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470 full-text articles. Page 1 of 18.

Estimation Of The Centre Of Mass From Motion Capture And Force Plate Recordings: A Study On The Elderly, Sebastien Cotton, Michele Vanoncini, Philippe Fraisse, Nacim Ramdani, Emel Demircan, Andrew P. Murray, Thierry Keller 2017 Universite de Montpellier II

Estimation Of The Centre Of Mass From Motion Capture And Force Plate Recordings: A Study On The Elderly, Sebastien Cotton, Michele Vanoncini, Philippe Fraisse, Nacim Ramdani, Emel Demircan, Andrew P. Murray, Thierry Keller

Andrew Murray

The estimation of the centre of mass position in humans is usually based on biomechanical models developed from anthropometric tables. This method can potentially introduce errors in studies involving elderly people, since the ageing process is typically associated with a modification of the distribution of the body mass. In this paper, an alternative technique is proposed, and evaluated with an experimental study on 9 elderly volunteers. The technique is based on a virtual chain, identified from experimental data and locating the subject's centre of mass. Its configuration defines the location of the centre of mass, and is a function ...


Skin Strain Measurement To Predict Knee Joint Angles Through Nanocomposite Stain Gauges, Adin Martineau, James Tracy, Gavin Collins, Parker Rosquist, Dustin A. Bruening, Matt K. Seeley, David T. Fullwood, Anton E. Bowden 2017 Brigham Young University

Skin Strain Measurement To Predict Knee Joint Angles Through Nanocomposite Stain Gauges, Adin Martineau, James Tracy, Gavin Collins, Parker Rosquist, Dustin A. Bruening, Matt K. Seeley, David T. Fullwood, Anton E. Bowden

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

Explores the possibility of using high deflection nanocomposite strain gauges as knee joint angle sensor.


Characterization Of Essential Tremor In The Major Degrees Of Freedom Of The Upper Limb, Adam Pigg, David Standring, Steven Charles 2017 Brigham Young University - Provo

Characterization Of Essential Tremor In The Major Degrees Of Freedom Of The Upper Limb, Adam Pigg, David Standring, Steven Charles

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

No abstract provided.


Computational Characterization Of Blood Vessel Strain In Wire Myography, Sameer S. Nandikar, M Converse, K L. Monson 2017 University of Utah

Computational Characterization Of Blood Vessel Strain In Wire Myography, Sameer S. Nandikar, M Converse, K L. Monson

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

Blood vessels, and the mechanical forces that act on them, play a key role in both health and disease. As a consequence, the mechanical properties of vessels have been under study for over a century. A variety of approaches have been used to define vessel properties, including stretching of vessel rings to study circumferential behavior, a configuration commonly used in wire myography. The objective of the present study was to develop a finite element model to quantify strains throughout a vessel ring during such loading.


Using Optimization To Determine Tremor Propagation, Paul Curtis, Steven K. Charles 2017 Brigham Young University - Provo

Using Optimization To Determine Tremor Propagation, Paul Curtis, Steven K. Charles

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

: Essential Tremor (ET) is one of the most common movement disorders, with millions affected in the US. Currently there are two main treatment options: medication and deep brain stimulation (DBS). Available medications are only 50% effective, and in only 50% of patients, and many patients consider DBS too invasive. The purpose of our research is to determine the origin and propagation of tremor throughout the upper limb.


Design And Evaluation Of Pediatric Gait Rehabilitation Robots, Cale J. Stolle 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Design And Evaluation Of Pediatric Gait Rehabilitation Robots, Cale J. Stolle

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Gait therapy methodologies were studied and analyzed for their potential for pediatric patients. Using data from heel, metatarsal, and toe trajectories, a nominal gait trajectory was determined using Fourier transforms for each foot point. These average trajectories were used as a basis of evaluating each gait therapy mechanism. An existing gait therapy device (called ICARE) previously designed by researchers, including engineers at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, was redesigned to accommodate pediatric patients. Unlike many existing designs, the pediatric ICARE did not over- or under-constrain the patient’s leg, allowing for repeated, comfortable, easily-adjusted gait motions. This design was assessed under ...


Flex-Ro: Design, Implementation, And Control Of Subassemblies For An Agricultural Robotic Platform, Jared Patrick Werner 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Flex-Ro: Design, Implementation, And Control Of Subassemblies For An Agricultural Robotic Platform, Jared Patrick Werner

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Automation technology in agriculture is growing, making agricultural robotics viable. Innovative field usable multi-purpose robotic platforms are needed for the successful progression of agricultural robotics. Furthermore, the field of agricultural robotics would benefit from a robotic platform design allowing for variable height, thus accommodating navigation throughout various crop growth stages. A variable height machine, Flex-Ro was developed to accommodate this feature. Multiple sub-assemblies were designed and implemented for Flex-Ro. An electronic control unit (ECU) enabled engine was used to power Flex-Ro. An embedded application program was developed to control engine speed using proprietary Controller Area Network (CAN) messages in conjunction ...


Fluid Dynamic Factors As A Cause And Effect Of Biofilm Formation Of Staphylococcus Aureus Biofilms, Erica Sherman 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Fluid Dynamic Factors As A Cause And Effect Of Biofilm Formation Of Staphylococcus Aureus Biofilms, Erica Sherman

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Staphylococcus aureus bacteria are able to form biofilms and distinctive tower structures that facilitate their ability to tolerate treatment and to spread within the human body. The formation of towers, which break off, get carried downstream and serve to initiate biofilms in other parts of the body are of particular interest here. It is known that flow conditions play a role in the development, dispersion and propagation of biofilms. The influence of flow on tower formation and what factors lead to tower formation is not at all understood The hypothesis being examined is that tower structures form within a specific ...


Development And Implementation Of High Fidelity Human Models For The Investigation Of Blast And Non-Penetrating Projectile Impact, Candice F. Cooper 2016 University of New Mexico

Development And Implementation Of High Fidelity Human Models For The Investigation Of Blast And Non-Penetrating Projectile Impact, Candice F. Cooper

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Military operations abroad have highlighted the effects of several types of physical traumas including traumatic brain injury and behind armor blunt trauma. While previous approaches toward understanding and mitigating trauma caused by blast or blunt impact relied upon physical testing of animal subjects, post mortem human subjects, or human tissue surrogates, recent advances in computational capability have spurred a growing area of research in computational investigations into wound injury and its mitigation. The development of high-fidelity human torso and head-neck-torso models are presented here. These models are employed in blast and non-penetrating projectile impact simulations in order to demonstrate the ...


Mechanical Reliability Of Implantable Polyimide-Based Magnetic Microactuators For Biofouling Removal, Christian G. Figueroa-Espada, Qi Yang, Hyowon Lee 2016 University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez

Mechanical Reliability Of Implantable Polyimide-Based Magnetic Microactuators For Biofouling Removal, Christian G. Figueroa-Espada, Qi Yang, Hyowon Lee

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Hydrocephalus is a neurological disorder that typically requires a long-term implantation of a shunt system to manage its symptoms. These shunt systems are notorious for their extremely high failure rate. More than 40% of all implanted shunt systems fail within the first year of implantation. On average, 85% of all hydrocephalus patients with shunt systems undergo at least two shunt-revision surgeries within 10 years of implantation. A large portion of this high failure rate can be attributed to biofouling-related obstructions and infections. Previously, we developed flexible polyimide-based magnetic microactuators to remove obstructions formed on hydrocephalus shunts. To test the long-term ...


Movement And Distribution Of Bacteria Near Surfaces, Daniel A. Quinkert, Adib Ahmadzadegan, Arezoo M. Ardekani 2016 Purdue University

Movement And Distribution Of Bacteria Near Surfaces, Daniel A. Quinkert, Adib Ahmadzadegan, Arezoo M. Ardekani

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Bacteria are found everywhere in nature, including within human/animal bodies, biomedical devices, industrial equipment, oceans and lakes. They can be found in planktonic state within a bulk liquid phase or attached to surfaces with the potential to form biofilms. In this study we are interested in the movement and distribution of bacteria near surfaces. The concentrations and fluid interactions of bacteria were characterized at various distances from a surface. Psuedomonas putida F1 was observed in a suspension near a surface. Bacteria movements were visualized with an inverted microscope at 40x magnification. P. putida F1 exhibited greater density in close ...


Microfluidic Platform For Impedance Characterization Of Endothelial Cells Under Fluid Shear Stress., Vanessa Velasco 2016 University of Louisville

Microfluidic Platform For Impedance Characterization Of Endothelial Cells Under Fluid Shear Stress., Vanessa Velasco

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Endothelium dysfunction has been associated with many pathophysiological processes leading to cardiovascular diseases. Studying endothelium behavior is vital to understand the onset, prevention, and treatment of such diseases. Electrical impedance spectroscopy has been shown to provide a real-time in vitro evaluation of cell behavior including cell monolayer permeability. However, the majority of published work has been primarily with static cell culture models or macro-scale models that do not properly represent the physiological sizes, structures, and environmental conditions of human blood vessels. Within this dissertation, the design, fabrication, characterization, and application of a microfluidic impedance platform is presented for the in ...


Strain Energy Absorption Corresponds To Decreased Incidence Of Ventricular Fibrillation In A Commotio Cordis Model, Kayt E. Frisch, Mark S. Link, John Van Weelden 2016 Dordt College

Strain Energy Absorption Corresponds To Decreased Incidence Of Ventricular Fibrillation In A Commotio Cordis Model, Kayt E. Frisch, Mark S. Link, John Van Weelden

Faculty Work: Comprehensive List

A healthy teenage boy is playing high school baseball, when he is struck in the chest by the ball; minutes later, his heart is experiencing ventricular fibrillation (VF) and the only way to resuscitate him is to use a defibrillator. This phenomenon, is known as Commotio Cordis (CC), and occurs as many as 20 times each year in the United States. CC most frequently occurs in sports with small balls (e.g. baseball or lacrosse) and requires a specific set of circumstances–a projectile with a certain amount of energy that impacts directly over the left ventricle of the heart ...


Developing Predictive Models For Upper Extremity Post–Stroke Motion Quality Estimation Using Decision Trees And Bagging Forest, Sarvenaz Chaeibakhsh 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Developing Predictive Models For Upper Extremity Post–Stroke Motion Quality Estimation Using Decision Trees And Bagging Forest, Sarvenaz Chaeibakhsh

Masters Theses

Stroke is one of the leading causes of long–term disability. Approximately twothirds of stroke survivors require long-term rehabilitation, which suggests the importance of understanding the post-stroke recovery process during his activities of daily living. This problem is formulated as quantifying and estimating the poststroke movement quality in real world settings. To address this need, we have developed an approach that quantifies physical activities and can evaluate the performance quality. Wearable accelerometer and gyroscope are used to measure the upper extremity motions and to develop a mathematical framework to objectively relates sensors’ data to clinical performance indices. In this article ...


Low-Cost Prosthetic Transfemoral Socket, Emelie Deans, Joshua Ledgerwood, Leah Moore, Shaina Jung, Kristen Temnyk 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Low-Cost Prosthetic Transfemoral Socket, Emelie Deans, Joshua Ledgerwood, Leah Moore, Shaina Jung, Kristen Temnyk

Mechanical Engineering

The goal of this senior project was to design and fabricate a low-cost adjustable prosthetic socket for above the knee amputees. This low-cost consideration was incorporated with the original intent to be used in Fiji, however, this changed to the Dominican Republic. It became clear that the need for an adjustable socket was more as a transitional socket. This transitional socket would be used for the first 6 -12 months upon amputation because this when the most amount of volume fluctuation occurs. The project sponsor, LIM Innovations, has already designed the Infinite Socket which contains four main functioning parts: baseplate ...


Non-Puncturing, No Slip Thv Leaflet Gripper, Brooks Kelly, Eric Nagaoka, Johnny Phane 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Non-Puncturing, No Slip Thv Leaflet Gripper, Brooks Kelly, Eric Nagaoka, Johnny Phane

Mechanical Engineering

Confidential


Biomimetic Seal Flipper Test Rig, Gordon D. Belyea, Laura Kawashiri, Dylan Rinker, Kurt Beske 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Biomimetic Seal Flipper Test Rig, Gordon D. Belyea, Laura Kawashiri, Dylan Rinker, Kurt Beske

Mechanical Engineering

No abstract provided.


Prosthetic Socket Cooling System, Benjamin K. Kraw, Kathy Ha, Derek Piastrelli, Cuong Lai 2016 California Polytechnic State University – San Luis Obispo

Prosthetic Socket Cooling System, Benjamin K. Kraw, Kathy Ha, Derek Piastrelli, Cuong Lai

Mechanical Engineering

A team of four senior-level undergraduate students in the Interdisciplinary Senior Project Design course in the Engineering Department of California Polytechnic State University: San Luis Obispo have worked to develop a prosthetic socket cooling system, namely for veteran Taylor Morris and exclusively for a transfemoral prosthetic socket, under the Quality of Life+ Laboratory. This cooling system will utilize the thermoelectric effect known as the Peltier effect to transmit heat generated from the residual limb to the surrounding environment by means of forced convection over small aluminum heat sinks. Two measurement devices have also been developed to, one, measure the heat ...


The Effects Of Obesity On Resultant Knee Joint Loads For Gait And Cycling, Juan Gutierrez-Franco 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

The Effects Of Obesity On Resultant Knee Joint Loads For Gait And Cycling, Juan Gutierrez-Franco

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease of cartilage and bone tissue and the most common form of arthritis, accounting for US$ 10.5 billion in hospital charges in 2006. Obesity (OB) has been linked to increased risk of developing knee OA due to increased knee joint loads and varus-valgus misalignment. Walking is recommended as a weight-loss activity but it may increase risk of knee OA as OB gait increases knee loads. Cycling has been proposed as an alternative weight-loss measure, however, lack of studies comparing normal weight (NW) and OB subjects in cycling and gait hinder identification of exercises that ...


Numerical Modeling Of Fluid-Porous Structure Interaction In Arteries, Rana Zakerzadeh, Paolo Zunino 2016 University of Pittsburgh - Main Campus

Numerical Modeling Of Fluid-Porous Structure Interaction In Arteries, Rana Zakerzadeh, Paolo Zunino

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


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