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Modeling Of Swimming Cells From Nano-Scale To Micro-Scale, Yicheng Zhao 2018 Washinton University in St. Louis

Modeling Of Swimming Cells From Nano-Scale To Micro-Scale, Yicheng Zhao

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Certain human genetic diseases -- primary ciliary dyskinesia, infertility, and hydrocephalus -- are characterized by changes in beat frequency and waveform of cilia and flagella. Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, which is a single-cell green alga about ten micrometers in diameter that swims with two flagella, serves as an excellent biological model because its flagella share the same structure and genetic background as mammalian cilia and flagella. This study uses the finite element method to investigate the behavior of C. reinhardtii swimming from nano-scale to micro-scale. At the device-level, micro-scale modeling indicates that well-designed acoustic microfluidic devices can be used to trap groups of C ...


Digital Enhancement Of Analog Measurement Systems For Temperature Compensation Of Strain Gages, Islombek Karimov 2018 University of Texas at Tyler

Digital Enhancement Of Analog Measurement Systems For Temperature Compensation Of Strain Gages, Islombek Karimov

Electrical Engineering Theses

Generally known temperature compensation techniques for strain gages (like the use of a dummy gage or the implementation of half- and full-bridge configurations) are not applicable to all strain-measurement situations and cannot fully compensate for all sources of error. Digital Enhancement of Analog Measurement Systems presents a universal method of corrections for these effects in which temperature is measured independently of other variables and ex post facto corrections are computed and applied to digitized readings of the analog measurement system.

A single, linear-pattern strain gage, self-temperature-compensated for steel 1018, has been utilized in a quarter-bridge to measure tensile strain in ...


A High-Magnification Uv Lens For High-Temperature Optical Strain Measurements, Robert S. Hansen 2018 Utah State University

A High-Magnification Uv Lens For High-Temperature Optical Strain Measurements, Robert S. Hansen

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Digital Image Correlation (DIC) is an experimental method used to produce full-field strain maps of specimens undergoing deformation. In this measurement, images of a specimen are taken before and after mechanical and thermal loading, then software is used to track deformation and compute strains. DIC has been recently adapted for high-temperature tests by using ultraviolet (UV) range cameras, lenses, and filters to produce the images.

Application of DIC to small length scales and at high temperatures can be performed with proper equipment. However, for these measurements, there is no commercially available high-magnification lens that will allow images to be taken ...


Microheater Array Powder Sintering (Maps) For Printing Flexible Electronics, Nicholas Holt 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Microheater Array Powder Sintering (Maps) For Printing Flexible Electronics, Nicholas Holt

Theses and Dissertations

Microheater array powder sintering (MAPS) is a novel additive manufacturing process that uses an array of microheaters to selectively sinter powder particles. MAPS shows great promise as a new method of printing flexible electronics by enabling digital curing of conductive inks on a variety of substrates. MAPS operation relies on establishing a precision air gap of a few microns between an array of microheaters, which can reach temperatures of 600°C, and a layer of conductive ink which can be deposited onto a flexible substrate. This system presents challenges, being: the fabrication of a microheater that can reach suitable temperatures ...


Novelis Teaching Table, Phillip LaPlante, Robert Hemker, Taylor McGriff, Juan Restrepo, Shelly Abraham 2018 Kennesaw State University

Novelis Teaching Table, Phillip Laplante, Robert Hemker, Taylor Mcgriff, Juan Restrepo, Shelly Abraham

Honors College Capstones and Theses

Novelis is a company that specializes in metal casting, recycling, and rolling. They primarily focus on aluminum rolling for cans and car bodies but are an industry leader in numerous related areas. As the rolling process is not taught in most general engineering courses, Novelis periodically teaches new engineers and technicians about the specifics of this relatively mathematically complex process. Most of the current teaching methods are through PowerPoint presentations and group exercises, with minimal hands-on involvement. One of the most useful tools for teaching the rolling process is an actual jeweler’s rolling mill, which Novelis currently possesses, but ...


Numerical Simulation Of A High Strain Rate Biaxial Compression Apparatus, Michael Lagieski 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Numerical Simulation Of A High Strain Rate Biaxial Compression Apparatus, Michael Lagieski

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Few experimental methods today are capable of exploring the strength of materials at high strain rates (105 s-1). Those that are capable, such as the Split Hopkinson Bar, Taylor Anvil and Plate Impact suffer from instability and are generally limited to one dimensional wave propagation. Of particular interest is material response under biaxial compression, similar to that seen in inertial confinement fusion. Laser fusion fuel pellets typically undergo large strain rates as well as plastic deformation and non-linear behavior. This work briefly outlines an experimental procedure designed to replicate these large strain rates under biaxial compression using spherical ...


Experimental Investigation Of A New Spiral Wingtip, Naseeb Ahmed Siddiqui, Mohamed Aldeeb, Waqar Asrar, Erwin Sulaeman 2018 International Islamic University - Malaysia

Experimental Investigation Of A New Spiral Wingtip, Naseeb Ahmed Siddiqui, Mohamed Aldeeb, Waqar Asrar, Erwin Sulaeman

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Experiments on the relative merits and demerits of slotted wingtips mimicking a bird’s primary feathers have been performed. The real emargination length of feather tips, their flexibility and curved shapes during cruise are considered in the present study. The experiments were performed at a Reynolds number of 3.7 x 105 on a symmetric flat plate half wing of aspect ratio 3. Lift, drag and pitching moments were measured using a six component aerodynamic balance. Four different shapes inspired by bird primary feathers have been analysed. The rigid curved tip performed the best increasing the L/D ratio ...


An Application Of Conceptual Design And Multidisciplinary Analysis Transitioning To Detailed Design Stages, Alex Renner, Frederick Thompson, Vijay K. Kalivarapu, Eliot H. Winer, James H. Oliver 2018 Iowa State University

An Application Of Conceptual Design And Multidisciplinary Analysis Transitioning To Detailed Design Stages, Alex Renner, Frederick Thompson, Vijay K. Kalivarapu, Eliot H. Winer, James H. Oliver

James H. Oliver

This paper presents conceptual design and feasibility analysis for oversized grain harvesting combine headers with dynamic topology. To meet customer harvesting productivity requirements, the harvesting header must increase in width from 40 to 60 feet, yet be usable on current generation combine harvesters. While designing concepts for an oversized harvester head is a complex problem by itself, it also presents a latent challenge with packaging and transporting. Transporting a 60ft harvester header using traditional methods will violate road transport regulations imposed by US state and federal governments. This warrants innovations in both designing an oversized header concepts and viable means ...


Garbage Disposal, Madison Popa, Tyler Miller, Mitchell Wheeler, Johnathon Klebe 2018 The University of Akron

Garbage Disposal, Madison Popa, Tyler Miller, Mitchell Wheeler, Johnathon Klebe

Honors Research Projects

The purpose of this report is to outline a new design for a sink garbage disposal system. The goal of this design is to develop a garbage disposal that could be made for less money, which would turn into a cost savings for the consumer and would lead to an increase in the amount of garbage disposal systems being used throughout the world. This allows the garbage disposal system to be marketed to different parts of the world that currently can’t afford the systems available on the market.

The increased use of garbage disposals, help reduce the amount of ...


Human Powered Vehicle Design Team: Speed Variable Steering Stabilizer, Eric Miller, Matt Kraml 2018 The University of Akron

Human Powered Vehicle Design Team: Speed Variable Steering Stabilizer, Eric Miller, Matt Kraml

Honors Research Projects

The Human Powered Vehicle Competition (HPVC) is held annually by ASME at a few locations. The University of Akron has competed in the ASME-East and ASME-West competitions over the past handful of years against universities from all over the world. Objectives of each team for the competition are three-fold: vehicle design, racing performance, and innovation. Our senior design project involved working on the innovation concept for ASME-East 2018 held at Penn State University during the weekend of 4/13. Speed variable steering was decided upon by the entire HPVC team early in the design process as the innovation choice for ...


Modeling And Analysis For Driveline Jerk Control, Prince Lakhani 2018 Michigan Technological University

Modeling And Analysis For Driveline Jerk Control, Prince Lakhani

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

In modern-day automotive industry, automotive manufacturers pay keen attention to driver’s safety and comfort by ensuring good vehicle drivability, feel of acceleration, limiting jerk and noise. The vehicle driveline plays a critical role to meet these criteria. By using high-fidelity simulation tool such as AMESim®, it is now possible to accurately model the vehicle driveline to be tested for different scenarios. With Simulink®, one can develop an efficient torque-based control system to limit the driveline oscillations and the generated noise. So, a joint simulation is used which provides a platform to evaluate the estimators and control system while considering ...


Characterizing Granular Mixing Homogeneity At Various Dimensionless Mixing Lengths In A Double Screw Mixer, Todd A. Kingston, Theodore J. Heindel 2017 Iowa State University

Characterizing Granular Mixing Homogeneity At Various Dimensionless Mixing Lengths In A Double Screw Mixer, Todd A. Kingston, Theodore J. Heindel

Theodore J. Heindel

Granular mixing processes are commonly used to increase product homogeneity in many industrial applications involving pharmaceuticals, food processing, and energy conversion. Determining the appropriate granular mixing length is necessary to avoid over/under mixing and unnecessary power consumption. The goal of this study is to experimentally characterize the granular mixing process and determine, under various operating conditions, the needed mixing length to achieve adequate mixing in a laboratory-scale double screw mixer. Nine different combinations of screw rotation speeds and dimensionless screw pitches are used to investigate the rate of mixing at dimensionless mixing lengths of L/D = 2, 5, and ...


Comparison Of A Virtual Game-Day Experience On Varying Devices, Jack Miller, Holly Baiotto, Anastacia MacAllister, Melynda Hoover, Gabriel Evans, Jonathan Schlueter, Vijay Kalivarapu, Eliot H. Winer 2017 Iowa State University

Comparison Of A Virtual Game-Day Experience On Varying Devices, Jack Miller, Holly Baiotto, Anastacia Macallister, Melynda Hoover, Gabriel Evans, Jonathan Schlueter, Vijay Kalivarapu, Eliot H. Winer

Anastacia MacAllister

Collegiate athletics, particularly football, provide tremendous value to schools through branding, revenue, and publicity. As a result, extensive effort is put into recruiting talented students. When recruiting, home games are exceptional tools used to show a school's unique game-day atmosphere. However, this is not a viable option during the offseason or for off-site visits. This paper explores a solution to these challenges by using virtual reality (VR) to recreate the game-day experience. The Virtual Reality Application Center in conjunction with Iowa State University (ISU) athletics, created a VR application mimicking the game-day experience at ISU. This application was displayed ...


Evaluating The Microsoft Hololens Through An Augmented Reality Assembly Application, Gabriel Evans, Jack Miller, Mariangely Iglesias Pena, Anastacia MacAllister, Eliot H. Winer 2017 Iowa State University

Evaluating The Microsoft Hololens Through An Augmented Reality Assembly Application, Gabriel Evans, Jack Miller, Mariangely Iglesias Pena, Anastacia Macallister, Eliot H. Winer

Anastacia MacAllister

Industry and academia have repeatedly demonstrated the transformative potential of Augmented Reality (AR) guided assembly instructions. In the past, however, computational and hardware limitations often dictated that these systems were deployed on tablets or other cumbersome devices. Often, tablets impede worker progress by diverting a user's hands and attention, forcing them to alternate between the instructions and the assembly process. Head Mounted Displays (HMDs) overcome those diversions by allowing users to view the instructions in a hands-free manner while simultaneously performing an assembly operation. Thanks to rapid technological advances, wireless commodity AR HMDs are becoming commercially available. Specifically, the ...


Modeling Of A Head - Neck Assembly Drop Tower Impact Test Using Abaqus, Hussein Sharqi Owaid 2017 Hussein.Owaid@maine.edu

Modeling Of A Head - Neck Assembly Drop Tower Impact Test Using Abaqus, Hussein Sharqi Owaid

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

There are numerous potential causes of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and concussions, including traffic accidents, contact during sports and falls. Protection from these injuries is paramount because of the problems that result from TBI, such as loss of thinking and memory capability. Head impact from falls, especially in elderly, can also result in severe to fatal injury and some effects of brain injury are often not visible. For these reasons and more a need exists for protective head gear that can keep persons safe during at risk physical activity and that can protect fall prone persons from accidental injuries. Part ...


Boat-Lift Design And Analysis, Nathan Schick 2017 Western Michigan University

Boat-Lift Design And Analysis, Nathan Schick

Honors Theses

A current in production 6000 lb. rated boat-lift is being sold at “Great Lake Lifts”. The lift was tested experimentally and proved to hold at least 8000 lb. The design team successfully modeled the current lift on Ansys to help the customer understand where the weakest points in the design were. Following the creation of the initial lift design, the design team proposed and tested modifications that could be made in order to make the lift more structurally sound. The initial lift had a maximum deflection of 0.43846 inches, a maximum stress of 15880 psi, and a safety factor ...


Usa Boccia Ball Ramp For Athletes With Quadriplegia, Alissa A. Koukourikos, Nathan Bernards, Matthew Lee 2017 Cal Poly State University San Luis Obispo

Usa Boccia Ball Ramp For Athletes With Quadriplegia, Alissa A. Koukourikos, Nathan Bernards, Matthew Lee

Mechanical Engineering

No abstract provided.


Dynamic In Vivo Skeletal Feature Tracking Via Fluoroscopy Using A Human Gait Model, William Patrick Anderson 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Dynamic In Vivo Skeletal Feature Tracking Via Fluoroscopy Using A Human Gait Model, William Patrick Anderson

Doctoral Dissertations

The Tracking Fluoroscope System II, a mobile robotic fluoroscopy platform, developed and built at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, presently employs a pattern matching algorithm in order to identify and track a marker placed upon a subject’s knee joint of interest. The purpose of this research is to generate a new tracking algorithm based around the human gait cycle for prediction and improving the overall accuracy of joint tracking.

This research centers around processing the acquired x-ray images of the desired knee joint obtained during standard clinical operation in order to identify and track directly through the acquired image ...


Dyno-Mite Redesign, Brandon Joseph Miller, Daniel Robert Hoffman, Richard DeMedici Young 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Dyno-Mite Redesign, Brandon Joseph Miller, Daniel Robert Hoffman, Richard Demedici Young

Mechanical Engineering

The Cal Poly Mechanical Control Systems Laboratory currently employs an outdated device, known as the Motomatic, to teach students about various motor characteristics and control methods. These include open-loop vs. closed-loop control, speed vs. position control, and DC motor response curves. The current device does not function properly and produces unreliable data due to overwhelming non-linear effects such as stiction and shaft misalignment. Our team was tasked with designing a replacement device that retains many of the same educational goals as the original lab procedure, while also adding new educational goals pertaining to the device system dynamics. The new apparatus ...


Rogue Rotary - Modular Robotic Rotary Joint Design, Sean Wesley Murphy, Tyler David Riessen, Jacob Mark Triplett 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Rogue Rotary - Modular Robotic Rotary Joint Design, Sean Wesley Murphy, Tyler David Riessen, Jacob Mark Triplett

Mechanical Engineering

This paper describes the design process from ideation to test validation for a singular robotic joint to be configured into a myriad of system level of robots.


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