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Recent Articles in Applied Mechanics
Design Of Experimental Methods To Test The Performance Of Pads And Helmets Under Blast Loading Conditions, Kurtis Palu University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Design Of Experimental Methods To Test The Performance Of Pads And Helmets Under Blast Loading Conditions, Kurtis Palu
Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research
Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) have become a primary weapon in conflicts against US and allied forces. Improvements in body armor and medicine have increased the survivability of such events. These factors have caused an increase in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) induced by primary blast waves. Injury mechanisms caused from primary blast waves are not clearly understood or defined. How primary blast waves interact with materials or between narrow gaps found between helmet pads is not known. Two novel test fixtures were developed to provide a basic understanding of these two issues.
The first fixture ...
Formula Sae Turbocharger Engine Development, Eric Griess, Kevin McCutcheon, Matthew Roberts, William Chan California Polytechnic State University
Formula Sae Turbocharger Engine Development, Eric Griess, Kevin Mccutcheon, Matthew Roberts, William Chan
This project, Formula SAE Turbocharger System Development, was sponsored by the Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo Formula SAE team. The team proposed this project in order to have a powerful yet lightweight engine so they can be extremely competitive at their competition. The baseline output of the single cylinder 450cc engine (2006 Yamaha WR450F) was 46 horsepower and 27 ft-lb of torque. The goal of this project was to increase the output of that engine to 60 horsepower and 35 ft-lb through the use of a turbocharger.
Mechanics Of Blast Loading On Post-Mortem Human And Surrogate Heads In The Study Of Traumatic Brain Injury (Tbi) Using Experimental And Computational Approaches, Shailesh Govind Ganpule University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Mechanics Of Blast Loading On Post-Mortem Human And Surrogate Heads In The Study Of Traumatic Brain Injury (Tbi) Using Experimental And Computational Approaches, Shailesh Govind Ganpule
Engineering Mechanics Dissertations & Theses
Blast induced neurotrauma (BINT) has been designated as the “signature injury” to warfighters in the recent military conflicts. The occurrence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in blasts is controversial in the medical and scientific communities because the manifesting symptoms occur without visible injuries. Whether the primary blast waves alone can cause mechanical insult that is comparable to existing traumatic brain injury thresholds is still an open question, and this work is aimed to address this issue.
In the first part of this dissertation, mechanics of primary blast loading on Realistic Explosive Dummy (RED) head with and without helmets is studied ...
Stress And Strain Adaptation In Load-Dependent Remodeling Of The Embryonic Left Ventricle, Christine Buffinton Bucknell University
Stress And Strain Adaptation In Load-Dependent Remodeling Of The Embryonic Left Ventricle, Christine Buffinton
Faculty Journal Articles
Altered pressure in the developing left ventricle (LV) results in altered morphology and tissue material properties. Mechanical stress and strain may play a role in the regulating process. This study showed that confocal microscopy, three-dimensional reconstruction, and finite element analysis can provide a detailed model of stress and strain in the trabeculated embryonic heart. The method was used to test the hypothesis that end-diastolic strains are normalized after altered loading of the LV during the stages of trabecular compaction and chamber formation. Stage-29 chick LVs subjected to pressure overload and underload at stage 21 were reconstructed with full trabecular morphology ...
Implementation Of Magnetic Resonance Elastography For The Investigation Of Traumatic Brain Injuries, Thomas Boulet University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Implementation Of Magnetic Resonance Elastography For The Investigation Of Traumatic Brain Injuries, Thomas Boulet
Engineering Mechanics Dissertations & Theses
Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is a potentially transformative imaging modality allowing local and non-invasive measurement of biological tissue mechanical properties. It uses a specific phase contrast MR pulse sequence to measure induced vibratory motion in soft material, from which material properties can be estimated. Compared to other imaging techniques, MRE is able to detect tissue pathology at early stages by quantifying the changes in tissue stiffness associated with diseases. In an effort to develop the technique and improve its capabilities, two inversion algorithms were written to evaluate viscoelastic properties from the measured displacements fields. The first one was based on ...
Characterization Of Solar Roadways Via Computational And Experimental Investigations, Rajesh Kanna Selvaraju Western University
Characterization Of Solar Roadways Via Computational And Experimental Investigations, Rajesh Kanna Selvaraju
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Efficiency of traditional solar panels is known to be very low and hence necessitates the use of extensive open spaces for producing solar-based electric power. In solar roadways concept, open spaces such as roads, parking lots, bicycle lanes, footpaths are proposed to be utilized. An in-depth quantitative feasibility study for implementing solar roadways in Canada is carried out considering the total available surfaces, solar panel efficiency and effects of fast moving shades. The load carrying capability of commercially available materials for the solar panel top cover is studied in an effort to examine the current as well as near-future implementation ...
Biaxial & Twist Testing Of Composite Carbon-Fiber Sandwich Panels For Automotive Racing Vehicles, Erik Eckberg California Polytechnic State University
Biaxial & Twist Testing Of Composite Carbon-Fiber Sandwich Panels For Automotive Racing Vehicles, Erik Eckberg
Composite sandwich panels were constructed with 4-ply plain weave carbon-fiber/epoxy face sheets in the 0o/45o/0o/45o orientation and 1/8th inch Nomex honeycomb core. The panels were cut into 5-inch square test plates for mechanical testing. All testing was done on a fixture designed and fabricated by Pratt & Miller Engineering and installed on an Instron testing system at Cal Poly. The twist test was performed by supporting diagonal corners of the plate while simultaneously loading the opposite two corners at a crosshead rate of .06 in/min (ASTM 3044-94R11). Out of 10 panels tested, six were tested longitudinally, with the L direction of the honeycomb parallel to the front of the test plate, and four were tested in the transverse orientation, with the L direction of the honeycomb perpendicular to the front of the plate. The average compliance for the longitudinal loading was 1.303 mil/lb, and the transverse loading was 1.394 mil/lb. The panels failed with a combination core shear failure and face-to-core debonding. The anisotropic nature of the honeycomb core supports the difference in the compliance of the panels; however the complex loading of the twist test results the difference being not statistically significant. The biaxial bending tests involved supporting the composite plate on each corner and loading it in the center. In 5 tested plates, the measured average compliance was .4363 mil ...
Vibration And Buckling Of Composite Beams Using Refined Shear Deformation, Thuc P. Vo, Huu-Tai Thai Glyndŵr University
Vibration And Buckling Of Composite Beams Using Refined Shear Deformation, Thuc P. Vo, Huu-Tai Thai
Vibration and buckling analysis of composite beams with arbitrary lay-ups using refined shear deformation theory is presented. The theory accounts for the parabolical variation of shear strains through the depth of beam. Three governing equations of motion are derived from the Hamilton’s principle. The resulting coupling is referred to as triply coupled vibration and buckling. A two-noded C1 beam element with five degree-of-freedom per node which accounts for shear deformation effects and all coupling coming from the material anisotropy is developed to solve the problem. Numerical results are obtained for composite beams to investigate effects of fiber orientation and ...
Static Balancing Of The Cal Poly Wind Turbine Rotor, Derek Simon California Polytechnic State University
Static Balancing Of The Cal Poly Wind Turbine Rotor, Derek Simon
Master's Theses and Project Reports
The balancing of a wind turbine rotor is a crucial step affecting the machine’s performance, reliability, and safety, as it directly impacts the dynamic loads on the entire structure.
A rotor can be balanced either statically or dynamically. A method of rotor balancing was developed that achieves both the simplicity of static balancing and the accuracy of dynamic balancing. This method is best suited, but not limited, to hollow composite blades of any size. The method starts by quantifying the mass and center of gravity of each blade. A dynamic calculation is performed to determine the theoretical shaking force ...
Design, Construction, And Evaluation Of An Automated Chicken Coop Door, Kyle Inks California Polytechnic State University
Design, Construction, And Evaluation Of An Automated Chicken Coop Door, Kyle Inks
BioResource and Agricultural Engineering
This senior project takes a look into the design, construction, and evaluation of an automated chicken coop door. The idea and need for such a door came from my mother Jan Inks. The parameters for the project include, low production cost, easy installation on existing coops, sleek design, automatically open at a set time in the morning, and automatically close at a set time in the evening.
Numerical Modelling Of Transport In Complex Porous Media: Metal Foams To The Human Lung, Christopher T. DeGroot Western University
Numerical Modelling Of Transport In Complex Porous Media: Metal Foams To The Human Lung, Christopher T. Degroot
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Transport in porous media has many practical applications in science and engineering. This work focuses on the development of numerical methods for analyzing porous media flows and uses two major applications, metal foams and the human lung, to demonstrate the capabilities of the methods. Both of these systems involve complex pore geometries and typically involve porous domains of complex shape. Such geometric complexities make the characterization of the relevant effective properties of the porous medium as well as the solution of the governing equations in conjugate fluid-porous domains challenging. In porous domains, there are typically too many individual pores to ...
A Review Of Cutting-Edge Techniques For Material Selection, Noori Brifcani, Richard Day, David Walker, Suzanne Hughes, Ken Ball, Dave Price Glyndŵr University
A Review Of Cutting-Edge Techniques For Material Selection, Noori Brifcani, Richard Day, David Walker, Suzanne Hughes, Ken Ball, Dave Price
Selecting the optimum material for a given application is a complex task for engineers and designers across all industrial fields. There are a huge number of materials now available with a range of different properties and behaviours and so it has become even more necessary to carry out a systematic process in order to screen and/or rank the materials to give a promising number of candidates. The output of the material selection process depends upon which method is used. In some methods, a chart can be used to identify promising candidates whereas in others a single ‘optimum’ material may ...
Recreational Nordic Sit Ski, Mathew Bissonnette, Johnathon Gorski, Kevin Izumiya California Polytechnic State University
Recreational Nordic Sit Ski, Mathew Bissonnette, Johnathon Gorski, Kevin Izumiya
The purpose of this project was to design, build, and test a recreational Nordic sit ski for use by Disabled Sports Eastern Sierra. The goal was to improve adjustability and reduce weight compared to previous sit ski designs. The project was completed by Cal Poly Mechanical Engineering seniors Mathew Bissonnette, Johnathon Gorski, and Kevin Izumiya. Kinesiology seniors Harpreet Saini and Carl Anderson provided discipline support and disability etiquette training.
The project was sponsored by the National Science Foundation Research to Aid Persons with Disabilities (RAPD) grant. The grant was proposed by and awarded to Dr. Brian Self and Dr. James ...
California Olive Ranch Hedger, Tyler Enos, Seth Abbott, David Gamba California Polytechnic State University
California Olive Ranch Hedger, Tyler Enos, Seth Abbott, David Gamba
The purpose of this project is to evaluate the problems of the current KCI (Kingsburg Cultivator Incorporated) olive tree hedger in use at California Olive Ranch (COR) in Artois, CA, and then correct these problems which should yield a better performing, more efficient, and reliable machine. These problems include: the hydraulic oil temperature getting too high, the saw blades not having enough horsepower, and poor cutting performance due to operator error as well as terrain variations.
Supermileage Chassis Dynamometer, Jose Garcia, Steve Janning, Timothy Lui, Kyla Purvis California Polytechnic State University
Supermileage Chassis Dynamometer, Jose Garcia, Steve Janning, Timothy Lui, Kyla Purvis
This report describes the final design and analysis of a hydraulic chassis dynamometer as a testing tool for California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo Supermileage Vehicle Team (CPSMV). Literature review was conducted to understand the various types of chassis dynamometers on the market as of the year 2011. After rigorous research, it was determined that a hydraulic system was the best system for a chassis dynamometer in terms of functionality, performance, and cost. Critical study of hydraulics, dynamometers, and data acquisition systems (DAQ) was followed by a complete design of a hydraulic system. The chassis dynamometer proposed in this ...
Aerodynamic Test Platform For Human Powered Vehicle (Hpv), Spencer Wangerin, Spencer Lillywhite, Colburn Davis California Polytechnic State University
Aerodynamic Test Platform For Human Powered Vehicle (Hpv), Spencer Wangerin, Spencer Lillywhite, Colburn Davis
The Aerodynamic Test Platform (ATP) for the Cal Poly HPV Club is a system that was designed by Cal Poly mechanical engineering students to measure aerodynamic characteristics of a human-powered vehicle (HPV). The HPV team desired a system that could quantify the lift, drag, and other aerodynamic qualities of a full scale HPV at various orientations in oncoming airflow. Established methods for determining aerodynamic characteristics include computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and wind tunnel testing of scaled models. The ATP was devised to simulate the test results given by a full-scale wind tunnel without requiring a wind tunnel large enough to ...
Human Powered Helicopter: Rotor Structure, Joseph Ram, Juan Carlos Olvera California Polytechnic State University
Human Powered Helicopter: Rotor Structure, Joseph Ram, Juan Carlos Olvera
The following report encompasses the Human Powered Helicopter Rotor Team’s conceptual models and ideas based on research and modeling analysis. The following gives an overview of material researched, concept generation, analyzation, manufacturing, and testing for a rotor structure to be installed in a Human Powered Helicopter.
Throwing Frame For Athletes With Dissabilities, Andrew Higgins, Stefan Owechko, Gabriel (Gabe) Terrasas, Kevin Crisfield California Polytechnic State University
Throwing Frame For Athletes With Dissabilities, Andrew Higgins, Stefan Owechko, Gabriel (Gabe) Terrasas, Kevin Crisfield
Team Zeus’ senior project was to design, build and test a working throwing frame system for Bridge II Sports, a nonprofit organization in North Carolina. The throwing frame is used to allow athletes and individuals with disabilities to throw shot-put, discus, and javelin using a frame to sit against. Team Zeus was specifically tasked to build a frame that is lighter weight and more transportable than products that are currently on the market. This frame also is adjustable to accommodate a wide range of athlete weights, sizes, and abilities. The final result is a 35lb aluminum frame with two different ...
Formula Hybrid Drivetrain Design, Zachary (Zak) McFarland, Alex Pruitt, William Domhart California Polytechnic State University
Formula Hybrid Drivetrain Design, Zachary (Zak) Mcfarland, Alex Pruitt, William Domhart
The Formula Hybrid senior project group was tasked with designing and building a drivetrain system for the Cal Poly Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Formula Hybrid (FHSAE) team. FHSAE gave customer requirements for performance and geometry for the drivetrain and the FHSAE rulebook has guidelines regarding safety requirements. The team chose to compete in the electric category of the 2012 FHSAE competition. After getting feedback from previous car performance and researching different powertrain options, the senior project team arrived at three conceptual ideas. Using a quality function deployment method, the senior project team chose the concept where two motors independently ...
Design Of A Human Powered Helicopter Airframe, Sheen Kao, Daniel Layton, Philip Sobol California Polytechnic State University
Design Of A Human Powered Helicopter Airframe, Sheen Kao, Daniel Layton, Philip Sobol
In 1989 Cal Poly’s Da Vinci III was the first human powered helicopter (HPH) to achieve flight; our goal is to research and develop a new airframe for the next generation Da Vinci. This report outlines a brief history of human powered flight and details a method of constructing for the airframe. An optimized airframe geometry was also researched and is explained in detail.
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Sae Baja: Final Drive Gearbox, Michael McCausland, Michael Watkins, Ian Masterson, Andrew Sommer
Formula Sae Interchangeable Independent Rear Suspension Design, Evan Sparer, Mike McCune, Daniel Nunes, Mike Patton, Courtney Richardson
Structural Analyses Of Wind Turbine Tower For 3 Kw Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine, Tae gyun (Tom) Gwon
Hydraulic Hand Press Final Project Report, Nathaniel Brown, Matthew Knorr
Asme Human Powered Vehicle, Benjamin Knaus, Philip Basmadjian, Nick Supat
Fluidelastic Instability In Heat Exchanger Tube Arrays, Ahmed Khalifa
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