched controls. Procedures—Data for Quarter Horses that sustained CMIs and the total number of race starts for each year were obtained from 2 Midwestern racing jurisdictions from 2000 through 2011. Information for each horse with a CMI and for 2 randomly selected control horses that ran in the same race but did not incur a CMI were obtained from race ...


Survey Of Serum Vitamin D Status Across Stages Of Swine Production And Evaluation Of Supplemental Bulk Vitamin D Premixes Used In Swine Diets, Jessica Arnold, Darin M. Madson, Steve Ensley, Jesse P. Goff, Chris Sparks, Gregory W. Stevenson, Thomas Crenshaw, Chong Wang, Ronald L. Horst 2016 Iowa State University

Survey Of Serum Vitamin D Status Across Stages Of Swine Production And Evaluation Of Supplemental Bulk Vitamin D Premixes Used In Swine Diets, Jessica Arnold, Darin M. Madson, Steve Ensley, Jesse P. Goff, Chris Sparks, Gregory W. Stevenson, Thomas Crenshaw, Chong Wang, Ronald L. Horst

Chong Wang

The objectives of this investigation were to evaluate the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in pigs of different age groups, to determine if 25(OH)D concentrations varied with season, and to assess the quality of vitamin D supplements used in swine diets from multiple commercial suppliers. Serum samples (n = 1200) submitted to a diagnostic laboratory for routine surveillance were assayed for serum 25(OH)D concentrations. Vitamin D premix samples were obtained from suppliers and analyzed at two laboratories over a 9-month period. In all age categories, 25(OH)D concentrations in numerous serum samples were lower ...


Quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction For Detecting Mycoplasma Hyosynoviae And Mycoplasma Hyorhinis In Pen-Based Oral, Tonsillar, And Nasal Fluids, Joao C. Gomes Neto, Leslie Bower, Barbara Z. Erickson, Chong Wang, Matthew Raymond, Erin L. Strait 2016 Iowa State University

Quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction For Detecting Mycoplasma Hyosynoviae And Mycoplasma Hyorhinis In Pen-Based Oral, Tonsillar, And Nasal Fluids, Joao C. Gomes Neto, Leslie Bower, Barbara Z. Erickson, Chong Wang, Matthew Raymond, Erin L. Strait

Chong Wang

Mycoplasma (M.) hyorhinis and M. hyosynoviae are pathogens known to cause disease in pigs post-weaning. Due to their fastidious nature, there is increased need for culture-independent diagnostic platforms to detect these microorganisms. Therefore, this study was performed to develop and optimize quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assays to rapidly detect M. hyorhinis and M. hyosynoviae in pen-based oral fluids as well as nasal and tonsillar fluids as proxies for samples used in swine herd surveillance. Two methods of genomic DNA extraction, automated versus manual, were used to compare diagnostic test performance. A wean-to-finish longitudinal study was also carried out to demonstrate ...


Evaluation Of Catastrophic Musculoskeletal Injuries In Thoroughbreds And Quarter Horses At Three Midwestern Racetracks, Andrea L. Beisser, Scott R. McClure, Chong Wang, Keith Soring, Rudy Garrison, Bryce Peckham 2016 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of Catastrophic Musculoskeletal Injuries In Thoroughbreds And Quarter Horses At Three Midwestern Racetracks, Andrea L. Beisser, Scott R. Mcclure, Chong Wang, Keith Soring, Rudy Garrison, Bryce Peckham

Chong Wang

Objective—To determine the incidence of and compare the types of catastrophic musculoskeletal injuries (CMIs) sustained in Thoroughbreds and Quarter Horses during racing at 3 Midwestern racetracks from 2000 to 2006. Design—Retrospective cohort study. Animals—139 Thoroughbred and 50 Quarter Horse racehorses euthanized because of CMIs. Procedures—Veterinary officials from 3 Midwestern racing jurisdictions provided injury reports for Thoroughbreds and Quarter Horses that sustained CMIs (which required euthanasia) and the total number of race starts for each year. The number of CMIs/1,000 starts was determined for each racetrack. Past performance reports for each horse with a CMI ...


Effect Of Injection Tool On Incidence Of Head And Neck Abscesses At Slaughter, Doug King, Tom Painter, Derald J. Holtkamp, Paul DuBois, Chong Wang 2016 Pfizer Animal Health

Effect Of Injection Tool On Incidence Of Head And Neck Abscesses At Slaughter, Doug King, Tom Painter, Derald J. Holtkamp, Paul Dubois, Chong Wang

Chong Wang

Objective: To test the effect of injection device (conventional syringe and needle versus needle-free injection device [NFID]) on the incidence of head and neck abscesses at slaughter. Materials and methods: Pigs raised under antibiotic-free (ABF) conditions (n=3424) were vaccinated first with combined Mycoflex and Circoflex (Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica Inc, St Joseph, Missouri) and second with ER Bac Plus (Pfizer Inc, Pfizer Animal Health, New York, New York), each via either conventional syringe and needle (Needle) or NFID. The first vaccination was given on the right side of the neck 1 day post weaning and the second on the left ...


Effect Of Cold Compression Therapy On Postoperative Pain, Swelling, Range Of Motion, And Lameness After Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy In Dogs, Kevin A. Drygas, Scott R. McClure, Robert L. Goring, Antonio Pozzi, Sheilah A. Robertson, Chong Wang 2016 Affiliated Veterinary Specialists

Effect Of Cold Compression Therapy On Postoperative Pain, Swelling, Range Of Motion, And Lameness After Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy In Dogs, Kevin A. Drygas, Scott R. Mcclure, Robert L. Goring, Antonio Pozzi, Sheilah A. Robertson, Chong Wang

Chong Wang

Objective—To evaluate the effect of cold compression therapy (CCT) on postoperative pain, lameness, range of motion of the stifle joint, and swelling following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) in dogs. Design—Randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Animals—34 client-owned dogs with unilateral deficiency of a cranial cruciate ligament undergoing TPLO. Procedures—Dogs were assigned to 2 groups. Group 1 (n = 17 dogs) received CCT in the 24-hour period following TPLO. Group 2 (n = 17 dogs) received no CCT. Degree of lameness, range of motion, and circumference of the stifle joint were measured before surgery and 1,14, and 28 ...


Carbon Dioxide For Euthanasia: Concerns Regarding Pain And Distress, With Special Reference To Mice And Rats, Kathleen Conlee, Martin Stephens, Andrew N. Rowan, Lesley A. King 2016 The Humane Society of the United States

Carbon Dioxide For Euthanasia: Concerns Regarding Pain And Distress, With Special Reference To Mice And Rats, Kathleen Conlee, Martin Stephens, Andrew N. Rowan, Lesley A. King

Martin Stephens, Ph.D.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most commonly used agent for euthanasia of laboratory rodents, used on an estimated tens of millions of laboratory rodents per year worldwide, yet there is a growing body of evidence indicating that exposure to CO2 causes more than momentary pain and distress in these and other animals. We reviewed the available literature on the use of CO2 for euthanasia (as well as anaesthesia) and also informally canvassed laboratory animal personnel for their opinions regarding this topic. Our review addresses key issues such as CO2 flow rate and final concentration, presence of ...


Purification And Characterization Of A Fish Granzymea Involved In Cell-Mediated Immunity, Yuta Matsuura, Takeshi Yabu, Hajime Shiba, Teruyuki Nakanishi 2016 Nihon University

Purification And Characterization Of A Fish Granzymea Involved In Cell-Mediated Immunity, Yuta Matsuura, Takeshi Yabu, Hajime Shiba, Teruyuki Nakanishi

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Kinetics Of The Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome Virus (Prrsv) Humoral Immune Response In Swine Serum And Oral Fluids Collected From Individual Boars, Apisit Kittawornrat, Mark Engle, Yaowalak Panyasing, Chris Olsen, Kent J. Schwartz, Anna Rice, Sergio Lizano, Chong Wang, Jeffrey J. Zimmerman 2016 Iowa State University

Kinetics Of The Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome Virus (Prrsv) Humoral Immune Response In Swine Serum And Oral Fluids Collected From Individual Boars, Apisit Kittawornrat, Mark Engle, Yaowalak Panyasing, Chris Olsen, Kent J. Schwartz, Anna Rice, Sergio Lizano, Chong Wang, Jeffrey J. Zimmerman

Chong Wang

Background The object of this study was to describe and contrast the kinetics of the humoral response in serum and oral fluid specimens during acute porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection. The study involved three trials of 24 boars each. Boars were intramuscularly inoculated with a commercial modified live virus (MLV) vaccine (Trial 1), a Type 1 PRRSV field isolated (Trial 2), or a Type 2 PRRSV field isolate (Trial 3). Oral fluid samples were collected from individual boars on day post inoculation (DPI) -7 and 0 to 21. Serum samples were collected from all boars on DPI ...


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