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Coconut Shell Waste Treatment Technology For A Sustainable Waste Utilization: A Case Study Of The Smes In Bohol Village, Indonesia, Wahyu Anggo Rizal, Ria Suryani, Roni Maryana, Dwi Joko Prasetyo, Diah Pratiwi, Yuli Ary Ratnawati, Dini Ariani, Andri Suwanto 2022 National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

Coconut Shell Waste Treatment Technology For A Sustainable Waste Utilization: A Case Study Of The Smes In Bohol Village, Indonesia, Wahyu Anggo Rizal, Ria Suryani, Roni Maryana, Dwi Joko Prasetyo, Diah Pratiwi, Yuli Ary Ratnawati, Dini Ariani, Andri Suwanto

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

This project focused on the introduction of liquid smoke and bio briquette manufacturing technology to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) located in Bohol Village, Gunungkidul, Indonesia through technology transfer, training, and mentoring. These SMEs are engaged in the food business with the main product jenang ketan, a traditional food from Gunungkidul, especially in Rongkop District, and very popular among communities around and outside Gunungkidul. The traditional preparation of jenang ketan produces several by-products in the form of waste, which is dominated by coconut shell biomass. The project’s technology transfer was carried out through the procurement of a series of pyrolysis …


Machine Learning Approach To Investigate Ev Battery Characteristics, Shayan Falahatdoost 2022 University of Windsor

Machine Learning Approach To Investigate Ev Battery Characteristics, Shayan Falahatdoost

Major Papers

The main factor influencing an electric vehicle’s range is its battery. Battery electric vehicles experience driving range reduction in low temperatures. This range reduction results from the heating demand for the cabin and recuperation limits by the braking system. Due to the lack of an internal combustion engine-style heat source, electric vehicles' heating system demands a significant amount of energy. This energy is supplied by the battery and results in driving range reduction. Moreover, Due to the battery's low temperature in cold weather, the charging process through recuperation is limited. This limitation of recuperation is caused by the low reaction …


Multiple Objective Function Optimization And Trade Space Analysis, Yifan Xu 2022 Clemson University

Multiple Objective Function Optimization And Trade Space Analysis, Yifan Xu

All Theses

Optimization can assist in obtaining the best possible solution to a design problem by varying related variables under given constraints. It can be applied in many practical applications, including engineering, during the design process. The design time can be further reduced by the application of automated optimization methods. Since the required resource and desired benefit can be translated to a function of variables, optimization can be viewed as the process of finding the variable values to reach the function maxima or minima. A Multiple Objective Optimization (MOO) problem is when there is more than one desired function that needs to …


Modeling, Control And Estimation Of Reconfigurable Cable Driven Parallel Robots, Adhiti Raman Thothathri 2022 Clemson University

Modeling, Control And Estimation Of Reconfigurable Cable Driven Parallel Robots, Adhiti Raman Thothathri

All Dissertations

The motivation for this thesis was to develop a cable-driven parallel robot (CDPR) as part of a two-part robotic device for concrete 3D printing. This research addresses specific research questions in this domain, chiefly, to present advantages offered by the addition of kinematic redundancies to CDPRs. Due to the natural actuation redundancy present in a fully constrained CDPR, the addition of internal mobility offers complex challenges in modeling and control that are not often encountered in literature.

This work presents a systematic analysis of modeling such kinematic redundancies through the application of reciprocal screw theory (RST) and Lie algebra while …


Low-Cost, Low-Weight Test Rig Design For A Laboratory-Scale Twin Rotor Wind Turbine, Ahmed Ayoub, Ahmed Elzeedy, Mahmoud Elkordy, Eslam Ayad, Mohamed Waleed, Amira Elkodama, Amr Ismaiel 2022 Future University in Egypt

Low-Cost, Low-Weight Test Rig Design For A Laboratory-Scale Twin Rotor Wind Turbine, Ahmed Ayoub, Ahmed Elzeedy, Mahmoud Elkordy, Eslam Ayad, Mohamed Waleed, Amira Elkodama, Amr Ismaiel

Future Engineering Journal

Multi-Rotor Wind Turbine (MRWT) has been proven advantageous over Single-Rotor Wind Turbine (SRWT) in many aspects. In order to study the performance of MRWT over SRWT, this work presents a low-cost and low-weight design for a test rig for laboratory-scale wind turbine configurations. The configurations under study are a single-rotor, and a twin-rotor of the same size with a diameter of 30 cm. Aerodynamic loads have been calculated using the Blade Element Momentum (BEM) method, then the loads were used for stress analysis over the test rig proposed. The test rig is designed on Solidworks and the aerodynamic and inertial …


Tunable Filtration Of Particles During Dip-Coating, Connor Copeland 2022 Clemson University

Tunable Filtration Of Particles During Dip-Coating, Connor Copeland

All Theses

When a solid substrate is withdrawn from a liquid bath a thin coating is deposited whose thickness is given by the Landau-Levich-Derjaguin (LLD) law. We perform an experimental study of dip coating of particle suspensions showing that particles of a given size can become entrained in the meniscus by the competition between viscous and surface tension forces. This is called capillary filtration and can be used as a tunable dynamic filter. For single particle suspensions, filtration can be in terms of either clumps or single particles, with the relevant entrainment points depending upon the rheology of the working fluid, either …


An Investigation Into The Velocity-Dependence Of The Coefficient Of Friction Between Concrete And Maraging Steel, Trace A. Duncan 2022 Mississippi State University

An Investigation Into The Velocity-Dependence Of The Coefficient Of Friction Between Concrete And Maraging Steel, Trace A. Duncan

Theses and Dissertations

This work investigates the velocity-dependent coefficient of friction between concrete and 300 Maraging steel over short displacements. A modified torsional Hopkinson bar is utilized for rotating thin-walled steel rings in contact with a concrete disk under static precompression. Rotational velocity is varied between tests to determine the velocity dependence of the friction coefficient. Normal force is varied between certain tests to determine the pressure dependence of the friction coefficient between the concrete and steel. Three different types of concrete are tested to deduce any composition effect on the friction coefficient. Dry and greased conditions’ impact on the friction coefficient are …


Foundations For Finite-State Modelling Of A Two-Dimensional Airfoil That Reverses Direction, Jake Michael Oscar Welsh 2022 Washington University in St. Louis

Foundations For Finite-State Modelling Of A Two-Dimensional Airfoil That Reverses Direction, Jake Michael Oscar Welsh

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Current 3-D finite-state wake models are incapable of simulating a maneuver in which the sign of the free-stream velocity changes direction and the rotor enters its own wake -- as might occur in the case of a helicopter which ascends and then descends. It is the purpose of this work to create a 2-D finite-state wake model which is capable of handling changes in free-stream direction as a precursor to development of a 3-D model that can do the same.

The 2-D finite-state model used for reentry modifications is an existing model created by Peters, Johnson, and Karunamoorthy. By the …


Creep Behavior Of A Ti-Based Multi-Principal Element Alloy, Benjamin Elbrecht 2022 Clemson University

Creep Behavior Of A Ti-Based Multi-Principal Element Alloy, Benjamin Elbrecht

All Theses

Abstract

The understanding of microstructural damage mechanisms is the foundation of better understanding existing materials and future material development. There are significant challenges to measuring these damage mechanisms in-situ as continuous observation of the state of the microstructure is difficult or impossible for many experimental setups. This thesis presents a method for measuring grain boundary sliding (GBS) and local strain concentrations in-situ via a Heaviside function based algorithm. GBS is the shearing of two grains along their shared grain boundary and is a common damage mechanism in creep which presents as a discontinuity that can be measured with a Heaviside …


Design And Analysis Of Aircraft Wing, prabhat dixit Graduate Engineer, Vivek Rathod Graduate Engineer, Deshmukh Chetan Pravin Graduate Engineer, Piyush Patil Graduate Engineer 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, SOET, Sandip University, Nashik, Maharastra, INDIA

Design And Analysis Of Aircraft Wing, Prabhat Dixit Graduate Engineer, Vivek Rathod Graduate Engineer, Deshmukh Chetan Pravin Graduate Engineer, Piyush Patil Graduate Engineer

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

This research develops and analyses a general aviation plane. A preliminary representation of the eventual product is used to start the design process for an airplane. Based on a drawing, a design mission profile is utilized to determine the weight. A more advanced approach is used to estimate weight, which employs calculated performance criteria to produce a more exact weight estimate. The wing design has been demonstrated to be a feasible alternative for a similar general aviation aircraft. When traveling through air or other fluids, a wing is a type of fin that provides lift. Airfoils may be observed on …


Tunable Passive Shock And Vibration Isolators For Rotational Isolation, Chase B. LeMaire 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Tunable Passive Shock And Vibration Isolators For Rotational Isolation, Chase B. Lemaire

LSU Master's Theses

Shock and vibration isolation are a critical need in helmets, which are widely used to protect athletes, workers, soldiers, and astronauts. Passive vibration isolation systems are a good option when mass and volume should be minimized and when the experienced loadings can be predicted. However, it is frequently challenging to find materials and structures which exhibit the optimal vibration and impact isolation properties for an application. As a case study illustrating a novel design paradigm for rotational shock absorption, a family of optimal solutions for the physical properties of American football helmets is presented. Lumped parameter Simulink models simulate a …


Film Cooling In Gas Turbine And Nozzle, Manideep Uduta Engineer-Graduate Aerospace, Vaibhav Naiknavre Engineer-Graduate Aerospace 2022 Sandip University, Maharashtra, Nashik, INDIA

Film Cooling In Gas Turbine And Nozzle, Manideep Uduta Engineer-Graduate Aerospace, Vaibhav Naiknavre Engineer-Graduate Aerospace

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

A gas turbine is a rotating engine that generates its power through the flow of combustion gases. With either an axial or centrifugal compressor, air from the surrounding environment is drawn into the engine intake, where it is compressed and heated before being sent to combustion chamber. Every gas turbine engine has a nozzle as a standard part. Among its many responsibilities include propelling the engine forward, returning exhaust gases to the free stream, and regulating mass flow through the engine. When the power turbine's exhaust exits, the nozzle is directly in the direction of the fumes. Simply put, nozzles …


Film Cooling Method In Liquid Rocket Engine, Pradnya Cherkupalli Engineer Graduate, Juluru Sandeep Prof. 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, Nashik, Maharashtra, INDIA

Film Cooling Method In Liquid Rocket Engine, Pradnya Cherkupalli Engineer Graduate, Juluru Sandeep Prof.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

Design Criteria, Experimental Studies of Supersonic Shock Wave Interaction with Film Cooling, and High-Pressure Subscale Combustion Chamber of Film Cooling Liquid-Propellant Rocket Engines are all covered in this review study. Using earth-storable, space-storable, and cryogenic propellant combinations, the study establishes the applicability of film cooling to rocket engines in the high thrust range. The study's findings are given in this publication. Additionally, data from studies mixing different types of propellant were used to evaluate the analytical model's accuracy. Tests employing supersonic film cooling were done in the wind tunnel to investigate the impact of external shock waves on supersonic film …


Offshore Wind Turbine Gearbox, Michael Cooper, Ernesto Portillo, Kyle Hammer, Carson Bryan 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Offshore Wind Turbine Gearbox, Michael Cooper, Ernesto Portillo, Kyle Hammer, Carson Bryan

Mechanical Engineering

New offshore wind turbine farms are currently in development on the East Coast and off California’s Central Coast. Preliminary design considerations from mechanical and civil engineers are needed to ensure constructability of these deep-water, floating-platform wind farms, which will then be connected to the power grid at the grid ties of Morro Bay and Diablo Canyon. The purpose of this project is to design an epicyclic gearbox fit to take in the torque loads from the slowly rotating rotor shaft and successfully output a significantly faster rotating motor shaft to allow more accessibility to generator options including ones with far …


Interactive Lego Girl Scout Arm, Chris Suzuki, Emi Okuyama, Bryson Shores, karina Sandoval 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Interactive Lego Girl Scout Arm, Chris Suzuki, Emi Okuyama, Bryson Shores, Karina Sandoval

Mechanical Engineering

This Senior Project Report document outlines the senior design project for Girl Scouts of California’s Central Coast (GSCCC) led by a team of four Mechanical Engineering students at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. The project encompasses the researching, designing, prototyping, and testing of a LEGO robotic arm for the Girl Scouts to learn more about STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) and provide support to each Girl Scouts cookie sales in their stores. Their goal was to build a LEGO robotic arm that will interact with customers at the Girl Scout stores and promote the girl scouts' interest …


Universal Tread For Power Wheelchairs, Daniel Ceja Gonzalez, Ryan Scarcella, Aaron Rocha, Brian Song 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Universal Tread For Power Wheelchairs, Daniel Ceja Gonzalez, Ryan Scarcella, Aaron Rocha, Brian Song

Mechanical Engineering

This project was centered around developing a fully independently driven powered wheelchair attachment that would allow users to traverse non-wheelchair accessible terrain. The initial goal was to create a full-scale model that would allow our user to use and test as a prototype to get over curbs and some light dirt off-roading. However, as the project progressed and limitations of time and money came up, this project was rescoped to a quarter-scale proof of concept model. The goal of this new project was to create a prototype that would carry a scaled-down load and traverse a scaled-down curb. This was …


Interactive Lego Girl Scout Arm, Christopher Suzuki, Emi Okuyama, Bryson Shores, karina Sandoval 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Interactive Lego Girl Scout Arm, Christopher Suzuki, Emi Okuyama, Bryson Shores, Karina Sandoval

Mechanical Engineering

This Senior Project Report document outlines the senior design project for Girl Scouts of California’s Central Coast (GSCCC) led by a team of four Mechanical Engineering students at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. The project encompasses the researching, designing, prototyping, and testing of a LEGO robotic arm for the Girl Scouts to learn more about STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) and provide support to each Girl Scouts cookie sales in their stores. Their goal was to build a LEGO robotic arm that will interact with customers at the Girl Scout stores and promote the girl scouts' interest …


Barker Bird Animatronic Senior Project Report, Marcus Monroe, Nolan Clapp, Ishan Jandaur, Jonathan Ogden 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Barker Bird Animatronic Senior Project Report, Marcus Monroe, Nolan Clapp, Ishan Jandaur, Jonathan Ogden

Mechanical Engineering

This document describes how our F71 Senior Design Project team developed a 3D printed, electronic bird that mimics Disneyland’s first animatronic, the Barker Bird. An animatronic is a mechanical puppet that replicates real life movement with robotic parts. Disney’s Barker Bird is a well-known animatronic that replicates a talking macaw with multiple moving systems. The final prototype completed by our team serves as a teaching tool for CAPED (Cal Poly Amusement Park Engineers and Designers) club members that are interested in the field of animated robots.


Automation And High Speed Forming Of Thin Layer Composite Materials, Jake Reeves 2022 Mississippi State University

Automation And High Speed Forming Of Thin Layer Composite Materials, Jake Reeves

Theses and Dissertations

The future of aerospace has long been dedicated to making airplanes more lightweight and faster than ever before. Automation is essential to achieve these goals while maintaining a standard of consistency and quality. The overall goal of this research is to develop an automated piece of equipment that can effectively laminate a contoured composite layup at a rapid pace in order to compete with alternative options. In this study, the equipment and its components were designed and first evaluated through computational modeling and simulation. Then a prototype of the developed equipment was built for experimental testing and validating. The manufactured …


Structural Sizing Of Post-Buckled Thermally Stressed Stiffened Panels, Walid Arsalane 2022 Mississippi State University

Structural Sizing Of Post-Buckled Thermally Stressed Stiffened Panels, Walid Arsalane

Theses and Dissertations

Design of thermoelastic structures can be highly counterintuitive due to design-dependent loading and impact of geometric nonlinearity on the structural response. Thermal loading generates in-plane stresses in a restrained panel, but the presence of geometric nonlinearity creates an extension-bending coupling that results in considerable transverse displacement and variation in stiffness characteristics, and these affects are enhanced in post-bucking regimes. Herein a methodology for structural sizing of thermally stressed post-buckled stiffened panels is proposed and applied for optimization of the blade and hat stiffeners using a gradient-based optimizer. The stiffened panels are subjected to uniform thermal loading and optimized for minimum …


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