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All Articles in Biomechanical Engineering

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532 full-text articles. Page 1 of 20.

Modeling Fluidization In Biomass Gasification Processes, Emmanuela Gavi, Theodore J. Heindel, Rodney O. Fox 2017 Iowa State University

Modeling Fluidization In Biomass Gasification Processes, Emmanuela Gavi, Theodore J. Heindel, Rodney O. Fox

Rodney O. Fox

Extensive validation of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models is required when modeling biomass fluidization, because several required model inputs are not know or not easily measured experimentally for biomass. In the present work, CFD fluidization modeling of a biomass bed is validated by comparison with X-ray computed tomography experimental data. A parametric study was carried out by employing ground walnut shell or ground corncob as model biomass bed materials, and fluidization was performed at a gas velocity twice the minimum fluidization velocity. An important result is the use of an "effective density" for biomass in the CFD model, the use ...


Instantaneous Particle Acceleration Model For Gas-Solid Suspensions At Moderate Reynolds Numbers, Sudheer Tenneti, Rodney O. Fox, Shankar Subramaniam 2017 Iowa State University

Instantaneous Particle Acceleration Model For Gas-Solid Suspensions At Moderate Reynolds Numbers, Sudheer Tenneti, Rodney O. Fox, Shankar Subramaniam

Rodney O. Fox

Gas-solid flows are encountered in many industrial applications such as fluidized beds and coal gasification. The design and scale-up of such industrial devices required a better understanding of the characteristics of gas-solid suspensions. Device-scale computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations that solve for average quantities such as solid volume fraction and phasic mean velocity fields are being extensively used in the industrial design process. The capability of the simulations to accurately predict the characteristics of gas-solid flow depends upon the accuracy of the models for unclosed terms that appear in the equations for mass, momentum and energy conservation. Hrenya and Sinclair ...


Differential Surface Stress Sensor For Detection Of Chemical And Biological Species, K. Kang, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Pranav Shrotriya 2017 Iowa State University

Differential Surface Stress Sensor For Detection Of Chemical And Biological Species, K. Kang, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Pranav Shrotriya

Pranav Shrotriya

We report a sensor consisting of two micromachined cantilevers (a sensing/reference pair) that is suitable for detection of chemical and biological species. The sensing strategy involves coating the sensing cantilever with receptors that have high affinities for the analyte. The presence of analyte is detected by determining the differential surface stress associated with its adsorption/absorption to the sensing cantilever. An interferometric technique is utilized to measure the differential bending of the sensing cantilever with respect to reference. Surface stress associated with hybridization of single stranded DNA is measured to demonstrate the unique advantages of the sensor.


Aptamer Functionalized Microcantilever Sensors For Cocaine Detection, Kyungho Kang, Ashish Sachan, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Pranav Shrotriya 2017 Iowa State University

Aptamer Functionalized Microcantilever Sensors For Cocaine Detection, Kyungho Kang, Ashish Sachan, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Pranav Shrotriya

Pranav Shrotriya

A cocaine-specific aptamer was used as a receptor molecule in a microcantilever-based surface stress sensor for detection of cocaine molecules. An interferometric technique that relies on measuring differential displacement between two microcantilevers (a sensing/reference pair) was utilized to measure the cocaine/aptamer binding induced surface stress changes. Sensing experiments were performed for different concentrations of cocaine from 25 to 500 μM in order to determine the sensor response as a function of cocaine concentration. In the lower concentration range from 25 to 100 μM, surface stress values increased proportionally to coverage of aptamer/cocaine complexes from 11 to 26 ...


Differential Surface Stress Sensor For Detection Of Chemical And Biological Species, K. Kang, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Pranav Shrotriya 2017 Iowa State University

Differential Surface Stress Sensor For Detection Of Chemical And Biological Species, K. Kang, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Pranav Shrotriya

Pranav Shrotriya

We report a sensor consisting of two micromachined cantilevers (a sensing/reference pair) that is suitable for detection of chemical and biological species. The sensing strategy involves coating the sensing cantilever with receptors that have high affinities for the analyte. The presence of analyte is detected by determining the differential surface stress associated with its adsorption/absorption to the sensing cantilever. An interferometric technique is utilized to measure the differential bending of the sensing cantilever with respect to reference. Surface stress associated with hybridization of single stranded DNA is measured to demonstrate the unique advantages of the sensor.


An Rna Aptamer-Based Microcantilever Sensor To Detect The Inflammatory Marker, Mouse Lipocalin-2, Lijie Zhai, Tianjiao Wang, Kyungho Kang, Yue Zhao, Pranav Shrotriya, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton 2017 Iowa State University

An Rna Aptamer-Based Microcantilever Sensor To Detect The Inflammatory Marker, Mouse Lipocalin-2, Lijie Zhai, Tianjiao Wang, Kyungho Kang, Yue Zhao, Pranav Shrotriya, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton

Pranav Shrotriya

Lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) is a biomarker for many inflammatory-based diseases, including acute kidney injury, cardiovascular stress, diabetes, and various cancers. Inflammatory transitions occur rapidly in kidney and cardiovascular disease, for which an in-line monitor could be beneficial. Microcantilever devices with aptamers as recognition elements can be effective and rapidly responsive sensors. Here, we have selected and characterized an RNA aptamer that specifically binds mouse Lcn2 (mLcn2) with a dissociation constant of 340 ± 70 nM in solution and 38 ± 22 nM when immobilized on a surface. The higher apparent affinity of the immobilized aptamer may result from its effective multivalency that decreases ...


A Computational Fluid Dynamics Study On Bidirectional Glenn Shunt Flow With An Additional Pulsatile Flow Through A Modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt, Seda Aslan 2017 University of New Orleans

A Computational Fluid Dynamics Study On Bidirectional Glenn Shunt Flow With An Additional Pulsatile Flow Through A Modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt, Seda Aslan

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The blood flow through the Bidirectional Glenn shunt (BGS) and modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (mBTS) to the pulmonary arteries (PAs) was analyzed using Computational Fluid Dynamics. This study consisted of the steady and pulsatile cases. In case one, the results of blood flow through the BGS for the Newtonian and non-Newtonian viscosity models were compared. Case two focused on having an additional pulsatile blood flow through the mBTS using the non-Newtonian Carreau viscosity model. The geometries were created based on the angiograms. In case one, boundary conditions to be specified at the inlets were obtained from the flow rate measurements via ...


Design And Validation Of An In Vivo Long-Term Attachment Capsule Robot, Wanchuan Xie 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Design And Validation Of An In Vivo Long-Term Attachment Capsule Robot, Wanchuan Xie

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The invention of capsule endoscopy (CE) made the non-invasive monitoring of the entire small bowel possible and became the primary means for diagnosing small bowel pathology. In the last decade, capsule robots have been transformed from diagnostic devices into a widely studied biomedical platform with the potential for active locomotion, drug delivery and therapeutic capabilities. To perform accurate on-site drug release and therapy, it is necessary for a capsule robot to be able to attach to the intestinal tissue and maintain its position long-term. Design challenges derive from the task of long-term mucosal adhesion which requires firm, quick-response attachment without ...


Estimation Of The Centre Of Mass From Motion Capture And Force Plate Recordings: A Study On The Elderly, Sebastien Cotton, Michele Vanoncini, Philippe Fraisse, Nacim Ramdani, Emel Demircan, Andrew P. Murray, Thierry Keller 2017 Universite de Montpellier II

Estimation Of The Centre Of Mass From Motion Capture And Force Plate Recordings: A Study On The Elderly, Sebastien Cotton, Michele Vanoncini, Philippe Fraisse, Nacim Ramdani, Emel Demircan, Andrew P. Murray, Thierry Keller

Andrew P. Murray

The estimation of the centre of mass position in humans is usually based on biomechanical models developed from anthropometric tables. This method can potentially introduce errors in studies involving elderly people, since the ageing process is typically associated with a modification of the distribution of the body mass. In this paper, an alternative technique is proposed, and evaluated with an experimental study on 9 elderly volunteers. The technique is based on a virtual chain, identified from experimental data and locating the subject's centre of mass. Its configuration defines the location of the centre of mass, and is a function ...


A Finite Element Approach To Self-Consistent Field Theory Calculations Of Multiblock Polymers, David M. Ackerman, Kris Delaney, Glenn H. Fredrickson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian 2017 Iowa State University

A Finite Element Approach To Self-Consistent Field Theory Calculations Of Multiblock Polymers, David M. Ackerman, Kris Delaney, Glenn H. Fredrickson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Self-consistent field theory (SCFT) has proven to be a powerful tool for modeling equilibrium microstructures of soft materials, particularly for multiblock polymers. A very successful approach to numerically solving the SCFT set of equations is based on using a spectral approach. While widely successful, this approach has limitations especially in the context of current technologically relevant applications. These limitations include non-trivial approaches for modeling complex geometries, difficulties in extending to non-periodic domains, as well as non-trivial extensions for spatial adaptivity. As a viable alternative to spectral schemes, we develop a finite element formulation of the SCFT paradigm for calculating equilibrium ...


Space Perception In Virtual Environments: Displacement From The Center Of Projection Causes Less Distortion Than Predicted By Cue-Based Models, Jonathan W. Kelly, Melissa Burton, Brice Pollock, Eduardo Rubio, Michael Curtis, Julio de la Cruz, Stephen B. Gilbert, Eliot H. Winer 2017 Iowa State University

Space Perception In Virtual Environments: Displacement From The Center Of Projection Causes Less Distortion Than Predicted By Cue-Based Models, Jonathan W. Kelly, Melissa Burton, Brice Pollock, Eduardo Rubio, Michael Curtis, Julio De La Cruz, Stephen B. Gilbert, Eliot H. Winer

Stephen B. Gilbert

Virtual reality systems commonly include both monocular and binocular depth cues, which have the potential to provide viewers with a realistic impression of spatial properties of the virtual environment. However, when multiple viewers share the same display, only one viewer typically receives the projectively correct images. All other viewers experience the same images despite displacement from the center of projection (CoP). Three experiments evaluated perceptual distortions caused by displacement from the CoP and compared those percepts to predictions of models based on monocular and binocular viewing geometry. Leftward and rightward displacement from the CoP caused virtual angles on the ground ...


Skin Strain Measurement To Predict Knee Joint Angles Through Nanocomposite Stain Gauges, Adin Martineau, James Tracy, Gavin Collins, Parker Rosquist, Dustin A. Bruening, Matt K. Seeley, David T. Fullwood, Anton E. Bowden 2017 Brigham Young University

Skin Strain Measurement To Predict Knee Joint Angles Through Nanocomposite Stain Gauges, Adin Martineau, James Tracy, Gavin Collins, Parker Rosquist, Dustin A. Bruening, Matt K. Seeley, David T. Fullwood, Anton E. Bowden

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

Explores the possibility of using high deflection nanocomposite strain gauges as knee joint angle sensor.


Characterization Of Essential Tremor In The Major Degrees Of Freedom Of The Upper Limb, Adam Pigg, David Standring, Steven Charles 2017 Brigham Young University - Provo

Characterization Of Essential Tremor In The Major Degrees Of Freedom Of The Upper Limb, Adam Pigg, David Standring, Steven Charles

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

No abstract provided.


Computational Characterization Of Blood Vessel Strain In Wire Myography, Sameer S. Nandikar, M Converse, K L. Monson 2017 University of Utah

Computational Characterization Of Blood Vessel Strain In Wire Myography, Sameer S. Nandikar, M Converse, K L. Monson

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

Blood vessels, and the mechanical forces that act on them, play a key role in both health and disease. As a consequence, the mechanical properties of vessels have been under study for over a century. A variety of approaches have been used to define vessel properties, including stretching of vessel rings to study circumferential behavior, a configuration commonly used in wire myography. The objective of the present study was to develop a finite element model to quantify strains throughout a vessel ring during such loading.


Using Optimization To Determine Tremor Propagation, Paul Curtis, Steven K. Charles 2017 Brigham Young University - Provo

Using Optimization To Determine Tremor Propagation, Paul Curtis, Steven K. Charles

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

: Essential Tremor (ET) is one of the most common movement disorders, with millions affected in the US. Currently there are two main treatment options: medication and deep brain stimulation (DBS). Available medications are only 50% effective, and in only 50% of patients, and many patients consider DBS too invasive. The purpose of our research is to determine the origin and propagation of tremor throughout the upper limb.


Skintronics: Wireless, Skin-Wearable Electronics For Monitoring Of Electrocardiogram, Matthew B. Piper, Woon-Hong Yeo, Yongkuk Lee 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Skintronics: Wireless, Skin-Wearable Electronics For Monitoring Of Electrocardiogram, Matthew B. Piper, Woon-Hong Yeo, Yongkuk Lee

Undergraduate Research Posters

The ECGs I micro-fabricate are designed to be flexible, stretchable and wireless circuits that can be applied to the skin directly. The device is encased in a conformal, silicon-like substrate, that allows the ECG to be attached with the electrodes. Each electrode has been previously measured and verified that it will be correctly placed for an accurate reading. Prototyping this ECG/electrode device allows the user to mount the prototype directly to the patient without having to attach and wire ten other electrodes. This prototype solves the issue that comes about when a doctor, nurse or emergency medical technician must ...


Lighted Ear Curette, Kaitlin Klotzle, Kelsey Ashmore, Crysta Yamamoto, Katrina Elfrink, Cynthia Stoller 2017 The University of Akron

Lighted Ear Curette, Kaitlin Klotzle, Kelsey Ashmore, Crysta Yamamoto, Katrina Elfrink, Cynthia Stoller

Honors Research Projects

The ear canal is a sensitive and small part of the human body that is prone to accumulate cerumen or lodge foreign bodies. In order to clean the ear canal or remove foreign bodies, three hands are required: one to brace the patient's head, one to maneuver the curette that is used to clean the ear, and one to hold a light source in order to make the small, dark area visible. Therefore, a design is needed that can allow a doctor to safely clean an ear with an instrument that only requires two hands. Furthermore, the design must ...


Finite Element Modeling Of The Plantar Fascia: A Viscohyperelastic Approach, Alexander Knapp 2017 University of North Florida

Finite Element Modeling Of The Plantar Fascia: A Viscohyperelastic Approach, Alexander Knapp

UNF Theses and Dissertations

The present work details the creation and analysis of a finite element model of the foot, wherein the plantar fascia was modeled as a viscohyperelastic solid. The objective of this work was to develop a fully functional CAD and Finite Element Model of the foot and plantar fascia for analysis by examining the transient stresses on the plantar fascia through the use of a viscohyperelastic material model. The model’s geometry was developed through the use of image processing techniques with anatomical images provided by the National Institutes of Health. The finite element method was used to analyze the transient ...


A 3d Fem Comparative Study On The Impact Response Between Human Head And Nocsae Head Due To Free Fall, Amey S. Badhe 2017 Michigan Technological University

A 3d Fem Comparative Study On The Impact Response Between Human Head And Nocsae Head Due To Free Fall, Amey S. Badhe

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

We all enjoy sports be it watching or playing. Concussion is well known topic when it comes sports related injuries. However, concussion and brain injury is not exclusive to sports and outdoor activities. Sometimes, even the impact due to slip and fall at small heights can cause serious damage to the head and brain. This report studies the response generated in the human head model and the commercially use dummy NOCSAE headform due to drop from height of 2, 3, 4 and 5 feet. Earlier studies have related brain kinetics and head kinematics to concussion and traumatic brain injury (TBI ...


Computational Investigation Of Transmural Differences In Left Ventricular Contractility And Hydrogel Injection Treatment For Myocardial Infarction, Hua Wang 2017 University of Kentucky

Computational Investigation Of Transmural Differences In Left Ventricular Contractility And Hydrogel Injection Treatment For Myocardial Infarction, Hua Wang

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Heart failure (HF) is one of the leading causes of death and impacts millions of people throughout the world. Recently, injectable hydrogels have been developed as a potential new therapy to treat myocardium infarction (MI). This dissertation is focused on two main topics: 1) to gain a better understanding the transmural contractility in the healthy left ventricle (LV) wall and 2) investigate the efficacy of the hydrogel injection treatment on LV wall stress and function. The results indicate that a non-uniform distribution of myocardial contractility in the LV wall provide a better representation of normal LV function. The other important ...


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